On This Day

On This Day in History for August 27

Events in History

  • 479 BC Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Plataea, Persian forces led by Mardonius routed by Greek army under Pausanias; together with Greek success at Battle of Mycale halts Persian invasion of Greece
  • 479 BC Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Mycale won by Greek forces over Persian naval troops on Ionian coast, double victory with that at Plataea ends Persian invasion
  • 663 Battle of Baekgang: Tang Chinese and Silla Korean forces defeat Korean Baekje forces and their Yamato Japanese allies on the Geum River in Korea. Last Japanese invasion of Korea for 900 years.
  • 1232 The Formulary of Adjudications is promulgated by Regent Hōjō Yasutoki. (Traditional Japanese date: August 10, 1232)
  • 1549 Battle of Dussindale: John Dudley Earl of Warwick destroys Robert Kett's army, ending Kett's rebellion in Norfolk, England
  • 1569 Pope Pius names Cosimo I de Medici as grand duke of Tuscany
  • 1585 Duke of Parma's troops occupy Antwerp
  • 1601 Olivier van Noort completes first Dutch exploration of new world
  • 1610 Polish King Wladyslaw crowned king of Russia
  • 1619 Frederik van Palts chosen as King of Bohemia
  • 1626 Battle of Lutter: Catholic League beats Danish king Christian IV
  • 1628 Java: Sultan Agung of Mataram attacks Batavia
  • 1634 Battle of Nordingen: Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar loses Duchy of Franconia
  • 1665 "Ye Bare & Ye Cubb" is the first play performed in North America in Acomac, Virginia
  • 1689 The Treaty of Nerchinsk is signed by Russia and the Qing empire
  • 1776 British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island

BattleBattle of Interest

1782 Battle of the Combahee River near Beaufort, North Carolina, American abolitionist John Laurens is killed leading the charge

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • 1783 First hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reaches an altitude of 900m
  • 1788 Jacques Neeker named as French minister of Finance
  • 1789 French National Assembly issues the "Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen"
  • 1798 Battle of Castlebar, Ireland: French army and Irish rebels rout a larger the British force
  • 1799 British invasion army lands in North Holland

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1813 Battle of Dresden; Napoleon defeats Austrians

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1816 Lord Exmouth bombards Algiers, a refuge for Barbary pirates
  • 1828 Uruguay gains independence during Brazil-Argentina peace talks
  • 1828 The Russians defeat the Turks at the Battle of Akhalzic.
  • 1832 Black Hawk, leader of Sauk-indians, gives himself up
  • 1859 1st successful oil well drilled, near Titusville, Pennsylvania, by Edwin Drake
  • 1861 Battle of Cape Hatteras SC-Union troops take Ft Clark
  • 1869 1st international boat race (River Thames, Oxford beats Harvard)
  • 1881 Hurricane hits Florida & Carolinas; about 700 die

Krakatoa: The World’s Mightiest ExplosionKrakatoa: The World’s Mightiest Explosion

1883 Krakatoa volcano, west of Java in Indonesia, erupts with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people

Read Article
Anak Krakatau – the “Child of Krakatoa” – erupts in December, 2018, causing more than 400 deaths
Anak Krakatau – the “Child of Krakatoa” – erupts in December, 2018, causing more than 400 deaths
Read Article
  • 1894 Congress passes Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which includes a graduated income tax later struck down by the Supreme Court
  • 1896 Britain defeats Zanzibar in a 38-minute war (9:02 AM-9:40 AM). Shortest recorded war in history.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1900 Battle of Bergendal: General Buller defeats the Boer under general Louis Botha

1st Prime Minister of South Africa Louis Botha
1st Prime Minister of South Africa
Louis Botha
  • 1910 Wash Red Killefer sacrifices record 4 times against Detroit
  • 1913 Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken applies to patent all-purpose zipper
  • 1913 Lt Pyotr Nesterov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)

BattleBattle of Interest

1914 Second day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Germans bombard Usdau

German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • 1914 US war reporter Richard H Davis visits Leuven
  • 1916 Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1917 Indians set club record by stealing eight bases in a game
  • 1918 Dr Joseph L Johnson named as US minister to Liberia
  • 1918 Spanish flu arrives in Boston, beginning of the second wave and deadliest wave in the US
  • 1926 2nd Women's World Games (track & field competition for women) is conducted over 3-days at the Slottsskogsvallen Stadium in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1927 Parks College, America's oldest aviation school, opens
  • 1928 16 die in a NYC subway's 2nd worst accident

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact, 60 nations agree to condemn 'recourse to war for the solution of international controversies'.

