On This Day

On This Day in History for August 14

Events in History

  • 554 Ravenna becomes seat of Byzantine military governor in Italy

BattleBattle of Interest

1040 King Duncan I of Scotland killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth (not murdered in his sleep as in Shakespeare's play). The latter does succeed him as King.

King of Scotland Macbeth
King of Scotland
Macbeth
  • 1183 Taira no Munemori and Taira clan take young Emperor Antoku and 3 sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape Minamoto clan (Traditional Japanese date: 25th Day of the 7th Month of the 2nd Year of Juei).

Historic PublicationLetter from Kublai Khan to the Japanese Emperor

1281 During Kublai Khan's second Mongol invasion of Japan his invading Chinese fleet of 3,500 vessels disappears in a typhoon near Japan
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A 1266 letter from Kublai Khan to the Japanese emperor threatening use of force
A 1266 letter from Kublai Khan to the Japanese emperor threatening use of force
  • 1385 Portuguese defeat Castilians at Aljubarrota, retain independence
  • 1395 Utrecht bishop Frederik of Blankenheim occupies Coevorden
  • 1457 Oldest known exactly dated printed book (c 3 years after Gutenberg)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1498 Christopher Columbus landed at the mouth of the Orinoco River in what is now Venezuela

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1551 Turkish fleet under Dragut occupies Tripoli
  • 1559 Spanish explorer de Luna lands in Pensacola Bay, Fla

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1585 Queen Elizabeth I of England refuses sovereignty of Netherlands

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1590 Publication of Christopher Marlowe's play "Tamburlaine the Great" is recorded by Stationers' Company of London.
  • 1597 Cornelis de Houtmans fleet is 1st Dutch visit to Java
  • 1624 Dutch fleet seizes Callao the Lima in Peru
  • 1636 Spanish troops occupy Corbie at Amiens
  • 1642 Able Tasman's ships Heemskerck/Zeehaen depart out from Batavia

  • 1678 Battle of Mons - French repulse William of Orange
  • 1743 Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning 2nd Silezian War
  • 1756 French capture Fort Oswego, NY
  • 1758 Battle of Zorndorf: Prussia beats Russia, 1000s killed
  • 1762 English fleet occupies Havana
  • 1765 Massachusetts colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree)
  • 1782 Suriname forbids selling slave mothers without their babies
  • 1790 Sweden & Russia sign Peace of Verela
  • 1813 British warship Pelican attacks & captures US war brigantine Argus
  • 1816 Great Britain annexes Tristan da Cunha
  • 1820 1st US eye hospital, the NY Eye Infirmary, opens in NYC
  • 1824 General Lafayette returns to US
  • 1825 Dutch King Willem I throws foreign students out
  • 1842 Second Seminole War declared over by Colonel Worth; Indians go on to be removed from Florida to Oklahoma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1846 Henry David Thoreau jailed for refusing to pay taxes

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Naturalist/Pacifist
Henry David Thoreau
  • 1846 The Cape Girardeau meteorite, a 2.3 kg chondrite-type meteorite strikes near the town of Cape Girardeau in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri.
  • 1848 Oregon Territory created
  • 1861 79th NY troops mutinies
  • 1861 Martial Law is declared at St Louis, Missouri, due to pro-secession sentiment which surged throughout Missouri after the Battle of Wilson's Creek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Abraham Lincoln receives the first group of African Americans to confer with a US president

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln

  • 1864 -16] Confederate General Joe Wheeler besieges Dalton, Georgia
  • 1864 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia: Federal assault
  • 1873 "Field & Stream" begins publishing
  • 1875 Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
  • 1876 Prairie View State University forms
  • 1880 Construction of Cologne Cathedral completed after it began in 1248 - largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 Queen Victoria receives Zulu chief Cetewayo

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1885 Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.
  • 1885 British Criminal Law Amendment Act raises age of consent from 13 to 16, protects against child prostitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Mashonaland (Fort Victoria)

