On This Day

On This Day in History for April 30

Events in History

  • 311 Roman Emperor Galerius issues Edict of Toleration, ending persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire
  • 313 Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule
  • 711 Islamic conquest of Iberia: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1064 German King Henry IV gives away Utrecht county of West Friesland

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1315 French chamberlain Enguerrand de Marigny is hanged on the public gallows at Montfaucon after being convicted of sorcery
  • 1349 Jewish community of Radolfzell, Germany, exterminated
  • 1396 Crusaders & Earl of Nevers depart from Dijon
  • 1483 Orbital calculations suggest that on this day, Pluto moved inside Neptune's orbit until July 23, 1503

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Christopher Columbus is given royal commission by Spanish monarchs Isabella I and Ferdinand II to equip his fleet to the New World

Queen of Castile Isabella I of Castile
Queen of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1492 Spain announces it will expel all Jews
  • 1506 Philip of Burgundy & England sign trade agreement

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1527 Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France sign the Treaty of Westminster, pledging to combine their forces against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in attempt to win War of the League of Cognac

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
King Francis I of France
Francis I of France
  • 1562 1st French colonists in North America: Jean Ribault & colonists arrive in Florida
  • 1563 Jews are expelled from France by order of Charles VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1616 King James I of England leaves Brielle

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1650 French rebel Henri de la Tour Turenne signs treaty with Spain
  • 1661 Tsjeng Tsj'eng-Kung begins siege of Dutch fort Zeelandia, Formosa
  • 1671 Petar Zrinski, the Croatian Ban from the Zrinski family, is executed.

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1725 Emperor Charles VI & King Philip IV of Spain sign Treaty of Vienna

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • 1748 Ceasefire at Aken ends
  • 1763 Member of Parliament and journalist John Wilkes confined in the Tower of London, charged with seditious libel
  • 1772 John Clais patents 1st scale
  • 1774 Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee for the second time

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

1789 George Washington is inaugurated as the first President of the United States of America

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1790 Colonial troops occupy Bonni's marroon village
  • 1794 The Battle of Boulou is fought, in which French forces defeated the Spanish under General Union.
  • 1798 US Department of the Navy forms

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1803 Chancellor Robert Livingston and James Monroe sign Louisiana Purchase Treaty in Paris at a cost of 15 million dollars, doubles the size of the USA

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • 1804 The New Hague Theater opens in The Hague, the Netherlands
  • 1808 1st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri
  • 1812 (Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state
  • 1838 Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation
  • 1857 San Jose State University forms

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1859 Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is first published in literary periodical "All the Year Round" (weekly installments until Nov 26)

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • 1860 Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 US President Abraham Lincoln orders Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory (US Civil War)

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1862 Swift Run Gap skirmishes in West Virginia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1863 Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia: In a major victory General Robert E. Lee's troops defeat larger Army of the Potomac under Major General Joseph Hooker, Stonewall Jackson is fatally wounded

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1863 -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

  • 1863 Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
  • 1864 Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas; General W R Scurry is killed
  • 1864 New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee
  • 1869 Hawaiian YMCA organized
  • 1871 The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die
  • 1888 1888 Moradabad hailstorm: hail stones allegedly as big as oranges kill 246 people and some 1600 sheep and cattle in Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh
  • 1889 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington's inauguration

InventionScientific Discovery

1897 English physicist and head of the Cavendish laboratory J. J. Thomson announces his discovery of the electron in a lecture to the Royal Institution

