On This Day

On This Day in History for April 5

Events in History

Snakes Alive! It's St Patrick's DaySnakes Alive! It's St Patrick's Day

456 Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop

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St Patrick depicted with the snakes that he drove into the sea
St Patrick depicted with the snakes that he drove into the sea
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  • 823 Pope Peschalis I crowns Lotharius I as co-emperor of France
  • 1058 Bishop Giovanni "Minchus" ["the thin"] elected as Anti-Pope Benedict X

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1242 Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeats Teutonic Knights in the Battle of the Ice

Key Figure of Medieval Rus Alexander Nevsky
Key Figure of Medieval Rus
Alexander Nevsky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1424 Scottish King James I returns to Scotland after 18 years of detention at the English court

King of Scotland James I
King of Scotland
James I
  • 1566 200 Brussel nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition
  • 1585 Clemens Crabbeels becomes bishop of Hertogenbosch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1603 New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1609 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa
  • 1614 2nd parliament of King James I begin session (no enactments)
  • 1621 Mayflower sails from Plymouth on a return trip to England
  • 1648 Spanish troops and feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples

Historic DiscoveryEaster Island Moai

1722 Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen is the first European to discover Easter Island / Rapa Nui in the southeastern Pacific

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Two Moai on the Rano Raraku crater on Rapa Nui from a 1914-15 expedition photograph held in the British Museum
Two Moai on the Rano Raraku crater on Rapa Nui from a 1914-15 expedition photograph held in the British Museum
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AgreementTreaty of Interest

1739 French and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI sign secret treaty

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • 1751 Adolf Frederik of Holstein-Gottorp crowns himself king of Sweden
  • 1762 British take Grenada, West Indies, from French

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1764 British Parliament passes the Sugar Tax on the American colonies, introduced by Prime Minister George Grenville

British Prime Minister George Grenville
British Prime Minister
George Grenville
  • 1768 1st US Chamber of Commerce forms (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792 George Washington casts 1st presidential veto

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1804 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil
  • 1806 Isaac Quintard patents apple cider
  • 1812 British storm Badajoz fortress in Extremadura, Spain, held by French & Spanish
  • 1814 Netherlands Bank issues its 1st banknotes

Volcanic EruptionEruption of Mount Tambora

1815 Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies, has its first violent eruption after several centuries of dormancy

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The massive Tambora volcano eruption
The massive Tambora volcano eruption
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Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1818 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1847 Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, opens in Birkenhead, England, designed by Joseph Paxton
  • 1861 Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
  • 1862 Siege of Yorktown, fought in York County and Newport News, Virginia ends (Yorktown campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • 1865 Battle at Amelia Springs, Jetersville Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1879 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1881 Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller

Author Helen Keller
Helen Keller
  • 1893 Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • 1894 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1897 The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1900 Attempted assassination of Edward Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
  • 1901 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • 1902 In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
  • 1905 James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire" premieres in London
  • 1906 St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"
  • 1906 Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates towns in the Naples province, killing more than 100 people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman resigns

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1911 MCC tour match v Jamaica finishes in a tie
  • 1911 Waldorf W Aster acquires Daily Observer
  • 1915 French begin Woëvre-offensive
  • 1916 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Eamon de Valera becomes President of Dail Eireann

Revolutionary and President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
Revolutionary and President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera
  • 1919 Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
  • 1922 KOB-AM in Albuquerque NM begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WDZ-AM in Decatur IL begins radio transmissions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company starts producing inflatable tires

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • 1925 Belgian Workers Party wins parliamentary election
  • 1929 Lithuania signs Litvinov-pact
  • 1932 Dutch textile strike broken by trade unions
  • 1932 Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seize the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government
  • 1935 Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election
  • 1936 Tupelo, Mississippi virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die
  • 1938 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa, Poland
  • 1939 Membership of Hitler Youth becomes obligatory
  • 1941 San Francisco Castro & Fillmore streetcars replaced by buses
  • 1943 Mortsel, Belgium: Allies target Minerva car factory, used for repairing Luftwaffe planes for bombing raid; collateral damage from missed targets kills 936 civilians, Belgium's greatest loss of WWII

