On This Day

On This Day in History for April 9

Events in History

RomanRoman Empire

193 Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum

Roman Emperor Septimius Severus
Roman Emperor
Septimius Severus
  • 475 Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.
  • 715 Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 817 Louis the Pious, King of the Franks, barely survives when wooden gallery collapses in Aachen, prompts him to later name his succession
  • 1241 Battle of Liegnitz - Mongol armies defeat Poles & Germans
  • 1388 Battle of Näfels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army
  • 1413 Henry V is crowned King of England.
  • 1440 Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark (1440-48)
  • 1454 Milan and Venice sign peace of Lodi
  • 1474 Breisach land guardian Peter von Hagenbach throws out Walloon and Italians

MurderMurder of Interest

1483 Edward V (aged 12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England. He is never crowned, and disappears presumed murdered, after incarceration in the Tower of London with his younger brother Richard (the "Princes in the Tower")

King of England Edward IV
King of England
Edward IV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1538 Danish king Christian III enters Schmalkaldische Union

King of Denmark and Norway Christian III
King of Denmark and Norway
Christian III
  • 1555 Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II
  • 1609 Spain & Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact
  • 1621 Spain & Netherlands 12 Year Resistant Pact ends
  • 1667 1st public art exhibition at the Palais-Royale in Paris
  • 1682 Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France
  • 1691 French troops occupy Mons
  • 1731 British mariner Robert Jenkins' ear cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa in the Caribbean, later catalyst for war between Britain & Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1768 John Hancock refuses to allow two British customs agents to go below deck of his ship, considered by some to be the first act of physical resistance to British authority in the colonies

Statesman John Hancock
John Hancock

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1772 Philosopher and mathematician Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert becomes permanent secretary of the French Academy of Sciences

Enlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
Enlightenment Philosopher
Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert
  • 1783 Tippu Sahib drives out British from Bednore, India
  • 1784 Great Britain ratifies the Treaty of Paris, signed September 3, 1783, ending the Revolutionary War
  • 1808 Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
  • 1814 Elias Canneman (L) resigns as minister of Finance of the Netherlands
  • 1816 African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1829 Danzig (Gdańsk) dike break flood kills 1,200
  • 1833 1st US tax-supported public library in Peterborough, New Hampshire
  • 1838 UK National Gallery re-opens in its new dedicated building in Trafalgar Square, London
  • 1860 Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville uses his phonautograph to make a 10-second recording of "Au Clair de la Lune"
  • 1864 Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, Confederate assault repulsed by Union side with high cost of estimated 3,100 causalities
  • 1864 Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 Confederate General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant ending the Civil War in North Virginia

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1866 Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1869 Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
  • 1870 American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
  • 1872 Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • 1909 The US Congress pass the Payne-Aldrich bill, raising certain tariffs on goods entering the United States
  • 1914 "World, the Flesh & the Devil", 1st color film, shown in London
  • 1914 Tampico incident - US ship crew arrested in Mexico
  • 1914 US President W Wilson refuses to recognize Huerta as President of Mexico on the ground that he has not been elected by the people

GermanySS Libau Sets Sail

1916 The Libau sets sail from Germany with a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans; Captain Karl Spindler changes the name of the vessel to the Aud to avoid British detection

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The Libau, disguised as the Aud, to avoid British detection
The Libau, disguised as the Aud, to avoid British detection
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  • 1917 Battle of Arras begins
  • 1917 Vimy Ridge in France stormed by Canadian troops
  • 1923 Sean O'Casey's "Shadow of a Gunman" premieres in Dublin
  • 1923 In 'Adkins vs Children's Hospital', the US Supreme Court finds that the minimum wage law for women and children, adopted by the District of Columbia, is unconstitutional

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Lazarus Laughed" premieres in Pasadena

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
  • 1928 Turkey passes separation of church & state
  • 1940 German cruiser Blucher torpedoed and capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die
  • 1940 Nazi Germany invades Denmark and Norway, and Denmark surrenders after a six-hour battle
  • 1942 Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1944 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1945 Battleship Admiral Scheer sunk by RAF bombing in Kiel
  • 1945 Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360
  • 1945 World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends.
  • 1947 Atomic Energy Commission confirmed
  • 1947 Tornadoes striking West Texas & Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300
  • 1948 Massacre at Deir Yassin.
  • 1949 UN International Court of Justice holds Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel and awards Britain damages
  • 1950 4th Tony Awards: Cocktail Party & South Pacific win
  • 1952 Hugo Ballivian's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines
  • 1955 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 NASA names 1st 7 astronauts for Project Mercury
  • 1960 South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd survives an assassination attempt by David Pratt despite being twice shot in the face