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1893 France introduces motor vehicle registration, includes a driving test
  • 1894 Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge demonstrates wireless telegraphy (radio) using Morse code at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science at Oxford University
  • 1897 The town of Anosimena is captured by French troops from Menabe defenders in Madagascar.
  • 1900 1st electric tram in Netherland (Leidseplein-Brouwersgracht)
  • 1901 SS Islander hits iceberg near Alaska & sinks killing 70
  • 1901 The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
  • 1905 Ngindo-rebellion killed 5 RC German clergymen in East-Africa
  • 1907 "Ha-Tikva" adopted as official Zionist hymn
  • 1908 Race riot in Springfield Illinois
  • 1910 6th International Congress of Esperantists held in Washington, D.C.
  • 1911 General Leconte appointed temporary President of Haiti
  • 1911 United States Senate leaders begin to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Frye's death.
  • 1912 2,500 US marines invade Nicaragua; US remains until 1925
  • 1914 British field marshal John French & Gen Wilson land in France
  • 1915 British transport Royal Edward sank by German U boat kills 1000
  • 1917 China declares war on Germany & Austria
  • 1920 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • 1921 Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Russia).
  • 1925 Mount Rushmore Monument first proposed
  • 1925 The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is completed and goes on line.
  • 1928 Ben Hecht & Charles MacArthur's "Front Page," premieres in NYC
  • 1929 Jewish Agency for Palestine forms
  • 1932 Philips makes 1 millionth radio
  • 1933 Jimmie Foxx hits for cycle & sets AL record with 9 RBIs
  • 1935 Social Security Act becomes law
  • 1936 Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States
  • 1937 China declares war on Japan
  • 1937 Appalachian Trail is formally completed, traversing 2,000 miles and 14 US States, Georgia to Maine
  • 1940 Dutch Premier De Geer vacations in Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 US President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issue the joint declaration that later becomes known as the Atlantic Charter

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Dwight D. Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943 -Aug 24th: Quadrant conference over strike in Pacific Ocean
  • 1943 1st allied air raid on Borneo
  • 1943 US 45th Division occupies Falcone 40 km outside of Messina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 Operation Tractable: new Canadian offensive
  • 1944 Soviet offensive at Weichsel

Victory in BattleVictory over Japan

1945 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)
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Kissing the War Goodbye on VJ Day
Kissing the War Goodbye on VJ Day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Ho Chi Minh's Viet Minh movement launch a coordinated uprising against French rule across Vietnam following the Japanese surrender

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1945 Japanese government notifies the Allies that it had accepted the Potsdam Declaration
  • 1947 Babe Didrikson Zaharias gives up amateur status for $300,000
  • 1947 Pakistan gains independence from Great Britain
  • 1949 Military coup in Syria under colonel Sami Hinnawi
  • 1952 Mátyás Rákosi appointed premier of Hungary
  • 1958 Canadian Football League plays 1st game (Winnipeg 29, Edmonton 21)
  • 1958 Cleveland Indian Vic Power steals home twice in 1 game
  • 1958 KLM Superconstellation crashes west of Ireland, killing 99
  • 1960 UN peace-keeping troops deployed to the Republic of Congo
  • 1962 French & Italian workers break through at Mont Blanc Vehicular Tunnel
  • 1962 NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 60,000 m
  • 1962 US mail truck in Plymouth, Mass robbed of more than $1.5 million
  • 1964 Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait and Syria form common market
  • 1965 Continental Football League plays 1st games
  • 1966 1st US lunar orbiter begins orbiting Moon

