On This Day in History for August 4

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 144

  • 1181 Supernova seen in Cassiopia
  • 1265 Battle of Evesham: English prince Edward beats Simon de Montfort the younger
  • 1347 English troops conquer Ft Calais
  • 1351 Sea battle at Zwartewaal: Willem V beats Hoeksen & English
  • 1558 1st printing of Zohar (Jewish Kabbalah)
  • 1578 Battle of Alcazarquivir, Moroccans defeat Portuguese, 10,000 killed
  • 1598 London's head office of Hanze closed
  • 1636 Johan Mauritius appointed governor of Dutch Brazil
  • 1666 Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, Martinique & St Christopher; thousands die
  • 1666 Sea battle between Netherlands & England
  • 1693 Date traditionally ascribed to Dom Pérignon's invention of Champagne
  • 1704 War of Spanish Succession, English & Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • 1730 Crown prince Frederick of Prussia escapes to England
  • 1735 Jury acquits John Zenger (NY Weekly Journal) charged with seditious libel by royal governor of NY (victory for Freedom of press)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1753 George Washington becomes a master mason

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1772 English poet and artist William Blake aged 14 is first apprenticed to engraver James Basire in London

Poet/Artist William Blake
William Blake
  • 1789 French Revolution: The National Constituent Assembly meets and issues the first decrees that abolish centuries of feudalism in France
  • 1790 US Coast Guard founded as Revenue Cutter Service
  • 1791 The Treaty of Sistova is signed, ending the Ottoman-Habsburg wars.
  • 1821 1st edition of Saturday Evening Post (publishes until 1969)
  • 1821 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen and Russian polar expedition returns to Kronshtadt after becoming 1st to circumnavigate Antarctica
  • 1824 Battle of Kos is fought between Turks and Greeks.
  • 1830 Plans for city of Chicago laid out
  • 1854 The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships.
  • 1855 John Bartlett publishes "Familiar Quotations"
  • 1862 US government collects its 1st income tax
  • 1864 Land & naval action new Brazos Santiago, Texas
  • 1870 British Red Cross Society forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Indian Wars: whilst protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, US 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clashes for the 1st time with the Sioux near the Tongue River. 1 man killed on each side.

  • 1879 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Aeterni Patris
  • 1881 122°F (50°C), Seville, Spain (European record)
  • 1886 Colombia adopts constitution
  • 1892 Queen Wilhelmina & Emma open Merwede Canal between Amsterdam and the Rhine

MurderMurder of Interest

1892 Sunday school teacher Lizzie Borden arrested in Fall River, Massachusetts on two counts of murder

Acquitted Murderer Lizzie Borden
Acquitted Murderer
Lizzie Borden
  • 1897 Henry A Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia
  • 1900 An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion
  • 1902 The Greenwich foot tunnel under the River Thames opens.
  • 1903 Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice elected Pope Pius X
  • 1914 WWI: German army shoots Belgian priests and burns down village of Battice
  • 1914 German fleet under admiral Souchon fire on Algerian coast
  • 1914 WWI: Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany
  • 1914 WWI: King Albert I becomes Supreme Commander of Belgian army after German declaration of war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 WWI: Field Marshal Lord Kitchener becomes British Minister of War after British declaration of war on Germany

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1914 US declares neutrality on the outbreak of WWI
  • 1916 Denmark cedes Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, to the US for $25 million
  • 1916 The Turks attack the British line at Romani in the northern Sinai (WWI)
  • 1917 Pravda calls for the killing of all capitalists, priests & officers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Adolf Hitler receives the Iron Cross first class for bravery on the recommendation of his Jewish superior, Lieutenant Hugo Gutmann

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Rodin Museum opens in Paris in The hôtel Biron containing works left to the state by the sculptor Auguste Rodin

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin
  • 1919 The Communist Bela Kun comes to power in Hungary
  • 1925 1st Dutch Colijn government forms