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 US President JohnF. Kennedy throws out 1st ball at Washington's new DC Stadium

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Winston Churchill becomes 1st honorary US citizen

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1967 1st Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight
  • 1968 German DR adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Martin Luther King Jr., buried in Atlanta

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1968 Ralph Aberbathy elected to head So Christian Leadership Conference
  • 1969 1st flight of Concorde 002 (Filton-Bristol)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Ringo Starr releases "It Don't Come Easy" in UK

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • 1972 USSR & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • 1973 Netherlands recognizes North Vietnam
  • 1973 Otto Kerner, former governor of Illinois, convicted for his role in an illegal racetrack scheme
  • 1975 24 OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by high oil prices
  • 1976 US & Russia agreed on size of nuclear tests for peaceful use
  • 1977 Communist party in Spain allowed legally after 40 years
  • 1980 Belgium's Marten's government resigns
  • 1980 Soyuz 35 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6
  • 1981 US sub George Washington rams Japanese freighter Nisso Maru
  • 1983 6th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 1 returns to Earth
  • 1988 US imposes economic sanctions on Panama
  • 1989 Washington, D.C. march supporting 1973 Roe vs Wade decision (allow abortions)
  • 1991 Georgia SSR votes to secede from USSR

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1992 John Major elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his Conservative Party wins the most votes in British electoral history

British Prime Minister John Major
British Prime Minister
John Major

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 US Fed court finds Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of 8 out of 10 drug and racketeering charges

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • 1992 William O Studeman, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1994 BPAA US Open by Justin Hromek
  • 1994 STS-59 (Endeavour) launches into orbit
  • 1999 Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, President of Niger, is assassinated at the airport in Niamey, Niger

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2002 Funeral of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother at Westminster Abbey UK. More than a million people line the streets

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother

IraqInvasion of Iraq

2003 Baghdad falls to U.S. forces, ending the invasion of Iraq, but resulting in widespread looting

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US troops in a sandstorm during the invasion of Iraq in 2003
US troops in a sandstorm during the invasion of Iraq in 2003
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  • 2011 Gunman murders five people, injures eleven, and commits suicide in a mall in the Netherlands
  • 2013 12 civilians and UN peacekeepers are killed in an ambush in Jonglei, Sudan
  • 2013 37 people are killed and 850 are injured after a magnitude 6.1 earthquake strikes Iran
  • 2013 13 people are killed and 3 are injured from a shooting spree in Velika Ivanča, Serbia
  • 2013 The French Senate approves a bill for same-sex marriage
  • 2014 Stuart Parkin is awarded the Millennium Technology Prize for his work on magnetic storage
  • 2017 Two Egyptian coptic churches in Tanta and Alexandria attacked by suicide bombers leaving at least 44 dead

Birthdays in History

Person of interestTamerlane

1336 Tamerlane (Timur), Turkic conqueror and founder of the Timurid Dynasty, born in Shahrisabz, Uzbekistan (d. 1405)

Turkic Conqueror Tamerlane
Turkic Conqueror
  • 1498 John, Cardinal of Lorraine, French churchman, born in Bar-le-Duc, Lorraine (d. 1550)
  • 1597 John Davenport, Puritan clergyman and cofounder of the New Haven Colony, born in Coventry, Warwickshire, England (d. 1670)
  • 1634 Albertine Agnes, princess of Orange-Nassau, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1696)
  • 1648 Henri de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny, 1st Viscount Galway, French soldier and diplomat, born in Paris (d. 1720)
  • 1649 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, bastard son of English king Charles II, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1685)
  • 1680 Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist and author, born in Tours, France (d. 1754)
  • 1686 James Craggs the Younger, English politician, born in Westminster, London (d. 1721)
  • 1691 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar, born in Roth, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1761)
  • 1753 Pieter Paulus, Dutch Patriot and President of the First National Assembly in The Hague, born in Axel, Netherlands (d. 1796)
  • 1770 Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (Seebeck effect), born in Tallinn, Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 1831)
  • 1773 Étienne Aignan, French writer, born in Beaugency, France (d. 1824
  • 1785 Sibrandus Stratingh, Dutch physician and chemist (electric car), born in Adorp, Netherlands (d. 1841)
  • 1791 George Peacock, English mathematician (algebraic theory), born in County Durham, England (d. 1858)

