On This Day

On This Day in History for April 28

Events in History

  • 357 Emperor Constantius II visits Rome
  • 1180 Philip II of France (14) marries first wife Isabella of Hainault (10) at Bapaume
  • 1192 Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne confirmed by election. Killing carried out by Hashshashin.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1202 King Philip II expels King John of England ("Lackland") from France

King of England King John
King of England
King John
  • 1253 -May 7th) Utrecht destroyed by fire
  • 1253 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
  • 1376 English parliament demands supervision of royal spending
  • 1376 English "Good Parliament" begins meeting in London, will sit till 10th July, then the longest-sitting English parliament
  • 1503 Battle at Cerignalo: Spanish army under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba defeats a French force led by Louis d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours
  • 1521 Treaty of Worms: Emperor Charles names his brother Ferdinand Archduke of Netherlands-Austria
  • 1550 Powers of Dutch inquisition extends
  • 1611 Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, oldest existing university in Asia and largest Catholic university in the world
  • 1635 Virginia Governor John Harvey accused of treason and removed from office
  • 1655 English General-at-Sea Robert Blake (he was never titled Admiral) beats North African pirate fleet

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1770 British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks

USAConstitution of the United States

1788 Maryland becomes 7th state to ratify US constitution

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Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
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Mutiny On The BountyMutiny On The Bounty

1789 Fletcher Christian leads a mutiny on HMS Bounty against its captain William Bligh in the South Pacific

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Captain Bligh (Trevor Howard) faces mutineer Fletcher Christian (Marlon Brando) in the 1962 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film Mutiny On The Bounty
Captain Bligh (Trevor Howard) faces mutineer Fletcher Christian (Marlon Brando) in the 1962 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film Mutiny On The Bounty
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1796 Cease fire of Cherasco between Sardinia and Napoleon Bonaparte

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1804 31 British ships sail up Suriname river demanding transition colony from the Dutch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1818 US President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • 1829 Dutch parliament accepts new press laws
  • 1847 George B. Vashon becomes 1st African American to enter New York State Bar
  • 1848 Slavery abolished in French colonies
  • 1855 1st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston
  • 1881 French troops sent into Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Lincoln, New Mexico

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • 1902 Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1 Year Zero occurs at 10:40 AM on this date

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 First night air flight by Claude Grahame-White in England

Aviation Pioneer Claude Grahame-White
Aviation Pioneer
Claude Grahame-White
  • 1914 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles, West Virginia
  • 1919 1st jump with US Army Air Corps (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
  • 1920 Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • 1922 WOI (Ames, Iowa) country's 1st licensed educational radio station
  • 1924 119 die in coal mine disaster at Benwood, West Virginia
  • 1925 Kurdish rebels surrender to Turkish army
  • 1925 Netherlands & Great Britain return to gold standard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 Spanish government of Samper forms
  • 1934 Tigers' Goose Goslin grounds into 4 straight double plays
  • 1935 Moscow underground railway opens (81 km long)
  • 1937 1st commercial flight across Pacific operated by Pan Am

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939 Adolf Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) Rudolf Höss (not Hess, different Nazi) becomes commandant of concentration camp Auschwitz
  • 1941 Last British troops in Greece surrender
  • 1942 German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
  • 1942 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
  • 1942 Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
  • 1943 German-Italian counter offensive in North Africa
  • 1943 US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara, North Tunisia

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1944 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meets Polish-American priest Stanislaus Orlemanski in Moscow to discuss religion and the future of post-war Poland

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1944 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
  • 1945 British commandos attack Elbe & occupy Lauenburg
  • 1945 US 5th army reaches Swiss border

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Thor Heyerdahl and the crew of the "Kon-Tiki" sail from Peru to Polynesia

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 1949 Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others also killed

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1951 Mohammad Mosaddegh elected Prime Minister of Iran by the Parliament of Iran (Majlis)

Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh
Prime Minister of Iran
Mohammad Mosaddegh
  • 1952 WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1956 Last French troops leave Vietnam
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1958 Vanguard TV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 US Vice President Richard Nixon begins goodwill tour of Latin America

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1961 Lt Col Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude
  • 1963 17th Tony Awards: "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" and "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" win
  • 1964 Japan joins the OECD
  • 1965 Richard Helms replaces Marshall S Carter as deputy director of CIA
  • 1965 US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until October 1966
  • 1965 William F Raborn Jr replaces John A McCone as 7th head of CIA
  • 1966 Cleve ties record with 10th straight win since Opening Day
  • 1966 OCAM, Common Afro-Mauritian Organization forms

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1967 The Douglas Aircraft Company behind schedule with deliveries of the DC-8 and DC-9 and close to bankruptcy agrees to merge with the McDonnell Aircraft Corporation to form McDonnell Douglas

Aviation Pioneer Donald Wills Douglas
Aviation Pioneer
Donald Wills Douglas
  • 1968 11 year-old Mary Bell strangles 4 year-old

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1969 King Crismson with Greg Lake & Ian McDonald debuts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill resigns and is replaced later by James Chichester-Clark.

Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill
Northern Ireland Prime Minister
Terence O'Neill
Prime Minister of Northern Ireland James Chichester-Clark
Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
James Chichester-Clark
  • 1971 Dutch social democratic party/D'66/DS'70 win parliamentary election
  • 1971 Samuel Lee Gravely Jr becomes 1st black admiral in US Navy
  • 1973 Over 6000 Mk. 82 500 pound bombs detonate over 18 hrs in a railyard in northern California. 5500 structures damaged, town of Antelope destroyed, with every building reduced to foundations. Leads to Transportation Safety Act (1974)
  • 1975 South-Vietnam Gen Duong Van Minh sworn in as president till April 30
  • 1977 Christopher Boyce convicted for selling secrets

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Andreas Baader and members of terrorist group the Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof Gang) jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly 2 years in Stuttgart, Germany

Red Army Faction Leader Andreas Baader
Red Army Faction Leader
Andreas Baader
  • 1977 The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed.
  • 1980 Cyrus Vance, Carter's US Secretary of State, resigns
  • 1980 Reunion Arena in Dallas opens
  • 1981 Galician current Statute of Autonomy.
  • 1983 Argentine government declares all 15-30,000 missing persons dead
  • 1983 NASA launches Geos-F
  • 1987 American engineer Ben Linder is killed in an ambush by U.S.-funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.
  • 1988 Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 roof tears off in flight; kills stewardess
  • 1989 Argentina, hit by rocketing inflation, runs out of money

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Iran protests sale of "Satanic Verses" by Salman Rushdie

Novelist Salman Rushdie
Salman Rushdie
  • 1990 Professional Bowlers Association Tournament of Champions: Dave Ferraro beats Tony Westlake, 226–203
  • 1990 Last issue of Dutch communist daily De Waarheid (The Truth)
  • 1991 Space Shuttle STS 39 (Discovery 12) launched
  • 1992 Italian President Francesco Cossiga formally resigns
  • 1993 Carlo Ciampi forms Italian government with ex-communists

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Aldrich Ames, former CIA officer and his wife Rosario plead guilty to spying for the Soviet Union and Russia

Soviet Union Spy Aldrich Ames
Soviet Union Spy
Aldrich Ames
  • 1994 Freddy Thielemans sworn in as Mayor of Brussels, Belgium
  • 1995 Gas explosion in South Korean metro, 103 die
  • 1995 Sri Lankaan BAE748 crashes at Palaly, 52 die
  • 1996 In Australia's worst massacre in modern history, Martin Bryant shoots and kills 35 in Port Arthur, Tasmania. Leads to a compulsory gun buy back program and major changes to gun control laws.

