On This Day in History for December 14

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 130

  • 557 Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire, is significantly damaged by a 6.4 magnitude earthquake
  • 644 Uthman ibn Affan, companion of Muhammad, appointed 3rd Caliph of Islam
  • 835 Chinese Emperor Wenzong conspires with chancellor Li Xun and general Zheng Zhu to kill all the eunuchs, but the plot is foiled. Also known as the Sweet Dew Incident
  • 867 Adrian II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 872 John VIII elected as Catholic Pope
  • 1124 Theobald Buccapecus elected Pope Coelestinus II (he refuses)
  • 1287 During St. Lucia's Flood in Northwest Netherlands the Zuiderzee seawall collapses with loss of over 50,000 lives. Fifth largest recorded flood in history

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1542 Princess Mary Stuart succeeds her father James V and becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland at 6 days old

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1575 Polish Parliament selects Istvan Bathory as king of Poland
  • 1582 Zealand, Brabant Netherlands adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 12/25
  • 1600 Olivier van Noort sinks Spanish galleon San Diego at Bay of Manila, 350 die
  • 1656 Artificial pearls 1st manufactured by M Jacquin in Paris made of gypsum pellets covered with fish scales
  • 1702 The Forty-seven Ronin, under the command of Ōishi Kuranosuke, avenge the death of their master
  • 1708 Prosper Jolyot's "Electre" premieres in Paris
  • 1751 The first military academy in the world, the Theresian Military Academy, is founded in Austria
  • 1774 Portsmouth, New Hampshire militiamen successfully attack arsenal of Ft William & Mary
  • 1782 Charleston, South Carolina evacuated by British
  • 1793 1st state road authorized, Frankfort, Kentucky to Cincinnati
  • 1798 David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patents a nut & bolt machine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 The French Invasion of Russia, led by Napoleon, officially ends

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814 The Battle of Lake Borgne in Louisiana: British victory over the United States
  • 1819 Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state
  • 1836 The Toledo War unofficially ends
  • 1862 Battle of Kinston, fought in Lenoir County, North Carolina begins (Goldsboro Expedition), Union victory (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle of Bean's Station-Confederacy repulses Union in Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 Henry Morton Stanley returns to Brussels from the Congo

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1889 American Academy of Political & Social Science organized in Philadelphia
  • 1896 The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1897 Emilio Aguinaldo signs the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, to end hostilities and dissolve his government, in exchange for amnesty and "$800,000 (Mexican)" as an indemnity

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1900 Birth of Quantum Physics: German Physicist Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law
  • 1900 France and Italy sign a secret agreement by which Italy recognizes France's right to exploit Morocco in return for France's conceding her the same right in Tripoli
  • 1903 The Wright brothers attempt to fly the Wright Flyer for the first time at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
  • 1907 The schooner Thomas W. Lawson runs aground and founders near the Hellweather's Reef within the Scilly Isles in a gale. The pilot and 15 seamen die.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Norwegian Roald Amundsen's expedition is the 1st to each the South Pole

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1913 Greece formally takes possession of Crete
  • 1914 Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressist Party (Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires.
  • 1916 America's first board certified doctors are named by the American Board of Ophthalmology following an examination at the University of Tennessee Medical School in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1917 UFA, Universal Film AG, forms in Germany
  • 1918 David Loyd George's coalition Government wins a clear majority in the UK general election
  • 1918 Sinn Fein candidates win 73 of 105 Irish seats in UK general election, though all will refuse to take seats in Westminster, instead meeting at a Dail Eireann in Dublin
  • 1923 Gerard K "Simon" van het Reve, Dutch writer (Evenings)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Chiang Kai-shek occupies Hankou

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1926 Danish Madsen government forms
  • 1927 Iraq gains independence from Britain, but British troops remain
  • 1929 Alexander Zaimis elected president of Greece
  • 1931 1st assembly of Anton Musserts NSB in Utrecht
  • 1932 French government of Herriot falls
  • 1933 Josephine Baker performs in Amsterdam
  • 1934 1st streamlined steam locomotive introduced (Albany NY)
  • 1938 AL permits Cleveland & Philadelphia to play night games
  • 1938 Will Harridge is elected to a 10-year-term as AL president

