On This Day

On This Day in History for August 24

Events in History

  • 49 BC Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River by the Numidians under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba of Numidia. Curio commits suicide to avoid capture.

The 17 Year-Old Witness to the Eruption of VesuviusThe 17 Year-Old Witness to the Eruption of Vesuvius

79 Mt Vesuvius erupts, buries Roman Pompeii and Herculaneum, 15,000 die
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Destruction of Pompeii and Herculaneum (c. 1821) by John Martin
Destruction of Pompeii and Herculaneum (c. 1821) by John Martin

Battle of InterestAlaric I Sacks Rome

410 Rome overrun by Visigoths under Alaric I for the first time in nearly 800 years, seen as the fall of the Western Roman Empire
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Visigoths led by Alaric I, sack Rome
Visigoths led by Alaric I, sack Rome

Historic PublicationMagna Carta

1215 Pope Innocent III declares the Magna Carta invalid
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The Magna Carta, written in iron gall ink on parchment in medieval Latin
The Magna Carta, written in iron gall ink on parchment in medieval Latin
  • 1217 Battle of South Foreland: English fleet beats France

Historic DiscoveryBlack Death

1349 6,000 Jews, blamed for the Plague, are killed in Mainz
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Medieval painting from 1353 showing the citizens of Tournai (today in Belgium) burying victims of the Black Death
Medieval painting from 1353 showing the citizens of Tournai (today in Belgium) burying victims of the Black Death
  • 1349 Jews of Cologne Germany set themselves on fire to avoid baptism
  • 1391 Jews of Palma, Mallorca, massacred
  • 1456 The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1511 Afonso de Albuquerque of Portugal conquers Malacca, the capital of the Sultanate of Malacca.

Admiral and Duke of Goa Afonso de Albuquerque
Admiral and Duke of Goa
Afonso de Albuquerque
  • 1516 Battle of Marj Dabiq: Ottoman forces decisively beat the Mamluk Sultanate
  • 1542 Conquistador Francisco de Orellana returns to Spain
  • 1558 Battle of Gravelines: English fleet beats Spanish
  • 1572 St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of Protestants by Roman Catholics begins in Paris and later spreads to the French provinces
  • 1608 1st English convoy lands at Surat, India
  • 1635 The Great Colonial Hurricane affected the Virginia Colony at Jamestown

  • 1662 Act of Uniformity requires English to accept Book of Common Prayer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 Duke James of York gives Delaware to William Penn

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1690 Job Charnock sets up East India Company HQ camp by Kalikata village (modern Calcutta)
  • 1704 Battle of Málaga: largest naval battle in the War of the Spanish Succession; Tactically indecisive but a Grand Alliance strategic victory
  • 1751 Thomas Colley executed in England for drowning a supposed witch
  • 1789 French Revolution: The National Assembly proclaims freedom of speech
  • 1814 British forces capture Washington, D.C. and destroy many landmarks (War of 1812)
  • 1816 The Treaty of St. Louis is signed by the USA and the united tribes of Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi in St. Louis, Missouri.
  • 1820 Constitutionalist insurrection at Oporto, Portugal; see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century.
  • 1826 Netherland's South Willems Port (Bosch-Liege) opens
  • 1828 Dutch army takes Fort Du Bus in New Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1831 John Henslow asks Charles Darwin to travel with him on the HMS Beagle

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1833 HMS Beagle reaches Bahia Blanca, Argentina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 Charlotte Brontë finishes manuscript of "Jane Eyre"

  • 1853 1st potato chips prepared by chef George Crum at Moon's Lake House, near Saratoga Springs, New York (popular legend says he invented though earlier recipes exist)
  • 1854 National emigration convention meets in Cleveland
  • 1857 The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in U.S. history.
  • 1858 Richmond "Daily Dispatch" reports 90 blacks arrested for learning
  • 1869 Cornelius Swarthout patents stove-top waffle iron
  • 1870 The Wolseley Expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion.

