On This Day in History for April 28

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 112

  • 357 Emperor Constantius II visits Rome
  • 1192 Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne confirmed by election. Killing carried out by Hashshashin.
  • 1202 King Philip II expels King John of England ("Lackland") from France
  • 1253 -May 7th) Utrecht destroyed by fire
  • 1253 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
  • 1376 English parliament demands supervision of royal spending
  • 1503 Battle at Cerignalo: Spanish army under G Cordoba beats France
  • 1521 Treaty of Worms: Emperor Charles names his brother Ferdinand Archduke of Netherlands-Austria
  • 1550 Powers of Dutch inquisition extends
  • 1611 Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, oldest existing university in Asia and largest Catholic university in the world
  • 1635 Virginia Governor John Harvey accused of treason and removed from office
  • 1655 English General-at-Sea Robert Blake (he was never titled Admiral) beats North African pirate fleet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1770 British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • 1788 Maryland becomes 7th state to ratify US constitution
  • 1789 Fletcher Christian leads a mutiny on HMS Bounty against its captain William Bligh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1796 Cease fire of Cherasco between Sardinia and Napoleon Bonaparte

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1804 31 British ships sail up Suriname river demanding transition colony from the Dutch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1818 US President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • 1829 Dutch parliament accepts new press laws
  • 1847 George B. Vashon becomes 1st African American to enter New York State Bar
  • 1848 Slavery abolished in French colonies
  • 1855 1st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston
  • 1881 French troops sent into Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • 1892 1st performance of Antonin Dvorák's overture "Carneval"
  • 1902 Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1. Year Zero occurs at 10:40 AM on this date.
  • 1910 First night air flight by Claude Grahame-White in England
  • 1914 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles, West Virginia
  • 1919 1st jump with US Army Air Corps (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
  • 1920 Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • 1922 WOI (Ames, Iowa) country's 1st licensed educational radio station
  • 1924 119 die in coal mine disaster at Benwood, West Virginia
  • 1925 Kurdish rebels surrender to Turkish army
  • 1925 Netherlands & Great Britain return to gold standard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 Spanish government of Samper forms
  • 1934 Tigers' Goose Goslin grounds into 4 straight double plays
  • 1935 Moscow underground railway opens (81 km long)
  • 1937 1st commercial flight across Pacific operated by Pan Am

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939 Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) Rudolf Höss (not Hess, diferent Nazi) becomes commandant of concentration camp Auschwitz
  • 1941 Last British troops in Greece surrender
  • 1942 German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
  • 1942 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
  • 1942 Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
  • 1943 1st performance of Marc Blitzstein's "Freedom Morning"
  • 1943 German-Italian counter offensive in North Africa
  • 1943 US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara North Tunisia

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1944 Stalin meets Polish US priest S Orlemanski

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1944 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
  • 1945 British commandos attack Elbe & occupy Lauenburg

  • 1945 US 5th army reaches Swiss border

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Thor Heyerdahl & "Kon-Tiki" sail from Peru to Polynesia

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 1949 Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others also killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Mohammad Mosaddegh elected Prime Minister of Iran by the Parliament of Iran (Majlis)

Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh
Prime Minister of Iran
Mohammad Mosaddegh
  • 1952 WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1956 Last French troops leave Vietnam
  • 1956 Reds Frank Robinson hits his 1st of 586 HRs
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1958 Vanguard TV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 US Vice President Richard Nixon begins goodwill tour of Latin America

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1960 Elena Kagan, New York, US Supreme Court Judge
  • 1961 Lt Col Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude
  • 1963 17th Tony Awards: "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" and "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" win
  • 1964 Japan joins the OECD
  • 1965 Lindsey Nelson broadcasts game at Astrodome from a hanging gondola
  • 1965 Richard Helms replaces Marshall S Carter as deputy director of CIA
  • 1965 US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until October 1966
  • 1965 William F Raborn Jr replaces John A McCone as 7th head of CIA

Music concertMusic Concert

1965 Luciano Pavarotti makes his debut at La Scala, Milan in Franco Zeffirelli's production of "La bohème" with Mirella Freni

Operatic Tenor Luciano Pavarotti
Operatic Tenor
Luciano Pavarotti
  • 1966 Cleve ties record with 10th straight win since Opening Day
  • 1966 OCAM, Common Afro-Mauritian Organization forms
  • 1968 11 year-old Mary Bell strangles 4 year-old

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1969 King Crismson with Greg Lake & Ian McDonald debuts
  • 1969 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill resigns and is replaced later by James Chichester-Clark.
  • 1971 Dutch social democratic party/D'66/DS'70 win parliamentary election
  • 1971 Samuel Lee Gravely Jr becomes 1st black admiral in US Navy
  • 1973 Over 6000 Mk. 82 500 pound bombs detonate over 18 hrs in a railyard in northern California. 5500 structures damaged, town of Antelope destroyed, with every building reduced to foundations. Leads to Transportation Safety Act (1974)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 John Lennon appears on "Tonight" & Ringo Starr on "Smother Brothers"