  • 1939 Soviet Union attacks Finland-League of Nations drops Soviet Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Premier Winston Churchill travels to US on board HMS Duke of York

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1941 U-557 torpedoes British cruiser Galatea
  • 1941 Japan and Thailand sign a treaty of alliance
  • 1944 Begin(ning) Liese-Aktion: werving of labor force for Germany
  • 1944 Congress establshes rank of General of Army (5-star General)
  • 1944 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland
  • 1945 Elmer Rice' "Dream Girl" premieres in NYC
  • 1946 Togo made a trusteeship territory of UN
  • 1946 UN General Assembly votes to establish UN HQs in New York City
  • 1950 UN Gen Assembly establishes High Comm for Refugees (Nobel 1954)
  • 1952 Uprising of captives in Pongam South Korea, 82 die
  • 1955 Dutch Reformed Church condemns woman/wife as vicar
  • 1955 Tappan Zee Bridge in NY opens to traffic
  • 1955 16 countries join the United Nations, including Austria, Finland, Italy, and Spain
  • 1956 Paul-Henri Spaak appointed secretary-general of NATO
  • 1959 Archbishop Makarios proclaimed president of Cyprus
  • 1959 J B Jordan in F-104C sets world altitude record, 31,513m
  • 1960 Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD) forms
  • 1961 Jimmy Dean's "Big Bad John" is 1st country song to get a gold record
  • 1962 Mariner 2 makes 1st US fly-by of another planet (Venus)
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Verne Gagne beats The Crusher in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1964 Michael Brown meets Renee Fladen, then writes "Walk Away Renee"
  • 1967 DNA created in a test tube

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Lester B. Pearson (PM of Canada) announces that he is retiring from politics, and is succeeded by Pierre Trudeau

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • 1969 "La Strada" opens/closes at Lunt Fontanne NYC for 1 performance
  • 1969 Bishen Bedi takes 7-98 (career-best) v Australia at Calcutta
  • 1969 Jackson Five made their 1st appearance on "Ed Sullivan Show"
  • 1971 Golden Gate Bridge lights out all night due to power failure
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 The Pakistan Army executes an estimated 1,111 of East Pakistan's intellectuals during the Bangladesh Liberation War
  • 1972 Eugene Cernan & Harrison Schmitt leave the Moon
  • 1974 Islander Glenn Resch's 1st shut-out opponent-Kings 3-0
  • 1975 6 So Moluccan terrorists surrender, holding 23 hostages for 12 days
  • 1975 WCPR (Brooklyn New York pirate radio station) begins broadcasting on 1620 AM
  • 1976 Dutch 1st Chamber condemns Dutch Liberal/social dem abortion laws
  • 1977 Egyptian & Israeli representatives gather in Cairo for first formal peace conference
  • 1977 War criminal Pieter Menten sentenced in Amsterdam to 15 years
  • 1978 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 "Onward Victoria" opens and closes at Martin Beck NYC after 1 performance
  • 1980 Anders Kailur scores on 6th Islander penalty shot
  • 1980 At 2 PM EST there is 10 minutes of silence in memory of John Lennon
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 Massacre at Bob's Big Boy restaurant in Los Angeles with 3 people killed and 6 injured
  • 1981 Israel annexes Golan Heights (seized from Syria in war of 1967)
  • 1984 Sportscaster Howard Cosell retires from Monday Night Football

Birthdays in History

  • 1009 Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (d. 1045)
  • 1363 John Van [Jean C] Gerson, French theologist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1503 Nostradamus [Michel de Nostre-Dam], French astrologist and prophet (Les Propheties), born in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, France (d. 1566)

Astrologer/Prophet Nostradamus

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1546 Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer (Golden nose), born in Knudstrup, Denmark (d. 1601)