Person of interestIsambard Kingdom Brunel

1806 Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British engineer (SS Great Britain, Great Western Railway), born in Portsmouth, England (d. 1859)

  • 1812 Randolph Barnes Marcy, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Greenwich, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • 1821 Charles-Pierre Baudelaire, French poet and translator (Les Fleurs du mal), born in Paris, France (d. 1867)
  • 1826 Thomas Hewson Neill, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1885)
  • 1830 Eadweard Muybridge, English photographer, pioneer in study of motion, born in Kingston upon Thames, England (d. 1904)
  • 1835 Leopold II, King of Belgium (1865-1909), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1909)
  • 1848 Helene Lange, German feminist (honoured with the Grand Prussian State Medal), born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1930)
  • 1851 C. E. A. Wichmann, German-Dutch geologist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1927)
  • 1855 Gyula Reviczky, Hungarian author and poet, born in Kuzmice, Topoľčany District, Slovakia (d. 1889)
  • 1861 Charles Holroyd, English artist and curator, Director of the National Gallery (1906-16), born in Potternewton, Leeds (d. 1917)
  • 1864 Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti, English electrical engineer and inventor, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1930)
  • 1865 Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German-American electrical engineer (development of alternating current), born in Breslau, Province of Silesia, Prussia (d. 1923)

Person of interestErich Ludendorff

1865 Erich Ludendorff, German general during World War I, born in Kruszewnia, Prussia (d. 1937)

German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • 1867 Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (Labour Party), born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1941)
  • 1872 Léon Blum, Prime Minister of France (People's Front Government), born in Paris (d. 1950)
  • 1879 Gerald Kelly, British painter, born in London (d. 1972)
  • 1882 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1945)
  • 1883 Frank King, American cartoonist (Gasoline Alley), born in Cashton, Wisconsin (d. 1969)
  • 1888 Sol Hurok, American theatrical impresario, born in Pogar, Chernigov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1974)
  • 1899 James Smith McDonnell, American aviator and engineer, born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1980)
  • 1903 Gregory Pincus, American biologist and inventor (birth control pill), born in Woodbine, New Jersey (d. 1903)
  • 1903 Willem Pee, Belgian linguist, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1905 J. William Fulbright, American senator from Arkansas, known for opposition to the Vietnam War), born in Sumner, Missouri (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Hugh Gaitskell, British politician (Leader of the Labour Party), born in Kensington, London (d. 1963)
  • 1906 Victor Vasarely, Hungarian-French painter and author (Op Art), born in Pécs, Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1909 Domenico Enrici, Roman Catholic Curia Archbishop, born in Cervasca, Italy (d. 1997)
  • 1910 Abraham Ribicoff, American politician, U.S. Senator from Connecticut, born in New Britain, Connecticut (d. 1998)
  • 1911 Richard Arthur de Yarburgh-Bateson, 6th Lord Deramore, British architect, born in London (d. 2006)
  • 1912 Wilson Charles Geoffrey Baldwin, hero, born in Tendring, Essex (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Lew Kopelew, Russian author, born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1914 Richard Young, CEO (Boosey & Hawkes)
  • 1915 Daniel Johnson, Sr., Canadian politician, 20th Premier of Quebec, born in Danville, Quebec, Canada (d. 1968)
  • 1915 Bob Quinn, Australian Football Hall of Fame rover (All Australian captain 1947; SA captain 1945-47; Magarey Medal 1938, 45; Port Adelaide FC), born in Adelaide, South Australia (d. 2008)
  • 1917 Johannes Bobrowski, German poet and writer, born in Tilsit, East Prussia (d. 1965)
  • 1919 J. Presper Eckert, Jr., American engineer and co-inventor (1st electronic computer-ENIAC), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1920 David Walker, Professor of Law (Glasgow University)
  • 1921 Yitzhak Navon, President of Israel (1978-83), born in Jerusalem, British Mandate of Palestine (d. 2015)
  • 1922 Carl Amery [Christian Anton Mayer], German writer, born in Munich (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Gerald Moverley, first Bishop of the Diocese of Hallam in Yorkshire, born in Bradford, England (d. 1996)
  • 1922 Michael Palliser, head of British diplomatic service, born in Reigate, Surrey (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Michael Richardson, British investment banker and advisor to Margaret Thatcher known as "Mr Privatisation", born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Tom Jackson, British union leader (Post Office), born in Leeds, West Yorkshire (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Art Kane [Kanofsky], American art director (Seventeen Magazine), and portrait photographer (A Great Day In Harlem), born in New York City (d. 1995)
  • 1926 Graham Hills, English physical scientist and principal (Strathclyde University, England), born in Southend-on-Sea, Essex (d. 2014)
  • 1926 Harris Wofford, American politician (Sen-D-Pennsylvania 1991-94), head of AmeriCorps, born in New York City (d. 2019)