Birthdays in History

  • 32 Marcus Salvius Otho, Roman Emperor, born in Ferentium, Italy (d. 69)

Person of interestEdward IV

1442 Edward IV, King of England (1461-70, 71-83), born in Rouen, Normandy (d. 1483)

King of England Edward IV
King of England
Edward IV
  • 1545 Yi Sun-sin, Korean Naval Commander, born in Hanseong, South Korea (d. 1598)
  • 1630 Charles Cotton, English poet and writer, born in Alstonefield, Staffordshire, England (d. 1687)
  • 1686 Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor, born in Klášterec nad Ohří, Czech Republic (d. 1721)
  • 1753 Franz K Achard, German physicist and chemist, born in Berlin (d. 1821)

Person of interestJames Monroe

1758 James Monroe, 5th US President (1817-25), born in Monroe Hall, Virginia (d. 1831)

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • 1765 Sylvestre François Lacroix, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1843)
  • 1770 Nikita P Panin, Russian diplomat and minister of Foreign affairs, born in Kharkiv, Ukraine (d. 1837)
  • 1774 Francis Baily, English astronomer and describer of "Baily's Beads" during solar eclipse, born in Newbury, Berkshire, England (d. 1844)
  • 1795 Charles Sturt, English explorer (Australia), born in Bengal, British India (d. 1869)
  • 1810 Daniel Ullman, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1892)
  • 1812 Daniel Henry Rucker, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Belleville, New Jersey (d. 1910)
  • 1815 Andrew Jackson Smith, American Major General (Union Army), born in Livingston County, Kentucky (d. 1897)
  • 1819 Ezra Abbot, American Bible scholar, born in Jackson, Maine (d. 1884)
  • 1825 James Winning McMillan, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Clark County, Kentucky (d. 1903)
  • 1838 Tobias Asser, Dutch advocate of world law (Nobel 1911), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1913)
  • 1842 Gaston of Orleans, Count of Eu, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France (d. 1922)
  • 1846 Johann Oskar Backlund, Swedish-Russian astronomer (planets/asteroids), born in Länghem, Sweden (d. 1916)
  • 1864 William Frederick Archdall Ellison, Irish clergyman and director (Armagh Observatory)
  • 1865 Charles W. Woodworth, American entomologist, born in Champaign, Illinois (d. 1940)
  • 1868 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (Voronoi diagram), born in Zhuravki, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1908)
  • 1874 Karl Kraus, Austrian satirical writer, born in Jičín, Austrian-Hungarian Empire (d. 1936)
  • 1879 Edgard Tytgat, Flemish painter and etcher, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1954)
  • 1879 Franz Arnold, German writer, born in Znin, Prussia (d. 1960)
  • 1882 Alberto Pirelli, Italian industrialist, born in Milano, Italy (d. 1971)
  • 1886 Erich Salomon, German photographer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1944)

