On This Day

On This Day in History for August 20

Events in History

  • 2 Venus and Jupiter in conjunction - possible astrological explanation for Star of Bethlehem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

573 Gregory of Tours selected bishop of Tours

Chronicler/Bishop Gregory of Tours
Gregory of Tours
  • 636 Battle at Yarmuk: Muslims beat Byzantines [or August 15]
  • 917 Battle at Anchialus: Bulgaria army counter attacks Byzantines
  • 1000 The foundation of the Hungarian state, Hungary is established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1191 Crusader King Richard I kills 3,000 muslim prisoners in Akko

  • 1391 Konrad von Wallenrode becomes the 24th Hochmeister of the Teutonic Order.
  • 1534 Turkish admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" occupies Tunis
  • 1566 Iconoclasm reaches Antwerp, Belgium
  • 1597 1st Dutch East India Company ships return from the Far East
  • 1604 Spanish garrison of Sluis surrenders to count Maurice
  • 1612 9 Pendle witches hanged at Gallows Hill in Lancaster, England
  • 1619 1st known African Americans in English North America (approx. 20) land at Point Comfort (Fort Monroe), Virginia. They are then sold or traded into servitude.
  • 1641 England & Scotland sign Treaty of Pacification
  • 1648 Battle of Lens: French Duc d'Enghien defeats Spaniards

MurderMurder of Interest

1672 Former Grand Pensionary Johan de Witt and his brother Cornelis are brutally murdered by an angry mob in The Hague.

Statesman and Advisor of Holland Johan de Witt
Statesman and Advisor of Holland
Johan de Witt
  • 1741 Alaska first sighted by Danish explorer Vitus Bering at head of Russian expedition

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1781 George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers: Major General "Mad Anthony" Wayne defeats a joint British-Native American force at Fallen Timbers, Ohio in the final battle of the Northwest Indian War

Military Leader Anthony Wayne
Military Leader
Anthony Wayne
  • 1795 Joseph Haydn returns to Vienna from England
  • 1828 Hindi reform movement Brahmo Samaj founded by Ram Mohan Roy and Dwarkanath Tagore in Calcutta
  • 1856 Wilberforce University forms in Ohio
  • 1861 Skirmish at Jonesboro, MO
  • 1864 8th/last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Va (about 3,900 casualties)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 President Andrew Johnson proclaims an end to "insurrection" in Texas

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1866 President Andrew Johnson formally declares US Civil War over
  • 1879 Government Kappeijne of Coppello resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 Second Salon exhibition by Society of Independent Artists held in Paris; includes Georges Seurat's "A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte"

Post-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat
Post-Impressionist Painter
Georges Seurat
  • 1892 The Transvaal National Union, a political organisation, is set up with J. Tudhope as president
  • 1893 Shechita (ritual slaughtering) prohibited in Switzerland
  • 1896 Dial telephone patented
  • 1900 Japan's primary school law is amended to provide for four years of mandatory schooling.
  • 1901 The Fawcett Commission visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Chinese revolutionary Sun Yat-sen forms the first chapter of T'ung Meng Hui, a union of all secret societies determined to bringing down the Manchus (Qing dynasty)

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • 1908 Congo Free State becomes Belgian Congo

BoatGreat White Fleet

1908 America's Great White Fleet arrives in Sydney, Australia, to be greeted with a tremendous welcome; 221 American sailors desert to remain in Australia