Birthdays in History

  • 1297 Emperor Hanazono, 95th Emperor of Japan (d. 1348)
  • 1473 Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury, daughter of George, Duke of Clarence, born in Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Somerset, England (d. 1541)
  • 1479 Princess Catherine of York, 9th child and sixth daughter of King Edward IV by his wife Elizabeth Woodville, born in Eltham Palace, Greenwich, England (d. 1527)
  • 1552 Paolo Sarpi, Italian church historian and statesman, born in Venice (d. 1623)
  • 1575 Robert Hayman, English poet, born in Wolborough, Newton Abbot, Devon (d. 1629)
  • 1586 William Hutchinson, Rhode Island colonist, born in Alford, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1642)
  • 1599 Méric Casaubon, French-English classical scholar, born in Geneva (d. 1671)
  • 1625 François de Harlay de Champvallon, Archbishop of Paris, born in Paris (d. 1695)
  • 1626 Daniel Elsevier, Dutch book publisher, born in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherland (d. 1680)
  • 1642 Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, monarch of Florence (1670-1723), born in Pitti Palace, Florence, Tuscany (d. 1723)
  • 1653 Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English statesman (d. 1688)
  • 1687 Johan Willem Friso, Prince of Orange and monarch of Nassau-Dietz, born in Dessau, Anhalt (d. 1711)
  • 1688 Frederik Willem I, King of Prussia (bodyguard of giants), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1740)
  • 1714 Claude-Joseph Vernet, French painter, born in Avignon, France (d. 1789)
  • 1727 Henriette-Anne of France, twin daughter of king Louis XV, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1752)
  • 1727 Louise Élisabeth of France, twin daughter of king Louis XV, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1759)
  • 1737 Charles Hutton, English mathematician and surveyor, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1823)
  • 1742 Pius VII [Luigi Barnaba Gregorio Chiaramonti], Italian bishop of Imola and Pope (1800-23), born in Cesena, Italy (d. 1823)
  • 1758 Carle Vernet, French painter and lithographer, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1836)

Person of interestHans Christian Ørsted

1777 Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist and chemist (View of Chemical Law), born in Rudkøbing, Denmark (d. 1851)

Physicist, Chemist Hans Christian Ørsted
Physicist, Chemist
Hans Christian Ørsted
  • 1777 Francis I, King of the Two Sicilies (1825-30), born in Naples, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1830)
  • 1784 Francesco Capaccini, Italian cardinal and diplomat, born in Rome (d. 1845)
  • 1802 Letitia Elizabeth Landon, English poet (Heath's Book of Beauty), born in Chelsea, London (d. 1838)
  • 1814 Henry Hayes Lockwood, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Kent County, Delaware (d. 1899)
  • 1817 Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Minisink, New York (d. 1874)
  • 1821 Clement H. Stevens, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1864)
  • 1824 William Terry, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Amherst County, Virginia (d. 1888)
  • 1836 Walter Besant, English writer and philanthropist (Rebel Queen), born in Portsmouth, Hampshire (d. 1901)
  • 1840 Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Austro–German psychiatrist and author (Psychopathia Sexualis), born in Mannheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1842 Henry Duff Traill, British author and journalist (The Marquis of Salisbury), born in Blackheath, London (d. 1900)
  • 1847 Robert Comtesse, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1899-1912), born in Valangin, Sweden (d. 1922)

Person of interestDoc Holliday

1851 Doc Holliday, American gambler, dentist and gunfighter (Gunfight at the O.K. Corral), born in Griffin, Georgia (d. 1887)

Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday
  • 1860 Ernest T. Seton, naturalist, painter and author (Buffalo Wind-1938), born in South Shields, Durham, England (d. 1946)
  • 1861 Bion J. Arnold, American electrical engineer and inventor, born in Casnovia, Michigan (d. 1942)
  • 1865 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician, born in Venice (d. 1952)
  • 1866 Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (Prime number theorem), born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1962)
  • 1867 John Galsworthy, English author (Forsyte Saga-Nobel 1932), born in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, England (d. 1933)
  • 1874 Mustafa Kamil Pasha, Egyptian lawyer, journalist and nationalist activist, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1908)
  • 1876 Alexander I Obrenovic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1922-34), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1903)
  • 1876 Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist and poet (Una Donna), born in Alessandria, Italy (d. 1960)
  • 1878 Harald Kidde, Danish writer (Aage og Else), born in Vejle, Denmark (d. 1918)
  • 1882 Gisela Richter, English art historian, born in London (d. 1972)
  • 1883 Ernest Everett Just, African-American embryologist known for his pioneering work in the physiology of development, especially fertilization and cell division, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1941)

