On This Day

On This Day in History for April 3

Events in History

  • 419 [Etalius] ends his reign as Catholic Pope

CrownRoyal Coronation

1043 Edward the Confessor crowned King of England

King of England Edward the Confessor
King of England
Edward the Confessor
  • 1077 The first Parliament of Friuli is created
  • 1312 2nd council of Vienna, Knights Templars suppressed

Battle of InterestBattle of Navarrete

1367 Battle of Navarrete [Nájera], La Rioja, Castile: alliance of King Peter of Castile and the English defeats Count Henry of Castile

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The Battle of Navarrete, fought near Nájera, with John of Gaunt, the Black Prince, and Pedro the Cruel allied (to the left of the image) against Henry II of Castile and the French
The Battle of Navarrete, fought near Nájera, with John of Gaunt, the Black Prince, and Pedro the Cruel allied (to the left of the image) against Henry II of Castile and the French
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  • 1559 Spain & France sign 2nd Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
  • 1582 French van Valois honored as Duke of Gelre, Earl of Zutphen
  • 1645 English Long Parliament passes the Self-Denying Ordinance, limiting regional armies, significant step toward New Model Army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1657 English Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell refuses crown

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1679 Edmond Halley meets Johannes Hevelius in Danzig

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1721 Robert Walpole becomes Britain's 1st Lord of the Treasury - effective Prime Minister, although that term was never officially used (indeed, it was considered an insult) until much later

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • 1764 Austrian Archduke Jozef crowned himself Holy Roman Emperor Josef II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 George Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1783 Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce
  • 1834 The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.
  • 1848 Thomas Douglas becomes 1st public teacher in San Francisco

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1848 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River in Australia

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • 1856 Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes badly damaged by gunpowder explosion, kills 4,000 on island of Rhodes
  • 1860 Pony Express began between St Joseph, Missouri & Sacramento, California
  • 1864 Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
  • 1865 Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1865 Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond & Petersberg, Virginia
  • 1868 A Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever - a 50-foot tidal wave
  • 1882 Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 American outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford at home in St Joseph

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1889 Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1893 1st NSW v Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
  • 1910 Highest mountain in North America, Alaska's Mt McKinley claimed to have been 1st climbed by 4 local men
  • 1911 Harry James Smith's "Mrs Bumsted-Leigh" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail

Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst
Suffragette
Emmeline Pankhurst

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Vladimir Lenin arrives in Petrograd from Switzerland [NS=April 16]

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Alfred Stieglitz opens 1st one-person show of Georgia O'Keeffee's work at 291 art gallery in New York

Painter and Sculptor Georgia O’Keeffe
Painter and Sculptor
Georgia O’Keeffe
Photographer Alfred Stieglitz
Photographer
Alfred Stieglitz
  • 1918 US House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
  • 1919 Austria expels all Habsburgers

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1922 Joseph Stalin is appointed General Secretary of the Russian Communist Party by an ailing Vladimir Lenin

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1925 Great Britain goes back to gold standard

  • 1925 Netherlands & Belgium sign accord of Westerschelde

InventionHistoric Invention

1926 Second flight of a liquid-fueled rocket by Robert Goddard

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1926 Italy establishes corp of force in order to break powerful unions
  • 1927 Interstate Commerce Comm transfers Ohio to Eastern time zone
  • 1929 Persia agrees to Litvinov Pact
  • 1929 RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.
  • 1933 1st airplane flight over Mt Everest
  • 1933 Then longest North American hockey game requires a 1:44:46 overtime as Maple Leaf Ken Doraty scores to beat Canadiens 1-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill warns Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that a German invasion is imminent

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1941 Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
  • 1941 Walton's overture "Scapino" premieres in Chicago
  • 1944 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • 1944 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • 1945 World War II: Dutch city of Hengelo freed from Nazi control by the Canadian Army
  • 1946 Netherlands-German postal relations resume
  • 1948 1st US figure skating championships held

