On This Day in History for April 27

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 134

  • 1124 David I becomes King of Scots
  • 1296 Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1509 Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II
  • 1518 Treaty of St Truiden: anti-French Trapdoors and Bourgondisch covenant
  • 1522 Battle of Bicocca: a combined French and Venetian force is decisively defeated by a Spanish-Imperial and Papal army
  • 1539 Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (nowadays Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar.
  • 1565 1st Spanish settlement in Philippines forms at Cebu City
  • 1576 Peace of Beaulieu and Paix de Monsieur
  • 1578 Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.
  • 1643 Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez" premieres in Madrid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1646 King Charles I flees Oxford

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1650 The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.
  • 1662 Netherlands & France sign military covenant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1667 Blind and impoverished, John Milton sells the copyright of Paradise Lost for £10

  • 1694 Frederik August I "the Strong" becomes monarch of Saksen
  • 1773 British Parliament passes Tea Act (Boston won't like this)
  • 1805 US Marines attack shores of Tripoli
  • 1813 Americans under General Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
  • 1828 Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park in London opens
  • 1838 Fire destroys half of Charleston
  • 1840 Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by wife of Sir Charles Barry
  • 1841 Imakita Kosen, 1st Zen teacher of D.T. Suzuki, found the awakening
  • 1857 Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
  • 1859 "Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860 Thomas Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 US President Abraham Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus (US Civil War)

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861 West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
  • 1865 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
  • 1865 Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
  • 1874 White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Rutherford B. Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1881 Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
  • 1890 French troops under Capt Archinard occupy Oussebougou, West Sudan
  • 1893 Richard "King Dick" Seddon succeeds John Balance as premier of New Zealand and leader of Liberal Party
  • 1897 Grant's Tomb (famed of song & legend) dedicated
  • 1903 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out, Philadelphia A's win 6-0
  • 1903 Long Island's Jamaica Race Track opens
  • 1904 The Australian Labor Party under Chris Watson becomes the first Labour government in the world
  • 1905 World Exposition opens in Liège
  • 1909 Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
  • 1910 Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights
  • 1910 Louis Botha and James Hertzog establish the moderate nationalists South African Party promising equality of Britons and Boers
  • 1911 Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the United States Senate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Indian passive resistance is suspended when General J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1912 Relief laws in Netherlands replace those of 1854
  • 1914 Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Counterattack launched by Turkish forces under the command of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk against allied troops

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1916 The British renew their assault on the Irish Volunteer position in Mount Street; shelling also sets the buildings on fire
  • 1920 Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
  • 1921 Hadjememaar, [Corn de Gelder] elected in Amsterdam

  • 1922 Fritz Lang's "Dr Mabuse, der Spieler" premieres in Berlin
  • 1922 Yakut ASSR formed in Russian SFSR
  • 1927 Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) created
  • 1931 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)
  • 1933 Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Washington, D.C.
  • 1933 Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership's first shop outside London.
  • 1935 Brussels World Exposition opens
  • 1935 Yanks pull a 1st inning triple-play & beat Philadelphia A's 9-8
  • 1937 1st US social security payment made

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Himmler orders establishment of Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1941 German troops occupy Athens, Greece
  • 1942 Belgian Jews are forced to wear stars
  • 1942 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300
  • 1943 Lou Jansen & Jan Dieters, leaders of the illegal CPN party in Holland, arrested
  • 1943 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Witold Pilecki escapes from Auschwitz after having voluntarily been imprisoned there to gain information about the Holocaust

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • 1945 2nd Republic of Austria forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1945 US 5th army enters Genoa
  • 1945 World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication
  • 1946 1st radar installed aboard a commercial ship
  • 1948 Arab legion attacks Gesher bridge on Jordan River
  • 1950 South Africa passes Group Areas Act segregating races
  • 1953 1st general elections in British Guyana, won by Jagans PPP
  • 1956 Burma Premier U Nu's Volksliga voor Vrijheid loses election
  • 1959 "Today" show goes abroard 1st time (Paris France)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Mao Zedong resigns as Chairman of the PRC after the disastrous failure of the Great Leap Forward

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1959 The last Canadian missionary leaves the People's Republic of China.
  • 1960 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine launched (Tullibee)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 South Korean President Syngman Rhee resigns

