On This Day in History for August 23

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 154

  • 79 Mount Vesuvius begins stirring, on feast day of Vulcan, Roman god of fire (goes on to destroy Pompeii)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

406 Battle at Florence: Stilicho's Roman army beats Radagaisus' Barbarians

Roman General Stilicho
Roman General
Stilicho
  • 476 Odoacer proclaimed King of Italy by his troops, 1st barbarian King of Italy
  • 1046 King Henry III gives money to Utrecht Deventer diocese

BattleExecution

1305 William Wallace, Scottish patriot, is executed for high treason by Edward I of England.

Scottish nobleman William Wallace
Scottish nobleman
William Wallace
  • 1328 Battle at Kassel: French troops stop uprising of Flemish farmers
  • 1328 King Philip VI of France, crowned
  • 1441 Holland & Hanzesteden sign cease fire treaty
  • 1514 Battle of Chaldiran ended with a decisive victory for the Sultan Selim I, Ottoman Empire, over the Shah Ismail I, Safavids founder.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1541 French explorer Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec City in his third voyage to Canada

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • 1542 Rabbi Joseph Caro completes his commentary of Tur Code
  • 1553 Bishop Stephen Gardiner appointed English Lord Chancellor
  • 1555 Calvinists are granted rights in the Netherlands.
  • 1566 Beeldenstorm reaches Amsterdam
  • 1566 Land guardian Margaretha van Parma grants Calvinists rights
  • 1582 French van Valois pays tribute to earl of Flanders
  • 1595 Michael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Calugareni.
  • 1614 University of Groningen opens
  • 1617 1st one-way streets open (London)
  • 1708 Meidingnu Pamheiba is crowned King of Manipur.
  • 1711 Admiral Hovenden Walkers fleet reach St Lawrence
  • 1784 Eastern Tennessee settlers declare their area an independent state & name it Franklin; a year later the Continental Congress rejects it
  • 1796 African Methodist Episcopal Church incorporated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799 Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1813 Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French
  • 1838 Mt Holyoke Female Seminary (South Hadley, Mass) 1st graduating class
  • 1839 British capture Hong Kong from China
  • 1850 1st US National Women's Rights Convention convenes in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1862 Skirmish at Big Hill, Kentucky (2 Federal regiments)
  • 1864 Union troops/fleet occupy Fort Morgan, Alabama
  • 1866 Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
  • 1869 1st carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in San Francisco, from Boston
  • 1872 1st Japanese commercial ship visits San Francisco, carrying tea
  • 1873 Albert Bridge crossing the river Thames in London opens
  • 1879 Governor-general Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo
  • 1889 1st ship-to-shore wireless message received in US (SF)
  • 1896 First Cry of the Philippine Revolution is made in Pugad Lawin (Quezon City), in the province of Manila.
  • 1900 National Negro Business League organizes (Boston)
  • 1903 6th Zionist Congres, Theodor Herzl declares Jewish state
  • 1904 Automobile tire chain patented
  • 1906 Cuba's 1st president Tomés Estrada Palma asks for US intervention
  • 1910 Fred Clarke makes a record 4 outfield assists for Pittsburgh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith holds secret meeting about British strategy in case of war with Germany

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • 1914 -24] German troops plunder Belgium
  • 1914 Battle of Mons: General Alexander von Kluck's troops forced a British withdrawal.
  • 1914 Gen von Hausen executes 612 inhabitants of Dinant, Belgium
  • 1914 Japan declares war on Germany in World War I
  • 1915 Tsar Nicolaas II takes control of Russian Army
  • 1916 Military court of Berlin sentences socialist Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
  • 1917 Race riot in Houston Texas (2 blacks & 11 whites killed)
  • 1920 Mary Roberts Rinehart & Avery Roberts play "The Bat" based on Reinhart's novel "The Circular Staircase"premieres on Broadway in New York

  • 1921 British declare a truce with Irish Nationalists Sinn Fein
  • 1921 Austria and the US formally end war; the US does the same with Germany on the 25th, and Hungary on the 29th
  • 1923 Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
  • 1924 Mars' closest approach to Earth since 10th century
  • 1929 Arabs attack Jews in Israel
  • 1930 1st British Empire Games close in Hamilton, Canada
  • 1931 Count Gyula Károlyi becomes premier of Hungary
  • 1931 Philadelphia A's Lefty Grove, loses 1-0 (Browns) after winning 16 straight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Mahatma Gandhi released from Indian jail following another hunger strike

