On This Day

On This Day in History for December 10

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 186

  • 741 Pope Zachary elected
  • 1041 Michael IV, Paphlagonicus, Byzantium Emperor dies of results of dropsy. His wife Empress Zoe elevates her adoptive son to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael V.
  • 1294 Pope Coelestinus V becomes Pope (until Dec 13th)
  • 1508 League of the kingdom signed (covenant against Venice)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1510 Muslim ruler of Goa, Yusuf Adil Shah and his Ottoman allies surrender to Portuguese forces led by Afonso de Albuquerque who puts the Muslim population to the sword

Admiral and Duke of Goa Afonso de Albuquerque
Admiral and Duke of Goa
Afonso de Albuquerque

Papal VisitThe Protestant Reformation

1520 Martin Luther publicly burns papal edict demanding he recant
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1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe
1517 copy of Martin Luther's 95 theses, the publication of which began the Protestant Reformation in Europe

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1582 France begins use of Gregorian calendar
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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
  • 1652 Sea battle at Dungeness: lt-admiral Maarten Tromp beats English fleet
  • 1672 New York Governor Lovelace announces monthly mail service between New York & Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1684 Isaac Newton's derivation of Kepler's laws from his theory of gravity, contained in the paper De motu corporum in gyrum, is read to the Royal Society by Edmond Halley

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1688 King James II flees London
  • 1690 Massachusetts Bay becomes first American colonial government to issue paper money

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1718 Laurence Eusden is appointed British Poet Laureate under George I

King George I
King
George I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army reaches Manchester

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1768 First part (number) of the Encyclopedia Britannica published in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1799 Metric system first adopted in France

  • 1816 Dutch regain Sumatra from the British
  • 1817 Mississippi admitted as 20th state of the Union
  • 1836 Emory College (now Emory University) is chartered in Oxford, Georgia.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 General Sherman's armies reach Savannah & 12 day siege begins

  • 1869 Women suffrage (right to vote) granted in Wyoming Territory (US 1st)
  • 1869 The first American chapter of Kappa Sigma is founded at the University of Virginia.
  • 1882 Johannes Brahms' "Gesang der Parzen" (Song of the Fates) premieres

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1884 "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" by Mark Twain is first published in the UK and Canada (US Feb 1885, due to printing error)

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain
  • 1887 Austria-Hungary, Italy and Great Britain sign Balkan military treaty
  • 1896 Alfred Jarry's "Ubu Roi" premieres in Paris

Spain Declares War Against the United StatesSpain Declares War Against the United States

1898 Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish-American War is signed by US President McKinley; US acquires Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam
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Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
  • 1898 The first western pilgrims were welcomed at The House of `Abdu'lláh Páshá
  • 1899 -15] British "Black Week" due to defeats in South Africa
  • 1899 Battle at Storm Berge South Africa - Boers vs British army
  • 1899 Frank Wedekind's "Der Kammersänger" premieres in Berlin
  • 1899 The Delta Sigma Phi fraternity is founded at the City College of New York.

Explosive Background to the Nobel PrizeExplosive Background to the Nobel Prize

1901 First Nobel Peace Prizes awarded to Red Cross founder Jean Henri Dunant and peace activist Frederic Passy
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Bob Dylan performing in 2012. He said he was surprised to be listed alongside Ernest Hemingway and Albert Camus
Bob Dylan performing in 2012. He said he was surprised to be listed alongside Ernest Hemingway and Albert Camus

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1901 First Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to Wilhelm Röntgen for his discovery of X-rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • 1902 Women are given the right to vote in Tasmania.

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1902 German organic chemist Emil Fischer is award the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on sugar and purine syntheses

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Emil Fischer
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Emil Fischer

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1903 Nobel Prize for physics awarded to Pierre and Marie Curie for their study of spontaneous radiation

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie
  • 1904 King Peter I of Serbia named nationalist regime

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1904 Ivan Pavlov awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for work on the physiology of digestion, first Russian to win a Nobel Prize

Physiologist Ivan Pavlov
Physiologist
Ivan Pavlov
  • 1904 Founding of Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity.