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American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage
American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage
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  • 1910 US supported opposition brings down Madriz in Nicaragua
  • 1912 Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect
  • 1913 1st pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe Pégoud, France)
  • 1913 Piotr Nesterow 1st flight (Kiev Ukraine)
  • 1914 German General von Bulow executes 211 Belgians
  • 1914 Battle at Gumbinnen, East-Prussia: Russians beat Germans
  • 1914 Battle at Morhange: German troops chase French, killing thousands
  • 1914 Bavarian troops kill 50 inhabitants of Nomeny, France
  • 1914 German army captured Brussels as the Belgian army retreated to Antwerp
  • 1918 WWI: Britain opens offensive on Western front
  • 1920 1st US commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit begins daily broadcasting
  • 1920 Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes
  • 1920 Israel publishes its first medical journal "Ha-Refuah"
  • 1923 London dock strike ends
  • 1925 WJR-AM in Detroit MI begins radio transmissions
  • 1926 Uprising against Rezā Shāh Pahlavi in Iran
  • 1926 Japan's public broadcasting company, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai(NHK) is established.
  • 1929 1st airship flight around Earth flying eastward completed
  • 1935 Military coup by General Pons & president Ibarra in Ecuador
  • 1939 1st black bowling league formed (National Bowling Assoc)
  • 1939 Russian offensive under General Zjoekov against Japanese invasion in Mongolia
  • 1940 1st Polish squadrons fight along allies in the Battle of Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 British PM Churchill says of Royal Air Force, "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few"

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

MurderMurder of Interest

1940 Louis Buchalter is indicted on murder charges in Los Angeles for the killing of Harry Greenberg, a mob associate of casino owner Meyer Lansky and mobster Bugsy Siegel

  • 1941 Police raid 11th district of Paris, takes 4,000+ Jewish males
  • 1942 Dim-out regulations implemented in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 French General Charles de Gaulle returns to France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1944 Soviet offensive at Jassy & Kisjinev
  • 1944 US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap
  • 1945 Soviet troops occupy Harbin & Mukden
  • 1947 Turner Caldwell in D-558-I sets aircraft speed record, 1131 kph
  • 1948 US expels Soviet Consul General in New York, Jacob Lomakin
  • 1949 Hungary (Magyar People's Republic) accepts constitution

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1952 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meets Chinese premier Zhou Enlai

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai

BattleCoup d'état

1953 General Fazlollah Zahedi arrests Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in a CIA supported coup d'état

Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh
Prime Minister of Iran
Mohammad Mosaddegh
  • 1953 Russia publicly acknowledges hydrogen bomb test detonation
  • 1955 Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco & Algeria
  • 1956 Republicans convene at Cow Palace
  • 1957 USAAF balloon breaks an altitude record at 102,000' (310,896 m)
  • 1959 Belgium shortens military conscription to 12 months
  • 1960 Senegal breaks from Mali federation, declaring independence
  • 1960 USSR recovers 2 dogs, 1st living organisms to return from space
  • 1961 East Germany begins erecting 5' high wall along the border with the west to replace the barbed wire put up Aug 13
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Economic Opportunity Act, an anti-poverty measure totaling nearly $1 billion

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1967 Alvin Dark (52-69) is fired, rehired, & fired again as manager of A's

Soviet UnionWarsaw Pact Invasion of Czechoslovakia

1968 During the night 250,000 Soviet and Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia in response to the Prague Spring

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Crowds of protesters surround Soviet tanks during the first days of the invasion of Czechoslovakia
Crowds of protesters surround Soviet tanks during the first days of the invasion of Czechoslovakia
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  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 69 cm rainfall in Nelson County, Virginia (state record)
  • 1970 -21] Hurricane Dorothy, kills 42 in Martinique
  • 1971 FBI begins covert investigation of journalist Daniel Schorr
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Nelson Rockefeller is selected as US Vice President by President Gerald Ford

Businessman and US Vice President Nelson Rockefeller
Businessman and US Vice President
Nelson Rockefeller
38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1974 Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed is elected fifth President of India
  • 1975 Il-62 crashes south of Damascus, Syria, killing 126
  • 1975 Viking 1 launched to orbit around Mars, soft landing

