On This Day

On This Day in History for August 9

Events in History

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

48 BC Caesar's civil war: Battle of Pharsalus - Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.

Roman Military Commander and Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Statesman
Julius Caesar
  • 378 Battle of Adrianople: Goth army defeats Roman forces under Emperor Valens
  • 681 Bulgaria is founded as a Khanate on the south bank of the Danube, after defeating the Byzantine armies of Emperor Constantine IV south of the Danube delta.
  • 1173 Construction of the Tower of Pisa begins, and it takes two centuries to complete
  • 1253 Clare of Assisi's rules confirmed by Pope Innocent IV for Clare's Order of Poor Ladies
  • 1329 Quilon the first Indian Diocese erected by Pope John XXII and Jordanus appointed the first Bishop
  • 1378 Cardinals declare pope Urbanus VI lawless (anti christian/devil)
  • 1483 Opening of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican
  • 1559 Willem of Orange becomes viceroy of Holland, Zealand and Utrecht
  • 1596 Henry van Cuyk becomes bishop of Roermond
  • 1638 Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes 1st European settler in Bronx

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1655 Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell divides England into 11 districts

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1666 Rear Admiral Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships in the Vlie estuary, and pillaging the town of West-Terschelling, an act later known as "Holmes's Bonfire".
  • 1673 Dutch under Admiral Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge recapture NY from English; regained by English in 1674
  • 1726 Netherlands signs Covenant of Hannover
  • 1757 English Fort William Henry, NY, surrenders to French & Indians troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778 Captain James Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering Straits

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1790 Robert Gray's Columbia Rediviva returns to Boston after 3 year journey, 1st American ship to circumnavigate the Globe
  • 1803 1st horses arrive in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1803 Robert Fulton tests his steam paddle-boat on the River Seine, France, but it sinks

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1810 Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1815 Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for exile on St Helena on board British ship the Northumberland
  • 1829 "Stourbridge Lion" locomotive goes into service

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1830 Louis-Philippe formally accepts crown of France, following abdication of Charles X

King of France Charles X
King of France
Charles X
  • 1831 1st US steam engine train run (Albany to Schenectady, NY)
  • 1841 Erie boat in Buffalo NY catches fire; 242 die
  • 1842 US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
  • 1848 Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1848 US Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • 1849 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1854 American transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau publishes "Walden"

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau
  • 1855 Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising
  • 1859 Otis Tufts patents the first passenger elevator in the US
  • 1862 Battle of Cedar Mountain [Slaughter's Mountain], fought in Culpeper County, Virginia, Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek, Tennessee - Union troops attack Confederate scouts
  • 1864 Siege of Fort Morgan, Alabama, by Union forces begins (Confederates surrender 23 August)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Henry Morton Stanley's party reaches Boma, Congo, after 999 days, losing half of the 228 members.

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1890 First 44 Javans arrive in Suriname to work 5 years on sugar plantations
  • 1893 1st US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in New York

InventionHistoric Invention

1898 Rudolf Diesel of Germany obtains patent #608,845 for his internal combustion engine, later known as the diesel engine

Mechanical Engineer Rudolf Diesel
Mechanical Engineer
Rudolf Diesel
  • 1901 34-35°N/98-99°W open for US colonization

CrownRoyal Coronation

1902 Edward VII of Great Britain crowned King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, succeeding his mother Queen Victoria

King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII
  • 1904 Libanus McLouth Todd of Rochester, New York patents his check-writing machine, the Protectograph designed to protect against check forgers
  • 1907 1st Boy Scout camp concludes at Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour, Southern England
  • 1910 Chicago resident Alva Fisher receives US patent for an electric washing machine
  • 1914 German U-15 was sunk by the British cruiser, H.M.S. Birmingham
  • 1915 British attack at Chanak Bair at Gallipoli during WWI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 British naval officer David Beatty is confirmed in the rank of vice-admiral

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1917 Canadian Parliament passes the Compulsory Military Act which is opposed by many French-Canadians from Québec
  • 1920 Bulgarian & allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • 1930 113°F (45°C) at Perryville, Tennessee (state record)
  • 1930 Percy Williams runs world record 100m (10.3 sec)
  • 1934 4th Women's World Games (track & field competition for women) is conducted over 3-days at the White City Stadium in London, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Winston Churchill reaches Newfoundland for talks with FDR

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 Vice-Adm Mikawa lands at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Mahatma Gandhi and 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" motion and campaign by the All-India Congress

