On This Day

On This Day in History for December 13

Events in History

  • 1294 Saint Celestine V abdicates the papacy after only five months; Celestine hoped to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit.
  • 1545 Council of Trent (19th ecumenical council) opened by Pope Paul III
  • 1570 Sweden and Denmark signs Peace of Stettin
  • 1572 Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet (confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under admiral Lumey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1577 Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England on a circumnavigation of the world

Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • 1621 Emperor Ferdinand II delegates 1st anti-Reformation decree
  • 1636 The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard.

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1642 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sights the South Island of present day New Zealand; initially he calls it Staten Landt and changes it a year later to Nieuw Zeeland

Explorer and Seafarer Abel Tasman
Explorer and Seafarer
Abel Tasman
  • 1643 English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire.
  • 1668 Jean Racine's "Britannicus" premieres in Paris
  • 1732 Prussia joins Austria and Russia in signing the Treaty of Berlin, a secret treaty regarding succession to the Polish throne
  • 1734 Britain and Russia sign trade agreement
  • 1742 Willem KH Friso tests his mothers potatoes
  • 1769 Dartmouth College in New Hampshire receives its charter

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1774 Paul Revere and Wentworth Cheswell ride to warn Portsmouth of the approach of British warships

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere
  • 1816 Patent for a dry dock issued to John Adamson, Boston

  • 1861 Battle of Alleghany Summit, West Virginia
  • 1862 Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia (Marye's Heights)
  • 1864 Battle of Fort McAllister, Georgia

BattleDeclaration of War

1864 War of the Triple Alliance: Paraguay officially declares war on Brazil, invades the next day

President of Paraguay Francisco Solano López
President of Paraguay
Francisco Solano López
  • 1879 First federal fish hatching steamer launched (Wilmington, Delaware)
  • 1889 Belgium rules on women and child labor law
  • 1900 Battle of Nooitgedacht: Boer generals De La Reyand Smuts defeat a British brigade under the command of Major General R. Clements

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 British and German ships bombard Venezuelan forts after President Castro refuses to comply with ultimatum demanding damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899; Castro asks US President Theodore Roosevelt to arbitrate

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1906 German chancellor Bernhard von Bulow disbands the Parliament
  • 1907 George Gunn scores 119 on Test debut v Australia SCG

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 German Emperor Wilhelm II visits Amsterdam

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1913 British foreign minister Sir Edward Grey proposes that southern Albania be divided between Greece and Albania with compensation to Greece in the Aegean islands
  • 1916 Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian and Italian troops in 24 hrs in Tyrol
  • 1916 Esme Stuart Lennox Robinsons premieres in Dublin
  • 1916 French chief of staff Joffre replaced by Nivelle
  • 1918 US army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany
  • 1919 Ross & Smith land in Australia from a flight from London
  • 1920 Francis G. Pease's interferometer at Mount Wilson Observatory is the first to measure the diameter of a star - the Betelgeuse
  • 1920 League of Nations establishes the International Court of Justice in The Hague
  • 1920 Netherland breaks contact with Kingdom of Serbia, Croatia and Slavia

  • 1922 Charles Ebbets proposes putting numbers on players' sleeves or caps
  • 1924 KOA-AM in Denver CO begins radio transmissions
  • 1928 Clip-on tie designed
  • 1930 French government of André Tardieu falls for the second time
  • 1930 Theodore Steeg forms French government
  • 1934 Mark Hellinger Theater (Warner Bros) opens at 237 W 51st St NYC
  • 1937 Japanese troops conquer and plunder Nanjing (Nanjing Massacre)
  • 1938 Los Angeles freezes at 28°F
  • 1939 Battle of the River Plate - 3 British cruisers vs German pocket battleship Graf Spee
  • 1941 German occupiers forbid National Front and Netherland Union
  • 1941 Lawine battlers destroy Haaraz, Peru; about 3,000 die
  • 1942 Seyss-Inquart allows Dutch Nazi Anton Mussert to call himself Leader
  • 1943 150 US Marauders bomb Schiphol
  • 1944 Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138
  • 1944 Norman Krasna's "Dear Ruth" premieres in NYC
  • 1946 Léon Blum elected French premier
  • 1947 Maine Turnpike opens to traffic
  • 1949 AL votes down proposal to revive spitball
  • 1949 Knesset votes to transfer Israel's capital to Jerusalem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Elsa Schiaparelli's House of Schiaparelli at Place Vendôme in Paris closes

