On This Day

On This Day in History for April 8

Events in History


217 Roman Emperor Caracalla is assassinated (and succeeded) by his Praetorian Guard prefect, Marcus Opellius Macrinus.

Roman Emperor Caracalla
Roman Emperor
  • 1093 The new Winchester Cathedral is dedicated by bishop Walkelin in Winchester, England
  • 1139 Roger II of Sicily is excommunicated
  • 1149 Pope Eugene III takes refuge in the castle of Ptolemy II of Tusculum
  • 1195 Alexius III Angelus drives out brother Isaak II as Byzantine emperor
  • 1341 Petrarch crowned a poet on the Capitoline Hill in Rome
  • 1378 Bartolomeo Prignano elected as Pope Urban VI

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1455 Alfonso de Borgia elected as Pope Callistus III

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1500 Battle at Novara: King Louis XII beats duke Ludovico Sforza

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza
King of France Louis XII
King of France
Louis XII
  • 1530 Holy Roman Emperor convenes Imperial Diet in German city of Augsburg to address Protestant tensions
  • 1730 Congregation Shearith Israel opens the 1st North American synagogue in New York City on Mill Street in Lower Manhattan
  • 1759 British troops chase French out of Masulipatam, India
  • 1766 1st fire escape patented, wicker basket on a pulley & chain
  • 1767 Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783 Catherine II of Russia annexes the Crimea

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1796 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, proves the quadratic reciprocity law (the ability to determine the solvability of any quadratic equation in modular arithmetic)

Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss
  • 1801 Soldiers riot in Bucharest, kill 128 Jews
  • 1802 French Protestant church becomes state-supported & -controlled

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1808 Roman Catholic Diocese of Baltimore promoted to an archdiocese by Pope Pius VII, with the founding of the dioceses of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Bardstown (now Louisville)

Bishop of Imola and Pope Pius VII
Bishop of Imola and Pope
Pius VII

Historic DiscoveryVenus de Milo

1820 The famous ancient Greek statue, Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Milos

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Aphrodite of Milos, or better known as Venus de Milo
Aphrodite of Milos, or better known as Venus de Milo
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  • 1838 Steamship "Great Western" makes her maiden voyage from Bristol, England, to New York
  • 1848 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 1848 Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
  • 1861 US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, seized by Confederacy (US Civil War)
  • 1862 John D. Lynde patents aerosol dispenser
  • 1864 Battle of Mansfield, Louisiana; Federals routed by General Richard Taylor
  • 1866 Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
  • 1869 American Museum of Natural History opens in New York City
  • 1879 Khedive Ismael of Egypt fires French and British ministers
  • 1879 Milk sold in glass bottles for 1st time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • 1893 The Critic reports that ice cream soda is America's national drink
  • 1898 Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese
  • 1902 Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months
  • 1902 Demonstration organised by socialists in Belgium as people demand better education, living conditions, the right to strike and universal male suffrage result in a riot and some deaths
  • 1904 Great Britain and France establish their Entente Cordiale, a technical treaty settling long-standing disagreements over Morocco, Egypt, Africa, and the Pacific
  • 1904 British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of the Book of the Law
  • 1904 Entente Cordiale between Britain and France
  • 1904 New York City changes the name of Longacre Square to Times Square, in honor of The New York Times’s move to the area

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 H. H. Asquith succeeds Henry Campbell-Bannerman as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1910 1st race at the Playa Del Ray Motordrome near Los Angeles begins (1st US auto speedway)
  • 1912 Steamers collide on the Nile, drowning 200
  • 1913 Opening of China's 1st parliament takes place in Peking (now Beijing)
  • 1913 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified by Congress, providing for election of senators by popular vote
  • 1914 US & Colombia sign a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone
  • 1916 Norway approves active & passive female suffrage
  • 1924 South African State pass the Industrial Conciliation Act No 11: provides for job reservation, excluded blacks from membership of registered trade unions, prohibited registration of black trade unions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Indian Independence Movement: At the Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw handouts and bombs to court arrest

