On This Day

On This Day in History for August 2

Events in History

  • 338 BC Macedonian army led by Philip II defeats combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean
  • 216 BC Second Punic War: Battle of Cannae - Carthaginian army lead by Hannibal defeats numerically superior Roman army under command consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro
  • 257 St Stephen I's death ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1057 Frederik van Lotharingen elected as 1st Belgium Pope Stephen IX [X]
  • 1100 King William II of England (William Rufus) is killed by an arrow shot by Sir Walter Tyrell while hunting in the New Forest
  • 1542 French troops leave Flanders

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1552 Treaty of Passau: Emperor Charles V accepts Lutheran religion

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1578 Battle of Rijmenam: Spanish Habsburg forces defeated by Dutch troops (Eighty Years' War)
  • 1581 Leiden University names Rudolph Snellius as math professor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1610 English explorer Henry Hudson enters the bay later named after him, the Hudson Bay

Explorer Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
  • 1665 French expedition against Barbarians in Tunis and Algiers
  • 1695 Daniel Quare receives a British patent for his portable barometer
  • 1701 Great Peace of Montreal signed between New France and North American Indian nations at urging of Huron chief Kondiaronk
  • 1718 Austrian joins Triple Alliance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1738 France offers Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI mediation in his war against Turkey

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI

USAUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 Formal signing of the US Declaration of Independence by 56 people (date most accepted by modern historians)

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Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
Engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1782 George Washington creates Honorary Badge of Distinction

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1787 Swiss alpine explorer Horace Bénédict de Saussure becomes the third person to reach the top of Mont Blanc
  • 1790 1st US census conducted, the population was 3,939,214 including 697,624 slaves
  • 1791 Samuel Briggs and his son granted US patent for a nail-making machine

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1798 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson further decimates the French fleet

Electoral defeatImportant Vote

1802 Napoleon Bonaparte declared "Consul for Life" after winning national referendum

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1819 1st parachute jump in US by Frenchman Louis-Charles Guille over Jersey City

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1830 Charles X of France abdicates in favour of his grandson the Duc de Bordeaux

King of France Charles X
King of France
Charles X
  • 1831 Ten day campaign begins, Dutch army occupies Belgium
  • 1832 Battle of Bad Axe, Wisconsin: 1,300 Illinois militia defeat Sauk & Fox Native Americans ending the Black Hawk War in the US
  • 1858 1st mailboxes installed in Boston and NYC streets
  • 1858 Government of India transferred from East India Company to the British Crown
  • 1861 Skirmish at Dug Springs, Missouri results in Union victory

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1865 Lewis Carroll publishes "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland"

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • 1865 Trans Atlantic Cable being laid by SS Great Eastern between Great Britain and America snaps and is lost
  • 1870 Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London
  • 1873 1st trial run of San Francisco cable car, Clay Street between Kearny and Jones
  • 1877 San Francisco Public Library opens with 5,000 volumes
  • 1880 British Parliament officially adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
  • 1887 Chester A. Hodge of Beloit, Wisconsin, patents 'spur' barbed wire
  • 1892 George A. Wheeler is granted a US patent for a prototype of the escalator
  • 1894 Death duties 1st introduced in Britain
  • 1894 Dutch Society for Women Suffrage gets royal charter
  • 1903 Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey
  • 1909 Army Air Corps formed as Army takes 1st delivery from Wright Brothers
  • 1909 US issues 1st Lincoln penny
  • 1911 Haiti's dictator Simon flees on US warship near Jamaica
  • 1914 Belgian government receives German ultimatum
  • 1914 German press falsely reports that French have bombed Nuremberg
  • 1914 German troops overthrow Luxembourg
  • 1914 Germany and Turkey sign secret treaty of alliance
  • 1914 Great Britain mobilizes
  • 1914 Postdam Conference ends
  • 1914 Russian troops invade Eastern Prussia
  • 1916 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto
  • 1918 Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 Marcus Garvey presents his "Back To Africa" program in NYC