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 US President Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan ($5B aid to 16 European countries)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1948 US female Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1948 US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1951 Christopher Fry's "Sleep of Prisoners" premieres in Oxford
  • 1952 Dutch Queen Juliana speaks to US Congress
  • 1954 Don Perry climbs a 20' rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)
  • 1955 Fire in cinema in Sclessin, Belgium, kills 39
  • 1955 Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1956 Bulgarian vice premier Traitsjo Kostov rehabilitated
  • 1956 German war criminals Hinrichsen, Ruhl, Siebens and Viebahn freed
  • 1956 Hudsonville-Standale Tornado: The western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Samuel Beckett's "Endgame" premieres in London

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Fidel Castro's rebels attacked Havana

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1960 Earthquake at Havre, Belgium
  • 1961 Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia is sold to J Schleifer Properties
  • 1962 Lt General Marshall S Carter, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1964 US & Panama agree to resume diplomatic relations
  • 1965 1st atomic powered spacecraft (snap) launched
  • 1966 Soviet Luna 10 completes its first orbit of the Moon
  • 1966 Tom Seaver signs with the Mets for a reported $50,000 bonus
  • 1967 113 East Europeans attending World Amateur hockey championships in Vienna, ask for political asylum
  • 1968 N Vietnam agrees to meet US reps to set up preliminary peace talks
  • 1968 "Planet of the Apes" United States wide premiere
  • 1969 Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start a policy of "Vietnamization", reducing American involvement
  • 1970 Miriam Hargrave of England passes her drivers test on 40th attempt
  • 1970 As part of a new 'get tough' policy in Northern Ireland, Ian Freeland of the British Army, warned that those throwing petrol bombs could be shot dead
  • 1971 The Temptations score their second US No. 1 with "Just My Imagination (Running Away With Me)"
  • 1973 1st mobile phone call is made in downtown Manhattan, NYC by Motorola employee Martin Cooper to the Bell Labs headquarters in New Jersey
  • 1974 Gold hits record $197 an ounce in Paris
  • 1974 The Super Outbreak: 2nd largest tornado outbreak over 24hr period with 148 confirmed tornadoes in 13 US states, killing approximately 315 people and injuring nearly 5,500
  • 1975 James Rupers kills his family to inherit
  • 1976 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's 1st meeting with US President Jimmy Carter

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1977 Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg adopt summer time
  • 1978 European market & China signs trade agreement
  • 1979 Belgium's Martens government forms
  • 1979 Jane M Byrne (D), elected 1st woman mayor of Chicago, Illinois
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1981 Arnie Boldt of Saskatchewan jumps 6' 8.25," with 1 leg
  • 1981 Race riots in London's Brixton area, England
  • 1982 UN Security Council demanded Argentina withdraw from Falkland Islands
  • 1984 Bombay beat Delhi on 1st innings to win Ranji Trophy
  • 1984 Guinea suspends constitution after coup
  • 1984 Soyuz T-11 carries 3 cosmonauts (1 Indian-Rakesh Sharma) to Salyut 7
  • 1985 French government adopts equal electoral system

Birthdays in History

  • 1151 Igor Svyatoslavich, Ukrainian prince (d. 1202)
  • 1245 Philips III, King of France (1270-85), born in Poissy, France (d. 1285)

Person of interestHenry IV of England

1367 Henry IV of England, King of England and Lord of Ireland (1399-1413), born in Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1413)

King of England and Lord of Ireland Henry IV of England
King of England and Lord of Ireland
Henry IV of England
  • 1438 John III van Egmont, Viceroy of Holland, born in Hattem, Netherlands (d. 1516)
  • 1485 Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius], South Netherland poet
  • 1529 Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer, born in Joachimsthal, Bohemia (d. 1581)
  • 1593 George Herbert, English metaphysical poet (5 Mystical Songs), born in Montgomery, Wales (d. 1633)
  • 1683 Mark Catesby, English naturalist (Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands) (d. 1749)
  • 1693 George Edwards, English naturalist and ornithologist (father of British ornithology), born in Stratford, Essex, England (d. 1773)
  • 1715 John Hanson, Continental Congressman, 1st US President under Articles of Confederation, born in Maryland (d.1783)
  • 1715 William Watson, English physician and scientist, born in London (d. 1787)
  • 1720 Elia van Vilnius [Elijahu ben Salomo Zalman], Latvian rabbi, born in Sialiec, Polish-Lithuanian (d. 1797)
  • 1727 Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt, Flemish painter and engraver, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1801)
  • 1764 John Abernethy, English surgeon, born in London, England (d. 1831)
  • 1769 Christian Günther von Bernstorff, Danish-Prussian statesman and diplomat, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1835)
  • 1770 Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general and leader of the Greek War of Independence (1821-29), born in Ramοvouni, Messenia, Ottoman Empire (d. 1843)

