On This Day in History for August 7

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 141

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

322 BC Battle of Crannon between Athens and Macedon following the death of Alexander the Great.

Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia Alexander the Great
Macedonian King and Conqueror of Persia
Alexander the Great
  • 626 Battle at Constantinople: Slavic/Persians/Avarenvloot defeated
  • 768 Stephen III [IV] begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 936 Otto I the Great becomes King of Germany
  • 1409 Council of Pisa closes
  • 1428 Valais witch trial proceedings begin in Valais Canton, Switzerland, first organized witch trials
  • 1461 Ming Dynasty Chinese military general Cao Qin stages a coup against the Tianshun Emperor
  • 1479 Battle of Guinegate: Emperor Maximilian I vs King Louis XI
  • 1485 Henry Tudor's (Henry VII to be) army lands in Milford Haven, South Wales

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1573 Francis Drake's fleet returns to Plymouth after a year spent raiding for Spanish treasure

Vice Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Vice Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • 1575 Spanish troops conquer Oudewater, almost all inhabitants died

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1606 Possible first performance of Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth, performed in the Great Hall at Hampton Court Palace for King James I.

Playwright William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare
King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1620 Johannes Kepler's mother arrested for witchcraft

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Johannes Kepler
  • 1620 Battle at Ponts-the-Ce, Poitou: French king Louis XIII beats his mother Marie de Medici
  • 1710 Sidney, 1st Earl of Godolphin resigns as English minister of Finance
  • 1714 The Battle of Gangut: the first important victory of the Russian Navy during the Great Northern War against Sweden
  • 1750 Slave uprising on Curacao
  • 1760 Ft Loudon, Tennessee surrenders to Cherokee Indians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1782 George Washington creates the Purple Heart medal (original name Badge of Military Merit) as commander of the Continental Army

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1789 US Congress creates Department of War & Lighthouse Service

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1802 Napoleon orders re-instatement of slavery on St Domingue (Haiti)

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814 Pope Pius VII reinstates the Society of Jesus (Jesuits)
  • 1819 Battle of Boyacá; Bolívar defeats Spanish in Colombia
  • 1820 1st potatoes planted in Hawaii
  • 1864 Battle of Moorefield, WV
  • 1879 The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester.
  • 1882 Hatfields of south WV & McCoys of east Ky feud, 100 wounded or die
  • 1884 Germany annexes Angra Pequena (Southwest-Africa)
  • 1885 Five German warships anchor off Zanzibar
  • 1888 Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia patents revolving door
  • 1893 53rd Congress (1893-95) convenes
  • 1900 Diamond workers in Amsterdam strike
  • 1904 Train derailed on bridge in Eden Colo during a flash flood, kills 96
  • 1908 The first train to travel the length of New Zealand's North Island 'main trunk line', leaves Wellington
  • 1909 US issues 1st Lincoln penny

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1912 Progressive (Bull Moose) Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for US President

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1914 Engagement between British cruiser HMS Gloucester and German cruisers SMS Breslau and SMS Goeben off Greece
  • 1914 French government awards King Albert of Belgium the Great Cross
  • 1914 French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Altkitrch at Elzas
  • 1914 German army occupies city of Liege, Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Lord Kitchener says "Your country needs you" poster spreads over UK

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1914 Russia invades East Prussia
  • 1915 WWI: Assault against Russell's Top at Gallipolis, Turkey - 232 Australians are killed
  • 1915 St Louis 3rd base coach Miller Huggins, calls for ball Bkln rookie obliges, Huggins steps aside, & Card runner scores
  • 1925 League of Nation advises against Turk/Iraqi division of Mosoelgebied
  • 1927 Peace Bridge between US & Canada dedicated
  • 1927 US rum smuggler Horace Alderman kills 3
  • 1929 Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms Dutch government
  • 1929 Ruth ties record by hitting grand slams in consecutive games
  • 1930 A large mob estimated at 2,000 lynch two young black men, Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith in Marion, Indiana