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey
  • 1922 China is hit by a typhoon; about 60,000 die

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1928 Benito Mussolini signs peace treaty with Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1931 Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status

CameraFamous Photo

1932 Carl David Anderson discovers and photographs a positron, the first known antiparticle

Nobel Laureat Physicist Carl David Anderson
Nobel Laureat Physicist
Carl David Anderson
  • 1934 1st airplane train, plane tows 3 mail gliders behind it

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Adolf Hitler becomes commander-in-chief of German armed forces

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1934 William Franks twirls an indian club overhead 17,280 times in 1 hour
  • 1937 Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal
  • 1939 US Hatch Act prohibits political activity by federal workers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Clermont-Ferrand sentences General Charles de Gaulle to death

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1940 KL-House of saxon & commandos focus on Gross Rosen, Silesia
  • 1941 German 11st Army surrounds 20 Soviet divisions at Oeman
  • 1941 Jews are expelled from Hungarian Ruthenia
  • 1942 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp
  • 1942 Colonel general Hermann Hoth's Panzer army reaches Kotelnikovo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Lt John F. Kennedy's PT-boat 109 sinks at Solomon islands

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1943 Sunderland seaplanes sink U-706 and U-106
  • 1943 Armed revolt by 800 prisoners at Treblinka Extermination Camp: crematorium destroyed; 200 escape the compound, but only 100 survive
  • 1944 Jewish survivors of Kovono Ghetto emerge from their bunker
  • 1944 Turkey breaks diplomatic relationship with Nazi Germany

Sinking ShipSinking of the USS Indianapolis

1945 After 3½ days suffering exhaustion, lack of water and shark attacks in the Philippine Sea, the surviving crew of USS Indianapolis are spotted by Wilbur “Chuck” Gwinn, a PV-1 Ventura pilot on a routine sector search. 316 had survived.

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A scene from the 2016 movie
A scene from the 2016 movie "USS Indianapolis: Men of Courage"
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Conference of InterestPotsdam Conference

1945 Potsdam Conference between Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman and Winston Churchill (replaced by Clement Attlee after losing the 1945 general election) ends

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Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman and Josef Stalin in the garden of Cecilienhof Palace before meeting for the Potsdam Conference
Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman and Josef Stalin in the garden of Cecilienhof Palace before meeting for the Potsdam Conference
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  • 1954 Tahar Ben Ammar appointed premier of Tunisia
  • 1955 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1958 Jordan and Iraq dissolve their Arab Federation, after 3 months
  • 1961 Cyrille Adula becomes premier of Congo
  • 1963 30th Chicago College All-Star Game: All-Stars 20, Green Bay 17, 65,000 at Soldier Field
  • 1964 Dutch government gives Indonesia export guarantees
  • 1964 North Vietnam fires on a US destroyer in the Gulf of Tonkin incident which would eventually escalate US involvement in the Vietnam War
  • 1964 Race riot in Jersey City, New Jersey
  • 1965 Morley Safer's sends 1st Vietnam report indicating the US is losing
  • 1966 Radio Vila (New Hebrides) begins transmitting
  • 1967 US's Lunar Orbiter 5 launches; enters lunar orbit Aug 5
  • 1967 The second Blackwall Tunnel opens in Greenwich, London
  • 1968 35th Chicago College All-Star Game: Green Bay 34, All-Stars 17, 69,917 at Soldier Field

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 US President Richard Nixon visits Romania

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1970 France performs nuclear test at Fangataufa Island
  • 1970 Rubber bullets used for the first time in Northern Ireland during 'The Troubles'
  • 1972 Gold hits record $70 an ounce in London
  • 1975 104°F (40°C) at Providence, Rhode Island (state record)
  • 1975 107°F (42°C) at Chester/New Bedford, Massachusetts (state record)
  • 1980 Fascist bomb attack on Bologna Italy train station, 86 killed
  • 1983 STS-8 vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1983 US District Court begins trying Yonkers accused of race discrimination
  • 1984 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1985 5 die in a train crash in Westminster Colo
  • 1985 Delta Lockheed L-1011 crashes at Dallas-Fort Worth Airport, 137 die