Physicist J. J. Thomson
J. J. Thomson
  • 1898 Championship wrestling match at Met turns into a brawl
  • 1900 The "Hawaiian Organic Act" is enacted by US Congress making Hawaii a US territory
  • 1900 Casey Jones dies heroically in a train wreck at Vaughn, Mississippi, while driving Cannonball Express (immortalized in "Ballad of Casey Jones")
  • 1904 Ice cream cone makes its debut at St. Louis World's Fair invented by Ernest A. Hamwi (independently of other claimant Italo Marchiony in NY)
  • 1907 Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes an independent city.
  • 1911 Portugal approves female suffrage
  • 1916 Germany ratifies bill bringing in Daylight Saving Time - first country in the world
  • 1920 The British Government ends military conscription
  • 1921 Pope Benedict XV encyclical "On Dante"
  • 1925 Automaker Dodge Brothers, Inc is sold to Dillon, Read & Company for $146 million plus $50 million for charity
  • 1927 Princess Juliana gets seat in Dutch Council of State
  • 1928 Cherkess Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1957)
  • 1929 Ernst Streeruwitz becomes Chancellor of Austria, lasts less than 5 months
  • 1934 Austria gets "Austrian fascist" constitution
  • 1935 World Congress for Women's Rights concludes in Istanbul
  • 1937 The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative
  • 1939 New York World's Fair opens
  • 1939 Tropicana ballet of Havana, Cuba, forms
  • 1940 Air New Zealand then known as TEAL makes its inaugural flight with a flight from Auckland to Sydney. Later becomes 1st airline in the world to boil hot water in-flight to offer customers hot tea and coffee.
  • 1942 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wisconsin
  • 1943 Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms
  • 1943 Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
  • 1944 NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
  • 1945 Concentration camp Munchen-Allag freed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) calls for crusade against the Bolsheviks

Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist William Joyce
Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist
William Joyce
  • 1945 Red Army occupies Demmin

Victory in BattleRaising a Flag over the Reichstag

1945 Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin

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Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
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  • 1945 Soviet Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp
  • 1945 US troops attack the Elbe
  • 1945 Record 48 U-boats sunk by the Allies this month

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Adolf Hitler commits suicide along with his new wife Eva Braun in the Fuhrerbunker in Berlin as the Red Army captures the city

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1947 Boulder Dam renamed in honor of Herbert Hoover
  • 1948 Org of American States charter signed at Bogota, Colombia
  • 1948 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1953 Little-Bigger League changes its name to Babe Ruth League
  • 1955 Element atomic number 101, Mendelevium, announced
  • 1955 Imperial Bank of India nationalized
  • 1955 West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & higher wages
  • 1961 1st shuttle flights between Washington, D.C., Boston & NYC begin (Eastern)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 75,190 m

Experimental Physicist, Astronaut and NASA Test Pilot Joseph A. Walker
Experimental Physicist, Astronaut and NASA Test Pilot
Joseph A. Walker
  • 1966 Anton LaVey founds the Church of Satan in San Francisco, California

RussiaOstankino Tower

1967 Ostankino Tower, the then highest free-standing structure in the world at 540m is finished in Moscow, Russia

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Ostankino Tower, Moscow
Ostankino Tower, Moscow
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  • 1970 US troops invade Cambodia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 US President Nixon announces the resignation of H. R. Haldeman, Ehrlichman and others

Nixon's White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman
Nixon's White House Chief of Staff
H. R. Haldeman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 US President Richard Nixon hands over partial transcripts of Watergate tape recordings

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1975 North Vietnamese troops capture Saigon, ending the Vietnam War
  • 1976 Royal Canadian Mint opens a branch in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1977 Ron Cey sets record of 29 RBIs in April
  • 1980 Ronald Harwood's play "The Dresser" premieres in London with Freddie Jones and Tom Courtenay
  • 1980 Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London
  • 1980 Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands, abdicates; Princess Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard becomes Queen
  • 1982 Alvaro Magana chosen to succeed Jose N Duarte as President of El Salvador

Birthdays in History

  • 1245 Philip III "the Bold", King of France (1270-85), born in Poissy, France (d. 1285)
  • 1309 Casimir III the Great, King of Poland (1333-70), born in Kowal, Poland (d. 1370)
  • 1553 Louise de Lorraine, Queen consort of France (1575-89), born in Nomeny, Bar, France (d. 1601)
  • 1602 William Lilly, English astrologer, born in Diseworth, Leicestershire, England (d. 1681)
  • 1651 Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French priest and saint of the Catholic Church, born in Reims, Champagne, Kingdom of France (d. 1719)
  • 1662 Mary II, Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (1689-94), born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1694)
  • 1664 François Louis, Prince of Conti, French general, born in Hôtel de Conti, Paris (d. 1709)
  • 1710 Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general, born in Arlon, Province of Luxembourg, Belgium (d. 1795)
  • 1723 Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French zoologist and naturalist (Ornithologie), born in Fontenay-le-Comte (d. 1806)
  • 1743 Robert Jasper van der Capellen, Dutch politician and Master of Marsch, born in Eefde, Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1814)
  • 1767 Jean Henri Appelius, Dutch lawyer and politician (Minister of Finance), born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1828)
  • 1770 David Thompson, English-Canadian explorer (Columbia River), born in Westminster, England (d. 1857)