Fashion Designer Elsa Schiaparelli
Fashion Designer
Elsa Schiaparelli
  • 1959 Archbishop Makarios elected 1st president of Cyprus
  • 1960 Laos General Fumi Nosavang occupies Vientiane

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

1961 Gideon Hausner in Jerusalem demands death penalty for Adolf Eichmann

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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Learn More
  • 1962 Relay 1 communication satellite launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 In El Paso, Texas, LBJ & Mexican President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz set off an explosion diverting Rio Grande, to reshape US-Mexico border

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1965 Algerian president Boumedienne visits Moscow
  • 1966 1st battle for Bijlmer flats, Amsterdam
  • 1966 Test debut of Clive Lloyd, v India Bombay, 82 & 78
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 United Soccer Association & National Pro Soccer League merge into NASL
  • 1967 Unsuccessful coup against Greek King Constantine II
  • 1967 San Diego, CA records snow at a zero elevation after temperatures plunge 19 degrees (F) in eight hours.
  • 1968 Brazilian President Da Costa e Silva issues Ato Institucional Número Cinco degree
  • 1969 Arlo Guthrie releases "Alice's Restaurant"
  • 1970 Greg Chappell scores 108 on Test debut v England at the WACA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Neil Simon's "Gingerbread Lady" premieres in NYC

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1971 John Sinclair (sentence: 10 yrs, sold 2 marijuana joints) is freed
  • 1973 MPLA/FNLA accord about combat against Portuguese Libya
  • 1973 World Football League grants 1st franchise (Detroit)
  • 1974 Malta becomes a republic

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1975 Australian Federal Election - Liberals with coalition under Malcolm Fraser win largest ever parliamentary majority

Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Fraser
Prime Minister of Australia
Malcolm Fraser
  • 1975 Roy Fredericks hits 169 v Aust at WACA, hundred in 71 balls
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1976 Golden Gate Bridge District starts ferry service to Larkspur
  • 1976 Longest non-stop passenger airflight (Sydney to San Francisco 13h 14m)
  • 1979 Strikes against price increases in Gdańsk, Poland
  • 1979 Saudi Arabia raises marker crude price to $24 per barrel
  • 1981 Poland's authoritarian communist government declares martial law and arrests Solidarity activists in a failed attempt to crush the opposition
  • 1982 Earthquake hits Northern Yemen; 2,000 die
  • 1983 Islander's Butch Goring scorings 4 goals against Oilers
  • 1983 KYA-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KOIT
  • 1983 Martha Layne Collins inaugurated as Kentucky's 1st female governor
  • 1984 Artificial heart recipient William Schroeder suffers 1st stroke
  • 1987 Belgium Christian Democrats (CVP) loses parliamentary election
  • 1987 Browns set club record for most points scored in a quarter, 28
  • 1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1988 3 men end 29-hr all-466-station subway ride in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Yasser Arafat addresses UN in Geneva

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 1989 The last issue of Gnistan (The Spark), the organ of the Solidaritetspartiet, is published in Sweden
  • 1990 Heavy earthquake strikes Sicily, 18 die

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1990 South African President F. W. de Klerk meets with Nelson Mandela to talk of end of apartheid

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
South African President F. W. de Klerk
South African President
F. W. de Klerk
  • 1990 US Secretary of State Baker questions Iraq's seriousness about Middle East peace
  • 1991 Both North and South Korea sign an accord calling for reconciliation
  • 1991 NY assembly speaker Mel Miller is convicted of federal mail fraud

Birthdays in History

  • 1521 Pope Sixtus V [Felice Piergentile], Pope of the Catholic Church (1585-90), born in Grottammare, Papal States (d. 1590)
  • 1533 Erik XIV, King of Sweden (1560-69), born in Stockholm (d. 1577)