Person of interestWashington Irving

1783 Washington Irving, American writer (Legend of Sleepy Hollow), born in NYC, New York (d. 1859)

Person of interestCharles Wilkes

1798 Charles Wilkes, American Antarctic explorer and naval officer (Union Navy), born in NYC, New York (d. 1877)

Naval Officer and Explorer Charles Wilkes
Naval Officer and Explorer
Charles Wilkes
  • 1806 Ivan Kireyevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher, born in Moscow (d. 1856)
  • 1812 Louisa Maria, Queen of Belgium (1832-50), Wife of Leopold I), born in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1850)
  • 1814 Lorenzo Snow, 5th president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Mantua, Ohio (d. 1901)
  • 1821 T. Pelham Dale, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s, born in Greenwich (d. 1892)
  • 1822 Edward Everett Hale, American clergyman and author (Man without a Country), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1909)

Person of interestBoss Tweed

1823 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed", American politician and corrupt New York fraudster, born in NYC, New York (d. 1878)

Politician and Businessman Boss Tweed
Politician and Businessman
Boss Tweed
  • 1837 John Burroughs, American writer and nature enthusiast (Burroughs Medal namesake), born in Delaware County, New York (d. 1921)
  • 1838 Leon Michel Gambetta, French attorney and 37th Prime Minister of France (1881-82), born in Cahors, Kingdom of France (d. 1882)
  • 1842 Ulric Dahlgren, American Colonel (Union Army), born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)
  • 1858 Matthew Ricketts, 1st African American man elected to Neb State Legislature, born in Henry County, Kentucky (d. 1917)
  • 1860 Frederik Willem van Eeden, Dutch utopian writer (Walden), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1932)
  • 1863 Henry Van de Velde, Flemish painter and architect (Art Nouveau), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1957)

Person of interestJ. B. M. Hertzog

1866 J. B. M. Hertzog [Barry Hertzog], South African General and Prime Minister (1924-39), born in Wellington, South Africa (d. 1942)