Person of interestHugh Hefner

1926 Hugh Hefner, American magazine publisher and businessman (Playboy), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)

Playboy Founder & Businessman Hugh Hefner
Playboy Founder & Businessman
Hugh Hefner
  • 1926 Gerry Fitt, Northern Irish politician (Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party), born in Beechmount, Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Michael Ogden, British barrister (Ogden Tables), born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1928 Brian Cubbon, British senior civil servant, born in Lancashire, England (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Floyd Spence, American attorney and politician (Rep-R-SC, 1971-2001), born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 2001)
  • 1930 F. Albert Cotton, American chemist, born in Philadelphia Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1930 Nathaniel Branden, Canadian-American psychotherapist, born in Brampton, Ontario, Canada (d. 2014)
  • 1931 Martin Rogers, director (Farmington Institute for Christian Studies)
  • 1931 Richard Hatfield, Canadian politician (26th Premier of New Brunswick), born in Hartland, New Brunswick (d. 1991)
  • 1932 Jim Fowler, American naturalist (Wild Kingdom), born in Albany, Georgia
  • 1932 Paul Krassner, American comic strip cartoonist (MAD Magazine) and founder (Yippies), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1932 Peter Moores, British businessman and director (Littlewoods), born in Lancashire, England (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Degtyaryov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Voronezh, Russia
  • 1933 Jacques Molicard, translator and navigator (d. 1995)
  • 1933 Richard Rose, American Professor of Public Policy (Strathclyde University), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • 1934 Bill Birch, New Zealand politician (38th Minister of Finance), born in Hastings, New Zealand
  • 1936 Valerie Solanas, American radical feminist and author of SCUM Manifesto who attempted to assassinate Andy Warhol in 1968, born in Ventnor City, New Jersey (d. 1988)
  • 1936 Michael Somare, British foreign affairs minister (Paupa & New Guinea), born in Rabaul, Territory of New Guinea
  • 1937 Simon Brown, Baron Brown of Eaton-under-Heywood, Justice of the Supreme Court of the U.K.
  • 1937 Barrington J. Bayley, English sci-fi author (Collision Course), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2008)
  • 1938 Viktor Chernomyrdin, Russian politician (Prime Minister of Russia), born in Chernyy Otrog, Russia (d. 2010)
  • 1940 Vasily Dmitriyevich Shcheglov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Melovashka, Ukraine (d. 1973)
  • 1942 Earl Hilliard, American politician (Rep-D-Alabama), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • 1946 Philip Wright, English rocker (Paper Lace), born in St. Ann's, Nottingham
  • 1950 Kenneth Cockrell, American astronaut (STS 56, 69, 80), born in Austin, Texas
  • 1950 Pierre Gagnaire, French chef, born in Apinac, France
  • 1954 Iain Duncan Smith, British politician, Leader of the Conservative Party (2001-03), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1955 Joolz Denby, English poet and novelist, born in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England
  • 1955 Kate Heyhoe, American editor and food writer, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1957 Martin Margiela, Belgian fashion designer, born in Genk, Belgium
  • 1958 Nigel Slater, English cook and writer (The Observer), born in Wolverhampton, England
  • 1963 Marc Jacobs, American fashion designer (Marc Jacobs, Louis Vuitton), born in NYC, New York
  • 1964 Doug Ducey, American businessman and politician, Governor of Arizona (2015-), born in Toledo, Ohio
  • 1965 Jay Wesley Neill, American convicted mass murderer (d. 2002)
  • 1967 Alex Kahn, American visual and performance artist and co-founder of the arts ensemble Processional Arts Workshop
  • 1973 Spencer "Spenny" Rice, Canadian entertainer, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1974 Alexander Pichushkin, Russian serial killer (known as The Chessboard Killer and The Bitsa Park Maniac), born in Mytishchi, Moscow Oblast, Russia
  • 1980 Yoanna House, American model, born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1981 Eric Harris, American mass murderer (Columbine High School shooter), born in Wichita, Kansas (d. 1999)
  • 1987 Sarah of Brunei, wife of Crown Prince of Brunei, born in Bandar Seri Begawan, Sultanate of Brunei
  • 1990 Marston Glenn Hefner, son of Hugh Hefner & Kimberley Conrad, born in Los Angeles, California