  • 1925 US marines leave Nicaragua after 13-year occupation
  • 1929 60,000 SA'ers/SS'ers march by Munich
  • 1929 Indians, in 9th with 2 outs score 9 to beat Yanks 14-6
  • 1929 Jones Beach in NY opens
  • 1930 Child labor laws established in Belgium
  • 1934 2nd British Empire Games open in London, England
  • 1936 Ioannis Metaxas names himself dictator of Greece
  • 1941 Dodger Mickey Owens is 1st to catch 3 foul flies in an inning (3rd)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Winston Churchill departs on Prince of Wales to US

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Col-gen Jeremenko arrives in Stalingrad/welcomed by Nikita Khrushchev

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1942 German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed
  • 1943 British premier Winston Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada
  • 1943 Soviet units reach suburbs of Orel
  • 1943 USAAF bombs Germans in Troina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1944 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy
  • 1946 An earthquake of magnitude 8.0 hits northern Dominican Republic. 100 are killed and 20,000 are left homeless.
  • 1947 The Supreme Court of Japan is established.
  • 1948 5 day Southern States filibuster succeeds in maintaining America's poll tax

MurderMurder of Interest

1952 Gambling boss Theodore Roe is murdered by the crew of Sam Giancana

Gangster Sam Giancana
Sam Giancana
  • 1953 Black families move into Trumbull Park housing project in Chicago
  • 1954 Boscombe Down 1st flight of supersonic P-1 Lightning
  • 1954 The Government of Pakistan approves the National Anthem, written by Hafeez Jullundhry and composed by Ahmed G. Chagla.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Eisenhower authorizes $46 million for construction of CIA headquarters

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1956 1st motorcycle rode over 200 mph (Wilhelm Herz-210 mph/338 kph)
  • 1956 Indonesia says it will not pay debts to the Netherlands
  • 1958 Dumont TV Network crumbles
  • 1960 Rocket propelled USAF research aircraft sets record at 2,150 MPH
  • 1961 Spokane, Washington reaches August record 108°F

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Nelson Mandela captured by South African police

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1964 Civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman & James E Chaney, bodies discovered in an earthen Mississippi dam
  • 1964 North Vietnam torpedos US ships Gulf of Tonkin
  • 1965 Cook Islands enters into free association with New Zealand
  • 1966 8th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Kingston, Jamaica
  • 1967 British pirate radio station Radio 355 resigns air
  • 1967 Shortwave group ANARC's 1st convention (Chicago)
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 Willie Stargell is 1st to hit a HR outside of Dodger Stadium
  • 1971 US launches 1st satellite into lunar orbit from manned spacecraft
  • 1972 Arthur Bremer jailed for 63 years for shooting Alabama Gov Wallace

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Uganda dictator Idi Amin orders the expulsion of 50,000 Asians with British passport from Uganda

Ugandan Dictator Idi Amin
Ugandan Dictator
Idi Amin
  • 1974 Crawford-Butler Act allows Puerto Ricans to elect own governor
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 US President Carter establishes Department of Energy
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Italian government of Cossiga begins

Birthdays in History

  • 1222 Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, English soldier (d. 1262)
  • 1290 Duke Leopold I of Austria (d. 1326)
  • 1502 Pieter Coecke van Aelst, Flemish painter/carpet designer
  • 1521 Pope Urban VII (d. 1590)
  • 1604 François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac, French writer, born in Paris (d. 1676)
  • 1687 Johan Willem Friso, prince of Orange/monarch of Nassau-Dietz [OS]
  • 1701 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1757)
  • 1719 Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German minerologist and geologist, born in Bad Gottleuba-Berggießhübel, Germany (d. 1767)
  • 1721 Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, English politician (d. 1803)
  • 1755 Nicolas-Jacque Conte, French painter and inventor (modern pencil), born in Aunou-sur-Orne, France (d. 1805)
  • 1792 Percy Bysshe Shelley, English romantic poet (Adonais), born in Horsham, Sussex, England (d. 1822)
  • 1805 William Rowan Hamilton, Irish astronomer and mathematician, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1865)
  • 1815 Carl Reinhold August Wunderlich, Sulz am Neckar, German Physician and advocate of scientific medicine
  • 1816 Israel Vogdes, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Chester County, Pennsylvania (d. 1889)
  • 1818 Lovell Harrison Rosseau, American lawyer politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Stanford, Kentucky (d. 1869)
  • 1821 James Springer White, American theologian (co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church), born in Palmyra, Maine (d. 1881)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821 Louis Vuitton, French founder of the Louis Vuitton brand of leather goods now owned by LVMH, born in Anchay, France (d. 1892)