World RecordPoon Lim's 133 Day South Atlantic Odyssey

1943 Chinese steward Poon Lim is found off the coast of Brazil by a Brazilian fisherman family after being adrift 133 days, after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat

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Poon Lim and his raft, photo made on request of the US Navy for its Survival Training.
Poon Lim and his raft, photo made on request of the US Navy for its Survival Training.
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  • 1944 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • 1944 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
  • 1945 World War II: Dutch city of Almelo is freed by the Second Canadian Corps
  • 1949 60 year old St Anthony's Hospital n Effingham, Illinois, catches fire, 77 people killed
  • 1950 Prague espionage trial against bishops & priests begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death

Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1952 Henry Wittenberg wins his 8th AAU wrestling title

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1956 Ceylon's Mahajana Eksath Peramuna (MEP), led by S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike wins the general elections in a landslide
  • 1958 Ripple Rock, an underwater threat to navigation in the Seymour Narrows in Canada is destroyed in one of the largest ever non-nuclear controlled explosions
  • 1961 Dutch governor Platteel installs New Guinea Council
  • 1962 Herb Gardner's "Thousand Clowns" premieres in NYC
  • 1962 Mgr J Daems appointed bishop of Antwerp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 54,600 m

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 1962 St Bernard Tunnel finished-Swiss/Italians workers shake hands
  • 1963 Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes chief of Western Samoa
  • 1964 1st driverless trains run on London Underground
  • 1965 Lava Lamp Day celebrated
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 ATS II launched but fails to reach orbit
  • 1968 Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego opens
  • 1969 Massive anti-Vietnam War demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities
  • 1971 Fran Phipps is 1st woman to reach North Pole
  • 1971 Mount Etna erupts in Sicily
  • 1971 US Lt William Calley sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Sri Lanka's communist Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) launches insurrection against the United Front government of Sirimavo Bandaranaike

World's 1st Female Head of State Sirimavo Bandaranaike
World's 1st Female Head of State
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
  • 1972 Mets trade Ken Singleton to Expos for Rusty Staub
  • 1973 Pioneer 11 launched to Jupiter
  • 1975 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1976 Harold Wilson resigns as James Callaghan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister James Callaghan
British Prime Minister
James Callaghan
British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1976 Tom Stoppard's play "Dirty Linen and New-Found-Land" premieres in London

Playwright and Screenwriter Tom Stoppard
Playwright and Screenwriter
Tom Stoppard
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 British Royal Navy aircraft carriers Invincible and Hermes, with escort vessels, depart Portsmouth, England for the Falkland Islands in response to the Argentine invasion
  • 1982 Lord Carrington, British Foreign Secretary resigns for his failure to foresee the invasion of the Falkland Islands
  • 1983 France throws out 47 Soviet diplomats
  • 1986 Record for a throw-and-return boomerang toss is set (121m)
  • 1986 US soldier & Turkish woman killed in West Berlin disco bombing

Birthdays in History

  • 1170 Isabella of Hainault, Queen of France (1180-90), born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1190)
  • 1288 Emperor Go-Fushimi, 93rd Emperor of Japan (1298-1301) (d. 1336)
  • 1472 Bianca Maria Sforza, wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, born in Pavia, Italy (d. 1510)
  • 1523 Blaise de Vigenère, French cryptographer, born in Saint-Pourçain, France (d. 1596)

Person of interestThomas Hobbes

1588 Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (Leviathan), born in Westport, England (d. 1679)

