On This Day

On This Day in History for August 22

Events in History

  • 392 Arbogast has Eugenius elected Western Roman Emperor.
  • 565 St Columba reports seeing monster in Loch Ness
  • 851 Erispoe defeats Charles the Bald near the Breton town of Jengland.
  • 1138 English defeat the Scottish at Cowton Moor, Yorkshire. Banners of various saints carried into battle - led to the name Battle of the Standard
  • 1454 Jews are expelled from Brunn Moravia by order of King Ladislaus

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1485 Battle of Bosworth Field: Henry Tudor's forces defeat English King Richard III during last battle in the Wars of the Roses. Richard is killed, the last English monarch to die in battle.

King of England Richard III
King of England
Richard III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1543 Emperor Charles V's army occupies Duren

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1559 Spanish archbishop Bartholome de Carranza arrested as heretic
  • 1572 Failed assassination on Gaspard de Coligny, a French nobleman and admiral, a Huguenot leader in the French Wars of Religion (killed 2 days later)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1582 King James VI of Scotland captured

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1603 1st stones laid in Zuiderkerk, Amsterdam
  • 1614 Trades people under Vincent Fettmilch chase & plunder Jews out of ghetto in Frankfurt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1632 Prince Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange occupies Maastricht

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1639 Madras (now Chennai), India, founded by the British East India Company on sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers
  • 1642 English Civil War begins between Royalists and Parliament
  • 1654 Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam (modern day Manhattan) aboard the Peartree, one of the first Jewish colonists
  • 1707 Prince Eugenius van Savoye siege of Toulon
  • 1707 Sweden & Prussia sign military treaty
  • 1717 Spanish troops land on Sardinia
  • 1762 1st female (Ann Franklin) US newspaper editor, Newport, Rhode Island, Mercury

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1770 James Cook's expedition lands on the east coast of Australia

Explorer James Cook
James Cook

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 King George III proclaims colonies to be in open rebellion

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • 1780 HMS Resolution, without Captain James Cook, returns to England
  • 1787 John Fitch's steamboat completes its tests, years before Fulton
  • 1788 Sierra Leone settled by British as a haven for former slaves
  • 1791 Haitian Slave Revolution begins under voodoo priest Boukman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1798 French troops land in Kilcummin harbour in County Mayo, Ireland, to aid Wolfe Tone's United Irishmen's Irish Rebellion

Irish Republican and Revolutionary Wolfe Tone
Irish Republican and Revolutionary
Wolfe Tone
  • 1812 Swiss traveller Johann Ludwig Burckhardt is the 1st European to rediscover the Nabataean city of Petra (modern Jordan)
  • 1826 Colonies under Jedediah Strong Smith move near Salt Lake Utah
  • 1827 José de La Mar becomes President of Peru
  • 1848 The United States annexes New Mexico
  • 1849 The first air raid in history; Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice
  • 1851 Gold fields discovered in Australia
  • 1862 Battle of Catlett's Station, VA
  • 1862 Santee Sioux indian attack Fort Ridgely

Treaty of InterestFirst Geneva Convention

1864 First Geneva Convention adopted in Geneva "for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field" signed by 12 nations

Learn More
Major European powers sign the first-ever Geneva Convention
Major European powers sign the first-ever Geneva Convention
Learn More
  • 1865 William Sheppard is issued the first US patent for liquid soap
  • 1875 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
  • 1877 Nez Perce (Niimíipu) indians flee into Yellowstone National Park

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1901 Cadillac Motor Company is founded.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 US President Theodore Roosevelt became 1st US chief executive to ride in a car

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1906 1st Victor Victrola manufactured
  • 1910 Japan annexes Korea after 5 years as a protectorate
  • 1912 England defeat Australia to win the Triangular Tournament
  • 1914 Battle at Charleroi begins: Gen von Bulows troops beat French
  • 1914 1st encounter between British & German troops (in Belgium)
  • 1914 Battle in Ardennen: Neufchateau, Rossignal, Tintigny & Virton
  • 1914 Canada's Finance Act, 1914, receives assent
  • 1914 General Martos' troops occupy Soldau/Neidenburg, East Prussia
  • 1914 German troops execute 384 inhabitants of Tamines, Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 WW1: Von Ludendorff and Paul von Hindenburg move into East Prussia enroute to Russia