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • 1931 "White Horse Inn" opens in London
  • 1933 Manchester Guardian warns of unknown Nazi terror
  • 1935 Works Progress Administration approved by Congress
  • 1939 King Zog I of Albania flees after Italy invades
  • 1940 German battle cruisers sink British aircraft carrier Glorious
  • 1943 Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, founder of Sanbo Kyodan, receives dharma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1945 Dutch Nazi occupiers executed, Nazi general Christiansen flees Netherlands
  • 1946 League of Nations assembles for the last time
  • 1947 Largest recorded sunspot ever observed at 40 times the diameter of Earth
  • 1948 Soen Nakagawa & Nyogen Senzaki (Zen teachers) meet in San Francisco
  • 1952 US President Harry Truman seizes steel mills to avert a strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Jomo Kenyatta convicted of involvement with the Mau Mau rebellion and sentenced to 7 years jail in Kenya

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • 1956 6 marine recruits drown during an exercise at Paradise Island, South Carolina
  • 1960 Netherlands and Germany sign accord concerning war casualties
  • 1960 US Senate passes Civil Rights Bill with measures against discriminatory voting practices
  • 1961 British liner "Dara" explodes in Persian Gulf, kills 236
  • 1962 Accords of Evian (Algeria) accepted by referendum in France
  • 1964 Unmanned Gemini 1 launched
  • 1965 India & Pakistan forces engage in a border fight
  • 1966 OAO 1, 1st orbiting astronomical observatory, launched
  • 1966 Time publishes its "Is God Dead" issue - its first issue without an image
  • 1968 Czechoslovakia Oldřich Černík government forms
  • 1968 New socialist constitution of East Germany takes effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Gangsters Henry Hill and Jimmy Burke commit the Air France robbery, stealing $420,000

Mobster and FBI informant Henry Hill
Mobster and FBI informant
Henry Hill
  • 1970 Senate rejects Nixon's nomination of Judge G. Harrold Carswell to US Supreme Court
  • 1971 1st legal off-track betting system begins (OTB-New York)
  • 1973 Thirty-two terrorist bombings in Cyprus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin resigns

5th Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin
5th Prime Minister of Israel
Yitzhak Rabin
  • 1979 People's Republic of China joins IOC

USAStatue of Liberty

1983 In front of a live audience of 20 tourists, David Copperfield makes the Statue of Liberty disappear

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The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
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  • 1984 U.S. Census Bureau estimates rank Los Angeles as second most populated city, displacing Chicago which held the position since 1890; New York City remains the top
  • 1985 Amdahl releases UTS/V, 1st mainframe Unix
  • 1985 India files suit against Union Carbide over Bhopal disaster
  • 1990 King Birendra of Nepal lifts 30-year ban on political parties
  • 1990 Norwegian ferry Scandinavian Star catches fire; 159 people die
  • 1990 New Democracy wins the national election in Greece.
  • 1991 Michael Landon announces he has inoperable cancer of the pancreas
  • 1992 After 151 years Britain's "Punch Magazine" publishes its final issue
  • 1993 STS-56 (Discovery) launches into orbit
  • 1994 Japanese Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa resigns
  • 1994 Smoking banned in Pentagon & all US military bases
  • 1995 BPAA US Open won by Dave Husted
  • 1997 Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 4 Beta
  • 1997 STS 83 (Columbia 22) lands
  • 1999 Haryana Gana Parishad, a political party in the Indian state of Haryana, merges with the Indian National Congress.
  • 2000 Nineteen US Marines are killed when a V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft crashes near Marana, Arizona
  • 2004 Darfur conflict: The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups

Battle of Interest9/11 Attack on New York's World Trade Towers

2004 U.S. National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice testifies before the 9/11 Commission

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UA Flight 175 flies toward the South Tower of the World Trade Center while the North Tower burns
UA Flight 175 flies toward the South Tower of the World Trade Center while the North Tower burns
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  • 2006 Shedden massacre: The bodies of eight men, all shot to death, are found in a field in Ontario, Canada. The murders are soon linked to the Bandidos motorcycle gang.
  • 2008 The construction of the world's first building to integrate wind turbines completes, in Bahrain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 German writer Günter Grass labelled 'persona non grata' by Israeli internal affairs minister Eli Yishai, due to his poem "What Must Be Said"