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1943 Bertolt Brecht's play "Life of Galileo" premieres in Zurich
  • 1944 12 workers of Dutch illegal paper "Trouw" executed at Camp Vught
  • 1944 Smokey Bear debuts as spokesman for fire prevention for US Forest Service (named after NYC fireman Smokey Joe Martin)
  • 1944 US 79th/90th division enter Le Mans

JapanNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945 US drops second atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Nagasaki, Japan, destroying part of the city

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Mushroom cloud over Nagasaki
Mushroom cloud over Nagasaki
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  • 1950 Lusty Song riden by Delvin Miller wins the Hambletonian in Goshen, New York
  • 1951 Dutch Korea volunteers win US Collective Unit Citation
  • 1952 General strike against overtime conscription in Belgium
  • 1953 1st elected Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, Sheikh Abdullah dismissed by the Indian government and later arrested
  • 1956 1st state-wide state-supported educational TV network, Alabama
  • 1956 South African women demonstrate against pass laws
  • 1960 Race riot in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1961 James Benton Parsons is 1st African American to be nominated to a US Federal District Court
  • 1965 Fire in Titan II silo in Searcy, Arkansas, kills 53

SingaporeSingapore Leaves Malaysia

1965 Singapore separates from the Federation of Malaysia and gains its independence

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Front page of The Straits Times announcing Singapore Independence
Front page of The Straits Times announcing Singapore Independence
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  • 1967 Biafran offensive against Nigerian army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Yugoslav president Tito visits Prague

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1969 Manson family commits Tate-LaBianca murders
  • 1970 Peruvian Airlines LANSA Flight 502 explodes killing 101 people including 45 US exchange students
  • 1971 Operation Demetrius (or Internment) is introduced in Northern Ireland allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial; the security forces arrested 342 people suspected of supporting paramilitaries
  • 1972 There is widespread and severe rioting in Nationalist areas of Northern Ireland on the anniversary of the introduction of Internment
  • 1973 USSR launches Mars 7

USARichard Nixon's Resignation Letter

1974 Richard Nixon resigns as President of the United States and Vice President Gerald Ford swears the oath of office to take his place as the 38th US President

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The brief letter confirming Richard Nixon's resignation, per federal law it was addressed to Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger
The brief letter confirming Richard Nixon's resignation, per federal law it was addressed to Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger
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  • 1976 Clive Lloyd scores double-ton in 120 mins, WI v Glamorgan
  • 1976 USSR launches Luna 24, last Lunar flight to date from Earth
  • 1977 Chris Old completes a century in 37 mins, Yorks v Warwicks
  • 1977 Military-controlled Government of Uruguay announces the return to civilian rule through general elections in 1981 to democratically elect a President and Congress
  • 1978 USSR performs (underground) nuclear test
  • 1979 English seaside resort Brighton gets 1st British nude beach
  • 1980 Belgian constitution revised
  • 1981 Six English lifeguards set relay swim record English Channel (7:17)
  • 1981 NL beats AL 5-4 in 52nd All Star Game (Cleveland Stadium)
  • 1984 STS 41-D vehicle again moves out to launch pad
  • 1987 The National Union of Mineworkers begin South Africa's longest wage strike
  • 1988 Just 1 day after 8/8/88 NY's daily number is 888
  • 1990 12 Arab leaders agree to send pan-Arab forces to protect Saudi Arabia
  • 1990 Russian spacecraft Soyuz TM-10 launches
  • 1991 British radio show "On the Hour" debuts on BBC Radio 4 with first appearance of Alan Partridge character
  • 1992 Record temperature in Berlin-Dahlem 99.3°F (37.4°C)
  • 1993 King Albert II of Belgium, crowned
  • 1994 Stanley Betrian put in charge of Curacao
  • 1995 South Africa celebrates the first National Women's Day
  • 1997 Security guard Abner Louima, attacked by NYC police

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999 Russian President Boris Yeltsin fires his Prime Minister, Sergei Stepashin, and for the fourth time fires his entire cabinet.