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 J. Edgar Hoover becomes Assistant Director of the FBI

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1926 Gold discovered in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1926 Greek dictator Gen Pangulos driven out
  • 1933 International Zionists Congress opens in Prague
  • 1939 Dutch border guards take positions for German invasion
  • 1939 Premier De Geer recalls Dutch holidaymakers in Black Forest
  • 1941 Nazi troops reach Lenningrad
  • 1942 Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • 1943 Soviet troops free Karkov

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Adolf Hitler orders Paris to be destroyed [or 23rd]

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1944 Last transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1945 Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford

BattleCoup d'état

1945 Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1950 Abdel Rehim swims English Channel (10:50)
  • 1950 Rotterdam dock strike ends
  • 1952 The penal colony on Devil's Island is permanently closed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi returns to Tehran

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1956 US President Eisenhower and VP Richard Nixon renominated by Republican convention in San Francisco

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1958 Toronto's Boyd Carter (15 yards) and Dave Mann (116 yards) combine for CFL record for the longest punt return in 15-14 win over Montreal Alouettes in Toronto
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1961 Maris hits his 50th of 61 homers

MurderAssassination Attempt

1962 Failed assassination attempt on French President Charles de Gaulle

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 Savannah, world's 1st nuclear-powered ship, completes maiden voyage from Yorktown, Va, to Savannah, Ga
  • 1963 NASA civilian test pilot Joe Walker in the X-15 rocket plane achieves a world record altitude of 354,200 feet (107,960 m, 67 miles)
  • 1964 Guinee, Liberia & Ivory Coast form joint market

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Civil rights activist Fannie Lou Hamer speaks at the US Democratic National Convention about her efforts to register to vote in Mississippi

Civil Rights Activist Fannie Lou Hamer
Civil Rights Activist
Fannie Lou Hamer

BeatificationPapal Visit

1968 1st papal visit to Latin America, Pope Paul VI arrives in Bogota to open a Eucharistic congress.

Pope Paul VI
Paul VI
  • 1968 The Society of Labour Lawyers (SLL) publishes an 'interim report' about alleged discrimination in Northern Ireland; the report is heavily criticised by unionists.
  • 1969 Gloria O Smith (NY) crowned 2nd Miss Black America
  • 1971 Bolivian military coup under col Hugo Banzer, pres Torres driven out
  • 1971 J. Edgar Hoover and John Mitchell announce the arrest of 20 of the "Camden 28".
  • 1971 Approximately 130 non-Unionist councillors announce their withdrawal from participation on district councils across Northern Ireland in protest against Internment (allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial)
  • 1972 IRA bomb explodes prematurely at a customs post at Newry, County Down - 9 people, including three members of the IRA and five Catholic civilians, are killed in the explosion
  • 1973 Chilean parliament accuses pres Allende violating laws
  • 1978 Sandinistas occupy National Palace in Managua, Nicaragua
  • 1979 200 black leaders meet in NY to support Andrew Young
  • 1980 Leaders of Port Elizabeth's Black secondary school children in South Africa decided to end a four month boycott of classes
  • 1982 Israeli General Ariel Sharon urges Palestinians to discuss peaceful coexistence
  • 1984 Evelyn Ashford of US ties world women's mark for 100 m, 10.76 sec
  • 1984 Last Volkswagen Rabbit produced

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1984 Republican convention in Dallas renominates President Ronald Reagan and Vice President George H. W. Bush

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1984 The United Democratic Front, an internal coalition of anti-apartheid groups in South Africa, organizes a highly successful boycotts of the Colored and Indian elections to parliament
  • 1985 Airtours Boeing-737 crashes at Manchester airport, 55 killed
  • 1986 NASA announces tests designed to verify ignition pressure dynamics
  • 1988 Australia unveils 1st platinum coin (Koala)
  • 1988 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1989 1st complete ring around Neptune discovered