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1904 John William Strutt [Lord Rayleigh] and William Ramsay are presented with the Nobel Prize for Physics for their discovery of Argon

Physicist and Nobel Laureate John William Strutt
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
John William Strutt
  • 1905 Austrian pacifist and writer Bertha von Suttner becomes the 1st woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1906 US President Theodore Roosevelt is the 1st American awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1906 Frenchman Henri Moissan is presented with the Nobel prize for Chemistry for isolating Fluoride

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Henri Moissan
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Moissan

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1907 Rudyard Kipling receives the Nobel prize for literature, the first English-language writer to do so

  • 1907 The worst night of the Brown Dog riots in London, when 1,000 medical students clash with 400 police officers over the existence of a memorial for animals who have been vivisected.

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1909 Swedish writer Selma Lagerlöf is the first woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

Author and Nobel Laureate Selma Lagerlöf
Author and Nobel Laureate
Selma Lagerlöf

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1910 Dutch Physicist Johannes van der Waals wins the Nobel Prize for physics

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Johannes van der Waals
  • 1911 Calbraith Rogers completes 1st crossing of US by airplane in 84 days
  • 1911 Dutch lawyer Tobias Asser receives the Nobel Peace Prize

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1912 Nobel Prize for Physics awarded to Gustaf Dalén for inventing automatic regulators for gas accumulators for lighthouses and buoys

Industrialist and Inventor Gustaf Dalén
Industrialist and Inventor
Gustaf Dalén
  • 1913 Dutch scientist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1913 Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore becomes the first non-European to be presented with the Nobel Prize for Literature for "Gitanjali"

  • 1914 French government returns to Paris

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1919 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to US President Woodrow Wilson

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1919 NY, Boston, & Chicago, oppose AL resolution accusing Ban Johnson of overstepping his duties

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1920 August Krogh is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the regulation mechanisms of capillaries in skeletal muscle

Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate August Krogh
Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate
August Krogh
  • 1922 Nobel prizes awarded to Niels Bohr (Physics), Francis William Aston (Chemistry) and Fridtjof Nansen (Peace)

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1922 Danish physicist Niels Bohr awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics, for work on the structure of atoms, at a ceremony in Copehagen

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr
  • 1923 Polish government of Grabski forms

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1925 Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw awarded Nobel Prize for Literature

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1926 2nd part of Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf published

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1929 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine jointly awarded to Christiaan Eijkman and Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins for the discovery of vitamins

Physician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan Eijkman
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Christiaan Eijkman
  • 1930 Indian Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman is presented with the Nobel Prize for Physics for work on light scattering - first Asian and non-white to win a Science Nobel

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1930 German chemist Hans Fischer is awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on haemin

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1931 Jane Addams (1st US woman) named co-recipient of Nobel Peace Prize

Social Worker and Nobel Laureate Jane Addams
Social Worker and Nobel Laureate
Jane Addams

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1931 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain with Niceto Zamora as President

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • 1932 King Rama VII (Prajadhipok) grants Thailand a constitution
  • 1932 The "Great Emu War" ends: Emu's surprising resilience to bullets led to Emu victory over Australian military in Campion district, Western Australia

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1933 Nobel Prize for Physics is presented to Paul Dirac and Erwin Schrödinger "for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory"

Theoretical Physicist and Nobel Laureate Paul Dirac
Theoretical Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Paul Dirac
Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger
  • 1934 Fascist dictator of Latvia Ulmanis begins building concentration camp
  • 1934 Saint-Adelbert cooperation formed by Catholic elite

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1935 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Irene Joliot-Curie (daughter of Marie Curie) and her husband Frédéric Joliot for the discovery of artificial radioactivity

Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist/Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1935 James Chadwick is awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery of the neutron

Physicist James Chadwick
Physicist
James Chadwick
  • 1936 Stockholm: physicist PBJ Debije receives Nobel prize for chemistry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Britain replaces King Edward VIII stamp series with King George VI

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
King of the United Kingdom Edward VIII
King of the United Kingdom
Edward VIII

King Abdicates for Love of Wallis SimpsonKing Abdicates for Love of Wallis Simpson

1936 Edward VIII signs Instrument of Abdication, giving up the British throne to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson
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Caught off-guard: the Windsors hear a sad dog tale. Photographer: Richard Avedon. National Portrait Gallery, London
Caught off-guard: the Windsors hear a sad dog tale. Photographer: Richard Avedon. National Portrait Gallery, London

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1936 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Carlos Saavedra Lamas for mediating end to Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia, 1st Latin American to win

Nobel Peace Laureate Carlos Saavedra Lamas
Nobel Peace Laureate
Carlos Saavedra Lamas
  • 1938 Ruth Fuller Sasaki, Zen teacher, Rinzai line, enters Zen priesthood