Person of interestJohn Logie Baird

1888 John Logie Baird, Scottish inventor and father of the television, born in Helensburgh, Scotland (d. 1946)

Inventor of Television John Logie Baird
Inventor of Television
John Logie Baird
  • 1901 James Pitman, British educator and spelling reformer (Alphabets and Reading: The Initial Teaching Alphabet) (d. 1985)
  • 1903 John Ringling North, American circus director (Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus from 1937-43), born in Baraboo, Wisconsin (d. 1985)
  • 1903 Ronald Stewart, CEO (London Brick Co)
  • 1905 Nicolás Cotoner, 23rd Marquess of Mondéjar, Spanish nobleman and military officer, born in Palma de Mallorca, Spain (d. 1996)
  • 1908 Jean Knox, Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service (1941-43) (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Ethel Lois Payne, American civil rights journalist and "1st Lady of the Black Press", born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1991)
  • 1911 Pieter Platteel, Dutch civil servant and last governor Neth New Guinea, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • 1912 Eva Strittmatter, German writer (Tinko), born in Spremberg, Niederlausitz, Germany (d. 1930)
  • 1915 Victor Mishcon, Baron Mishcon, British solicitor and a Labour politician, born in London (d. 2006)
  • 1915 B.A. Santamaria, Australian political activist and journalist, born in Melbourne (d. 1998)
  • 1926 Alice Adams, American author (Beautiful Girl), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1999)
  • 1927 Lord Whaddon, CEO (Daltrade & Skorimpex-Rind), born in Sale, Cheshire (d. 2005)
  • 1928 Laurens van Deenen, Dutch biochemist, born in Maastricht, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1929 Hewlett Thompson, Bishop of Exeter
  • 1929 Louise Slaughter, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Lynch, Kentucky (d. 2018)
  • 1929 Oliver Neville, principal (Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts)
  • 1929 Thomas Meehan, American writer (Annie, The Producers, Hairspray), born in Ossining, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Gerald Solomon, American businessman and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Okeechobee, Florida (d. 2001)
  • 1930 Lord Chorley, mountaineering enthusiast
  • 1931 Frederic Raphael, American-British writer (After the War, California Time), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1931 Marylyn Roberts, librarian/founding member (WIC)
  • 1932 James V. Hansen, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Utah), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2018)
  • 1932 Lee Hoffman, American author (The Valdez Horses), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Richard R. Ernst, Swiss physical chemist (Nobel 1991 -techniques for high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy), born in Winterthur, Switzerland
  • 1933 Bryce Courtenay, Australian novelist (The Power of One), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 2012)
  • 1934 Robin McLaren, British ambassador (China)
  • 1938 Niara Sudarkasa [Gloria Albertha Marshall], American educator and anthropologist (Lincoln College), born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida (d. 2019)
  • 1940 Judith Kazantzis, English poet and feminist, born in Oxford, England (d. 2018)
  • 1943 Jon Andrew McBride, Capt USN/astronaut (STS 41G), born in Charleston, West Virginia
  • 1943 Keith Hampson, British politician (C), arrested, not charged for sexual assault
  • 1945 Jennifer d'Abo, British entrepeneur (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)
  • 1946 Alexander Curly [Harm Breemer], Dutch artist, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • 1946 Marga van Praag, Dutch radio hostess, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands

Person of interestDanielle Steel

1947 Danielle Steel, American author (Rememberance, Zoya, Star, Daddy), born in New York City, New York

Novelist Danielle Steel
Novelist
Danielle Steel
  • 1949 John Tarrant, 1st Australian born Zen teacher, born in Tasmania, Australia

Person of interestGary Larson

1950 Gary Larson, American cartoonist (Far Side), born in Tacoma, Washington

Cartoonist Gary Larson
Cartoonist
Gary Larson
  • 1952 Mark C. Lee, American NASA astronaut (STS 30, 47, 64, 82, sk: 98), born in Viroqua, Wisconsin
  • 1953 Cliff Johnson, American computer game author, born in Hanover, New Hampshire
  • 1954 Monica Baltodano, Nicaraguan Sandinista Revolution commander, born in Leon, Nicaragua
  • 1962 Mark Robert Isfeld, Canadian soldier and United Nations peacekeeper, born in Zweibrücken, Germany
  • 1964 Brannon Braga, American scriptwriter, born in Bozeman, Montana
  • 1968 Billy Mavreas, Greek-Canadian cartoonist
  • 1969 DJ Uncle Al, American hip-hop DJ, born in Miami, Florida (d. 2001)
  • 1972 Jay Manuel, Canadian make-up artist, born in Springfield, Illinois