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
11x Prime Minister of France Aristide Briand
11x Prime Minister of France
Aristide Briand
  • 1932 200,000 English textile workers strike
  • 1932 International anti-war congress opens in Amsterdam
  • 1937 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH
  • 1938 Two NYC subway trains collide at 116th Street killing 2 and injuring 51
  • 1939 Erich Warsitz in a Heinkel He-178 makes the 1st manned jet-propelled flight
  • 1939 Nazi Germany demands Danzig & Polish corridor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands receives German ambassador Grave Zech

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1940 Caproni-Campini CC-2, experimental jet plane, maiden flight (Milan)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Shah of Iran Rezā Shāh Pahlavi abdicates throne in favour of his son Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • 1942 Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Soviet woman sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko arrives in Washington D.C., the 1st Soviet citizen welcomed at the White House, by Eleanor Roosevelt

Soviet Sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko
Soviet Sniper
Lyudmila Pavlichenko
US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
  • 1944 200 RAF Halifax bombers attack oil installations in Hamburg
  • 1945 US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
  • 1948 102°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in August
  • 1950 General Foods blacklists Jean Muir of Aldrich Family for alleged communist sympathies
  • 1955 "Guinness Book of World Records" 1st published
  • 1956 Curt Robert of Columbus (Intl League) hits 4 HRs in 7 inning game
  • 1957 Hickory Smoke wins Hambletonian Stakes
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1957 The Constitution of Malaysia comes into force
  • 1958 Clark Griffith says Senators will probably accept offer to move to Minnesota
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at South Atlantic Ocean
  • 1958 USSR launches Sputnik 3 with two dogs aboard
  • 1961 Francis the Talking Mule is mystery guest on "What's My Line"
  • 1962 Mariner 2 launched; first probe to fly by Venus
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1966 Francis Chichester begins 1st solo sail around world
  • 1966 Race riot in Waukegan, Illinois
  • 1968 Protest by the Derry Housing Action Committee (DHAC) at the Guildhall's council chamber; after which Eamon Melaugh phones the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) to organise a march in Derry
  • 1969 Lindy's Pride wins Hambletonian Stakes
  • 1969 Mike Procter hits six consecutive sixes (across two overs)
  • 1972 US bombs Haiphong, North Vietnam
  • 1977 Army shoots on market vendor women in Conakry, Guinea
  • 1979 Warrenpoint ambush: 18 British Army soldiers killed when Provisional IRA explode two roadside bombs as a British convoy passes Narrow Water Castle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, cousin of Queen Elizabeth II and last Viceroy of India, is killed along with three companions, two of them children by the IRA when his boat is blown up near Sligo, Ireland

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten
  • 1980 Chon Doo Hwan elected president of South Korea
  • 1981 Divers begin to recover a safe found aboard sunken Italian liner Andrea Doria
  • 1981 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 Soyuz T-7 returns to Earth
  • 1983 Haiti adopts constitution
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 US President Ronald Reagan announces 'Teacher in Space' project

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1984 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1984 War Against Indiscipline is launched by the Buhari regime in Nigeria
  • 1985 20th Space Shuttle Mission (51-I)-Discovery 6-launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 General Ibrahim Babangida overthrows Major General Muhammadu Buhari's regime in Nigeria

President of Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari
President of Nigeria
Muhammadu Buhari
General and President of Nigeria Ibrahim Babangida
General and President of Nigeria
Ibrahim Babangida
  • 1986 Protests erupt in Soweto, South Africa, against evictions carried out after an 11 week rent boycott
  • 1989 100 march through Bensonhurst protesting racial killings
  • 1989 89th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Chris Patton
  • 1990 52 Americans arrive in Turkey from Iraq
  • 1990 Market prices plunge as OPEC nears informal agreement to increase output to cover shortfall due to invasion; cash market trading experiences abrupt decline.
  • 1991 Moldavia declares independence from USSR