Birthdays in History

  • 1455 Johan Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg (1486-99), born in Ansbach (d. 1499)
  • 1533 Theodor Zwinger, Swiss physician and scholar, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1588)
  • 1627 Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, Dutch painter, born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1678)
  • 1632 Kaspar von Stieler, German poet (Teutsche Wolredner), born in Erfurt, Germany (d. 1707)
  • 1672 Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss scholar, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1733)
  • 1674 Philippe II, Duke of Orléans and Regent of France (1715-23), born in Château de Saint Cloud, France (d. 1723)
  • 1696 Mahmud I, Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1730-54) who fought Austria & Russia, born in Edirne Palace, Edirne, Ottoman Empire (d. 1754)
  • 1703 Lorenzo Ricci, Italian Jesuit leader (18th & last Superior General of the Society of Jesus), born in Florence (d. 1775)
  • 1723 Nicolas de Pigage, French classical builder (Schloss Benrath), born in Lunéville, France (d. 1796)
  • 1746 Joan Lucaz, Dutch journalist and patriot (d. 1807)

Person of interestPierre Charles L'Enfant

1754 Pierre Charles L'Enfant, French-born American architect who laid out Washington, D.C., born in Paris, France (d. 1825)

Washington D.C. Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Washington D.C. Architect
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
  • 1788 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (Gmelin's test), born in Göttingen, Germany (d. 1853)
  • 1802 Nicholas Wiseman, 1st archbishop of Westminster (1860-65), born in Sevilla, Spain (d. 1865)
  • 1815 Adolf Friedrich von Schack, German poet, born in Brüsewitz, Germany (d. 1894)
  • 1818 Prince Alexander of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau, born in Soestdijk, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • 1820 John Tyndall, Irish physicist who demonstrated why the sky is blue and proved that the Earth's atmosphere has a greenhouse effect, born in Leighlinbridge, County Carlow, Ireland (d. 1893)
  • 1826 William Denison Whipple, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Madison County, New York (d. 1902)
  • 1828 Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque, Spanish general, born in Cadiz, Spain (d. 1895)
  • 1832 Henry Steel Olcott, American military officer and co-founder of the Theosophical Society, born in Orange, New Jersey (d. 1907)

Person of interestFrédéric-Auguste Bartholdi

1834 Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor (designed the Statue of Liberty), born in Colmar, France (d. 1904)

  • 1834 Isaac Capadose, Dutch clergyman in the Catholic Apostolic Church, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1920)
  • 1835 Elisha Grey, American electrical engineer and inventor (Telephone), born in Barnesville, Ohio (d. 1901)
  • 1854 F. Marion Crawford, American author (Mr. Isaacs), born in Bagni de Lucca, Italy (d. 1909)
  • 1858 Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Queen consort of William and Regent of the Netherlands, born in Arolsen Castle, Arolsen, Waldeck and Pyrmont, German Confederation (d. 1934)
  • 1858 William Watson, British poet (Prince's Quest, Father of Forest), born in Burley-in-Wharfedale, Yorkshire (d. 1935)
  • 1861 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bengali chemist (founder of Bengal Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals), born in Khulna, British India (d. 1944)
  • 1865 Irving Babbitt, American writer (Rousseau & Romanticism), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1933)
  • 1865 John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1955)
  • 1867 Ernest Dowson, British poet (Decorations in Verse and Prose), born in Lee, London
  • 1867 Frank Alvord Perret, American volcanologist renowned for his research at Vesuvius, Etna, Stromboli and Kilauea, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1943)