Luggage Maker Louis Vuitton
Luggage Maker
Louis Vuitton
  • 1823 Oliver Hazard Perry Throck Morton, American politician (Governor of Indiana), born in Salisbury, Indiana (d. 1877)
  • 1834 John Venn, English mathematician (Venn Diagram), born in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1923)
  • 1839 Walter Pater, writer (Plato & Platoism), born in London, England
  • 1848 Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (d. 1926)
  • 1859 Knut Hamsun, Norwegian writer (Nobel Prize 1920), born in Lom, Gudbrandsdalen, Norway (d. 1952)
  • 1873 Damaso Berenguer, Spanish soldier and politician (122nd Prime Minister of Spain), born in San Juan de los Remedios, Cuba (d. 1953)
  • 1877 Dame Laura Knight, English impressionist artist, born in Long Eaton, Derbyshire, England (d. 1970)
  • 1888 Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Bohra Spiritual Leader, born in Surat, India (d. 1965)
  • 1890 Erich Weinert, German communist writer, born in Magdeburg (d. 1953)
  • 1899 Ezra Taft Benson, 13th President of Mormon Church and US Secretary of Agriculture, born in Whitney, Idaho (d. 1994)
  • 1900 Arturo Umberto Illia, President of Argentina (1963-66), born in Pergamino, Argentina (d. 1983)
  • 1900 Douglas L Mays, cartoonist (Punch)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1900 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, British consort of King George VI and Queen Mother after his death, born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2002)

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
  • 1904 Witold Gombrowicz, Polish author (Ferdydurke, Pornography), born in Małoszyce, Russian Empire (d. 1969)
  • 1905 Michael Scott Montague Fordham, English child psychiatrist and Jungian analyst, born in Kensington, London (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Marie-Jose von Saksen-Coburg, Belgian Princess (last Queen of Italy), born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 2001)
  • 1908 Leslie Wilkinson, journalist
  • 1908 Osbert Lancaster, English cartoonist and author (Daily Express), born in London (d. 1986)
  • 1909 Roberto Burle Marx, Brazilian landscape gardener, born in São Paulo, Brazil (d. 1994)
  • 1909 Saunders Mac Lane, American mathematician (co-founded category theory), born in Taftville, Connecticut (d. 2005)
  • 1910 Hedda Sterne, Romanian born American artist , born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2011)
  • 1912 Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat in WW II (saved 10,000s of Jews), born in Lidingö Municipality, Sweden (d. 1947)
  • 1912 Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, philosopher, and mountaineer, born in Volyn, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1999)
  • 1913 Robert Hayden, African-American poet (Those Winter Sundays), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1980)
  • 1914 Rik Slabbinck, Flemish painter
  • 1915 Warren Avis, American entrepreneur (Avis Rent a Car System), born in Bay City, Michigan (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Iceberg Slim (a.k.a. Robert Beck), African-American author, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1992)
  • 1920 Helen Thomas, American reporter and UPI journalist (starts press conferences), born in Winchester, Kentucky (d. 2013)
  • 1922 Charley Harper, American modernist artist, born in Frenchton, West Virginia (d. 2007)
  • 1923 Reg Grundy, Australian media and television mogul (Neighbours, Prisoner), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Mushtaq Ahmad Yusufi, Pakistani satirical and humor writer, born in Jaipur, India
  • 1930 David M G Curry, South African Labour Party parliament leader
  • 1930 John Gorman, printer and socialist historian, born in Stratford, East London (d. 1996)
  • 1930 Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, Iranian shia cleric, born in Mashhad, Iran

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1933 Sheldon Adelson, American business magnate (CEO of Las Vegas Sands), born in Boston, Massachusetts

Entrepreneur and Founder of Las Vegas Sands Sheldon Adelson
Entrepreneur and Founder of Las Vegas Sands
Sheldon Adelson
  • 1934 Jonas Savimbi, Angolian leader of Unita
  • 1934 Rutger Kopland, [Rutger van den Hoofdakker], Dutch poet
  • 1937 Jacobus H "Koos" van de Merwe, South African attorney/CP parliament leader
  • 1938 Ellen Schrecker, American college professor, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1940 Karel Vachek, Czech director (Moravska Hellas, Elective Affinities), born in Tišnov, Czech Republic
  • 1941 Ted Strickland, American politician, Governor of Ohio (2007-2011), born in Lucasville, Ohio
  • 1942 David Russell Lange, PM (L) NZ (1984-89)
  • 1943 Michael J McCulley, Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS-34), born in San Diego, California
  • 1945 John Qace Hardbattle, political activist
  • 1948 James C Slattery, (Rep-D-Kansas, 1983- )
  • 1951 Lane Evans, (Rep-D-IL, 1983- )
  • 1952 Gábor Demszky, Hungarian politician (Mayor of Budapest, 1990-2010), born in Budapest, Hungary
  • 1955 Andrew M Allen, Captain USMC/astronaut (STS 46, 62, 75), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1955 Charles D "Sam" Gemar, Yankton SD, army/astronaut (STS 38, 48, 62)
  • 1955 Alberto Gonzales, American U.S. Attorney General
  • 1957 Robert E Andrews, (Rep-D-New Jersey)
  • 1957 Brooks D. Simpson, American historian
  • 1958 Allison Hedge Coke, American poet and writer
  • 1959 John Gormley, Irish politician
  • 1959 Laurence Anholt, British children's author, born in London, England
  • 1960 Bernard Rose, English director
  • 1960 Tim Winton, Australian author
  • 1960 José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Spanish politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1961 Barack Obama, 44th United States President (Democrat: 2009-17) and first African-American president, born in Honolulu, Hawaii

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 1963 Andrew Bartlett, Australian politician
  • 1964 Gary King, British radio presenter
  • 1965 Dennis Lehane, American crime writer
  • 1965 Fredrik Reinfeldt, Swedish politician

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1757 American revolution patriot Paul Revere (22) weds Sarah Orne in Bridgewater, Massachusetts

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere

HeartWedding of Interest

1847 Author of Moby-Dick, American novelist Herman Melville (28) marries Elizabeth Shaw, daughter of Chief Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville

HeartWedding of Interest

1853 Confederate general Thomas Jackson (29) weds Elinor Junkin in Lexington

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson

HeartWedding of Interest

1925 Economist John Maynard Keynes (42) weds ballerina Lydia Lopokova

HeartWedding of Interest

1967 Writer Jorge Luis Borges (67) weds old friend Elsa Astete Millán

  • 2006 Former Miss Ireland Andrea Roche (30) weds PJ Mansfield at Church of The Nativity of the Blessed Mary in Saggart Village, Dublin

