On This Day

On This Day in History for April 27

Events in History

  • 1124 David I becomes King of Scots

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1296 Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I


1509 Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II
  • 1518 Treaty of St Truiden: anti-French Trapdoors and Bourgondisch covenant
  • 1522 Battle of Bicocca: a combined French and Venetian force is decisively defeated by a Spanish-Imperial and Papal army
  • 1539 Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (nowadays Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar.
  • 1565 1st Spanish settlement in the Philippines forms at Cebu City
  • 1576 Peace of Beaulieu and Paix de Monsieur
  • 1578 Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.
  • 1643 Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez" premieres in Madrid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1646 King Charles I flees Oxford

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1650 The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.
  • 1662 Netherlands & France sign military covenant

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1667 Blind and impoverished, English poet John Milton sells the copyright of "Paradise Lost" for £10

  • 1694 Frederik August I "the Strong" becomes monarch of Saksen
  • 1773 British Parliament passes Tea Act (Boston won't like this)
  • 1805 US Marines attack shores of Tripoli
  • 1813 Americans under General Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
  • 1828 Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park in London opens
  • 1838 Fire destroys half of Charleston

UKPalace of Westminster

1840 Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by Sarah Barry wife of its architect Charles Barry

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The Palace of Westminster, London
The Palace of Westminster, London
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  • 1841 Imakita Kosen, 1st Zen teacher of D.T. Suzuki, found the awakening
  • 1857 Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
  • 1859 "Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860 Thomas Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 US President Abraham Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus (US Civil War)

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861 West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
  • 1865 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
  • 1865 Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
  • 1874 White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Rutherford B. Hayes removes Federal troops from Louisiana, Reconstruction ends

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1881 Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
  • 1890 French troops under Capt Archinard occupy Oussebougou, West Sudan
  • 1893 Richard "King Dick" Seddon succeeds John Balance as premier of New Zealand and leader of Liberal Party
  • 1897 Grant's Tomb (famed of song & legend) dedicated
  • 1903 Long Island's Jamaica Race Track opens

AustraliaFirst Labour Government

1904 The Australian Labor Party under Prime Minister Chris Watson becomes the first Labor government in the world

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Australia's first Labor ministry, the first in the world
Australia's first Labor ministry, the first in the world
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  • 1905 World Exposition opens in Liège
  • 1909 Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
  • 1910 Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 Louis Botha and James Hertzog establish the moderate nationalists South African Party promising equality of Britons and Boers

1st Prime Minister of South Africa Louis Botha
1st Prime Minister of South Africa
Louis Botha
  • 1911 Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the United States Senate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Indian passive resistance is suspended when General J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1912 Relief laws in Netherlands replace those of 1854
  • 1914 Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Counterattack launched by Turkish forces under the command of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk against allied troops

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1916 The British renew their assault on the Irish Volunteer position in Mount Street; shelling also sets the buildings on fire
  • 1920 Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
  • 1921 Hadjememaar, [Corn de Gelder] elected in Amsterdam
  • 1922 Fritz Lang's "Dr Mabuse, der Spieler" premieres in Berlin
  • 1922 Yakut ASSR formed in Russian SFSR
  • 1927 Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) created
  • 1931 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Adolf Hitler authorizes creation of Ministry of Aviation, in part to revive the German Luftwaffe, under Reichsmarshall Hermann Goering

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1933 Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Washington, D.C.
  • 1933 Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership's first shop outside London.
  • 1935 Brussels World Exposition opens
  • 1937 1st US social security payment made

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Himmler orders establishment of Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1941 German troops occupy Athens, Greece
  • 1942 Belgian Jews are forced to wear stars
  • 1942 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300
  • 1943 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Witold Pilecki escapes from Auschwitz after having voluntarily been imprisoned there to gain information about the Holocaust