Person of interestConstantine I

1868 Constantine I, King of Greece (1913-17, 20-22), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1923)

King of Greece Constantine I
King of Greece
Constantine I
  • 1871 John French Sloan, American painter and etcher, born in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania (d. 1951)
  • 1872 George E. Stewart, American army officer and Medal of Honor recipient, born in New South Wales, Australia (d. 1946)
  • 1875 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist, born in Veliky Novgorod, Russia (d. 1957)
  • 1878 Aino Kallas, Finnish writer (White Ship, Estonian Tales), born in Kiiskilä, Viipuri Province, Grand Duchy of Finland (d. 1956)
  • 1878 Princess Ingeborg of Sweden, wife of Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland, born in Charlottenlund Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1958)
  • 1881 Ethel M. Dell, English author (Storm Drift), born in London (d. 1939)
  • 1882 Johannes Tralow, German writer (Ottoman tetralogy), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1884 Rómulo Gallegos, 48th President of Venezuela (1948), born in Caracas, Venezuela (d. 1969)
  • 1886 John Alexander Douglas McCurdy, Canadian aviator, born in Baddeck, Nova Scotia (d. 1961)
  • 1891 Viktor Maksimovich Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian and linguist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1971)
  • 1892 Jack L Warner [Jacob Warner], Canadian-American film executive and president of the Warner Bros. Studios, born in London, Ontario, Canada (d. 1978)
  • 1892 John Kieran, American columnist and author (Natural History of NYC), born in NYC, New York (d. 1981)
  • 1897 Karl Otto Koch, German SS-officer, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1897 Max Weber, Swiss Federal Councilor, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1974)
  • 1899 George Malcolm Thomson, British journalist, born in Leith, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Albert Goodwin, English historian, born in Sheffield, England (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Mary Hamman, American writer and editor (Pictorial Review, Good Housekeeping), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1984)
  • 1909 Lord Benson [Henry Alexander], British accountant (Coopers & Lybrand), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1995)
  • 1910 Lawrence Josset, British engraver, born in Cambridgeshire, England (d. 1995)
  • 1910 Lou Zara, American writer (Stump the Authors), born in NYC, New York (d. 2001)
  • 1912 Bela Szigeti, Hungarian theoretical physicist, born in Budapest (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Vladimir Žerjavić, Croatian economist and UN statistician, born in Križ, Moslavania, Croatia (d. 2001)
  • 1915 Johan Limpers, Dutch sculptor and resistance fighter, born in Heemstede, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • 1916 Reginald Murley, British surgeon (President of the Royal College of Surgeons) (d. 1997)
  • 1919 John Pinkerton, English computer scientist who designed the first business computer in England, the LEO computer, born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1920 Louis Pauwels, French writer and editor, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • 1922 Lord Murray of Epping Forest [Lionel], British labour politician and union leader (General Secretary TUC), born in Hadley, Telford (d. 1984)
  • 1922 Paul Laxalt, American politician (22nd Governor of Nevada), born in Reno, Nevada

Person of interestShimon Peres

1923 Shimon Peres, Israeli Prime Minister (Labor), President (2007-14) and Nobel Peace Prize (1994), born in Wiszniewo, Poland (d. 2016)

Israeli Statesman Shimon Peres
Israeli Statesman
Shimon Peres
  • 1924 Ismond Rosen, South African born psychoanalyst and artist (book on Sexual Deviation), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1996)

Person of interestJames Baldwin

1924 James Baldwin, American novelist (Go Tell it on Mountain, Another Country) and playwright (The Amen Corner), born in Harlem, New York (d. 1987)