Philosopher Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes
  • 1604 Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (1624-75), born in Nancy, France (d. 1675)
  • 1622 Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician (Viviani's theorem), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1703)
  • 1626 Jan van Kessel, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp (d. 1679)
  • 1643 Charles V Leopold, Duke of Lorraine and Austrian fieldmarshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1690)
  • 1649 Elihu Yale, English merchant and philanthropist (benefactor of Yale University), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1721)
  • 1732 Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter (The Swing), born in Paris (d. 1806)
  • 1761 Sybil Ludington, American revolutionary heroine (rode to alert militia), born in Kent, New York (d. 1839)
  • 1788 Franz Pforr, German painter and cartoonist (Lukasbund), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1795 Henry Havelock, British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39), born in Bishopwearmouth, County Durham (d. 1857)
  • 1816 Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice, born in Richmond, Kentucky (d. 1890)
  • 1818 Lewis Baldwin Parsons, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Perry, New York (d. 1907)
  • 1820 Nadar [Félix Tournachon], French photographer and balloonist, took the first aerial photograph, born in Paris (d. 1910)
  • 1822 James Nagle, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 1866)
  • 1824 Sydney Thompson Dobell, English poet, born in Cranbrook, Kent (d. 1874)
  • 1825 David Rumph Jones, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Orangeburg, South Carolina (d. 1863)
  • 1827 Joseph Lister, British surgeon (pioneer of antiseptic surgery), born in Upton House, West Ham, England (d. 1912)
  • 1832 Jules Ferry, French statesman, born in Saint-Dié, France (d. 1893)
  • 1837 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet (Atalanta in Calydon), born in London (d. 1909)
  • 1838 Alpheus Hyatt, American zoologist and paleontologist, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1902)
  • 1839 Robert Smalls, African-American congressman (1875-87), born in Beaufort, South Carolina (d. 1915)
  • 1845 Jules Cambon, French ambassador, to U.S. (1897), Spain (1902–07) and Germany (1907–14), born in Paris (d. 1935)

Person of interestBooker T. Washington

1856 Booker T. Washington, American education pioneer and 1st African American on a US stamp, born in Hale's Ford, Virginia (d. 1915)

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • 1857 Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg, Prince of Bulgaria (1879-86), born in Verona, Lombardy–Venetia (d. 1893)
  • 1869 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer, born in Chaplygin, Lipetsk Oblast, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1871 Mirko Seljan, Croatian explorer, born in Karlovac, Croatia (d. 1913)
  • 1872 Samuel Cate Prescott, American food scientist and microbiologist, born in South Hampton, New Hampshire (d. 1962)
  • 1887 Hedwig Kohn, Jewish physics pioneer, born in Breslau, Province of Silesia (Poland) (d. 1964)
  • 1899 William Hornby Steer, Conservative Party politician and barrister (d. 1993)
  • 1901 Alexander Alexeieff, Russian-French painter and graphic artist, born in Kazan, Russia (d. 1982)
  • 1901 Chester Bowles, American ambassador and writer (Conscience of a Liberal), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1986)
  • 1906 Guy Clutton-Brock, English social worker (declared as national hero in Zimbabwe), born in Northwood, Middlesex (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Jan Zeldenrust, Dutch pathologist and anatomist, born in Gronigen, Netherlands (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Jagjivan Ram, Indian independence activist and politician, born in Chandwa, Bhojpur, Bihar, British India (d. 1986)
  • 1913 Father Alan Cheales, Dominican priest for 33 years, born in Zimbabwe (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Baroness Delacourt-Smith of Alteryn [Margaret Rosalind Delacourt-Smith], British Labour politician, born in Newport, Wales (d. 2010)
  • 1916 Bernard Baily, American comic artist (co-creator of DC Comics), born in New York (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Robert Bloch, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Psycho), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1994)
  • 1919 Douglas Henley, British auditor-general, born in Beckenham, Kent (d. 2003)
  • 1919 Les Munro, New Zealand WWII pilot (Dambusters), born in Gisbourne (d. 2015)
  • 1920 Arthur Hailey, English novelist (Hotel, Airport), born in Luton, Bedfordshire, England (d. 2004)
  • 1920 Barend Biesheuvel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1971-73), born in Haarlemmerliede, Netherlands (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Rafiq Zakaria, Indian politician and Islamic religious cleric, born in Nala Sopara, British India (d. 2005)
  • 1921 Patricia Ford, Lady Fisher, Irish politician and founder (British Women Caring Trust), born in Donaghadee, County Down, Ireland (d. 1995)
  • 1923 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher and economist (Marxist), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1995)