Person of interestHenry IV of France

1553 Henry IV, 1st Bourbon King of Navarra (1572-1610) and France (1589-1610), born in Pau, Navarre (d. 1610)

  • 1585 William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet, born in Hawthornden Castle, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1649)
  • 1640 Robert Plot, English naturalist, born in Borden, Kent (d. 1696)
  • 1662 Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist, born in Verona, Italy (d. 1729)
  • 1678 Yongzheng, 4th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, born in Yonghe Palace, Forbidden City, China (d. 1735)
  • 1720 Carlo Gozzi, Italian dramatist, born in Venice (d. 1804)
  • 1724 Franz Aepinus, German physician and physicist, born in Rostock, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d. 1802)
  • 1784 Archduke Louis of Austria, 14th child of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and Feldmarschal-Leutnant of Austrian Imperial Army, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1864)
  • 1804 Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (3rd Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1873)
  • 1810 Clark Mills, American sculptor (Freedom, Armed Liberty) (d. 1883)
  • 1816 Clement Claiborne Clay, American politician (U.S. Senator from Alabama), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1882)

Person of interestWerner von Siemens

1816 [Ernst] Werner von Siemens, German inventor (siemens electrical conductance unit) and industrialist (Siemens corporation), born in Lenthe, German Confederation (d. 1892)

Industrialist and Inventor Werner von Siemens
Industrialist and Inventor
Werner von Siemens

Person of interestMary Todd Lincoln

1818 Mary Todd Lincoln, American wife of Abraham Lincoln and US First Lady (1861-65), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1882)

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • 1836 Franz von Lenbach, German painter, born in Schrobenhausen, Bavaria (d. 1904)
  • 1856 Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, born in Umetić, Croatian Military Frontier, Austrian Empire (d. 1920)
  • 1863 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1864 Emil Seidel, German-American politician (36th Mayor of Milwaukee), born in Ashland, Pennsylvania (d. 1947)
  • 1867 Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian explorer and scientist (nominated 7 times for Nobel Prize), born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1917)
  • 1871 Herman Theodoor Colenbrander, Dutch historian, born in Drachten, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1871 Russell W. Porter, American artist and explorer (Alaska), born in Springfield, Vermont (d. 1949)
  • 1871 Emily Carr, Canadian painter, born in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (d. 1945)
  • 1874 Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), born in Augsburg, Germany (d. 1954)
  • 1883 Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian, bibliographer and archivist, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1950)
  • 1886 Lambertus Johannes van Apeldoorn, Dutch lawyer (martial law), born in IJlst, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • 1887 Alvin York, American World War I soldier who led a famed attack on a German machine gun nest (Medal of Honor), born in Pall Mall, Tennessee (d. 1964)
  • 1887 George Pólya, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1985)
  • 1890 Marc Connelly, American playwright (One Minute Please), born in McKeesport, Pennsylvania (d. 1980)
  • 1899 Harold Guinzburg, American publisher (founder of Literary Guild), born in NYC, New York (d. 1961)
  • 1902 Talcott Parsons, American sociologist, born in Colorado Springs, Colorado (d. 1979)
  • 1903 Yevgeny Petrov [Yevgeny Petrovich Kataev], Soviet writer, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1942)
  • 1903 John Piper, British writer (US Churches in WWI) and official war painter, born in Epsom, Surrey, England (d. 1992)
  • 1906 Laurens Jan van der Post, South African-born writer, soldier, explorer and conservationist, born in Philippolis (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Charles Alfred Coulson, British chemist (theoretical), born in Dudley, England (d. 1974)