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1930 Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King loses the election to Richard Bedford Bennett of the Conservative Party

11th Prime Minister of Canada Richard Bedford Bennett
11th Prime Minister of Canada
Richard Bedford Bennett
10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King

  • 1933 The Iraqi Government slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Sumail. The day becomes known as Assyrian Martyrs Day.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 US Court of Appeals upheld lower court ruling striking down government's attempt to ban controversial James Joyce novel "Ulysses"

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • 1935 60% of voters agrees to nazism in Danzig (Gdansk)
  • 1938 Nazis close theologic department of Innsbruck university

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Millionaire Howard Hughes is presented with a Congressional Gold Medal

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • 1940 Churchill recognizes De Gaulle's French government in exile
  • 1940 Largest amount paid for a stamp ($45,000 for 1 1856 British Guiana)
  • 1940 Alsace Lorraine is annexed by the Third Reich (Germany) during World War II
  • 1941 551 Jews are shot in Kishnev ghetto in Romania
  • 1942 1st American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Island
  • 1942 Dutch resistance bombs Rotterdam railway
  • 1942 Transport 16 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 Red Army recaptures Bogodukov
  • 1944 Anton de Kom arrested by Surinam resistance fighter
  • 1944 Canada/Polish offensive direction Falaise: Total Cooperation
  • 1944 German counter attack at Avranches fails
  • 1944 July 20th Plot trial under Roland Freis in Berlin begins
  • 1944 US 3rd Army reaches suburbs of Brest, Brittany
  • 1944 IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 1st US commemorative coin of an African American, Booker T. Washington (half dollar)

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • 1947 The Bombay Municipal Corporation formally takes over the Bombay Electric Supply and Transport (BEST).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Thor Heyerdahl and his crew of the Kon-Tiki crash into a reef in the Tuamotu Islands, French Polynesia after 101 days crossing the Pacific Ocean

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 1948 1st Dutch government of Beel resigns
  • 1950 Police bar white players-Lou Chirban, Stan Mierko, & Frank Dyle, from playing in Negro League
  • 1951 Douglas D-558-II Skyrocket reaches 1,992 kph
  • 1951 US Viking rocket reaches 210 km height (record)
  • 1953 Eastern Airlines enters jet age, uses Electra prop-jet
  • 1954 Charles Mahoney becomes 1st US black to serve as a full UN delegate
  • 1954 5th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games close in Vancouver, Canada
  • 1955 Bar-Ilan University founded in Israel
  • 1955 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, begins selling its first transistor radios in Japan
  • 1956 British government sends 3 aircraft carriers to Egypt
  • 1956 Dynamite transport explodes in Colombia; about 1200 die
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 Explorer 6 transmits 1st TV photo of Earth from space
  • 1959 The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the "sheaves of wheat" design
  • 1960 Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) gains independence from France
  • 1960 Students stage kneel-in demonstrations in Atlanta churches
  • 1961 Cosmonaut Gherman Titov circles Earth for a full day in Vostok 2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Soviet premier Khrushchev predicts USSR economy will surpass US

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Jacqueline Kennedy becomes 1st US First Lady to give birth (Patrick Kennedy) since Mrs Cleveland

  • 1964 Turkey begins air attack on Greek Cypriots
  • 1964 US Congress approves Gulf of Tonkin resolution

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1965 Lee Kuan Yew, Prime Minister of Singapore signs a separation agreement with Malaysia, after 2 years of political union

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • 1966 Race riot in Lansing Michigan
  • 1970 1st computer chess tournament
  • 1970 Christine Perfect (McVie) joins Fleetwood Mac
  • 1970 Shootout at Marin Courthouse in San Rafael, California, kills 4, including the presiding judge