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • 1871 Jose Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (El Florilegio), born in Mexico City (d. 1941)
  • 1881 Alcide de Gasperi, 30th Prime Minister of Italy (1945-53), born in Pieve Tesino, Tyrol, Austria-Hungary (d. 1954)
  • 1881 Margaret "Daisy" Ashford, British child author who wrote "The Young Visiters" (Mister Salteena's Plan) aged 9, born in Petersham, Surrey (d. 1972)
  • 1882 Simon Elzinga, Dutch educator
  • 1885 St John Philby, British explorer and Arabist, born in Badulla, British Ceylon (d. 1960)
  • 1885 Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (Mutt and Jeff), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1954)
  • 1893 Princess Maud of Fife, Countess of Southesk, born in East Sheen Lodge, Richmond-upon-Thames (d. 1945)
  • 1896 Douwe Kalma, Dutch literary writer and leader (Young Frisian Movement), born in Boksum, Netherlands (d. 1953)
  • 1898 George Jessel, American toastmaster general and entertainer (Diary of Young Comic), born in NYC, New York (d. 1981)
  • 1898 Henry Luce, American magazine publisher (Time, Fortune, Life), born in Tengchow, China (d. 1967)
  • 1900 Camille Chamoun, President of Lebanon (1952-58), born in Deir el Qamar, Ottoman Empire (d. 1987)
  • 1903 Peter Huchel, German poet, born near Berlin (d. 1981)
  • 1904 Russel Wright, American industrial designer, born in Lebanon, Ohio (d. 1976)
  • 1905 Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (WWII, Korean War & Vietnam War), born in Lexington, North Carolina (d. 1965)
  • 1906 Kathleen Tillotson, Emeritus Professor of English (Bedford College), born in Berwick-upon-Tweed (d. 2001)
  • 1907 Isaac Deutscher, Polish-English historian (Stalin/Trotsky biography), born in Chrzanów, Poland (d. 1967)
  • 1911 Michael Woodruff, English surgeon and scientist (organ transplantation), born in Mill Hill, London (d. 2001)
  • 1911 W. R. Lee, English language teacher and internationalist, born in Hillingdon, Middlesex (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Addeke H Boerma, Dutch economist and general manager (FAO) (d. 1992)
  • 1912 Bert Bakker, Dutch publisher (Free Netherlands), born in Huizum, Netherlands (d. 1969)
  • 1913 F H Tate, vice-CEO (Tate & Lyle)
  • 1913 Per Borten, 18th Prime Minister of Norway (1965-71), born in Flå, Sør-Trøndelag, Norway (d. 2005)
  • 1915 Paul Touvier, French-Nazi WW II criminal, born in Saint-Vincent-sur-Jabron, France (d. 1996)
  • 1915 İhsan Doğramacı, Turkish paediatrician, academic and the founder of YÖK, born in Arbil, Ottoman Empire (d. 2010)
  • 1916 Herb Caen, American columnist (SF Chronicle), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1997)
  • 1916 Robert Jesse Charleston, museum Curator
  • 1919 Duke of Grafton, 11th Duke of Grafton, born in Cape Town (d. 2011)
  • 1920 John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker, alleged Nazi and convicted war criminal (under appeal at death), born in Berdychiv uyezd, Kiev Governorate, Ukrainian People's Republic (d. 2012)
  • 1923 John Smith, English landowner, financier and Philanthropist (National Trust, Landmark Trust), born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1924 Canon A D Caesar, Sub Dean (HM Chapels Royal)
  • 1925 Tony Benn, British politcian, Minister of Technology and President of the Stop the War Coalition, born in Marylebone, London (d. 2014)
  • 1926 Virgil Grissom, US Air Force test pilot and NASA astronaut (Mercury-Redstone 4, Gemini 3, Apollo 1), born in Mitchell, Indiana (d. 1967)
  • 1927 Wesley Brown, 1st African American US Naval Academy graduate, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Dennis Farr, Museum director (Courtauld Institute Galleries) and art historian, born in Luton, Bedfordshire (d. 2006)

Person of interestHelmut Kohl

1930 Helmut Kohl, German chancellor (West Germany, 1982-90, unified Germany, 1990-98), born in Ludwigshafen, Weimar Republic (d. 2017)

German Chancellor Helmut Kohl
German Chancellor
Helmut Kohl
  • 1930 Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator from Florida (1971-89) and Governor of Florida (1991-98), born in Lakeland, Florida (d. 1998)
  • 1930 Max Frankel, American journalist (Tables of Id of Organic Compounds), born in Gera, Germany
  • 1931 Tom Collins, Canadian ice skating promoter (Champions on Ice), born in Kirkland Lake, Ontario (d. 2019)
  • 1932 Janet Bately, Prof of English Language (King's College London)
  • 1932 Martin Nourse, Lord Justice of Appeal of England and Wales (d. 2017)
  • 1933 Bob Dornan, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in NYC, New York