Birthdays in History

  • 1601 Georges de Scudéry, French writer and dramatist (L'Amour tyrannique), born in Le Havre, France (d. 1667)
  • 1624 Jean Renaud de Segrais, French writer and poet, born in Caen, France (d. 1701)
  • 1647 Denis Papin, French physicist (Papiniaanse pot, steam machine), born in Blois, France (d. 1712)
  • 1679 Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal, born in Grenoble, France (d. 1758)
  • 1760 Leo XII [Annibale Sermattei], Italian Pope (1823-29), born in Genga, Marche, Italy (d. 1829)
  • 1764 Charles Percier, French architect, born in Paris (d. 1838)
  • 1771 Henry Maudslay, English inventor of the metal lathe, born in Woolwich, London (d. 1831)
  • 1773 Aimé Bonpland, French explorer and botanist, born in La Rochelle, France (birth date disputed) (d. 1858)
  • 1779 James Kirke Paulding, American author (The Dutchman's Fireside), born in Pleasant Valley, NY (d. 1860)
  • 1788 Thomas Tredgold, English railway engineer and carpenter, born in Brandon, Durham, England (d. 1829)
  • 1795 Abraham Capadose, Dutch physician and missionary, born in Amsterdam (d. 1874)
  • 1800 William S. Harney, U.S. general, born in Madison, Tennessee (d. 1889)
  • 1800 Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar, born in Trieste, Italy (d. 1865)
  • 1822 George Stoneman, US Union general-major and Governor of California (1883-87), born in Busti, NY (d. 1894)
  • 1822 Virginia Clemm Poe, American wife of writer Edgar Allan Poe, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1847)
  • 1827 Joseph Anthony Mower, American Major General (Union Army), born in Woodstock, Vermont (d. 1870)
  • 1827 Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman (E.B. Eddy Company) and politician, born in Vermont (d. 1906)
  • 1834 Nathaniel Harrison Harris, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Natchez, Mississippi (d. 1900)
  • 1834 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, born in Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • 1836 Archibald M Willard, American artist (Spirit of '76), born in Bedford, Ohio (d. 1918)
  • 1844 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer whose disastrous expedition provided evidence to support the theory of trans-Arctic oceanic drift, born in NYC, New York
  • 1845 William Lewis Douglas, 42nd Governor of Massachusetts, born in Plymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1924)
  • 1846 Amalie Skram, Norwegian author (Hellemyrsfolket), born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1905)
  • 1848 Melville E. Stone, American newspaper publisher (Founder of Chicago Daily News), born in Hudson, Illinois (d. 1929)
  • 1852 Alfredo Oriani, Italian writer (Political Struggle in Italy), born in Faenza, Italy (d. 1909)
  • 1854 Milan I, King of Serbia, born in Mărășești, Romania (d. 1901)
  • 1860 Paul G. Nipkow, German TV pioneer (Nipkow Award), born in Lebork, Poland (d. 1940)
  • 1860 Eleonore of Reuss-Köstritz, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria, born in Trzebiechów, Zielona Góra County, Poland (d. 1917)
  • 1865 Piet A W Hopmans, bishop of Breda (Eucharistic Crusade)
  • 1867 Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist, born in Aarau, Switzerland (d. 1939)
  • 1867 Charles Francis Jenkins, American Inventor (altimeter, automobile self-starter, and early television pioneer), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1868 Willis Rodney Whitney, American Chemist, founder of the General Electric research laboratory, and pioneer of industrial scientific research, born in Jamestown, NY (d. 1958)
  • 1873 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, born in Sokółka, Poland (d. 1928)
  • 1874 Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1928)
  • 1880 George Herriman, American cartoonist (Krazy Kat), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1944)
  • 1880 Gorch Fock [Johann Wilhelm Kinau], German author and poet, born in Finkenwerder, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1888 Du Yuesheng, Chinese mob boss, born in Gaoqiao, Shanghai (d. 1951)
  • 1890 Floyd Henri Allport, American psychologist and sociologist, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1979)
  • 1891 Jacques Lipchitz, Polish-French-American painter and cubist sculptor, born in Druskininkai, Lithuania (d. 1973)

