On This Day

On This Day in History for August 15

Events in History

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

778 Battle of Roncevaux Pass: Roland, commander of the rearguard of Charlemagne's army is defeated by the Basques

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
  • 927 The Saracens conquer and destroy Taranto
  • 1185 The cave city of Vardzia is consecrated by Queen Tamar of Georgia.
  • 1193 Philip II of France marries Ingeborg, daughter of King Valdemar I of Denmar in Amiens, requests annulment immediately after on grounds of non-consummation (bride deputes)
  • 1248 Construction of the new Cologne Cathedral in the Gothic style begins with the laying of the foundation stone by Archbishop Konrad von Hochstaden (completed 1880)
  • 1308 Knights of St John conquer Rhodes
  • 1457 Earliest dated book, "Mainz Psalter," completed
  • 1461 Empire of Trebizond surrenders to forces of Sultan Mehmet II - last Byzantine Empire remnant to fall. Emperor David exiled and later murdered.

CrownRoyal Coronation

1461 Louis XI is crowned King of France at Reims cathedral after the death of his father Charles VII

King of France Louis XI
King of France
Louis XI
  • 1517 Seven Portuguese armed vessels led by Fernão Pires de Andrade meet Chinese officials at the Pearl River estuary.
  • 1519 Panama City founded by Spanish conquistador Pedro Arias Dávila
  • 1534 Ignatius of Loyola forms society of Jesus/Jesuits
  • 1537 Asunción, Paraguay, is founded.
  • 1540 Arequipa, Peru, is founded.
  • 1548 Mary Queen of Scotland arrives in France, aged 6.
  • 1549 Jesuit priest Saint Francis Xavier comes ashore at Kagoshima (Traditional Japanese date: July 22, 1549).
  • 1599 Nine Years War: Battle of Curlew Pass - Irish forces led by Hugh Roe O'Donnell successfully ambush English forces, led by Sir Conyers Clifford, sent to relieve Collooney Castle.
  • 1620 Mayflower sets sail from Southampton, England, with 102 Pilgrims
  • 1635 1st recorded north American hurricane hits the Plymouth Colony
  • 1653 -16] Dutch ship "Sperwer" stranded at Tsjedzjoe Korea
  • 1658 France, Sweden, Bavarian, Brunswick, Munster and Hessen-Kassel form Confederation of the Rhine
  • 1668 Confederation of the Rhine disbands
  • 1684 Spain & Germany sign cease fire with France
  • 1741 French troops attack the Rhine
  • 1748 United Lutheran Church the American colonies organized
  • 1760 Battle at Leignitz: Prussia beats Austria & Russia
  • 1785 French cardinal De Rohan arrested
  • 1795 Joseph Haydn leaves England forever
  • 1824 Freed American slaves establish Liberia on the West African coast through the American Colonization Society (ACS)
  • 1832 Gregory XVI encyclical On liberalism & religious indifferentism
  • 1843 National black convention meets (Buffalo NY)
  • 1843 Tivoli Gardens amusement park opens in Copenhagen, world's 2nd oldest
  • 1848 M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
  • 1858 Regular mail to Pacific coast begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Abraham Lincoln orders reinforcements be sent to Missouri

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1863 Submarine "HL Hunley" arrives in Charleston on railroad cars
  • 1863 The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).
  • 1864 Off New England coast, CSS Tallahassee captures 6 yankee schooners
  • 1865 Battle of Lone Jack, Missouri
  • 1867 The Representation of the People Act (1867) extends suffrage in the UK
  • 1869 The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto.
  • 1870 Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
  • 1876 US law removes Indians from Black Hills after gold find
  • 1886 Guy Hecker scores 7 runs in 1 game
  • 1891 San Sebastian Church in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1892 4th & last British government of William Gladstone forms

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • 1893 US no longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea
  • 1899 Louisville's Henry Dowling struck out 5 times in a game
  • 1900 The Boxer Rebellion: In China, the Empress, her family and court retainers flee while foreign troops move through Peking in an attempt to quell the rebellion
  • 1900 Russian troops advance further unto Manchuria
  • 1901 Arch Rock, a danger to San Francisco Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro
  • 1901 Great Britain issues a proclamation calling on the Boers to surrender by 15 September or face banishment and confiscation of their property
  • 1906 1st freight delivery tunnel system begins, underneath Chicago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits German Emperor Wilhelm II to discuss the escalating rivalry between their nations' naval forces

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII
  • 1911 Procter & Gamble unveils its Crisco shortening

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Dinant, Belgium, destroyed by German bombs. Lt Charles de Gaulle (24), injured

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1914 Japan joins side of allies
  • 1914 Panama Canal opens (under cost) with the SS Ancon making the 1st official steamship through the canal

MurderMurder of Interest

1914 A male servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright sets fire to the living quarters of the architect's Wisconsin home, Taliesin, murders seven people and burns the living quarters to the ground.