Person of interestJane Goodall

1934 Jane Goodall, British ethologist (studied African chimps), born in London, England

Primatologist and Anthropologist Jane Goodall
Primatologist and Anthropologist
Jane Goodall
  • 1934 John Lelliott, English contractor and multi-millionaire
  • 1935 Jeffery Bowman, CEO (Price Waterhouse Europe)
  • 1936 Reginald Hill, British crime author (Andrew Dalziel and Peter Pascoe novels), born in West Hartlepool, County Durham (d. 2012)
  • 1940 R S Burman, CEO (Association of British Chambers of Commerce)
  • 1943 Doreen Tracey, British-born American performer (Mickey Mouse Club-Mouseketeer), born in St Pancras, London (d. 2018)
  • 1945 Wim Deetman, Dutch politician, Minister of Education, born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1946 Carlos Salinas de Gortari, President of Mexico (1988-94), born in Mexico City
  • 1948 Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, Dutch politician (CDA), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 1948 Arlette Cousture, French-Canadian writer (Les filles de Caleb), born in Saint-Lambert, Quebec, Canada
  • 1952 Mike Moore, American politician and Attorney General of Mississippi, born in Pascagoula, Mississippi
  • 1955 Aleksandr Nikolayevich Yablontsev, Russian lt-colonel and cosmonaut, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2012)
  • 1956 Boris Miljković, Serbian TV and theatre director, writer and lecturer, born in Zagreb, PR Croatia, FPR Yugoslavia
  • 1962 John Thomas Griffith, American rocker (Red Rockers), born in Lubbock, Texas
  • 1964 Nigel Farage, British politician and leader of the UKIP who campaigned for Brexit, born in Downe, Kent
  • 1968 Jamie Hewlett, English illustrator (Tank Girl, Gorillaz), born in Horsham, Sussex, England

Person of interestMellody Hobson

1969 Mellody Hobson, American businesswoman (Chairman of Dreamworks Animation), born in Chicago, Illinois

Chairman of Dreamworks Animation Mellody Hobson
Chairman of Dreamworks Animation
Mellody Hobson
  • 1975 Mickey Beyer Clausen, Danish entrepreneur and philanthropist (Trunk Archive), born in Copenhagen
  • 1982 Kasumi Nakane, Japanese gravure idol, born in Tokyo, Japan

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1920 Novelist and short story writer F. Scott Fitzgerald (23) weds novelist Zelda Sayre (19) at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York

  • 2010 "Love and Theft" country trio Eric Gunderson weds Emily Hagar (24) at sunset on the front porch of the historic Hazel Path mansion in Hendersonville, Tennessee
  • 2014 Who's the Boss actor Danny Pintauro (38) weds partner Wil Tabares in Dana Point, California

Deaths in History

  • 33 Christ, crucified (according to astronomer Humphreys & Waddington)
  • 628 Chosroes II, emperor of Persia (579..628), murdered by his son
  • 963 William III, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 915)
  • 1287 Honorius IV, [Giacomo Savelli], Italian Pope (1285-87), dies
  • 1350 Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1295)
  • 1512 Richard Pafraet, Dutch printer, dies
  • 1525 Giovanni Rucellai, Italian poet (Le Api), dies at 49
  • 1581 Huibert Duifhuis, Roman Catholic pastor (Rotterdam/Utrecht), dies
  • 1606 Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devon, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1680 Shivaji Bhonsle [Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj], Indian warrior and founder of the Maratha Empire, dies of fever and dysentery around the age of 52
  • 1682 Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spanish Baroque painter (The Vision of St. Anthony), dies at about 64
  • 1691 Jean Petitot, Swiss enamel painter (b. 1608)
  • 1694 Ferdinand van Apshoven de Jongere, Flemish painter, buried at 64
  • 1695 Melchior de Hondecoeter, Dutch still life painter, dies at about 58
  • 1717 Jacques Ozanam, French mathematician (b. 1640)
  • 1728 James Anderson, Scottish lawyer (b. 1662)
  • 1747 Francesco Solimena, Italian painter, dies at 89
  • 1769 Gerhard Tersteegen, German evangelist and poet (wrote in blood), dies at 71
  • 1792 George Pocock, British admiral (b. 1706)
  • 1804 Jędrzej Kitowicz, Polish priest (b. 1727/1728)
  • 1811 Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen, Flemish (court)painter, dies at 83
  • 1822 Friedrich Bertuch, writer, dies
  • 1838 Francesco Antommarchi, Napoleon's physician on St Helena, dies at 57
  • 1849 Juliusz Slowacki, Polish poet (Father of the Plague-Patient), dies at 39
  • 1862 James Clark Ross, British Royal Navy explorer (British Antarctic), dies at 61
  • 1876 Henriette Davidis, writer, dies