Birthdays in History

  • 317 Flavius Julius Constantius II, Emperor Egypt/Byzantine/Rome (337-61)
  • 1282 Princess Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (d. 1316)
  • 1533 Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga, Basque soldier and poet (d. 1595)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1560 Elizabeth Báthory, Hungarian countess and serial killer, born in Nyírbátor, Hungary (d. 1614)

Most Prolific Female Serial Killer in History Elizabeth Báthory
Most Prolific Female Serial Killer in History
Elizabeth Báthory
  • 1574 Robert Dudley, styled Earl of Warwick, English writer (d. 1649)
  • 1598 Georg Stiernhielm, "father of Swedish poetry" (Hercules)
  • 1726 James Bowdoin, American Revolutionary leader and politician (d. 1790)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1742 Nathanael Greene, American military leader (major general during the American Revolutionary War), born in Potowomut, Rhode Island (d. 1786)

Military Leader Nathanael Greene
Military Leader
Nathanael Greene
  • 1746 Daniel W Wyttenbach, Dutch classical/historian
  • 1751 Wilhelmina FS, Princess of Prussia/Orange/wife of Willem V
  • 1779 Carl Ritter, co-founder of modern science of geography
  • 1779 Louis de Freycinet, French explorer (d. 1842)
  • 1783 John Heathcoat, inventor (lace-making machinery)
  • 1783 Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom (d. 1810)
  • 1826 Carl AE Ahlqvist, [A Oksanen], Finnish poet (Suomalainen Runousoppi)
  • 1829 Thomas Ewing Jr, American attorney, 1st chief justice of Kansas, congressman, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Lancaster, Ohio (d. 1896)
  • 1833 Powell Clayton, American politician, diplomat, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Delaware County, Pennsylvania (d. 1914)
  • 1836 Evander McIvor Law, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1920)
  • 1844 Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist (d. 1911)
  • 1860 Alan Leo, British astrologer (d. 1917)
  • 1862 Victoria of Baden, Queen of Sweden (d. 1931)
  • 1867 Emil Nolde, [Hansen], German painter/graphic artist
  • 1868 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician (d. 1931)
  • 1870 19 kittens, born to Tarawood Antigone (4 still born)
  • 1870 Jozef Brems, Flemish apostole (vicar of Denmark)
  • 1872 Andries C D de Graeff, governor-general of Neth Indies (1926-31)
  • 1880 Ernst Laqueur, chemist/pharmacology/psychology (sexual hormones)
  • 1883 Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher], German writer and artist, born in Wurzen, Saxony (d. 1934)
  • 1886 Louis Hazeltine, inventor (neutrodyne circuit, making radio possible)
  • 1887 Jan HA Eman, Aruban politician
  • 1897 Franz J Weinrich, [Heinrich Lerse], German writer (Himmlisches)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903 Louis Leakey, Kenyan paleoanthropologist and archaeologist (1964 Richard Hooper Medal), born in Kabete, Kenya (d. 1972)

Archaeologist and paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist and paleoanthropologist
Louis Leakey

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 Ralph Bunche, American diplomat to the UN (Nobel Peace Prize1950), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1971)

