On This Day in History for April 29

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 131

  • 1091 Battle at Monte Levunium: Emperor Alexius I beats Petshegenes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1429 Joan of Arc arrives at the siege of Orleans

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1522 Emperor Charles V names Frans van Holly inquisitor-general of Netherlands

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1540 Emperor Charles declares all privileges of Ghent ended
  • 1550 Emperor Charles V gives inquisiters additional authority
  • 1553 Flemish woman introduces practice of starching linen into England
  • 1587 Sir Frances Drake sails into Cadiz Spain & sinks Spanish fleet ("singeing the King of Spain's beard")
  • 1623 11 Dutch ships depart for the conquest of Peru
  • 1628 Sweden & Denmark sign defense treaty against Duke of Wallenstein

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1636 Prince Frederick Henry occupies Schenkenschans

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1644 Farm leader Li Zicheng becomes Emperor of China and flees Peking
  • 1648 Beginning of the 18 day battle of Zhovti Vody in Ukraine - Polish King Casimir eventually defeated by Cossacks
  • 1661 Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan
  • 1670 Clemens X [Emilio Bonaventura Altieri] elected Pope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1672 Franco-Dutch War: Louis XIV of France invades the Netherlands.

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1701 Drenthe, Netherlands, adopts Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is May 12, 1701
  • 1706 Emperor Jozef I becomes monarch of Cologne and Bavaria
  • 1707 English and Scottish parliaments accept Act of Union; creates the United Kingdom of Great Britain (comes into being 1st May)
  • 1715 John Flamsteed observes Uranus for 6th time

1stHistoric Invention

1769 Scottish engineer James Watt's patent for a steam engine with a separate condenser enrolled (Patent 913)

Inventor, Engineer and Chemist James Watt
Inventor, Engineer and Chemist
James Watt
  • 1781 French fleet occupies Tobago during American War of Independence
  • 1781 French fleet stops the Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope
  • 1793 Cornerstone laid for Groningen's new town hall
  • 1813 Ist US Rubber patent granted to Jacob F Hummel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834 Charles Darwin's expedition sees top of Andes from Patagonia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1845 Macon B Allen & Robert Morris Jr are 1st African Americans to open a law practice in the US
  • 1852 1st edition of Peter Roget's Thesaurus published
  • 1853 Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth
  • 1857 US Army, Pacific Div HQ permanently forms at Presidio (San Francisco)
  • 1861 Maryland's House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union (US Civil War)
  • 1862 100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Mississippi
  • 1862 New Orleans falls to Union forces during US Civil War
  • 1863 Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern)
  • 1864 -30] Skirmish at Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas
  • 1864 The Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York
  • 1864 Battle of Gate Pa (Pukehinahina): 1,700 British troops suffer their worst defeat of the New Zealand Wars at the hands of 230 entrenched Maori warriors in Tauranga

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 The "Elektromote" - forerunner of the trolleybus - is tested by Werner von Siemens in Berlin

Industrialist and Inventor Werner von Siemens
Industrialist and Inventor
Werner von Siemens
  • 1886 1st public Dutch electricity opens

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1888 Old Kavallison, Congo: Henry Morton Stanley meets Emin Pasha

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1894 The 500-strong Commonwealth of Christ (Coxey's Army) arrives in Washington, D.C., to protest against unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol
  • 1901 Antisemitic riot in Budapest
  • 1902 Congress extends the Chinese Exclusion Act (of 1882) prohibiting immigration of Chinese laborers from territories to the mainland, a rule clearly aimed at Chinese in the Philippines
  • 1903 Limestone slides at Turtle Mountain kill 9 in Frank, Alberta
  • 1905 2" rain falls in 10 mins in Taylor, Texas
  • 1905 Pierre de Brazza lands in Libreville, Gabon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 Ex-US president Theodore Roosevelt visits Amsterdam

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1912 108°F (42°C), Tuguegarao, Philippines (Oceania record)
  • 1912 Frank Wedekind's "Tod und Teufel" premieres in Berlin

Victory in battleEaster Proclamation of 1916

1916 Irish republicans abandon the post office in Dublin and surrender unconditionally, marking the end of the Easter Rising

  • 1918 Tris Speaker ties career outfield record of 4 unassisted double plays
  • 1926 France and US reach accord on repayment of WW I