Writer and playwright Günter Grass
Writer and playwright
Günter Grass

Birthdays in History

  • 563 Gautama Buddha's birthday, the founder of Buddhism, is commonly celebrated on this day (or May)
  • 1320 Pedro I, King of Portugal (also called "the Just" or "the Cruel"), King of Portugal and of the Algarves (1357-67), born in Coimbra, Portugal (d. 1367)

Person of interestJuan Ponce de León

1460 Juan Ponce de León, Spanish explorer and conquistador who searched for the fountain of youth and the first European to discover Florida, born in Santervás de Campos, Castile, Spain (d. 1521)

Explorer and Conquistador Juan Ponce de León
Explorer and Conquistador
Juan Ponce de León
  • 1541 Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1593)
  • 1582 Phineas Fletcher, English poet, born in Cranbrook (d. 1650)
  • 1605 Louis de Vadder, Flemish painter, born in Brussels (d. 1655)
  • 1605 Philip IV, King of Spain & Portugal (1621-65), born in Royal Palace of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain (d. 1665)
  • 1631 Cornelis de Heem, Dutch painter, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1695)
  • 1641 Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney, English statesman, born in Paris (d. 1704)
  • 1655 Louis Willem I, Margrave of Baden-Baden, born in Paris (d. 1707)
  • 1695 Johann Christian Gunther, German poet, born in Striegau, Silesia (d. 1723)
  • 1726 Lewis Morris, American landowner and farmer (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Morrisania, New York (d. 1798)
  • 1732 David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician, born in Paper Mill Run, Pennsylvania (d. 1796)
  • 1775 Adam Albert von Neipperg, Austrian general and Napoleon's wife Marie's lover and later husband, born in Vienna (d. 1829)
  • 1783 John Claudius Loudon, Scottish horticulturist, born in Cambuslang, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1843)
  • 1816 Frederic William Burton, Irish painter, born in Wicklow, Ireland (d. 1900)
  • 1818 Christian IX, King of Denmark (1863-1906), born in Gottorf Castle, Schleswig, Duchy of Schleswig (d. 1906)
  • 1826 Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican war heroine (Costa Rica's first woman in the military), born in Cartago, Costa Rica (d. 1890)
  • 1827 Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat, born in Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico (d. 1898)
  • 1828 George Baird Hodge, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Fleming County, Kentucky (d. 1892)
  • 1831 Allard Pierson, Dutch theologist, philosopher and art historian, born in Amsterdam (d. 1896)
  • 1832 Alfred von Waldersee, Prussian field marshal and Chief of the German General Staff, born in Potsdam, Province of Brandenburg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1904)
  • 1842 Elizabeth Bacon Custer, American author, public speaker and wife of George Armstrong Custer, born in Monroe, Michigan (d. 1933)
  • 1850 William H. Welch, American pathologist who founded Johns Hopkins Hospital, born in Norfolk, Connecticut (d. 1934)
  • 1859 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (founded School of Phenomenology), born in Proßnitz, Margraviate of Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1938)
  • 1869 Harvey Cushing, American neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1939)
  • 1871 Clarence Hudson White, American photographer, born in Newark, Ohio (d. 1925)
  • 1874 Stanisław Taczak, Polish general, commander-in-chief of the Greater Poland Uprising, born in Mieszków, Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland (d. 1960)
  • 1875 Albert I, King of Belgium (1909-34), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1934)
  • 1883 R. P. Keigwin, English academic, born in Lexden, Essex (d. 1972)
  • 1886 Margaret Ayer Barnes, American playwright and writer (Years of Grace), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1967)
  • 1888 Dennis Chavez, American politician, 1st US Hispanic Senator elected to serve full term, born in Los Chavez, New Mexico Territory (d. 1964)
  • 1892 Richard Neutra, Austrian American modernist architect (Kaufmann Desert House), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1970)
  • 1893 Henri Puvrez, Belgian sculptor (Sereniteit)
  • 1898 Achiel H. Acker, Belgian premier (1945-46, 1954-58), born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1975)
  • 1898 Cecil [Maurice] Bowra, British classics expert (Greek experience)
  • 1904 John R. Hicks, British economist ( Value and Capital), (Nobel Memorial Prize for Economic Science 1972), born in Warwick, England (d. 1989)
  • 1905 Hans Scherfig, Danish marxist/writer (Idealister, Frydenholm)
  • 1905 Helen Joseph, South African anti-apartheid activist and writer (Side by Side), born in Easebourne, England (d. 1992)
  • 1905 Pierre Wigny, Belgian minister of Foreign affairs (1958-61) [or 4/18]
  • 1906 Charles J. B. Jonckheere, Flemish poet and writer (Mirror of the Sea)
  • 1907 Maurice Stacey, British chemist who worked to synthesize vitamin C, born in Moreton, England (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Neil Lawson, British high court judge
  • 1909 William James Millar Mackenzie, Scottish political scientist, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Douglas Hyde, England political journalist, born in Worthing, England (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Emil Mihai Cioran, Romanian born writer and aphorist, born in Resinár, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Melvin Calvin, US chemist (photosynthesis, Nobel 1961)
  • 1913 Hubertus Ernst, Dutch Roman Catholic bishop of Breda, born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 2017)