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • 1975 South-Vietnam Gen Duong Van Minh sworn in as president till April 30
  • 1977 Christopher Boyce convicted for selling secrets
  • 1977 Andreas Baader and members of terrorist group the Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof Gang) jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly 2 years in Stuttgart, Germany
  • 1977 The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed.
  • 1980 Cyrus Vance, Carter's US Secretary of State, resigns
  • 1980 Reunion Arena in Dallas opens
  • 1981 Galician current Statute of Autonomy.
  • 1983 Argentine government declares all 15-30,000 missing persons dead
  • 1983 NASA launches Geos-F
  • 1985 Fernando Valenzuela sets record of 41 scoreless inn to start season
  • 1986 Soviet TV news program Vremya announces a nuclear accident at Chernobyl nuclear power station, 2 days after the event
  • 1987 American engineer Ben Linder is killed in an ambush by U.S.-funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.
  • 1988 Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 roof tears off in flight; kills stewardess
  • 1989 Argentina, hit by rocketing inflation, runs out of money
  • 1989 Iran protests sale of "Satanic Verses" by Salman Rushdie
  • 1990 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Dave Ferraro
  • 1990 Last issue of Dutch communist daily De Waarheid (The Truth)
  • 1991 Space Shuttle STS 39 (Discovery 12) launched
  • 1992 Italian President Francesco Cossiga formally resigns

Birthdays in History

  • 32 Marcus Salvius Otho, Roman Emperor (d. 69)
  • 1442 Edward IV, King of England (1461-70, 71-83), born in Rouen, Normandy (d. 1483)
  • 1545 Yi Sun-sin, Korean admiral (d. 1598)
  • 1630 Charles Cotton, English poet (d. 1687)
  • 1686 Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor (d. 1721)
  • 1753 Franz K Achard, German physicist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1758 James Monroe, 5th US President (1817-25), born in Monroe Hall, Virginia (d. 1831)

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • 1765 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician (b. 1834)
  • 1770 Nikita P Panin, Russian diplomat/minister of Foreign affairs
  • 1774 Francis Baily, English Astronomer and describer of "Baily's Beads" during solar eclipse
  • 1795 Charles Sturt, England, explorer (Australia)
  • 1809 Conradus Leemans, Dutch archaeologist
  • 1810 Daniel Ullman, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1892)
  • 1812 Daniel Henry Rucker, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Belleville, New Jersey (d. 1910)
  • 1815 Andrew Jackson Smith, American Major General (Union Army), born in Livingston County, Kentucky (d. 1897)
  • 1819 Ezra Abbot, American Bible scholar (d. 1884)
  • 1825 James Winning McMillan, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Clark County, Kentucky (d. 1903)
  • 1838 Tobias M Carel Asser, Holland, advocate of world law (Nobel 1911)
  • 1842 Louis PMFG of Orleans, earl of Brazil (1870-89)
  • 1846 Johann E Backlund, Swedish astronomer (planets/asteroids)
  • 1864 William F A Ellison, Irish clergyman/director (Armagh Observatory)
  • 1868 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (d. 1908)
  • 1874 Karl Kraus, satirical writer, born in Jičín, Austrian-Hungarian Empire (d. 1936)
  • 1876 Frank Cavanagh, one of football's coaching greats
  • 1879 Edgar Tytgat, Flemish painter/etcher
  • 1879 Franz Arnold, German writer, born in Znin, Prussia (d. 1960)
  • 1882 Alberto Pirelli, Italian industrialist
  • 1886 Erich Salomon, German photographer
  • 1888 Henry DG Crerar, Canadian general (WW I/Italy/Netherland)
  • 1889 Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, premier/dictator Portugal (1932-68)
  • 1889 Karel WFM Doorman, Dutch rear admiral
  • 1892 Joseph Dunninger, American mentalist (Amazing Dunninger), born in NYC, New York
  • 1897 Ye Jianying, Chinese general and politician (d. 1986)
  • 1900 Bruno Apitz, German writer (Nackt unter Wölfen, born in Leipzig (d. 1979)
  • 1900 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud")
  • 1900 Maurice Thorez, secretary-general (French Communist Party)
  • 1902 Johan Borgen, Norwegian author (d. 1979)
  • 1906 Bartholomeus J "Bart" Bok, Dutch/US astronomer (Milky Way)
  • 1906 Pierre [Louis] Boileau, novelist (Vertigo), born in Paris, France
  • 1906 Kurt Gödel, Austrian mathematician (d. 1978)
  • 1908 Arnoud Breeveld, Suriname bishop
  • 1910 Sam Merwin, Jr., American mystery fiction writer (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Lee Falk, American comic strip writer (d. 1999)
  • 1912 Odette Hallowes, British classified agent in France (WWII)
  • 1916 Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile manufacturer, born in Cento, Ferrara (d. 1993)
  • 1917 Joop Waasdorp, Dutch writer (Naked Life)
  • 1917 Robert Woodruff Anderson, New York, writer (Tea & Sympathy, Never Sang for My Father)
  • 1922 Guillaume Jorissen, Flemish politician (Volksunie)
  • 1922 Iser J Koepermann, Russian/US world checkers champ (1958-68, 75-76)
  • 1922 William S Broomfield, (Rep-R-MI, 1956- )
  • 1922 Alistair MacLean, Scottish novelist (d. 1987)
  • 1924 Kenneth David Kaunda, founder/president (Zambia, 1964-91)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 [Nelle] Harper Lee, American author (To Kill a Mockingbird), born in Monroeville Alabama (d. 2016)