Novelist and Playwright James Baldwin
Novelist and Playwright
James Baldwin
  • 1925 Jorge Rafael Videla, Argentinian dictator, born in Mercedes, Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Betsy Bloomingdale, American socialite and fashion leader, born in Beverly Hills, California (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Peter Swinnereton-Dyer, English mathematician, born in Ponteland, Northumberland
  • 1928 Hugh Francis Lamprey, British ecologist (d. 1996)
  • 1929 John Gale, British theatrical producer (Chichester Festival), born in Chigwell, Essex, England
  • 1929 John Hannam, British Conservative politician (MP for Exeter 1970-97)
  • 1929 Lord David Waddington, British politician (Home Secretary 1989-90), born in Burnley (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Ron de Lugo, American politician (Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from the U.S. Virgin Islands' at-large district 1981-95), born in Englewood, New Jersey
  • 1930 Vali Myers, Australian painter, born in Canterbury, Sydney (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Pierre DuMaine, American Roman Catholic bishop, born in Paducah, Kentucky
  • 1933 Alan Tuffin, British trade union leader (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Valery Bykovsky, Soviet cosmonaut (Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, 31), born in Pavlovsky Posad, Russia
  • 1935 Brian Wolfson, British CEO (Wembley Stadium Ltd), born in Merseyside (d. 2007)
  • 1935 Derek Anthony Enright, British Labour politician, born in Thornaby-on-Tees, North Riding of Yorkshire (d. 1995)
  • 1936 Christopher Hogg, British industrialist and CEO (Courtaulds & Reuters)
  • 1937 Ronald Brierley, New Zealand investor and company director, born in Wellington, New Zealand
  • 1938 Pierre de Bané, French Canadian politician (Senator for De la Vallière, Quebec), born in Haifa, British Mandate for Palestine
  • 1939 Benjamin Barber, American political theorist (Jihad vs. McWorld), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)

Person of interestIsabel Allende

1942 Isabel Allende, Chilean-American author (The House of the Spirits, City of the Beasts), born in Lima, Peru

  • 1943 Jeltje van Nieuwenhoven, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Noordwolde, Netherlands
  • 1943 Rose Tremain, British novelist and playwright (Restoration), born in London, England
  • 1945 Jewell Jackson McCabe, American feminist and social and political activist who led the National Coalition of 100 Black Women movement in the 1970s, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1945 John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex
  • 1945 Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer, born in Salzburg, Austria
  • 1948 Robert Holdstock, English sci-fi author (Ghost Dance, Labyrinth), born in Hythe, England (d. 2009)
  • 1949 Bertalan Farkas, Hungarian cosmonaut (Soyuz 36/35), born in Gyulaháza, Hungary
  • 1949 James Fallows, American writer and journalist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1950 Lance Ito, American judge (O.J. Simpson trial), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1950 Sue Rodriguez, Canadian assisted suicide advocate, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba (d. 1994)
  • 1951 Per Westerberg, Swedish politician (Speaker of the Riksdag), born in Nyköping, Sweden
  • 1952 Paul David Crews, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in South Carolina
  • 1954 James Charles Kopp, American citizen who murdered Barnett Slepian, born in Pasadena, California
  • 1955 Caleb Carr, American novelist and military historian, born in Manhattan, New York
  • 1955 Anne Lacaton, French architect (Lacaton & Vassal, Pritzker Prize 2021), born in Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière, France
  • 1956 Fulvio Melia, Italian-American physicist, astrophysicist and author, born in Gorizia, Italy
  • 1958 Chi Chia-wei, Taiwanese gay rights activist, born in Taiwan
  • 1963 Daniel Pelosi, American convicted murderer, born in Center Moriches, New York
  • 1970 Kevin Smith, American director (Chasing Amy, Mallrats, Clerks, born in Red bank, New Jersey

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1882 US educational pioneer Booker T. Washington (26) weds Fanny Smith

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington

LoveWedding of Interest

1904 Novelist Hermann Hesse (27) weds Maria Bernoulli

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • 1930 Laurence McKinley Gould (33), American Geologist and Polar Explorer weds Margaret ("Peg") Rice in Ann Arbor, Michigan