Person of interestBetty Ford

1918 Betty [Bloomer] Ford, US 1st lady (1974-77) and founder of the Betty Ford Center clinic, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)

US First Lady Betty Ford
US First Lady
Betty Ford
  • 1918 Glendon Swarthout, American author (d. 1992)
  • 1919 [Douglas] Ian Smith, premier of Rhodesia (1964-79), born in Selukwe, Rhodesia (d. 2007)
  • 1923 George Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • 1924 Anthony Farrar-Hockley, English army officer (NATO Commander) and historian, born in Coventry, England (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Henry N. Cobb, American architect (Pei Cobb Freed & Partners), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2020)
  • 1926 Jürgen Moltmann, German Reformed theologian, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1928 Mary Zeldenrust-Noordanus, Dutch CEO (NVSH - Dutch Association for Sexual Reform), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1984)
  • 1928 Leah Rabin (nee Schloßberg), wife of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, born in Königsberg, Germany (now Kaliningrad, Russia) (d. 2000)
  • 1929 Renzo de Felice, Italian historian of Fascism, born in Rieti, Italy (d. 1996)
  • 1930 Julien Van Remoortere [Piet Mortelman], Flemish writer (Fist), born in Beveren, Belgium (d. 2018)
  • 1930 Mary Moore, English principal (St Hilda's College, Oxford) (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma
  • 1934 Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect (d. 2007)
  • 1935 Albert G. Bustamante, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1985-93), born in Asherton, Texas
  • 1935 Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, epidemiologist (Living legacy award-1984)
  • 1937 Tony Clegg, English property trader (Montleigh), born in Littleborough, England (d. 1995)
  • 1937 Seymour Hersh, award-winning investigative reporter (NY Times)

Person of interestKofi Annan

1938 Kofi Annan, Ghanaian diplomat and 7th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1997-2006), born in Comassie, Gold Coast (d. 2018)

UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan
UN Secretary-General
Kofi Annan
  • 1941 Vivienne Westwood [Dame], English fashion designer, born in Tintwistle, England
  • 1942 Douglas Trumbull, American film director (Silent Running, Brainstorm), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1942 Eduard Visser, Dutch writer (Fyffes are now called Chiquita)
  • 1943 Michael Bennett, American theater director and choreographer (Chorus Line), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1987)
  • 1943 Tony Banks, English politician (Labour), born in Belfast (d. 2006)
  • 1943 William Garth Morrison, British Chief scout of UK and Overseas territories (d. 2013)
  • 1943 James Herbert, English horror writer (The Rats), born in London, England (d. 2013)
  • 1944 Christoph Hein, German writer and translator, born in Heinzendorf, Germany
  • 1944 Odd Nerdrum, Norwegian painter
  • 1945 Derrick Walker, Scottish auto racing team owner (President of operations and competition of IndyCar), born in Leven, Scotland
  • 1947 Hsiao-hsien Hou, Taiwanese director (Cheerful Wind, City of Sadness, The Puppetmaster), born in Mei County, China
  • 1947 Tom DeLay, American politician (Rep-R-Texas, 1985-2006), born in Laredo, Texas
  • 1947 Robert Kiyosaki, American investor (Rich Dad Company), born in Hilo, Hawaii

