On This Day

On This Day in History for December 14

Events in History

  • 557 Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire, is significantly damaged by a 6.4 magnitude earthquake
  • 644 Uthman ibn Affan, companion of Muhammad, appointed 3rd Caliph of Islam
  • 835 Chinese Emperor Wenzong conspires with chancellor Li Xun and general Zheng Zhu to kill all the eunuchs, but the plot is foiled. Also known as the Sweet Dew Incident
  • 867 Adrian II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 872 John VIII elected as Catholic Pope
  • 1124 Theobald Buccapecus elected Pope Coelestinus II (he refuses)
  • 1287 During St. Lucia's Flood in Northwest Netherlands the Zuiderzee seawall collapses with loss of over 50,000 lives. Fifth largest recorded flood in history

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1542 Princess Mary Stuart succeeds her father James V and becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland at 6 days old

Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots
  • 1575 Polish Parliament selects Istvan Bathory as king of Poland

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1582 Zealand, Brabant Netherlands adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 12/25

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • 1600 Olivier van Noort sinks Spanish galleon San Diego at Bay of Manila, 350 die
  • 1656 Artificial pearls 1st manufactured by M Jacquin in Paris made of gypsum pellets covered with fish scales
  • 1702 The Forty-seven Ronin (leaderless samurai), under the command of Ōishi Kuranosuke, avenge the death of their master in Japan
  • 1708 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon's play "Electre" premieres in Paris
  • 1751 The first military academy in the world, the Theresian Military Academy, is founded in Austria
  • 1774 First incident of American Revolution - 400 New Hampshire militiamen successfully attack Fort William and Mary
  • 1782 Charleston, South Carolina evacuated by the British
  • 1793 1st state road authorized, Frankfort, Kentucky, to Cincinnati
  • 1798 David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patents a nut & bolt machine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 The French invasion of Russia, led by Napoleon Bonaparte, officially ends with the French having lost as many as 530,000 people

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814 The Battle of Lake Borgne in Louisiana: British victory over the United States
  • 1819 Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state
  • 1836 The Toledo War unofficially ends, boundary dispute between Ohio state and territory of Michigan
  • 1862 Battle of Kinston, fought in Lenoir County, North Carolina begins (Goldsboro Expedition), Union victory (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle of Bean's Station-Confederacy repulses Union in Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 War of the Triple Alliance: Paraguay invades the Brazilian province of Mato Grosso

President of Paraguay Francisco Solano López
President of Paraguay
Francisco Solano López

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 Henry Morton Stanley returns to Brussels from the Congo

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1889 American Academy of Political & Social Science organized in Philadelphia
  • 1896 The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1897 Emilio Aguinaldo signs the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, to end hostilities and dissolve his government, in exchange for amnesty and "$800,000 (Mexican)" as an indemnity

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1900 Birth of Quantum Physics: German Physicist Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law
  • 1900 France and Italy sign a secret agreement by which Italy recognizes France's right to exploit Morocco in return for France's conceding her the same right in Tripoli
  • 1903 Reg Foster completes 287 England v Australia on his Test Cricket debut
  • 1903 The Wright brothers attempt to fly the Wright Flyer for the first time at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
  • 1907 The schooner Thomas W. Lawson runs aground and founders near the Hellweather's Reef within the Scilly Isles in a gale. The pilot and 15 seamen die.

Heartbreak and Tragedy for Captain ScottHeartbreak and Tragedy for Captain Scott

1911 Norwegian Roald Amundsen's expedition is the 1st to each the South Pole

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The British party, l-r Scott, Oates, Wilson and Evans reach Amundsen's tent. Photo: Henry Bowers/British Library
The British party, l-r Scott, Oates, Wilson and Evans reach Amundsen's tent. Photo: Henry Bowers/British Library
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  • 1913 Greece formally takes possession of Crete

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Harrison Narcotics Tax Act, to regulate and tax production, importation, and distribution of opiates and coca products

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1914 Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressist Party (Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires.
  • 1916 America's first board certified doctors are named by the American Board of Ophthalmology following an examination at the University of Tennessee Medical School in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1917 UFA, Universal Film AG, forms in Germany
  • 1918 David Loyd George's coalition Government wins a clear majority in the UK general election
  • 1918 Sinn Féin candidates win 73 of 105 Irish seats in UK general election, though all will refuse to take seats in Westminster, instead meeting at a Dail Eireann in Dublin
  • 1926 Thomas Madsen-Mygdal head of the Liberal Party forms a government in Denmark
  • 1927 Iraq gains independence from Britain, but British troops remain
  • 1929 Alexander Zaimis elected president of Greece
  • 1931 1st assembly of Anton Musserts NSB in Utrecht
  • 1932 French government of Édouard Herriot falls
  • 1934 1st streamlined steam locomotive introduced in Albany, NY
  • 1938 AL permits Cleveland & Philadelphia to play night games
  • 1939 Soviet Union attacks Finland-League of Nations drops Soviet Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Premier Winston Churchill travels to US on board HMS Duke of York