Person of interestHarry Crerar

1888 Harry Crerar, Canadian WWI and WWII general (First Canadian Army), born in Hamilton, Ontario (d. 1965)

Canadian WWII General Harry Crerar
Canadian WWII General
Harry Crerar
  • 1889 António de Oliveira Salazar, Dictator of Portugal (1932-68) who founded and controlled the Estado Novo (New State), born in Vimieiro, Santa Comba Dão, Portugal (d. 1970)
  • 1889 Karel Doorman, Dutch rear admiral (Java Sea), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • 1892 Joseph Dunninger, American mentalist (Amazing Dunninger), born in NYC, New York
  • 1897 Ye Jianying, Chinese communist general and politician (Head of State of the People's Republic of China 1978-83), born in Jiaying, Guangdong, Qing Empire (d. 1986)
  • 1898 Grantley Herbert Adams, Premier of Barbados (1953-58) and Prime Minister of the West Indies Federation (1958-62), born in St. Michael, British Windward Islands (d. 1971)
  • 1900 Bruno Apitz, German writer (Nackt unter Wölfen, born in Leipzig (d. 1979)
  • 1900 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud"), born in Franeker, Friesland (d. 1992)
  • 1900 Maurice Thorez, French politician and secretary-general (French Communist Party), born in Noyelles-Godault, Pas-de-Calais, France (d. 1964)
  • 1902 Johan Borgen, Norwegian author (Lillelord), born in Kristiana, Norway (d. 1979)
  • 1906 Bart [Bartholomeus Jan] Bok, Dutch-American astronomer (Milky Way), born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • 1906 Pierre Boileau, French novelist (Vertigo), born in Paris, France (d. 1989)
  • 1906 Kurt Gödel, Austrian-American mathematician (Gödel's incompleteness theorems), born in Brünn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1978)
  • 1906 Tony "Big Tuna" Accardo, American mobster (St Valentine's Day) and boss of the Chicago Outfit, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1992)
  • 1910 Sam Merwin, Jr., American mystery fiction writer, born in Plainfield, New Jersey (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Lee Falk, American comic strip writer (The Phantom), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1999)
  • 1912 Odette Hallowes, British classified agent in France (WWII), born in Amiens, France (d. 1995)
  • 1916 Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian auto-designer (Lamborghini), born in Cento, Ferrara (d. 1993)
  • 1917 Joop Waasdorp, Dutch writer (Naked Life), born in Amsterdam (d. 1988)
  • 1917 Robert Anderson, American writer (Tea & Sympathy, I Never Sang for My Father), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2009)
  • 1922 William Broomfield, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan), born in Royal Oak, Michigan (d. 2019)
  • 1922 Alistair MacLean, Scottish novelist (The Guns of Navarone), born in Shettleston, Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1987)
  • 1924 Kenneth Kaunda, 1st President of Zambia (1964-91), born in Chinsali, Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) (d. 2021)

Person of interestHarper Lee

1926 [Nelle] Harper Lee, American author (To Kill a Mockingbird), born in Monroeville Alabama (d. 2016)

Author Harper Lee
Harper Lee
  • 1927 Garry [Garfield Howard] Weston, English industrial billionaire (Twinings Tea)
  • 1928 Yves Klein, French sculptor and painter, born in Nice, France (d. 1962)
  • 1928 Eugene M. Shoemaker, American planetary scientist and geologist (Shoemaker-Levy comet), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1997)
  • 1930 James Baker, American Secretary of the Treasury (1985-88), Secretary of State (1989-92), born in Houston, Texas
  • 1934 Lois Duncan, American young adult novelist (I Know What You Did Last Summer), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2016)

Person of interestSaddam Hussein

1937 Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq (1979-2003), born in Al-Awja, Iraq (d. 2006)

Iraqi President and Dictator Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President and Dictator
Saddam Hussein
  • 1941 K. Barry Sharpless, American chemist (Nobel 2001-developing the first chiral catalysts), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1941 Iryna Zhylenko, Ukrainian poet (An Evening Party in an Old Winery), born in Kyiv, Ukraine
  • 1943 John Oliver Creighton, NASA astronaut (STS 51G, 36, 48), born in Orange, Texas
  • 1944 Elizabeth LeCompte, American theater director (founding member of The Wooster Group), born in New Jersey
  • 1944 Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Belgian politician
  • 1944 Alice Waters, American chef

Person of interestTerry Pratchett

1948 Terry Pratchett, English author of fantasy novels (Discworld), born in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire (d. 2015)