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • 1960 Togo (formerly French Togo) declares independence from French administration
  • 1961 NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays
  • 1961 Sierra Leone declares independence from UK
  • 1962 Arnold Wesker's "Chips with Everything" premieres in London
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1963 "Jopie" Pengel forms government in Suriname

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Cuban premier Fidel Castro arrives in Moscow

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1965 RC Duncan patents "Pampers" disposable diaper
  • 1966 Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 2nd cello concert
  • 1967 Expo 67 opens in Montreal, Canada
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 Balt Oriole Tom Phoebus no-hits Boston, 6-0
  • 1968 Congress of Political Party Radicals (PPR) forms in Netherlands
  • 1968 The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) hold a rally to protest the banning of a Republican Easter parade
  • 1971 Curt Flood resigns Senators after 13 games & departs for Denmark
  • 1972 Apollo 16 returns to Earth
  • 1972 NYC Mayor John Lindsey appeals that John Lennon not be deported
  • 1974 Pan Am 707 crashes into mountains of Bali, killing 107
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Birthdays in History

  • 1410 John Van Lannoy, Flemish governor of Holland/Zealand/West Frisia
  • 1593 Mumtaz Mahal, Empress consort of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal as her mausoleum and symbol of his undying love, born in Agra, Mughal Empire (d. 1631)
  • 1650 Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1714)
  • 1701 Charles Emanuel III of Savoy, King of Sardinia, born in Turin (d. 1773)
  • 1718 Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (d. 1790)
  • 1724 Col. Thomas Gardner, a heroic political figure and soldier (d. 1775)
  • 1733 Josef Gottlieb Kölreuter, Sulz am Neckar, German Botanist who pioneered the study of plant hybrids, especially among the tobacco plants
  • 1748 Adamantios Korais, Greek humanist scholar (d. 1833)
  • 1755 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (d. 1836)
  • 1759 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, England, writer and feminist (A Vindication of the Rights of Woman), mother of Mary Shelley, born in London (d. 1797)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1791 Samuel Morse, American inventor (telegraph, Morse code) and painter, born in Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1872)

Inventor Samuel Morse
Samuel Morse
  • 1806 Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, queen of Spain (d. 1878)
  • 1812 William W. Snow, American politician (d. 1886)
  • 1820 Herbert Spencer, Derby England, Victorian philosopher (Social Statics)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1822 Ulysses S. Grant, 18th US president (1869-77) and Union general, born in Point Pleasant, Ohio (d. 1885)