USAVoyager 2 Spacecraft

1977 NASA launches Voyager 2 towards Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune

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NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft launched atop its Titan/Centaur-7 launch vehicle
NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft launched atop its Titan/Centaur-7 launch vehicle
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  • 1978 Gunmen open fire on an Israeli El Al Airline bus in London
  • 1978 Mark Vinchesi of Amherst Mass keeps a frisbee aloft 15.2 seconds
  • 1978 Tatyana Providokhina runs female world record 1k (2:30.6)
  • 1979 India premier Charan Singh resigns
  • 1979 The East Coast Main Line rail route between England and Scotland is restored when the Penmanshiel Diversion opens.
  • 1980 Pitts Omar Moreno steals record 70 bases for 3rd consecutive season
  • 1980 Reinhold Messner of Italy is 1st to solo ascent Mt Everest

Birthdays in History

  • 1377 Shahrukh Mirza, Ruler of Persia and Transoxonia (1405-47), born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan (d. 1447)
  • 1517 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Spanish cardinal and viceroy of Naples (1571-75), born in Besançon, France (d. 1586)
  • 1526 Peter Opmeer, Dutch church historian and humanist (Historia Martyrum) (d. 1595)
  • 1625 Thomas Corneille, French playwright (Timocrates), born in Rouen, France (d. 1709)
  • 1632 Louis Bourdaloue, French Jesuit preacher, born in Bourges, France (d. 1704)
  • 1637 Cornelis Van Aerssen, Dutch governor of Suriname (1638-88), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1688)
  • 1665 Bernardus Smijtegelt, Dutch vicar (Gekrookte Reed), born in Goes, Netherlands (d. 1739)
  • 1702 Stepan F graaf Apraksin, Russian general-fieldmarshal (d. 1758)
  • 1710 Thomas Simpson, English mathematician (rule of Simpson), born in Sutton Cheney, Leicestershire (d. 1761)
  • 1719 Charles-François de Broglie, French soldier and diplomat, marquis de Ruffec, born in Paris (d. 1791)
  • 1719 Christian Mayer, Czech Catholic priest and astronomer, born in Modřice, Moravia (d. 1783)
  • 1764 Charles F Bentinck, Dutch minister of Colonies
  • 1778 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chillán, Chile, South American independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule (1817-1823 Supreme Director of Chile)
  • 1779 Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist, born in Linköping, Sweden (d. 1848)

Person of interestFabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen

1779 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, Russian explorer who discovered the continent of Antarctica, born in Osel, Estonia (d. 1852)

  • 1785 Oliver Hazard Perry, American Naval hero (Battle of Lake Erie), born in South Kingstown, Rhode Island (d. 1819)
  • 1799 Heinrich von Gagern, German liberal politician, born in Bayreuth, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1880)
  • 1802 Cadwalader Ringgold, American Commander (Union Navy), born in Washington County, Maryland (d. 1867)
  • 1811 Gilman Marston, American Brigadier General (Union Army) and politician (R-NH), born in Orford, New Hampshire (d. 1890)
  • 1824 Absalom Baird, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1905)
  • 1832 Thaddeus S. C. Lowe, American aeronaut and inventor, born in Jefferson Mills, Coos County, New Hampshire (d. 1913)

Person of interestBenjamin Harrison

1833 Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (Republican: 1889-93), born in North Bend, Ohio (d. 1901)

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • 1842 Juliaan de Vriendt, Flemish painter, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1935)
  • 1845 Albert Chmielowski, Polish Catholic Saint, born in Igołomia, Małopolskie, Congress Poland (d. 1916)
  • 1847 Bolesław Prus, Polish writer (The Outpost), born in Hrubieszów, Congress Poland (d. 1912)
  • 1855 Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter (Laodania), born in Omsk, Russian Empire (d. 1909) [NS Sept 1]
  • 1856 Jakub Bart-Ćišinski, Sorbian writer, born in Panschwitz-Kuckau, Germany (d. 1909)
  • 1860 Raymond Poincaré, French president and Prime Minister (1912), born in Bar-le-Duc, France (d. 1934)
  • 1873 Eliel Saarinen, Finnish-American architect (GM Tech Institute, Mich), born in Rantasalmi, Finland (d. 1950)
  • 1881 Edgar Albert Guest, English-American poet and newspaperman, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1959)
  • 1885 Dino Campana, Italian poet (Canti orfici), born in Marradi, Italy (d. 1932)
  • 1886 Paul Tillich, German-American theologist (Die sozial Entscheidung), born in Starzeddel, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1965)
  • 1890 H. P. Lovecraft, American horror writer (At the Mountains of Madness, Weird Tales), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1937)
  • 1897 Tarjei Vesaas, Norwegian poet and author (Det Store Spelet), born in Vinje, Telemark, Norway (d. 1970)
  • 1898 Gerard Kraus, Dutch psychiatrist and director Santpoort (Insanity in Netherlands) (d. 1956)
  • 1898 Leopold Infeld, Polish nuclear physicist (Whom the God's Love), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1968)
  • 1898 Vilhelm Moberg, Swedish author (The Emigrants) and historian, born in Moshultamåla, Sweden (d. 1973)
  • 1899 Hanns Lilje, German Lutheran bishop and antifascist (Church und Welt), born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1977)

Person of interestSalvatore Quasimodo

1901 Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian poet, critic and translator (Nobel 1959), born in Modica, Italy (d. 1968)

Author/Poet Salvatore Quasimodo
Salvatore Quasimodo
  • 1902 Ernest Marke, Sierra Leonean seaman and club owner (d. 1995)
  • 1904 Jaap [Jacobus Albertus Wilhelmus] Burger, Dutch politician and chairman (PvdA), born in Willemstad, Netherlands (d. 1986)
  • 1905 Jean Gebser, German-born author, linguist, and poet, born in Poznań, Poland (d. 1973)
  • 1907 Stanley Devon, British photographer (British press photographer of the year 1948, 50) (d. 1995)
  • 1908 John Reginald Bevins, British Conservative politician, born in Liverpool, Lancashire (d. 1996)
  • 1908 Kingsley Davis, American sociologist and demographer (coined the term "population explosion"), born in Tuxedo, Texas (d. 1997)
  • 1910 Eero Saarinen, Finnish-American architect (IBM Building, MIT Chapel), born in Kirkkonummi, Finland (d. 1961)
  • 1912 Philip Kapleau, American Zen teacher and founder (Rochester Zen Center in New Haven), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2004)

Person of interestJacqueline Susann

1918 Jacqueline Susann, American author (Valley of the Dolls), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1974)

  • 1922 Tetsuzo Akutsu, Japanese surgeon who built the first artificial heart, born in Japan (d. 2007)
  • 1931 Bernhard "Bernd" Becher, German artist and photographer (industrialist builder 19th/20th), born in Siegen, Germany (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Vasily Aksyonov, Soviet-Russian novelist (The Burn), born in Kazan, Soviet Union (d. 2009)
  • 1933 Don Fuqua, American Democratic politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1933 George J. Mitchell, American lawyer and politician (Senate Majority Leader 1989-95), born in Waterville, Maine
  • 1935 Ron Paul, American author and politician (3 times presidential candidate, 1988, 2008, 12), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1936 Hideki Shirakawa, Japanese chemist (Nobel Prize 2000 - discovery and development of conductive polymers), born in Tokyo
  • 1937 Corrie Moret-de Jong, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • 1938 Jean-Loup Chrétien, French cosmonaut (T-6, TM-7, STS 86), born in La Rochelle, France
  • 1938 Alain Vivien, French Socialist Party politician (MILS, French Mission Interministérielle pour la Lutte contre les Sectes Chairman 1998-2002), born in Melun, France
  • 1940 Rubén Hinojosa, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas), born in Edcouch, Texas
  • 1941 William H. Gray III, American politician (Rep-D-PA, 1978-1991), born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana (d. 2013)

Person of interestSlobodan Milošević

1941 Slobodan Milosevic, President of Serbia (1991-97) and Yugoslavia (1997-2000), born in Pozarevac

President of Serbia and Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević
President of Serbia and Yugoslavia
Slobodan Milošević

Person of interestRajiv Gandhi

1944 Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of India (1984-89), born in Bombay, British India (d.1991)

Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
Indian Prime Minister
Rajiv Gandhi
  • 1946 N.R. Narayana Murthy, Indian industrialist and co-founder (Infosys), born in Shidlaghatta, Kolar district, India
  • 1951 Greg Bear, American sci-fi author (2 Hugos, Eon, Eternity), born in San Diego, California
  • 1951 Svetlana Oktyabrevna Omelchenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1960 Sally Yates, American lawyer and Acting Attorney General (Jan 2017), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1961 Greg Egan, Australian science fiction and hard science author, born in Perth, Australia
  • 1975 Marianne Garvey, American reporter
  • 1975 Marcus Mastin, American author, born in Carthage, New York
  • 1994 Miracle the white buffalo, an extremely rare white, non-albino buffalo calf, born in Janesville Wisconsin
  • 2003 Prince Gabriel of Belgium, second child of King Philippe and Queen Mathilde of Belgium, born in Erasmus Hospital, Anderlecht, Brussels, Belgium

Weddings in History

  • 1836 English novelist (Vanity Fair) William Makepeace Thackeray (25) marries Isabella Gethin Shawe (20)
  • 2005 Award-winning American news anchor Lauren Sanchez (35) weds prominent talent agent Patrick Whitesell at The Bacara Resort and Spa in Santa Barbara, California

Divorces in History

  • 2012 The man known primarily for gatecrashing the White House, Tareq Salahi (42) divorces socialite Michaele Salahi (46) due to adultery, desertion and construction desertion

Deaths in History

  • 535 Mochta of Louth, disciple of St. Patrick
  • 984 John XIV [Petrus Canepanova], Italian Pope (983-84), dies
  • 1153 Bernard[us] van Clairvaux, French saint, dies
  • 1384 Geert Groote, Dutch founder of the Brethren of the Common Life, dies at 43
  • 1538 Aefgen Listinck, Dutch anabaptist, burned at stake
  • 1572 Miguel López de Legazpi, Spanish conquistador (b. 1502)
  • 1580 Jeronymo Osorio, Portuguese historian (b. 1506)
  • 1632 Valentin de Boulogne, French painter, buried at 38
  • 1639 Martin Opitz, German poet/historian (Troerinnen), dies at 41
  • 1643 Anne Hutchinson, English Puritan preacher, killed in Native American uprising (b. 1591)
  • 1648 Edward Herbert of Cherbury, English military/philosopher, dies at 65
  • 1672 Cornelis de Witt, Dutch, statesman, lynched at 49

Person of interestJohan de Witt

1672 Johan de Witt, Dutch statesman and advisor of Holland, lynched at 46

Statesman and Advisor of Holland Johan de Witt
Statesman and Advisor of Holland
Johan de Witt
  • 1679 Jacob Alting, Dutch theologist, dies at 60
  • 1680 William Bedloe, English fraudster and Popish Plot informer, dies at 30
  • 1701 Charles Sedley, English playwright (b. 1639)
  • 1773 Enrique Florez, Spanish historian, dies at 72
  • 1804 Charles Floyd, only fatality of the Lewis and Clark Expedition
  • 1811 Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer (b. 1729)

Person of interestPius VII

1823 Pius VII [Luigi Barnaba Gregorio Chiaramonti], Italian bishop of Imola and Pope (1800-23), dies at 83

Bishop of Imola and Pope Pius VII
Bishop of Imola and Pope
Pius VII
  • 1823 Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus, German encyclopedia publisher, dies at 51
  • 1825 William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland, dies at 72
  • 1864 Daniel Chaplin, US Union brigadier general, dies
  • 1864 John H Kelly, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 24
  • 1885 Edouard J. A. Agneessens, Flemish painter (Slave Market), dies at 42
  • 1887 Jules Laforgue, French poet (Les Complaintas), dies at 27

Person of interestWilliam Booth

1912 William Booth, English preacher and founder of the Salvation Army, dies at 83 [1]

Co-founder of the Salvation Army William Booth
Co-founder of the Salvation Army
William Booth
  • 1914 Pius X [Giuseppe M Sarto], Pope (1903-14), dies
  • 1915 Paul Ehrlich, German bacteriologist and physician (Chemotherapy, Nobel Prize 1908), dies in 61
  • 1917 JFW Adolf Ritter von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905), dies
  • 1932 Paul Keller, German writer (Vergrabenes Gut), dies at 59
  • 1945 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • 1947 Franz VM Cumont, Belgian religious historian, dies at 79
  • 1952 Kurt Schumacher, German political chairman (SPD), dies at 56
  • 1959 Alfred Kubin, Austrian writer and illustrator, dies at 82
  • 1961 Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Canadian-American Arctic explorer and ethnologist, dies at 82
  • 1961 Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist (Nobel 1946 - physics of high pressure), dies at 79
  • 1963 Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer, dies at 84
  • 1968 Channing H. Cox, American politician (49th Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 88
  • 1970 Hildo Krop, modernistic sculptor, dies at 86
  • 1971 Rashid Minhas, Pakistani Air Force pilot (b. 1951)
  • 1983 Kerwin Duinmeijer, Dutch of Antillean descent, murdered by in a racially motivated attack at 15
  • 1985 Harchand Singh Longowai [Sant Ji], Indian Sikh leader and President of the Akali Dal during the Punjab insurgency of the 1980s, assassinated by Sikh extremists less than a month after he signed a peace accord with the government [1]
  • 1986 Milton Acorn, Canadian poet (b. 1923)
  • 1989 George Adamson [Baba ya Simba - "Father of Lions"], British conservationist (Born Free), murdered in Kenya at 82
  • 1990 Marc Turfkruijer, Flemish movie journalist and writer, dies at 90
  • 1991 Lenore Strunsky Gershwin, widow of Ira Gershwin, dies at 90
  • 1992 Ivan Nikolayevich Anikeyev, cosmonaut, dies at 59
  • 1992 William Taylor, chairman (FDIC), dies at 53
  • 1993 Bernard Delfgaauw, philosopher (Johnson murderer!), dies at 80
  • 1994 Kalman Kahana, Polish co-founder of state Israel, dies at 81
  • 1995 Hugo Pratt, graphic artist, dies at 68
  • 1997 Norris Bradbury, American physicist (b. 1909)
  • 2001 Sir Fred Hoyle, English astronomer and sci-fi writer (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Joe Rosenthal, American photographer (Pulitzer Prize-Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima), dies at 94
  • 2006 Bryan Budd, British soldier (Afghanistan), dies at 29
  • 2006 Richard Arthur de Yarburgh-Bateson, 6th Lord Deramore, British architect, dies at 95
  • 2007 Leona Helmsley, American real estate billionaire and convicted of federal income tax evasion, dies at 87
  • 2007 Larry Hartsell, American martial artist, bodyguard, trainer, student of Bruce Lee and Dan Inosanto, dies at 65

Person of interestHua Guofeng

2008 Hua Guofeng, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1976-81) and Premier of the People's Republic of China (1976-80), dies at 87

Paramount Leader of China Hua Guofeng
Paramount Leader of China
Hua Guofeng
  • 2008 Stephanie Tubbs Jones, American politician (b. 1949)
  • 2012 Meles Zenawi, Ethiopian politician (President, 1991-95; Prime Minister, 1995-2012), dies from liver cancer at 57
  • 2012 Dom Mintoff, Maltese Prime Minister (1955-58, 1971-84), dies at 96
  • 2013 Elmore Leonard, American author (Glitz, Mr Majestyk, Touch, 52 Pick-Up), dies from complications from a stroke at 87
  • 2014 B.K.S. Iyengar, Indian yoga advocate, dies at 95
  • 2015 Egon Bahr, German journalist and politician (Ostpolitik policy), dies at 93