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • 1945 2nd Republic of Austria forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1945 US 5th army enters Genoa
  • 1945 World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication
  • 1946 1st radar installed aboard a commercial ship
  • 1948 Arab legion attacks Gesher bridge on Jordan River
  • 1950 South Africa passes Group Areas Act segregating races
  • 1953 1st general elections in British Guiana, won by the People's Progressive Party with Cheddi Jagan first person of Indian descent to be elected head of government outside South Asia
  • 1956 Burma Premier U Nu's Volksliga voor Vrijheid loses election
  • 1959 "Today" show goes abroard 1st time (Paris France)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Mao Zedong resigns as Chairman of the PRC after the disastrous failure of the Great Leap Forward

Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1959 The last Canadian missionary leaves the People's Republic of China.
  • 1960 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine launched (Tullibee)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 South Korean President Syngman Rhee resigns after 12 years in power

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1960 Togo (formerly French Togo) declares independence from French administration
  • 1961 NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays
  • 1961 Sierra Leone declares independence from UK
  • 1962 Arnold Wesker's "Chips with Everything" premieres in London
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1963 "Jopie" Pengel forms government in Suriname

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Cuban premier Fidel Castro arrives in Moscow

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1965 RC Duncan patents "Pampers" disposable diaper
  • 1967 Expo 67 opens in Montreal, Canada, featuring a giant Biosphere designed by Buckminster Fuller
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 Baltimore Oriole Tom Phoebus no-hits Boston, 6-0
  • 1968 Congress of Political Party Radicals (PPR) forms in Netherlands
  • 1968 The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) hold a rally to protest the banning of a Republican Easter parade
  • 1972 Apollo 16 returns to Earth
  • 1974 Pan Am 707 crashes into mountains of Bali, killing 107
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1976 Arabic Monetary Fund established in Abu Dhabi
  • 1977 Bloody riots in Soweto, South Africa
  • 1977 HCC, Hobby Computer Club, forms in Netherlands
  • 1977 28 people are killed in the Guatemala City air disaster.
  • 1978 Cooling tower collapses at a coal-fired power plant at Willow Island, West Virginia, kills 51

Birthdays in History

  • 1410 Jean Van Lannoy, Flemish governor of Holland, Zealand and West Frisia (d. 1493)
  • 1593 Mumtaz Mahal, Empress consort of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal as her mausoleum and symbol of his undying love, born in Agra, Mughal Empire (d. 1631)
  • 1650 Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel, queen of Denmark and Norway (1670-99), born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1714)
  • 1701 Charles Emanuel III of Savoy, King of Sardinia, born in Turin (d. 1773)
  • 1718 Thomas Lewis, Irish-American surveyor, lawyer, and a pioneer of early Virginia, born in County Donegal, Ireland (d. 1790)
  • 1724 Colonel Thomas Gardner, American heroic political figure and soldier, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1775)
  • 1733 Josef Gottlieb Kölreuter, German Botanist who pioneered the study of plant hybrids, especially among the tobacco plants, born in Sulz am Neckar, Germany (d. 1806)
  • 1748 Adamántios Koraïs, Greek humanist scholar, born in Smyrna, Anatolia (d. 1833)
  • 1755 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (Parseval's theorem), born in Rosières-aux-Salines, France (d. 1836)

Person of interestMary Wollstonecraft

1759 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, English writer and feminist (A Vindication of the Rights of Woman), mother of Mary Shelley, born in London (d. 1797)

Author and Women's Rights Advocate Mary Wollstonecraft
Author and Women's Rights Advocate
Mary Wollstonecraft

Person of interestSamuel Morse

1791 Samuel Morse, American inventor (telegraph, Morse code) and painter, born in Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1872)

Inventor Samuel Morse
Samuel Morse
  • 1806 Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (1829-33), born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1878)
  • 1812 William W. Snow, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1851-53), born in Heath, Massachusetts (d. 1886)

Person of interestHerbert Spencer

1820 Herbert Spencer, British philosopher (Social Statics), born in Derby, England (d. 1903)

Philosopher and Intellectual Herbert Spencer
Philosopher and Intellectual
Herbert Spencer

