On This Day in History for August 5

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 143

  • 135 Betar last outpost of Bar Kochba falls to Rome
  • 642 Battle of Maserfield - Penda of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald of Bernicia
  • 910 The last major Viking army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward and Earl Aethelred.
  • 1071 Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes captured/Islam advances through Europe
  • 1100 Henry I is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey
  • 1264 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Arnstadt Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1305 William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.

Scottish nobleman William Wallace
Scottish nobleman
William Wallace
  • 1388 Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England.
  • 1391 Castilian sailors fire attack Jewish ghetto of Barcelona, 100's killed
  • 1399 Battle at Worskla: Tataren beat Russians & Litouwers
  • 1420 Duke John VI of Bavaria visits Dutch mystic Lidwina (Christ's bride)

BattleBattle of Interest

1435 Battle at Ponza: king Alfonso V of Aragon captured by Genuezen

  • 1543 French & Turkish troops occupy Nice
  • 1583 Humphrey Gilbert claims Newfoundland for the British crown - first English colony in North America and the beginning of the British Empire
  • 1587 Spanish troops conquer Lock
  • 1654 French troops occupy Stenay
  • 1666 English fleet beats Dutch under Michiel de Ruyter
  • 1667 State of Holland obtain Eternal Edict
  • 1689 1,500 Iroquois attack the village of Lachine, in New France.
  • 1716 Battle of Petrovaradin/Peterwardein: Habsburgs under Eugene of Savoy defeat the Turks in a decisive victory
  • 1745 Jacobite Rising 1745: Jacobite forces capture British company of troops under Captain Scott
  • 1763 Pontiac's War: Battle of Bushy Run - British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac's Indians at Bushy Run.
  • 1772 1st Partition of Poland between Austria, Prussia and Russia is made public
  • 1775 1st Spanish ship, San Carlos, enters San Francisco Bay
  • 1781 Battle of Dogger Bank (Fourth Anglo-Dutch War): a British strategic victory, although both sides claimed to have won

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 War of 1812: Tecumseh's Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat.

Native American Leader of the Shawnee Tecumseh
Native American Leader of the Shawnee
  • 1837 1st ascent of Mt Marcy (5,344') highest in Adirondack, NY
  • 1846 Oregon territory divided between US & Britain at 49th parallel
  • 1858 Cyrus W Field completes 1st transatlantic telegraph cable
  • 1860 Carl IV of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway in Trondheim
  • 1861 Union enlistment increases from 3 months to 2 years
  • 1861 Naval Engagement at Fernandina, FL-USS Vincennes ends rebel blockade
  • 1861 US Army abolishes flogging
  • 1861 US levies its 1st Income Tax (3% of incomes over $800)
  • 1862 Battle of Baton Rouge, LA

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1864 Battle of Mobile Bay, won by the Union Army led by Rear Admiral Farragut with the cry "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!" (US Civil War)

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • 1864 Spectrum of a comet observed for 1st time, by Giovanni Donati
  • 1874 Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in England.
  • 1882 Martial law is imposed in Japan.
  • 1882 Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.
  • 1884 Cornerstone for Statue of Liberty laid on Bedloe's Island (NYC)
  • 1890 British & French accord to divide African colonization
  • 1891 world's 1st traveler's cheques issued (American Express)
  • 1900 In Russia, anti-Jewish riots spread from Odessa into other parts of the country

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 First meeting of the Russian and Japanese peace commissioners takes place in US President Theodore Roosevelt's home at Oyster Bay, New York

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1912 Japan's first taxicab service begins in Ginza, Tokyo.
  • 1914 1st electric traffic light installed in the USA on the corner of East 105th Street and Euclid Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1914 Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico & Argentina proclaim neutrality in WW I
  • 1914 Dutch Cort Van de Linden government issues silver bonds as money
  • 1914 Massive German assault on forts around Liège
  • 1914 Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I

  • 1914 US and Nicaragua sign treaty granting canal rights to US
  • 1914 Westerschelde leaves due to German invasion in Belgium
  • 1915 Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
  • 1915 The Latin-American Conference Convenes in Washington, with representatives from leading South American nations joining the US to discuss conditions in Mexico
  • 1917 British troops attack canal of Ypres in Boesinghe, Belgium
  • 1917 The entire US National Guard is taken into national service, subject to presidential rather than state control
  • 1921 Treaty of Berlin: US & Germany sign separate peace treaty
  • 1923 1st American to swim English Channel (Henry Sullivan)
  • 1924 Comic strip "Little Orphan Annie" by Harold Gray debuts
  • 1924 "Little Orphan Annie" comic strip by Harold Gray is 1st published in the New York Daily News
  • 1925 Plaid Cymru is formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language, which is in danger of dying out.
  • 1926 French & German trade agreement signed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Houdini stays in a coffin under water for 1½ hrs before escaping