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1828 Gerben Colmjon, Dutch Frisian linguist/publisher
  • 1835 John Murray Corse, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [or 9/27] (d. 1893)
  • 1840 Edward Whymper, 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865)
  • 1848 King Otto I of Bavaria (d. 1916)
  • 1850 Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German general (d. 1921)
  • 1853 Jules Lemaître, French critic and dramatist (d. 1914)
  • 1861 Johan M Skjoldborg, Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte)
  • 1865 Emile Erens, Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)
  • 1875 Andre Baillon, Belgian/French author (Un homme si simple)
  • 1883 Hubert Harrison, St Croix Virgin Island, writer/freedom fighter
  • 1892 Louis Victor de Broglie, French quantum physicist (studied electrons, Nobel Prize 1929), born in Dieppe, France (d. 1987)
  • 1893 Norman Bel Geddes, Adrian Mich, theatrical designer (Rivals, Dead End)
  • 1894 George Petty, WWII Pin-Up Artist (d. 1975)
  • 1896 Wallace Hume Carothers, American chemist and inventor (nylon), born in Burlington, Iowa (d. 1937)
  • 1900 Walter Lantz, animator (Woody Woodpecker's creator)
  • 1903 Frank Belknap Long, American writer (Rim of the Unknown), born in Harlem, Manhattan (d. 1994)
  • 1903 Hans Walter Kosterliz, biochemist
  • 1904 Arthur F Burns, economist/chairman (Federal Reserve Board)
  • 1904 Cecil Day-Lewis, Irish poet (British Poet Laureate 1968-72) and detective writer (Nicholas Blake), born in Ballintubbert, Queen's County (d. 1972)
  • 1904 Ragnar Skrede, Norwegian poet (Lauvfall)
  • 1905 Julian Stryjkowski, Polish journalist and writer known for his radical leftist leanings, born in Stryi, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Mark Alexander Abrams, market researcher
  • 1906 Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (d. 1966)
  • 1909 Muriel C Bradbrook, English writer (That Infidel Place)
  • 1911 Georges Dargaud, French publisher (Astérix, Tintin), born in Paris (d. 1990)
  • 1912 Franz Weyergans, Belgian writer and translator (Les Gens Heureux), born in Seraing, Belgium (d. 1974)
  • 1912 Frederick Rand Weissman, philanthropist
  • 1913 Philip Hauge Abelson, American physicist (d. 2004)
  • 1914 Albert Soboult, French historian
  • 1918 Sten Rudholm, Swedish jurist, member of the Swedish Academy
  • 1919 Walter Ritchie, British sculptor (Man's Struggle), born in Coventry, England (d. 1997)
  • 1920 Edwin Morgan, Scottish poet
  • 1920 Mark Krasnosel'skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (d. 1997)
  • 1922 Jack Klugman, Philadelphia (Oscar-Odd Couple, Quincy, Goodbye Columbus), (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Martin Gray, Polish-born American writer, holocaust survivor
  • 1927 Coretta Scott King, American activist and wife of Martin Luther King Jr., born in Heiberger, Alabama (d. 2006)
  • 1927 John Joseph Moakley, (Rep-D-Massachusetts, 1973- )
  • 1927 Sheila Scott, English aviatrix (d. 1988)
  • 1927 Wesley A Clark, American computer designer (first personal computer - LINC), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2016)
  • 1930 Roelof F "Pik" Botha, South African minister of Foreign affairs
  • 1932 Gian-Carlo Rota, Italian-born mathematician and philosopher (d. 1999)
  • 1938 Earl Anthony, bowler (PBA money champ 1974-6, 1981-3)
  • 1939 Judy Carne, English comedienne (Laugh-In, Love on a Rooftop), born in Northampton, (d. 2015)
  • 1939 Stanislaw Dziwisz, Polish Cardinal
  • 1941 Jennings Michael Burch, American author
  • 1942 Gordon Roddick, English cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop)
  • 1942 Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6, TM-18)
  • 1944 Michael Fish, British TV weatherman
  • 1945 August Wilson, American playwright (Fences, Pulitzer 1987)
  • 1947 George Kenneth Butterfield, American politician
  • 1948 Frank William Abagnale, Jr., con artist turned security consultant.
  • 1948 Amrit Bohra, Nepalese politician
  • 1952 Larry Elder, American political commentator
  • 1953 Ellen L Shulman Baker, MD/astronaut (STS 34, 50, 71), born in Fayetteville, North Carolina
  • 1955 Cora Ann Mahalick, NJ, news anchor (WNYW-TV)
  • 1967 Willem-Alexander CGF, King of the Netherlands (2013-)
  • 1967 Aki Avni, Israeli entertainer
  • 1969 Cory Booker, Mayor of Newark, New Jersey
  • 1969 Darcey Bussell, British ballerina (Strictly Come Dancing), born in London
  • 1975 Rabih Abdullah, former National Football League player
  • 1980 Talitha Cummins, Australian journalist

Weddings in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1862 Chemist Dmitri Mendeleev (28) weds Feozva Nikitichna Leshcheva at Nikolaev Engineering Institute's church in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev

HeartWedding of Interest

1985 Police violence victim Rodney King (20) weds Dennetta Lyles

Victim of Police Violence Rodney King
Victim of Police Violence
Rodney King

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1927 Inventor and electrical engineer Guglielmo Marconi (53) divorces Beatrice O'Brien after 22 years of marriage

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi

Deaths in History

  • 630 King Ardashir III of Persia
  • 1076 Willem, bishop of Utrecht (1054-76), murderer of earl Floris I, dies
  • 1404 Philip, the Stout, Duke of Burgundy, dies at 62

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1521 Ferdinand Magellan, Portuguese explorer, killed by Filipino natives at 50 while on voyage to circumnavigate the world

