On This Day

On This Day in History for August 13

Events in History

  • 3114 BC According to the Lounsbury correlation, the start of the Mayan calendar
  • 523 St John I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1099 Raniero elected as Pope Paschal II
  • 1326 Neopagan religious figure Aradia de Toscano initiated into a Dianic witchcraft cult, goes on to found tradition of Stregheria (according to Wicca writer Raven Grimassi)
  • 1415 King Henry V of England lands his army at the mouth of Seine River in France
  • 1516 The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1521 Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés capture Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc in Tenochtitlan marking the end of the Aztec Empire

The Last Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc
The Last Aztec Emperor
Cuauhtémoc
Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1536 Buddhist monks from Kyōto's Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1553 Spanish theologian and physician Michael Servetus arrested as a heretic in Geneva (put on trial the next day, eventually found guilty of heresy and burned to death)

Protestant Reformer and Theologian John Calvin
Protestant Reformer and Theologian
John Calvin
  • 1578 Duke Frans of Anjou recognized as protector of Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1608 John Smith's story of Jamestown's first days submitted for publication

Explorer John Smith
Explorer
John Smith

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1624 Cardinal Richelieu appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII

King of France Louis XIII
King of France
Louis XIII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1630 Ferdinand II dismisses supreme commander Albrecht von Wallenstein

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
General and Nobleman Albrecht von Wallenstein
General and Nobleman
Albrecht von Wallenstein
  • 1642 Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap
  • 1645 Sweden & Denmark sign Peace of Brömsebro
  • 1695 -15] French troops under Villeroi shoot in Brussels
  • 1696 State of Drenthe accredits Willem III as mayor

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1704 Battle of Blenheim (Second Battle of Höchstädt): A combined British, German and Dutch army led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, decisively beats the French and Bavarians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1732 Voltaire's tragic play "Zaire" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • 1740 Hunger strike in Rotterdam
  • 1784 British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company's rule in India under the control of the British Government.
  • 1788 Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792 Revolutionaries imprison French royals, including Marie Antoinette

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette
  • 1799 British fleet under Lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
  • 1814 Anglo-Dutch Treaty: Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to the British and transporting of slaves prohibited
  • 1852 Steamer "Atlantic" crossing Lake Erie from Buffalo to Detroit collides with a fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
  • 1864 Battle of Deep Bottom, Virginia (Strawberry Plains) & Fussell's Mill, Virginia
  • 1868 Earthquakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages in Peru & Ecuador

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 John A. Macdonald uses a silver hammer to pound a gold spike, officially completing the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway in British Columbia

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1889 William Gray of Hartford, Connecticut patents the coin-operated telephone
  • 1892 US black newspaper "Afro-American" begins publishing from Baltimore

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1898 US forces under Admiral George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish–American War

Admiral George Dewey
Admiral
George Dewey
  • 1902 English cricket team beats Australia by one wicket in a famous victory at The Oval, in London
  • 1906 Black soldiers raid Brownsville, Texas
  • 1907 1st taxicabs operate in New York City, imported by Harry N. Allen

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1908 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies

King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII

Royal CoronationA Royal Fantasy!

1913 Otto Witte, German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania

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Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist
Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist
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  • 1913 Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley of Sheffield, England
  • 1914 -14] German army occupies forts at Liege
  • 1914 Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota
  • 1917 A revolt in Catalonia, the province in northeast Spain that has long seen itself as independent
  • 1918 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 Flag designed by Marcus Garvey consisting of three horizontal stripes of red, black and green is adopted as the pan-African flag

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Simon Kaufman & Marc Connelly's comedic play "Dulcy" premieres in NYC

Playwright Marc Connelly
Playwright
Marc Connelly

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government

German Chancellor Gustav Stresemann
German Chancellor
Gustav Stresemann

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1923 Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as President

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1923 US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day
  • 1926 Enrique Tirabocchi of Argentina becomes the first to swim the English Channel from France to England (record 16 hours 33 minutes)
  • 1928 Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Adolf Hitler refuses President von Hindenburg's proposal to become vice-chancellor of Germany