Person of interestKenneth Patchen

1911 Kenneth Patchen, American poet and novelist (Cloth of the Tempest), born in Niles, Ohio (d. 1972)

Poet and Novelist Kenneth Patchen
Poet and Novelist
Kenneth Patchen
  • 1911 Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and 1989 Nobel laureate for his contributions to econometrics, born in Skedsmo, Norway (d. 1999)
  • 1913 John Wyndham Pope-Hennessy, English art historian and director of British Museum (1974-76), born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Alan Bullock, British historian and author (Hitler: A Study in Tyranny), born in Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England (d. 2004)
  • 1915 Balthazar Johannes Vorster, Prime Minister of South Africa (1966-77), born in Uitenhage, Eastern Cape, South Africa (d. 1983)
  • 1915 Ross MacDonald [Kenneth Millar], American-Canadian detective novelist (Goodbye Look), born in Los Gatos, California (d. 1983)
  • 1915 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Vilnius, Lithuania, Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
  • 1919 Hans-Joachim Marseille, German flying ace of World War II (d. 1942)
  • 1920 Kaysone Phomvihane, President of Laos (Pathet Lao) (1991-92), born in Na Seng village, Khanthabouli district (d. 1992)
  • 1920 George P. Shultz, American economist, businessman and 60th Secretary of State (1982-89), born in NYC, New York
  • 1922 José Sarria, American political activist, drag queen and 1st openly gay candidate for public office in the US (1961), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2013)
  • 1923 Fred van der Spek, Dutch 2nd chamber member (PSP), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Antoni Tapies, Spanish painter, sculptor and theorist (Dau al Set), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Frankie Fraser, English gangster who spent 42 years in jail, born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • 1928 W Gordon Smith, Scottish playwright, born in Edinburgh (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Jack Tramiel, American Businessman (Amiga, Commodore 64), born in Łódź, Poland (d. 2012)
  • 1935 Tom Wakefield, British writer, born in Staffordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • 1936 Karim Aga Khan, Imam of Nizari-Ismaili Shia Islam, born in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1942 Anna Eshoo, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in New Britain, Connecticut
  • 1944 Dick Dees, Dutch politician, born in Oostburg, Netherlands
  • 1945 Ann Syrdal, American psychologist and computer science researcher (developed female synthetic voices at AT&T), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2020)
  • 1948 Jeff "Skunk" Baxter, American guitarist (Steely Dan, The Doobie Brothers), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1948 Ted Nugent, American guitarist (Cat Scratch Fever, Damn Yankees) and right-wing gun advocate,, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1948 Brian Wilson, British Labour politician, born in Dunoon, Scotland
  • 1949 R. A. MacAvoy, American sci-fi author (Damiano's Lute, Raphael), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1953 Thomas E. Sanders, American aerial cameraman (Living Daylights), born in San Pedro, California (d. 2017)

Person of interestBen Bernanke

1953 Ben Bernanke, American economist and Chairman of the Federal Reserve (2006-14), born in Augusta, Georgia

Economist and Chairman of the Federal Reserve Ben Bernanke
Economist and Chairman of the Federal Reserve
Ben Bernanke
  • 1954 Tamora Pierce, American author of fantasy fiction (The Song of the Lioness), born in South Connellsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Jean-Marie Messier, French businessman, born in Grenoble, France
  • 1965 Marko Mäetamm, Estonian artist, born in Viljandi, Estonia
  • 1966 Ross Burden, New Zealand celebrity chef, born in Napier, New Zealand (d. 2014)
  • 1971 Miguel Angel Martinez Soto, mariachi
  • 1974 Sara Cox, English TV and radio presenter (The Radio 1 Breakfast Show), born in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England
  • 1978 B.J. Penn, American mixed martial artist, born in Kailua, Hawaii
  • 2005 Prince Aymeric of Belgium, twin and third child of Prince Laurent and Princess Claire of Belgium, born in St-Luc University Hospital, Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, Belgium
  • 2005 Prince Nicolas of Belgium, twin and second child of Prince Laurent and Princess Claire of Belgium, born in St-Luc University Hospital, Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, Belgium

Weddings in History

  • 862 Boudouin Iron Arm & Count of Flanders, elopes with Princess Judith, daughter King Charles of West Francia

LoveWedding of Interest

1951 Future British PM Margaret Roberts (26) weds businessman Denis Thatcher (36) at Wesley's Chapel in City Road, London