Person of interestCarl Friedrich Gauss

1777 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1855)

Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss
  • 1790 John Cockerill, English-Belgian industrialist (founded iron, steel, and manufacturing company - John Cockerill & Company), born in Haslingden, Lancs, England (d. 1840)
  • 1797 Andreas Victor Michiels, Dutch military governor of West-Sumatra, Dutch East Indies, born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1849)
  • 1803 Albrecht von Roon, Prussian soldier and statesman (Minister of War), born in Pleushagen, Poland (d. 1879)
  • 1805 William Kerley Strong, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1867)
  • 1812 Kaspar Hauser, German son of grand duke Karel van Bathe (who claimed to have grown up in the total isolation of a darkened cell) (d. 1833)
  • 1823 George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll and Secretary of State for India (1868-74, 1880-85), born in Ardencaple Castle, Dunbartonshire (d. 1900)
  • 1830 Davis Tillson, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1895)
  • 1834 Lord Avebury [John Lubbock], British banker and politician, born in London (d. 1913)
  • 1853 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1912)
  • 1857 Eugen Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (introduced the term schizophrenia to describe the disorder previously known as dementia praecox), born in Zollikon, Switzerland (d. 1940)
  • 1858 Mary Dimmick Harrison, 1st lady (1889-1893) as second wife of the 23rd United States president Benjamin Harrison, born in Honesdale, Pennsylvania (d. 1948)
  • 1864 Frans Netscher, Dutch writer and journalist (Studies of nude model), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • 1864 Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (I Saw Estonia Yesterday), born in Allatzkiwwi, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1913)
  • 1865 Max Nettlau, German anarchist and historian, born in Neuwaldegg, Austria (d. 1944)
  • 1869 Hans Poelzig, German architect (Grosses Schauspielhaus), born in Berlin (d. 1936)
  • 1874 Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian priest and writer (Maria Magdalena - 1928), born in Ardooie, West Flanders, Belgium (d. 1949)
  • 1876 Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist and politician (Minister of Education), born in Augusta, Italy (d. 1937)
  • 1877 Alice B. Toklas, American-Parisian avant-garde and companion of Gertrude Stein, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1967)
  • 1882 Nine van de Schaaf, Dutch author (To the Invisible), born in Terhorne, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • 1888 John Crowe Ransom, American poet and critic (God Without Thunder), born in Pulaski, Tennessee (d. 1974)
  • 1891 Watze Cuperus, Frisian author (Swart mar leaflik), born in Blije, Netherlands (d. 1966)

Person of interestJoachim von Ribbentrop

1893 Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi foreign minister and war criminal, born in Wesel, Rhine Province, German Empire (d. 1946)

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • 1895 Philippe Panneton, Canadian physician, diplomat and writer (Trente arpents), born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec (d. 1960)
  • 1896 Hans List, Austrian scientist and inventor, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1996)
  • 1896 Anandamayi Ma [Nirmala Sundari], Indian spiritual leader, born in Kheora, British India (now Bangladesh)
  • 1901 Simon Kuznets, American economist (Nobel 1971), born in Pinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1985)

Person of interestJohn Peters Humphrey

1905 John Peters Humphrey, Canadian jurist and human rights advocate (Universal Declaration on Human Rights), born in Hampton, New Brunswick (d. 1995)