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1756 Frontiersman Daniel Boone (21) weds Rebecca Bryan (17) in Yadkin River, North Carolina

Frontiersman Daniel Boone
Frontiersman
Daniel Boone

LoveWedding of Interest

1952 UK Prime Minister Anthony Eden (55) weds UK prime minister's niece Clarissa Spencer-Churchill (32) in a civil ceremony at Caxton Hall, London

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
  • 1956 Writer Iris Murdoch (37) marries academic John Bayley (31)
  • 1993 Dr William Masters (78) weds college sweetheart Geraldine Oliver (76)
  • 1993 Shari Beadley weds Christopher Martin (Kid 'n Play)

Deaths in History

  • 582 Tiberius II Constantine, Byzantine Emperor
  • 1040 King Duncan I of Scotland, killed in battle at ca. 39 years
  • 1167 Raynald van Dassel, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1204 Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun, dies at 21
  • 1390 John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier, dies at 26
  • 1433 John I, king of Portugal (1383-1433), dies at 76
  • 1573 Saitō Tatsuoki, Japanese warlord (b. 1548)
  • 1587 Gugliemo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat (1550-87), dies at 49
  • 1652 Abraham Elsevier, Dutch book publisher, dies at 60
  • 1691 Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnel, Irish rebel (b. 1630)
  • 1704 Roland Laporte, French Protestant leader (b. 1675)
  • 1754 Maria Anna of Austria, Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal, dies at 70
  • 1774 Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician (b. 1716)
  • 1784 Nathaniel Hone, Irish-born portrait and miniature painter, dies at 66
  • 1785 John William Fletcher, evangelist, dies
  • 1794 George Colman the Elder, English playwright, dies at 62
  • 1833 Luigi Cagnola, architect, dies
  • 1844 Henry Francis Cary, translator (Dante), dies
  • 1852 Margaret Taylor, wife of Zachary Taylor and 1st lady of the United States (1849-50), dies at 63
  • 1856 William Buckland, dean (Westminster)/geologist, dies
  • 1856 Constant Prévost, French geologist, dies at 69
  • 1858 George Combe, phrenologist, dies
  • 1860 André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (b. 1774)
  • 1863 Colin Campbell, British officer (Cawnpore), dies at 70

Person of interestDavid Farragut

1870 David Farragut, American Admiral ("Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!"), dies at 69

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • 1874 Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (Secretary of State and Superintendent of Public Instruction of Florida) and Presbyterian minister, dies at 52
  • 1884 Arnoldus Pannevis, South African shipping agent/linguist, dies at 46
  • 1887 Richard Jefferies, English naturalist and essayist, dies of tuberculosis at 38

Person of interestCharles Crocker

1888 Charles Crocker, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad), dies at 65

Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive Charles Crocker
Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive
Charles Crocker
  • 1891 Sarah Childress Polk, Wife of the 11th President of the United States, James K. Polk (1845-1849), dies at 87
  • 1905 Mohammed Abdoe, Egyptian writing expert (Al'Oerwah al-Woethka), dies
  • 1905 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, dies at 64
  • 1913 Josephine Cochrane, American inventor (automatic dishwasher), dies of a stroke at 74
  • 1922 Alfred CW Harmsworth, 1st viscount Northcliffe/newspaper magnate, dies
  • 1923 Jacob Theodoor Cremer, Dutch tobacco magnate and administrator for the Deli Company in Sumatra, dies at 76
  • 1926 John H. Moffitt, American politician (b. 1843)
  • 1928 Klabund [Alfred Henschke], German writer (Spuk, Rasputin), dies at 37
  • 1936 Rainey Bethea, American murderer, hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky, last US public hanging
  • 1937 Sapper, British soldier, novelist (Bull-Dog Drummond), dies at 48
  • 1941 Josef Jakobs, German spy, executed in Tower of London
  • 1941 Saint Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (b. 1894)
  • 1941 Paul Sabatier, French chemist (Nobel 1912 - improving the hydrogenation of organic species in the presence of metals), dies at 86
  • 1949 Husni al-Barazi, premier of Syria, shot to death
  • 1949 Husni el-Zaim, president/dictator of Syria, shot to death