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1912 Detective writer Erle Stanley Gardner (22) weds Natalie Talbert

Detective Writer Erle Stanley Gardner
Detective Writer
Erle Stanley Gardner

LoveWedding of Interest

1913 US Admiral Chester Nimitz (28) weds Catherine Freeman (21) in Wollaston, Massachusetts

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz

LoveWedding of Interest

1953 Biologist Alexander Fleming (71) weds doctor Amalia Koutsouri-Vourekas (41)

LoveWedding of Interest

1964 Serial killer John Wayne Gacy (22) weds co-worker Marlynn Myers

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy

LoveWedding of Interest

2005 His Royal Highness Charles, Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles

Prince of Wales Prince Charles
Prince of Wales
Prince Charles
Duchess of Cornwall Camilla Parker Bowles
Duchess of Cornwall
Camilla Parker Bowles

Deaths in History

  • 585 BC Emperor Jimmu Tennō, According to legend the 1st Emperor of Japan (660 BC - 585 BC) and founder of the imperial dynasty, dies at 126
  • 93 Yuan An, Minister over the Masses of the Han dynasty
  • 491 Zeno, Eastern Roman Emperor (474-75, 476-91), dies at 66
  • 715 Constantine I, Greek/Syrian Pope (708-15), dies
  • 1024 Benedict VIII [Theophylactus van Tusculum], Pope (1012-24), dies
  • 1137 William X, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1099)

Person of interestEdward IV

1483 Edward IV, King of England (1461-70, 71-83), dies of unknown causes at 40

King of England Edward IV
King of England
Edward IV
  • 1484 Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales (b. 1473), son of Richard III King of England
  • 1492 Lorenzo de' Medici (the Magnificent), leading Florentine statesman and patron of the arts during Florentine Renaissance, dies at 43
  • 1553 Francois Rabelais, French author (Gargantua, Pantagruel), dies at 49
  • 1557 Michael Agricola, Finnish theologist/church reformer/bishop, dies

Person of interestFrancis Bacon

1626 Francis Bacon, English statesman and philosopher, dies from pneumonia at 65

Statesman/Philosopher Francis Bacon
Francis Bacon
  • 1654 Matei Basarab, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1588)
  • 1693 Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer, dies at 74
  • 1747 Simon Fraser, 12th baron Lovat Jacobite, last man beheaded in England
  • 1754 Christian von Wolff, German philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1761 William Law, British minister and theologian (b. 1686)
  • 1768 Sarah Fielding, English writer (The Adventures of David Simple), dies at 58

Person of interestJacques Necker

1804 Jacques Necker, French finance minister of Louis XVI whose decisions contributed to the outbreak of the French Revolution, dies at 71