  • 1914 The first large public gathering of Boers in South Africa who do not want to support Britain in a war against Germany; British authorities will try to repress this movement, but discontent spreads

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan, in a letter to J P Morgan, Jr., declares that loans to any of the belligerents go against US neutrality

US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan
US Secretary of State
William Jennings Bryan
  • 1915 Journalist Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, convicted of murder in Georgia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1920 Polish troops commanded by Józef Piłsudski defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State

Revolutionary and President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
Revolutionary and President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera
  • 1923 Mexico & US reaches accord over oil concession of 1917
  • 1925 Norway annexes Spitsbergen
  • 1931 Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 mi)
  • 1931 Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as asst secretary
  • 1939 13 Stukas dive into the ground during a disastrous air-practice at Neuhammer. No survivors.
  • 1940 1st edition of Jewish Weekly newspaper in Amsterdam (under Nazis)
  • 1940 Heavy dogfights above England: 75 German aircraft damaged
  • 1941 Kovono Lithuanian Jews are herded into Slobodka ghetto
  • 1942 5 hostages executed by Nazis in St-Michielsgestel
  • 1943 Allies land on Kiska Aleutians
  • 1944 Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed
  • 1944 German field marshal Günther von Kluge vanishes for one day; he killed himself on the 19th in the aftermath of the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler
  • 1944 Operation Anvil: Allies land on French Mediterranean sea coast
  • 1944 Operation Dragoon: Allied troops land in Provence
  • 1944 US 12 Army corps enters Le Mans through Orleans
  • 1944 US 7th Armour division reaches Chartres
  • 1945 A riot ensues in San Francisco while the city is celebrating the end of WW II
  • 1945 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • 1945 World War II: Korean Liberation Day.

Victory in BattleVictory over Japan

1945 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)

Learn More
Kissing the War Goodbye on VJ Day
Kissing the War Goodbye on VJ Day
Learn More
  • 1946 Dumont TV Network (WABD NY) is launched in the US
  • 1947 India gains independence from Great Britain, remains a dominion until 1950
  • 1947 India becomes a sovereign and democratic nation, independent from the United Kingdom
  • 1948 Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)
  • 1950 8.6 earthquake in India kills 20,000 to 30,000
  • 1950 Indians make their 1st triple play at Cleveland Stadium
  • 1950 Joseph Pholien becomes Belgian premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Sukarno proclaims the unitary Republic of Indonesia and becomes its 1st President

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1950 Rotterdam dock strike begins
  • 1950 Srikakulam district is formed in Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • 1952 9 inches of rain fall creates a 20 ft wave in Lynmouth, England, killing 34

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 General Omar Bradley leaves office as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff after four years and retires from active military service

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1954 Alfredo Stroessner names himself president of Paraguay
  • 1955 Hurricane Connie dissipates after killing 43 in NC, SC, Virginia & Maryland
  • 1957 David Simons reaches 30,942 m in Man High 2 balloon
  • 1957 USAF Capt Joe B Jordan reaches 31,513 m in F-104 jet fighter

Birthdays in History

  • 1171 Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia (1188-1230), born in Zamora (d. 1230)
  • 1195 Anthony of Padua, Portuguese saint, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1231)
  • 1432 Luigi Pulci, Italian poet (Morgante), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1484)
  • 1575 Bartol Kašić, Croatian writer and linguist, born in Pag, Croatia (d. 1650)
  • 1613 Gilles Ménage, French scholar, born in Angers, France (d. 1692)
  • 1619 Hubertus Quellinus, Flemish cartoonist and painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1687)
  • 1702 Francesco Zuccarelli, Italian rococo painter and etcher, born in Pitigliano, Italy (d. 1788)
  • 1717 Blind Jack [John Metcalf], English 1st professional roadbuilder, born in Knaresborough, Yorkshire, England (d. 1810)
  • 1740 Matthias Claudius, German poet, born in Reinfeld, Duchy of Holstein (d. 1815)