Person of interestUlysses S. Grant

1822 Ulysses S. Grant, 18th US President (1869-77) and Union general, born in Point Pleasant, Ohio (d. 1885)

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1828 Gerben Colmjon, Frisian linguist and publisher, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1884)
  • 1835 John Murray Corse, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [or 9/27] (d. 1893)
  • 1840 Edward Whymper, English mountaineer, 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865), born in London (d. 1911)
  • 1848 Otto I of Bavaria, King of Bavaria (1886-1913), born in The Residence, Munich (d. 1916)
  • 1850 Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German Colonel General, born in Greifswald, Prussia (d. 1921)
  • 1853 Jules Lemaître, French critic and dramatist, born in Vennecy, Loiret, France (d. 1914)
  • 1861 Johan Skjoldborg, Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte), born in Øsløs, Thisted, Denmark (d. 1936)
  • 1875 André Baillon, Belgian-French author (Un homme si simple), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • 1883 Hubert Harrison, West Indian-American writer and freedom fighter, born in St. Croix, Danish West Indies (d. 1927)
  • 1892 Louis Victor de Broglie, French quantum physicist (studied electrons, Nobel Prize 1929), born in Dieppe, France (d. 1987)
  • 1893 Norman Bel Geddes, American theatrical designer (Rivals, Dead End), born in Adrian, Michigan (d. 1958)
  • 1893 Draža Mihailović, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal, born in Ivanjica, Serbia (d. 1946)
  • 1894 George Petty, American pin-up artist, born in Abbeville, Louisiana (d. 1975)
  • 1896 Wallace Hume Carothers, American chemist and inventor (nylon), born in Burlington, Iowa (d. 1937)
  • 1903 Frank Belknap Long, American writer (Rim of the Unknown), born in Harlem, Manhattan (d. 1994)
  • 1903 Hans Kosterlitz, German-British biochemist (endorphins), born in Berlin (d. 1996)
  • 1904 Arthur F. Burns, American economist and chairman (Federal Reserve Board), born in Stanislau, Austria-Hungary (d. 1987)
  • 1904 Cecil Day-Lewis, Irish poet (British Poet Laureate 1968-72) and detective writer (Nicholas Blake), born in Ballintubbert, Queen's County (d. 1972)
  • 1905 Julian Stryjkowski, Polish journalist and writer known for his radical leftist leanings, born in Stryi, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Mark Alexander Abrams, English market researcher, born in Edmonton, London (d. 1994)
  • 1906 Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (Leonís), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1909 Muriel C. Bradbrook, English writer (That Infidel Place), born in Birkenhead, England (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Georges Dargaud, French publisher (Astérix, Tintin), born in Paris (d. 1990)
  • 1912 Franz Weyergans, Belgian writer and translator (Les Gens Heureux), born in Seraing, Belgium (d. 1974)
  • 1912 Frederick R. Weisman, philanthropist, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1994)
  • 1913 Philip Abelson, American physicist and Nobel Prize Laureate, born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 2004)
  • 1914 Albert Soboult, French historian, born in Ammi Moussa, French Algeria (d. 1982)
  • 1918 John Alfred Scali, American journalist and diplomat, born in Canton, Ohio (d. 1995)
  • 1918 Sten Rudholm, Swedish jurist, member of the Swedish Academy, born in Karlstad, Sweden (d. 2008)
  • 1919 Walter Ritchie, British sculptor (Man's Struggle), born in Coventry, England (d. 1997)
  • 1920 Edwin Morgan, Scottish poet (At Eighty), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2010)
  • 1920 Mark Krasnosel'skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (nonlinear functional analysis), born in Starokostiantyniv, Ukraine (d. 1997)
  • 1922 Martin Gray, Polish-born American writer, holocaust survivor, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2016)
  • 1926 Ernest McCulloch, Canadian stem cell research pioneer, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2011)
  • 1927 Coretta Scott King, American activist and wife of Martin Luther King Jr., born in Heiberger, Alabama (d. 2006)
  • 1927 Joe Moakley, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts (1973-2001), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2001)