Novelist Terry Pratchett
Terry Pratchett
  • 1949 Jerome "Jay" Apt, astronaut (STS 37, 47, 59, 79), born in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1949 Indian Larry, American stuntsman (d. 2004)
  • 1953 Roberto Bolano, Latin American author and poet
  • 1955 Nicky Gumbel, British author and priest
  • 1956 Paul S Lockhart, Amarillo Tx, Major USAF/astronaut
  • 1957 Leopold Eyharts, French cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-26, TM-28/27)
  • 1958 Doris de Agostini-Rossetti, Swiss alpine skier (Downhill World Cup 1982/1983), born in Airolo, Ticino, Switzerland (d. 2020)
  • 1960 Ian Rankin, Scottish novelist
  • 1960 Joel H. Rosenthal American political scientist
  • 1960 Elena Kagan, American Supreme Court Judge (2010-), born in NYC, New York
  • 1961 Futoshi Matsunaga, Japanese serial killer
  • 1963 Obiageli Ezekwesili, Nigerian Accountant and World Bank official (#BringBackOurGirls campaign)
  • 1964 Helen Taylor [Windsor], English daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, born in Iver
  • 1964 Mark Steven Robinson, American director
  • 1964 L'Wren Scott [Laura Bambrough], American fashion designer and partner of Mick Jagger, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2014)
  • 1973 Ian Murdock, German-born American computer programmer (Debian project, Progeny Linux Systems), born in Konstanz, West Germany (d. 2015)
  • 1974 Vernon Kay, British TV/radio presenter
  • 1977 Derrick Wayne Frazier, American convicted murderer (d. 2006)
  • 1982 Nikki Grahame, Big Brother 7 Star

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1774 Chief Justice John Jay (28) weds Sarah Van Brugh Livingston (17)

1st US Chief Justice John Jay
1st US Chief Justice
John Jay

LoveWedding of Interest

1886 Painter Paul Cézanne (47) weds Marie-Hortense Fiquet (36)

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne

LoveWedding of Interest

1903 Newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst (40) weds Millicent Veronica Willson (21) in New York City

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • 1938 King Zog of Albania marries Countess Geraldine of Hungary

LoveWedding of Interest

1950 King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand marries Mon Rajawongse Sirikit at Sra Pathum Palace after a quiet engagement in Lausanne, Switzerland July 19, 1949.

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej

LoveWedding of Interest

1967 Media proprietor Rupert Murdoch (36) weds journalist Anna Torv (22)

Media Mogul Rupert Murdoch
Media Mogul
Rupert Murdoch

LoveWedding of Interest

1968 Business magnate Alan Sugar (21) weds hairdresser Ann Simons in Great Portland Street Synagogue

Computer Entrepreneur Alan Sugar
Computer Entrepreneur
Alan Sugar

Deaths in History

  • 1109 Saint Hugh of Cluny, 6th abbot of Cluny, dies at 84
  • 1192 Conrad of Montferrat, King of Jerusalem, assassinated at 52
  • 1498 Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, English politician, dies at 40
  • 1533 Nicholas West, English bishop & diplomat, dies at 72
  • 1716 Louis de Montfort, French catholic priest, dies at 43

Person of interestMary Read

1721 Mary Read, English pirate who operated in the Caribbean, dies of a violent fever while in prison and likely still pregnant aged 36

Pirate Mary Read
Mary Read
  • 1726 Thomas Pitt, British merchant & Governor of Madras, dies at 72
  • 1741 Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish general & statesman, dies at 73
  • 1754 Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Italian Rococo painter of religious subjects and genre scenes (Fortune Teller), dies at 72
  • 1772 Johann Friedrich Struensee, German physician of Christian VII of Denmark, dies at 34
  • 1781 Cornelius Harnett, American delegate to the Continental Congress, dies at 58
  • 1813 Mikhail Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (Battle of Borodino), dies at 67
  • 1816 Johann Heinrich Abicht, German philosopher, dies at 53
  • 1841 Peter Chanel, French priest & saint, dies at 37
  • 1843 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (rights of Wallace), dies at 74
  • 1853 Ludwig Tieck, German writer, dies at 79
  • 1858 Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist, dies at 56
  • 1865 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-British shipping magnate & founder (1st regular Atlantic steamship line), dies at 77
  • 1881 Robert Olinger, American warden & the last victim of Billy the Kid, dies at 31
  • 1896 Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian & political writer, dies at 61
  • 1905 Fitzhugh Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army) & 40th Governor of Virginia, dies at 69

Person of interestGavrilo Princip

1918 Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian-Serb assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, dies of tuberculosis at 23