LoveWedding of Interest

1968 Future President of the Philippines Gloria Macapagal (21) weds lawyer Jose Miguel Arroyo (22)

14th President of the Philippines Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
14th President of the Philippines
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

Deaths in History

  • 257 St Stephen I, bishop of Rome (Pope) (254-57) and heretic fighter, dies
  • 640 Severinus, Italian Pope (640), dies
  • 686 Pope John V, 1st Greek-Syrian Pope (685-86) dies
  • 924 Ælfweard of Wessex, briefly King of the Anglo-Saxons
  • 1002 Abu Amir Mohammed ibn Abd allah ibn Mohammed ibn Abi Amir, dies at 64
  • 1075 John VIII Xiphilinus, theologian and patriarch of Constantinople, dies
  • 1100 William II [Rufus], king of England, shot in New Forest at 44
  • 1222 Raymond VI, Count of Toulouse (1194-1222), dies at 65
  • 1511 Andrew Barton, Scottish sailor and privateer, killed in a battle at sea
  • 1512 Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician and philosopher, dies at 48
  • 1589 Henry III, King of Poland and France (1573-89), assassinated at 37
  • 1600 Arent van Dorp, Dutch governor of East-Zealand, dies at about 70
  • 1611 Kato Kiyomasa, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1562)
  • 1649 Elisabeth Bas, Dutch business woman and wife of Admiral Swartenhondt, dies at about 78
  • 1655 Alfonso de la Cueva, Spanish marquis of Bedmar and diplomat, dies at 83
  • 1696 Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, Scottish military commander (b. 1630)
  • 1769 Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, English politician, dies at 80
  • 1776 Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French nobleman and military leader, dies at 58
  • 1788 Thomas Gainsborough, English painter (Blue Boy), dies at 61
  • 1799 Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier, French inventor (1st hot air balloon), dies at 54
  • 1811 William Williams, American merchant (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 80
  • 1815 Guillaume Brune, French marshal, dies at 52
  • 1823 Lazare Carnot, French politician, engineer and mathematician known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars, dies at 70
  • 1849 Governor Muhammad Ali of Egypt (b. 1769)

Person of interestHorace Mann

1859 Horace Mann, American education advocate, dies at 63

Father of American Education Horace Mann
Father of American Education
Horace Mann
  • 1869 Alexandrine Tinne, Dutch explorer and photographer, murdered trying to cross the Sahara at 33
  • 1872 Judocus Smits, Dutch RC newspaper publisher (De Tijd), dies at 59

Person of interestWild Bill Hickok

1876 Wild Bill" Hickok [James Butler], American cowboy and scout, shot dead from behind by Jack McCall while playing poker (he held a pair of Aces and a pair of 8's), dies at 39

Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok
  • 1881 Marcus Clarke, English born Australian author (For the Term of His Natural Life) dies at 35
  • 1889 Eduardo Gutiérrez, Argentinian author (Juan Moreira), dies at 38
  • 1890 Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (works characterized by a deep sense of pessimism), dies at 76
  • 1891 George Washington Williams, American historian (History of the Negro Race in America), dies from tuberculosis and pleurisy at 41
  • 1895 Joseph Thomson, Scottish geologist and early African explorer (Thomson's Gazelle), dies of pneumonia at 37
  • 1903 Edmond Nocard, French veterinarian (Louis Pasteur Institute), dies at 53

Person of interestAlexander Graham Bell

1922 Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born British American inventor (telephone), dies of diabetes complications at 75

  • 1922 Mina Kruseman, Dutch author and feminist, dies at 82

Person of interestWarren G. Harding

1923 Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (1921-23), dies of a heart attack at the Palace Hotel in San Francisco at 57