  • 1876 Riot abolishes fairs in Amsterdam, 2 killed

InventionHistoric Invention

1891 Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1893 Tornado destroys coast of Savannah & Charleston, about 1000 die
  • 1904 Battle of Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian, Japanese tactical victory
  • 1909 Workers start pouring concrete for Panama Canal
  • 1911 Manuel d'Arriaga elected first president of Portugal
  • 1912 District of Alaska becomes an organized incorporated territory of the United States
  • 1912 US passes Anti-gag law, federal employees right to petition government
  • 1914 Battle of Bergen: Germans defeat Belgian/British troops
  • 1914 German troops occupy Namur, Belgium
  • 1920 With British approval, Greece is encouraged to take offensive action against Turkish nationalists in Asia Minor
  • 1921 Battle of Sakaray Valley begins between Turkey & Greece
  • 1921 British airship R-38 crashes in River Humber, 44 die
  • 1929 Palestinians attack orthodox Jews in Jerusalem
  • 1929 Turkey & Persia sign friendship treaty
  • 1931 France & USSR sign neutrality/no attack treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 1st transcontinental non-stop flight by a woman, Amelia Earhart

  • 1936 Australian Antarctic Territory created

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 FDR gives the FBI the authority to pursue fascists and communists

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1937 Republican offensive near Belchite, Spain
  • 1937 In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • 1938 England beat Australia by an innings & 579 runs at The Oval
  • 1938 Virgil Trucks strikes out his 418th batter, highest season total in organized ball-for Andalusia in an Alabama-Florida League game
  • 1939 Germany & USSR sign 10-year non-aggression pact
  • 1940 Luftwaffe bombs London
  • 1942 Sea battle off Eastern Solomon Islands between United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy
  • 1942 Transport #23 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 Philadelphia A's drop AL record tying 20th game in a row, win the 2nd game
  • 1944 General LeClerc's troops open assault on Paris
  • 1945 Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12
  • 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) goes into effect
  • 1950 Edith Sampson named 1st African American US delegate to UN
  • 1951 Bill Veeck's "Fans Managers' Night", Browns defeat A's 5-3; Browns coaches hold up placards for fans to vote on

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 US President Eisenhower signs Communist Control Act, outlawing the Communist Party, at height of McCarthyism

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 International Amateur Athletic Federation recognizes Red China
  • 1954 William Heatherton's "Reluctant Debutante" premieres in London
  • 1956 1st non-stop transcontinental helicopter flight arrived Washington, D.C.
  • 1959 England complete 5-0 series drubbing of India
  • 1959 Hiram L Fong sworn in as 1st Chinese-American senator while Daniel K Inouye sworn in as 1st Japanese-American Rep (Both from Hawaii)
  • 1960 -127°F (-88°C), Vostok, Antarctica (world record)
  • 1960 60 people die when a bus plunges off bridge into Turvo River, Brazil
  • 1961 Windward Islands' Airways International (Winair) forms
  • 1961 Former South African nazi leader Johannes Vorster becomes South Africa's minister of justice
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 1st 200 metre freestyle swum under 2 minutes (Don Schollander 1:58)
  • 1966 USSR launches Luna 11 for orbit around Moon
  • 1967 Liberian flag designed
  • 1968 France becomes the world's fifth thermonuclear power with a detonation on Mururoa Atoll in the South Pacific
  • 1968 Northern Ireland's first civil rights march held; many more marches would be held over the following year and Loyalists organized counter-demonstrations to get the marches banned
  • 1969 Peru nationalizes US oil interests
  • 1970 Bomb kills 1 at U of Wisconsin's Army Math Research Center in Madison
  • 1971 India beat England by 4 wickets, their win against the Poms
  • 1972 Dennis Amiss scores 1st one-day int century, 103 v Australia
  • 1973 John Adams & his bass drum become a right-field fixture in Cleveland Stadium
  • 1975 Davey Lopes steals his 38th consecutive base, then thrown out stealing
  • 1975 Papadopoulos, Pattakos and Makarezos sentenced to death in Athens
  • 1975 Tampa Bay Rowdies beat Portland 2-0 for NASL cup
  • 1976 Soyuz 21 returns to Earth
  • 1978 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1979 Cars play concert in NY Central Park
  • 1979 UN's Vienna office begins issuing postage stamps
  • 1980 Jozef Pinkovski replaces Poland premier Babiuch
  • 1981 American Charles Chapman is 1st black to swim English Channel
  • 1985 STS 51-I mission scrubbed at T -5m because of bad weather