Person of interestJesse James

1882 Jesse James, American outlaw, shot dead at 34, in St Joseph Mo by Robert Ford

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1884 Carel JCH van Nispen tot Sevenaer, Dutch Cath politician, dies at 59
  • 1917 Arthur Graeme West, British writer and war poet (The Diary of a Dead Officer), killed by a sniper at about 25
  • 1936 Bruno Hauptmann, German kidnapper of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, executed at 36
  • 1941 Pal Teleki-von Szek, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary (1920-21, 39-41), committed suicide at 61
  • 1945 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • 1946 Masaharu Homma, Lt Gen (responsible for Bataan Death March), executed
  • 1950 Carter G. Woodson, American historian (African American studies), dies at 74
  • 1951 Johannes C Kielstra, Dut economist/gov (Suriname 1933-44), dies at 72
  • 1952 Miina Sillanpää, Finnish first female minister and a key figure in the workers' movement, dies at 85
  • 1956 T Kostov, Bulgarian vice-premier, executed
  • 1958 Theodor Kramer, Austrian poet and writer, dies at 61
  • 1960 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist, dies at 87
  • 1965 Ernst Kirchweger, Austrian communist and resistance fighter (born 1897 or 1898)
  • 1966 Russel Crouse, US stagewriter (Life with Father), dies at 73
  • 1966 Battista Farina, Italian automobile designer and founder of Pininfarina company, dies at 72
  • 1971 Joseph Valachi, American gangster, dies at 66
  • 1971 Manfred Bonnington Lee, [Ellery Queen], detective writer, dies at 65
  • 1981 Juan Trippe, American airline pioneer and entrepreneur (Pan Am founder), dies at 81
  • 1981 Leo Kanner, Austrian-American psychiatrist and social activist known for his work related to autism, dies at 86
  • 1982 Herman W Filarski, Dutch bridge journalist, dies at 69
  • 1988 Milton A Caniff, US cartoonist (Terry & the Pirates), dies at 81

Person of interestGraham Greene

1991 Graham Greene, British writer (3rd Man, Our man in Havana), dies at 86

  • 1993 Eduardo Cabellero Calderon, Colombian writer/diplomat, dies at 83
  • 1993 Pinky Lee, American children's show host (Pinky Lee Show), dies of heart attack at 85
  • 1994 Jerome Lejeune, French geneticist (Syndrome of Down), dies at 67
  • 1995 David Herbert, British writer and raconteur, dies at 86
  • 1996 Carl Stokes, 1st African American mayor of a major US city (Cleve), dies
  • 1996 Christopher John Seward, aid worker, dies at 45
  • 1996 Ron Brown, American Secretary of Commerce, dies in an air accident aged 54
  • 1996 Ronald Harmon Brown, American politician (Democratic Party), dies at 54
  • 1998 Mary Cartwright, English mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 2000 Terence McKenna, American writer and philosopher (b. 1946)
  • 2001 Michael Berry, Baron Hartwell, British newspaper proprietor and journalist, dies at 89
  • 2003 Michael Kelly, American journalist (b. 1957)
  • 2007 Marion Eames, Welsh novelist (b. 1921)
  • 2007 Nina Wang, Asia's richest woman (b. 1937)
  • 2010 Eugène Terre'Blanche, South African white supremacist and leader of the far-right Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging, beaten to death over alleged political and racist motivations at 69
  • 2014 Freda Kida, American cartoonist, dies at 93
  • 2014 Tommy Lynn Sells, American serial killer, executed for murder at 49
  • 2015 Sarah Brady, American gun-control activist, dies at 73
  • 2016 Joseph Medicine Crow, Native American chief and historian, dies at 102
  • 2018 David Edgerton, American entrepreneur and founder of Burger King, dies of complications of surgery at 90