Birthdays in History

  • 1407 Ashikaga Yoshikazu, 5th Japanese shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1425)
  • 1471 George the Bearded, Duke of Saxony (1500-39), born in Meissen, Germany (d. 1539)
  • 1487 Anna of Brandenburg, Queen of Denmark, born in Berlin (d. 1514)
  • 1545 Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Italian diplomat, born in Rome (d. 1592)
  • 1630 Maria van Oosterwijck, Dutch flower painter, born in Nootdorp, Netherlands (d. 1693)
  • 1637 Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland, born in Salisbury, England (d. 1715)
  • 1665 John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, English politician, born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk (d. 1751)
  • 1666 Ivan V, co-tsar of Russia (1682-89), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1696)
  • 1669 Anne Marie of Orléans, Queen of Italy, born in Château de Saint-Cloud, France (d. 1728)
  • 1677 Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun, Austrian field marshal, born in Ödenburg, Austria (d. 1748)
  • 1698 Baal Shem Tov, Jewish mystical rabbi (founder of the Hasidic Judaism), born in Okopy Świętej Trójcy, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1760)
  • 1719 Jan Nepveu, Dutch governor of Suriname (1768-79), born in Amsterdam (d. 1779)
  • 1724 John Joachim Zubly, Swiss-American Continental Congressman, born in St. Gall, Switzerland (d. 1781)
  • 1730 Johann Georg Hamann, German counter-enlightenment philosopher ("Reason is language"), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1788)
  • 1752 Herman Muntinghe, Dutch theologist (History of Mankind), born in Termunten, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1824)
  • 1768 Anne François Mellinet, French-Belgian general (Maastricht), born in Corbeil-Essonnes, France (d. 1852)
  • 1770 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher and inventor (dialectic), born in Stuttgart, Württemberg (d. 1831)
  • 1803 Edward Beecher, American theologian, born in East Hampton, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1809 Hannibal Hamlin, American attorney and 15th Vice President of U.S. (1861-65), born in Paris, Massachusetts (d. 1891)
  • 1824 Hiram Gregory Berry, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Thomaston, Main (d. 1863)
  • 1826 Frank Stillman Nickerson, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Swanville, Maine (d. 1917)
  • 1832 James A. Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta County, Virginia (d. 1901)
  • 1835 Albijn van de Abeele, Flemish author and painter, born in Sint-Martens-Latem, Belgium (d. 1918)
  • 1839 Emory Upton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), born in Batavia, New York (d. 1881)
  • 1847 Gustave J Waffelaert, Flemish theologist and bishop of Bridge, born in Rollegem, Belgium (d. 1931)
  • 1849 Manuel Acuña, Mexican poet (Nocturno), born in Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexic0 (d. 1873)
  • 1856 Iwan Franko, Ukrainian writer and political activist, born in Nahuievychi, Galicia (d. 1916)
  • 1858 Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician and glottologist, born in Spinetta, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1932)
  • 1865 Charles G. Dawes, 30th Vice President of the United States, banker and 1925 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Marietta, Ohio (d. 1951)
  • 1865 James Henry Breasted, American Egyptologist and anthropologist, born in Rockford, Illinois (d. 1935)
  • 1869 Karl Haushofer, German soldier and geographer, born in Munich, Bavaria (d. 1946)
  • 1870 Amado Nervo [Juan Crisóstomo Ruiz de Nervo], Mexican writer and poet, born in Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico (d. 1919)
  • 1871 Theodore Dreiser, American novelist (Sister Carie, American Tragedy), born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1945)
  • 1874 Carl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, Nobel 1931), born in Cologne, German Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1875 Katharine McCormick, American biologist, suffragist and philanthropist, born in Dexter, Michigan (d. 1967)
  • 1877 Charles Stewart Rolls, British auto manufacturer (Rolls-Royce Ltd), born in Berkeley Square, London (d. 1910)
  • 1877 Lloyd C. Douglas, American novelist (The Big Fisherman), born in Columbia City, Indiana (d. 1951)
  • 1877 Ernst Wetter, Member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Töss, Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 1963)
  • 1884 Vincent Auriol, President of France (1947-53), born in Revel, France (d. 1966)
  • 1890 Man Ray, American artist and photographer (Dada), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)
  • 1899 C. S. Forester, English historical novelist (Horatio Hornblower), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1966)
  • 1903 Xavier Villaurrutia, Mexican poet (Nocturno de los Angeles), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1950)
  • 1904 Norah Lofts, British author (The Town House), born in Shipdham, Norfolk, England (d. 1983)
  • 1904 John Hay Whitney, American financier and philanthropist, born in Ellsworth, Maine (d. 1982)
  • 1905 Alexander Johnston, CEO (Board of Inland Revenue)

Person of interestEd Gein

1906 Ed Gein, American serial killer who was the inspiration for the films "Psycho" and "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre", born in La Crosse County, Wisconsin (d. 1984)