Person of interestNapoléon Bonaparte

1769 Napoleon Bonaparte, French military leader and Emperor of the French (1804-14, 1815), born in Ajaccio, Corsica, France (d. 1821)

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1771 Walter Scott, Scottish historical novelist and poet (The Lady of the Lake, Rob Roy), born in College Wynd, Edinburgh Scotland (d. 1832)
  • 1776 Gottlieb Schick, German painter (Apollo under the Hirten), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1782 Henri de Mérode, Belgian revolutionary (Souvenirs), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1847)
  • 1785 Thomas De Quincey, English writer (Confessions of English Opium Eater), born in Manchester (d. 1859)
  • 1788 Carel Sirardus Willem van Hogendorp, Dutch colonial director, born in Cossimbazar, British East India (d. 1856)
  • 1794 Elias M. Fries, Swedish botanist (System mycologicum), born in Femsjö, Sweden (d. 1878)
  • 1798 Sangolli Rayanna, Indian military chief warrior, born in Karnataka, India (d. 1831)
  • 1803 James Douglas, The Father of British Columbia, born in Demerara, Guyana (d. 1877)
  • 1810 Louise Colet, French Romantic poet who had an affair with Gustave Flaubert, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1876)
  • 1813 Jules Grévy, 2nd President of the French Third Republic, born in Mont-sous-Vaudrey, France (d. 1891)
  • 1823 Orris Sanford Ferry, American lawyer, politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bethel, Connecticut (d. 1875)
  • 1856 J. Keir Hardie, Scottish politician and 1st Labour representative in British Parliament, born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1915)
  • 1857 Albert Ballin, German inventor and shipping tycoon, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1858 Edith Nesbit, British children books author (The Story of the Treasure Seekers, Five Children and It), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1860 Florence Harding [DeWolfe], US 1st lady (1921-23), born in Marion, Ohio (d. 1924)
  • 1860 Roosje Vos, Dutch trade union leader, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1932)
  • 1863 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, born in Alatyrsky District, Russia (d. 1945)
  • 1865 Johan Bernard Schepers, Frisian writer (Braga), born in Heerenveen, Netherlands (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Mikao Usui, Japanese founder of Reiki (form of spiritual practice), born in Gifu Prefecture, Japan (d. 1926)
  • 1865 Louisa Aldrich-Blake, British pioneering surgeon, born in Chingford, Essex (d. 1925)
  • 1872 Shri Aurobindo [Aurobindo Ghose], Indian guru and nationalist, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1950)
  • 1874 Joseph Klausner, Polish-Israeli new testament expert, born in Valkininkai, Lithuania (d. 1958)
  • 1876 Aleksandar Belic, Serbian linguist, born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1960)
  • 1878 Pyotr Nikolayevich, Baron Wrangel, Russian baron general (White Armies, WW II), born in Novalexandrovsk, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1928)
  • 1881 Alfred Wagenknecht, German-born American activist, born in Görlitz, Imperial Germany (d. 1956)
  • 1883 Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor and architect, born in Vrpolje, Croatia (d. 1962)
  • 1885 Edna Ferber, American author and playwright (American Beauty, Cimarron), born in Kalamazoo, Michigan (d. 1968)
  • 1890 Elizabeth Bolden, American Supercentenarian (oldest verified person in the world at the time of her death), born in Somerville, Tennessee (d. 2006)
  • 1890 Elvin M. Jellinek, American Physiologist and pioneer in the study of alcoholism, born in NYC, New York
  • 1892 Louis de Broglie, French physicist (Nobel 1929), born in Dieppe, France (d. 1987)