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin

Birthdays in History

  • 1201 Arnold Fitz Thedmar, English chronicler of the mayors and sheriffs of London in 1188–1274, born in London (d. 1274, death reported 1275)
  • 1593 Izaak Walton, English biographer and author (The Compleat Angler), born in Stafford, England (d. 1683)
  • 1611 Henry II, Count of Nassau-Siegen (1611-23), born in Siegen (d. 1652)
  • 1653 John Oldham, English satirical poet, born in Shipton Moyne, Gloucestershire (d. 1683)
  • 1669 Yevdokiya Lopukhina, Tsarina of Russia, first wife of Peter I of Russia, born in Moscow (d. 1731)
  • 1674 František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect and builder, born in Prague (d. 1766)
  • 1677 Jacob Campo Weyerman, Dutch painter and writer active during the Dutch Enlightenment, born in Charleroi, Belgium (d. 1747)
  • 1696 Joseph Wenzel I, Prince of Liechtenstein and general, born in Prague (d. 1772)
  • 1722 Augustus William, Prince of Prussia, born in Stadtschloss, Berlin, Prussia (d. 1758)
  • 1726 Francesco Cetti, Italian Jesuit priest and scientist, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1778)
  • 1757 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (designed and constructed Menai Bridge, Wales in 1819-26), born in Eskdale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland (d. 1834)
  • 1758 Bruno Dalberg [Petrus the Wacker van Zon], Dutch writer and lawyer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1818)

Person of interestAmedeo Avogadro

1776 Amedeo Avogadro, Italian scientist who contributed to molecular theory, including what is known as Avogadro's law (6.022 x 10 ^ 23), born in Torino, Italy (d. 1856)

Scientist Amedeo Avogadro
Amedeo Avogadro

Person of interestVicente Guerrero

1782 Vicente Guerrero, Mexican revolutionary hero, general and 2nd President of Mexico (1829), born in Cuilapan, Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1831)

Revolutionary General and President of Mexico Vicente Guerrero
Revolutionary General and President of Mexico
Vicente Guerrero
  • 1783 Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia, daughter of Emperor Paul I of Russia, born in Tsarskoye Selo, Russian Empire (d. 1801)
  • 1797 Charles Robert Malden, British naval officer (discoverer of Malden Island, central Pacific), born in Putney, Surrey (d. 1855)
  • 1805 Joseph Locke, English railway and civil engineer, born in Attercliffe, Sheffield, Yorkshire (d. 1860)
  • 1808 William Thomas Ward, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Amelia County, Virginia (d. 1878)
  • 1819 William T. G. Morton, American dentist who first used ether as a surgical anaesthetic (HOF 1920), born in Charlton, Massachusetts (d. 1868)
  • 1819 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, born in Geneseo, New York (d. 1880)
  • 1823 Daniel M. Frost, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Duanesburg, New York (d. 1900)
  • 1824 Simon Goodell Griffin, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newark, Ohio (d. 1887)
  • 1825 Elisha P. Ferry, American politician (Governor of Washington, 1872-80, 1889-93), born in Monroe County, Michigan Territory (d. 1895)
  • 1845 Xavier Mellery, Belgian painter and illustrator, born in Laken, Belgium (d. 1921)
  • 1845 André Bessette, Canadian Roman Catholic religious figure, born in Mont-Saint-Grégoire, Quebec, Canada (d. 1937)
  • 1847 Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, Queen consort of Spain (1870-73), born in Paris (d. 1876)
  • 1872 Archduke Joseph August of Austria, Austrian field marshal, born in Alcsút, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1962)
  • 1887 Abraham Schierbeek, Dutch biologist (Swammerdam)
  • 1888 Hans Oster, German major general, spy and "July 20th" plotter, born in Dresden, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1890 Eino Kaila, Finnish psychologist and philosopher, born in Alajärvi, Finland (d. 1958)
  • 1896 Jean Piaget, Swiss pioneer developmental psychologist and zoologist, born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland (d. 1980)
  • 1896 Erich Hückel, German physicist and physical chemist, born in Berlin, German Empire (d. 1980)
  • 1897 Ralph Wyckoff, American scientist and pioneer of X-ray crystallography, born in Geneva, New York (d. 1994)
  • 1898 David de Jong, Dutch writer (Mutiny on the Canal)
  • 1899 Armand Salacrou, French playwright, born in Rouen, France (d. 1989)
  • 1899 P.L. [Pamela Lyndon] Travers, Australian British writer (Mary Poppins), born in Maryborough, Australia (d. 1996)
  • 1905 Elizabeth Lane, 1st female British supreme court justice, born in Bowden, Cheshire (d. 1988)
  • 1909 John Baur, American museum director and author (American Paintings in 19th Century), born in Woodbridge, Connecticut (d. 1987)
  • 1909 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer and diplomat, born in Potsdam, Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1910 Robert van Gulik, Dutch diplomat and writer (Judge Dee), born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1967)
  • 1911 William Fowler, American astrophysicist (Nobel 1983), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Herman Talmadge, American politician (70th Governor of Georgia), born in McRae, Georgia (d. 2002)
  • 1914 Gordon Cullen, English architect (Townscape), born in Calverley (d. 1994)