Murderer and Body Snatcher Ed Gein
Murderer and Body Snatcher
Ed Gein

Person of interestLyndon B. Johnson

1908 Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th US President (Democrat: 1963-69), born in Stonewall, Texas (d. 1973)

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1908 Kurt Wegner, German artist, born in Köln, Germany (d. 1985)
  • 1909 Sidney R. Yates, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Patience Edney, British nurse and communist, born in Orpington, Kent, England (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Peter Gretton, British vice admiral, born in Franham, Surrey (d. 1992)
  • 1913 Arthur Benfield, head of Cheshire CID, born in Ashton Upon Mersey, England (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Donald M. MacKinnon, Scottish philosopher, born in Oban, Scotland (d. 1994)
  • 1913 Stewart Crawford, British diplomat
  • 1914 Catherine Marshall, American editor and writer, born in Johnson City, Tennessee (d. 1983)
  • 1915 Walter Heller, economist (Old Myths & New Realities), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1987)
  • 1918 Lord Winstanley, British MP (Labour) (d. 1993)
  • 1919 John Donkin Dormand, Baron Dormand of Easington, British politician (Labour Party), born in Haswell, County Durham, England (d. 2003)
  • 1920 James Molyneaux [Baron Molyneaux of Killead], MP (Ulster unionist), born in Killead, Ireland (d. 2015)
  • 1921 Georg Alexander, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Nice, France (d. 1996)
  • 1924 David Rowbotham, Australian poet and journalist, born in Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia (d. 2010)
  • 1925 Richard Rutt, English bishop of Leicester, born in Lengford, England (d. 2011)
  • 1926 Kristen Nygaard, Norwegian computer scientist, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 2002)
  • 1927 Hugh Byatt, British diplomat, born in Edinburgh (d. 2011)
  • 1928 Jack Thompson, British politician (Labour), born in Ashington, England (d. 2011)
  • 1928 Mangosuthu Buthelezi, South African politician (Chief Minister of KwaZulu 1972-94), born in Mahlabathini, Natal, South Africa
  • 1929 Ira Levin, American author (Rosemary Baby, Boys From Brazil, This Perfect Day), born in NYC, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1930 John Daly, British trade union leader
  • 1930 John Watts, British army and Chief of Defense (Omani Armed Forces), born in Portsmouth, England (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Sri Chinmoy, Indian guru, born in Shakpura, British India (now Bangladesh) (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Antonia Fraser, British author and biographer (Mary Queen of Scots), born in London, England
  • 1932 Mikhail Nikolayevich Burdayev, Feodosina Krim, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1933 Joke Smit, Dutch feminist
  • 1935 Frank Yablans, American writer (North Dallas Forty), born in NYC, New York
  • 1935 Michael Holroyd, author
  • 1936 Joel Kovel, American politician
  • 1937 Mark Potter, British court judge
  • 1940 David Hart, gen-sect (National Association of Head Teachers)
  • 1941 Yuri Vassilyevich Malyshev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-2, T-11)
  • 1942 Brian Peckford, Canadian politician
  • 1943 Bob Kerrey, (Sen-D Nebraska)
  • 1944 Wim Jurg, corrector/chairman (Werelddambond FMJD)
  • 1947 Jacques Arnold, MP (Conservative)
  • 1949 Andrew McKay, conservative MP
  • 1949 Edmund Weiner, English lexicographer (Oxford English Dictionary), born in Oxford, England
  • 1952 Roger Stone, American political lobbyist, born in Norwalk, Connecticut
  • 1954 Mike Kelley, Wayne, Michigan, artist (More Love Hours Than Can Ever Be Repaid), (d. 2012)
  • 1958 Sergei Konstantinovich Krikalev, Russian cosmonaut (TM-7, TM-12, STS 60)
  • 1958 Tom Lanoye, Belgian author
  • 1958 Stalking Cat [Dennis Avner], body modifier (world record holder in body modification), born in Flint, Michigan (d. 2012)
  • 1959 Juan Fernando Cobo, Colombian artist
  • 1959 Leila de Lima, Filipino lawyer, Senator, Chair of the Philippine Senate Electoral Reforms and People's Participation Committee, born in Iriga, Philippines
  • 1961 Tom Ford, American fashion designer
  • 1966 Juhan Parts, Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1969 Cesar Millan, Culiacan Mexico, professional dog trainer
  • 1969 Avril Haines, American lawyer, 1st female Director of National Intelligence (2021-), born in New York City
  • 1975 Jonny Moseley, American skier
  • 1985 Alexandra Nechita, Romanian-American artist
  • 1986 Sebastian Kurz, Austrian politician, Austrian Chancellor (201709), Austrian People's Party (ÖVP), born in Vienna, Austria