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1938 Italian scientist Enrico Fermi receives the Nobel Prize for Physics (work on reduced radioactivity)

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • 1939 KNVB celebrates 50th anniversary
  • 1940 British anti-offensive in Libya (Sidi Barrani)
  • 1941 British battleship Prince of Wales and battlecruiser Repulse (Force Z ) sunk following Japanese aerial attacks off Malaya. 840 men die
  • 1941 Japanese troops landed on northern Luzon in the Philippines
  • 1941 Japanese troops overrun Guam
  • 1942 Adolf Hitler names Anton Mussert "leader of the Dutch people"
  • 1942 North Africa: 5th German panzer army forms under col-gen von Arnim

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 An early report the Holocaust prepared by the Polish government-in-exile, using information obtained by Witold Pilecki, is addressed to UN member states

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • 1943 British 8th Army (1st Canadian Infantry Division) occupies Orsogna/Ortona Italy
  • 1944 9 Dutch citizens hanged by nazis
  • 1944 German counter attack at Dillingen bridgehead on the Saar
  • 1945 Preston Tucker reveals plan to produce the Torpedo, a new 150 MPH car

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1946 German/Swiss novelist Hermann Hesse wins the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • 1947 USSR & Czechoslovakia sign trade agreement

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1947 American physiologists Joseph Erlanger and Herbert Gasser presented with Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in Stockholm (awarded 1944) , for research into nerve function

Physiologist Joseph Erlanger
Physiologist
Joseph Erlanger

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 UN General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1950 Ralph Bunche (1st black American) presented the Nobel Peace Prize for mediation in Israel

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • 1952 Izhak Ben-Zvi elected 2nd president of Israel

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1954 Linus Pauling wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling
  • 1954 Albert Schweitzer receives Nobel Peace Prize

Birthdays in History


Person of interestJames I

1394 James I, King of Scotland (1406-37), born in Dunfermline Palace, Scotland (d. 1437)

King of Scotland James I
King of Scotland
James I
  • 1452 Johannes Stöffler, German mathematician and astronomer, born in Blaubeuren, Germany (d. 1531)
  • 1538 Giovanni Battista Guarini, Italian writer (Faithfull Shepherd), born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1612)
  • 1588 Isaac Beeckman, Dutch scientist and philosopher, born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1637)
  • 1679 Willem Maurits, Dutch count of Nassau and governor of Zeeuws-Flanders, born in The Hague (d. 1753)
  • 1691 Cornelis Pronk, Dutch portrait painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1759)
  • 1741 Aagje Deken, Dutch writer (For the Elderly & Children), born in Amstelveen, Netherlands (d. 1804)
  • 1751 George Shaw, English botanist and zoologist, born in Bierton, Buckinghamshire (d. 1813)
  • 1765 Alexander Gogel, Dutch minister of Finance, born in Vught, Netherlands (d. 1821)
  • 1787 Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American pioneer of educating the deaf, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1851)
  • 1794 James Wolfe Ripley, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Windham County, Connecticut (d. 1870)
  • 1804 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, German mathematician, born in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1851)
  • 1805 Johannes Elias Feisser, Dutch theologist and founder of 1st Dutch baptist church, born in Winsum, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1865)

Person of interestWilliam Lloyd Garrison

1805 William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist publisher (The Liberator), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1879)

Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison
  • 1805 Joseph Škoda, Bohemian physician, born in Pilsen, Kingdom of Bohemia (d. 1881)
  • 1813 Zachariah Chandler, American merchant and politician (found Republican Party), born in Bedford, New Hampshire (d. 1879)

Person of interestAda Lovelace

1815 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician considered the first computer programmer, born in London (d. 1852)

Mathematician and Computer Programmer Ada Lovelace
Mathematician and Computer Programmer
Ada Lovelace
  • 1820 David Allen Russell, United States Army officer (Union), born in Salem, New York (d. 1864)
  • 1820 Princess Elizabeth of Clarence, secon daughter of King Willliam IV, born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1821)
  • 1821 Nikolay Alekseyevich Nekrasov, Russian poet, writer and publisher (Russkije Zjenjshiny), born in Nemyriv, Russian Empire (d. 1877)
  • 1822 Thomas Casimer Devin, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1878)
  • 1824 George MacDonald, Scottish poet and sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie), born in Huntly, Aberdeenshire, Scotland(d. 1905)
  • 1827 Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and brewer (O'Keefe Brewery Company of Toronto Limited), born in Bandon, County Cork (d. 1913)

