On This Day

On This Day in History for December 12

Events in History

  • 627 Battle at Nineveh: Byzantine Emperor Heraclius beats Sassanid forces during Byzantine-Sassanid War
  • 1098 1st Crusaders capture & plunder Mara, Syria
  • 1408 Order of the Dragon: The Order of the Dragon was first created on December 12, 1408 by Emperor Sigismund, then King of Hungary, and his wife Queen Barbara of Celje following the battle for possession of Bosnia.
  • 1474 Isabella crowns herself queen of Castile & Aragon
  • 1479 Jews are expelled from Schlettstadt Alsace by Emperor Frederick III
  • 1524 Pope Clement VII approves Organization of Jewish Community of Rome
  • 1653 English "Barebones" Parliament ends
  • 1677 Brandenburgs army occupies Stettin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1694 The Royal Society censures Edmond Halley for suggesting in a paper titled 'Some considerations about the cause of the universal deluge' that the story of Noah's flood could be an account of a cometary impact

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1700 Utrecht, Overijssel, Buren, Leerdam and Ijsselstein adopt Gregorian calendar

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • 1715 Russian and Prussian troops occupy Stralsund [NS=12/23]
  • 1769 Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee

USAConstitution of the United States

1787 Pennsylvania becomes 2nd state to ratify US constitution

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Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
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  • 1791 Bank of North America opens at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia
  • 1800 Washington, D.C., established as the capital of the United States of America
  • 1822 Mexico officially recognized as an independent nation by US
  • 1858 1st Canadian coins circulated (1 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent & 20 cent)
  • 1862 Battle of Dumfries, Virginia
  • 1862 Naval Engagement at Yazoo River, MS (USS CAIRO torpedoed)
  • 1870 Joseph Rainey (South Carolina) becomes 1st African American to serve in US House of Representatives
  • 1871 Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1874 Hawaiian King David Kalakaua is 1st king to visit the US as guest of Ulysses S. Grant at 1st US state dinner at the White House

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1878 Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St Louis Dispatch"
  • 1884 1st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval
  • 1897 Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1897 Belo Horizonte, the first planned city of Brazil, founded
  • 1899 1st case of plague on Oahu, Hawaii

CommunicationHistoric Communication

1901 Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland, Canada

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1902 German historian Theodor Mommsen is awarded the Nobel prize for Literature for "his historical writing with special reference to his monumental work, "A History of Rome"

Historian Theodor Mommsen
Theodor Mommsen
  • 1903 Roger Casement completes report about abuses in Belgian Congo
  • 1904 CMS McClellan's "Leah Kleschna" premieres in NYC
  • 1906 Oscar Straus, 1st Jewish US government member, appointed Secretary of Commerce
  • 1911 Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
  • 1913 Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools
  • 1914 The largest one-day percentage drop in the history of Dow Jones Industrial Average, down 24.39%
  • 1915 1st all-metal aircraft (Junkers J-1) test flown at Dessau, Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Aristide Briand forms French war government

11x Prime Minister of France Aristide Briand
11x Prime Minister of France
Aristide Briand
  • 1915 Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia
  • 1917 French troop train derails in French Alps killing 543
  • 1917 Rev Edward Flanagan forms Boys Town outside Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1924 Spanish troops leave Morocco
  • 1925 Arthur Heinman coins term "motel"; opens Motel Inn, San Luis Obispo
  • 1925 Last Qajar Shah of Iran deposed; Rezā Shāh Pahlavi takes over

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1925 Medina surrenders to Saudi forces led by Sultan Abdulaziz Ibn Saud

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1930 Start of the 1st Australia v West Indies Test (at Adelaide)
  • 1931 Japanese government of Imukai forms
  • 1932 S N Behrman's "Biography" premieres in NYC
  • 1932 USSR & China resume diplomatic relations

BattleDeclaration of War

1936 Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek declares war on Japan