Person of interestTove Jansson

1914 Tove Jansson, Finnish author and illustrator (Moomins), born in Helsinki, Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire (d. 2001)

Author and Illustrator Tove Jansson
Author and Illustrator
Tove Jansson
  • 1919 Joop [Johannes] den Uyl, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (PVDA, 1973-77), born in Hilversum, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • 1920 Enzo Biagi, Italian journalist and writer, born in Lizzano in Belvedere, Italy (d. 2007)
  • 1921 J. James Exon, American Democratic politician (33rd Governor of Nebraska), born in Geddes, South Dakota (d. 2005)
  • 1921 Ernest Angley, American Christian televangelist, born in Gastonia, North Carolina
  • 1922 Philip Larkin, English poet and writer (North Ship, Jill), born in Radford, Coventry, Warwickshire, England (d. 1985)
  • 1923 Gerrit Kouwenaar, Dutch journalist and poet, born in Amsterdam (d. 2014)
  • 1925 David A. Huffman, American computer scientist, creator of Huffman coding, born in Ohio (d. 1999)
  • 1927 Marvin Minsky, American artificial intelligence computer scientist (MIT), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Daniel Keyes, American author (Flowers for Algernon), born in Boca Raton, Florida (d. 2014)
  • 1931 Mark Weinberg, South African-British financier and multi-millionaire, born in South Africa
  • 1932 John Gomery, Canadian jurist, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1934 Yves Coppens, French anthropologist, born in Vannes, France
  • 1938 Leonid Kuchma, 2nd President of Ukraine (1994-2005) and 2nd Prime Minister of Ukraine (1992-93), born in Chaikyne, Ukraine
  • 1939 Tony Budge, English contractor/tank maker/multi-millionaire
  • 1943 Lorenzo Sanz, Spanish businessman and football executive (president Real Madrid 1995-2000; owner Málaga CF), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 2020)
  • 1944 Gerrit Jan Wolffensperger, Dutch politician (D66)
  • 1945 Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist (Gemma Bovery), born in Berkshire, England
  • 1949 Jonathan Kellerman, American writer (Alex Delaware novels), born in New York City

Person of interestChris Haney

1950 Chris Haney, Canadian journalist who created the board game "Trivial Pursuit", born in Welland, Ontario (d. 2010)

Co-creator of Trivial Pursuit Chris Haney
Co-creator of Trivial Pursuit
Chris Haney
  • 1952 Vicki Morgan, American mistress (Beautiful Bad Girl), born in Colorado Springs, Colorado (d. 1983)
  • 1952 Prateep Ungsongtham Hata, Thai politician and activist, born in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 1955 John E. Sweeney, American politician (Rep-R-NY 1999-2007), born in Troy, New York
  • 1959 Michael Kors, American fashion designer and Project Runway judge, born in Long Island, New York

Person of interestJohn Key

1961 John Key, New Zealand politician, Prime Minister (2008-2016), born in Auckland, New Zealand

New Zealand Prime Minister John Key
New Zealand Prime Minister
John Key
  • 1962 Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, German politician, Leader of Christian Democratic Union (2018-), born in Völklingen, West Germany
  • 1962 Yinka Shonibare, British Nigerian artist (Nelson's Ship in a Bottle), born in London, England
  • 1964 Hoda Kotb, American television news anchor (Dateline NBC), born in Norman, Oklahoma
  • 1969 Divine Brown [Estelle Marie Thompson], American prostitute (Hugh Grant), born in Oakland, California
  • 1971 James Kim, American technology reporter, who died in the Oregon mountains at 35
  • 1976 Aled Haydn Jones, Welsh radio producer (head of BBC Radio One), born in Aberystwyth, Wales
  • 1984 Saori Horii, Japanese gravure idol, born in Tokyo, Japan