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1936 17 year old Bob Feller's 1st game, he strikes out 15 St Louis Browns
  • 1938 England score 7-903 declared v Australia, Len Hutton scores 364
  • 1939 John Cobb (Britain) drives 365.85 MPH (593.48 KPH) at Bonneville Flats

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop pact: USSR & Germany sign a non-agression pact

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • 1940 German Luftwaffe begins night bombing on London
  • 1940 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands dismisses premier De Geer
  • 1942 1st US flights to land on Guadalcanal
  • 1942 Battle of Stalingrad: 600 Luftwaffe planes bomb Stalingrad (40,000 die)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 British Premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1942 World War II: last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia; the Italian Savoia Cavalleria charges Soviet infantry
  • 1943 Red army recaptures Charkow
  • 1944 94.5°F (34.7°C) in De Bilt Netherlands & 101.5°F (38.6°C) in Warnsvelt
  • 1944 Allied troops capture Marseille, France
  • 1944 General George Leclerc's troops advance towards Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 General Montgomery consults with Generals Bradley and Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 Romanian Royal coup: King Michael orders forces to cease fire against Allies and dismisses pro-Axis premier, Marshal Ion Antonescu
  • 1944 Sammellager Drancy freed
  • 1944 US 20th Army corp enter Fontainebleau/Melun de Seine
  • 1944 US B-24 crashes into school in Freckelton England, 76 killed
  • 1946 Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein.
  • 1947 US President Truman's daughter, Margaret's 1st public singing concert
  • 1948 Earl Bernadotte asks aid for fugitives to Palestine
  • 1948 World Council of Churches formed by 147 churches from 44 countries
  • 1950 West Germany & Japan readmitted to Intl Amateur Athletic Federation
  • 1952 Arab League security pact goes into effect
  • 1952 Giants Bob Elliott is ejected for arguing a strike, Bobby Hoffman completes his bat, he strikes out & is also ejected for arguing
  • 1953 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Ymuiden in North Sea, 21 die
  • 1953 USSR performs nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 President Getulio Vargas of Brazil resigns temporarily

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1954 First flight of the C-130 Hercules transport aircraft.
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 People's Republic of China resumes fire on Quemoi and Matsoe islands in the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis
  • 1958 Marie Ashton completes playing piano a female record 133 hours
  • 1958 Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy.
  • 1960 World's largest frog (3.3 kg) caught (Equatorial Guinea)
  • 1961 Belgium sends troops to Rwanda-Urundi
  • 1961 East Germany imposed new curbs on travel between West & East Berlin
  • 1961 US lunar probe Ranger 1 reaches 190 km from Earth, falls back
  • 1963 Ringo admits he wrote a song "Don't Pass Me By"
  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Birthdays in History

  • 686 Charles Martel, grandfather of Charlemagne, born in Herstal, Belgium (d. 741)
  • 1486 Siegmund Freiherr von Herberstein, Austrian diplomat, born in Vipava, Slovenia
  • 1524 Francois Hotman/Hotomanus, French lawyer and diplomat (Anti-Tribonien), born in Paris (d. 1590)
  • 1593 Fulvio Testi, Italian poet (Pianto d'Italia), born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1646)
  • 1623 Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer, born in Raków, Kielce County, Poland (d. 1675)
  • 1724 Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman, born in Albany, New York (d. 1796)
  • 1740 Ivan VI, Emperor of Russia (1740-41), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • 1741 Jean-François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse, French explorer, born in Albi, France (d. 1788)
  • 1751 Louis-Francois Beffara, French lexicographer, born in Nonancourt, France (d. 1838)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1754 Louis XVI, King of France (1774-93) eventually guillotined, born in Versailles, Yvelines, France (d. 1793)

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1769 Georges Cuvier [Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric Cuvier], French naturalist and zoologist, born in Montbéliard, France (d. 1832)