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1937 Japanese aircraft shell & sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized & eventually paid US $2.2M in reparations)
  • 1939 Russ Indigirka capsizes in blizzard off Japanese coast; 750 die
  • 1940 British troops conquer Sidi el-Barrani
  • 1941 European reservists on Java mobilize
  • 1941 German occupying army do a house search in Paris looking for Jews
  • 1941 Soviet 20th army recaptures Soljetsjnogorsk
  • 1942 German offensive in South Western Stalingrad
  • 1942 A fire in a hostel in St. John's, Newfoundland, kills 100 people
  • 1945 Special Court of justice convicts Dutch Nazi leader Mussert to death
  • 1946 Ice plant collapses, shearing a tenement building & burying 38
  • 1946 'Tide' detergent introduced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 UN accepts 6 Manhattan blocks as a gift from John D. Rockefeller Jr

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr
  • 1947 United Mine Workers union withdrew from AFL
  • 1948 Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali Massacre - 14 members of the Scots Guards stationed in Malaysia allegedly massacre 24 unarmed civilians and set fire to the village.
  • 1949 AL votes 7-1 rejecting legalizing the spitball
  • 1950 Baseball owners vote to drop 4-year old bonus & high school rule
  • 1953 Chuck Yeager reaches Mach 2.43 in Bell X-1A rocket plane
  • 1955 1st prototype of hovercraft patented by British engineer Christoper Cockerell
  • 1956 Commencement of the Irish Republican Army's Border Campaign.
  • 1957 Maj Adrian Drew flies 1,943 kph in F-101 Voodoo
  • 1957 US announces manufacture of Borazon (harder than diamond)
  • 1957 Willem J Kolff and his team at Ohio's Cleveland Clinic removed the heart from a dog and replaced it with a pneumatic pump which kept the dog alive for 90 minutes, proving the viability of the artificial heart
  • 1958 Dutch social democratic party-ministers/premier Drees dismissed
  • 1958 Fergie Gupte takes 9-102 with leggies v W Indies at Kanpur
  • 1959 UN Committee on Peaceful Use of Outer Space is established

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

1961 Adolf Eichmann is found guilty of war crimes in Israel

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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
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  • 1961 Amateur radio satellite Oscar 1 launched with military Discoverer 36

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Martin Luther King Jr. & 700 demonstrators are arrested in Albany, Georgia

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Argentina asks for extradition of ex-President Juan Perón

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • 1963 Frank Sinatra, Jr returned by kidnappersafter his father paid the $240,000 ransom demanded
  • 1963 Kenya (formerly British East Africa) declares independence from UK
  • 1965 Vivian Beaumont Theater opens at 65th St & Amsterdam Ave NYC
  • 1967 US launches Pioneer 8 into solar orbit
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill receives overwhelming support from Unionist Members of Parliament (MPs) at Stormont

Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill
Northern Ireland Prime Minister
Terence O'Neill
  • 1969 Offices of Banca Nazionale dell'Agricoltura in Piazza Fontana, Milan, are bombed, killing 14
  • 1970 Polish government proclaims price rise
  • 1970 Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 42 launched to study X-rays
  • 1970 USSR performs underground nuclear test

‘My Name is Jimmy Carter and I’m Running for President’‘My Name is Jimmy Carter and I’m Running for President’

1974 50‐year‐old Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter announces his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for President [1]

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Rosalynn and Jimmy Carter with youngsters helped by the Carter Center
Rosalynn and Jimmy Carter with youngsters helped by the Carter Center
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  • 1975 Gas stove explodes & starts fire killing 138 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Sara Jane Moore pleds guilty to trying to kill US President Gerald Ford

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1979 Gold hits record $462.50 an ounce
  • 1979 President of Pakistan, Zia-ul-Haq, confers Nishan-e-Imtiaz on Nobel laureate Dr Abdus Salam.
  • 1980 US's copyright law amended to include computer programs
  • 1980 Apple makes its initial public offering on the US stock market - 38 years later it would become the first US company valued at over $1 trillion
  • 1981 Gambia & Senegal sign agreement to be known as Senegambia in Feb 1982
  • 1982 $9,800,000 in cash stolen from money transport car in NYC
  • 1982 The "Snowplow Game": when a snowstorm holds a New England vs Miami game scoreless, Mark Henderson, a convict on work release, on Patriots coach Ron Meyer order, clears the path for John Smith's attempt, which wins the game for the Patriots, 3-0
  • 1983 A truck bomb explodes at US Embassy in Kuwait