Person of interestEmily Dickinson

1830 Emily Dickinson, American poet (Collected Poems), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1886)

  • 1831 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1851 Melvil Dewey, American librarian and educator (created Dewey Decimal System for libraries), born in Adams Center, New York (d. 1931)
  • 1855 Henry Nicholas Ridley, British botanist (Malay Peninsula rubber industry), born in West Harling, Norfolk, England (d. 1956)
  • 1870 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses), born in Brno, Austria-Hungary (d. 1933)
  • 1870 Pierre Louÿs, French novelist and poet (Aphrodite, Woman & Puppet), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1925)
  • 1870 Rudolf Wilhelm Canne, Fries playwright (Der de Wier Us), born in Wûns (d. 1931)
  • 1870 Mary Bonaparte, eldest surviving daughter of Prince Napoléon Bonaparte of Canino and Christine Ruspoli (d. 1947)
  • 1872 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (study of graves), born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1956)
  • 1878 C. Rajagopalachari, India's freedom fighter and the first Governor General of independent India, born in Thorapalli, Madras Presidency, British India (d. 1972)
  • 1882 Otto Neurath, Austrian-British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences), born in Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1883 Andrej J. Vysjinski, Russian lawyer and UN ambassador, born in Odessa, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1954)
  • 1884 Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian painter, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1967)

Person of interestNelly Sachs

1891 leonie "Nelly" Sachs, German Swedish poet and Playwright (O the Chimneys - Nobel Prize for Literature 1966), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1970)

  • 1894 Earnest Haenchen, German new testament expert, born in Czarnków, Poland (d. 1975)
  • 1894 Gertrud Kolmar, German lyric poet and writer, born in Berlin (d. 1943)
  • 1897 Karl H. Waggerl, Austria writer (Power of Love), born in Bad Gastein, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1898 Anton Mauve, Dutch painter (d. 1962)
  • 1898 Yuri Nikolayevich Libedinski, Ukrainian writer (Birth of Hero), born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1959)
  • 1901 F Fischer, German war criminal (Breda 4)
  • 1903 William Plomer, South African-British author (Paper Houses, I Speak of Africa), born in Transvaal, South Africa (d. 1973)
  • 1906 Walter Zinn, Canadian-American nuclear physicist (invented the breeder reactor), born in Kitchener, Ontario (d. 2000)
  • 1907 Rumer Godden, English author (Thursday's Children), born in Eastbourne, Sussex, England (d. 1998)
  • 1908 Arnold van Ruler, Dutch theologist, born in Apeldoorn, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • 1912 Philip Hart, American lawyer and politician (U.S. Senator from Michigan), born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)
  • 1917 Sultan Yahya Petra, 6th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia (1975-79), born in Kota Bharu, Kelantan (d. 1979)
  • 1920 Clarice Lispector, Ukrainian-Brazilian writer (Laços de Família), born in Chechelnyk, Ukrainian People's Republic (d. 1977)
  • 1920 Stanko Todorov, Bulgarian communist politician, Prime Minister of Bulgaria (1971-81), born in Klenovik (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Jorge Semprún, Spanish-French writer (2nd mort de R Mercader, Z), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 2011)
  • 1925 Carolyn Ashley Kizer, American writer (Yin, Pulitzer 1985), born in Spokane, Washington, (d. 2014)
  • 1930 Clayton K Yeutter, American trade negotiator and Republican National chairman, born in Eustis, Nebraska (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Ross Taylor [Robert Murray Taylor], Scottish transplant surgeon who pioneered kidney transplantations in the U.K, born in Scotland (d. 2003)
  • 1934 Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist (Nobel 1975), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1994)
  • 1939 Barry Cunliffe, English archaeologist and university professor, born in Portsmouth, England
  • 1940 William Fred Dempster, crew member (Biosphere 2), born in Berkeley, California
  • 1942 Ralph Tavares, American musician (Tavares), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1942 Peter Sarstedt, British musician (Where do you go to my lovely), born Delhi, India (d. 2017)
  • 1946 Walter Orange, American rocker (Commodores-Too Hot to Trot), born in Florida
  • 1946 Thomas Lux, American poet (Split Horizon), born in Northampton, Massachusetts (d. 2017)
  • 1947 Rəsul Quliyev, Azerbaijani politician, born in Qazanci, Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan
  • 1948 Abu Abbas [Muhammad Zaidan], Palestinian founder of the Palestine Liberation Front (PLO), born in Yarmouk Camp (d. 2004)
  • 1955 Jacquelyn Mitchard, American journalist and novelist (The Deep End of the Ocean), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1956 Michael VerMeulen, American journalist and magazine editor (British GQ), born in Lake Forest, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • 1957 Prem Rawat "Guru Maharajji and Maharaji", American-Indian spiritual leader and speaker, born in Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India
  • 1963 Robin White, American tennis player (US Open doubles 1988), born in San Diego, California
  • 1964 Bobby Flay, American celebrity chef and restaurateur, born in NYC, New York
  • 1971 Brian Nichols, American spree killer (on trial for rape when he escaped from custody and murdered the judge presiding over his trial, a court reporter, a sheriff's deputy and later a federal agent), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1978 Donna Williams, co-founder of Neopets
  • 1986 Ryoichi Tsukada, Japanese acrobat