Person of interestDorothy Parker

1893 Dorothy Parker, American short story writer (1958 Marjorie Peabody Award), born in Long Branch, New Jersey (d. 1967)

Short Story Writer Dorothy Parker
Short Story Writer
Dorothy Parker
  • 1894 Ivan Isakov [Hovhannes Ter-Isahakyan], Russian-Armenian military commander (Commander in Chief of the Soviet Navy during World War II), born in Hadjikend, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1895 Paul Comtois, French Canadian politician, born in Pierreville, Quebec (d. 1966)
  • 1896 Laurence McKinley Gould, American Geologist and Polar Explorer who was chief scientist and second-in-command on the first expedition to the interior of Antarctica in 1929, born in Lacota, Michigan (d. 1995)
  • 1900 Sergei Ozhegov, Russian lexicographer (Russian Language Dictionary), born in Kuvshinovo, Tver Oblast, Russia (d. 1964)
  • 1902 Jack Roy Armstrong, English historian (History of Sussex), born in Broadstairs, Kent (d. 1993)
  • 1902 Thomas Pelly, American politician, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1973)
  • 1903 René Wellek, Czech-American writer (Concepts of Criticism), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1995)

Person of interestDeng Xiaoping

1904 Deng Xiaoping, Chinese revolutionary and paramount leader of China (1978-92), born in Guang'an, Sichuan (d. 1997)

Paramount Leader of China Deng Xiaoping
Paramount Leader of China
Deng Xiaoping
  • 1907 Colin Buchanan, British town planner (Traffic in Towns), born in Simla, India (d. 2001)
  • 1907 Cyril Astley Clarke, British physician and geneticist, born in Leicester, England (d. 2000)

Person of interestHenri Cartier-Bresson

1908 Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer famous for 'The Decisive Moment', born in Chanteloup-en-Brie, France (d. 2004)

Photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson
Henri Cartier-Bresson
  • 1909 Stojan Daskalov, Bulgarian writer (A Farm), born in Liljac, Vraca, Bulgaria (d. 1985)
  • 1911 Somerset de Chair, British writer, MP and poet, born in Somerset (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Edith Porada, Austrian art historian and archaeologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Richard Catling, British commissioner of police (Kenya), born in Leiston, Suffolk (d. 2005)
  • 1913 Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian nuclear physicist, born in Marina di Pisa, Italy (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Robert Martineau, British bishop of Blackburn (d. 1999)
  • 1915 David Dellinger, American social rights and peace movement leader, born in Wakefield, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • 1915 James Hillier, Canadian-American inventor (co-created the electron microscope), born in Brantford, Canada (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Mary McGrory, American journalist and columnist, born in Roslindale, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Alan Cathcart, 6th Earl Cathcart, British major-general (d. 1999)
  • 1919 Leo Pliatzky, British senior civil servant, born in Manchester (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Anthony Tuke, chairman of Barclays Bank (1973–81) (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Denton Cooley, American heart surgeon (1st artificial heart transplant), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2016)
  • 1920 Pierre A. Lauffer, Antillian poet (Patria), born in Curacao, Venezuela (d. 1981)
  • 1920 Ray Bradbury, American sci-fi author (Fahrenheit 451), born in Waukegan, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Wolfdietrich Schnurre, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1989)
  • 1921 James Menter, British physicist and principal (Queen Mary College), born in Teynham, Kent (d. 2006)
  • 1923 Gerald Long, English journalist and CEO of Reuters, born in York, England (d. 1998)
  • 1924 Peter Allsop, President of the Publishers Association (1975-77)
  • 1926 Marc Bohan, French fashion designer, born in Paris
  • 1928 Tinga Seisay, Sierra Leonean diplomat and pro-democracy advocate, born in Moyamba, Sierra Leone
  • 1929 Baroness Ewart-Biggs, British (Labour) spokesperson on Home Affairs, born in British India
  • 1929 Harry McPherson, presidential counsel (Lyndon Johnson) and lobbyist, born in Tyler, Texas (d. 2012)
  • 1932 Gerald P Carr, Col USMC/astronaut (Skylab 4), born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1932 Theoni Vachliotis Aldredge, Greek-American award-winning costume designer, born in Thessaloniki, Greece (d. 2011)
  • 1933 Irmtraud Morgner, German writer, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1990)

Person of interestNorman Schwarzkopf

1934 Norman Schwarzkopf, US Army General and commander of coalition forces in the Gulf War, born in Trenton, New Jersey (d. 2012)

US General Norman Schwarzkopf
US General
Norman Schwarzkopf
  • 1935 E. Annie Proulx, American author (Postcards), born in Norwich, Connecticut
  • 1936 Anne Downey, British circuit judge
  • 1937 Max Hebditch, British director (Museum of London), born in Yeovil, England
  • 1940 Antony Crosthwaite-Eyre, English publisher and multi-millionaire
  • 1940 John Banham, British director-general (CBI)
  • 1941 Hannspeter Winter, Austrian plasma physicist, born in Wels (d. 2006)
  • 1941 Michael Aldrich, British inventor (online shopping), born in Brocket Hall, England (d. 2014)
  • 1942 Uğur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (Cumhuriyet Murder), born in Kırşehir, Turkey (d. 1993)
  • 1943 Alun Michael, British Labour and Co-operative politician, born in Bryngwran, Anglesey
  • 1943 Masatoshi Shima, Japanese computer scientist, born in Shizuoka, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan
  • 1944 Henk Veldhoen, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Heinenoord, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • 1945 Derek Fatchett, British Labour politician, born in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1999)
  • 1945 Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician, born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1946 Felix Meurders, Dutch radio host, born in Maastricht, Netherlands
  • 1947 Bud Cramer, American politician (Rep-D-Alabama), born in Huntsville, Alabama
  • 1949 Þórarinn Eldjárn, Icelandic writer (The Blue Tower), born in Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 1949 Alfred Musema, Rwandan genocidaire, born in Byumba, Rwanda
  • 1950 I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Advisor to Vice President Dick Cheney and convicted felon, born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1951 Chandra Prakash Mainali, Nepalese politician, born in Chokpur, Taplejung District, Nepal
  • 1955 Will Shetterly, American writer (Dogland), born in Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1959 Pia Gjellerup, Danish Social Democrat politician, born in Frederiksberg, Denmark
  • 1962 Marie Laurie Mahabir, North American Bodybuilding Champ (1985-87), born in Le Moule, Guadeloupe

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1848 Soldier and later US President Ulysses S. Grant (26) marries Julia Dent

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant

LoveWedding of Interest

1900 Oil tycoon Edward L. Doheny (44) weds Carrie Estelle Betzold in New Mexico Territory

Oil Tycoon Edward L. Doheny
Oil Tycoon
Edward L. Doheny

LoveWedding of Interest

1925 Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson (28) weds teacher Maryon Elspeth Moody (23)

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson

LoveWedding of Interest

1931 FBI agent Melvin Purvis (27) weds childhood sweetheart Marie Rosanne Willcox at St. John's Episcopal Church in Florence, South Carolina

FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis

LoveWedding of Interest

1944 Writer Jack Kerouac (22) weds author Edie Kerouac Parker

Writer Jack Kerouac
Jack Kerouac
  • 1998 FOX News Channel correspondent and Robert F Kennedy's youngest son Douglas Kennedy (32) weds Molly Stark (29) in Nantucket, Massachusetts

LoveWedding of Interest

2014 California Attorney General Kamala Harris marries lawyer Douglas Emhoff in Santa Barbara

49th US Vice President and Senator Kamala Harris
49th US Vice President and Senator
Kamala Harris