Person of interestRobert Allen Litchfield

1948 Robert A. Litchfield, American bank robber who was on the FBI most wanted list in the 1980s

  • 1948 Michael Leshner, Canadian lawyer and gay rights advocate
  • 1954 G.V. Loganathan, American professor (d. 2007)
  • 1955 Barbara Kingsolver, American novelist (The Poisonwood Bible), born in Annapolis, Maryland
  • 1955 David Wu, Taiwanese-born American politician (Rep-D-Ore 1999-2011), born in Hsinchu, Taiwan
  • 1963 Erica Terwillegar, American lugist, born in Nelsonville, New Jersey
  • 1963 Seth Tobias, American financial commentator (d. 2007)
  • 1974 Holger Hott Johansen, Norwegian orienteerist
  • 1974 Nnedi Okorafor, Nigerian American writer (Binti books), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1974 Chris Kyle, American Navy SEAL sniper (160 kills), born in Odessa, Texas (d. 2013)
  • 1977 Mehran Ghassemi, Iranian journalist (d. 2008)
  • 1977 Mark Spencer, American computer programmer (Pidgin, Asterisk), born in Alabama
  • 1979 David Petruschin, American drag queen (Raven) and make-up artist, born in Victorville, California

Weddings in History

  • 1716 Duke Karel Leopold of Mecklenburg-Schwerin signs covenant with Russia & marries Tsar Peter the Great's niece

LoveWedding of Interest

1779 US Defector General Benedict Arnold (38) weds Peggy Shippen (18) at Shippen's townhouse in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

US General and Turncoat Benedict Arnold
US General and Turncoat
Benedict Arnold

LoveWedding of Interest

1907 Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser (24) weds Bess Fosburgh in Boston, Massachusetts

Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser
Henry J. Kaiser
  • 2017 Trump's personal aide Omarosa Manigault (43) weds pastor John Allen Newman at the Trump International Hotel in Washington, D.C.

Divorces in History

  • 2005 Prince Joachim of Denmark (35) divorces Countess of Frederiksborg Alexandra (40) after 9 years of marriage

Deaths in History


217 Caracalla, Roman emperor (198-217), murdered at 29

Roman Emperor Caracalla
Roman Emperor
  • 622 Prince Shōtoku, Japanese regent and politician who promoted Buddhism (Hōryū-ji temple), dies at about 48
  • 956 Gilbert of Chalon, Duke of Burgundy
  • 1143 John II Komnenos, Emperor of the Byzantine Empire (1118-43), dies in an accident at 55
  • 1364 John II, the Good, King of France (1350-64), dies at 44
  • 1461 Georg von Purbach, Austrian mathematician and astronomer (best known for his streamlined presentation of Ptolemaic astronomy in the Theoricae Novae Planetarum), dies at 37
  • 1537 Willem Aerts, Flemish architect, dies
  • 1586 Martin Chemnitz, German Lutheran reformer and theologian, dies at 63
  • 1587 John Foxe, English writer (b. 1516)
  • 1629 Willem Teellinck, Dutch theologian and vicar, dies at 50
  • 1676 Claudia Felicitas of Austria, Empress consort of Germany, dies at 22
  • 1697 Niels Juel, Danish-Norwegian admiral, dies at 68
  • 1704 Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (b. 1624)
  • 1704 Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney, English statesman, dies at 63
  • 1725 John Wise, American clergyman and political activist who protested against British taxes, dies at 73
  • 1735 Francis II Rákóczi, Hungarian nobleman and leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg, dies at 59
  • 1778 Pieter Teyler van der Hulst, Dutch founder (Teyler Museum), dies at 76
  • 1794 Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician and philosopher, dies in prison during the French Revolution at 50
  • 1820 Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist, dies at 48
  • 1853 Jan Willem Pieneman, Dutch historical painter (Battle at Waterloo), dies at 73
  • 1857 Mangal Pandey, Indian Sepoy (soldier) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (B.N.I.) regiment of the British East India Company, hanged at 29

Person of interestElisha Otis

1861 Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, dies of diphtheria at 50