Weddings in History

  • 1832 King Leopold I of Belgium marries Louisa Maria

LoveWedding of Interest

1968 Detective writer Erle Stanley Gardner (79) weds his long-time secretary Agnes Jean Bethell

Detective Writer Erle Stanley Gardner
Detective Writer
Erle Stanley Gardner

Deaths in History

Person of interestTrajan

117 Trajan, Roman Emperor (98-117 AD) who rebuilt Rome and expanded the empire, dies from edema at 63

Roman Emperor Trajan
Roman Emperor
  • 378 Flavius Valens, emperor of Byzantium (364-78), dies in the Battle of Adrianople at 50
  • 803 Irene, Byzantine Empress and wife of Emperor Leo IV, dies
  • 1048 Pope Damasus II [Poppo] dies in Rome, after reigning for only 23 days
  • 1107 Emperor Horikawa of Japan (b. 1079)
  • 1173 Najm ad-Din Ayyub, Kurdish soldier and father of Saladin (1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria), dies after a horse riding accident
  • 1250 King Eric IV of Denmark (1241-1250), beheaded after being betrayed by his brother (b. 1216)
  • 1420 Pierre d'ailly [Peter de Alliaco], French theologist and cardinal, dies
  • 1516 Hieronymus Bosch, Dutch painter (Garden of Earthly Delights), dies at 66
  • 1534 Cardinal Cajetan, Italian theologian (b. 1470)
  • 1601 Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1558)
  • 1634 Pieter de Jode I, Flemish publisher of engravings, dies (b. 1573)
  • 1634 William Noy, English jurist (b. 1577)
  • 1652 John Dirksz Both, Dutch landscape painter and etcher, dies at about 37
  • 1668 Francois Anguier, French sculptor, dies at about 64
  • 1720 Simon Ockley, English orientalist (b. 1678)
  • 1738 Pierre Drevet, French engraver, dies at 75
  • 1744 James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, English patron of the arts (George Frideric Handel) (b. 1673)
  • 1763 John Althuysen, Fries vicar and poet (Frysk Jierboek), dies at 47
  • 1816 Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer, dies at 44
  • 1828 Friedrich Bouterwek, German philosopher and critic, dies at 62
  • 1837 Xavier Sigalon, French painter (b. 1787)
  • 1848 Frederick Marryat, English captain and author (Mr Midshipman Easy), dies
  • 1854 Frederik Augustus II, king of Saxon (1836-54), dies at 57
  • 1862 Joseph Bennett Plummer, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 42 or 46
  • 1862 Charles S. Winder, Confederate General killed at the Battle of Cedar Mountain Virginia, at 32
  • 1886 Samuel Ferguson, Northern Irish poet and artist (b. 1810)
  • 1888 Charles Cros, French inventor and poet (Le Hareng Saur), dies at 45
  • 1892 Matthias de Vries, Dutch linguist (spelling), dies at 71
  • 1896 Otto Lilenthal, German aircraft pioneer, killed during a glider test at 48
  • 1897 Samuel McGowan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 77
  • 1898 Gardner Quincy Colton, American lecturer who was the first to use nitrous oxide as an anesthetic in dentistry, dies at 84
  • 1899 Edward Frankland, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence, dies on holiday in Norway at 74
  • 1902 Moritz Szeps, Austrian journalist and newspaper publisher, dies at 66
  • 1904 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), dies at 59
  • 1910 Huo Yuanjia, Chinese martial artist (mizongy), dies at 42
  • 1911 John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing, dies following an unsuccessful operation to remove a throat tumor at 56
  • 1915 Henry Longbottom, English lieutenant, dies in battle
  • 1916 Lily Braun, German feminist and socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen), dies at 51
  • 1919 Ernst Haeckel, German biologist (Causes of Evolution) and philosopher (Social Darwinism), dies at 85
  • 1924 Jacob P Vis, Dutch founder (NV Royal Salt Industries), dies at 66
  • 1928 Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden (1907-18), dies at 71
  • 1929 Heinrich Zille, German cartoonist (Simplicissimus), dies at 71
  • 1932 John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician and founder of the Fields Medal, dies after a three-month illness at 69
  • 1938 Leo Frobenius, German ethnologist and archaeologist (African cultures), dies at 65
  • 1942 Edith Stein, German philosopher and Discalced Carmelite nun (St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross), dies at 50 [1]
  • 1949 Edward Thorndike, American psychologist (father of modern educational psychology), dies at 74
  • 1957 Carl Clauberg, Nazi doctor (b. 1898)
  • 1960 Bernard Ogilvie Dodge, American botanist and pioneer researcher on heredity in fungi, dies at 88
  • 1961 Walter Bedell Smith, U.S. Army general (WWII) and head of CIA (1950-52), dies at 75