Birthdays in History

  • 1298 Albert II, Duke of Austria, born in Habsburg Castle, Swabia (d. 1358)
  • 1574 Anne of Denmark, daughter of Danish King Frederik II and Queen Consort of James I of England, born in Skanderborg Castle, Skanderborg, Denmark (d. 1619)
  • 1610 Basil of Ostrog [Saint Vasilije], Serbian Orthodox bishop, born in Mrkonjići (d. 1671)
  • 1659 Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1739)
  • 1660 Peter Rabus, Dutch poet and translator (Liberated Britanje) (d. 1702)
  • 1712 Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine, Imperial Army field marshal, born in Lunéville, Duchy of Lorraine (d. 1780)

Person of interestSamuel Hood

1724 Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, British admiral in the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolutionary Wars, born in Butleigh, England (d. 1816)

British Admiral Samuel Hood
British Admiral
Samuel Hood
  • 1731 Erasmus Darwin, influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (grandfather of Charles Darwin), born in Newark-on-Trent, England (d. 1807)

Person of interestJohn Jay

1745 John Jay, US statesman and 1st US Chief Justice, born in NYC, New York (d. 1829)

1st US Chief Justice John Jay
1st US Chief Justice
John Jay
  • 1779 Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint and founder of the Society of the Sacred Heart, born in Joigny, Burgundy, France (d. 1865)
  • 1783 Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician, born in New Jersey (d. 1865)
  • 1786 William L. Marcy, American statesman, born in Southbridge, Massachusetts (d. 1857)
  • 1791 Marie-Louise of Austria, Duchess of Parma and second wife of Napoleon, born in Hofburg, Vienna, Austria (d. 1847)
  • 1792 Alexandros Ypsilanti, Greek resistance fighter, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1828)
  • 1799 Karl Briullov, Russian painter, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1852)
  • 1801 John, King of Saxony (1854-73) and translated Divina Commedia, born in Dresden, Germany
  • 1805 Henry Wells, American businessman and founder (American Express Co & Wells Fargo & Co), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1878)
  • 1806 Stand Watie, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Calhoun, Georgia (d. 1871)
  • 1818 Paul Octave Hébert, American Brigadier General and 14th Governor of Louisiana, born in Plaquemine, Louisiana (d. 1880)
  • 1821 Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (Madame Bovary), born in Rouen, France (d. 1880)
  • 1830 Joseph O. Shelby, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1897)
  • 1832 Abraham Carel Wertheim, Dutch banker and philanthropist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1897)
  • 1833 Matthias Hohner, German manufacturer (harmonica), born in Trossingen, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1838 Sherburne Wesley Burnham, American astronomer (binary stars), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1921)
  • 1845 Bruce Price, American architect, born in Cumberland, Maryland (d. 1903)
  • 1853 Johan Petter Johansson, Swedish inventor and industrialist (modern adjustable spanner), born in Vårgårda, Sweden (d. 1943)
  • 1859 Maurice Donnay, French playwright (Lovers), born in Paris (d. 1945)

Person of interestEdvard Munch

1863 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and print maker (The Scream), born in Ådalsbruk, Løten, Norway (d. 1944)

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • 1864 Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist, born in Saint Louis, Missouri (d. 1937)
  • 1866 Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1913), born in Mulhouse, Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France (d. 1919)
  • 1870 Walter Benona Sharp, American oil tycoon, born in Tipton County, Tennessee (d. 1912)
  • 1874 Volter Kilpi, Finnish writer (Alastalon salissa), born in Kustavi, Finland (d. 1939)
  • 1875 Desideer Stracke, Flemish jesuit and literature historian, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1970)

Person of interestGerd von Rundstedt

1875 [Karl Rudolf] Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal during World War II (Commander-in-Chief in the West), born in Aschersleben, German Empire (d. 1953)