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1843 Author and religious leader Mary Baker Eddy (22) weds building contractor George Washington Glover (32) in Tilton, New Hampshire

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy
  • 1961 Dr Ruth marries Fred Westheimer

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1997 Motorcycle daredevil Evel Knievel (59) divorces Linda Joan Bork after 38 years of marriage

Motorcycle Daredevil Evel Knievel
Motorcycle Daredevil
Evel Knievel

Deaths in History

  • 949 Herman I, Duke of Swabia
  • 969 Nicephorus II Phocas, Byzantine co-Emperor (963-69), murdered
  • 1198 Averroes, Arab physician and philosopher (b. 1126)
  • 1490 Antoine Haneron, Bourgundy diplomat, dies at about 90
  • 1508 René II, Duke of Lorraine, dies at 57
  • 1524 Henry van Zutphen, Dutch Augustine/Luthern minister, burned to death
  • 1572 Cornelis Musius, Dutch humanist/poet, murdered at 72
  • 1595 Reynier Cant, mayor of Amsterdam, dies at about 59
  • 1616 Diogo do Couto, Portuguese historian/archivist of Goa, dies at 74
  • 1626 Edmund Gunter, English mathematician (b. 1581)
  • 1638 Ivan [Dzivo F] Gundulic, Dalmatian writer (Osman), dies at 49
  • 1736 António Manoel de Vilhena, Portuguese ruler of Malta (b. 1663)
  • 1749 Gabrielle Chôtelet [La belle Emilie], French writer (Voltaire), dies at 42
  • 1808 James Sullivan, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (1807-08), dies at 64
  • 1831 Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (Seebeck effect), dies at 61
  • 1850 François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist, dies at 63
  • 1864 Henry Schoolcraft, American geographer and geologist, dies at 71
  • 1865 Leopold I, King of Belgium (1831-65), dies at 74
  • 1877 Jared Kirtland, American physician, naturalist and reformed penitentiaries, dies at 84
  • 1878 Henry Wells, American businessman and founder (American Express Co & Wells Fargo & Co), dies at 72
  • 1889 Ludwig Anzengruber, Austrian playwright, dies at 50
  • 1890 Ludolph Anne Jan Wilt Sloet van de Beele, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1861-66), dies at 84

Person of interestAlfred Nobel

1896 Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist who invented dynamite and founded the Nobel Prize ceremony on this date, dies at 63

Chemist, Engineer & Innovator Alfred Nobel
Chemist, Engineer & Innovator
Alfred Nobel
  • 1909 Red Cloud, Sioux indian chief, dies
  • 1911 Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist and director of the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, dies at 94
5th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie Bowell
5th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie Bowell
  • 1920 Horace Elgin Dodge, American automobile manufacturing pioneer (co-founder of Dodge Brothers Company), dies at 52
  • 1921 George Ashlin, Irish architect noted for his work on churches and cathedrals, dies at 84
  • 1926 Nikola Pašić, Kingdom of Serbia and Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes prime minister (b. 1845)
  • 1928 Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect, designer, and illustrator, dies at 60
  • 1931 Max Elskamp, Belgian author and poet (Six Chansons), dies at 69
  • 1935 John H Aberson, 1st rector of Landbouw high school, dies at 78
  • 1936 Luigi Pirandello, Italian writer (Six Characters in Search of An Author-Nobel 1934), dies at 69
  • 1941 Colin Kelly, American B-17 Flying Fortress pilot and 1st US air hero during WW II, killed in action at 26 after ordering his crew to bail out shortly before his bomber exploded
  • 1944 John Brunt, English soldier and Victoria Cross holder, dies at 22
  • 1945 Theodor Dannecker, SS officer and an associate of Adolf Eichmann, dies at 32