Assassin Gavrilo Princip
Gavrilo Princip
  • 1936 Fuʾād I [Aḥmad Fuʾād Pasha], King of Egypt (1922-36), dies at 68
  • 1944 Frank Knox, American politician (Republican VP candidate 1936), newspaper editor and Secretary of the Navy during World War II, dies at 70

Person of interestBenito Mussolini

1945 Benito Mussolini [Il Duce], Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), shot by communist partisans at 61

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1945 Claretta Petacci, Italian mistress of Mussolini, executed at 33
  • 1945 Hans Bloesch, Swiss author, dies at 67
  • 1945 Roberto Farinacci, Italian fascist, dies at 52
  • 1946 Louis Bachelier, French mathematician, dies at 76
  • 1949 Aurora Quezon, First Lady of the Philippines, assassinated at 61
  • 1954 Léon Jouhaux, French socialist & co-founder UN's ILO (Nobel 1951), dies at 74
  • 1955 Lode Cantens, Flemish playwright (Gnomes of the City), dies at 43
  • 1957 Heinz Bär, German fighter pilot, dies at 43
  • 1960 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer & philosopher, dies at 87
  • 1960 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, 19th and 25th President of Chile, dies at 82
  • 1964 Rolf de Maré, Swedish art collector & museum director, dies at 75
  • 1965 Ferdinand Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer & writer (Character), dies at 80
  • 1973 Jacques Maritain, French Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas), dies at 90
  • 1975 Jan A. de Jonge, Dutch historian, dies at 48
  • 1976 Eugen Roth, German poet, dies at 81
  • 1976 Richard Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth), dies at 76
  • 1978 Mohammed Daoud Khan, 1st President of Afghanistan (1973-78) & Prime Minister of Afghanistan (1953-63), dies at 68
  • 1984 Glen H Taylor, American senator, dies at 80
  • 1984 Silvia Ashton-Warner, New Zealand writer, dies at 76
  • 1987 Ben Linder, American engineer, murdered by Contras in Nicaragua at 27
  • 1989 Olaf J. de Landell, Dutch writer, dies at 77
  • 1991 Floyd McKissick, American lawyer & civil rights activist, dies at 69
  • 1991 Steve Broidy, American motion picture executive, dies at 85
  • 1992 Francis Bacon, Irish-British abstract painter (Study for a Pope), dies at 82
  • 1992 Iceberg Slim [Robert Beck], African-American writer, dies at 73
  • 1995 Henry C. Rogers, American publicist, dies at 81
  • 1996 Henry Clarke, American fashion photographer, dies at 78
  • 1996 Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro, Guatemalan politician, dies at 80
  • 1996 William Colby, American intelligence officer (CIA Director, 1973-76), dies at 76
  • 1997 Susan Seddon Boulet, American artist, dies of cancer at 45
  • 1997 Ann Lane Petry, American journalist & author (Street), dies at 88

Person of interestArthur Leonard Schawlow

1999 Arthur Leonard Schawlow, American physicist who shared the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physics for his pioneering work with lasers, dies of leukemia at 77

  • 2000 Penelope Fitzgerald, English writer, dies at 83
  • 2000 Jerzy Einhorn, Polish-Swedish doctor, researcher and politician, dies at 74
  • 2002 Alexander Lebed, Russian general, dies at 52
  • 2005 Taraki Sivaram, Tamil journalist of Sri Lanka, dies at 45
  • 2007 Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, German physicist & philosopher, dies at 94
  • 2007 Bertha Wilson, Canadian lawyer & the 1st woman appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada, dies at 83
  • 2012 Matilde Camus, Spanish poet & researcher, dies at 92
  • 2016 Jenny Diski, English writer (Stranger on a Train), dies of cancer at 68
  • 2016 Conrad Burns, American politician (Senate-R-Montana 1989-2007), dies at 81
  • 2021 Michael Collins, American Major General USAF/astronaut (Gemini 10, Apollo 11), dies of cancer at 90 [1]