Birthdays in History

  • 1113 Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, conquered Normandy, born in Le Mans, France (d. 1151)
  • 1198 King Alexander II of Scotland, born in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1249)
  • 1210 Floris IV, Count of Holland, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1234)
  • 1358 King John I of Castile (1379-90), born in Épila, Spain (d. 1390)
  • 1393 Arthur III, Duke of Brittany, born in Château de Suscinio, Sarzeau, France (d. 1458)
  • 1420 Albrecht van Eyb, German humanist (Bamberg & Eichstattt), born in Ansbach, Germany (d. 1475)
  • 1552 Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1614)
  • 1561 Bartholomeus Pitiscus, German mathematician (Trigonometry), born in Zielona Góra, Poland (d. 1613)
  • 1580 John Taylor, English poet (An Arrant Thief), born in Gloucester, England (d. 1654)
  • 1591 Robert Herrick, English poet ('Gather ye rosebuds while ye may'), baptized in London (d. 1674)
  • 1635 Peder Griffenfeld, Danish statesman, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1699)
  • 1694 Theodor A Freiherr von Neuhoff, German adventurer and King of Corsica [or 8/25], born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1756)
  • 1707 Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon, English evangelical revivalist, born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire (d. 1791)
  • 1712 Cornelis Douwes, Dutch mathematician and astronomer, born in Terschelling, Netherlands (d. 1773)
  • 1750 Letizia Ramolino, Italian noble and mother of Napoleon Bonaparte, born in Ajaccio, France (d. 1836)
  • 1758 Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Queen of Denmark and Norway, born in Schwerin, Germany (d. 1794)

Person of interestWilliam Wilberforce

1759 William Wilberforce, British politician, philanthropist and leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade, born in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1833)

Abolitionist William Wilberforce
Abolitionist
William Wilberforce
  • 1772 William I Frederick, King of the Netherlands (1815-40) and Grand Duke of Luxembourg, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1843)
  • 1787 James Weddell, British sailor and Antarctic explorer (Weddell Sea), born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1834)
  • 1808 Thomas Fenwick Drayton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1891)
  • 1816 Daniel Gooch, English engineer, laid 1st successful transatlantic cables, born in Bedlington, Northumberland, England (d. 1889)
  • 1817 Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Prince Serebrenni), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1875)
  • 1827 Walter Husted Stevens, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Penn Yan, New York (d. 1867)
  • 1828 George Hume "Maryland" Steuart, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1903)
  • 1842 Edouard J. A. Agneessens, Flemish painter (Slave Market), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1885)
  • 1845 James C. Calhoun, American soldier, brother-in-law of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • 1863 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer, born in Požega, Croatia (d. 1918)
  • 1865 Ferdinand I VAM, King of Romania (1914-27), born in Sigmaringen, German Confederation (d. 1927)
  • 1872 Max Beerbohm, English caricaturist, writer and parodist (Saturday Review), born in London (d. 1956)
  • 1880 Miles Lampson, 1st Baron Killearn, Scottish baron and diplomat (d. 1964)
  • 1886 William Francis Gibbs, American naval architect, designed Liberty ships, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)
  • 1889 Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congolese religious leader and founder of Kimbanguism, born in Nkamba, Congo (d. 1951)
  • 1890 Jean Rhys [Ella Gwendolyn Rees Williams], British writer (Voyage in the Dark), born in Roseau, Dominica (d. 1979)
  • 1895 Richard Cardinal Cushing, Archbishop of Boston (1944-70), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1970)
  • 1898 Albert Claude, Belgian biologist and physician (Nobel 1974), born in Longlier, Belgium (d. 1983)
  • 1898 Malcolm Cowley, American author (Flowering of New England), born in Belsano, Pennsylvania (d. 1989)
  • 1899 Johan Fabricius, Dutch novelist (Island of Demons), born in Bandung, Java, Indonesia (d. 1981)

Person of interestJorge Luis Borges

1899 Jorge Luis Borges, Argentine writer of fiction and essays (Labyrinths), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1986)

  • 1899 Ruth Schaumann, German painter, writer and sculptor (Rose, Black King), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1902 Fernand Braudel, French historian (Civilization & Capitalism), born in Luméville, France (d. 1985)