  • 1599 Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (b. 1538)
  • 1605 Leo XI, [Alessandro O de' Medici], Italian Pope (1605), dies at 69
  • 1613 Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit (b. 1532)
  • 1625 Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (b. 1553)
  • 1656 Gerard van Honthorst, painter, dies at 65
  • 1656 Jan J van Goyen, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 60
  • 1682 Theodorus III, Tsar of Russia (1676-82), dies
  • 1694 Johan Georg IV, elector of Saxony (1691-94), dies at 25
  • 1695 Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, [Asbaje], Mexican poetress/nun, dies at 44

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1695 John Trenchard, English radical Whig politician and statesman, dies at 46

English Politician John Trenchard
English Politician
John Trenchard
  • 1702 Jean Bart, French capt/sea hero (Escape out of Plymouth), dies at 51
  • 1782 William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, English politician (b. 1710)
  • 1794 William Jones, British Orientalist and jurist, dies at 47
  • 1813 Zebulon Pike, American brigadier general and explorer (Pike's Peak), dies in battle at 34
  • 1872 Ion Heliade-Radulescu, Romanian politician/author, dies at 70
  • 1881 Ludwig A Benedek, Austrian general, dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1882 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American poet (Representive Men), dies of pneumonia at 78

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • 1893 John Murray Corse, US general (Union), dies on his 58th birthday
  • 1893 John Ballance, 14th Prime Minister of New Zealand and the founder of the Liberal Party, dies of intestinal disease after a major surgical operation at 54
  • 1896 Henry Parkes, known as the Father of Federation (b. 1815)
  • 1902 Julius Sterling Morton, who started Arbor Day, dies at 72
  • 1915 John Labatt, Canadian brewer and businessman (Labatt Brewing Company), dies at 76
  • 1932 Harold "Heart" Crane, US poet (Bridge), commits suicide at 32
  • 1932 Hart Crane, American poet (The Bridge), dies at 32
  • 1936 Frederik A Stoett, linguist (Dutch Proverbs), dies at 72
  • 1936 Karl Pearson, mathematician, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher/marxist theorist, dies at 46

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1938 Edmond Rubbens, Belgian minister to Colonies, dies at 44
  • 1941 Penelope Delta, Greek author (b. 1874)
  • 1952 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician, dies at 86
  • 1957 Mario A Gianini, creator (maraschino cherry), dies
  • 1959 Gordon Armstrong, inventor (baby incubator), dies
  • 1961 Roy Del Ruth, director (About Face, Folies Bergere), dies at 67
  • 1962 A. K. Fazlul Huq, Bengali statesman (b. 1873)
  • 1964 Georg Britting, writer, dies at 73
  • 1969 René Barrientos, President of Bolivia (b. 1919)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1972 Kwame Nkrumah, 1st Prime Minister of Ghana (1957-60 and 1st President Ghana (1960-66), dies at 62

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • 1973 Libbe de Wal, founder of Humanistic Covenant, dies at 72
  • 1978 Mohammed Daud, premier/president of Afghanistan, murdered
  • 1989 Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (b. 1894)
  • 1991 Marcus Heeresma, writer/poet (Anna, Son of a Whore), dies
  • 1993 Hans Sahl, German American anti-Nazi Jewish writer (Tie Exil im Exil), dies at 90
  • 1994 Jerome Lejeune, physiologist, dies at 69
  • 1994 John Preston, American writer (Gay House, Big Gay Book), dies at 48
  • 1995 Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch writer (b. 1921)
  • 1996 William Egan Colby, cIA Director, dies at 76
  • 1998 Carlos Castaneda, Peruvian-born American writer and mystic, dies at 72
  • 1998 John Bassett, Canadian publisher and media baron (b. 1915)
  • 1998 Dominique Aury, French novelist (b. 1907)
  • 2002 George Alec Effinger, American author (b. 1947)
  • 2002 Ruth Handler, American toy manufacturer (invented the Barbie doll), dies of cancer at 85
  • 2002 Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, Swiss industrialist and art collector (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Julia Thorne, ex-wife of John Kerry (b. 1944)
  • 2017 Julius Youngner, American virologist, helped develop Salk polio vaccine, dies at 96