Person of interestHarlow Curtice

1893 Harlow Curtice, President of General Motors (1953-8), born in Petrieville, Michigan (d. 1962)

President of General Motors Harlow Curtice
President of General Motors
Harlow Curtice
  • 1893 Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer and computing pioneer, born in Pukekohe, New Zealand (d. 1950)
  • 1896 Catherine Doherty, Russian-born Canadian activist, born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1985)
  • 1898 Lillian Carter, US President Jimmy Carter's (1977-1981) mom, born in Richland, Georgia (d. 1983)
  • 1898 Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (The Beetle), born in Zhmerynka, Ukraine (d. 1966)
  • 1901 Arias Arnulfo, 3 time president of Panama (1940-41, 49-51, 68), born in Penonomé, Coclé, Panama (d. 1988)
  • 1901 Hans Lorbeer, German writer and politician, born in Lutherstadt, Wittenberg, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1901 Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (group theory), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1975)
  • 1902 Jan Campert, Dutch resistance fighter and poet (Song the 18 dead), born in Spijkenisse, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • 1907 Paul Vincze, Jewish-Hungarian designer of coins and medal, born in Galgagyörk, Hungary (d. 1994)
  • 1909 Raymond O'Malley, English teacher
  • 1910 Josef Klaus, Chancellor of Austria (1966-70), born in Kötschach-Mauthen, Austria (d. 1964)
  • 1912 Wijnanda M C "Nan" Aberson, friend of Gerard Reve Sr
  • 1914 Peter Nicholson Gunn, Australian writer (The Churches of Rome), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Alma Gardeslan, Surinamese/Dutch folklorist
  • 1915 Kamiel van Baelen, Flemish author and resistance fighter (Mensch op Weg), born in Turnhout, Belgium (d. 1945)
  • 1916 Aleks Çaçi, Albanian writer (That way Myzeqe), born in Palasë, Himara, Albania (d. 1989)
  • 1917 Jack Lynch, Irish politician and Taoiseach (1966-73 and 1977-79), born in Shandon, Cork, Ireland (d. 1999)
  • 1917 Oscar Romero, El Salvador Roman catholic priest who was murdered, born in Ciudad Barrios, El Salvador (d. 1980)
  • 1918 Fay Honey Knopp, American activist (founded a Quaker ministry for men and women in prisons), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 1995)

Person of interestPhyllis Schlafly

1924 Phyllis Schlafly, right-wing crusader, Eagle Forum president, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2016)

Eagle Forum President Phyllis Schlafly
Eagle Forum President
Phyllis Schlafly
  • 1924 Robert Oxton Bolt, English playwright (A Man for All Seasons, Doctor Zhivago), born in Sale, Manchester (d. 1995)
  • 1925 Gertrude Shope, South African leader of the ANC Women’s League, born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1926 Lewis T Preston, American banker (President of the World Bank 1991-95), born in NYC, New York
  • 1926 Kostis Stephanopoulos, Greek conservative politician (President of Greece, 1995-2005), born in Patras, Greece (d. 2016)
  • 1930 Ageeda Paavel, Estonian freedom fighter
  • 1931 Richard F. Heck, American chemist who discovered the Heck Reaction (Nobel Prize 2010), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 2015)
  • 1932 Robert L. Forward, American physicist and sci-fi writer (Dragon's Egg, Starquake), born in Geneva, NY (d. 2002)
  • 1934 Valentin Varlamov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Sukhaya Tereshka, Russia (d. 1980)
  • 1935 Vernon Eulion Jordan Jr, American civil rights activist (National Urban League), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1937 Ronnie G. Flippo, American politician (US Representative, Alabama(D), 1977-91), born in Florence, Alabama
  • 1938 Maxine Waters, American politician (Rep-D-California), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1938 Stephen Breyer, American lawyer and Justice of the Supreme Court, born in San Francisco, California
  • 1938 Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish sci-fi author (The Whole Truth about Planet Xi), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1985)
  • 1939 Herman Onno C. R. Ruding, Dutch Financial minister (CDA) and Director of Amrobank
  • 1940 Gudrun Ensslin, German terrorist (Founder of Red Army Faction), born in Bartholomä, Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1941 Viktor Mikhailovich Pisarev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1942 Larry Hartsell, American martial artist, bodyguard, trainer, student of Bruce Lee and Dan Inosanto, born in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 2007)
  • 1943 Eni Faleomavaega, American-Samoan politician (3rd Lieutenant Governor of American Samoa), born in Vailoatai, American Samoa (d. 2017)
  • 1944 Thomas J. Murphy Jr., American politician (57th Mayor of Pittsburgh), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1945 Thomas C. Sawyer, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1945 Begum Khaleda Zia, Prime Minister of Bangladesh (1991-96 and 2001-06), born in Dinajpur, Bangladesh
  • 1946 Kathryn Whitmire, American accountant and politician (4 time Mayor-Houston), born in Houston, Texas
  • 1946 Jean-Claude Arnault, French Swedish photographer involved in Nobel Prize scandal, born in Marseille, France
  • 1947 Manley Lanier "Sonny" Carter Jr, American chemist and NASA astronaut (STS 33), born in Macon, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • 1948 George Ryton, British engineer, born in Singapore
  • 1949 Carlien Brouwer, translator/missing since Jan 6, 1994
  • 1949 Beverly Burns, American pilot and 1st woman to captain a Boeing 747, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1949 Richard Deacon, Welsh sculptor, born in Bangor, Wales
  • 1951 Daba Diawara, Malian politician, born in Bamako, Mali
  • 1954 Mary Jo Salter, American poet and co-editor of The Norton Anthology of Poetry, born in Grand Rapids, Michigan