Person of interestSheila Scott

1927 Sheila Scott, English aviator (completes 1st round-the-world solo flight by a woman), born in Worcester, Worcestershire (d. 1988)

Aviator Sheila Scott
Sheila Scott
  • 1932 Roelof "Pik" Botha, South African minister of Foreign affairs, born in Rustenburg, Transvaal, South Africa
  • 1932 Gian-Carlo Rota, Italian-born American mathematician and philosopher, born in Vigevano, Italy (d. 1999)
  • 1936 John Burningham, English author and illustrator of children's books (Mr Grumpy's Outing), born in Farnham, England (d. 2019)
  • 1938 Earl Anthony, American professional bowler (PBA money champ 1974-6, 1981-3), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 2001)
  • 1939 Stanislaw Dziwisz, Polish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Kraków, born in Raba Wyżna, Poland
  • 1941 Jennings Michael Burch, American writer (They Cage the Animals at Night), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1942 Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6, TM-18), born in Tula, Russia
  • 1944 Michael Fish, British TV weatherman, born in Eastbourne, Sussex, England

Person of interestAugust Wilson

1945 August Wilson, American playwright (Fences, Pulitzer 1987), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2005)

Playwright August Wilson
August Wilson
  • 1947 George Kenneth Butterfield, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from North Carolina, born in Wilson, North Carolina
  • 1948 Frank William Abagnale, Jr., American con artist turned security consultant, born in Bronxville, New York
  • 1948 Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician, leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
  • 1951 Jim Justice, American businessman and politician, Governor of West Virginia (2017-), born in Charleston, West Virginia
  • 1952 Larry Elder, American political commentator, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1953 Ellen S. Baker, American physician and NASA astronaut (STS 34, 50, 71), born in Fayetteville, North Carolina
  • 1958 David Barnes, New Zealand sailor (470 world champion 1981, 83, 84), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 2020)

Person of interestWillem-Alexander

1967 Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands (2013-present), born in Utrecht, Netherlands

King of the Netherlands Willem-Alexander
King of the Netherlands
  • 1969 Cory Booker, American politician, 36th Mayor of Newark (2006-13), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1975 Rabih Abdullah, American National Football League player, born in Martinsville, Virginia
  • 1980 Talitha Cummins, Australian journalist (Seven News Brisbane), born in Gold Coast, Australia

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1597 Astronomer Johannes Kepler marries widow Barbara Müller

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler

LoveWedding of Interest

1862 Chemist Dmitri Mendeleev (28) weds Feozva Nikitichna Leshcheva at Nikolaev Engineering Institute's church in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev

LoveWedding of Interest

1985 Police violence victim Rodney King (20) weds Dennetta Lyles

Victim of Police Violence Rodney King
Victim of Police Violence
Rodney King

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1927 Inventor and electrical engineer Guglielmo Marconi (53) divorces Beatrice O'Brien after 22 years of marriage

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi

Deaths in History

  • 630 King Ardashir III of Persia, Sasanian shah of Iran, dies at 9
  • 1076 Willem, bishop of Utrecht (1054-76), murderer of earl Floris I, dies
  • 1404 Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy (1363-1404), dies at 62

Person of interestFerdinand Magellan

1521 Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese explorer, killed by Filipino natives at 50 while on voyage to circumnavigate the world

  • 1599 Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general, dies at 61
  • 1605 Leo XI, Italian Pope (1605), dies at 69
  • 1613 Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit missionary, dies at 77
  • 1625 Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior, dies at 72
  • 1656 Gerard van Honthorst, Dutch painter, dies at 65
  • 1656 Jan van Goyen, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 60
  • 1682 Theodorus III, Tsar of Russia (1676-82), dies at 21
  • 1694 Johan Georg IV, Elector of Saxony (1691-94), dies at 25
  • 1695 Juana Inés de la Cruz, Mexican philosopher & poet, dies at 44