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • 1907 Albert Kotin, American abstract painter (d. 1980)
  • 1911 R Nicholas Ray, Galesville WI, director (Rebel Without a Cause)
  • 1918 Cees Buddingh', Dutch poet/writer/interpreter
  • 1919 John Hogan, Lowes, Kentucky, chemist (discovered methods of producing polypropylene), (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Jan Walravens, Flemish writer (Motionless at Sea)
  • 1921 M J bin Gorion, writer
  • 1925 M. S. Swaminathan, Indian scientist
  • 1926 Amo Houghton, (Rep-R-New York)
  • 1927 Edwin W Edwards, (Gov-La)
  • 1928 Amazing [James] Randi, skeptic magician (Nova), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1928 Herbert H Bateman, (Rep-R-Virginia)
  • 1929 James Pilditch, designer
  • 1929 Richard T Schulze, (Rep-R-PA, 1975- )
  • 1929 Ruth Carter-Stapleton, evangelist, born in Plains, Georgia
  • 1929 Jo Baer [Josephine Kleinberg], American painter and minimalist artist, born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1931 Charles E. Rice, American legal scholar and author
  • 1932 Maurice Rabb, Jr., American ophthalmologist
  • 1933 Jerry [Eugene] Pournelle, American sci-fi author (Mercenary, Red Dragon)
  • 1936 Richard L[ouis] Tierney, American sci-fi author (Winds of Zarr)
  • 1938 Helen Caldicott, Australian physician/anti-war activist, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1940 Tom Barlow, (Rep-D-Kentucky)
  • 1940 Jean-Luc Dehaene, Belgian Prime Minister (1992-99), born in Montpellier, France (d. 2014)
  • 1941 Thomas F Hartnett, (Rep-R-SC, 1981-86)
  • 1942 Garrison Keillor, Minn, PBS radio personality (Prairie Home Companion)
  • 1943 Alain Corneau, director (Choice of Arms)
  • 1944 Robert Mueller, American lawyer, FBI Director (2001-13) Special Counsel Russian Investigation (2017-), born in New York City
  • 1945 Kerry Chater, rocker (Gary Puckett & Union Gap-Young Girl)
  • 1946 Ed Seykota, American commodities and futures trader
  • 1947 Ann Beattie, American novelist and short story writer (Chilly Scenes of Winter), born in Washington D.C.
  • 1947 Mosibudi Mangena, South African black leader (On Your Own)
  • 1948 Marty Appel, American public relations executive and author
  • 1949 Walid Jumblatt, Lebanese political leader
  • 1953 Anne Fadiman, American writer; daughter of Clifton Fadiman
  • 1955 Vladimir Sorokin, Russian writer
  • 1955 Greg Nickels, mayor of Seattle
  • 1956 Kent V Rominger, Del Norte Colo, US Navy /astronaut (STS 73, 80, 85)
  • 1963 Patrick Kennedy, son of US President JFK (lives only 3 days)
  • 1964 John Birmingham, Australian author
  • 1966 Jimmy Wales, American internet entrepreneur and cofounder of Wikipedia, born in Huntsville, Alabama
  • 1977 Samantha Ronson, British DJ.
  • 1978 Alexandre Aja, French director
  • 1988 Melody Oliveria, American internet blogger
  • 1994 Jack Antonio, son of Virginia Madisen & Antonio Sabatto Jr

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1869 Inventor Ferdinand von Zeppelin (31) weds Isabella Freiin von Wolff from the house of Alt-Schwanenburg

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin

HeartWedding of Interest

1936 Animator William Hanna (26) weds Violet Blanch Wogatzke (23)

Animator William Hanna
William Hanna
  • 2010 "Dancing in the Dark" host Rossi Morreale (33) weds one half of identical twin country duo "Kate and Kacey" Kacey Coppola at the Grande Antigua Resort and Spa in Antigua

Deaths in History

  • 461 Majorian, Roman Emperor (assassinated) (b. 420)
  • 479 Emperor Yūryaku of Japan
  • 1033 Frederick II, duke of Upper Lorraine

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1106 Henry IV, Roman German king/emperor (1056/84-1105), dies at 54

