On This Day

On This Day in History for August 1

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 186

Event of interestEvent of Interest

30 BC Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

527 Justinian I becomes the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire

Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I
Eastern Roman Emperor
Justinian I
  • 607 Ono no Imoko is dispatched as envoy to the Sui court in China (Traditional Japanese date: July 3, 607)
  • 649 Pope Martinus I chosen successor of Theodorus I [or 8/7]
  • 860 Peace of Koblenz: Charles the Bald, Louis the German & Lotharius II
  • 902 Aghlabid emir Ibrahim II of Ifriqiya destroys Taormina, Sicily
  • 1021 Synod of Pavia: emperor Henry II convicts married priest

Declaration of WarNorman Invasion of England

1086 Results of the Domesday inquiry presented to William the Conqueror in Salisbury (the date of compilation and the Great Domesday are historically contestable)

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William the Conqueror and his army land at Pevensey as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
William the Conqueror and his army land at Pevensey as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
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  • 1096 The People's Crusade led by Peter the Hermit arrives at Constantinople with 30,000 followers
  • 1177 Peace Treaty of Venice: Emperor Frederik I and Pope Alexander III
  • 1203 Alexius IV Angelus appointed co-regent of Byzantium
  • 1291 Everlasting League forms, basis of Swiss Confederation (Independence)
  • 1485 Henry Tudor's army sails to England (future Henry VII)

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1498 Christopher Columbus lands on "Isla Santa" (Venezuela)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1589 Assassination of French King Henry III by friar Jacques Clément
  • 1626 Earl Earnest Casimir conquers Oldenzaal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1628 Emperor Ferdinand II demands Austria Protestant convert to Catholicism

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
  • 1664 Battle at St Gotthard: Earl Raimondo Montecucculi beats Ahmed Kiprulu
  • 1690 Battle at Staffarda: French army beats Victor Amadeus of Savoy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1711 Surrounded Tsar Peter the Great flees Azov

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1714 Monarch Georg Ludwig becomes King George I of England

King George I
George I
  • 1715 First Doggett's Coat and Badge race (Waterman's race) held on Thames River (London Bridge to Chelsea)
  • 1717 Nicholas Rowe is appointed British Poet Laureate by George I
  • 1720 South Sea bubble reaches a frenzy in London as the stock price of the South Sea Company peaks at £1,000, collapses soon after and falls to £124 by December
  • 1732 Foundations laid for Bank of England
  • 1759 Battle at Minden, Westfalen: Ferdinand van Brunswick beats France

Historic InventionOxygen Discovered!

1774 English chemist Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen by isolating it in its gaseous state

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Illustration of Priestley's discovery of oxygen, by Henry Granger
Illustration of Priestley's discovery of oxygen, by Henry Granger
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  • 1780 Sweden declares neutrality

Victory in BattleSurrender at Yorktown

1781 British army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia

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'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War
'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War
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  • 1785 Caroline Herschel becomes 1st woman to discover a comet
  • 1789 US Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act
  • 1793 France becomes 1st country to use the metric system
  • 1794 Whiskey Rebellion begins in western Pennsylvania

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1798 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson attacks and decimates the French fleet at Aboukir Bay off the Nile Delta, Egypt

  • 1812 Rare tornado hits Westchester County, NY
  • 1814 Dutch King Willem I accepts blame in Southern defeat

  • 1820 London's Regent's Canal opens.
  • 1828 Bolton and Leigh Railway opens to freight traffic.
  • 1831 London Bridge opens to traffic
  • 1832 The Black Hawk War ends.

UKBritain Abolishes the Slave Trade

1834 Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into effect, abolishes slavery throughout the British Empire

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'Am I Not a Man and a Brother?' emblem used by some abolitionists determined to end the slave trade in the British Empire
'Am I Not a Man and a Brother?' emblem used by some abolitionists determined to end the slave trade in the British Empire
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 As part of their homeward journey on the HMS Beagle, Charles Darwin returns to Bahia in Brazil

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1838 Apprenticeship system abolished in most of the British Empire. Former slaves no longer indentured to former owners.
  • 1840 Labourer slaves in most of the British Empire are emancipated
  • 1842 Rotherhithe Tunnel under the Thames opens
  • 1842 Lombard Street Riot erupts in Philadelphia [1] [2]
  • 1852 San Francisco Methodists establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist
  • 1855 Castle Clinton in NYC opens as 1st US receiving station for immigrants
  • 1861 Brazil recognizes Confederacy
  • 1863 Battle of Little Rock, Arkansas; start of Chattanooga campaign
  • 1863 Cavalry action near Brandy Station-End of Gettysburg Campaign
  • 1867 Blacks vote for 1st time in a US state election in the South (Tennessee)
  • 1869 1st voyage down Colorado River
  • 1870 Irish Land Act gives rights to tenants of landlords in Ireland
  • 1876 Colorado becomes 38th state of the Union
  • 1881 US Quarantine Station authorized for Angel Island, San Francisco Bay

  • 1883 A papyrus offered to British Museum for £10,000 (forgery)
  • 1883 Amsterdam's Grand Hotel Krasnapolsky gets electric lights
  • 1883 Inland postal service begins in Great Britain
  • 1886 Great Britain annexes Kermadec-Island near New Zealand
  • 1888 The roof of Seville's cathedral collapses after an earthquake

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Lundi

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1896 George Samuelson completes rowing Atlantic (NY to England)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1900 The 1st Michelin Guide is published by the brothers Édouard and André Michelin as a hotel and restaurant reference guide to encourage more road travel and thus boost tire sales (exact date beyond Aug 1900 unknown) [1]

Industrialist and Publisher André Michelin
Industrialist and Publisher
André Michelin
  • 1901 Burials within San Francisco City limits prohibited
  • 1902 Building begins on Dutch public housing
  • 1902 Mine accident in Wollongong, Australia (100 die)
  • 1907 U.S. Army Signal Corps establish a small Aeronautical Division

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 Bank of Italy (later Bank of America) opens 1st branch at 3433 Mission Street, San Francisco

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • 1907 First Scout camp opens on Brownsea Island, in Poole Harbour, Dorset

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Omar Bradley, aged 18, begins education in West Point Military Academy

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1911 Transportation workers begin a major strike in England; part of a wave of industrial unrest
  • 1914 British Grand Fleet reaches Scapa Flow

BattleDeclaration of War

1914 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II of Russia in WWI

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
Tsar Nicholas II
Nicholas II
  • 1914 France and Germany mobilize their troops at outbreak of WWI
  • 1914 Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enters Luxembourg on outbreak of WWI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Marcus Garvey and others found the Universal Negro Improvement Association in Jamaica with aim of creating black-governed nation in Africa

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey
  • 1916 Hawaii National Park forms
  • 1917 Frank Little, IWW organizer, lynched in Butte, Montana
  • 1918 British troops enter Vladivostok

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Queen Wilhelmina opens 1st Air Fair in Amsterdam

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1920 Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia
  • 1922 Hendrikus Colijn becomes political editor-in-chief of The Standard
  • 1922 In Italy, the socialist 'Alianza del Lavoro' declare a national strike which collapses immediately and fascist forces destroy union and socialist headquarters
  • 1925 Shortwave-radio link between Kootwijk and Netherland East-Indies
  • 1926 Battles between Druze & French in Damascus
  • 1926 Failed assassination on General Primo de Rivera in Barcelona
  • 1932 George Washington quarter goes into circulation
  • 1933 Death penalty for anti-fascists in Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Dutch colonial regime in Batavia arrests Sukarno

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 National Recovery Administration (NRA) is founded with Hugh S. Johnson as its first director

Member of FDR's Brain Trust Hugh S. Johnson
Member of FDR's Brain Trust
Hugh S. Johnson
  • 1936 Benjamin Mays named president of Morehouse College
  • 1941 Luftwaffe bombs German 23rd division
  • 1941 The first Jeep is produced.
  • 1942 German occupier demands listing of all Dutch telephone subscribers
  • 1942 Race riots in Harlem, New York
  • 1943 Japan declares Burma Independence under U Ba Maw
  • 1943 Race riot in Harlem, NYC
  • 1943 Sunderland seaplanes sink U-454 & U-383

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1944 Adam Clayton Powell Jr. elected 1st African-American congressman from New York

Birthdays in History

Person of interestClaudius

10 BC Claudius, Roman Emperor (41-54), born in Lugdunum, Gaul (d. 54AD)

Roman Emperor Claudius
Roman Emperor
  • 126 Publius Helvius Pertinax, Roman Emperor (Year of the Five Emperors), born in Alba Pompeia, Italia (d. 193)
  • 1313 Emperor Kōgon of Japan (Ashikaga Pretenders), 1st Northern Emperor (d. 1364)
  • 1377 Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan, 100th Emperor of Japan (d. 1433)
  • 1495 Jan van Scorel, Dutch painter and architect, born in Schoorl, Netherlands (d. 1562)
  • 1520 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1572)
  • 1545 Andrew Melville, Scottish theologian and religious reformer, born in Baldovie, Angus, Scotland (d. 1622)
  • 1555 Edward Kelley, British spirit medium and Renaissance occultist, born in Worcester, England (d. 1597)
  • 1579 Luís Vélez de Guevara, Spanish writer (El diablo cojuelo), born in Écija, Seville, Spain (d. 1644)
  • 1626 Sabbatai Zevi, Montenegrin rabbi, kabbalist, and founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement, born in Ottoman Empire (d. 1676)
  • 1630 Thomas Clifford, English statesman (1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh), born in Ugbrooke, Devon, England (d. 1673)
  • 1642 Ahmed II, 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1695) [or born Feb 25, 1643]
  • 1713 Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1780)
  • 1714 Richard Wilson, Welsh landscape painter, born in Penegoes, Montgomeryshire, Wales (d. 1782)
  • 1738 Jacques François Dugommier, French general, born in Trois-Rivières, Guadeloupe, France (d. 1794)

Person of interestJean-Baptiste Lamarck

1744 Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French naturalist (Lamarckian evolution), born in Paris, France (d. 1829)

French Naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
French Naturalist
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
  • 1766 Jeffry Wyatville, English architect and garden designer (alterations and extensions to Chatsworth House and Windsor Castle), born in Burton upon Trent, England (d. 1840)

Person of interestWilliam Clark

1770 William Clark, American explorer, soldier, Indian agent and territorial governor who led the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-06 and claimed the Pacific Northwest for the United States, born in Ladysmith, Virginia (d. 1838)

Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • 1779 Lorenz Oken, German naturalist, born in Bohlsbach, Swabia (d. 1851)
  • 1786 Louis C Luzac, Dutch minister of Internal Affairs, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1861)
  • 1808 Henry Darwin Rogers, American Geologist (theory of mountain building, first geological mapping of Pennsylvania), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1866)
  • 1809 William Barret Travis, American lawyer and soldier (commander at Battle of the Alamo), born in Saluda County, South Carolina (d. 1836)
  • 1814 Ivan Gagarin, Russian Jesuit and founding editor of Études, born in Moscow (d. 1882)
  • 1814 Maxcy Gregg, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 1862)
  • 1815 Richard Henry Dana Jr., American author (Two Years Before the Mast), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • 1818 Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer (Vassar), born in Nantucket, Massachusetts (d. 1889)

Person of interestHerman Melville

1819 Herman Melville, American author (Moby-Dick, Billy Budd), born in NYC, New York (d. 1891)

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • 1843 Robert Todd Lincoln, American politician, lawyer, Captain (Union Army), son of President Abraham Lincoln, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1926)
  • 1858 Paul Barth, German philosopher and sociologist, born in Oleśnica, Poland (d. 1922)
  • 1862 M. R. James, English scholar and author (Ghost Stories of an Antiquary), born in Goodnestone, Dover, Kent (d. 1936)
  • 1863 Gaston Doumergue, 60th Prime Minister of France (1913-14 and 1934) and 1st protestant French President (1924-31), born in Aigues-Vives, France (d. 1937)
  • 1870 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian biologist who perfected the artificial insemination of animals and showed that his technology allowed one stallion to fertilize up to 500 mares, born in Shchigry, Kursk Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • 1877 Charlotte Hughes, British supercentenarian (lived under the rule of 6 monarchs and 24 British Prime Ministers), born in Middlesbrough, England (d. 1993)
  • 1877 Jan van den Tempel, Dutch politician (SDAP), born in Willemstad, North Brabant (d. 1955)
  • 1881 Rose Macaulay, English writer (The Towers of Trebizond), born in Rugby, Warwickshire, England (d. 1958)
  • 1885 George de Hevesy, Hungarian radiochemist (Nobel 1943), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1966)
  • 1886 Isaac Keesing, Dutch publisher and founder (System Keesing), born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • 1889 John Friend Mahoney, American physician who pioneered the treatment of syphilis with penicillin, born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 1957)
  • 1889 Walther Gerlach, German physicist who, with Otto Stern, co-discovered spin quantization in a magnetic field (Stern–Gerlach effect), born in Biebrich, Rhineland Palatinate, Germany (d. 1979)
  • 1892 Constant Burniaux, Belgian writer (The Abandoned) and art historian (Temps Inquiets), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1975)
  • 1895 Benjamin Mays, African-American educator (Morehouse, Howard University) and civil rights leader, born in Ninety Six, South Carolina (d. 1984)
  • 1902 Hendrik Johan Kruls, Dutch general and chief military authority (1944-46), born in Amsterdam (d. 1975)
  • 1902 Ruth Evelyn Mansfield, doctor (d. 1994)
  • 1903 Paul Horgan, American novelist (Mountain Standard Time), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1906 William Hayter, British diplomat and Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1953-57), born in Oxford, England (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Nigel Henderson, British Royal Navy admiral (d. 1993)
  • 1910 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist who covered the Spanish Civil War, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1937)
  • 1911 Ronald MacDonald, British major-general (WWII), born in Quetta, British India (d. 2005)
  • 1911 Jackie Ormes, African-American cartoonist (Torchy Brown), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1985)
  • 1912 Bryan Keith-Lucas, British political scientist, born in Fen Ditton, Cambridgeshire (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Masaya Hanai, Japanese businessman (d. 1995)
  • 1916 David Pollock, Viscount Hanworth, British barrister (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (Kamouraska), born in Sainte-Catherine-de-Fossambault, Quebec, Canada (d. 2000)
  • 1917 Benjamin Roberts, British industrial relations expert (London School of Economics), born in Leeds, England (d. 2011)
  • 1918 Wyndraeth Morris-Jones, British political scientist, born in Carmarthenshire (d. 1999)
  • 1919 Stanley Middleton, British novelist (Holiday, Three Wise Men), born in Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 2009)
  • 1920 Henrietta Lacks [Loretta Pleasant], African-American tobacco farmer whose cancer cells are the source of the HeLa cell line, extensively used in medical research since the 1950s (1st immortalised cell line), born in Roanoke, Virginia (d. 1951)
  • 1922 Frank Hauser, British theatrical director (Oxford Playhouse), born in Cardiff (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Georges Charpak, Polish-French physicist who invented and developed subatomic particle detectors (Nobel 1992), born in Paris, France (d. 2010)
  • 1925 Ernst Jandl, Austrian writer (Otto's Pug), born in Vienna (d. 2000)
  • 1926 Burton Stein, American historian, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1996)
  • 1927 André Cools, Belgian Minister of Budget, born in Flémalle-Grande, Belgium (d. 1991)
  • 1927 Franklyn Perring, English botanist (co-author of Atlas of the British Flora, 1962), born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1929 Ann Calvello, American roller derby queen, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 2006)
  • 1930 Károly Grósz, Hungarian communist politician, born in Miskolc, Hungary (d. 1996)
  • 1930 Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist and anthropologist, born in Denguin, France (d. 2002)
  • 1930 Jerry Frankel, American Broadway producer, born in Queens, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1931 Lucien Blackwell, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Whitsett, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Monty Losowsky, British physician and medical educator, born in London
  • 1932 Meir Kahane, American founder of the Jewish Defense League, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)
  • 1933 Erwin Nypels, Dutch economist and Minister of Housing (D66), born in Bloemendaal, North Holland
  • 1933 Richard Lloyd Jones, British secretary (Welsh Office 1985–93)
  • 1933 Ko Un, South Korean poet, born in Gunsan, North Jeolla Province
  • 1936 Yves Saint Laurent, French fashion designer, born in Oran, French Algeria (d. 2008)
  • 1937 Alhonse "Al" D'Amato, American lawyer and politician (U.S. Senator from New York, 1981-99), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1939 Robert James Waller, American author (Bridges of Madison County), born in Charles City, Iowa (d. 2017)
  • 1939 Stephen Sykes, Church of England bishop, born in Bristol, England (d. 2014)
  • 1941 Ronald Harmon Brown, American politician (Democratic Party), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1996)
  • 1944 Elske ter Veld, Dutch politician (State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 2017)
  • 1944 Yury Romanenko, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 26, 38, TM-2), born in Koltubanka, Russia
  • 1945 Douglas Osheroff, American physicist (Nobel 1996), born in Aberdeen, Washington
  • 1946 Rick Boucher, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia), born in Abingdon, Virginia
  • 1946 Richard O. Covey, American astronaut (STS 51I, 26, 38, 61) and USAF officer, born in Fayetteville, Arkansas
  • 1946 Tom Loeffler, American politician (member of the United States House of Representatives from central Texas), born in Fredericksburg, Texas
  • 1946 Fiona Stanley, Australian epidemiologist (Telethon Institute for Child Health Research), born in Little Bay, Sydney, Australia
  • 1947 Dennis Zine, American politician (Member of the Los Angeles City Council from the 3rd district), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1948 Bob Spink, British politician (MP for Castle Point in Essex), born in Haworth, Worth Valley, Yorkshire
  • 1948 Abdelmalek Sellal, Prime Minister of Algeria (2014 - present), born in Constantine, Algeria
  • 1949 Kurmanbek Bakiyev, 2nd President of Kyrgyzstan (2005-10), born in Masadan, Kyrgyzstan
  • 1950 Doug Tracht, American radio DJ (Greaseman), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1951 David Jasper, British theologian (University of Glasgow)
  • 1952 Zoran Đinđić, 6th Prime Minister of Serbia (2001-03), born in Bosanski Šamac, PR Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 2003)
  • 1956 Tom Leykis, American radio personality (The Tom Leykis Show), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1956 Doug Burgum, American businessman (Great Plains Software) and politician, Governor of North Dakota (2016-), born in Arthur, North Dakota
  • 1960 Micheál Martin, Irish politician, Prime Minister of Ireland (2020-), born in Cork, Ireland
  • 1961 Imad Khamis, Syrian politician and 67th Prime Minister of Syria (2016-present), born in Saqba, Syria
  • 1963 Koichi Wakata, Japanese astronaut (STS 72, sk: 92), born in Ōmiya, Saitama, Japan
  • 1963 Amber Rudd, British politician, Home Secretary (2016-18), born in London, England
  • 1966 James St. James, American author and nightlife personality, born in Saginaw, Michigan
  • 1976 Ivan Duque Márquez, Colombian politician, President of Colombia (2018-), born in Bogotá, Colombia

Weddings in History

  • 1404 Earl Engelbert I of Nassau marries Johanna of Poland

LoveWedding of Interest

1708 Future Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI (32) marries Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (16) at the church of Santa María del Mar, Barcelona

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI

LoveWedding of Interest

1912 Physicist Niels Bohr (26) weds Margrethe Norlund at a civil ceremony in Slagelse, Denmark

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr

Deaths in History

Person of interestMark Antony

30 BC Mark Antony [Marcus Antonius], Roman politician and general, commits suicide after he is defeated by Octavian at the Battle of Actium at 53

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
  • 371 St Eusebius of Vercelli, Italian bishop (b. c. 283)
  • 527 Justin I, Byzantine emperor (518-27), dies (b. c. 450)
  • 1137 Louis VI, King of France, dies (1108-37)
  • 1190 Floris III, Count of Holland, dies
  • 1227 Shimazu Tadahisa, Japanese warlord (b. 1179)
  • 1402 Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III of England, dies at 61
  • 1457 Laurentius Valla, Italian philosopher (Voluptate), dies at about 50

Person of interestCosimo de Medici

1464 cosimo de' Medici, Italian banker and de facto ruler of Florence, dies at 74

Florentine Ruler and Arts Patron Cosimo de Medici
Florentine Ruler and Arts Patron
Cosimo de Medici
  • 1541 Simon Grynaeus, German theologian (b. 1493)
  • 1546 Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (co-founder of Society of Jesus), dies at 39
  • 1557 Olaus Magnus, Swedish writer (b. 1490)
  • 1580 Albrecht Giese, German politician and diplomat (b. 1524)
  • 1589 Jacques Clément, French assassin of Henry III of France (b. 1567)
  • 1630 Federico Cesi, Italian naturalist and founder of the first modern scientific society, the Accademia dei Lincei, dies at 45
  • 1667 Paul Foot, lawyer/historian, dies at 48
  • 1708 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698), dies at 57

Person of interestAnne Stuart

1714 Anne Stuart, Queen of England (1702-14), dies at about 49

Queen of England Anne Stuart
Queen of England
Anne Stuart
  • 1743 Richard Savage, English poet and playwright, dies at about 46
  • 1787 Alfonso Liguori, Italian bishop and theologian, dies at 90
  • 1796 Robert Pigot, British army officer (b. 1720)
  • 1798 François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (killed in battle) (b. 1753)
  • 1812 Yakov Kulnev, Russian general (killed in battle) (b. 1763)
  • 1834 Robert Morrison, missionary in China/translated bible, dies
  • 1837 Walter Geikie, Scottish painter, dies at 41
  • 1851 William Joseph Behr, German writer (b. 1775)
  • 1857 Charles Turner, engraver, dies
  • 1866 John Ross, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, dies at 75
  • 1882 Henry Clarence Kendall, Australian poet (Bell Birds), dies of tuberculosis at 43
  • 1883 Karl Wilhelm Dindorf, classic scholar, dies
  • 1884 Heinrich Laube, writer, dies
  • 1887 Joseph Rainey, American politician, 1st African American in US House of Representatives (1870-1879), dies at 55
  • 1892 George Baird Hodge, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 64
  • 1895 Heinrich von Sybel, German historian (Geschichte des ersten Kreuzzugs), dies at 77
  • 1896 William Robert Grove, Welsh physicist and inventor of the first fuel cell, dies at 85
  • 1902 Ludwig Beckmann, painter, dies

Person of interestCalamity Jane

1903 Calamity Jane [Martha Jane Canary], American frontierswoman, dies at 51

Frontierswoman Calamity Jane
Calamity Jane
  • 1911 Konrad Duden, German linguist (Das, grosse Duden Lexicon), dies
  • 1917 Frank Little, American labor organizer (lynched) (b. 1879)
  • 1920 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, early Indian nationalist leader, dies at 64
  • 1925 John Pieter Veth, painter/lithographer/etcher/writer, dies at 61
  • 1926 Israel Zangwill, Jewish author (Children of The Ghetto) and Zionist leader, dies at 62
  • 1935 Arthur Dehon Little, American chemist (patented rayon), dies at 71
  • 1943 Ismar Elbogen, German/US learned/rabbi (Jewish Lexicon), dies at 68

Person of interestManuel L. Quezon

1944 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, Second President of Philippines (1935-42), dies of tuberculosis at 65

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon
  • 1946 Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht) executed at 45
  • 1954 Charles-A Cingria, writer, dies
  • 1957 Harvey Glatmin, 1st bondage-photo victim, executed [or 8/18/59]
  • 1962 Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Niemcy), dies at 62
  • 1963 Theodore Roethke, American poet (Praise to the end!), dies at 55
  • 1966 Charles Whitman, former marine, kills 16 at U of Texas, shot by cops
  • 1970 Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician (Nobel-1931), dies at 86
  • 1973 Walter Ulbricht, German politician (Head Of State, German Democratic Republic), dies at 80
  • 1974 Ildebrando Antoniutti, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1898)

Person of interestFrancis Gary Powers

1977 Francis Gary Powers, American spy captured by the USSR after his U-2 spy was shot plane in 1959, dies in a helicopter crash at 47

Pilot and Spy Francis Gary Powers
Pilot and Spy
Francis Gary Powers
  • 1985 Joseph Walker, cameraman, dies at 92
  • 1986 Willem Klein, variety artist, dies at about 73
  • 1986 Robert Wolfgang Schnell, German writer, dies at 70
  • 1988 John Dearden, American cardinal (1969-88) and archbishop of Detroit, dies at 80
  • 1990 Norbert Elias, German/English/Neth philosopher/sociologist, dies
  • 1992 Margarita Aliger, Russian poet (Zoja), dies at 76
  • 1993 Alfred Manessier, French painter (glass-in-lead), dies in car crash at 81
  • 1993 Anatoli Koretski, Russian major general, murdered
  • 1993 Lea Verschuuren-Smulders, Dut author (Kleutertje Luister), dies at 72
  • 1993 Viktor Polyanitshko, governor of Kaukasus, murdered
  • 1994 Gerard van de Groenekan, furniture maker/designer, dies at 90
  • 1996 Mohamed Farrah Aidid, President (ANS-CUS)/Somalia, dies
  • 1996 Pierre Lucien Claverie, bishop of Oran, dies at 58
  • 1996 Tadeusz Reichstein, Polish/Swiss chemist (Nobel 1950), dies at 99
  • 1996 Lucille Teasdale-Corti, Canadian physician and international aid worker (b. 1929)
  • 1997 Ngiratkel Etpison, president of Palau (1989-92), dies
  • 1999 Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian-born writer (b. 1897)
  • 2000 Hugh Hood, Canadian author (White Figure, White Ground), dies at 72
  • 2003 Guy Thys, Belgian football coach (b. 1922)
  • 2004 Philip Abelson, American physicist and Nobel Prize Laureate, dies at 91
  • 2005 Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1982-2005), dies at 84
  • 2005 Constant Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter (b. 1920)
  • 2005 WiBo, Dutch cartoonist, dies at 87
  • 2006 Jason Rhoades, American installation artist (b. 1965)
  • 2006 Bob Thaves, American cartoonist (Frank and Ernest), dies at 81
  • 2006 Iris Marion Young, American feminist and political scientist (b. 1949)
  • 2008 Harkishan Singh Surjeet, Indian politician (b. 1916)
11th President of the Philippines Corazon Aquino
11th President of the Philippines
Corazon Aquino
  • 2010 Lolita Lebrón, Puerto Rican nationalist (b. 1919)
  • 2016 Franciszek Macharski, Polish Cardinal, Archbishop of Krakow (1978-2005), dies at 87
  • 2016 Queen Anne of Romania [Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma], wife of Michael I King of Romania, dies at 92
  • 2020 Rodney H. Pardey, American poker player (2 x World Series of Poker C'ships; World Series of Poker Bracelets 1991, 94), dies of stroke complications at 75