Deaths in History


408 Flavius Stilicho, West Roman field leader (395-408), executed at 48

Roman General Stilicho
Roman General
  • 634 Abd Allah Abu Bekr, Arabic merchant/1st kalief of Islam, dies
  • 1155 Konoe, Emperor of Japan (b. 1139)
  • 1188 Ferdinand II, King of León and Galicia (1157-1188), dies at 51
  • 1241 Gregory IX [Ugolino di Segni], Italian Pope, dies
  • 1280 Nicholas III [Giovanni Gaetano Orsini], Italian Pope (1277-80), dies
  • 1286 Erik V Klipping, king of Denmark, murdered
  • 1304 John II, Count of Hainaut (b. 1247)
  • 1350 Philip VI, of Valois, King of France (1328-50), dies at about 57
  • 1358 Isabella, Queen of England (b. circa 1295)
  • 1367 Egidius AC Albornor, Spanish archbishop of Toledo, dies at about 57

Person of interestRichard III

1485 Richard III, King of England (1483-85), killed at the Battle of Bosworth Field at 32

King of England Richard III
King of England
Richard III
  • 1532 William Warham, English archbishop of Canterbury (1502-32), dies at 82
  • 1553 John Dudley, English Lord Admiral/premier (1551-53), beheaded
  • 1572 Thomas Percy, 7th Earl of Northumberland (b. 1528)
  • 1584 Jan Kochanowski, Polish writer (b. 1530)
  • 1607 Bartholomew Gosnold, English explorer and privateer (b. 1572)
  • 1609 Maharal of Prague, Jewish mystic and philosopher (b. 1525)
  • 1652 Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (1st Governor-General of Swedish Livonia), dies at 69
  • 1680 Johann Georg II, Elector of Saxony (1656-80), dies at 67
  • 1701 John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath, English royalist statesman, dies at 72
  • 1711 Louis François, duc de Boufflers, French marshal (b. 1644)
  • 1752 William Whiston, English Anglican priest and mathematician, dies at 84
  • 1755 Caspar Burman, Dutch historian and Mayor of Utrecht, dies at 59
  • 1773 George Lyttelton, English writer and politician (b. 1709)
  • 1793 Louis de Noailles, Marshal of France, dies at 80
  • 1797 Dagobert Sigmund von Wurmser, Austrian general, dies at 73
  • 1801 Pieter G van Overstraten, gov-gen of Neth-Indies, dies at 46
  • 1806 Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter (The Swing), dies at 74
  • 1807 Maria, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, dies at 71
  • 1818 Warren Hastings, 1st governor-general of India (1773-84), dies at 85
  • 1828 Franz Joseph Gall, German-French physician (phrenology), dies at 70
  • 1850 Nikolaus Lenau, Hungarian-German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser), dies at 48
  • 1861 Xianfeng, Emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, dies at 30
  • 1862 Henry Bohlen, German/US brigadier general (Union), dies in battle at 51
  • 1866 George Shillibeer, pioneer of London's 1st bus service, dies
  • 1874 Sydney Thompson Dobell, English poet, dies at 50
  • 1878 Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (1829-33), dies at 72
  • 1886 Jose da Silva Mendes Leal, Portuguese author (Indiana), dies at 67
  • 1889 John Sanger, British circus entrepreneur, dies (b. 1816)
  • 1890 Vasile Alecsandri, Romanian foreign minister, diplomat and poet, dies at 69
  • 1891 Jan Neruda, Czech author (b. 1834)

Person of interestRobert Gascoyne-Cecil

1903 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1885-86, 1886-92 and 1895-1902), dies at 73

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1904 Kate O'Flaherty Chopin, American writer, dies at 54
  • 1914 Léon Amédée François Raffenel, French general (3rd Colonial Div, WWI), dies during Battle of Rossignol at 58
  • 1914 Rondony, French general (3rd Colonial Div, WWI), dies during Battle of Rossignol at 58
  • 1914 Giacomo Radini-Tedeschi Italian religious figure
  • 1918 Korbinian Brodmann, German neurologist (b. 1868)
  • 1920 Anders Zorn, Swedish painter (Gustavus Vasa), dies at 60