Person of interestCarlo Gambino

1902 Carlo Gambino, Italian-born American mafioso (Gambino family), born in Palermo, Sicily, Italy (d. 1976)

Gangster Carlo Gambino
Gangster
Carlo Gambino
  • 1903 Karl Hanke, Official of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany, born in Lubań, Poland (d. 1945)
  • 1905 Siaka Stevens, President of Sierra Leone (1971-85), born in Moyamba, Sierra Leone (d. 1988)
  • 1911 Michel Pablo [Michalis N. Raptis], Chilean-Greek writer and Trotskyist revolutionary (Fourth International), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1996)
  • 1915 James Tiptree Jr. [Alice Sheldon], American sci-fi author (Byte Beautiful), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1987)
  • 1916 Anita V Figueredo, American physician and humanitarian, born in Costa Rica (d. 2010)
  • 1918 Ray McIntire, American chemical engineer, born in Gardner, Kansas (d. 1996)
  • 1918 Sikander Bakht, Indian politician, Governor of Kerala, born in Delhi, India (d. 2004)
  • 1922 René Lévesque, Premier of Quebec, born in Campbellton, Canada (d. 1987)

Person of interestHoward Zinn

1922 Howard Zinn, American historian and activist (A People's History of the United States), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2010)

Historian and Activist Howard Zinn
Historian and Activist
Howard Zinn
  • 1923 Arthur Jensen, American psychologist, born in San Diego, California (d. 2012)
  • 1926 Nancy Spero, American feminist artist, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2009)
  • 1927 William V. Shannon, American journalist and ambassador to Ireland (1977-81), born in Worchester, Massachusetts (d. 1988)
  • 1927 David Ireland, Australian author (The Unknown Industrial Prisoner), born in Lakemba, New South Wales, Australia
  • 1927 Harry Markowitz, American economist (Nobel 1990), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1930 Raj Bagri, Indian-British merchant in metal, born in Kolkata, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Robert D. Hales, LDS Church apostle, born in NYC, New York

Person of interestYasser Arafat

1933 Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority (1994-2004) and 1994 Nobel peace prize winner, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2004)

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 1936 William J. Coyne, American politician (Rep-D-Pennsylvania, 1981-2003), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2013)
  • 1936 A. S. Byatt, English novelist (The Virgin in the Garden), born in Sheffield, England
  • 1936 Kenny Guinn, American businessman and politician, born in Garland, Arkansas (d. 2010)
  • 1937 Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, Nigerian politician, born in Abeokuta, Nigeria (d. 1998)
  • 1940 Francine Lalonde, Canadian politician (Member of Parliament for La Pointe-de-l'Île), born in Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec
  • 1942 Karen Uhlenbeck, American mathematician and founder of modern geometric analysis, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1942 Max Cleland, American politician (U.S. Senator from Georgia), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1942 Howard Jacobson, British novelist (The Finkler Question) and newspaper columnist, born in Manchester, England
  • 1942 Karen Uhlenbeck, American mathematician, 1st woman to win Abel Prize, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1943 Pini Zahavi, Israeli football agent, born in Ness Ziona, Israel
  • 1944 Gregory Jarvis, American engineer and astronaut (STS 25), born in Detroit, Michigan

Person of interestMarsha P. Johnson

1945 Marsha P. Johnson [born Malcolm Michaels Jr.], African-American gay liberation and AIDS activist, drag queen, and transgender pioneer (Gay Liberation Front, S.T.A.R.), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1992)

Transgender activist and drag queen Marsha P. Johnson
Transgender activist and drag queen
Marsha P. Johnson
  • 1946 Richard N. Richards, American naval officer and astronaut (STS 28, 41, 50, 64), born in Key West, Florida
  • 1947 Paulo Coelho, Brazilian author (The Alchemist), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 1947 Vladimir Masorin, Russian admiral (commanded the Caspian Flotilla 1996-2002), born in Bely, Tver Oblast, Soviet Union
  • 1948 Kim Sung-Il, Chief of Staff of Republic of Korea Air Force, born in Jinhae, South Gyeongsang
  • 1949 Anna Lee Fisher [Tingle], American chemist, emergency physician and astronaut (STS 51-A), born in St Albans, New York
  • 1950 Tim White, American paleoanthropologist best known for leading the team which discovered Ardi, the type specimen of Ardipithecus ramidus, a 4.4 million-year-old likely human ancestor, born in Los Angeles County, California
  • 1951 Orson Scott Card, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Nebula, Ender's War), born in Richland, Washington
  • 1951 Oscar Hijuelos, American novelist (The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1952 Bob Corker, American politician (Senator from Tennessee), born in Orangeburg, South Carolina
  • 1955 Mike Huckabee, American politician (Governor of Arkansas (R) 1996-2007), Presidential candidate, born in Hope, Arkansas
  • 1956 John Culberson, American attorney and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas), born in Houston, Texas
  • 1958 Tracy Harris, American artist, born in Lawton, Oklahoma
  • 1958 Chris Offutt, American writer (The Good Brother), born in Lexington, Kentucky
  • 1960 Franz Viehböck, Austrian 1st cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-13), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1960 Steven Lindsey, U.S. Air Force officer and NASA astronaut (STS 87, sk:95), born in Temple City, California
  • 1961 Ingrid Berghmans, Belgian judoka (8 times Belgian Sportswoman of the Year), born in Beringen, Belgium
  • 1962 Mary Ellen Weber, American NASA astronaut (STS 70), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1963 Hideo Kojima, Japanese video game director (Death Stranding), born in Setagaya, Tokyo
  • 1964 Salizhan Sharipov, Kyrgyzstani cosmonaut (STS-89), born in Uzgen, Kyrgyzstan
  • 1972 Ava DuVernay, American director, writer and producer (13th, Selma, Queen Sugar), born in Long Beach, California
  • 1977 John Green, American author (The Fault in Our Stars) and vlogger, born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 2003 Alexandre Coste, Son of Albert II, Prince of Monaco, born in Paris