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe
  • 1625 Barthélemy d'Herbelot de Molainville, French orientalist (d. 1695)
  • 1631 Anne Conway, Viscountess Conway, English philosopher (d. 1679)
  • 1640 (baptism date) - Aphra Behn, English playwright and novelist (d. 1689)
  • 1678 Daniel Neal, English historian (d. 1743)
  • 1720 Justus Möser, German statesman (d. 1794)
  • 1775 Philander Chase, American founder of Kenyon College (d. 1852)
  • 1775 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral (d. 1860)
  • 1777 Juan N Gallego, Spanish poet/interpreter (El dos the mayo)
  • 1780 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, Germ/Russian minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1784 Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias (d. 1806)
  • 1787 Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1816)
  • 1791 Charles Wolfe, Irish poet (d. 1823)
  • 1794 Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (d. 1872)
  • 1812 Charles J Canning, English earl/1st viceroy of British-Indies
  • 1824 Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (d. 1898)
  • 1829 John Mercer Langston, 1st African American to hold US political office
  • 1830 Allen Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • 1832 Daniel Harris Reynolds, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1902)
  • 1837 William Wells, American businessman, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Waterbury, Vermont (d. 1892)
  • 1853 Salvador Diaz Miron, Mexican poet (Los Cien Mejores Poemas)
  • 1862 Alexander V Amfiteatrov, Russian/French/Italian writer [OS]
  • 1862 John M Acket, Dutch literary (Grammatic Conceptions)
  • 1866 Roger Fry, English artist and art critic (d. 1934)
  • 1870 Dirk J de Geer, Dutch premier (1926-29, 39-40)
  • 1870 Karl Renner, Austrian Chancellor/president (1918-20, 45-50)
  • 1883 Morihei Ueshiba "the founder" founder of the Japanese martial art of aikido
  • 1884 Regina Ullmann, writer
  • 1895 Paul Eluard, French poet (d. 1952)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1895 George VI, King of the United Kingdom (1936-52), born in Norfolk, England (d. 1952)

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1896 James Doolittle, USAF General who conducted the raid on Tokyo in 1942, born in Alameda, California (d. 1993)

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • 1897 Margaret Chase Smith, (Rep/Sen-R-Maine)
  • 1897 Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (d. 1977)
  • 1901 Paul I, King of Greece (1947-64)
  • 1908 Mária Szepes, Hungarian authoress (d. 2007)
  • 1909 Edward L Tatum, American molecular geneticist and biochemist (Nobel Prize 1958), born in Boulder, Colorado (d. 1975)
  • 1909 Phia [Sophia R] Berghout, harpist/founder Eduard of Beinumstichting
  • 1911 Ota Adler, Czech/British fur trader/founder (Federal Trust)
  • 1911 Hans von Ohain, German-American aerospace engineer (d. 1998)
  • 1914 Karl Carstens, German (CDU)/pres Germany (1979-84)
  • 1914 Attila Petschauer, Hungarian fencer (d. 1943)
  • 1915 Clay Warnick, choral director (Jimmie Rodgers Show), born in Tacoma, Washington

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916 Shirley Jackson, writer (Road Through the Wall), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1965)