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • 1879 Anthony Panizzi, Italian librarian at British Museum, dies at 81
  • 1882 Jules Quicherat, French historian and archaeologist, dies at 67
  • 1890 Junius Spencer Morgan, American merchant and philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art), dies at 76
  • 1894 Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Indian novelist (Mrinalini, Anandamath), dies at 55
  • 1897 Heinrich von Stephan, German Director of the Post service who introduced the telephone to Germany, dies at 66
  • 1898 William Polk Hardeman, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 81
  • 1899 John Wesley Turner, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), dies at 65
  • 1902 Dmitry Sipyagain, Russian Minister of Interior/headed Secret Service, assassinated by a Socialist-Revolutionary at 49
  • 1906 Auguste Deter, German woman notable for being the 1st person diagnosed with Alzheimer's, dies of sepsis caused by an infected bedsore at 55
  • 1919 Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist, dies at 70 (b. 1848)
  • 1931 Eric Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish poet (Nobel Prize for Literature 1931), dies at 66
  • 1935 Edwin Cannan, British economist and historian (A History of the Theories of Production and Distribution), dies at 74
  • 1936 Robert Bárány, Austrian physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1942 Alfred Mombert, German poet, dies at 70
  • 1943 Paul Colin, Belgian journalist/collaborator, executed
  • 1948 Josef Kjellgren, Swedish writer (Guldkedjan), dies at 40
  • 1950 Albert Ehrenstein, Austria writer (Strum), dies at 63
  • 1958 Ethel Turner, Australian author (Seven Little Australians), dies at 88
  • 1958 George Jean Nathan, American editor, author and critic (American Mercury), dies at 76
  • 1959 Gustave Charlier, Belgian literature historian, dies
  • 1965 Erik A. Blomberg, Swedish art historian, poet and author, dies at 70
  • 1966 George Creten, Belgian sculptor and painter, dies at 79
  • 1969 Haskell Karp, American heart transplant patient, who received 1st fully artificial heart, dies after 65 hours at 48
  • 1970 Marie V Felix, Prince of Luxemburg, dies

Person of interestPablo Picasso

1973 Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter (The Young Ladies of Avignon, Guernica), dies at 91

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
  • 1974 James Charles McGuigan, Catholic cardinal archbishop of Toronto, dies at 79

Person of interestOmar Bradley

1981 Omar Bradley, American WWII General (Invasion of Normandy) and 1st Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1949-53), dies of cardiac arrhythmia at 88

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1984 Pyotr Kapitsa, Russian physicist (Nobel 1978), dies at 89
  • 1987 Francis C. Denebrink, US Naval officer (WW I, WW II, Korea) dies at 90
  • 1989 John Wyer, English sports car racing team manager, dies at 79
  • 1990 Ryan White, American hemophiliac AIDS sufferer, dies at 18
  • 1992 Daniel Bovet, Swiss-born pharmacologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1907)
  • 1993 Hubertus Earnest, bishop of Breda, dies at 100
  • 1994 Irene Eisinger, German-British singer, dies at 91
  • 1994 Walter Arnold, German theologist (World council of Churches), dies at 64
  • 1996 Basil Hembry, farmer/campaigner, dies at 80
  • 1997 Charles Hayes, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1983-93), dies at 79
  • 2000 Bernie Grant, British politician (Labour), dies of a heart attack at 56
  • 2001 Frank Annunzio, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1965-93), dies of Parkinson's disease at 86
  • 2005 Onna White, Canadian choreographer (b. 1924)
  • 2006 Gerard Reve, Dutch writer (Evenings, Dear Guys), dies at 82
  • 2007 Carey W. Barber, a member of Governing Body of Jehovah's Witnesses (b. 1905)
  • 2007 Sol LeWitt, American artist (b. 1928)
  • 2008 Timothy Beaumont, Baron Beaumont of Whitley (b. 1928)
  • 2008 John Button, Australian politician (Button car plan), dies at 74
  • 2010 Jack Agnew, American World War II veteran (b. 1922)
  • 2010 Abel Muzorewa, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe Rhodesia (1979-80), dies at 84
  • 2011 Hedda Sterne, Romanian born American artist, dies at 100
  • 2012 Jack Tramiel, Polish-American businessman (Commodore Computers), dies at 83
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 2017 Brian Matthew, British disc jockey (Saturday Club), dies at 88
  • 2017 Georgy Grechko, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 26, T-14), dies at 85