On This Day

On This Day in History for August 1 (Part 2)

Events in History

  • 1944 General Montgomery takes command of 12th & 21st army
  • 1944 US 90th division occupies St Hilaire-du-Harcourt
  • 1944 US troops enter Tessy-sur-Vir
  • 1944 Polish resistance fighters of the Home Army launch the Warsaw Uprising, the largest military effort undertaken by a resistance movement in occupied Europe
  • 1945 Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 US President Harry Truman establishes Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1948 The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded.
  • 1950 American Bowling Congress ends all-white-males rule
  • 1950 Guam Organic Act establishes Guam as an unincorporated US territory
  • 1950 King Leopold of Belgium abdicates, Baudouin becomes King

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1951 David Ben-Gurion's Mapai-party wins Israeli parliamentary election

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1953 California introduces sales tax (for education)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Fidel Castro arrested in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1953 Northern Rhodesia becomes part of Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
  • 1954 South African Natives Resettlement Act comes into being, empowers the Government to remove Africans from any area within and next to the magisterial district of Johannesburg
  • 1955 1st microgravity research begins

  • 1955 Tengku Abdul Rahman forms Malacca government
  • 1957 1st commercial building heated by Sun (Albuquerque, New Mexico)
  • 1957 US and Canada create North American Air Defense Command (NORAD)
  • 1958 US 1st class postage up to 4 cents (had been 3 cents for 26 years)
  • 1958 US atomic submarine USS Nautilus begins 1st transit of North Pole "operation Sunshine"

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1959 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Sacerdotii nostri primordia

  • 1960 Benin (Dahomey) gains independence from France
  • 1960 Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.
  • 1961 German DR limits traffic to West Berlin
  • 1961 New San Francisco Hall of Justice opens
  • 1961 Whitney Young Jr named executive director of National Urban League
  • 1962 Failed assassination on President Nkrumah of Ghana
  • 1963 Germany FR annexes Elten village
  • 1964 ALM (Antillian Airlines) begins operation
  • 1966 Charles Whitman wounds 31 and kills 16 at University of Texas
  • 1966 Yakubu Gowon becomes Nigerian Head of State after a military coup d'état
  • 1967 Izaak Samkalden becomes mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1968 Canada begins replacing silver with nickel in coins
  • 1968 Cleveland Metroparks begins operating Zoo
  • 1968 The coronation is held of Hassanal Bolkiah, the 29th Sultan of Brunei.

  • 1969 Mariner 6 sends close-up photos of Mars
  • 1970 EAA Convention moves from Rockford Ill to Oshkosh, Wi
  • 1972 1st article exposing Watergate scandal by Bernstein and Woodward in "The Washington Post"
  • 1973 H J Witteveen appointed as director of IMF
  • 1974 China's People's Liberation Army Navy, put into service ChangZheng 1, their first nuclear-powered submarine
  • 1975 38 government leaders signs Helsinki accord
  • 1975 41st Chicago Charities College All-Star Game: Pittsburgh 21, All-Stars 14 (54,103)
  • 1975 Helsinki Pact guaranteeing boundaries, rights signed by 35 nations
  • 1975 CSCE Final Act creates the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe
  • 1976 Flash flood in Big Thompson Canyon Colo on Route 34, kills 139
  • 1977 Former Lockheed U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers crashes the news helicopter he was flying in Los Angeles
  • 1978 Commandos occupy Iraqi embassy in Paris, 1 dead
  • 1979 Maria de Lurdes Pintasilgo forms government in Portugal
  • 1980 Buttevant Rail Disaster kills 18 and injures dozens of train passengers in Ireland.
  • 1981 Poland premier Jagielski resigns
  • 1982 H Aaron, F Robinson, T Jackson, & H Chandler inducted in Hall of Fame
  • 1982 Heavy Israeli air bombardment on Beirut
  • 1985 15.4 cm rainfall at Cheyenne, Wyoming (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Russian KGB officer Vitaly Yurchenko defects to the US in Rome, naming Americans Ronald Pelton and Edward Lee Howard as KGB agents

Alleged Soviet Spy Edward Lee Howard
Alleged Soviet Spy
Edward Lee Howard
  • 1987 Crossbow flight record (2,005 yds 1'9") set by Harry Drake in Nevada
  • 1987 Nurse Mary R Stout chosen chairperson of Vietnam Veterans of America
  • 1987 In New Zealand, the Maori Language Act comes into force, making te reo Māori an official language of New Zealand; it can now be used in some legal proceedings
  • 1987 ArenaBowl I, Pittsburgh Civic Arena: Denver Dynamite beats Pittsburgh Gladiators 45-16, Gary Mullen MVP
  • 1988 Deep Rover 1-man research submarine unveiled at Crater Lake, Oregon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Rush Limbaugh begins his national radio show.

Radio Personality and Author Rush Limbaugh
Radio Personality and Author
Rush Limbaugh
  • 1990 Iraq pulls out of talks with Kuwait
  • 1990 Soyuz TM-10 launches
  • 1992 USA/USSR Around World Air Race begins at Santa Monica
  • 1994 99.9°F (37.7°C) in Berlin-Dahlem: record
  • 1994 Train crash in Havana Cuba, 6 killed
  • 1998 -8] Gay & Lesbian Games #5 open in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999 Petronas Towers officially opened in Kuala Lumpur as the world's tallest building by Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad at 451.9 m (1483 ft)

Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad
Malaysian Prime Minister
Mahathir bin Mohamad
  • 2000 First patient to receive the Jarvik 2000, the first total artificial heart that can maintain blood flow in addition to generating a pulse
  • 2001 An agreement is reached on the position of the minority Albanian language in the Republic of Macedonia
  • 2001 Bulgaria, Cyprus, Latvia, Malta, Slovenia and Slovakia join the European Environment Agency.
  • 2001 Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a Ten Commandments monument installed in the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office
  • 2004 A supermarket fire kills 396 people and injures 500 in Asunción, Paraguay
  • 2007 The I-35W Mississippi River Bridge spanning the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minnesota, collapses during the evening rush hour

CameraFamous Photo

2010 200m x 250m photo mosaic commemorating the life of Filipino President Corazon Aquino is unveiled near Quirino Grandstand at the Luneta Park, Manila

11th President of the Philippines Corazon Aquino
11th President of the Philippines
Corazon Aquino
  • 2012 Typhoon Saola kills 82 people and displaces over 150,000 in the Philippines, Taiwan and China

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2013 Robert Mugabe continues to maintain power after winning 142 out of 210 seats in the Zimbabwean election

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • 2014 USA and UN announce a 72 hour ceasefire between Israel and Palestine, though it quickly breaks down
  • 2016 Anthrax outbreak in Yamalo-Nenets, Siberia kills one and infects 8 others, also kills 2,300 reindeer, global warming blamed
  • 2017 Christopher A. Wray confirmed at F.B.I. Director by US Senate
  • 2017 Bomb blast at Jawadia Shia mosque in Herat, Afghanistan kills about 30
  • 2017 Two Venezuelan opposition leaders, Leopoldo López and Antonio Ledezma re-arrested, revoking their house arrest
  • 2018 Swedish crown jewels stolen in heist from Strängnäs Cathedral, Stockholm
  • 2019 Protesting Kenyan cancer survivors in Nairobi urge their government to declare a "nation disaster' in a country with only 35 oncologists for 40 million people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2020 Egypt tells Elon Musk its pyramids were not built by aliens, after Musk tweets in support of a conspiracy theory that they did

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Entrepreneur
Elon Musk

Birthdays in History


Weddings in History


Deaths in History