Person of interestNguyen Van Thieu

1923 Nguyen Van Thieu, South Vietnamese President (1965-75), born in Phan Rang, Vietnam (d. 2001)

President of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Thieu
President of South Vietnam
Nguyen Van Thieu
  • 1923 Stanley Orme, British Labour Party politician, born in Sale, Cheshire
  • 1924 Mart Kempers, Dutch graphic artist and sculptor, born in Enschede, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1927 John Gilbert, British politician and Minister (Labour), born in London (d. 2013)
  • 1928 Peter Moore, British academic (Professor of Statistics at London Business School) (d. 2010)
  • 1929 Hugo Claus, Belgian writer (Cool Lover, Sugar), born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 2008)
  • 1931 Denis Lawton, director (London University Institute of Educ)
  • 1934 Tina Maria Stone, runner (1 year distance record of 15,472 miles)
  • 1934 Roman Herzog, President of Germany (1994-99), born in Landshut, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Donald Lynden-Bell, British theoretical astrophysicist, born in Dover, Kent (d. 2018)
  • 1936 John Albert, professor (Master of University College Oxford)
  • 1936 Michael Livesay, British admiral, Royal Navy officer, born in Middlesbrough, North Riding, Yorkshire (d. 2003)
  • 1936 John Kelly, Irish republican politician, born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 2007)

Person of interestColin Powell

1937 Colin Powell, American General and Assistant to the President (Nat Sec Affairs), born in The Bronx, New York

General and US Secretary of State Colin Powell
General and US Secretary of State
Colin Powell
  • 1937 Stuart May, senior partner (Theodore Goddard)
  • 1937 Allan R. Thieme, American inventor (first Power operated vehicle/scooter), born in Bridgeport, Michigan
  • 1938 Nancy Holt, American artist (land art), born in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1939 Andrew Buxton, CEO (Barclays Bank)
  • 1944 Ann Maxwell, American sci-fi author (Jaws of Menx), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1944 James Buckley, CEO (Baltic Exchange)
  • 1944 Peter T. King, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in Manhattan, New York
  • 1944 Pedro Rosselló, Puerto Rican politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Puerto Rico, born in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • 1946 Robert E McKee, CEO/managing director (Conoco-UK)
14th President of the Philippines Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
14th President of the Philippines
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
  • 1949 Judith Arlene Resnik, ast (STS 41D, 51L-Chal disaster), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1950 Franklin Chang-Diaz, Costa Rican-Chinese American NASA astronaut (STS 61C, 34,46,60,75, sk:91), born in San José, Costa Rica
  • 1951 Roosevel Ferguson, Arkansas, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1951 Dean Kamen, American engineer and inventor (Segway), born in Long Island, New York
  • 1954 Michael W Butler, computer programmer (created TODAY program)
  • 1955 Janice Long, British radio host (Crash FM), born in Liverpool, Merseyside, England
  • 1955 Akira Toriyama, Japanese manga artist, born in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan
  • 1958 Cammie Lusko, Guinness' World Strongest Woman, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1961 Jim LeRoy, Airshow Pilot
  • 1967 Gary Gait, Canadian lacrosse player
  • 1981 Michael A. Monsoor, United States Navy SEAL killed in Iraq and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor, born in Long Beach, California

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1614 American Indian princess Pocahontas and daughter of chief Powhatan marries English colonist John Rolfe