  • 1908 Bjarni Benediktsson, 13th Prime Minister of Iceland (1963-70), born in Reykjavík, Iceland (d. 1970)
  • 1909 Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands (1948-80), born in Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1909 F. E. McWilliam [Frederick Edward], Northern-Irish surrealist sculptor (Four Seasons Group), born in Banbridge, County Down (d. 1992)
  • 1911 Luise Rinser, German writer (Prison Journal), born in Pitzling, Bavaria (d. 2002)
  • 1912 Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado, Deputy Prime Minister of Spain (1976-81) and Minister of Defense (1977-79), born in Madrid (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Bernard Charles Sendall, deputy director general of British Independent Television Authority (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Edith Fowke, Canadian folklorist, born in Lumsden, Saskatchewan, Canada (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Claude Shannon, American mathematician and information theorist (A Mathematical Theory of Communication), born in Petoskey, Michigan (d. 2001)
  • 1919 Valeer van Kerkhove, Flemish writer (De Bungalow), born in Sleidinge, Belgium (d. 1982)
  • 1920 Tom Moore, English Captain knighted for raising £32 million for the NHS, born in Keighley, England (d. 2021)
  • 1921 Roger L. Easton, American scientist and inventor (GPS), born in Craftsbury, Vermont (d. 2014)
  • 1923 George Byatt, Scottish playwright (The Clyde Is Red) (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Joseph Howze, American Roman Catholic bishop, 1st African American Bishop to be appointed in 20th century, born in Daphne, Alabama (d. 2019)
  • 1926 Edmund Cooper, British sci-fi author (Seed of Light, All Fool's Day), born in Marple, Greater Manchester, England (d. 1982)
  • 1928 Hugh Hood, Canadian author (White Figure, White Ground), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2000)
  • 1930 Raoul de Keyser, Flemish painter, born in Deinze, Belgium (d. 2012)
  • 1931 Bill Clay, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Missouri), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1938 Larry Niven, American sci-fi author (5 Hugo, Neutron Star), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1939 Pieter van Vollenhoven, husband of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, born in Schiedam, Netherlands
  • 1943 Bob Livingston, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana), born in Colorado Springs, Colorado
  • 1943 Frederick Chiluba, 2nd President of Zambia (1991-2001), born in Kitwe, Northern Rhodesia (d. 2011)
  • 1944 Richard Shoff, American rocker (Sandpipers), born in Seattle
  • 1945 Annie Dillard, American writer (An American Childhood), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1945 Claude van de Berge, Flemish writer (Graph Theory), born in Assenede, Belgium
  • 1945 Michael J. Smith, American astronaut (51L-Challenger disaster), born in Beaufort, North Carolina (d. 1986)
  • 1945 Mimi Fariña, American rocker (Reflections in a Crystal Wind), born in Palo Alto, California (d. 2001)
  • 1946 Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (1973- ), born in Haga Palace, Solna, Sweden
  • 1947 Robert Scott, American politician, Rep-D-Virginia (1993-), born in Washington D.C.
  • 1947 Tom Køhlert, Danish former player and Brondby IF coach

Person of interestAntónio Guterres

1949 António Guterres, 114th Prime Minister of Portugal (1995-2002) and 9th Secretary-General of the United Nations (2017-), born in Lisbon, Portugal

PM of Portugal and Secretary-General of the United Nations António Guterres
PM of Portugal and Secretary-General of the United Nations
António Guterres
  • 1952 Tom Pesek, PC programmer (creator of HAL 9000 program)
  • 1955 Dimitra Papandreau, Greece, wife of Greek PM Andreas Papandreau
  • 1955 Nicolas Hulot, French journalist
  • 1957 Duane G Carey, American major USAF/astronaut, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • 1957 Aviva Chomsky, American historian, daughter of Noam Chomsky

Person of interestStephen Harper

1959 Stephen Harper, 22nd Prime Minister of Canada (2006-15), born in Toronto, Ontario

22nd Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper
22nd Prime Minister of Canada
Stephen Harper
  • 1959 W. Thomas Smith, Jr, American author and columnist
  • 1960 Kerry Healey, American politician
  • 1960 David Miscavige, American cult leader

Person of interestTony Fernandes

1964 Tony Fernandes, Malaysian businessman (AirAsia), born in Kuala Lumpur

Entrepreneur Tony Fernandes
Tony Fernandes
  • 1970 Ken Stanton, American Radio Personality
  • 1971 John Boyne, Irish novelist (The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1971 Darren Emerson, English DJ (Underworld)
  • 1977 Jeannie Haddaway, American politician
  • 1987 Nikki Webster, Australian entertainer
  • 1988 Molloko, 1st California condor chick conceived in captivity, born in San Diego Zoo (San Diego, California)

Person of interestJacob Blake

1991 Jacob Blake, African-American man shot multiple times in the back and seriously injured by police officer Rusten Sheskey in Kenosha, Wisconsin, born in Evanston, Illinois

Victim of Police Brutality Jacob Blake
Victim of Police Brutality
Jacob Blake
  • 1997 Ayaan Chawla, Indian entrepreneur

Weddings in History

  • 1290 Joan of Acre (18), daughter of Edward I marries (1) Gilbert de Clare, Duke of Hertford at Westminster Abbey.