Person of interestDamon Runyon

1946 Damon Runyon, American journalist and writer (Guys & Dolls-based on his work), dies at 66

Journalist and Author Damon Runyon
Journalist and Author
Damon Runyon
  • 1949 Duncan Stewart, 2nd British Governor of Sarawak (1949), dies at 45 after being fatally stabbed in the streets of Sibu by pro-Indonesian Malay student Rosli Dhoby
  • 1951 Algernon Blackwood, English novelist (The Willows), dies at 82
  • 1953 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, British-Indian Islamic scholar and translator (translated Qu'ran into English), dies at 81
  • 1958 Juliane Gabriels, Flemish physician (Artus Quellin), dies at 72
  • 1958 Adolfo Camarillo, American horse breeder (b.1864)
  • 1968 Karl Barth, Swiss theologist/minister (Kirchliche Dogma), dies at 82

Person of interestThomas Merton

1968 Thomas Merton, French-American Catholic writer and Trappist monk (7 Story Mountain), accidentally electrocuted by an electric fan at 53

Catholic Writer and Trappist Monk Thomas Merton
Catholic Writer and Trappist Monk
Thomas Merton
  • 1968 George Forrest, Northern Irish politician, dies at 47
  • 1971 Jo [Jozef Maria Laurens Theo] Cals, Prime Minister of Netherlands (1965-66) and Minister of Education, Arts and Sciences, dies at 57
  • 1972 Mark van Doren, American poet and author (Happy Critic, Transients), dies at 78
  • 1978 Miura Isshu, Zen teacher, Hakuin Rinzai line, dies at 75
  • 1979 Fulton J Sheen, bishop (Life is Worth Living), dies at 84
  • 1990 Armand Hammer, CEO (Occidental Petroleum), dies at 92
  • 1991 Berenice Abbott, US photographer, dies at 93
  • 1991 Greta Kempton, American artist (b. 1901)
  • 1992 Carlomagno Andrade, Equadorian general, dies
  • 1994 Keith Joseph, British MP (C), dies
  • 1994 Ruth Evelyn Mansfield, doctor, dies at 92
  • 1995 Gillian Rose, philosopher/writer, dies at 48
  • 1995 John Francis Boyd, journalist, dies at 85
  • 1995 Mary Madge Lascelles, literary critic/poet, dies at 95
  • 1995 Phillip Piratin, communist, dies at 88

Person of interestFranjo Tuđman

1999 Franjo Tuđman, Croatian politician and President of Croatia (1990-1999), dies of stomach cancer at 77

President of Croatia Franjo Tuđman
President of Croatia
Franjo Tuđman
  • 2002 Andres Küng, Swedish-Estonian politician and journalist, dies at 57
  • 2003 John Watts, British army and Chief of Defense (Omani Armed Forces), dies at 73

Person of interestEugene McCarthy

2005 Eugene McCarthy, American politician (Sen-D-Minn) and presidential candidate, dies of parkinsons at 89

Politician and Presidential Candidate Eugene McCarthy
Politician and Presidential Candidate
Eugene McCarthy

Person of interestAugusto Pinochet

2006 Augusto Pinochet, Chilean general and dictator of Chile (1973-90), dies of congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema at 91

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet
  • 2006 Jack Williamson, American sci-fi author (Cometeers), dies at 98
  • 2007 Aqsa Parvez, Canadian victim of an honor crime (b. 1991)
  • 2010 John Bennett Fenn, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 2010 J. Michael Hagopian, Turkish-born American documentarian (b. 1913)
  • 2012 Iajuddin Ahmed, Bangladeshi President, dies from heart surgery complications at 81
  • 2014 Ziad Abu Ein, Palestinian government minister, killed in confrontation with Israeli troops at protest on West Bank
  • 2014 Catherine Hughes [Pestell] British principal (Somerville College Oxford), dies at 81
  • 2016 A. A. [Adrian Anthony] Gill, British critic (The Sunday Times), dies of cancer at 62
  • 2019 Jean Pagé, Canadian sports journalist (host: 'La Soirée du hockey' and '110%'), dies from prostate cancer at 73