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1935 Roller derby is born when the Transcontinental Roller Derby begins at the Chicago Coliseum
  • 1937 Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops

BattleBattle of Interest

1940 Battle of Britain: Hermann Goering's "Adlertag" (Eagle Day) offensive happens, intending to destroy the Royal Air Force; 47-48 German aircraft shot down, the RAF loses 25 planes

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1941 Red army evacuates Smolensk, Russia, as the German army advances

USAManhattan Project

1942 The 'Manhattan Project' commences, under the direction of US General Leslie Groves: its aim - to deliver an atomic bomb

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'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
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  • 1943 Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk from the German army in Kaluga Oblast, Russia
  • 1944 British 8th Army occupies Florence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, Miles Dempsey and Omar Bradley discuss a future breakthrough in the European theatre during World War II

British WWII General Miles Dempsey
British WWII General
Miles Dempsey
US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1946 Britain diverts illegal emmigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 US President Harry Truman gives military aid to Vietnamese regime of Bảo Đại

Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
Emperor of Vietnam
Bảo Đại
33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1951 Great Britain & Iraq sign new oil contract
  • 1953 4-5 million French go on strike against economizations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 US President Dwight Eisenhower establishes Government Contract Compliance Committee

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 21st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 31, All-Stars 6 (93,470)
  • 1959 US Military satellite Discoverer 5 launches into polar orbit
  • 1960 Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France
  • 1960 USSR withdraws advisors from China
  • 1961 Construction of the Berlin Wall begins in East Germany
  • 1963 US Customs agents confiscate 21 gold coins from Witte Museum, San Antonio, Texas
  • 1964 1st broadcast by Trans World Radio on Bonaire
  • 1970 Pamphlet bombs which scatter revolutionary African National Congress propaganda leaflets explode in Cape Town, Johannesburg, Durban and Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  • 1975 Bayardo Bar attack: Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers carry out a gun and bomb attack on a pub in Belfast frequented by Ulster Volunteer Force commanders; 4 Protestant civilians and 1 UVF member are killed
  • 1976 South Africa pledges support for a negotiated settlement in Rhodesia
  • 1977 1st test glide of space shuttle
  • 1977 Randy Bachman quits BTO, they disband
  • 1978 Bomb attack in Beirut, 175 killed
  • 1980 Suriname president Johan Ferrier ousted
  • 1980 Tatyana Kazankina of USSR sets 1.5k woman's record (3:52.47) in USSR
  • 1984 Morocco & Libya sign "Arabic-African Union" treaty
  • 1985 South African Defence Force soldiers, travelling in a convoy of more than ten armoured vehicles, surrounded the Thaba-Juluba high school in Soweto and arrest 200 students during a clampdown on school boycotts
  • 1986 KRE-AM in Berkeley CA changes call letters to KBLX (now KBFN)
  • 1987 Cards outfield sets record of no putouts in a 4-2 in 13 inning
  • 1987 Jackie Joyner-Kersee ties world record with 24'5½" jump
  • 1988 Palace of Auburn Hills in Detroit opens
  • 1988 Ronald J Dossenbach sets world record for pedaling across Canada from Vancouver, BC to Halifax, NS in 13 days, 15 hr, 4 min
  • 1989 2 hot-air balloons crash at Alice Springs, Australia, 13 killed
  • 1989 US space shuttle STS-28 lands
  • 1991 US Vice-President Dan Quayle makes a speech attacking lawyers
  • 1993 Hotel in Nakhon Ratchasima Thailand, collapses, 114 killed
  • 1993 US Court of Appeals rules congress must save all E-Mail
  • 1994 Train crash in Tbilisi, Georgia, 24 killed
  • 1996 Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 3.0
  • 1997 South Park's first episode is aired.
  • 2004 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi
  • 2004 Black Friday crackdown by NSS on a peaceful protest in the capital city of Maldives, Malé.
  • 2004 Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area.
  • 2008 The Baltic state slides into recession with a 0.9% fall in second-quarter GDP after a drop of 0.5% in the first quarter; it falls deeper into recession in the third quarter when the economy contracted 3.3%
  • 2014 Israeli and Palestinian cease fire agreed to on August 8 is extended for another 120 hours to provide time for further negotiations
  • 2014 Iranian mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani is the first woman to win the Fields Medal in mathematics