Person of interestHermann Hesse

1962 Hermann Hesse, German-Swiss novelist and poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel Prize for Literature 1946), dies at 85

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • 1962 Lowell Stockman, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Oregon, dies at 61
  • 1969 Abigail Folger, American coffee magnate (Folgers), murdered by the Manson family at 25
  • 1969 Voyteck Freykowski, Polish writer, murdered by the Manson family at 32
  • 1969 Jay Sebring, American hair stylist, murdered by Manson family at 35
  • 1969 Steven Parent, American student, murdered by the Manson family at 18

Person of interestCecil Frank Powell

1969 Cecil Frank Powell, English physicist who discovered pion (pi-meson), a subatomic particle (Nobel 1950), dies at 65

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Cecil Frank Powell
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Cecil Frank Powell
  • 1972 Ernst von Salomon, German writer (Kette Der Tausend Kraniche), dies at 69
  • 1973 Dean Corll, American serial killer (Houston mass murders), fatally shot by an accomplice at 33
  • 1976 Jose Lezama Lima, Cuban poet/novelist, dies at 65
  • 1978 James Gould Cozzens, American novelist (1949 Pulitzer-Guard of Honor), dies at 74
  • 1978 Johan Daisne [Thiery], Belgian writer (Lago Maggiore), dies at 66
  • 1979 Raymond Washington, American gangster, founder of Los Angeles gang the Crips, murdered in drive-by shooting at 25
  • 1980 Oleg Grigoryevich Kononenko, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 41
  • 1986 Joseph "Poeske" Scherens, Belgian cyclist, dies at 77
  • 1987 Kees de Galan, Dutch economist, dies at 55
  • 1992 Christopher Todd [Todd Wangberg], American performer, dies of AIDS at 30
  • 1992 Jan van Baal, Dutch anthropologist and governor of Dutch New Guinea, dies (b. 1909)
  • 1992 Patrick Devlin, English judge and legal philosopher, dies at 86
  • 1992 Thomas J. McIntyre, American politician (Sen-NH, 1963-79), dies at 77
  • 1994 Mien van 't Sant, Dutch author, dies at 93
  • 1994 Toby Rowland, American theatrical manager, dies at 77
  • 1995 Willem Noordhoek, Dutch photographer, dies at 78
  • 1996 Sir Frank Whittle, English RAF engineer air officer and inventor of the turbojet engine, dies at 89
  • 1996 James Whitman McLamore, American businessman and 1st CEO of Burger King who created The Whopper, dies at 70
  • 1996 Kenneth Fleetwood, English fashion designer (Hardy Amies, dressed Queen Elizabeth II), dies at 65
  • 1996 Ruth Holland, British journalist (BMJ), dies in the Watford rail crash at 54
  • 2000 Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian politician and leader of Egypt's Wafd Party, dies at 88
  • 2000 John Harsanyi, Hungarian-born economist (1994 Nobel Prize for Economics for game theory), dies at 80
  • 2002 Peter Neville, British anarchist, sociologist, and peace activist, dies at 69
  • 2004 Robert Lecourt, French politician and president of the European Court of Justice (b. 1908)
  • 2005 Judith Rossner, American novelist (Looking for Mr Goodbar), dies at 70
  • 2006 James van Allen, American physicist (discovered Van Allen radiation belts), dies at 91
  • 2006 Philip E. High, English sci-fi author, dies at 92
  • 2007 Joe O'Donnell, American documentary photographer and photojournalist, dies at 85
  • 2007 Tetsuzo Akutsu, Japanese surgeon who built the first artificial heart, dies at 84
  • 2008 Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian prominent poet and writer, dies at 66
  • 2010 Ted Stevens, American politician (U.S. Senator from Alaska, 1968-2009), dies at 86
  • 2014 Michael Brown, American shooting victim whose death provoked nationwide protests and civil unrest, shot dead by white Ferguson police officer Darren Wilson at 18
  • 2014 Edwin "Ed" Nelson, American actor (Peyton Place, A Long Came a Spider), dies of heart failure at 85
  • 2015 David Nobbs, English comedic writer (The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin), dies at 80
  • 2016 Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, British peer and its 3rd richest Britain, dies at 64
  • 2016 Bob Kiley, American public transit specialist (New York, London), dies at 80
  • 2017 Al McCandless, American Republican politician (Rep-R-CA 1983-95), dies at 90