Person of interestMichael Collins

1922 Michael Collins, Irish nationalist leader, killed in ambush by anti-treaty forces during the Irish Civil War at 31

Revolutionary, soldier, and politician Michael Collins
Revolutionary, soldier, and politician
Michael Collins
  • 1926 Charles William Eliot, American University president (Harvard, 1869-1909), dies at 92
  • 1929 Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WWI), dies at 74
  • 1933 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses), dies at 62
  • 1936 Juliette Adam, French author (Salon/Nouvelle Revue) and feminist, dies at 99
  • 1937 David C Salas, Antillian writer (Josephina), dies
  • 1940 Oliver Joseph Lodge, English physicist, early radio pioneer, dies at 89
  • 1945 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode and the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society, dies at 87
  • 1950 Kirk Bryan, American geologist (b. 1888)
  • 1952 Hiranuma Kiichirō, 24th Prime Minister of Japan, dies at 84
  • 1958 Roger Martin du Gard, French novelist (Nobel Prize for Literature 1937), dies at 77
  • 1963 William Richard Morris, 1st viscount Nuffield motor manufacturer, dies
  • 1965 Ellen Church, American 1st female airline stewardess (United flight in 1930 from San Francisco to Cheyenne), dies in a horse riding accident at 60
  • 1967 Gregory Goodwin Pincus, American endocrinologist (b. 1903)
  • 1970 Vladimir Propp, Russian structuralist scholar (b. 1895)
  • 1976 Juscelino Kubitschek, President of Brazil (1955-60), dies at 73
  • 1976 Oskar Brusewitz, East German vicar, sets himself on fire in protest of repression of religion at 47
  • 1978 Ignazio Silone, Italian novelist (Fontamara, Pane e vino), dies at 78

Person of interestJomo Kenyatta

1978 Jomo Kenyatta, 1st Prime Minister of Kenya (1963-78), dies at 83

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • 1979 Henry Beernink, politician, dies at 69
  • 1979 James T. Farrell, American writer (French Girls are Vicious), dies
  • 1980 James Smith McDonnell, American aircraft manufacturer, dies of a stroke at 81
  • 1980 Alfred Neubauer, German racing team manager (Mercedes Benz), dies at 89
  • 1985 Paul Peter Ewald, German Crystallographer and Physicist who devised the theory of X-ray interference by crystals and pioneered X-ray diffraction methods, dies at 97
  • 1985 Willy-August Linnemann, Danish writer and journalist, dies at 71
  • 1989 Huey P. Newton, African-American activist, revolutionary and co-founder of the Black Panther Party, shot and murdered by Tyrone Robinson in the streets of Lower Bottoms, Oakland, California at 47
  • 1989 Robert Grondelaers, Belgian cyclist (b. 1933)
  • 1989 Diana Vreeland, French-American fashion editor (Harper's Bazaar, Vogue), dies at 85
  • 1991 Boris Pugo, USSR minister of Interior (1990), commits suicide
  • 1993 Kasdi Merbah, Prime Minister of Algeria (1988-89), assassinated
  • 1994 Leo Lerman, American writer and editor (Condé Nast Publications), dies at 80
  • 1994 Tom Quirke, journalist, dies at 42
  • 1995 Jose Antonio Giron, Spanish politician, dies at 83
  • 1996 David Donaldson, Painter and Limner to Her Majesty the Queen in Scotland, dies at 80
  • 1996 Robin Lorimer, Scottish publisher (New Testament from Greek into Scots), dies at 77
  • 1996 William James Millar Mackenzie, Scottish political scientist, dies at 87
  • 1997 Mary Louise Smith, American political organizer, 1st female chair of the Republican party, dies at 82
  • 2003 Arnold Gerschwiler, Swiss figure skating trainer (b. 1914)
  • 2003 Generosa Ammon, American widow of Ted Ammon (b. 1956)
  • 2008 Gladys Powers, Canadian World War I veteran (b. 1899)
  • 2009 Elmer Kelton, American Western novelist (b. 1926)
  • 2009 Beryl Sprinkel, American economist (Council of Economic Advisers), dies at 85
  • 2011 Jack Layton, Canadian politician, dies at 61
  • 2012 Nina Bawden, English author, dies at 87
  • 2015 Charles Tomlinson, British poet and translator, dies at 88
  • 2016 S. R. [Sellapan Ramanathan] Nathan, 6th President of Singapore (1999-2011), dies at 92