  • 1927 Construction of Spirit of St Louis (the monoplane which Charles Lindburgh was to fly across the Atlantic) is completed
  • 1930 North Sea floodgate at Ijmuiden (biggest in world) officially opens
  • 1930 Telephone connection Britain-Australia goes into service
  • 1931 Cleveland Indian Wes Ferrell no-hits St Louis Browns, 9-0
  • 1939 Whitestone Bridge connecting the New York boroughs of Bronx and Queens opens
  • 1940 Norwegian King Haakon & government flee to Britain
  • 1940 Robert Sherwood's "There Shall be No Night" premieres in NYC
  • 1942 Japanese troop march into Lashio, cut off Burma Road
  • 1942 Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands & Vichy-France
  • 1943 Dietrich Bonhoeffer arrested by nazis
  • 1943 Noel Coward's "Present Laughter" premieres in London
  • 1943 US 34th Division occupies Hill 609, North Tunisia
  • 1944 Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
  • 1945 First food drop by RAF above Nazi-occupied Holland (Operation Manna)
  • 1945 Japanese army evacuates Rangoon
  • 1945 German armies in Italy sign an unconditional surrender to the Western Allies to be carried out on 2 May
  • 1945 US Army liberates 31,601 in Nazi concentration camp in Dachau, Germany
  • 1945 Venice & Mestre captured by the Allies
  • 1946 28 former Japanese leaders indicted in Tokyo as war criminals
  • 1951 China seizes the assets of the Asiatic Petroleum Company, a joint venture between the Shell and Royal Dutch oil companies in retaliation for the Hong Kong Government's requisitioning of the tanker Yung Hao
  • 1953 Joe Adcock is 1st to homer into Polo Grounds' center field bleachers
  • 1955 Giovanni Gronchi elected third President of Italy
  • 1957 1st military nuclear power plant dedicated at Fort Belvoir, Virginia
  • 1962 16th Tony Awards: "A Man For All Seasons" & "How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying" win
  • 1963 KRE-AM in Berkeley CA changes call letters to KPAT
  • 1964 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1965 Australian government announces it would send troops to Vietnam
  • 1965 Earthquake hits Seattle; 5 die
  • 1965 Malta becomes 18th member of Council of Europe
  • 1967 "Respect" single released by Aretha Franklin (Billboard Song of the Year 1967)
  • 1970 US and South Vietnamese forces launch an incursion into Cambodia, expanding the Vietnam War
  • 1971 Bill Graham closes down Fillmore & Fillmore East
  • 1971 Boeing receives contract for Mariner 10, Mercury exploration
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 US President Richard Nixon said he will release edited tapes made in the White House

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1975 Ethiopia nationalizes all land

Victory in battleThe Fall of Saigon

1975 Vietnam War: US begins to evacuate its citizens from Saigon in Operation Frequent Wind in response to advancing North Vietnamese forces, bringing an end to US involvement in the war

  • 1975 Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge are the last two United States servicemen killed in Vietnam during the Vietnam War
  • 1976 Minister Irene Vorrink begins fluoridating Dutch drinking water
  • 1977 British Aerospace forms
  • 1980 Corazones Unidos Siempre Chi Upsilon Sigma National Latin Sorority Inc. is founded
  • 1981 Peter Sutcliffe admits he is the Yorkshire Ripper (murdered 13 women)
  • 1982 Alfredo Magana elected President of El Salvador

MurderMurder of Interest

1982 American mafia hitman Richard Kuklinski murders pharmacist Paul Hoffman by beating him with a tire iron

Contract Killer Richard Kuklinski
Contract Killer
Richard Kuklinski
  • 1983 Harold Washington sworn in as Chicago's 1st African American mayor
  • 1985 17th space shuttle mission (51-B)-Challenger 7 launched
  • 1985 Ranger Larry Parrish is 5th to hit 3 HRs in a game in both leagues
  • 1986 800,000 books destroyed by fire in Los Angeles Central Library
  • 1987 Japan's premier Nakasone visits the US

Birthdays in History

  • 534 Taliesin, Welsh poet, according to legend in Mabinogion
  • 1665 James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier (d. 1745)
  • 1667 John Arbuthnot, Scottish writer (Alexander Pope)
  • 1686 Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d. 1742)
  • 1745 Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice Supreme Court (1796-1800)
  • 1758 Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero (d. 1820).
  • 1762 Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal (d. 1833)
  • 1780 Charles Nodier, French writer (d. 1844)
  • 1783 David Cox, English painter (Treatise on landscape painting)
  • 1784 Samuel Turell Armstrong, American politician and acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1850)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1803 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), born in Bandel, near Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 1868)

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • 1806 Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austrian physician/philosopher
  • 1815 Abram Duryée, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1890)
  • 1818 Alexander II N Romanov, Tsar of Russia (1855-81)
  • 1830 Adolph Sutro, German American engineer and politician, mayor of San Francisco, built Cliff House, born in Aachen, Prussia (d. 1898)
  • 1837 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician (d. 1891)
  • 1848 Raja Ravi Varma, Indian painter, born in Kilimanoor, Travancore (d. 1906)
  • 1854 Henri Poincaré, French mathematician/astronomer/philosopher
  • 1857 Edouard Rod, France/Swiss writer (Mishel' Tes'e)
  • 1860 Lorado Taft, American sculptor (Black Hawk)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1863 William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1951)