Naturalist and Zoologist Georges Cuvier
Naturalist and Zoologist
Georges Cuvier
  • 1773 Jakob F. Fries, German philosopher, born in Barby, Germany (d. 1843)
  • 1783 William Tierney Clark, English civil engineer, born in Bristol, England (d. 1852)
  • 1805 Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman, born in Lichtental, Vienna, Austria (d. 1893)
  • 1814 James Roosevelt Bayley, first Bishop of Newark, New Jersey, and the eighth Archbishop of Baltimore, born in NYC, New York (d. 1877)
  • 1818 Rufus Ingalls, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Denmark, Maine (d. 1893)
  • 1829 Moritz B Cantor, German historian of mathematics, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1832 Alexander Chambers, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Cattaraugus, New York (d. 1888)
  • 1836 Marie Henriette of Austria, Queen of the Belgians, born in Buda Castle, Budapest, Hungary (d. 1902)
  • 1843 William Southam, Canadian newspaper publisher, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1932)
  • 1846 Alexander Milne Calder, Scottish-American sculptor, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1923)
  • 1847 Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer, born in Wyoming, New York (d. 1927)
  • 1849 William Ernest Henley, British poet, critic, and editor, born in Gloucester, England (d. 1903)
  • 1852 Arnold Toynbee, English economic historian and social reformer, born in London (d. 1883)
  • 1852 Clímaco Calderón, President of Colombia for one day in 1882, born in Santa Rosa de Viterbo, Colombia (d. 1913)
  • 1864 Eleftherios K. Venizalos, Premier of Greece (1910-15, 28-32), born in Mournies, Greece (d. 1936)
  • 1867 Marcel Schwob, French writer and journalist (Le Croisade des Enfants), born in Chaville, France (d. 1905)
  • 1869 Edgar Lee Masters, American poet and novelist (Spoon River Anthology), born in Garnett, Kansas
  • 1869 James (Sunny Jim) Rolph, San Francisco mayor (1912-31), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1934)
  • 1875 William Eccles, English physicist and radio pioneer, born in Barrow-in-Furness, England (d. 1966)
  • 1875 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, born in Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1946)
  • 1880 Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (Jessie and Morgiana), born in Vyatka, Kirov Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • 1881 Louis Schelfhout, Dutch painter and graphic artist, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • 1883 Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, American army officer, born in Fort Walla Walla, Washington (d. 1953)
  • 1884 Ogden L. Mills, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury (1927-1932), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1937)
  • 1885 Henry Thomas Tizard, English chemist and inventor, born in Gillingham, Kent, England (d. 1959)
  • 1889 Alfred Lichtenstein, German writer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1894 James La Guma, South African political activist and trade unionist, born in Cape Town (d. 1961)
  • 1901 Cecil Rolph Hewitt, English journalist and policeman, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1901 John Sherman Cooper, American politician and U.S. Ambassador to East Germany, born in Somerset, Kentucky (d. 1991)
  • 1903 Mauritius van Haegendoren, Flemish historian and senator
  • 1903 William Primrose, violist (Method for Violin & Viola), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1908 Arthur Adamov, Russian-French playwright (Paolo Paoli), born in Kislovodsk, Terek Oblast, Russia (d. 1970)