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Swedish Prosecutors announce they are dropping allegations against Wikileaks founder Julian Assange of sexual molestation and coercion

Wikileaks Founder Julian Assange
Wikileaks Founder
Julian Assange

Birthdays in History

  • 582 Arnulf of Metz, French bishop and saint, born in Lay-Saint-Christophe, France (d. 640)
  • 1311 King Alfonso XI of Castile and Leon, born in Salamanca. Spain (d. 1350)

Person of interestWilliam Caxton

1422 William Caxton, English printer and translator, 1st to print in the English language (Histories of Troy), born in Kent, England (d. 1492) birth date disputed

  • 1584 Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English politician, born in Saffron Waldon, Essex, England (d. 1640)
  • 1617 Johannes Andreas Quenstedt, German Lutheran theologian, born in Quedlinburg, Germany (d. 1688)
  • 1625 Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician and physicist, born in Roskilde, Denmark (d. 1698)
  • 1662 Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician, born in Wiltshire, England (d. 1748)
  • 1666 William Wotton, English theologian and scholar, born in Wrentham, Suffolk (d. 1727)
  • 1699 John Dyer, British poet, born in Aberglasney, Wales (Baptism date)
  • 1700 Heinrich von Brühl, German statesman, born in Gangloffsömmern, Thuringia, Germany (d. 1763)
  • 1717 Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French nobleman and military leader, born in Paris (d. 1776)
  • 1748 Pieter L. van de Kasteele, Dutch politician and patriot, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1810)
  • 1752 Maria Carolina of Austria, Queen of the Two Sicilies, born in Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna (d. 1814)
  • 1764 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general, born in Paris (d. 1813)
  • 1790 William Wentworth, Australian explorer and politician, born in Norfolk Island (d. 1872)
  • 1792 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom, born in Meiningen, Germany (d. 1849)
  • 1802 Nikolaus Lenau, Hungarian-German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser), born in Lenauheim, Banat, Romania (d. 1850)
  • 1803 Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher & writer, born in Moscow (d. 1869)
  • 1814 Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (Spectroscopy), born in Lögdö, Medelpad, Sweden (d. 1874)
  • 1818 Lucy Stone, American abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association), born in West Brookefield, Massachusetts (d. 1893)
  • 1819 George Gabriel Stokes, Irish physicist and mathematician (spectroscope), born in Skreen, County Sligo, Ireland (d. 1903)
  • 1820 George Grove, English biblical scholar and misicographer, born in Clapham, London (d. 1900)
  • 1820 Joseph Alberdingk Thijm, Dutch poet (Dietsche Warande), born in Amsterdam (d. 1889)
  • 1823 Goldwin Smith, English historian and journalist, born in Reading, Berkshire (d. 1910)
  • 1851 Felix Adler, German-American educator of political and social ethics, born in Alzey, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Germany (d. 1933)

Person of interestAnnie Oakley

1860 Annie Oakley [Phoebe Ann Moses], American sharp shooter (Buffalo Bill's Wild West), born in North Star, Ohio (d. 1926)

Sharp Shooter Annie Oakley
Sharp Shooter
Annie Oakley
  • 1866 Giovanni Agnelli, Italian industrialist and founder of Fiat Automaker, born in Villar Perosa, Italy (d. 1945)
  • 1867 William Alexander Craigie, Scottish lexicographer (Skotlands Rimur), born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1957)
  • 1871 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1872 Richard Willstätter, German chemist (Nobel 1915), born in Karlsruhe, Baden (d. 1942)
  • 1878 Salomon "Sam" de Wolff, Dutch zionist and socialist theorist, born in Sneek, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • 1881 Jacqueline Reyneke van Stuwe, Dutch author, born in Muntok, Indonesia (d. 1955)
  • 1886 Jacobus Hendrik Pierneef, South African painter, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 1957)
  • 1887 Julius Freed [Fried], American namesake and co-founder of Orange Julius fast food chain, born in Montana (d. 1952)

Person of interestJohn Logie Baird

1888 John Logie Baird, Scottish inventor and father of the television, born in Helensburgh, Scotland (d. 1946)

Inventor of Television John Logie Baird
Inventor of Television
John Logie Baird
  • 1888 Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor, born in Smolensk, Russia (d. 1975)
  • 1889 Camillien Houde, French Canadian politician and Mayor of Montreal, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1958)
  • 1890 [Lavinia] Marian Fleming Poe, African American advocate in Virginia, born in Warwick, County, Virginia (d. 1974)
  • 1902 Bartoes [Albertus J. Wijstma], Dutch singer and cabaret performer, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1976)
  • 1902 Felix Wankel, German inventor (Wankel rotary-piston engine), born in Lahr, Germany (d. 1988)
  • 1902 Alan Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury, British business executive, born in London (d. 1998)
  • 1907 Basil Spence, British architect, born in Bombay, India (d. 1976)
  • 1911 James Benton Parson, American judge, 1st African American federal judge, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1993)
  • 1911 William Bernbach, American advertising creative director, born in NYC, New York (d. 1982)
  • 1912 Jan Peeters, Dutch water colors painter and monument artist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1992)
  • 1912 Metten Koornstra, Dutch painter and graphic artist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • 1912 Salvador Luria, Italian-American microbiologist (Nobel Prize for medicine 1969 genetic structure of viruses), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1991)
  • 1913 Albert Oram, Baron Oram, British Labour politician, born in Winchester, England (d. 1999)
  • 1913 Makarios III [Michail Moeskos], Greek Cypriot clergyman and politician, born in Panayia, Paphos, Cyprus (d. 1977)
  • 1918 Denis Smallwood, British air chief marshal, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1997)
  • 1918 Frederick Sanger, British biochemist (Sanger sequencing, Nobel Prize 1958, 1980), born in Rendcomb, Gloucestershire, England (d. 2013)
  • 1918 John Bunting, Australian diplomat and senior civil servant, born in Ballarat, Victoria (d. 1995)
  • 1919 Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (Cathedral of Tomorrow), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2007)
  • 1924 John Milne, British CEO (Blue Circles Industries), born in Manchester, England

Person of interestFidel Castro

1926 Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary, Prime Minister (1959-76) and President (1976-2008), born in Birán, Holguin Province (d. 2016)

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1929 Michael Beavis, British deputy Commanding-in-Chief (Allied Forces Central Europe) (d. 2020)
  • 1931 Roy Evans, British trade unionist and General Secretary (British Iron & Steel Trade Confederation), born in Pontarddulais, Wales (d. 2015)
  • 1933 Jocelyn Elders, 15th US Surgeon General (1993-94) 1st African American holder, born in Schaal, Arkansas
  • 1935 Rod Hull, British entertainer, born on Isle of Sheppey, Kent (d. 1999)
  • 1939 Saul Steinberg, American businessman, founder of Leasco and CEO of Reliance Insurance Company, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1940 Ann Armstrong Dailey, American founder (Children's Hospice International), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1942 Robert Lee Stewart, American Brigadier General and astronaut (STS 41B, 51J), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1943 Yuri Fedorovich Isaulov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Omsk, Russia
  • 1945 Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician (Minister of Health and Social Affairs), born in Sala, Sweden
  • 1945 Howard Marks, British drug dealer and author (Mr Nice), born in Kenfig Hill, Wales (d. 2016)

Person of interestJanet Yellen

1946 Janet Yellen, American economist (Chair of US Federal Reserve 2014-18), born in Brooklyn, New York

Economist and Chair of the Federal Reserve Janet Yellen
Economist and Chair of the Federal Reserve
Janet Yellen
  • 1947 Margareta Winberg, Swedish politician (Minister of Gender Equality), born in Sjuntorp, Sweden
  • 1948 Mosiuoa Lekota, South African UDF/ANC leader, born in Kroonstad, South Africa
  • 1949 Peter Visclosky, American politician (Rep-D-Indiana, 1985-2021), born in Gary, Indiana
  • 1952 Herb Ritts, American fashion photographer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2002)
  • 1952 Tom Marino, American politician (Rep-R-Pennsylvania 2011-2019), born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania
  • 1953 Kristalina Georgieva, Bulgarian economist, Head of the IMF (2019-), born in Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 1954 Lincoln Díaz-Balart, Cuban-American attorney and politician (Rep-R-Florida), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1958 Randall Shughart, American soldier and Medal of Honor recipient, born in Lincoln, Nebraska (d. 1993)
  • 1958 Domenico Dolce, Italian fashion designer (Dolce & Gabbana), born in Polizzi Generosa, Italy
  • 1961 Tom Perrotta, American novelist (Little Children), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1962 Lady Bunny [Jon Ingle], American drag queen, promoter and founder of the annual Wigstock event, born in Chattanooga, Tennessee
  • 1967 Amélie Nothomb, Belgian writer (Fear and Trembling), born in Kobe, Japan
  • 1970 Will Clarke, American novelist (The Neon Palm of Madame Melançon), born in Shreveport, Louisiana
  • 1972 Kevin Plank, American entrepreneur (Under Armour), born in Kensington, Maryland
  • 1973 Molly Henneberg, American journalist (Fox News Channel)
  • 1973 Kamila Shamsie, Pakistani British writer (Home Fire), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • 1979 Taizō Sugimura, Japanese politician, born in Asahikawa, Hokkaidō
  • 1982 Sarah Sanders, American political operative, Trump's White House Press Secretary (2017-19), born in Hope, Arkansas
  • 1982 Ibram X. Kendi, American author and antiracist activist, born in Queens, New York
  • 1992 Katharine Close, Scripps National Spelling Bee champion

Weddings in History


LovePerson of Interest

1514 French King Louis XII (52) marries by proxy Mary Tudor (18), sister of Henry VIII, at Greenwich Palace, England

King of France Louis XII
King of France
Louis XII

LoveWedding of Interest

1868 Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier (26) weds Zoé Lafontaine (27) in Montreal, Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier

LoveWedding of Interest

1943 Evangelist Billy Graham (24) weds philanthropist and Christian author Ruth Bell (23) in Montreat, North Carolina

Evangelist Billy Graham
Evangelist
Billy Graham

Deaths in History

  • 586 St. Radegund, Frankish princess, wife of Clotaire I and founder of the Convent of Our Lady of Poitiers
  • 662 Maximus Confessor, Greek theologian and court secretary to the Emperor, dies soon after his conviction for heresy when his hand and tongue were cut off (b. c. 580)
  • 900 Zwentibold, king of Lutherans (895-900), dies in battle at 29
  • 1134 Irene of Hungary [Piroska], Byzantine empress, dies at 46
  • 1191 Philips van Heinsberg, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1278 Daikaku, Zen teacher Rinzai line/head of Kenchoji, dies in Japan at 65
  • 1382 Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (b. 1358)
  • 1523 Gerard David, Flemish painter
  • 1617 Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss Protestant clergyman, dies at 76
  • 1637 Dirck Bas, Dutch merchant, regent, government leader (OIC), dies
  • 1667 Jeremy Taylor, Irish author and bishop (b. 1613)
  • 1674 Lars Johnstown [Lasse Lucidor], Swedish poet, dies at 35
  • 1686 Louis Maimbourg, French-born historian (b. 1610)
  • 1721 Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer, dies at 56
  • 1744 John Cruger, Dutch-born Mayor of New York (b. 1678)
  • 1749 Johann Elias Schlegel, German writer and critic, dies at 30
  • 1762 John Alberti, Dutch theologian, dies at 64
  • 1787 Isaac de Pinto, Dutch merchant (Dutch East India Company), and scholar, dies at 70
  • 1826 René Laënnec, French physician who invented the stethoscope, dies of tuberculosis at 46
  • 1860 Danillo II, ruler of Montenegro, dies
  • 1863 Eugène Delacroix, French painter and etcher (Journal), dies at 65
  • 1865 Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician who discovered the cause of puerperal (childbed) fever and introduced antisepsis into medical practice, dies at 47
  • 1895 Christian Bernhard Tauchnitz, German publisher (T Edition), dies at 79
  • 1896 John Everett Millais, English painter (Order of Release), dies at 67
  • 1897 Antonius von der Linde, Dutch German librarian, dies at 63

Person of interestCollis P. Huntington

1900 Collis P. Huntington, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad), dies at 78

Business Tycoon Collis P. Huntington
Business Tycoon
Collis P. Huntington

Person of interestFlorence Nightingale

1910 Florence Nightingale, British pioneering nurse (Crimean War), dies at 90

  • 1912 Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement, dies of cancer at 73
  • 1913 August Bebel, German politician, leading social-democrat, dies at 73
  • 1927 James Oliver Curwood, American journalist and writer (Valley of Silent Men), dies at 49
  • 1937 Arthur Plunkett, English civil engineer (designed Sydney Harbour Bridge) (b. 1890)

Person of interestH. G. Wells

1946 H. G. Wells, English sci-fi author (The War of the Worlds, Time Machine), dies at 79

Author H. G. Wells
Author
H. G. Wells
  • 1958 Otto Witte, acrobat and, purportedly, King of Albania (b. 1868)
  • 1964 Peter Anthony Allen is the last person executed (for murder) in England and United Kingdom at Walton Prison, Liverpool
  • 1965 Ikeda Hayato, Prime Minister of Japan (1960-64), dies at 65
  • 1973 Ben van Eysselsteijn, Dutch playwright (Arid Earth), dies at 75
  • 1974 Kate O'Brien, Irish writer (Pray for the Wanderer), dies at 76
  • 1977 Henry Williamson, English author (Tarka the Otter), dies
  • 1985 J. Willard Marriott, American entrepreneur and hotelier (founder of Marriott Corporation), dies at 84
  • 1988 Otto Passman, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana (1947-77), dies at 88
  • 1989 Larkin Smith, U.S. Representative from Mississippi (b. 1944)
  • 1991 Jack Ryan, inventor (Barbie Doll, Hot Wheels), dies at 65
  • 1992 Jan Elburg [Joannes G], poet (Geen letterheren), dies
  • 1994 Manfred Wörner, German general and Secretary-General of NATO (1988-94), dies at 59
  • 1995 Alison Hargreaves, British mountaineer and 1st woman to climb Mount Everest alone without bottled oxygen (1995), dies in a storm on top of K2 summit, Pakistan at 33
  • 1995 Per-Jakez Helias, Writer/teacher, dies at 81
  • 1995 Jan Křesadlo, Czech-British psychologist and writer, dies at 68
  • 1996 António de Spínola, Portuguese general and conservative President of Portugal (1974), dies of a pulmonary embolism at 86
  • 1996 Christopher John Gray, English Anglican priest, murdered in front of his own vicarage in Liverpool at 32 [1] [2]
  • 1996 David Randall, British priest, founder of Cara, dies at 49
  • 1996 W Gordon Smith, playwright, dies at 67
  • 1998 Julien Green, American-French writer (Frere Francois), dies at 97
  • 2000 Antony Duff, British diplomat, Head of MI5, advocate for the homeless, dies at 80

Person of interestDavid Lange

2005 David Lange, 32nd Prime Minister of New Zealand (Labour: 1984-89), dies of complications associated with renal failure and diabetes at 63

New Zealand Prime Minister David Lange
New Zealand Prime Minister
David Lange
  • 2007 Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (b. 1902)
  • 2007 Yone Minagawa, Japanese woman, oldest person (114) (b. 1893)
  • 2008 Bill Gwatney, American political figure (b. 1959)
  • 2008 Jack Weil, American oldest working CEO (b. 1901)
  • 2008 Sandy Allen, American second-tallest woman in the world (b. 1955)
  • 2008 Henri Cartan, French Mathematician, dies at 104
  • 2010 Edwin Newman, American broadcast journalist (b. 1919)
  • 2012 Helen Gurley Brown, American author/publisher, dies at 90
  • 2016 Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian Hindu spiritual leader (BAPS), dies at 94
  • 2016 Françoise Mallet-Joris, Belgian writer (Signs & Wonders), dies at 86