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1930 Journalist H. L. Mencken (49) weds author Sara Haardt (32) at St. Stephen’s Episcopal Church

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken
  • 1956 Socialite Gloria Vanderbilt (32) weds "12 Angry Men" director Sidney Lumet (32)

LoveWedding of Interest

1966 American law student, and future politician, Joe Biden of Delaware (21) weds fellow Syracuse University student, and future teacher, Neilia Hunter (22) of Skaneateles, New York, at a Catholic church in Skaneateles

46th US President, Vice President and Senator Joe Biden
46th US President, Vice President and Senator
Joe Biden
  • 1994 TV executive Anthony Radziwill (35) weds Emmy Award-winning journalist Carole Di Falco (31) in East Hampton, New York
  • 2011 British heiress Petra Ecclestone (22) weds entrepreneur James Stunt at Orsini Odescalchi Castle near City of Rome
  • 2011 Lisa Vanderpump's daughter Pandora Vanderpump (24) weds Jason Sabo in Beverly Hills

Deaths in History

  • 542 Saint Caesarius of Arles
  • 827 Pope Eugene II, Italian Pope (824-827)
  • 1208 Irene Angelina, daughter of Isaac II Angeles, dies

Person of interestArthur II

1312 Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (1305-12), dies at 50

Duke of Brittany Arthur II
Duke of Brittany
Arthur II
  • 1394 Chokei, Emperor of Japan (b. 1343)
  • 1450 Reginald West, 6th Baron De La Warr, English politician (b. 1395)
  • 1522 Giovanni A Amadei/Amadeo, Italian sculptor/architect, dies at about 75
  • 1545 Piotr Gamrat, Polish Catholic archbishop (b. 1487)
  • 1576 Titian [Tiziano Vecelli], Italian painter, dies of plague
  • 1590 Pope Sixtus V [Felice Piergentile], Pope of the Catholic Church (1585-90), dies at 68
  • 1608 Hendrik van Kinschot [Henricus Kinschotus], lawyer, dies at 66
  • 1635 Lope Félix de Vega Carpio, Spanish playwright and poet (Angelica, Arcadia), dies at 72
  • 1651 Jacob A Backer, painter, dies at about 43
  • 1664 Francisco Zurbarán, Spanish painter, dies at 65
  • 1667 Adriaen Melar, Flemish engraver, buried at 33
  • 1727 Aert de Gelder, Dutch painter (King David), dies at 81
  • 1748 James Thomson, Scottish poet (Rule, Britannia), dies at 47
  • 1758 Barbara of Portugal [Maria Madalena Bárbara Xavier Leonor Teresa Antónia Josefa], Queen of Spain, dies at 46

Person of interestJohn Laurens

1782 John Laurens, American soldier, diplomat and abolitionist, killed in battle at 27

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • 1827 Ferdinand Trauttmansdorff, Austrian earl/prince/diplomat, dies
  • 1828 Eise J Eisinga, constructed planetarium at Franeker, dies at 84
  • 1830 Louis Henri, Prince of Condé, commits suicide at 74
  • 1840 William Kneass, 3rd US chief engraver (1824-40), dies in office
  • 1857 Rufus Wilmot Griswold, American poet, literary critic and editor, dies of tuberculosis at 42
  • 1865 Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Canadian novelist (The Clockmaker; or, The Sayings and Doings of Samuel Slick of Slickville), dies at 68
  • 1871 William Whiting Boardman, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut), dies at 76
  • 1874 Johan George Schwartze, painter, dies
  • 1874 John Henry Foley, Irish sculptor (Prince Albert Memorial), dies at 56
  • 1875 William Chapman Ralston, American banker (b. 1826)
  • 1879 Rowland Hill, English inventor who introduced 1st adhesive postage stamp (1840), dies at 84
  • 1898 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law) dies with three of his children in a mountaineering accident in the Pennine Alps, Switzerland at 49
  • 1910 Clement of Maasdijk, 1st Dutch aircraft death