Finance Minister Jacques Necker
Finance Minister
Jacques Necker
  • 1806 William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic, dies at 58
  • 1807 John Opie, English painter (The Murder of Rizzio), dies at 46
  • 1850 William Prout, physician/chemist, dies
  • 1862 George W Johnson, US planter/Confederate (gov-Ky), dies at about 50
  • 1865 Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish/US Union general-major, dies at 32
  • 1872 Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (Mayor of Albany, New York), dies at 77
  • 1876 Charles Goodyear, American politician (D-NY), dies at 71
  • 1882 Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter, dies at 53
  • 1886 Joseph V von Scheffel, German writer (Ekkehard), dies at 60
  • 1889 Michel Eugène Chevreul, French chemist (b. 1786)
  • 1898 James Ronald Chalmers, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 67
  • 1904 Isabella II, Queen of Spain (1833-68), dies at 73
  • 1909 Charles Conder, artist, dies
  • 1909 F. Marion Crawford, American author (Mr. Isaacs), dies at 54
  • 1914 Eben Sumner Draper, American businessman and politician (44th Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 55
  • 1917 Edward Thomas, poet, killed in WW I
  • 1917 James Hope Moulton, British scholar of Classical Greek (b. 1863)
  • 1922 Patrick Manson, Scottish physician and parasitologist (Father of tropical medicine), dies at 77
  • 1926 Zip the Pinhead, American freak show performer famous for his tapered head, dies at about 83
  • 1936 Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist and philosopher, dies at 80
  • 1944 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • 1945 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged
  • 1945 Hans Oster, German major general, spy and "July 20th plot", hanged at 57
  • 1945 Hans von Dohnanyi, "July 20th plotter", hanged
  • 1945 Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged
  • 1945 Georg Elser, German failed assassin of Hitler, dies at Dachau concentration camp at 42
  • 1948 George Carpenter, 5th General of The Salvation Army, dies at 75
  • 1948 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1951 Sadiq Hidajat, Persian writer (Hadji Aga), dies at 48
  • 1951 Vilhelm F K Bjerknes, Norwegian/US physicist/meteorology, dies at 89

Person of interestFrank Lloyd Wright

1959 Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect (Guggenheim) recognized as "the greatest American architect of all time", dies at 89

  • 1961 Zog I [Ahmed Zogu], King of Albania (1928-39), dies at 65
  • 1962 Juan Belmonte, famed bullfighter, dies at 70
  • 1966 Sutan Sjahrir, premier of Indonesia (1945-47), dies at 57

Person of interestJames F. Byrnes

1972 James F. Byrnes, American politician and statesman influential in domestic and foreign policy in the mid-1940s, dies at 89

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes
  • 1978 Clough Williams-Ellis, British architect known chiefly as the creator of the Italianate village of Portmeirion in North Wales, dies at 94
  • 1982 Robert H G Havemann, German chemist/dissident, dies
  • 1984 Basil Henry Blackwell, British publisher, dies
  • 1986 Jean Mogin, Belgian poet, dies at 64
  • 1992 Gale McGee, senator (Wyoming, 1959-77), dies at 77
  • 1994 Cor van Dis jr. [Cornelis Nicolas van Dis jr.], Dutch politician (1971-94), dies at 71
  • 1994 Keith Watson, British comic strip artist (Dan Dare), dies at 59
  • 1994 Raouf Khayrat, Egyptian general-major, murdered
  • 1995 Jim Bullock, English colliery manager, unionist and reformist, dies at 92
  • 1996 James Rouse, American builder (founder of The Rouse Company), dies at 81
  • 1996 Maisie Fitter, editor and conservationist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Richard Condon, American author (The Manchurian Candidate), dies at 81
  • 1996 Sandy Becker, NYC Kiddie TV Show host (Sandy Becker Show), dies at 74
  • 1997 Helene Hanff, author (84 Charing Cross Road), dies at 80
  • 1999 Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, Niger politician and general, assassinated at 49
  • 2002 Leopold Vietoris, Austrian mathematician (b. 1891)
  • 2005 Andrea Dworkin, American radical feminist (Pornography: Men Possessing Women), dies of heart failure at 58
  • 2007 Egon Bondy, Czech philosopher and writer (b. 1930)
  • 2013 David Hayes, American sculptor, dies from leukemia at 82
  • 2013 Zao Wou-Ki, Chinese French painter (Juin-Octobre 1985), dies at 93

Person of interestPrince Philip

2021 Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh and consort of Great Britain's Elizabeth II, dies at 99

Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip
Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip