On This Day in History for August 13

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 115

  • 3114 BC According to the Lounsbury correlation, the start of the Mayan calendar
  • 523 St John I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1099 Raniero elected as Pope Paschal II
  • 1326 Aradia de Toscano, according to legend/folklore, is initiated into a Dianic witchcraft cult and subsequently founds the tradition of Stregheria, later known as the Malandanti.
  • 1415 King Henry V of England army lands on mouth of Seine River
  • 1516 The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1521 Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés capture Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc in Tenochtitlan marking the end of the Aztec Empire

The Last Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc
The Last Aztec Emperor
Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1536 Buddhist monks from Kyōto's Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1553 Michael Servetus is arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic.

Protestant Reformer and Theologian John Calvin
Protestant Reformer and Theologian
John Calvin
  • 1578 Duke Frans of Anjou recognized as protector of Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1608 John Smith's story of Jamestown's first days submitted for publication

Explorer John Smith
John Smith
  • 1624 Cardinal Richelieu appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII
  • 1630 Ferdinand II dismisses supreme commander Albrecht von Wallenstein
  • 1642 Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap
  • 1645 Sweden & Denmark sign Peace of Brömsebro
  • 1695 -15] French troops under Villeroi shoot in Brussels
  • 1696 State of Drenthe accredits Willem III as mayor
  • 1704 Battle of Blenheim (aka Second Battle of Höchstädt): a combined British, German & Dutch army led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, decisively beat French & Bavarian forces.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1732 Voltaire's "Zaire" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
  • 1740 Hunger strike in Rotterdam
  • 1784 British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company's rule in India under the control of the British Government.
  • 1788 Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792 Revolutionaries imprison French royals, including Marie Antoinette

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette
  • 1799 British fleet under Lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
  • 1814 Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to British by the Dutch
  • 1814 Treaty of London-Netherland stops transporting slaves
  • 1852 Steamer "Atlantic" crossing Lake Erie from Buffalo to Detroit collided with a fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
  • 1864 Battle of Deep Bottom VA (Strawberry Plains) & Fussell's Mill VA
  • 1868 Earthquakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages (Peru & Ecuador)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 John A. Macdonald uses a silver hammer to pound a gold spike, officially completing the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway in British Columbia

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1889 William Gray patents coin-operated telephone
  • 1892 US black newspaper "Afro-American" begins publishing from Baltimore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 US forces under Admiral George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-American War

Admiral George Dewey
George Dewey
  • 1902 England beat Australia by one wicket at The Oval Famous victory
  • 1906 Black soldiers raid Brownsville, Texas
  • 1907 1st taxicabs operate in New York City, imported by Harry N. Allen
  • 1908 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies
  • 1913 Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.
  • 1913 Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley, Sheffield, England
  • 1914 -14] German army occupies forts at Liege
  • 1914 Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota
  • 1917 A revolt in Catalonia, the province in northeast Spain that has long seen itself as independent.
  • 1918 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany
  • 1919 Man o'War's only defeat (Upset wins at Saratoga)
  • 1921 Simon Kaufman & Marc Connelly's "Dulcy" premieres in NYC
  • 1923 Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1923 Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as President

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1923 US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day
  • 1928 Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Hitler refuses President von Hindenburg's proposal to become vice-chancellor of Germany

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1935 Transcontinental Roller Derby begins (Chicago Coliseum)

  • 1937 Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops
  • 1939 Yankees set AL shutout margin with 21-0 victory over A's
  • 1939 Sabotage suspected in crash of 'City of San Francisco'

BattleBattle of Interest

1940 Hermann Goering's "Adler Tag" (Eagle day); 45-48 German aircraft shot down over Southern England (Battle of Britain)

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1941 Red army evacuates Smolensk
  • 1943 Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk
  • 1944 British 8th Army occupies Florence
  • 1944 Generals Montgomery/Dempsey/Bradley discuss a future breakthrough
  • 1946 Britain diverts illegal emmigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 US President Harry Truman gives military aid to Vietnamese regime of Bao-Dai

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1951 Great Britain & Iraq sign new oil contract
  • 1953 4-5 million French go on strike against economizations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 US President Dwight Eisenhower establishes Government Contract Compliance Committee

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1953 General Omar Bradley becomes US chief of staff
  • 1955 Larry Doby's ends AL record of 167 errorless games in outfield
  • 1959 US Military satellite Discoverer 5 launched (into polar orbit)
  • 1960 Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France
  • 1960 USSR withdraws advisors from China
  • 1961 Construction of the Berlin Wall begins in East Germany
  • 1962 Bert Campaneris of Daytona Beach (FSL) pitches ambidextrously
  • 1963 US Customs agents confiscate 21 gold coins from Witte Museum, San Antonio, Texas
  • 1963 Warren Spahn sets left-hander strike out mark at 2,382
  • 1964 1st broadcast by Trans World Radio on Bonaire
  • 1966 8th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games close in Kingston, Jamaica
  • 1969 Balt Oriole Jim Palmer no-hits Oakland A's, 8-0
  • 1969 Temp Commissioner Bowie Kuhn elected for 7-year term by unanimous vote
  • 1970 Pamphlet bombs which scatter revolutionary African National Congress propaganda leaflets explode in Cape Town, Johannesburg, Durban and Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  • 1975 Bayardo Bar attack: Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers carry out a gun and bomb attack on a pub in Belfast frequented by Ulster Volunteer Force commanders; 4 Protestant civilians and 1 UVF member are killed
  • 1976 South Africa pledges support for a negotiated settlement in Rhodesia
  • 1977 1st test glide of space shuttle
  • 1977 Randy Bachman quits BTO, they disband
  • 1978 Bomb attack in Beirut, 175 killed
  • 1978 Yanks score 5 runs in top of 7th. but rain causes game to be halted & thus score goes back to previous inning, Balt wins 3-0
  • 1979 Lou Brock, is 14th to get 3,000 hits
  • 1980 Suriname president Johan Ferrier ousted
  • 1980 Tatyana Kazankina of USSR sets 1.5k woman's record (3:52.47) in USSR
  • 1984 Morocco & Libya sign "Arabic-African Union" treaty
  • 1985 South African Defence Force soldiers, travelling in a convoy of more than ten armoured vehicles, surrounded the Thaba-Juluba high school in Soweto and arrest 200 students during a clampdown on school boycotts
  • 1986 KRE-AM in Berkeley CA changes call letters to KBLX (now KBFN)
  • 1987 Cards outfield sets record of no putouts in a 4-2 in 13 inning
  • 1987 Jackie Joyner-Kersee ties world record with 24'5½" jump
  • 1988 Palace of Auburn Hills in Detroit opens
  • 1988 Ronald J Dossenbach sets world record for pedaling across Canada from Vancouver, BC to Halifax, NS in 13 days, 15 hr, 4 min
  • 1989 2 hot-air balloons crash at Alice Springs, Australia, 13 killed
  • 1989 US space shuttle STS-28 lands
  • 1991 US Vice-President Dan Quayle makes a speech attacking lawyers
  • 1993 Hotel in Nakhon Ratchasima Thailand, collapses, 114 killed
  • 1993 US Court of Appeals rules congress must save all E-Mail
  • 1994 Train crash in Tbilisi, Georgia, 24 killed

Birthdays in History

  • 582 Arnulf of Metz, French bishop and saint (d. 640)
  • 1311 King Alfonso XI of Castile and Leon (d. 1350)
  • 1422 William Caxton, 1st English printer (Histories of Troy)
  • 1584 Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English politician (d. 1640)
  • 1617 Johann A Quenstedt, German Lutherian theologist
  • 1625 Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and physicist (d. 1698)
  • 1655 Johann Christoph Denner, inventor (clarinet)
  • 1662 Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician (d. 1748)
  • 1666 William Wotton, English scholar (d. 1727)
  • 1699 John Dyer, British poet, born in Aberglasney, Wales (Baptism date)
  • 1700 Heinrich, count von Brühl, German statesman (d. 1763)
  • 1717 Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French military leader (d. 1776)
  • 1748 Pieter L. van de Kasteele, Dutch politician and patriot
  • 1752 Marie Caroline of Austria, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1814)
  • 1764 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general (d. 1816)
  • 1790 William Wentworth, Australian explorer and politician (d. 1872)
  • 1792 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1849)
  • 1802 Nikolaus Lenau, Hungarian German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser)
  • 1803 Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1869)
  • 1814 Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (d. 1874)
  • 1818 Lucy Blackwell-Stone, US abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association)
  • 1819 George Gabriel Stokes, physicist/mathematician (spectroscope)
  • 1820 George Grove, biblical scholar/misicographer, born in London, England
  • 1820 Joseph Alberdingk Thijm, [Pauwels Foreestier], poet (Dietsche Warande)
  • 1823 Goldwin Smith, English-born historian and journalist (d. 1910)
  • 1851 Felix Adler, German-born educator (d. 1933)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1860 Annie Oakley [Phoebe Ann Moses], American sharp shooter (Buffalo Bill's Wild West), born in North Star, Ohio (d. 1926)

Sharp Shooter Annie Oakley
Sharp Shooter
Annie Oakley
  • 1866 Giovanni Agnelli, Italian industrialist (d. 1945)
  • 1867 William A Craigie, Scottish lexicographer (Skotlands Rimur)
  • 1871 Karl Liebknecht, German revolutionary marxist (Sparta Party)
  • 1872 Richard Willstätter, German chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1942)
  • 1878 Salomon "Sam" de Wolff, Dutch zionist/socialist theorist
  • 1881 Jacqueline [Pierrette] R van Stuwe, [Eline v S], Dutch author
  • 1886 Jacob Pierneef, South Africa, painter
  • 1887 Julius Freed, American inventor and banker (d. 1952)
  • 1888 Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor (d. 1975)
  • 1889 Camillien Houde, Quebec politician, mayor of Montreal (d. 1958)
  • 1890 [Lavinia] Marian Fleming Poe, African American advocate in Virginia
  • 1902 Bartoes, [Albertus J Wijstma], cabaret performer/comic
  • 1902 Felix Wankel, German inventor (Wankel rotary-piston engine)
  • 1902 Lord Sainsbury of Drury Lane, president (J Sansbury Pics)
  • 1907 Alfred Alwin Felix Krupp, arms manufacturer, born in Essen, Germany
  • 1907 Sir Basil Spence, Scottish architect (d. 1976)
  • 1911 James Benton Parson, American judge, 1st African American federal judge, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1993)
  • 1911 William Bernbach, Famous Advertiser (d. 1982)
  • 1912 Jan Peeters, Dutch water colors painter/monumental artist
  • 1912 Metten Koornstra, Dutch painter/graphic artist
  • 1912 Salvador E Luria, Italian/US biologist (Nobel prize 1969)
  • 1913 Liesbeth Askonas, concert agent
  • 1913 Lord Oram, British MP (Labour)
  • 1913 Makarios III, [Michail Moeskos], archbishop/president Cyprus
  • 1918 Denis Smallwood, British air chief marshal
  • 1918 Frederick Sanger, British biochemist (Sanger sequencing, Nobel Prize 1958, 1980), born in Rendcomb, Gloucestershire, England (d. 2013)
  • 1918 John Bunting, senior civil servant
  • 1919 Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (Cathedral of Tomorrow), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2007)
  • 1924 John Milne, CEO (Blue Circles Industries)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary, Prime Minister (1959-76) and President (1976-2008), born in Birán, Holguin Province (d. 2016)

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1929 Charles Lyon, gen-sect (Transport Salaried Staffs Association)
  • 1929 Michael Beavis, deputy cmdr-in-chief (Allied Forces Central Europe)
  • 1931 Roy Evans, general sect (British Iron & Steel Trade Confederation)
  • 1933 Jocelyn Elders, 15th US Surgeon General (1993-94) 1st African American holder, born in Schaal, Arkansas
  • 1935 Rod Hull, British entertainer, born on Isle of Sheppey, Kent (d. 1999)
  • 1939 Saul Steinberg, American businessman, founder of Leasco and CEO of Reliance Insurance Company, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1940 Ann Armstrong Dailey, founder (Children's Hospice Intl)
  • 1940 Timothy Wood, British government asst whip
  • 1942 Robert Lee Stewart, American Brigadier General and astronaut (STS 41B, 51J), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1943 Yuri Fedorovich Isaulov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1945 Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician
  • 1945 Howard Marks, British drug dealer and author (Mr Nice), born in Kenfig Hill, Wales (d. 2016)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1946 Janet Yellen, American economist (Chair of US Federal Reserve 2014-), born in Brooklyn, New York

15th Chair of the Federal Reserve Janet Yellen
15th Chair of the Federal Reserve
Janet Yellen
  • 1947 Margareta Winberg, Swedish politician
  • 1948 Mosiuoa Patrick "Terror" Lekota, South African UDF/ANC-leader
  • 1949 Peter J Visclosky, (Rep-D-Indiana, 1985- )
  • 1952 Herb Ritts, American photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1954 Lincoln Diaz-Balart, (Rep-R-Florida)
  • 1954 Nico Assumpção, Brazilian bass player (d. 2001)
  • 1958 Randall Shughart, American Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1993)
  • 1960 Phil Taylor, English darts player
  • 1961 Tom Perrotta, American novelist
  • 1967 Amélie Nothomb, Belgian writer
  • 1970 Will Clarke, American novelist
  • 1972 Kevin Plank, American entrepreneur (Under Armour)
  • 1973 Molly Henneberg, American journalist
  • 1975 Joe Perry, English snooker player
  • 1979 Taizō Sugimura, Japanese politician
  • 1992 Katharine Close, Scripps National Spelling Bee champion

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1868 Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier (26) weds Zoé Lafontaine (27) in Montreal, Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier

HeartWedding of Interest

1943 Evangelist Billy Graham (24) weds philanthropist Ruth Bell (23) in Monreat, North Carolina

Evangelist Billy Graham
Billy Graham

Deaths in History

  • 586 St. Radegund, Frankish princess, wife of Clotaire I and founder of the Convent of Our Lady of Poitiers.
  • 662 Maximus Confessor, Greek theologist/crusader, dies
  • 900 Zwentibold, king of Lutherans (895-900), dies in battle at 29
  • 1134 Irene of Hungary [Piroska], Byzantine empress, dies at 46
  • 1191 Philips van Heinsberg, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1278 Daikaku, Zen teacher Rinzai line/head of Kenchoji, dies in Japan at 65
  • 1382 Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (b. 1358)
  • 1523 Gerard David, Flemish painter
  • 1617 Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss Protestant clergyman (b. 1540)
  • 1637 Dirck J Bas, Dutch merchant/regent/government leader (OIC), dies
  • 1667 Jeremy Taylor, Irish author and bishop (b. 1613)
  • 1674 Lars Johnstown, [Lasse Lucidor], Swedish poet, dies at 35
  • 1686 Louis Maimbourg, French-born historian (b. 1610)
  • 1721 Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer (b. 1665)
  • 1744 John Cruger, Dutch-born Mayor of New York (b. 1678)
  • 1749 J E Schlegel, writer, dies
  • 1762 John Alberti, theologist/philological, dies at 64
  • 1787 Isaac de Pinto, merchant/lender/Dutch States-general, dies
  • 1826 René Laënnec, French physician (invented the stethoscope), dies of tuberculosis at 46
  • 1860 Danillo II, ruler of Montenegro, dies
  • 1863 Eugène Delacroix, French painter (b. 1798)
  • 1865 Ignaz Semmelweis, gynecologist, dies at 47
  • 1895 Christian B Freiherr von Tauchnitz, German publisher (T Edition), dies
  • 1896 John Everett Millais, English painter, dies at 67
  • 1897 Antonius von der Linde, Neth/German librarian, dies at 63

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910 Florence Nightingale, British nurse (Crimean War), dies at 90

  • 1912 Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement, dies of cancer at 73
  • 1913 F August Bebel, German social-democrat, dies
  • 1927 James Curwood, US journalist/writer (Valley of Silent Men), dies at 49
  • 1937 Arthur Plunkett, English civil engineer (b. 1890)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1946 H. G. Wells, English sci-fi author (The War of the Worlds, Time Machine), dies at 79

Author H. G. Wells
H. G. Wells
  • 1958 Otto Witte, acrobat and, purportedly, King of Albania (b. 1868)
  • 1964 Peter Anthony Allen is the last person executed (for murder) in England and United Kingdom at Walton Prison, Liverpool
  • 1965 Ikeda Hayato, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1899)
  • 1973 Ben van Eysselsteijn, Dutch playwright (Arid Earth), dies at 75
  • 1974 Kate O'Brien, Irish writer (Pray for the Wanderer), dies at 76
  • 1977 Henry Williamson, English author (Tarka the Otter), dies
  • 1988 Otto E Passman, (Rep-D-La, 1947-77), dies at 88
  • 1989 Larkin Smith, U.S. Representative from Mississippi (b. 1944)
  • 1991 Jack Ryan, inventor (Barbie Doll, Hot Wheels), dies at 65
  • 1992 Jan Elburg, [Joannes G], poet (Geen letterheren), dies
  • 1994 Manfred Worner, German general/sec-gen of NATO (1988-94), dies at 59
  • 1995 Alison Hargreaves, mountaineer, dies at 33
  • 1995 Per-Jakez Helias, Writer/teacher, dies at 81
  • 1995 Jan Křesadlo, Czech-born writer (b. 1926)
  • 1996 António de Spínola, Portuguese general and conservative President of Portugal (1974), dies of a pulmonary embolism at 86
  • 1996 Christopher John Gray, priest, dies at 42
  • 1996 David Randall, British priest, founder of Cara, dies at 49
  • 1996 W Gordon Smith, playwright, dies at 67
  • 1998 Julien Green, American-French writer (Frere Francois), dies at 97
  • 2000 Antony Duff, British diplomat, Head of MI5, advocate for the homeless, dies at 80
  • 2005 David Lange, 32nd Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1942)
  • 2007 Brooke Astor, American philanthropist (b. 1902)
  • 2007 Yone Minagawa, Japanese woman, oldest person (114) (b. 1893)
  • 2008 Bill Gwatney, American political figure (b. 1959)
  • 2008 Dino Toso, American Formula-1 engineer (b. 1969)
  • 2008 Jack Weil, American oldest working CEO (b. 1901)
  • 2008 Sandy Allen, American second-tallest woman in the world (b. 1955)
  • 2008 Henri Cartan, French Mathematician, dies at 104
  • 2010 Edwin Newman, American broadcast journalist (b. 1919)
  • 2012 Helen Gurley Brown, American author/publisher, dies at 90
  • 2016 Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian Hindu spiritual leader (BAPS), dies at 94