  • 1917 June Taylor, American choreographer (d. 2004)
  • 1918 James T. Aubrey, American television executive (d. 1994)
  • 1918 B.K.S. Iyengar, Indian yoga advocate
  • 1920 Albertus Meintser, office clerk/resistance fighter
  • 1920 Quinton Hazell, businessman
  • 1923 Gerard K "Simon" van het Reve, Dutch writer (Evenings, Dear Guys)
  • 1923 Leonardus S van Egeraat, Dutch travel expert
  • 1927 Jacobus G Rietkerk, Dutch internal minister (VVD) (1982-86)
  • 1931 Jon Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Étienne Tshisekedi, Congolese opposition leader, born in Luluabourg, Central Congo (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Petrus van Doorne, Dutch industrialist
  • 1936 Robert Alan Ridley Parker, American PhD/astronaut (STS 9, STS 35), born in NYC, New York
  • 1938 Leonardo Boff, Brazilian Catholic theologian (liberation theology) and writer, born in Concórdia, Santa Catarina, Brazil
  • 1940 Lex Gold, Scottish football administrator
  • 1941 Ellen Willis, American journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1942 David Band, British banker (BZW) (d. 1996)
  • 1946 Anthonius A M "Ton" Kors, Dutch writer (Hannie Schaft)
  • 1946 Michael Ovitz, president (Walt Disney Co)
  • 1947 Linda Sutton, English artist
  • 1947 Dilma Rousseff, Brazilian politician, President of Brazil (2011-16), born in Belo Horizonte
  • 1948 Kim Beazley, Australian politician
  • 1951 Jan Timman, Dutch chess player
  • 1953 Vangelis Meimarakis, Greek lawyer and politician
  • 1953 Mikael Odenberg, Swedish politician
  • 1954 Hans William Schlegel, Oberlingen Germany, Astronaut (STS 55)
  • 1954 Steven Glenwood MacLean, astronaut (STS 52), born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1957 Gary Ferris, American author
  • 1960 Catherine G Coleman, Phd/Capt USAF/astronaut (STS 73), born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1960 Bob Paris, American bodybuilder and gay rights advocate
  • 1960 James Comey, American lawyer and former FBI director, born in Yonkers, New York
  • 1962 Glenda E Gray, South African scientist specializing in HIV research, born in Boksburg, South Africa
  • 1967 Ewa Białołęcka, Polish writer
  • 1976 Leland Chapman, American bounty hunter
  • 1985 Paul Rabil, professional lacrosse player
  • 1995 Princess Olimpia Preslavska of Bulgaria

Weddings in History

  • 1490 Anna van Bretagne marries a proxy Maximilian of Austria

HeartWedding of Interest

1780 US founding father Alexander Hamilton (25) weds Elizabeth Schuyler (23) at Schuyler Mansion in Albany, New York

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton

Deaths in History

  • 872 Adrian II, Italian Pope (867-72) the last married pope, dies at about 80
  • 1077 Agnes of Poitou, German empress/wife of emperor Henry III, dies
  • 1136 Harald IV, "Gylle Krist", king of Norway, murdered
  • 1417 John Oldcastle, Lord Cobham, English nobleman, hanged & burned
  • 1460 Guarino da Verona (b. 1370)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1476 vlad III the Impaler, Wallachian prince, killed in battle at 45

Wallachian Prince Vlad the Impaler
Wallachian Prince
Vlad the Impaler
  • 1510 Duke Friedrich of Saxony, 36th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (1498-1510), dies at 37
  • 1542 James V, King of Scots (1513-42), dies at 30
  • 1553 Hanibal Lucić, Croatian writer (b. 1485)
  • 1591 John of the Cross, [Juan de Yepes y Álvarez], Spanish Carmelite friar, poet and saint, dies at 49
  • 1624 Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, English statesman (b. 1536)
  • 1651 Pierre Dupuy, French scholar (b. 1582)
  • 1713 Thomas Rymer, English historian (b. 1641)
  • 1715 Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1636)
  • 1734 Noel-Nicolas Coypel, French painter/cartoonist, dies at 44
  • 1735 Thomas Tanner, English bishop and antiquarian (b. 1674)
  • 1741 Charles Rollin, French historian (b. 1661)
  • 1754 Mahmud I, sultan of Turkey, dies at 58
  • 1760 Kacic Miosic, Croatian poet (Razgovar Ugodni Naroda Slovinskoga), dies
  • 1788 Carlos III, King of Naples/Spain (1759-88), dies at 72

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1799 George Washington, first President of the United States (1789-97), dies at 66

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1823 Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naple revolution 1799), dies at 53
  • 1838 Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote (b. 1806)
  • 1861 Albert, Prince consort of England and husband of Queen Victoria, dies at 42

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1861 George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Peelite: 1852-55) and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, dies at 76