Author Harper Lee
Author
Harper Lee
  • 1927 Garfield Weston, English industrial billionaire (Twinings Tea)
  • 1928 Yves Klein, French sculptor/painter
  • 1928 Eugene M. Shoemaker, American planetary scientist and geologist (Shoemaker-Levy comet), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1997)
  • 1930 James Baker, American Secretary of the Treasury (1985-88), Secretary of State (1989-92), born in Houston, Texas
  • 1934 Lois Duncan, American young adult novelist (I Know What You Did Last Summer), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2016)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937 Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq (1979-2003), born in Al-Awja, Iraq (d. 2006)

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
  • 1938 Beverly F Albert, architect
  • 1941 K. Barry Sharpless, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1941 Iryna Zhylenko, Ukrainian poet
  • 1942 Ghislaine Hermanez, architect
  • 1943 John Oliver Creighton, Orange Tx, Capt USN/astronaut (STS 51G, 36, 48)
  • 1944 Elizabeth LeCompte, American theater director
  • 1944 Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Belgian politician
  • 1944 Alice Waters, American chef

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1948 Terry Pratchett, English author of fantasy novels (Discworld), born in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire (d. 2015)

Novelist Terry Pratchett
Novelist
Terry Pratchett
  • 1949 Jerome "Jay" Apt, astronaut (STS 37, 47, 59, 79), born in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1949 Indian Larry, American stuntsman (d. 2004)
  • 1953 Roberto Bolano, Latin American author and poet
  • 1955 Nicky Gumbel, British author and priest
  • 1956 Paul S Lockhart, Amarillo Tx, Major USAF/astronaut
  • 1957 Leopold Eyharts, French cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-26, TM-28/27)
  • 1960 Ian Rankin, Scottish novelist
  • 1960 Joel H. Rosenthal American political scientist
  • 1961 Futoshi Matsunaga, Japanese serial killer
  • 1963 Obiageli Ezekwesili, Nigerian Accountant and World Bank official (#BringBackOurGirls campaign)
  • 1964 Helen Taylor [Windsor], English daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, born in Iver
  • 1964 Mark Steven Robinson, American director
  • 1964 L'Wren Scott [Laura Bambrough], American fashion designer and partner of Mick Jagger, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2014)
  • 1972 Michelle Menzies, Barrie Ont, Canadian ice pairs (1995, 96 Can champs)
  • 1973 Ian Murdock, German-born American computer programmer (Debian project, Progeny Linux Systems), born in Konstanz, West Germany (d. 2015)
  • 1974 Vernon Kay, British TV/radio presenter
  • 1977 Derrick Wayne Frazier, American convicted murderer (d. 2006)
  • 1982 Nikki Grahame, Big Brother 7 Star

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1774 Chief justice John Jay (28) weds Sarah Van Brugh Livingston (17)

Ist US Chief Justice John Jay
Ist US Chief Justice
John Jay

HeartWedding of Interest

1886 Painter Paul Cézanne (47) weds Marie-Hortense Fiquet (36)

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne

HeartWedding of Interest

1903 Newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst (40) weds Millicent Veronica Willson (21) in New York City

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • 1938 King Zog of Albania marries Countess Geraldine of Hungary

HeartWedding of Interest

1950 King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand marries Mon Rajawongse Sirikit at Sra Pathum Palace after a quiet engagement in Lausanne, Switzerland July 19, 1949.