German General Gerd von Rundstedt
German General
Gerd von Rundstedt
  • 1879 Friedrich Christiansen, German nazi commander Wehrmacht Netherland, born in Wyk auf Föhr, Province of Schleswig-Holstein, German Empire (d. 1972)
  • 1892 Herman Potočnik, Slovenian rocket engineer, born in Pula, Austria-Hungary (d. 1929)
  • 1902 Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter, born in Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia (d. 2003)
  • 1903 Enid Balint-Edmonds, British psychoanalyst, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1905 Manès Sperber, Austrian-French writer (Like a Tear in the Ocean: A Trilogy), born in Zabolotiv, Ukraine (d. 1984)
  • 1906 William Pahlmann, American interior designer (4 Season restaurant, NYC), born in Pleasant Mound, Illinois (d. 1987)
  • 1907 Frederik van Heek, Dutch sociologist, born in Enschede, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • 1909 Armand Boni, Flemish poet and writer, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1991)
  • 1917 Edward Firth Henderson, British diplomat and arabist, born in Bristol (d. 1995)
  • 1918 Nilda Pinto, Curacao writer (Nanzi), born in Otrobanda (d. 1954)
  • 1919 Olivia Barclay, British astrologer (revival of traditional forms of astrology in the late 20th century), born in Essex, England (d. 2001)
  • 1919 Dan DeCarlo, American cartoonist (Archie Comics), born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Fred Kida, Japanese-American comics artist, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2014)
  • 1922 Arthur R. Hawkins, American naval aviator and flying ace (WW II, downed 14 Japanese planes), born in Zavalla, Texas (d. 2004)

Person of interestEd Koch

1924 Ed Koch, American congressman and New York City Mayor (1977-89), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)

Congressman and NYC Mayor Ed Koch
Congressman and NYC Mayor
Ed Koch
  • 1925 Cora Lee Johnson, social activist for rural poor
  • 1925 Ahmad Shamlou, Iranian poet (The Book of Alley), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2000)
  • 1927 Robert Noyce, American inventor (co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957 and Intel Corporation in 1968), born in Burlington, Iowa (d. 1990)
  • 1928 Helen Frankenthaler, American abstract expressionist artist (Arden), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2011)
  • 1928 Lionel Blair [Ogus], Canadian choreographer (Give Us a Clue), born in Montréal, Québec
  • 1928 Chinghiz Aitmatov, Soviet-Kyrgyz author and best-known figure in Kyrgyzstan's literature (Jamila), born in Kirghiz ASSR, Soviet Union (d. 2008)
  • 1929 John Osborne, English playwright (Entertainer, Look Back in Anger, Luther), born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1931 Ali-Akbar Sa'idi Sirjani, Iranian writer and journalist, born in Sirjan, Kerman (d. 1994)
  • 1934 Miguel de la Madrid, President of Mexico (1982-1988), born in Colima, Mexico (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Buford Pusser, American sheriff of McNairy County, Tennessee, born in Finger, Tennessee (d. 1974)
  • 1940 Sharad Pawar, Indian politician (founded Nationalist Congress Party in 1999), born in Baramati, Bombay Presidency, British India
  • 1944 Jean Doré, Canadian politician (39th Mayor of Montreal), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2015)
  • 1945 Karl Edward Wagner, American sci-fi author (Bloodstone, Night Winds), born in Knoxville, Tennessee (d. 1994)
  • 1946 George Santo Pietro, husband of Vanna White
  • 1951 Steven Alan Hawley, American NASA astronaut (STS 41-D, 61-C, 31, 82), born in Ottawa, Kansas
  • 1951 Richard Davidson, American psychologist, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1952 Herb Dhaliwal, Canadian politician, born in Chiheru, Punjab, India
  • 1954 Liz Claman, American television anchor (Countdown to the Closing Bell), born in Beverly Hills, California
  • 1957 Robert Lepage, French Canadian playwright, born in Quebec, Canada
  • 1959 Scott D. Vangen, American astronaut, born in Granite Falls, Minnesota
  • 1963 Juan Carlos Varela, President of Panama (2014-), born in Panama City
  • 1966 Royce Gracie, Brazilian martial artist, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 1969 Sophie Kinsella, English author (Confessions of a Shopaholic), born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1972 Brandon Teena, American trans man and hate crime victim, born in Lincoln, Nebraska (d. 1993)
  • 1972 Abubacarr Tambadou, Gambian human rights lawyer (International Court of Justice case against Myanmar persecution of Rohingya)
  • 1994 Otto Warmbier, American student detained in North Korea after stealing poster, born in Cincinnati, Ohio

Weddings in History

  • 1666 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (26), marries his niece and cousin Margaret Theresa of Spain (15), the celebrations last almost two years
  • 2014 E! news anchor Jason Kennedy (33) weds fashion journalist and blogger Lauren Scruggs (26) at the Four Seasons Resort in Dallas, Texas