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1931 Det Tiger Tommy Bridges perfect game is broken up with 2 outs in 9th

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Clyde Barrow and two associates kill Sheriff C.G. Maxwell and his deputy, Eugene C. Moore, the first time the Barrow gang killed a lawman

Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
  • 1940 "Acquaintance" blows-up Zandvoortse synagouge
  • 1942 British government cancels agreement of Munich
  • 1942 German troops cross Kuban River
  • 1943 Sicily: 3 US A-36's bomb British headquarter
  • 1943 Soviet forces reconquer Orel & Bjelgorod
  • 1943 World War II: at around 11 A.M during the Battle of Troina, Mount Etna erupts sending ash and lava miles into the sky.
  • 1944 US 79th/90th division occupy Laval/Mayenne
  • 1944 US troops occupy Vannes, Brittany
  • 1944 German forces begin the mass killing of between 40,000 and 50,000 Polish civilians in the Wola district of Warsaw during the uprising
  • 1947 Netherlands ceases political action in Indonesia, due to UN pressure
  • 1949 6.75 Earthquake hits Quito; about 6,000 die
  • 1951 Armed uprising in Ambonezen Camp Middelburg
  • 1953 Operation "Big Switch"; Korean War prisoner exchanged at Panmunjom
  • 1955 After playing 274 straight games at 2nd base, Nellie Fox is given a day off he comes back next 798 consecutive games
  • 1957 Comic strip "Andy Capp" made its debut
  • 1957 WJZ-TV in Baltimore MD begins radio transmissions
  • 1958 Philip Kapleau, Zen teacher, 1st awakening under Yasutani Roshi
  • 1959 42.4 cm rainfall in Decatur Co, Iowa (state record)
  • 1960 Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) declares independence from France
  • 1960 Detroit trades manager Jimmy Dykes for Cleve's Joe Gordon
  • 1961 118°F (48°C), Ice Harbor Dam, Washington (state record)
  • 1962 1st quasar located by radio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Nelson Mandela arrested for incitement and for illegally leaving South Africa

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1962 UN command forbids flights to Katangese airports
  • 1963 Britain, USA & USSR sign nuclear test ban treaty
  • 1963 Craig Breedlove sets world auto speed record at 407.45 MPH
  • 1964 Congo rebellion: Christopher Gbenye/Pierre Mulele conquer Stanleyville
  • 1964 US begins bombing North Vietnam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Martin Luther King Jr. stoned during Chicago march

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1966 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1967 Bobby Gentry releases her only hit "Ode to Billy Joe"
  • 1967 Pirate Radio Station 333 (Radio Britain) & Radio London close down
  • 1969 Mariner 7 flies past Mars
  • 1969 Pirate Willie Stargell is 1st to hit a ball out of Dodger Stadium

Birthdays in History

  • 1301 Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician (d. 1330)
  • 1461 Alexander Jagiellon, Grand Duke of Lithuania (d. 1506)
  • 1540 Joseph Justice Scaliger, proposed Julian dating
  • 1604 John Eliot, "Apostle to Indians," Bible translator, baptized
  • 1624 William Tucker, Jamestown, Virginia, 1st child of African descent born in English America
  • 1641 John Hathorne, American magistrate (d. 1717)
  • 1662 James Anderson, Scottish historian (d. 1728)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1704 William Allen, Mayor of Philadelphia, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen
Mayor of Philadelphia
William Allen
  • 1711 Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist/philosopher/astronomer
  • 1749 Thomas Lynch, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1802 Niels H Abel, Norwegian mathematician (Abel's Comparisons)
  • 1813 Carnot Posey, Confederate brigadier general
  • 1813 Ivar A Aasen, Norwegian linguistic/poet
  • 1815 Edward J Eyre, British explorer/governor (Jamaica)
  • 1827 Deodoro da Fonseca, first President of Brazil (d. 1892)
  • 1828 WFAA Louisa/Lovisa, queen of Sweden/Norway/princess of Netherlands
  • 1829 Milo Smith Hascall, American banker, real estate executive, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Le Roy, New York (d. 1904)
  • 1833 Carola of Vasa, Queen consort of Saxony (d. 1907)
  • 1850 Guy de Maupassant, French author (Boule de Suif), born in Château de Miromesnil, France (d. 1893)
  • 1862 Joseph Merrick, "The Elephant Man", Leicester, England (d. 1890)
  • 1866 Carl Harries, German chemist (d. 1923)
  • 1872 Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (d. 1917)
  • 1876 Mary R Beard, historian (Woman as a Force in History), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1877 Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (d. 1917)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1881 Hugh S. Johnson, American head of the National Recovery Administration and member of FDR's Brain Trust, born in Fort Scott, Kansas (d. 1942)

Member of FDR's Brain Trust Hugh S. Johnson
Member of FDR's Brain Trust
Hugh S. Johnson
  • 1882 Joe English, Irish/Flemish signaler (WWI)
  • 1889 Conrad P Aiken, American Pulitzer poet/writer (Ushant/Conversation)
  • 1890 Naum Gabo, [Pevsner], Russian/US sculptor (Stillife Flower)
  • 1897 Aksel Larsen, Danish politician (d. 1972)
  • 1902 Irene Rice Pereira, Chelsea, Massachusetts, American abstract artist
  • 1904 Kenneth Thimann, botanist
  • 1906 Francis Walder, [Francois Waldburger], Belgian author
  • 1906 Wassely Leontief, Russ/US economist (Nobel 1973)
  • 1908 Harold Holt, PM of Australia (1966-67); supported US in Vietnam
  • 1910 Jacquetta Hawkes, English archaeologist/author (A Country), (d. 1996)
  • 1910 [Johan] Erik Lindegren, Swedish poet/librettist (Aniara)
  • 1912 Abbé Pierre, French Catholic priest (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Betty Oliphant, Canadian ballerina (d. 2004)
  • 1920 G V [Sonny] Montgomery, (Rep-D-Mississippi, 1967- )
  • 1920 Selma Diamond, comedienne (Selma-Night Court), born in London, Ontario
  • 1922 L. Tom Perry, LDS apostle
  • 1923 Richard Kleindienst, attorney general (1972)
  • 1923 Devan Nair, President of Singapore

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Neil Armstrong, American X-15 pilot and astronaut - 1st man on the Moon (Gemini 8, Apollo 11), born in Wapakoneta Ohio, (d. 2012)

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 1930 Michal Kováč, President of Slovakia
  • 1932 Sister Vince Otto, mental health activist
  • 1934 Wendell Berry, American poet, writer and farmer
  • 1939 Irene, Princess of Netherlands
  • 1941 Leonid Denissovich Kizim, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-3, T-10, T-15)
  • 1946 Ron Silliman, American poet
  • 1947 Greg Leskiw, Canadian rocker (The Guess Who), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1957 Andrei Yevgeniyevich Zaitsev, cosmonaut
  • 1957 Pavel V Vinogradov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-26)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1967 Reid Hoffman, American entrepreneur (co-founder of LinkedIn), born in Stanford, California

Co-founder of LinkedIn Reid Hoffman
Co-founder of LinkedIn
Reid Hoffman
  • 1968 Funkmaster Flex, American hip hop DJ

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1968 Marine Le Pen, French politician (President of the National Front Party), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine

President of the National Front Party Marine Le Pen
President of the National Front Party
Marine Le Pen
  • 1973 Sean Sherk, American mixed martial artist
  • 1981 Rachel Scott, American murder victim (d. 1999)
  • 1981 Erik Guay, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1981 Cory Williams, American internet celebrity

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1764 Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II (17) weds queen Maria Luisa of Spain (18) in Innsbruck, Austria

Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold II

HeartWedding of Interest

1885 Author Arthur Conan Doyle (26) weds Louisa Hawkins

  • 2005 Bavaria's Prince Leopold's son Prince Manuel von Bayern (31) weds Prince Ludwig-Ferdinand's daughter Princess Anna of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg in Sweden

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1925 Turkish President Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (44) divorces wife Latife Hanim after 2 years of marriage

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Deaths in History

  • 882 King Louis III of France (b. 863)
  • 1063 Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, King of Gwynedd
  • 1157 Dirk VI, Count of Holland, dies
  • 1364 Emperor Kogon of Japan (b. 1313)
  • 1579 Stanislaus Hosius, Polish Catholic cardinal (b. 1504)
  • 1610 Alonso García de Ramón, Spanish soldier and twice Royal Governor of Chile
  • 1644 J Henry Alting, theologist (Statenvertaling), dies at 61
  • 1743 John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English statesman and writer (b. 1696)
  • 1778 Charles Clémencet, French historian (b. 1703)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1792 Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of Great Britain (Tory: 1770-82), "who lost America", dies at 60