Person of interestStieg Larsson

1954 Stieg Larsson [Karl Stig-Erland Larsson], Swedish author (Girl with the Dragon Tattoo), born in Skelleftehamn, Sweden (d. 2004)

  • 1956 Gordon Bruks, England, Dr/cosmonaut
  • 1958 Victor Shenderovich, Russian satirist
  • 1959 Scott D Altman, American Naval officer and astronaut (sk: STS 90), born in Lincoln, Illinois
  • 1961 Ed Gillespie, American White House counsel to George W. Bush
  • 1962 Tom Colicchio, American chef

Person of interestMelinda Gates

1964 Melinda Gates, American philanthropist and co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, born in Dallas, Texas

Philanthropist Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
  • 1965 Rob Thomas, American writer
  • 1970 Ben Silverman, American TV executive

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1515 King Christian II of Denmark marriage ratified to Isabella of Austria, granddaughter to Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I at Copenhagen Castle (married by proxy 1514)

King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway Christian II
King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway
Christian II
  • 1985 Anti-apartheid lawyer Bulelani Ngcuka marries in South Africa
  • 2004 Fashion designer and socialite Nicky Hilton (21) weds businessman Todd Andrew Meister (33) at The Vegas Wedding Chapel in Las Vegas, Nevada

Deaths in History

  • 423 Flavius Honorius, Eastern Roman Republic emperor (395-423), dies at 38
  • 778 Roland, Frankish commander, whose death at the Battle of Roncevaux Pass would become basis of 11th Century epic poem "The Song of Roland"
  • 1038 Stefanus I [Arpad], 1st king of Hungary, dies

Person of interestMacbeth

1057 Macbeth, King of Scots, slain in battle by the son of King Duncan

King of Scotland Macbeth
King of Scotland
  • 1064 Muhammad ibn Hazm, Andalusian historian, jurist and author of Islamic Spain, dies at 69
  • 1118 Alexius I Comnenus [Alexios I Komnenos], Emperor of Byzantium (1081-1118), dies
  • 1196 Conrad II, Duke of Swabia (b. 1173)
  • 1274 Robert de Sorbon, French theologian and founder of the Sorbonne College, dies at 72
  • 1369 Philippa of Hainault, Queen consort of Edward III of England, dies at 56
  • 1464 Pius II [Aenea S Piccolomini], Italian Pope (1458-64), dies at 58
  • 1528 Odet de Foix, Vicomte de Lautrec, French military leader (b. 1485)
  • 1552 Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (b. 1477)
  • 1615 Cornelis C Vrancx, Flemish poet/writer (Comfort of Soles), dies
  • 1619 Miriam Bella, head of Jewish community of Kraków, dies
  • 1621 John Barclay, Scottish satirist writer and poet (Euphormio's Satyricon), dies at 39
  • 1666 Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionary and astronomer, dies at 75
  • 1714 Constantin Brâncoveanu, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1654)
  • 1725 Gerhard Noodt, Dutch lawyer, dies at 77
  • 1729 Benjamin Neukirch, German poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau), dies at 64
  • 1758 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (fotometrie), dies at 60
  • 1786 Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar and critic, dies at 56
  • 1799 Giuseppe Parini, Italian prose writer and poet (Il Giorno), dies at 70
  • 1807 Johann Nikolaus Tetens, German-Danish philosopher and mathematician, dies at 70
  • 1852 Johan Gadolin, Finnish chemist (discovered yttrium), dies at 92
  • 1864 Daniel Phineas Woodbury, US engineer/Union general-major, dies
  • 1888 Carter L. Stevenson, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 70
  • 1901 Karl Weinhold, German sociologist (founder of Journal of the Association of Folklore), dies at 77
  • 1909 Euclides da Cunha, Brazilian writer and sociologist (b. 1866)
  • 1910 Constantin Fahlberg, Russian chemist who discovered Saccharin (artificial sweetener), dies at 59 [1]
  • 1915 Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, Jew convicted of murder, lynched
  • 1917 Thomas J. Higgins, Union Army soldier during the American Civil War, recipient of America's highest military decoration (Medal of Honor), dies at 86
  • 1925 Konrad Mägi, Estonian painter, dies at 46
  • 1935 Paul Signac, French painter (developed the technique called pointillism with Georges Seurat), dies at 71