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1485 Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, Scottish prince
  • 1547 Cajetanus van Thiene, Italian saint, dies
  • 1613 Thomas Fleming, English judge (b. 1544)
  • 1616 Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (Procurazie Nuove, Venice), dies
  • 1635 Friedrich von Spee, German writer (b. 1591)
  • 1639 Martin van den Hove, Dutch scientist (b. 1605)
  • 1657 Robert Blake, English admiral (Dover, Dungeness), dies at about 57
  • 1661 Jin Shengtan, Chinese editor, writer and critic (b. 1608)
  • 1799 John Bacon, English sculptor, dies at 58
  • 1816 Dionysius Godefridus van der Keessel, Dutch jurist (Theses Selectae, Select Theses on the Laws of Holland and Zeeland), dies at 77
  • 1817 Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, French industrialist (b. 1739)
  • 1834 Joseph Marie Jacquard, French weaver and inventor (b. 1752)
  • 1848 Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist (b. 1779)
  • 1855 Mariano Arista, President of Mexico (1851-53), dies at 53
  • 1864 Li Xiucheng, late Taiping's Field Marshal and soul person.(b. 1823)
  • 1885 Antony EJ Modderman, Dutch minister of Justice (1879-83), dies at 46
  • 1912 François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (b. 1841)
  • 1916 Charles E Manning, Australian judge/major, dies in battle at 36
  • 1917 Squadron Commander E.H. Dunning, first pilot to land his aircraft on a moving ship. (b. 1891)
  • 1921 Alexander A Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat), dies at 40
  • 1923 Hendrik Pierson, Dutch theologist (H Pierson Foundation), dies at 89
  • 1928 Alphonse MAJ Ariëns, Dutch RC pastor/social worker, dies at 68
  • 1938 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (S Method), dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941 Rabindranath Tagore, Indian philosopher, poet, writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1913), dies at 80

  • 1942 Richard Gott, British gen/commandant of 8th Army, dies in battle at 43
  • 1942 Janusz Korczak [Henryk Goldszmit], Polish-Jewish educator and pedagogue (ran an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto), is gassed at Treblinka extermination camp along with the residents of his orphanage at 64
  • 1943 Gustav Schmidt, German lt-general, dies in battle
  • 1962 Morris Louis, US painter (post painterly abstraction), dies at 49
  • 1970 Harold Haley, US judge, shot dead in courthouse shootout in San Rafael at 67
  • 1970 James McClain, US African American activist, shot dead
  • 1970 Jonathan Jackson, US African American activist, shot dead in a shootout at 17
  • 1970 William Christmas, US African American activist, shot dead
  • 1974 Rosario Castellanos, Mexican poet (b. 1925)
  • 1987 Camille Chamoun, president of Lebanon, dies at 87
  • 1987 Nobusuke Kishi, Prime Minister of Japan (1957-60), dies at 90
  • 1989 Mickey Leland, (Rep-D-Tx), & 15 others dies in plane crash in Ethiopia
  • 1991 Shapur Bahktiar, PM of Iran (1979), assassinated
  • 1993 Kelly Ahrendt, 1st NYer to die of rabies in 40 years, dies at 14
  • 1995 Brigid Brophy, novelist/campaigner, dies at 66
  • 1995 Tom Scott, poet/editor, dies at 77
  • 1996 Peter Winter, naval commander, dies at 78
  • 1997 Douglas Gray, archivist, dies at 74
  • 1997 Vincent Gulliver, Britain's oldest man, dies at 109
  • 2004 Red Adair, American oil field firefighter (b. 1915)
  • 2004 Colin Bibby, English ornithologist (b. 1948)
  • 2006 Mary Anderson Bain, American New Deal politician (b. 1911)
  • 2007 Hal Fishman, Los Angeles based local news anchor. (b. 1931)
  • 2007 Angus Tait, New Zealand electronics innovator and businessman (b. 1919)
  • 2008 Bernie Brillstein, American talent agent/manager and producer (b. 1931)
  • 2008 Andrea Pininfarina, CEO of Pininfarina S.p.A.
  • 2009 Louis E. Saavedra, American Mayor of Albuquerque, New Mexico (b. 1933)
  • 2011 Nancy Wake, New Zealand-born World War II secret agent (Special Operations Executive), dies at 98
  • 2011 Hugh Carey, American politician and attorney (Gov-D-NY), dies at 92
  • 2015 Frances Oldham Kelsey, Canadian-American FDA Director (stopped thalidomide use in the US), dies at 101
  • 2016 Edward Daly, Irish Bishop "Bloody Sunday" priest, dies at 82