American Indian Princess Pocahontas
American Indian Princess

LoveWedding of Interest

1653 Dutch painter Jan Vermeer marries Catharina Bolenes in Schipluiden

Painter Jan Vermeer
Jan Vermeer

Deaths in History

  • 582 Eutychius, Patriarch of Constantinople (c. 512)
  • 828 Nicephorus I, Christian Byzantine writer and Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (806-15), dies at about 77
  • 1168 Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester (b. 1104)
  • 1258 Julian of Cornillon/Liege, Flemish visionary/saint, dies
  • 1270 Ramban Nachmanides, Talmudic scholar (Hiddushei Ha-Ramden), dies
  • 1419 Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint, dies at 69
  • 1531 Richard Roose, boiled to death for trying to poison an archbishop
  • 1605 Adam Loftus, English Protestant archbishop in Ireland (c.1513)
  • 1673 Francois Caron, admiral/governor (Formosa), drowns at about 72
  • 1676 John Winthrop, the Younger, American politician (b. 1606)
  • 1684 William Brouncker, English mathematician (Brouncker's formula) and the 1st President of the Royal Society, dies at around 64
  • 1693 Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier (Grand Mademoiselle), dies at 65
  • 1695 George Savile, 1st marquis of Halifax and author (Character of a Trimmer), dies at 61
  • 1697 Charles XI, King of Sweden (1660-97), dies at 41
  • 1712 John Luyken, Dutch poet and etcher (species company), dies at 63
  • 1717 Jean Jouvenet, French painter (b. 1647)
  • 1723 J Fischer von Erlach, Austrian architect (Hofburg, Vienna), dies at 66
  • 1735 William Derham, English clergyman, natural theologian and scientist, dies at 77
  • 1735 Samuel Wesley, English poet (b. 1662)
  • 1765 Edward Young, English poet (Love of Fame), dies at 81

BattleGeorges Danton

1794 Georges Danton, French politician and revolutionary (1st president of the Committee of Public Safety during the French Revolution), executed by guillotine at 34

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
  • 1811 Robert Raikes, founder of Sunday Schools, dies
  • 1820 Henrik C Cras, lawyer (Laudatio Hugonis Grotii), dies at 81
  • 1900 Comte de Villebois-Marevil, French/South African general, dies in battle
  • 1907 Laura de Force Gordon, California lawyer, a prominent suffragette, and 1st woman to run a daily newspaper in the US (Stockton Daily Leader, 1874), dies at 68
  • 1918 Paul Vidal de la Blanche, French geographer, dies at 73
  • 1922 Charles F A Woeste, Belgian count/min of Justice, dies at 85
  • 1923 George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier and Egyptologist who funded the search for and excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings, dies at 56 after a severe mosquito bite became infected by a razor cut
  • 1928 Jane Ellen Harrison, British anthropologist and linguist, dies at 77
  • 1933 Earl Derr Biggers, American author ("Charlie Chan" detective series), dies of a heart attack at 48
  • 1941 Sir Nigel Gresley, Steam locomotive engineer (b. 1876)
  • 1943 Aleš Hrdlička, Austro-Hungarian anthropologist and curator (US National Museum), dies at 74
  • 1944 Isolde Kurz, German writer/poetess (Meine Mutter), dies at 90
  • 1945 Karl Otto Koch, German SS officer who was commandant at Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen and Majdanek concentration camps, is executed by the SS for corruption at 47
  • 1952 Henri Vandeputte, Belgian writer (L'Autre Vie), dies at 75
  • 1952 Charles Collett, Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Great Western Railway (1922-41), dies at 80
  • 1958 Josef Brems, Flemish apostole (vicar of Denmark), dies at 87
  • 1963 Jacobus JP Old, architect/co-founder (The Style), dies at 73