LoveWedding of Interest

1937 General Douglas MacArthur (57) marries 2nd wife Jean Faircloth

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur

LoveWedding of Interest

1961 Lee Harvey Oswald marries Marina Prusakova in Minsk USSR

Former Soldier and Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald
Former Soldier and Assassin
Lee Harvey Oswald

Deaths in History

  • 65 Lucan, Roman poet (b. 39)
  • 313 Galerius Valerius Maximinus [Daia], Emperor of Rome (310-313), commits suicide after a military defeat
  • 535 Amalaswintha, queen of Ostrogoths, murdered in the bath at about 37
  • 1030 Mohammud van Ghazna, Turkish mayor (G'widen)/Islamic ruler, dies
  • 1063 Emperor Renzong of China, Emperor of the Song dynasty, dies at 52
  • 1196 Boudouin II, bishop of Utrecht (1178-96), dies
  • 1214 Huguccio/Hugo van Pisa, Italian bishop, dies
  • 1328 Meister Eckhard, German theologist and mystic, dies at about 78
  • 1341 John III, Duke of Brittany, dies at 55
  • 1439 Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, English military leader (b. 1382)
  • 1524 Pierre Terrail, seigneur de Bayard, French soldier (b. 1473)
  • 1544 Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1632 Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly, Holy Roman field marshal who commanded the Catholic League's forces in the Thirty Years' War, dies of tetanus after being wounded by a cannonball at 73

Person of interestSigismund III Vasa

1632 Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1587-1632) and King of Sweden (1592-99), dies at 65

  • 1642 Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (known for his military leadership during the Polish–Muscovite War 1611-12), dies at 63
  • 1655 Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (paintings of religious subjects), dies at 37
  • 1660 Peter Scriverius, Dutch lawyer/historian, dies at 84
  • 1696 Robert Plot, English naturalist, dies at 55
  • 1708 Simon de Vries, book seller/writer (Unequal), dies
  • 1712 Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Remonstrants theologist and vicar, dies at 78
  • 1736 Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer, dies at 67
  • 1743 Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian poet (Obras Dramaticas), dies at 79
  • 1784 Franz K earl von Velbruck, German free mason, dies
  • 1785 Frederick Philipse III, American land owner (Bronx, Westch & Putnam), dies at 65
  • 1792 John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, British statesman who claimed to have invented the sandwich, dies at 73
  • 1795 Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (b. 1716)
  • 1800 John H Midderigh, Rotterdam patriot, dies at 46
  • 1829 George Washington Adams, son of John Q Adams, dies on City Island, NYC
  • 1841 Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist, dies at 82
  • 1847 Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen, dies at 75
  • 1848 Friedrich Freiherr Gagern, German Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
  • 1857 Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, dies at 81
  • 1859 Sergey Aksakov, Russian writer (Chronicles of a Russian Family), dies at 67
  • 1865 Robert Fitzroy, English admiral and scientist, dies at 59
  • 1875 Jean Frederic Waldeck, French explorer, lithographer, and cartographer (b. 1766)
  • 1879 Emma Smith, Inaugural President of the Women's Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, dies at 74

Person of interestEdouard Manet

1883 Édouard Manet, French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass) dies at 51

Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet
  • 1885 J. P. [Jens Peter] Jacobsen, Danish writer (Niels Lyhne), dies of tuberculosis at 38
  • 1895 Gustav Freytag, German writer (Soll und Haben), dies at 78
  • 1900 Casey Jones, American railroad engineer, dies at 36 heroically in Cannonball Express train wreck
  • 1903 Emily Stowe, Canadian suffragist and first woman licensed to practise medicine in Canada, dies at 71
  • 1922 David M Chumaceiro, Curacaos poet, dies
  • 1933 Luis Sanchez Cerro, President of Peru, assassinated by Hurtado de Mendoza
  • 1934 William H. Welch, American pathologist who founded John Hopkins Hospital, dies at 75
  • 1936 A. E. Housman, English poet (A Shropshire Lad), dies at 77
  • 1941 Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer and producer (Jack and the Beanstalk), dies at 71
  • 1942 Jakob van Hoddis [[Hans Davidsohn]], German Jewish poet, transported to German concentration camp at 54 (actual date of death unknown)
  • 1943 Beatrice Potter Webb, British sociologist, economist (founded London School of Economics) and writer (My Apprenticeship), dies at 85
  • 1943 Etty Hillesum, Dutch diarist, dies in Auschwitz
  • 1943 Otto Jespersen, Danish linguist, dies at 82
  • 1944 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, dies at 65

Person of interestAdolf Hitler

1945 Adolf Hitler, German politician, Leader of the Nazi Party, German Dictator (1933-45), commits suicide by shooting himself at 56

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1945 Eva Braun, German mistress and wife of Hitler, commits suicide by cyanide tablet at 33
  • 1947 Almroth Wright, English bacteriologist (developed one of 1st vaccines for typhoid), dies at 85
  • 1956 Alben W Barkley, (VP-D-1949-53), dies at 78
  • 1970 Jacob Presser, historian/writer (Doom, Ondergang), dies at 71
  • 1971 Elmo Roper, pollster (Roper Poll), dies at 70
  • 1972 Ntare V, king of Burundi, murdered
  • 1973 Václav Renč, Czech poet, dramatist and translator, dies at 61
  • 1980 Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet, journalist, and politician (b. 1898)
  • 1981 Peter Huchel, German poet, dies at 78
  • 1982 Albert TLCA Bird, lecture artist, dies
  • 1982 Herman Tholen, Dutch cabaret performer (Juveniles), dies
  • 1982 Taisen Deshimaru, founder of several Zen centers in France, dies at 67
  • 1989 Sergio Leone, Italian director who invented spaghetti westerns (The Man with No Name trilogy), dies of a heart attack at 60
  • 1989 Yi Bangja, Crown Prince Euimin of Korea (1926-70), dies at 87
  • 1991 George Sperti, American inventor (Preparation H), dies at 91
  • 1992 Daan van Driel, Dutch cartoonist/WWII resist fighter (Trouw), dies
  • 1994 Ferdinando Scarfiotti, Italian set designer (Last Emperor), dies at 53
  • 1994 Geoffery Michael Roberts, vintner, dies at 46
  • 1994 Richard Scarry, American children's book writer and illustrator (What Do People Do All Day?), dies at 74
  • 1995 Reinaldo de Carvalho, carnival king, dies at 34
  • 1996 David Michael Ifshin, British political campaign organiser, dies at 46
  • 1996 Frank Henry Copplestone, TV executive, dies at 71
  • 1996 Julio Cesar Mendez Montenegro, President of Guatemala (1966-70), dies
  • 1998 Nizar Qabbani, Syrian poet (b. 1926)
  • 2002 Charlotte von Mahlsdorf, founder of the Gründerzeit Museum in Berlin-Mahlsdorf. (b. 1928)
  • 2002 Leslie Manville, Australian economist, dies at 100
  • 2003 Mark Berger, University of Kentucky professor (b. 1955)
  • 2005 Ron Todd, TGWU General Secretary (1985 - 1992) (b. 1927)
  • 2006 Lawrence Patrick, Biomechanics Professor, crash test subject
  • 2006 Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Indonesian novelist
  • 2007 Jara Ribnikar, Serbian writer, dies at 94
  • 2008 John Cargher, Australian radio broadcaster (b. 1919)
  • 2009 Venetia Burney [Phair], British woman credited with naming Clyde Tombaugh's discovered planet "Pluto" (1930), dies at 90
  • 2010 Gerry Ryan, Irish radio broadcaster (b. 1956)
  • 2011 Dorjee Khandu, Indian, Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh (b. 1955)
  • 2016 Daniel Berrigan, American Jesuit priest and peace activist (Vietnam War), dies at 94
  • 2016 Marisol (Maria Sol) Escobar, Venezuelan sculptor, dies at 85
  • 2017 Ueli Steck, Swiss mountain climber, dies in a climbing accident in Nepal at 40