British Prime Minister George Hamilton-Gordon
British Prime Minister
George Hamilton-Gordon
  • 1862 George Dashiell Bayard, Union Brigadier General, dies at 27
  • 1865 Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist (b. 1794)
  • 1873 J Louis R Agassiz, Swiss geologist/paleo-biologist), dies
  • 1893 Karolina Pawlowa, writer, dies at 86
  • 1900 Jean B A Kessler, director of oil on Dutch Indies, dies at 46
  • 1903 William Ennis, 1st cop to die in electric chair
  • 1906 John A C Oudemans, Dutch geographer/astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1909 Leopold II, king of Belgium, dies
  • 1912 Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis, British Army lieutenant (b. 1887)
  • 1918 Sidonio Pais, prince of Portugal, murdered
  • 1926 Theo van Rysselberghe, Belgian painter (pointillism), dies at 64
  • 1927 Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (b. 1842)
  • 1935 Stanley G Weinbaum, American sci-fi writer (Martian Odyssey), dies
  • 1942 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch trade union leader, dies at 61
  • 1945 Henry van Goudoever, Dutch lawyer/judge, dies on his 69th birthday
  • 1945 Josef Kramer, known as "The Beast of Belsen," & 10 others, hanged
  • 1947 Franz Zorell, German RC lexicographer, dies at 84

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1947 Stanley Baldwin, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1923-24, 1924-29, 1935-37), dies at 80

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • 1947 Edward Higgins, General of The Salvation Army (b. 1864)
  • 1950 Albrecht Schaeffer, German writer (Heroische Fahrt), dies at 65
  • 1956 Juho Kusti Paasikivi, president of Finland (b. 1870)
  • 1959 Maria EG "Lizzy" Ansingh, Dutch painter (Cast Off), dies at 84
  • 1963 Erich Ollenhauer, German politician (SPD), dies at 62
  • 1970 Franz Schlegelberger, German Nazi politician (b. 1876)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1974 Walter Lippmann, American journalist (Public Opinion), dies at 85

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann
  • 1978 Salvador de Madariaga, Spanish diplomat, writer, historian and pacifist (b. 1886)
  • 1984 Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer and Nobel laureate (b. 1898)
  • 1985 Stanley G[rauman] Weinbaum, American sci-fi author (Red Peri), dies at 85
  • 1985 Catherine Doherty, Russian-born Canadian activist, dies at 89

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1989 Andrei Sakharov, Russian physicist/dissident (Nobel 1975), dies at 68

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov
  • 1990 Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss writer, dies of heart failure at 69
  • 1990 Johannes von Thurn und Taxis, prince in Germany, dies at 64
  • 1994 Petrus HJ van Doorne, bus manufacturer/owner (BOVA), dies at 58
  • 1994 Orval Faubus, Governor of Arkansas (b. 1910)
  • 1996 Alan Hargreaves, climber, dies at 92
  • 1997 Owen Barfield, British philosopher of language, dies at 99
  • 1997 Robert Sutton, electronics engineer, dies at 82
  • 1998 Annette Strauss, American philanthropist (b. 1924)
  • 1998 Aloyisus Leon Higginbotham, Jr., American civil rights activist and author (b. 1928)
  • 2001 W. G. Sebald, German writer (b. 1944)
  • 2003 Blas Ople, foreign minister of the Philippines (b. 1927)
  • 2005 Trevanian, American author (b. 1931)
  • 2006 Anton Balasingham, chief political strategist of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (b. 1938)
  • 2006 Ahmet Ertegün, Turkish-American businessman and co-founder of Atlantic Records, dies at 83
  • 2010 Timothy Davlin, American politician (b. 1957)
  • 2011 Boris Chertok, prominent Soviet and Russian rocket engineer, dies at 99
  • 2015 Lillian Vernon, founder and CEO of the Lillian Vernon Corporation (first company listed on US stock exchange started by a woman), dies at 88
  • 2017 Yú Guāngzhōng [Yu Kwang-chung], Taiwanese poet, essayist, and translator (Nostalgia), dies from respiratory failure at 89