  • 1908 Cornelis van Dis sr., Dutch chemist and politician
  • 1908 Hannah Frank, Scottish artist and sculptor, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2008)
  • 1911 Albert Alberts, Dutch writer and journalist (French battle), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Jara Ribnikar, Serbian writer, born in Königgrätz, Bohemia (d. 2007)
  • 1912 Lord Kissin, president (GPG)
  • 1913 Stanley Kitchen, British chartered accountant
  • 1919 Robert Crichton-Brown, CEO (Rothmans International)
  • 1921 Kenneth Arrow, American economist, (Nobel Prize 1972), born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1922 Brian Young, Chairman (Christian Aid)
  • 1922 Jack Boddy, British trade union leader
  • 1923 Edgar F. Codd, English computer scientist (d. 2003)
  • 1924 Denis Sargan, econometrician
  • 1924 Ephraim Kishon, writer
  • 1924 Siti Hartinah Suharto, wife of President Suharto of Indonesia
  • 1926 Clifford Geertz, American anthropologist, (d. 2006)
  • 1927 Dick Bruna, Dutch illustrator (Miffy books), born in Utrecht (d. 2017)
  • 1927 Houari Boumedienne, president of Algeria (1965-78)
  • 1927 John Hoskyns, director-general (Institute of Directors)
  • 1930 Andy Ireland, (Rep-R-FL, 1977- )
  • 1930 John Fairclough, British scientific adviser
  • 1930 Michel Rocard, French politician, Prime Minister of France (1988-91), born in Courbevoie, Paris (d. 2016)
  • 1931 Richard Vincent, British chief of Defense
  • 1932 Houari Boumedienne, President of Algeria (d. 1978)
  • 1933 Manfred Donike, chemist drug test pioneer
  • 1933 Pete Wilson, (Sen-R-CA, 1983-88/Gov-R-Ca 1991- )
  • 1933 Robert Curl, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1935 Brendan Jackson, British air marshal
  • 1936 Henry Lee Lucas, American serial killer (d. 2001)
  • 1939 Charles Wardle, MP/under sect of state British home office
  • 1939 Ronald [Ronny] A Casseres, minister of Dutch Antilles
  • 1942 Patricia McBride, Teaneck, NJ, ballerina (NYC Ballet Co)
  • 1943 Dale Campbell-Savours, MP (Labour)
  • 1943 Peter Lilley, MP/sect of state for British social security
  • 1943 Nelson DeMille, American novelist
  • 1944 Antonia Novello, 14th US Surgeon General (1990-92) 1dt woman and Hispanic holder, born in Farjardo, Puerto Rico
  • 1948 Andrei Pleşu, Romanian writer, essayist
  • 1948 Daniel Ruettiger "Rudy", University of Notre Dame football legend
  • 1949 Norah Ellen O'Neill, airline pilot (Flying Tigers)
  • 1949 Rick Springfield, Australia, (General Hospital, Jessie's Girl)
  • 1951 Queen Noor of Jordan [Lisa Najeeb Halaby], American born wife of King Hussein, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1951 Akhmad Kadyrov, President of Chechnya (d. 2004)
  • 1953 Klaus-Dietrich Flade, German FR, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-14)
  • 1956 David A Wolf, MD/astronaut (STS 58, sk: 89/91), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1956 Andreas Floer, German mathematician (d. 1991)
  • 1956 Valgerd Svarstad Haugland, Norwegian politician
  • 1960 Helen Rees, director (Design Museum)
  • 1960 Rodney Alan Greenblat, American graphic artist
  • 1962 Martin Cauchon, Canadian politician
  • 1964 Kong Hee, Singaporean, Founder and Senior Pastor of the City Harvest movement in Asia
  • 1967 Nancy Cox, American news anchor, Miss Kentucky (1991), born in Campbellsville, Kentucky
  • 1969 Keith Tyson, English artist
  • 1970 Lawrence Frank, American head coach
  • 1977 Jared Fogle, American spokesperson known as the Subway Guy, born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1981 Ozzy Lusth, American Survivor contestant