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej

HeartWedding of Interest

1967 Media proprietor Rupert Murdoch (36) weds journalist Anna Torv (22)

Media Mogul Rupert Murdoch
Media Mogul
Rupert Murdoch

HeartWedding of Interest

1968 Business magnate Alan Sugar (21) weds hairdresser Ann Simons in Great Portland Street Synagogue

Computer Entrepreneur Alan Sugar
Computer Entrepreneur
Alan Sugar

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1994 Lisa Marie Presley separates from Danny Keough

Princess of Rock and Roll Lisa Marie Presley
Princess of Rock and Roll
Lisa Marie Presley

Deaths in History

  • 1089 Dirk de Grote, bishop of Verdun/Basel/archbishop of Trier, dies
  • 1109 Hugo van Cluny, 6th abbott of Cluny/saint, dies
  • 1192 Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem (b. mid 1140s)
  • 1498 Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, English politician
  • 1533 Nicholas West, English bishop and diplomat (b. 1461)
  • 1716 Louis de Montfort, French catholic priest (b. 1673)
  • 1726 Thomas Pitt, British Governor of Madras (b. 1653)
  • 1741 Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General and statesman (b. 1668)
  • 1754 Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Italian Rococo painter of religious subjects and genre scenes (Fortune Teller), dies at 72
  • 1772 Johann Friedrich Struensee, physician of Christian VII of Denmark (b. 1737)
  • 1781 Cornelius Harnett, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1723)
  • 1813 Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (b. 1745)
  • 1816 Johann Heinrich Abicht, German philosopher (b. 1862)
  • 1841 Peter Chanel, French saint (b. 1803)
  • 1843 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (rights of Wallace), dies
  • 1853 Ludwig Tieck, German writer, dies at 79
  • 1858 Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (b. 1801)
  • 1865 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born British shipping magnate (b. 1787)
  • 1873 A Manzoni, writer, dies at 88
  • 1881 Robert W Ollinger, American warden and the last victim of Billy the Kid, dies
  • 1896 Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian, dies
  • 1905 Fitzhugh Lee, American Confederate general (b. 1835)
  • 1918 Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian-Serb assassin of Archduke Ferdinand, dies at 23
  • 1936 Faud, King of Egypt (1922-36), dies at 68
  • 1944 Frank Knox, U.S. Vice-Presidential candidate (b. 1874)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945 Benito Mussolini [Il Duce], Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), shot by communist partisans at 61

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1945 Claretta Petacci, mistress of Mussolini, executed
  • 1945 Hans Bloesch, writer, dies
  • 1945 Roberto Farinacci, Italian fascist (b. 1892)
  • 1946 Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (b. 1870)
  • 1949 Aurora Quezon, First Lady of the Philippines (shot) (b. 1888)
  • 1954 Léon Jouhaux, French labor leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1879)
  • 1955 Lode Cantens, Flemish playwrite (Gnomes of the City), dies at 43
  • 1957 Heinz "Pritzl" Bär, German fighter pilot (b. 1913)
  • 1960 Anton Pancake, astronomer/marxist theorist, dies at 87
  • 1964 Rolf de Maré, Swedish art collector (b. 1888)
  • 1965 Ferdinand Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer/writer (Character), dies at 80
  • 1975 Jan A de Jonge, Dutch historian, dies at 48
  • 1976 Eugen Roth, German poet, dies at 81
  • 1984 Glen H Taylor, US senator/VP candidate (1948), dies at 80
  • 1984 Silvia A Warner, writer, dies
  • 1987 Ben Linder, development worker, murdered by Contras in Nicaragua
  • 1989 Olaff J de Landell [JB van Sparwoude], Dutch writer, dies at 77
  • 1990 Jean Blazer Baney, entertainer, dies
  • 1991 Floyd B McKissick, US founder (CORE), dies
  • 1991 Steve Broidy, American motion picture executive (b. 1905)
  • 1992 Francis Bacon, Irish/British abstract painter, dies at 82
  • 1992 Iceberg Slim (a.k.a. Robert Beck), African-American writer, dies at 73
  • 1995 Henry C Rogers, press Agent, dies at 81
  • 1996 Henry Clarke, fashion photographer, dies at 75
  • 1996 Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro, politician, dies at 80
  • 1996 William E Colby, director of CIA (1973-76), dies
  • 1997 Susan Seddon Boulet, artist, dies of cancer at 45

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1999 Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist who shared the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physics for his pioneering work with lasers, dies of leukemia at 77

  • 2000 Penelope Fitzgerald, English writer (b. 1916)
  • 2000 Jerzy Einhorn, Polish-Swedish doctor, researcher and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2002 Alexander Lebed, Russian general (b. 1950)
  • 2005 Taraki Sivaram, Tamil journalist of Sri Lanka (b. 1959)
  • 2007 Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, German physicist and philosopher (b. 1912)
  • 2009 Ekaterina Maximova, Russian ballerina (b. 1939)
  • 2016 Jenny Diski, English writer (Stranger on a Train), dies of cancer at 68
  • 2016 Conrad Burns, US politician (Senate-R-Montana 1989-2007), dies at 81