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding

Person of interestPaul von Hindenburg

1934 Paul von Hindenburg, German WW1 general and President of Germany (1925-34), dies of lung cancer at 86

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1936 Louis Blériot, French aviator who made the first flight across the English Channel in a heavier than air aircraft, dies of a heart attack at 64
  • 1939 Harvey Spencer Lewis, American Rosicrucian author and mystic, dies at 55
  • 1941 Jose Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (el Florilegio), dies at 70
  • 1942 Friedrich Aereboe, German landlord and agricultural economist, dies at 77
  • 1955 Rupprecht, last crown prince of Bavaria and German fieldmarshall during WWI, dies at 86
  • 1955 Wallace Stevens, American poet (The Auroras of Autumn), dies at 75
  • 1956 Albert Woolson, last veteran US Union army, dies at 109
  • 1961 Giovanni Battista Angioletti, Italian author (Il giorno del giudizio), dies at 64
  • 1963 Oliver [Hazard Perry] La Farge, American anthropologist and novelist, dies at 61
  • 1965 N. Howell Furman, American Chemist whose work on separating uranium contributed to the development of the atomic bomb, dies at 73
  • 1967 Claude Albert Barnett, American journalist and founder (Associated Negro Press), dies at 77
  • 1971 Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher, dies at 77
  • 1972 Paul Goodman, US social critic/writer, dies at 60
  • 1972 Helen Hoyt, American poet, dies at 85
  • 1973 Jean-Pierre Melville, director (Bob Le Flambeur), dies at 57
  • 1976 Fritz Lang, Austrian-German-American director (M, Metropolis, Fury, The Testament of Dr. Mabuse), dies from a stroke at 85
  • 1978 Satomi Myodo, Zen nun/attendant of Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, dies at 82
  • 1978 Totie Fields [Sophie Feldman], American comedienne, dies at 48
  • 1986 Roy Marcus Cohn, American lawyer (Joseph McCarthy), dies of AIDS at 59
  • 1987 Myron Stout, US abstract artist, dies at 79
  • 1988 Raymond Carver, American poet and short story writer (Furious Season), dies at 50
  • 1988 Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (The Green Grocer), dies at 73
  • 1990 Norman Mclean, American writer (b. 1902)
  • 1992 Julio C Fernandez, Cuban/American journalist (founder Alma Mater), dies
  • 1994 Bhagwatpersad Ausan, commandant Suriname military police, dies at 38
  • 1995 Colin Falkland Gray, New Zealand fighter ace of the Second World War, dies at 80
  • 1996 Michel Debre, French politician, Prime Minister of France (1959-62), dies at 84

Person of interestWilliam S. Burroughs

1997 William S. Burroughs, American writer (Naked Lunch, The Nova Trilogy) and visual artist, dies of a heart attack at 83

Writer and Artist William S. Burroughs
Writer and Artist
William S. Burroughs
  • 2003 Peter Safar, Austrian physician (pioneered cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR), dies at 79
  • 2003 Charles Kerruish, Manx politician and President of Tyndwald Isle of Man, dies at 86
  • 2004 François Craenhals, Belgian comic artist (Chevalier Ardent), dies at 77
  • 2005 Steven Vincent, American journalist and writer, kidnapped and murdered by religious extremists in Iraq at 49
  • 2007 Chauncey Bailey, American journalist and editor, murdered while investigating a crime syndicate at 57
  • 2007 Holden Roberto, Angolan independence leader, founder of the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA), dies at 84
  • 2008 Fujio Akatsuka, Japanese cartoonist, dies of pneumonia at 72
  • 2008 John F. Seiberling, American politician (Rep-D-OH, 1971-86), dies at 89
  • 2011 Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-American immunologist (Nobel 1980 - discovery of genes that regulate immune responses and of the role that some of these genes play in autoimmune diseases), dies at 90
  • 2011 Clarence E. Miller, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1967-93), dies at 93
  • 2015 Forrest Bird, American aviator and inventor (1st respirators and ventilators), dies at 94
  • 2016 Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American chemist, (Nobel Prize 1999), dies at 70