British Prime Minister Frederick North
British Prime Minister
Frederick North
  • 1799 Richard Howe, British admiral (b. 1726)
  • 1834 Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp, Dutch count and Minister of Foreign affairs (1813-14), dies at 71
  • 1852 Frantisek L Celakovsky, Czech slavist/poet, dies at 53
  • 1862 Thomas Williams, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle at 47
  • 1864 Griffin A Stedman, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies in battle at 26
  • 1868 Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes, French archaeologist (b. 1788)
  • 1877 Gustavus, Crown Prince of Sweden, dies at 77
  • 1880 Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra, Austrian physician (b. 1816)
  • 1889 Willem Ruys J Dz, ship owner, dies at 80
  • 1895 Friedrich English, German textile manufacturer/marxist, dies
  • 1895 Freidrich Engels, German social philosopher (Communism), dies at 74
  • 1900 James Augustine Healy, African American Roman Catholic bishop, dies at 80
  • 1901 Victoria, Emperor of Germany/Queen of Prussia, dies at 60
  • 1923 Vatroslav Jagić, Croatian slavist (b. 1835)
  • 1929 Millicent Fawcett, British suffragist (b. 1847)
  • 1932 Israel Querido, writer (Jordan), dies
  • 1940 Frederick A Cook, American explorer, claimed to have 1st discovered North Pole, dies at 75
  • 1943 Adam Kuckhoff, German writer and resistance fighter, is executed during WWII at 55
  • 1946 Wilhelm Marx, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1863)
  • 1947 Joannes D M Cornelissen, historian (Johann de White), dies
  • 1950 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist/bio-chemistry, dies at 73
  • 1952 Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear scientist (b. 1917)
  • 1957 Heinrich O Wieland, German chemist (Nobel 1927), dies at 80
  • 1959 Edgar Guest, US poet/newspaperman, dies at 77

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1960 Arthur Meighen, 9th Prime Minister of Canada, dies at 86

9th Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen
9th Prime Minister of Canada
Arthur Meighen
  • 1961 Sidney Holland, Prime Minister of New Zealand (National: 1949-57), dies at 67
  • 1964 Moa Martinson, Swedish writer (My Mother Gets Married), dies at 73
  • 1972 Harry Hylton-Foster, Speaker of the British House of Commons (b. 1905)
  • 1976 Adrian Roland Holst, poet (Past the Roads), dies at 88
  • 1980 Harold Runnels, American politician (b. 1924)
  • 1984 R Hagelstange, writer, dies
  • 1985 Theodore Sturgeon, American sci-fi author (Hugo, It, Caviar), dies at 67
  • 1990 Herman Gooding, Suriname police-inspector, dies
  • 1991 Soichiro Hondo, CEO & founder (Honda), dies of liver cancer at 84
  • 1992 Robert Muldoon, premier NZ (1975-84)/President IMF, dies
  • 1994 Audrey Langford, sInging teacher, dies at 82
  • 1994 Clive Robertson Caldwell, British fighter pilot, dies at 84
  • 1995 Agha Hasan Abedi, banker, dies at 73
  • 1995 Anthony Barber Doncaster, bookseller, dies at 81
  • 1996 Abdulrahman Mohamed Babu, politician, dies at 72
  • 1996 Frank Ulrich Marcus, playwright/critic, dies at 68
  • 1997 Don Steele, LA radio personality (KRTH), dies of cancer at 61
  • 1998 Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian dictator (b. 1911)
  • 1998 Otto Kretschmer, German U-boat commander (b. 1912)
  • 2000 Otto Buchsbaum, writer and ecological activist (b. 1920)
  • 2001 Otema Allimadi, Prime Minister of Uganda (b. 1929)
  • 2002 Chick Hearn, American basketball announcer (b. 1916)
  • 2002 Franco Lucentini, Italian writer (b. 1920)
  • 2005 Raul Roco, Philippine senator (b. 1941)
  • 2006 Susan Butcher, American sled dog champion (b. 1954)
  • 2007 Florian Pittiş, Romanian artist (b. 1943)
  • 2007 Jean-Marie Lustiger, Cardinal of France
  • 2011 Andrzej Lepper, former Polish Deputy Prime Minister (b. 1954)
  • 2014 Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, 11th US Surgeon General (1969-73), dies at 87