Person of interestDouglas MacArthur

1964 Douglas MacArthur, US general (Pacific theater-WW II), dies at 84

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1966 Svend Fleuron, Danish writer, dies at 91
  • 1967 Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1890)
  • 1969 Gabriel M-E-R Chevallier, French author (La Peur), dies at 73
  • 1969 Rómulo Gallegos, 48th President of Venezuela (1948), dies at 84
  • 1969 Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (b. 1903)
  • 1970 Alfred Henry Sturtevant, American geneticist, dies at 78
  • 1973 John Coleman, Australian rules footballer (b. 1928)
  • 1974 A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter (Group of Seven), dies at 91
  • 1975 Inez Courtney, dies at 67
  • 1975 Victor GM Marijnen, Dutch premier (1963-65), dies at 58
  • 1976 Wilder Penfield, Canadian surgeon (b. 1891)
  • 1977 John Marriott, dies at 83
  • 1979 Eugène Gabritschevsky, Russian biologist and artist (b. 1893)
  • 1981 Cornelis Verolme, Dutch ship builder, dies at 80
  • 1982 Abe Fortas, US Supreme Court Justice, 1965-69, dies at 71
  • 1984 Arthur Travors Harris, marshal of British RAF, dies
  • 1984 Arthur Harris, British RAF Commanding Chief known as "Bomber/Butcher Harris" for commanding the bombing campaign against Nazi Germany, dies at 91
  • 1984 Robert Adams, English sculptor and designer, dies at 67
  • 1986 Manly Wade Wellman, sci-fi author (Devil's Planet), dies at 82
  • 1989 María Cristina Gómez, Salvadoran teacher, literacy and civil rights activist, murdered at 46
  • 1990 Nico Scheepmaker, Dutch columnist and poet, dies at 59
  • 1991 John Tower, American politician (US Senator (R)-Texas), dies in a plane crash at 65
  • 1991 Manley Lanier "Sonny" Carter Jr, American chemist and NASA astronaut (STS 33), dies at 43

Person of interestSam Walton

1992 Sam Walton, American businessman (founder and CEO of Walmart and Sam's Club), dies of multiple myeloma at 74

Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart Sam Walton
Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart
Sam Walton
  • 1994 Andre Victor Tchelistcheff, winemaker, dies at 92
  • 1994 Aubrey Joseph Watson Sr., bishop, dies at 65
  • 1994 Marlon Riggs, American writer/director/producer (Ethnic notions), dies at 37
  • 1995 Christian Pineau, French politician, dies
  • 1996 Peter Nailor, civil servant/historian, dies at 67

Person of interestAllen Ginsberg

1997 Allen Ginsberg, American beat poet (Howl, The Fall of America) and 1960s counterculture icon, dies of liver cancer via complications of hepatitis at 70

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1997 Alparslan Turkes, Turkish politician (MHP), dies
  • 1999 Paul David, French-Canadian cardiologist (b. 1919)
  • 2001 Malcolm Shepherd [2nd Baron Shepherd], Politician (L) and Leader of the House of Lords (1974-76), dies at 82
  • 2003 Arthur Knight, CEO (Courtaulds), dies at 86
  • 2004 Heiner Zieschang, German mathematician (b. 1936)
  • 2004 Sławomir Rawicz, Polish soldier (b. 1915)

Person of interestSaul Bellow

2005 Saul Bellow, Canadian-American author (Mr Sammler's Planet, Nobel 1976), dies at 89

Novelist Saul Bellow
Saul Bellow
  • 2005 Dale Messick [Dalia Messick], American comic strip artist (Brenda Starr, Reporter), dies at 98
  • 2005 John Sichel, British film and television director (b. 1937)
  • 2007 Maria Gripe, Swedish writer (Josephine), dies at 83
  • 2007 Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (b. 1908)
  • 2007 Poornachandra Tejaswi, Kannada writer (b. 1938)
  • 2011 Baruch Samuel Blumberg, American scientist, (1976 Nobel Laureate for Physiology or Medicine, for work on Hepatitis B), dies at 85
  • 2012 Ferdinand A. Porsche, German car designer (Porsche 911), dies at 76