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • 1863 Constantine P. Cavafy, Greek poet (d. 1933)
  • 1863 Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (d. 1922)
  • 1871 Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)
  • 1872 Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1930)
  • 1875 Rafael Sabatini, Italian/British writer (d. 1950)
  • 1876 Zauditu of Ethiopia (d. 1930)
  • 1882 Hendrik N Werkman, painter/printer/resistance fighter (Hot printing)
  • 1885 Egon E Kisch, Czech writer/journalist (Rasende Reporter)
  • 1893 Elisaveta Bagrjana, [Beltsheva], Bulgaria, poet
  • 1893 Harold C Urey, Ind, physicist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934)
  • 1896 Walter Mehring, writer
  • 1901 George Osborne Sayles, historian

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901 Hirohito, 124th Emperor of Japan (1926-89), born in Aoyama Palace, Tokyo (d. 1989)

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
  • 1904 Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate
  • 1907 Fred Zinneman, Austrian director (From Here to Eternity, Julia)
  • 1908 Jack [Stewart] Williamson, American sci-fi author (Cometeers)
  • 1909 Daniel Raphael Mayer, journalist and resistance leader
  • 1910 John Beavan, newspaper editor
  • 1912 Italo Valenti, Italian sculptor
  • 1912 Terence de Vere White, novelist/critic
  • 1921 Cornelis de Jager, Dutch astronomer (Sun)
  • 1922 Parren J Mitchell, (Rep-D-MD, 1971- )
  • 1923 Irvin Kershner, director (Never Say Never Again), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1926 Carie Meek, (Rep-D-Florida)
  • 1927 Betsy Ancker-Johnson, American physicist and auto company executive, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1929 Walter Kempowski, German writer (German Chronicle), born in Rostock (d. 2007)
  • 1929 [John] Jeremy Thorpe, British MP (Liberal)
  • 1931 Aleksei Aleksandrovich Gubarev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 28)
  • 1931 Frank Auerbach, German-born British painter
  • 1932 Yevgeni Alekseyevich Zaikin, Russian cosmonaut (Voshkod 2 backup)
  • 1933 Mark Eyskens, Economist and Prime Minister of Belgium (1981), born in Leuven, Belgium
  • 1934 Pedro Pires, premier (Cape Verde, 1975-91)
  • 1936 Jacob Rothschild, English banker/multi-millionaire
  • 1937 Jill Paton Walsh, English writer
  • 1938 Bernard "Bernie" Madoff, American fraudster and financier (commited largest fraud in US history, born in Queens, New York
  • 1941 Jonah Barrington, British World champion squash player (1966-73)
  • 1944 Benedikte, Danish princess/daughter of Frederik IX
  • 1945 Hugh Hopper, rocker (Soft Machine)
  • 1946 Franc Roddam, director (K2, Bride, Aria, Quadrophenia)
  • 1947 Olavo de Carvalho, Brazilian philosopher
  • 1948 Bruce Cutler, American attorney
  • 1950 Debbie Stabenow, American politician
  • 1952 David Icke, English writer
  • 1953 Nikolai Nikolayevich Budarin, Kirya Russia, cosmonaut (STS 71, TM-27)
  • 1954 Bill Paxon, (Rep-R-New York)
  • 1957 Timothy Treadwell, American bear enthusiast (d. 2003)
  • 1960 Robert J. Sawyer, Canadian writer
  • 1961 Fumihiko Tachiki, Japanese seiyū
  • 1972 Dustin McDaniel, American politician
  • 1973 David Belle, French physical educator
  • 1975 Béres Zoo, Hungarian radio DJ
  • 1993 Aurelia Clasina Lucia Wildeboer, daughter of Pieter & Mirtle
  • 2003 Maud Behn, Princess of Norway
  • 2007 Infanta Sofía of Spain, Princess of Spain

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1885 Novelist Edith Wharton (23) weds Edward Robbins Wharton (35)

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton

HeartWedding of Interest

1945 Adolf Hitler (56) marries Eva Braun (33) in the Führerbunker, Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1964 Princess Irene marries Spanish prince Carel Hugo de Bourbon Parma
  • 1988 Burt Reynolds & Loni Anderson marry

HeartWedding of Interest

2011 Royal wedding of Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Prince William and Catherine [Kate] Middleton held at Westminister Abbey, London

Wife of Prince William Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
Wife of Prince William
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
Duke of Cambridge Prince William
Duke of Cambridge
Prince William