Weddings in History

  • 1561 Willem of Orange marries duchess Anna of Saxon

LoveWedding of Interest

1899 Businessman James Cash Penney (24) weds Bertha Alva Hess

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney

Divorces in History

  • 1976 Actress Zsa Zsa Gabor (59) divorces her sixth husband, toy inventor Jack Ryan (49) after 1 year of marriage

Deaths in History

  • 1103 Magnus III Berbein, [Blootbeen], King of Norway (1093-1103), dies
  • 1217 Eustace "the Monk", French buccaneer, dies in battle
  • 1313 Henry VII, Roman Catholic German King/emperor (1308/12-13), dies
  • 1371 Edward, Duke of Guelders (1361-71) and Count of Zutphen, mortally wounded in the battle at 35
  • 1540 Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, Italian painter (b. 1503)
  • 1542 Gasparo Contarini, Italian diplomat and cardinal (b. 1483)
  • 1572 Gaspard de Châtillon, Count the Coligny, French gen/admiral and Huguenot leader, beheaded
  • 1572 Death of thousands of French Protestants by Roman Catholics in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre, beginning in Paris
  • 1572 Pierre de la Ramée, French humanist (b. 1515)
  • 1572 Charles de Téligny, French Huguenot soldier (bc. 1535)
  • 1595 Thomas Digges, English astronomer (Universe Infinite), dies
  • 1617 Saint Rose of Lima [Isabel Flores de Olivia], Peruvian saint, a member of the Third Order of Saint Dominic, dies at 31
  • 1647 Nicholas Stone "Elder", English sculptor/architect, dies at about 61
  • 1664 Maria Cunitz, Silesian astronomer (bc. 1610)
  • 1666 Francisco M the Melo, Portuguese author (Obras Morales), dies at 57
  • 1679 Jean François Paul de Gondi, cardinal de Retz, French churchman and agitator (b. 1614)
  • 1680 Ferdinand Bulb, Dutch painter/etcher, buried
  • 1680 Thomas Blood, Irish-born thief of the British crown jewels (b. 1618)
  • 1683 John Owen, English non-conformist theologian (b. 1616)
  • 1759 Ewald C von Kleist, German poet, dies at 44
  • 1770 Thomas Chatterton, English poet (Revenge), dies at 17
  • 1779 Saint Cosmas of Aetolia, Greek Orthodox martyr (b. 1714)
  • 1798 Thomas Alcock, English clergyman (b. 1709)
  • 1801 Jacques-Denis Antoine, French builder (La Monnaie Paris), dies at 68
  • 1832 Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (b. 1796)
  • 1833 Adrian Hardy Haworth, English entomologist and botanist, dies at 65
  • 1841 Theodore Edward Hook, English author (b. 1788)
  • 1870 Edwin Gray Lee, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 34
  • 1888 Rudolph J E Clausius, German physicist (thermodynamics), dies
  • 1889 Jan Matzeliger, Surinamese-Dutch inventor (shoe lacing machine), dies at 36
  • 1895 John F Loudon, entrepreneur/colonial director, dies at 74
  • 1906 Alfred Stevens, Belgian painter, dies
  • 1907 Pieter Louis Tak, writer (Chronicle), dies at 58
  • 1912 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, dies at 59
  • 1914 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar, dies at 50
  • 1921 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet, dies at 35
  • 1923 Kate Douglas Wiggin, American author (Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm), dies at 66
  • 1940 Paul G. Nipkow, German TV pioneer (Nipkow disk), dies at 80
  • 1943 Ernst Ottwalt, writer, dies
  • 1943 Simone Weil, French philosopher and social activist (b. 1909)
  • 1950 Ernst Wiechert, writer, dies at 63