Deaths in History

  • 884 Carloman, co-King of France (879, 882-884), dies
  • 1112 Tancred, monarch of Galilea/Edessa/Antioch, dies
  • 1212 Geoffrey, Archbishop of York and illegitimate son of King Henry II of England, dies at about 60
  • 1586 Stefan Batory, King of Poland (1575-86), dies at 53
  • 1600 John Craig, Scottish church reformer/James VI's court vicar, dies
  • 1677 Jacob Binckes/Benckes, Dutch admiral (Chatham), dies in battle
  • 1685 John Pell, English mathematician (b. 1610)
  • 1751 Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English statesman and philosopher, dies at 73
  • 1754 Wu Jingzi, Chinese writer (Rulinwaishi), dies at about 53
  • 1766 Johann Christoph Gottsched, German writer (b. 1700)
  • 1777 Albrecht von Haller, Swiss experimental physiologist, biologist and author (Acadamy of Science), dies at 69
  • 1777 Reverend Benjamin Russen, executed at Tyburn England for rape
  • 1789 John Ponsonby, Irish politician, dies at 76
  • 1790 Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer, dies at 57
  • 1817 Emperor Tekle Giyorgis I of Ethiopia, (b. about 1751)
  • 1821 Phoebe Hessel, English woman who disguised herself as a man to serve in the British Army, probably to be with her lover, Samuel Golding, dies at 108
  • 1843 Willem I Frederik, King of Netherlands (1814-40), dies at 71
  • 1849 Marc Isambard Brunel, French-born English engineer (Thames Tunnel, father of Isambard Kingdom Brunel), dies at 80
  • 1858 Jacques Viger, French Canadian politician, 1st mayor of Montreal (1833-36), dies at 71
  • 1872 Willem Anne Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, Dutch politician, dies at 72
  • 1877 José de Alencar, Brazilian writer (O Guarani), dies at 48
  • 1880 Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), dies at 83
  • 1882 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer and abolitionist, dies at 59

Person of interestRobert Browning

1889 Robert Browning, English poet (Ring & Book), dies at 77

  • 1889 Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1804)
4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson
4th Prime Minister of Canada
John Thompson
  • 1912 Luitpold von Bayern, prince-regent of Bayern, dies at 91

Person of interestMenelik II

1913 Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia (1889-1913) and Negus/King of Shewa (1866–89), dies at 69

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia
Menelik II
  • 1914 Watkins Lewis Africa American lynched in Shrevport, Louisiana
  • 1920 Olive Schreiner, South Afr writer (Healing Imagination), dies at 75
  • 1921 Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer (period-luminosity relation), dies at 53
  • 1922 John Wanamaker, American merchant (Wanamakers Department Store), pioneer in marketing and Postmaster General, dies at 84
  • 1923 Raymond Radiguet, French journalist/writer (Ball du Comte), dies at 20
  • 1926 Jean Richepin, French poet/writer (Contes sans morale), dies at 77
  • 1929 Charles Goodnight, American cattle baron (b. 1836)
  • 1932 Egon Richter, writer, dies
  • 1938 James McNeill, Irish politician, 2nd Governor-General of the Irish Free State, dies at 69
  • 1941 Cesar Basa, Philippine Air Force and World War II hero (b. 1915)
  • 1947 Huda Sha'arawi, Egyptian feminist and nationalist, founder of Egyptian Feminist Union, dies at 68

Person of interestPeter Fraser

1950 Peter Fraser, British-born New Zealand statesman and 24th Prime Minister of New Zealand (1940-49), dies of a heart attack following hospitalization with influenza at 66