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher

Deaths in History

  • 838 Pippijn I, King of Aquitania, dies
  • 1048 Al-Biruni, Arabic royal astrologer, dies at 74
  • 1124 Callistus/Callixtus II, [Guido di Borgogna], Italian Pope (1119-24), dies
  • 1126 Henry IX, the Black, Duke of Bavaria (1120-26), dies
  • 1204 Maimonides, Jewish philosopher/talmudic scholar, dies in Cairo at 69
  • 1250 Frederick II, German Emperor (1212-1250), dies at 55
  • 1404 Albert I, Duke of Bavaria and third son of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, dies at 74

Person of interestDonatello

1466 Donatello, Florentine artist and Renaissance sculptor, dies at around 80

Sculptor Donatello
Sculptor
Donatello
  • 1516 Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer, dies at 54
  • 1521 Manuel I, King of Portugal (1495-1521) during era of Portuguese exploration known as "Manuel The Fortunate", dies at 52
  • 1557 Niccolo Tartaglia, Italian mathematician, dies
  • 1565 Conrad Gessner, Swiss physician and naturalist, dies at 49

Person of interestSelim II

1574 Selim II "the blonde", 11th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1566-74), dies of head injury after a fall at 50

Ottoman Sultan Selim II
Ottoman Sultan
Selim II
  • 1603 François Viète, French mathematician dies in Paris (b. 1540)
  • 1621 Katarina Stenbock, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1535)
  • 1650 Phineas Fletcher, English poet, dies at 68
  • 1693 Dodoftei, Romanian metropolitan of Moldavia/writer (Saint Lives), dies
  • 1693 Willem Van de Velde, Dutch the Old, seascape painter, dies at about 82
  • 1716 Charles de La Fosse, French painter (b. 1640)
  • 1721 Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor and castaway, inspiration for Robinson Crusoe (b. 1676)
  • 1729 Anthony Collins, English philosopher (A discourse on free-thinking), dies at 53
  • 1769 Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet and novelist (Fables & Tales), dies at 54
  • 1774 Susanne K von Klettenberg, German friend of Goethes mother, dies at 50
  • 1783 Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (b. 1717)

Person of interestSamuel Johnson

1784 Samuel Johnson, English scholar and lexicographer (A Dictionary of the English Language), dies at 75

Scholar and Lexicographer Samuel Johnson
Scholar and Lexicographer
Samuel Johnson
  • 1814 Charles Joseph, 7th Prince of Ligne, Belgium fieldmarshal and author, dies at 79
  • 1835 John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1760)
  • 1837 Herman of Alaska, Russian Orthodox hermit (b. 1756)
  • 1862 Conrad Feger Jackson, US Union brigadier general, dies in Battle of Fredericksburg at 49
  • 1862 Maxcy Gregg, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in Battle of Fredericksburg at 48
  • 1862 Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in Battle of Fredericksburg at 39
  • 1863 Friedrich Hebbel, writer, dies at 50
  • 1868 Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist and explorer, dies at 74
  • 1872 Helena Beeloo, a maid, murdered by Henry Jut at the Hague, Netherlands
  • 1872 W T van der Kouwen-ten Cate, murdered by Henry Jut at the Hague, Netherlands
  • 1881 August Senoa, Croatian writer (Kletva [The Curse]), dies at 43
  • 1883 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)
  • 1894 Sarah Parker Remond, African-American abolitionist, dies at 68
  • 1895 Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (b. 1800)
  • 1908 Augustus Le Plongeon, French-American photographer and antiquitarian, dies at 83
  • 1909 Innokenti Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter, dies of heart attack at 54
  • 1915 Francis Cockrell, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 81
  • 1919 Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (b. 1850)
  • 1922 Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic politician and poet (b. 1861)

Person of interestSamuel Gompers

1924 Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader (American Federation of Labor), dies at 74