Person of interestWilliam Randolph Hearst

1951 William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), dies at 88

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst

Person of interestHugo Eckener

1954 Hugo Eckener, German inventor and commander of the famous Graf Zeppelin during its record-setting flights, dies at 86

Inventor and Zeppelin Commander Hugo Eckener
Inventor and Zeppelin Commander
Hugo Eckener
  • 1955 Fiske Kimball, American architect and art historian, dies at 66
  • 1955 Herbert Putnam, American Librarian of Congress, dies at 93
  • 1956 Freiherr Constantine von Neurath, German foreign min (1932-38), dies
  • 1956 Bertolt Brecht, German poet and playwright (Mother Courage), dies of a heart attack at 58
  • 1958 Frederic Joliot-Curie, French nuclear physicist (Nobel 1936), dies
  • 1958 Gladys Presley, mother of Elvis, dies at 46
  • 1958 Mary Ritter Beard, American historian, dies at 82
  • 1958 Konstantin von Neurath, German diplomat (b.1873)
  • 1961 Clarke Ashton Smith, sci-fi author (Lost Worlds), dies at 68
  • 1961 Henri-Edouard-Prosper Breuil, priest/archaeologist, dies
  • 1963 Clifford Odets, American playwright (1961 Award of Merit-Golden Boy), dies at 57
  • 1965 Jan van Nijlen, Flemish poet and author (Walk at Dawn), dies at 80
  • 1969 Leonard Woolf, English author and husband of Virginia Woolf, dies at 88
  • 1971 Georg von Opel, German auto manufacturer, dies at 59
  • 1972 Jules Romains, French novelist (Death of Nobody), dies at 86
  • 1974 Raymond Budd, South African trade unionist
  • 1975 Joris Baers, Flemish bibliographer (founder Boekengids), dies at 87
  • 1977 Alexander Luria, Russian neuropsychologist (Higher Cortical Functions in Man), dies at 75
  • 1978 Nicolas Bentley, British writer and illustrator, dies at 71
  • 1982 Thruston B. Morton, American republican politician (Sen-Ky, 1957-69), dies at 74
  • 1983 Alceu Amoroso Lima, Brazilian essayist, activist and founder of the Brazilian Christian Democracy, dies at 89
  • 1984 J. B. Priestly, English novelist and scriptwriter (The Good Companions, An Inspector Calls), dies at 89
  • 1984 John Boynton Priestley, English, stagewriter (Magicians), dies at 89
  • 1992 Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian-Dutch painter, dies at 104
  • 1992 Flora Benson, American wife of Ezra Taft Benson, President of the Mormon Church, dies at 91

Person of interestJohn Sirica

1992 John Sirica, US federal judge (Watergate hearings), dies at 88

US Federal Judge John Sirica
US Federal Judge
John Sirica
  • 1992 Marion P Ames, American advocate/activist, dies
  • 1994 Bill Cowley, creator (Lyke Wake Walk), dies at 78
  • 1994 Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-British author (Life-Terms, Nobel 1981), dies at 89
  • 1994 Patrick Meehan, Scottish petty criminal, wrongly convicted of murder, dies at 67
  • 1994 Tom Greenshields, English sculptor, dies at 79
  • 1994 Alice Childress, American playwright, actress and writer, dies at 77
  • 1995 Joseph Fattorini, businessman, dies at 82
  • 1996 Uzo Egonu, painter/print maker, dies at 64
  • 2000 Alain Fournier, French-born computer graphics researcher (b. 1943)
  • 2001 Earl Anthony, American professional bowler (PBA money champ 1974-6, 1981-3), dies at 63
  • 2004 Trevor Skeet, New Zealand-born British politician (b. 1918)
  • 2004 Czesław Miłosz, Polish-American writer (Bells in Winter, Nobel 1980), dies at 93
  • 2010 Herman Leonard, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2010 Tahar Wattar, Algerian novelist (b. 1936)
  • 2010 Terje Stigen, Norwegian author (Det siste paradiset), dies at 88
  • 2016 Hermann Kant, German writer, dies at 90