Person of interestLouis Botha

1919 Louis Botha, Boer general and statesman, 1st Prime Minister of South Africa (1910-19), dies at 56

1st Prime Minister of South Africa Louis Botha
1st Prime Minister of South Africa
Louis Botha
  • 1924 William Maddock Bayliss, British physiologist, co-discoverer of hormones, dies at 64
  • 1929 Herman Potočnik, Slovenian rocket scientist, dies at 36
  • 1930 Didericus van Epen, Dutch genealogist (Dutch Patriarch, dies at 62
  • 1931 Willem Hubert Nolens, Dutch priest and ambassador to Vatican, dies at 70
  • 1931 Frank Harris, Irish-American journalist and writer (My Life & Loves), dies at 75
  • 1931 Francis Marion Smith, American borax magnate (b. 1846)
  • 1937 John Russell Pope, American architect (Jefferson Memorial, National Archives and Records Administration), dies at 63
  • 1943 Otto Selz, German psychologist, dies at 62
  • 1944 Georg von Boeselager, German nobleman (b. 1915)
  • 1948 Charles Evans Hughes, American statesman, Republican politician and 11th Chief Justice of Supreme Court (1930-41), dies at 86
  • 1950 Cesare Pavese, Italian writer (Fuoco Grande), dies at 41
  • 1955 Joachim Wach, philosopher/sociologist (Sociology of Religion), dies
  • 1958 Ernest Lawrence, American nuclear scientist and inventor (Cyclotron - Nobel 1939), dies at 57

Person of interestW.E.B. Du Bois

1963 W. E. B. Du Bois, American civil rights activist, writer (Souls of Black Folk) and founder of the NAACP, dies at 95 in Accra, Ghana

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 1963 Allama Mashriqi, Pakistani scholar and politician (b. 1888)
  • 1965 Edmond of Dooren, Flemish painter, dies at 68

Person of interestLe Corbusier

1965 Le Corbusier [Charles Jeanneret], Swiss French architect and city planner and dies at 77

Architect and City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect and City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • 1967 Henri-Georges Adam, French painter/cartoonist/sculptor, dies at 63
  • 1968 Marina, princess of Greece/Denmark/Dutchess of Kent, dies at 61
  • 1969 Erika Mann, German-American author (Other Germany) and daughter of Thomas Mann, dies at 63
  • 1969 Henri EJA de Page, Belgian lawyer, dies
  • 1969 Ivy Compton-Burnett, English novelist (Manservant and Maidservant), dies at 85
  • 1971 Bennett Cerf, American publisher (Random House) and panelist (What's My Line), dies at 73
  • 1971 Margaret Bourke-White, American photographer, 1st female LIFE staff photographer, dies at 67

Person of interestHaile Selassie

1975 Haile Selassie [Ras Tafari Makonnen], Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74), dies of suspected assassination by strangulation at 83

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie

MurderLord Mountbatten

1979 Louis Mountbatten, British naval officer and statesman, last Viceroy of India (1947), is assassinated by an IRA bomb on his boat in Ireland at 79

Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten
Supreme Allied Commander and Last Viceroy of India
Lord Mountbatten
  • 1979 Nicholas Mountbatten, Lord Mountbatten's grandson, murdered by the IRA at 14
  • 1982 Anandamayi Ma [Nirmala Sundari], Indian spiritual leader, dies at 86
  • 1983 William Hitzig, Austrian Maxwell physician, dies at 78
  • 1987 Scott La Rock, American DJ (Boogie Down Productions) (b. 1962)
  • 1996 Abram Games, graphic artist, dies at 82
  • 1996 Alexander Lanusse, military President of Argentina (1971-73), dies
  • 1999 Hélder Câmara, Brazilian Roman Catholic archbishop (b. 1909)
  • 2001 Abu Ali Mustafa, leader of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (assassinated) (b. 1938)
  • 2001 Michael Dertouzos, Greek internet pioneer, Director of the M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science (b. 1936)
  • 2002 Dr. Edwin Louis Cole, "Father of the Modern Day Men's Movement," Founder of the Christian Men's Network (CMN)
  • 2003 Pierre Poujade, French politician (b. 1920)
  • 2006 Maria Capovilla, oldest woman alive from 2004-2006 (b. 1889)
  • 2007 Driss Basri, Moroccan politician (Interior Minister 1979-99), dies at 68
  • 2009 Sergey Mikhalkov, Soviet writer and poet, dies at 96
  • 2020 David Bryant, English lawn bowler (World Outdoor C'ship singles 1966, 80, 88; 4 x C'wealth Games gold singles), dies at 88
  • 2020 David Mercer, Welsh television sports presenter (BBC tennis; Eurosports) and tennis umpire (Wimbledon men's final 1984), dies at 70
  • 2020 Dick Ritger, American ten-pin bowler (Tournament of Champions 1970, 79 runner-up; 20 career PBA Tour titles), dies at 81