Deaths in History

  • 1060 Henry I, King of France (1027-60), dies at 52
  • 1113 Gertrude of Saxony (b. 1030)
  • 1204 Boniface of Montferrat, margrave of Montferrat, murdered
  • 1265 Simon de Montfort the younger, English Earl of Leicester, dies in battle
  • 1265 Hugh le Despencer, 1st Baron le Despencer, killed in the Battle of Evesham (b. 1223)
  • 1289 Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, King of Hungary (1301-05) and King of Bohemia and Poland (1305-06), murdered at 16
  • 1306 Wenceslaus III of Bohemia (b. 1289)
  • 1338 Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward I of England (b. 1300)
  • 1430 Philip of Saint-Pol, duke of Brabant/Limburg, dies at 26
  • 1476 Jacob van Armagnac-Pardiac, French duke of Nemours, beheaded
  • 1526 Juan Sebastian Cano, Spanish explorer, dies
  • 1566 Girolamo della Robbia, Italian sculptor (Majolica relief), dies
  • 1578 Sebastiaan, King of Portugal (1557-78), dies in battle at about 24
  • 1578 Thomas Stucley, English adventurer
  • 1584 John van Hembyze, South Netherlands Calvinist, dies at 71
  • 1598 William Cecil 1st baron Burghley, English premier, dies at 77
  • 1612 Hugh Broughton, English scholar (b. 1549)
  • 1633 George Abbott, English theologist and the Archbishop of Canterbury (1611-1633), dies at 60
  • 1639 Juan R Alarcon y Mendoza, Mexican/Spanish playwright, dies at 58
  • 1666 Johan Evertsen, ltalian admiral of Zeeland, lynched in Brielle
  • 1718 René Lepage de Ste-Claire, lord-founder of the town of Rimouski, in New France (b. 1656)
  • 1727 Victor-Maurice, comte de Broglie, French general (b. 1647)
  • 1741 Andrew Hamilton, American lawyer
  • 1778 Pierre de Rigaud, French colonial governor in North America (b. 1698)
  • 1795 Timothy Ruggles, American-born Tory politician (b. 1711)
  • 1821 William Floyd, US soldier (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 86
  • 1844 Jakob Aall, Norwegian journalist and statesman, dies at 71
  • 1859 Jean Vianney, French parish priest (b. 1786)
  • 1873 Viktor Hartmann, Russian painter (b. 1834)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1875 Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author of 150 fairy tales (The Ugly Duckling, The Snow Queen), dies at 70

  • 1891 George Washington Williams, historian (History of Negro), dies at 41
  • 1900 Isaac Levitan, Russian classical painter, dies at 39
  • 1914 Jules Lemaître, French critic and dramatist (b. 1853)
  • 1915 Richard Kiepert, German cartographer (Africa), dies at 68
  • 1922 Enver Pasa, Turkish politician, dies at 40
  • 1925 Alfons Van de Perre, Flemish physician, dies
  • 1927 John Dillon, Irish nationalist/British Lower house leader, dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1931 Daniel Williams, American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart surgery, dies at 73

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1938 L H Perquin, Dutch radio announcer, dies at 73
  • 1938 Rudolf G Binding, German poet/writer, dies at 70
  • 1940 Vladimir Jabotinsky, founder of Revisionist Zionism, dies
  • 1957 Washington Luís, President of Brazil (1926-30), dies at 87
  • 1958 Ethel Anderson, Australian poet (b. 1883)
  • 1976 Enrique Angelelli, Argentine bishop
  • 1976 Roy Herbert Thomson, Canadian publisher (b. 1894)
  • 1977 Emil Bloch, German philosopher (Principle Hope, Traces), dies at 92
  • 1982 Bruce Goff, American Architect (b. 1904)
  • 1991 Nikiforos Vrettakos, Greek poet (Hodyne), dies at 80
  • 1992 Frantisek Tomasek, archbishop of Prague/cardinal, dies at 93
  • 1992 Ralph Cooper, creator (Amateur Night at the Apollo), dies of cancer
  • 1994 Giovanni Spadolini, Italian historian/journalist, dies at 69
  • 1994 Richard Du Cann, lawyer QC, dies at 65
  • 1994 Sol Adler, economist Sinophile, dies at 85
  • 1995 James Howard Marshall II, American businessman, attorney and government official, dies at 90
  • 1995 J. Howard Marshall [James Howard Marshall II), American businessman and husband of Anna Nicole Smith, dies at 90
  • 1996 Geoff Hamilton, gardner/journalist, dies at 59
  • 1997 Jeanne Calment, world's oldest person (Feb 21 1875), dies at 122
  • 1998 Yuri Artyukhin, Russian cosmonaut (b. 1930)
  • 2002 Holly Wells and Jessica Chapman, Soham murder victims, murdered by Ian Kevin Huntley at 10
  • 2003 Frederick Chapman Robbins, American pediatrician and virologist and Nobel Prize laureate 1954, dies at 86
  • 2004 Sir Kenneth Couzens, British Deputy Chairman of British Coal and significant figure during Miners Strike, dies at 79
  • 2005 Anatoly Larkin, Russian American physicist (b. 1932)