Person of interestGetulio Vargas

1954 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil (1930-45, 1951-54), modernizer and dictator, commits suicide at 71

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1958 John G Strijdom, premier of South Africa (1954-58), dies at 65
  • 1958 Paul Henry, Northern Irish artist, dies at 82

Person of interestHenry J. Kaiser

1967 Henry J. Kaiser, industrialist (Boulder Dam, Liberty ship), dies at 85

Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser
Industrialist
Henry J. Kaiser
  • 1974 Alexander de Seversky, Russian-American aviation pioneer (b. 1894)
  • 1975 Charles H Revson, US cosmetic magnate, dies at 69
  • 1977 Soewarsih Djojopoespito, Indonesian writer (Toe the Line), dies at 65
  • 1979 Hanna Reitsch, German aviator and test pilot, dies at 67
  • 1979 Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker, dies at 79
  • 1982 Giorgio Abetti, Italian astronomer (Solar physics), dies at 99
  • 1983 Shawn Lewis, 5th wife of Jerry Lee Lewis, dies of methadone OD
  • 1983 Scott Nearing, American sociologist, pacifist and author (The Good Life), dies at 100

Person of interestBayard Rustin

1987 Bayard Rustin, American civil rights leader (March on Washington organizer, Social Democrats USA), dies of a perforated appendix at 75

Civil Rights Activist Bayard Rustin
Civil Rights Activist
Bayard Rustin
  • 1988 Max Shulman, author (Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap), dies at 69
  • 1990 Sergei Dovlatov, Russian writer, dies at 48
  • 1990 Gailli AbedElrhman, Sudanese writer (b. 1931)
  • 1991 Beb [Elizabeth] Vuyk, Neth/Indon writer (Camp Diary), dies at 86
  • 1991 Bernard Castro, patented convertible couch, dies at 87
  • 1992 Andreas M Donner, Dutch state leader/jurist (Constitution), dies at 74
  • 1994 Jason McRoy, downhill MTB racer, dies at 23
  • 1994 Wijnanda MC "Nan" Aberson, friend of Gerard Van de Reve Sr, dies at 82
  • 1995 Erich Geiringer, general Practitioner campaigner, dies at 78
  • 1996 Ahmed Bahauddin, journalist, dies at 69
  • 1996 Emile Noel, international civil servant, dies at 73
  • 1996 John Christopherson, English artist and collector, dies at 75
  • 1996 Robert Louis Tewdwr Moss, journalist/travel writer, dies at 42
  • 1997 Phillip Humphrey Vellacott, classicist, dies at 90
  • 2002 Nikolay Guryanov Russian Orthodox Christian mystic and priest (b. 1909)
  • 2003 Sir Wilfred Thesiger, British explorer (b. 1910)
  • 2003 John Jacob Rhodes, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), dies at 86
  • 2004 Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (b. 1926)
  • 2004 Kees [Cornelis Johannes] Ouwens, Dutch writer and poet (Intimate Acts), dies at 60
  • 2007 Andrée P. Boucher, Canadian politician, Mayor of Quebec City, dies at 70
  • 2012 Pauli Ellefsen, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (1981-85), dies at 76
  • 2012 Richard Evans, British diplomat, ambassador to the People's Republic of China (1984-88), dies at 84
  • 2016 Walter Scheel, German politician, West German Foreign Minister and President, dies at 97
  • 2016 Roger Y. Tsien, American chemist (Nobel Prize 2008), dies at 64
  • 2016 Michel Butor, French novelist and essayist (La Modification), dies at 89
  • 2017 Charlie Robertson, American politician (mayor of York, Pennsylvania 1994-2002), dies of cancer at 83
  • 2018 Tom Frost, American rock climber (founder gear & apparel company Patagonia), dies of prostate cancer at 82