Deaths in History

  • 852 Amalarius/Fortunatus/Symphosius of Metz/Lyon, bishop, dies at 76
  • 926 Burchard II, Duke of Swabia
  • 1380 Catherine of Siena, Italian saint (b. 1347)
  • 1499 John IV, Dutch army leader, Earl of Egmond, dies
  • 1535 John Houghton, English, executed
  • 1594 Thomas Cooper, English bishop, lexicographer, and writer
  • 1630 Agrippa d'Aubigné, French poet (b. 1552)
  • 1658 John Cleveland, English poet (b. 1613)
  • 1676 Michiel A de Ruyter, Dutch rear-admiral, (Newport), killed at 69
  • 1698 Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b. 1655)
  • 1699 Samuel Apostool, vicar/theologist (Zonisten), dies at 50
  • 1707 George Farquhar, Irish dramatist (b. 1678)
  • 1743 Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (b. 1658)
  • 1768 Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist (b. 1694)
  • 1776 Edward Wortley Montagu, English traveler and writer (b. 1713)
  • 1793 Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and Talmudist, dies at 79
  • 1793 John Michell, English scientist (b. 1724)
  • 1798 Nikolaus Poda von Neuhaus, German entomologist (b. 1723)
  • 1841 A Bertrand, writer, dies
  • 1854 Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, English general (b. 1768)
  • 1864 Charles-Julien Brianchon, math (Brianchon's theorem), dies at 80

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1864 Abraham Gesner, Canadian geologist (inventor of kerosene), dies at 66

Physician and Geologist Abraham Gesner
Physician and Geologist
Abraham Gesner
  • 1871 John Gelinde van Blom, Fries notary/author, dies at 75
  • 1903 Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (b. 1835)
  • 1916 Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (b. 1850)
  • 1920 William Henry Seward, Jr., Union Brigadier General in the American Civil War (b. 1839)
  • 1928 Henrich Federer, Swiss writer (I Switch Off The Light), dies at 61
  • 1933 Constantine P. Cavafy, Greek poet (b. 1863)
  • 1936 Florentinus M Wibaut, Amsterdam social alderman, dies at 76
  • 1943 Sidney A K Keyes, English poet (Foreign Gate), dies at 20
  • 1944 Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (b. 1851)
  • 1945 Matthias Kleinheisterkamp, German SS officer (b. 1893)
  • 1947 Irving Fisher, US economist, dies at 80
  • 1951 Ludwig J J Wittgenstein, Austria/English philosopher, dies at 62
  • 1953 Moise Kisling, Polish/French painter (La souris boiteuse), dies at 62
  • 1954 Ernst Heldring, Dutch merchant/ship owner/financier, dies at 82
  • 1964 Albert Saverys, Flemish painter, dies at 77
  • 1967 Anthony Mann, American film actor and director (El Cid, Winchester '73, The Glenn Miller Story), dies from a heart attack at 60
  • 1972 Ntare V, deposed King of Burundi, killed in an abortive coup
  • 1975 Darwin Judge, USMC-corporal, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • 1975 Michael John Shea, USMC-lt/pilot, 1 of last soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • 1975 William Craig Nystul, USMC capt, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • 1979 Hardie Gramatky, American author and animator (b. 1907)
  • 1986 Seamus McElwaine, Irish IRA-terrorist, killed at 25
  • 1991 Claude Gallimard, French publisher, dies
  • 1993 Cy Howard, director (Lovers & Other Strangers), dies at 77
  • 1994 Oscar Sheldon A Williams, artist/critic, dies at 74
  • 1995 Robert Gibb, zoo/theme park creator, dies at 57
  • 1995 Angier Biddle Duke, American diplomat and the youngest American ambassador in history, dies at 79
  • 1996 Jaime Garcia Terre, poet/essayist, dies at 71
  • 1996 Siti Hartinah Suharto, wife of President Suharto of Indonesia, dies at 72
  • 1996 Tony Hymphris, political activist, dies at 45
  • 1997 Mike Royko, columnist, dies of stroke at 64
  • 1997 Peter Tali Coleman, gov of Americ Samoa (1956-61, 78-85, 89-93), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2006 John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (Affluent Society-58 Hillman Award), dies of natural causes at 97

Economist and Author John Kenneth Galbraith
Economist and Author
John Kenneth Galbraith
  • 2007 Ivica Račan, former Prime Minister of Croatia (b. 1944)
  • 2007 Zhang Taofang, Chinese sniper (b. 1931)
  • 2008 Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist, known as the first to synthesize LSD (b. 1906)
  • 2012 Shukri Ghanem, Libyan Prime Minister, dies at 69
  • 2012 Amarillo Slim, American professional poker player, dies at 83
  • 2014 Bob Hoskins, English actor (Who Framed Roger Rabbit), dies from pneumonia at 71
  • 2015 Jean Nidetch, American businesswoman and founder of Weight Watchers, dies at 91