Person of interestJohn Trenchard

1695 John Trenchard, English radical Whig politician and statesman, dies at 46

English Politician John Trenchard
English Politician
John Trenchard
  • 1702 Jean Bart, French naval commander (Escape out of Plymouth), dies at 51
  • 1782 William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, British politician, dies at 72
  • 1794 William Jones, British orientalist & jurist, dies at 47
  • 1813 Zebulon Pike, American brigadier general & explorer (Pike's Peak), dies in battle at 34
  • 1872 Ion Heliade-Radulescu, Romanian politician & author, dies at 70
  • 1881 Ludwig von Benedek, Austrian general, dies at 76

Person of interestRalph Waldo Emerson

1882 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist & philosopher (Concord Hymn), dies of pneumonia at 78

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • 1886 Henry Hobson Richardson, Romanesque revival architect, dies of Bright's disease at 47
  • 1893 John Murray Corse, American general (Union), dies on his 58th birthday
  • 1893 John Ballance, 14th Prime Minister of New Zealand & the founder of the Liberal Party, dies of intestinal disease after a major surgical operation at 54
  • 1896 Henry Parkes, Australian politician (longest non-consecutive Premier of the Colony of New South Wales), dies at 80
  • 1902 Julius Sterling Morton, American politician (3rd U.S. Secretary of Agriculture) & founder of Arbor Day, dies at 70
  • 1915 John Labatt, Canadian brewer & businessman (Labatt Brewing Company), dies at 76
  • 1932 Hart Crane, American poet (The Bridge), commits suicide at 32 by jumping overboard into the Gulf of Mexico
  • 1936 Frederik August Stoett, Dutch linguist (Dutch Proverbs), dies at 72
  • 1936 Karl Pearson, British statistician (leading founder of the modern field of statistics), dies at 79

Person of interestAntonio Gramsci

1937 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher, dies at 46

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1938 Edmond Rubbens, Belgian minister to Colonies, dies at 44
  • 1941 Penelope Delta, Greek author, dies at 67
  • 1952 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician, dies at 86
  • 1959 Gordon Armstrong, American inventor of the baby incubator, dies at 69
  • 1961 Roy Del Ruth, American director (About Face, Folies Bergere), dies at 67
  • 1962 A. K. Fazlul Huq, Bengali statesman, dies at 88
  • 1964 Georg Britting, German poet, dies at 73
  • 1969 René Barrientos, President of Bolivia, dies at 49

Person of interestKwame Nkrumah

1972 Kwame Nkrumah, 1st Prime Minister of Ghana (1957-60) and 1st President of Ghana (1960-66), dies at 62

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • 1978 Mohammed Daoud Khan, Afghan politician, murdered at 68
  • 1989 Kōnosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (founded Panasonic), dies at 94
  • 1991 Marcus Heeresma, Dutch author (Anna, Son of a Whore), dies at 55
  • 1993 Hans Sahl, German-American anti-Nazi Jewish writer (Tie Exil im Exil), dies at 90
  • 1994 Jerome Lejeune, French physiologist, dies at 67
  • 1994 John Preston, American writer (Gay House, Big Gay Book), dies at 48
  • 1995 Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch writer, dies at 73
  • 1996 William Egan Colby, C.I.A. director, dies at 76
  • 1998 Carlos Castaneda, Peruvian-born American writer & mystic, dies at 72
  • 1998 John Bassett, Canadian publisher & media baron, dies at 47
  • 1998 Dominique Aury, French novelist, dies at 90
  • 2002 George Alec Effinger, American author, dies at 55
  • 2002 Ruth Handler, American toy manufacturer (invented the Barbie doll), dies of cancer at 85
  • 2002 Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, Dutch-Swiss industrialist, dies at 81
  • 2003 Piet Roozenburg, Dutch World champion checker player (1948, 51, 52, 55), dies at 78
  • 2006 Julia Thorne, American writer & ex-wife of John Kerry, dies at 61
  • 2017 Julius Youngner, American virologist, helped develop Salk polio vaccine, dies at 96