On This Day in History for December 13
Events in History
- 1294 Saint Celestine V abdicates the papacy after only five months; Celestine hoped to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit.
- 1355 The greatest traveller of his age, Ibn Battuta of Tangier completes his work "The Travels" detailing his 29 years spent travelling the Islamic world and beyond, including to India, China and Indonesia
- 1545 Council of Trent (19th ecumenical council) opened by Pope Paul III
- 1570 Sweden and Denmark signs Peace of Stettin
- 1572 Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet (confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under admiral Lumey
- 1577 Francis Drake sets sail from England on an epic three year circumnavigation of the world aboard the 'Pelican' (later renamed the 'Golden Hind')
- 1621 Emperor Ferdinand II delegates 1st anti-Reformation decree
- 1636 The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. Recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard.
- More Events in History
Weddings in History
- 862 Boudouin Iron Arm & Count of Flanders, elopes with Princess Judith, daughter King Charles of West Francia
- 1951 Future British PM Margaret Roberts (26) weds businessman Denis Thatcher (36) at Wesley's Chapel in City Road, London
More Weddings in History
December in History
A King Salutes Remarkable Woman SoldierWhether she went to war out of love or duty, Phoebe Hessel, who died on this day, led a remarkable life on and off the battlefield.
December 12, 1821
Heartbreak and Tragedy for Captain ScottBeaten to the South Pole by Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen on this day, only despair and death awaited British explorer Captain Robert Scott.
December 14, 1911
Dayton AgreementThe full and official signing of the Dayton Agreement in Paris, France
December 14, 1995
The Tower that Twice Defied HitlerThe Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of France and twice managed to upstage Adolf Hitler. The man who built it, Gustave Eiffel was born on this day.
December 15, 1832