Person of interestWiley Post

1935 Wiley Post, American aviator (1st solo flight around the world), killed in plane crash in Alaska at 36

Aviator Wiley Post
Wiley Post
  • 1936 Grazia Deledda, Italian author (Nobel 1926), dies at 64
  • 1945 Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (b. 1887)
  • 1953 Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (b. 1875)
  • 1956 Constantine Freiherr von Neurath, German foreign minister, dies at 83
  • 1962 Lei Feng, Chinese revolutionary (b. 1940)
  • 1966 Gerhard/Gerhart Pohl, German writer (Battle of Kolbenau), dies at 64
  • 1966 Gerhard Pohl, German writer (Crazy Ferdinand), dies at 64
  • 1967 René Magritte, Belgian surrealist painter (This is Not a Pipe), dies at 68
  • 1969 Stijn Streuvels [Frank Lateur], Flemish writer (De Vlaschaard), dies at 97
  • 1974 Mrs Park Chung Hi, wife of South Korean president, murdered

MurderSheikh Mujibur Rahman

1975 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, founding father of Bangladesh, 1st and 4th President of Bangladesh (1971-72, 1975-76), assassinated in military coup by group of junior army officers at 55

Founding Father of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Founding Father of Bangladesh
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • 1975 Clay Shaw, alleged John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracist & businessman (b. 1913)
  • 1976 Jean P J C Haesaert, Flemish lawyer/sociologist, dies at 84
  • 1982 Hugo Theorell, Swedish scientist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1903)
  • 1982 Axel Theorell, Swedish biochemist (Nobel 1955-discovering the oxidation enzyme and its effects), dies at 79
  • 1983 Benjamin V Cohen, American author of New Deal legislation, dies at 88
  • 1988 Barry Bingham Sr, US daily newspaper publisher, dies at 82
  • 1988 Mohammed Zia ul-Haq, President of Pakistan, killed in plane crash
  • 1991 Marietta Tree, ambassador (UN Comm of Human Rights), dies at 74
  • 1992 Evelyn Wesler Zemel, American author (American Glass Animals), dies
  • 1992 Giorgio Perlasca, Italian anti-fascist (saved 5,200 Jews), dies
  • 1992 Martha Blackburn, Canada newspaper publisher (London Free Press), dies
  • 1992 Osamu Inaba, Japanese min of justice, dies
  • 1993 Robert W Kempner, German officer of justice in Prussia, dies at 93
  • 1994 Shepherd Mead, London England, dies of stroke at 80
  • 1995 Humphrey Sims Moore, British pacifist and journalist (founder of Peace News), dies at 86
  • 1995 Ismay Thomas, teacher, dies at 74
  • 1996 Masao Maruyama, Japanese social scientist, dies at 82
  • 1999 Sir Hugh Casson, British architect and artist (b. 1910)
  • 2004 Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician, dies at 63
  • 2004 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2006 Te Atairangikaahu, Māori Queen for 40 years, dies at 75
  • 2006 Doug White, American news anchor
  • 2007 John Gofman, American Manhattan Project scientist and advocate (b. 1918)
  • 2007 Geoffrey Orbell, New Zealand bush walker (b. 1908)
  • 2008 James Orthwein, American businessman
  • 2008 Leroy Sievers, American journalist
  • 2012 Harry [Maxwell] Harrison, American author, dies at 87
  • 2015 Julian Bond, American civil rights leader and politician (D-Ga), dies at 75
  • 2017 Vernon "Vern" Ehlers, American politician (Michigan House of Representatives), dies of complications from Alzheimers disease at 83