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1876 Sharp Shooter Annie Oakley weds traveling show marksman Frank E. Butler

Sharp Shooter Annie Oakley
Sharp Shooter
Annie Oakley

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1970 US Solicitor General Ken Starr weds Alice Mendell

Lawyer Who Investigated Bill Clinton Ken Starr
Lawyer Who Investigated Bill Clinton
Ken Starr

Deaths in History

  • 93 Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and Governor of Britain, conquered Wales and Northern England, dies at 53
  • 634 Aboe Bekr Abd Allah, [al-Siddik], friend/successor of Mohammed and Caliph, dies
  • 1106 Magnus, Duke of Saxony
  • 1176 Emperor Rokujo of Japan (b. 1164)

BattleExecution

1305 William Wallace, Scottish patriot, hanged, disemboweled & beheaded at Smithfield London

Scottish nobleman William Wallace
Scottish nobleman
William Wallace
  • 1328 Nicolaas Zannekin, leader of rebel Flemish farmers, dies in battle
  • 1387 King Olav IV of Norway (b. 1370)
  • 1507 Jean Molinet, Burgundy historian (Chroniques), dies at about 72
  • 1519 Philibert Berthelier, Swiss patriot
  • 1540 Guillaume Budé, French scholar
  • 1591 Luis de Leon, scholar/poet, dies
  • 1618 Gerbrant A Bredero, poet/playwright (Moortje), dies at 33
  • 1628 George Viliers, 1st duke of Buckingham, assassinated by Felton at 36
  • 1652 John Byron, 1st Baron Byron, English royalist politician (b. 1600)
  • 1668 Artus Quellinus, Flemish sculptor (Amsterdam townhall), dies
  • 1706 Colonel Edward Nott, Esq., British Crown Governor of Virginia (b. 1654)
  • 1723 Increase Mather, New England Puritan minister (b. 1639)
  • 1806 Charles Augustin de Coulomb, Fren physicist (coulometrie), dies at 70
  • 1813 Alexander Wilson, Scottish-born ornithologist (b. 1766)
  • 1819 Oliver Hazard Perry, American naval hero (Battle of Lake Erie),, dies on 34th birthday
  • 1831 August WA Grave von Gneisenau, Prussian fieldmarshal, dies at 70
  • 1853 Alexander Calder, first mayor of Beaumont, Texas (b. 1806)
  • 1867 Auguste-Marseille Barthélemy, French poet (b. 1796)
  • 1892 Deodoro da Fonseca, 1st President of Brazil (b. 1827)
  • 1903 Paul J C Gabriel, Dutch water colors painter/etcher, dies at 75
  • 1914 Felix Fivet, Belgian baby, executed by German troops at 3 weeks
  • 1914 George Ambrose Pogson, British consul in Hamburg (1880-1914), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Rudolph Valentino, silent movie idol (Sheik), dies in NY at 31

Silent Film Star Rudolph Valentino
Silent Film Star
Rudolph Valentino
  • 1927 Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti, executed in Mass
  • 1929 Charles Van de Woestijne, Flemish writer/poet (God on Sea), dies
  • 1933 Adolph Loos, Austrian architect, dies at 62
  • 1939 Sidney Coe Howard, American playwright (Silver Cord, Pulitzer 1925), dies at 48
  • 1958 Martin du Gard, writer, dies
  • 1960 Oscar Hammerstein II, Broadway librettist, dies at 65
  • 1962 Walter Anderson, German folklorist (b. 1885)
  • 1965 John Bata, Czech shoe manufacturer, dies at 67
  • 1971 The original Shamu, Sea World orca
  • 1974 Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist (b. 1888)
  • 1982 Alberto Cavalcanti, Brazilian director (Herr Puntila), dies at 85
  • 1982 Stanford Moore, US biochemist (Nobel 1977), dies
  • 1989 R. D. Laing, Scottish psychiatrist (anti-psychiatry), dies of a heart attack at 61
  • 1989 Yusef Hawkins, shot by 30 whites in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn NY in a racially motivated attack
  • 1989 Mohammed Abed Elhai, Sudanese writer and academic (b. 1944)
  • 1991 Florence B Seibert, bio-chemist (TB), dies at 93
  • 1992 Virginia Sale-Wren, entertainer, dies of heart failure at 92
  • 1993 Victorine Hefting, historian/wife of Bert Baker, dies at 88
  • 1994 Henri Rousselot, admiral, dies at 82
  • 1994 Paolo Volponi, Italian communist/author (Machina Mondiale), dies at 70
  • 1994 Rabah Stambouli, Algerian sociologist/politician, murdered at 65
  • 1994 Richard Jock Kinneir, graphic designer, dies at 77
  • 1995 Alfred Eisenstaedt, photojournalist, dies at 96
  • 1995 Arthur Holt, politician, dies at 81
  • 1995 Hedda J Garza, writer/political activist, dies at 66
  • 1995 James Pilditch, designer, dies at 66
  • 1995 Gordon White, British business tycoon and co-founder of corporate raider Hanson Group, dies at 72
  • 1997 Eric Gairy, first PM of Grenada (1974-79), dies at 75
  • 1999 James White, Northern Irish writer (b. 1928)
  • 2000 John Anthony Kaiser, Roman Catholic priest (b. 1932)
  • 2001 Peter Maas, American novelist (b. 1929)
  • 2003 Jack Dyer, Australian rules footballer (b. 1913)
  • 2003 John Geoghan, American Catholic priest (b. 1935)
  • 2005 Ninjalicious, Canadian author and urban explorer (b. 1973)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2006 Ed Warren, American paranormal investigator, dies at 79

Paranormal Investigator Ed Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Ed Warren
  • 2008 John Russell, British-born American art critic and author
  • 2012 Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer, dies from prostate cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at 78
  • 2013 William Glasser, American psychiatrist, dies from respiratory failure from pneumonia at 88
  • 2016 Reinhard Selten, German economist, (Nobel Prize 1994), dies at 85
  • 2017 [Jacob] "Jack" Rosenthal, American journalist and government official, dies of pancreatic cancer at 82