New Zealand Prime Minister Peter Fraser
New Zealand Prime Minister
Peter Fraser
  • 1952 Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (development of Hittitology), dies at 73
  • 1958 Milutin Milanković, Serbian astronomer and geophysicist (linked long-term changes in climate to astronomical factors affecting the amount of solar energy received at Earth’s surface), dies at 79
  • 1960 Christopher Hornsrud, Prime Minister of Norway (3 weeks), dies at 101
  • 1961 Daiun Sogaku Harada, Zen founder of Sanbo Kyodan lineage, dies at 91
  • 1970 Louis Zimmer, Flemish astronomer and clock maker (Jubelklok, Wonder Clock), dies at 82
  • 1970 Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (Member of the Australian Parliament for Bourke), dies at 81
  • 1971 Jack Barnhill, Northern Ireland senator, assassinated
  • 1971 John A Emmens, art historian/poet (Dog of Pavlov), dies at 47
  • 1977 Baroness Clementine Spencer-Churchill (nee Hozier), widow of Sir Winston, dies at 92
  • 1980 Jean Lesage, Canadian politician (19th Premier of Quebec), dies at 68
  • 1988 John Canning, NY Post managing editor, dies at 56
  • 1988 Anthony "Tony Pro" Provenzano, American Mafia figure (b. 1917)
  • 1992 Bernard CJ Lievegoed, Dutch anthroposopher (Free College), dies at 87
  • 1992 Suzanne Lilar, Belgian essayist, novelist and playwright (b. 1901)
  • 1993 Gerard Nabrink, Dutch anarchist and co-founder (NVSH), dies at 90
  • 1993 Jozsef Antall, historian/premier of Hungary (1990-93), dies at 61
  • 1994 Antoine Pinay, French PM (1952)/foreign minister, dies at 102
  • 1994 Donna J. Stone, American poet, dies of heart failure at 61
  • 1994 Herman H Felderhof, radio-announcer/head (NRU/NOS Radio), dies at 83
  • 1994 John Edward Caulwell Hearne, writer, dies at 68
  • 1994 Stuart Allen Roosa, astronaut (Apollo 14), dies of pancreatitis at 46
  • 1995 David Lincoln Lightbown, politician, dies at 63
  • 1995 David Saul Marshall, diplomat lawyer/politician, dies at 97
  • 1995 James Altgens, JFK assassination photographer, dies at 76
  • 1995 Lindsay Oliver John Boynton, furniture historian, dies at 61
  • 1995 Mohyedin Alempour, tajik artist/journalist, dies at 50
  • 1996 Gerald Ian Lacey, architect/town planner, dies at 70
  • 1996 Jack Perry, businessman, dies at 81
  • 1996 Jean-Pierre Guerlain, cosmetics pioneer, dies at 91
  • 1996 Michael Geoffrey Corcos, medical researcher, dies at 77
  • 1996 Vance Packard, American journalist and writer (The Hidden Persuaders), dies at 82
  • 1997 Yevgeniy Landis, Russian mathematician (b. 1921)
  • 1998 Marco Denevi, Argentine writer (b. 1922)
  • 1998 Mo Udall, American politician (Rep-D-AZ, 1961-91), dies at 76
  • 1998 Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator from Florida (1971-89) and Governor of Florida (1991-98), dies at 68
  • 1999 Paul Cadmus, American artist (b. 1904)
  • 1999 Joseph Heller, American author (Catch-22), dies at 76
  • 2001 Ardito Desio, Italian explorer and topographer, dies at 104
  • 2002 Dee Brown, American author (b. 1908)
  • 2002 Jay Wesley Neill, American convicted mass murderer, dies at 37
  • 2003 Heydər Əliyev, President of Azerbaijan (b. 1923)
  • 2003 Joseph Anthony Ferrario, American Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu (1982-1993), dies at 77
  • 2003 Keiko, orca (killer whale), star of Free Willy (b. 1976)
  • 2005 Gebran Tueni, Lebanese politician (b. 1957)
  • 2006 Raymond P. Shafer, 38th Governor of Pennsylvania (b. 1917)
  • 2006 Al Shugart, pioneering American computer engineer and co-founder of Seagate Technology (b. 1930)
  • 2008 Avery Dulles, Roman Catholic Cardinal, heologian (b. 1918)
  • 2008 Tassos Papadopoulos, Cypriot former president (b. 1934)
  • 2016 Jim Lowe, American DJ (WNEW) "King of Trivia", dies at 93
  • 2018 Melvin Dummar, American claimant to the Howard Hughes estate, dies at 74
  • 2018 Meng Lang, Chinese poet and activist, dies at 57
  • 2020 John le Carré [pen name for David Cornwell], English novelist (The Spy Who Came in from the Cold), dies at 89
  • 2020 Jack Steinberger, American physicist (1988 Nobel Prize for Physics - Neutrinos), dies at 99 [1]