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • 1930 Fritz Pregl, Slovenian/Austrian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1931 Gustave le Bon, French psychologist (b. 1840)
  • 1932 Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter (b. 1853)
  • 1934 Thomas A. Watson, American assistant to Alexander Graham Bell (b. 1854)
  • 1935 Victor Grignard, French chemist (Nobel 1912 - development of the Grignard reaction), dies at 64
  • 1940 Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval, French physicist and inventor of the moving-coil D'Arsonval galvanometer, dies at 89
  • 1942 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • 1944 Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), dies at 78
  • 1945 Robert van Genechten, Dutch Nazi (NSB), commits suicide
  • 1945 Elisabeth Volkenrath, supervisor at concentration camps (b. 1919)
  • 1947 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, dies at 73
  • 1950 Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician (field of statistical sequential analysis), dies at 48
  • 1954 John Raymond Hubbell, American writer (b. 1879)
  • 1955 Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1958 Ahmed Mukhtar Baban, premier of Iraq, executed
  • 1958 Barhanuddin Bashajan, Iraqi minister of Foreign affairs, executed
  • 1958 Rafiq Aref, Iraqi chief-staff Arabs Statenbond, executed

Person of interestGrandma Moses

1961 Grandma Moses [Anna M], American painter, dies at 101

Primitive Painter Grandma Moses
Primitive Painter
Grandma Moses
  • 1963 Hubert ME Pierlot, Belgian advocate/premier (1939-45), dies at 79
  • 1965 Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (WWII, Korean War & Vietnam War), dies at 60
  • 1969 Raymond A Spruance, U.S. Navy admiral (Battle of Midway), dies at 83
  • 1971 Max Mell, Austria artillery officer and literary (Donauweibchen), dies at 88
  • 1973 Henry Green, English author (b. 1905)
  • 1974 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, dies at 85
  • 1974 John G. Bennett, British scientist and author, dies at 77
  • 1975 Hendrik Johan Kruls, Dutch general and chief military authority (1944-46), dies at 73
  • 1976 Eduard Claudius, writer, dies
  • 1980 Harm van Riel, Dutch Liberal Party politician, dies at 73
  • 1983 Mary Renault [Challans], British author (King Must Die, Funeral games), dies at 78
  • 1983 Alexander Schmemann, Orthodox Christian priest and theologian (b. 1921)
  • 1983 Nichita Stanescu, Romanian poet (b. 1933
  • 1991 Andre Pieyre de Mandiargues, French writer (La marge), dies at 82
  • 1992 K.C. Irving, Canadian industrialist (b. 1899)
  • 1992 Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman and heir (Pan Am Airways), dies at 93
  • 1992 Robert Shone, British economist and director-general (NEDC), dies at 86
  • 1993 Charles JB Jonckheere, Flemish poet/writer: Ogentroost, dies at 87
  • 1994 Antoine Pinay, Prime Minister of France (1952-53), dies
  • 1994 Herman W "Fritz" Liebert, US librarian/Yale-curator, dies at 83
  • 1995 Evangeline Bruce, hostess, dies at 81
  • 1996 Cao Yu, Chinese dramatist (Peking Man), dies at 86
  • 1996 Charles Edwin Molnar, computer pioneer, dies at 61
  • 1997 Alexander Oppenheim, mathematician, dies at 94
  • 1997 Martin Carter, Guyanese poet and political activist, dies at 70
  • 1997 Rafael Jose Fernandez de la Calzada y Ferrer, restaurateur, dies at 83
  • 1999 Allen Breed, American inventor of the first automotive airbag sensor, dies of a heart attack while suffering from lung cancer, at 72
  • 2003 William V. Roth, Jr., U.S. Senator (b. 1921)
  • 2004 David Wheeler, English computer scientist (b. 1927)
  • 2005 Stanley Tookie Williams, co-founder of the Crips and convicted murderer (b. 1953)
  • 2006 Henry Beachell, American plant breeder, dies at 100
  • 2007 Mark Partridge, Rhodesian politician
  • 2010 Richard Holbrooke, American diplomat (b. 1941)
  • 2011 Russell Hoban, American author (creator of 'Frances' series), dies at 86
  • 2011 Park Tae-joon, South Korean general and founder of steel giant Posco, dies at 84
  • 2016 Thomas Schelling, American economist, (Nobel Prize 2005 - game-theory analysis), dies at 95
  • 2017 Bette Howland [Lee Sotonoff], American writer and literary critic (Blue in Chicago, The iron year), dies from multiple sclerosis and dementia at 80