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1941 U-557 torpedoes British cruiser Galatea
  • 1941 Japan and Thailand sign a treaty of alliance
  • 1944 Beginning of Liese-Aktion: Germany tries to recruit Dutch men for the Germany labor force
  • 1944 US Congress establishes rank of General of Army (5-star General)
  • 1944 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1945 Elmer Rice's play "Dream Girl" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Novelist Elmer Rice
Playwright and Novelist
Elmer Rice
  • 1946 Togo made a trusteeship territory of UN
  • 1946 UN General Assembly votes to establish UN HQs in New York City
  • 1950 UN General Assembly establishes High Commission for Refugees, goes on to win Nobel Peace Prize in 1954
  • 1952 UN Troops kill 82 North Korean POWs during a prison camp riot in Pongam-do, South Korea
  • 1955 Tappan Zee Bridge in NY opens to traffic
  • 1955 16 countries join the United Nations, including Austria, Finland, Italy, and Spain
  • 1956 Paul-Henri Spaak appointed secretary-general of NATO
  • 1959 Archbishop Makarios proclaimed president of Cyprus
  • 1959 Joe B. Jordan in F-104C starfighter sets world altitude record, 31,513m
  • 1960 Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD) forms
  • 1961 Jimmy Dean's "Big Bad John" is 1st country song to get a gold record
  • 1962 Mariner 2 makes 1st US fly-by of another planet (Venus)
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Verne Gagne beats The Crusher in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1964 Michael Brown meets Renee Fladen, then writes "Walk Away Renee"
  • 1967 DNA created in a test tube

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Prime Minister of Canada, Lester B. Pearson announces that he is retiring from politics, succeeded by Pierre Trudeau

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • 1969 Bishen Bedi takes 7-98 (career-best) v Australia at Calcutta
  • 1971 Golden Gate Bridge lights out all night due to power failure
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 The Pakistan Army executes an estimated 1,111 of East Pakistan's intellectuals during the Bangladesh Liberation War
  • 1972 Eugene Cernan & Harrison Schmitt leave the Moon
  • 1974 Islander Glenn Resch's 1st shut-out opponent-Kings 3-0
  • 1975 6 So Moluccan terrorists surrender, holding 23 hostages for 12 days
  • 1975 WCPR (Brooklyn New York pirate radio station) begins broadcasting on 1620 AM
  • 1976 Dutch 1st Chamber condemns Dutch Liberal/social dem abortion laws
  • 1977 Egyptian & Israeli representatives gather in Cairo for first formal peace conference

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 War criminal Pieter Menten sentenced in Amsterdam to 15 years

War Criminal Pieter Menten
War Criminal
Pieter Menten
  • 1978 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 "Onward Victoria" opens and closes at Martin Beck NYC after 1 performance
  • 1980 Anders Kailur scores on 6th Islander penalty shot
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 Massacre at Bob's Big Boy restaurant in Los Angeles with 3 people killed and 6 injured
  • 1981 Israel annexes Golan Heights (seized from Syria in war of 1967)
  • 1984 Sportscaster Howard Cosell retires from Monday Night Football

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 US Secretary of State George P. Shultz arrives in West Berlin

US Secretary of State George P. Shultz
US Secretary of State
George P. Shultz
  • 1986 Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan & Jeana Yeager, takes off from Edwards AFB, California on 1st non-stop, non-refueled flight around the world
  • 1987 Chrysler pleads no contest to selling driven vehicles as new
  • 1988 Spanish General strike to protest austerity measures
  • 1988 US agrees to talk to Palestine Liberation Org for the 1st time in 13 yrs

Birthdays in History

  • 1009 Emperor Go-Suzaku, 69th Emperor of Japan (1036-45), born in Heian Kyō, Japan (d. 1045)
  • 1363 Jean de Gerson, French theologian, born in Gerson-lès-Barby, Champagne, France (d. 1429)

Person of interestNostradamus

1503 Nostradamus [Michel de Nostre-Dam], French astrologist and prophet (Les Propheties), born in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, France (d. 1566)

Astrologer/Prophet Nostradamus

Person of interestTycho Brahe

1546 Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer (Golden nose), born in Knudstrup, Denmark (d. 1601)

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe
  • 1625 Barthélemy d'Herbelot de Molainville, French orientalist, born in Paris (d. 1695)
  • 1631 Anne Conway, English philosopher, born in London (d. 1679)
  • 1640 Aphra Behn, English playwright and novelist, baptized in Canterbury, England (d. 1689)
  • 1678 Daniel Neal, English historian, born in London (d. 1743)
  • 1720 Justus Möser, German statesman and writer, born in Osnabrück, Germany (d. 1794)
  • 1775 Philander Chase, American Episcopal Church bishop and founder of Kenyon College, born in Cornish, New Hampshire (d. 1852)
  • 1775 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral, born in Annsfield, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1860)
  • 1777 Juan Nicasio Gallego, Spanish poet and interpreter (El dos the mayo), born in Zamora, Spain (d. 1853)
  • 1780 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German-Russian diplomat, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1862)
  • 1784 Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess of Asturias, born in Caserta Palace, Caserta, Naples (d. 1806)
  • 1787 Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia, born in Monza, Duchy of Milan (d. 1816)
  • 1791 Charles Wolfe, Irish poet, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1823)
  • 1794 Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (Mayor of Albany, New York), born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1872)
  • 1812 Charles Canning, English 1st viceroy of British-Indies, born in Brompton, London (d. 1862)
  • 1824 Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter, born in Lyon, Rhône, France (d. 1898)
  • 1829 John Mercer Langston, 1st African-American to hold US political office, born in Louisa County, Virginia (d. 1897)
  • 1830 Allen Thomas, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Howard County, Maryland (d. 1907)
  • 1832 Daniel H. Reynolds, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Centerburg, Ohio (d. 1902)
  • 1837 William Wells, American businessman, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Waterbury, Vermont (d. 1892)
  • 1853 Salvador Díaz Mirón, Mexican poet (Los Cien Mejores Poemas), born in Veracruz, Mexico (d. 1928)
  • 1862 John M. Acket, Dutch literary (Grammatic Conceptions) (d. 1933)
  • 1866 Roger Fry, English artist and art critic, born in St Pancras, London, England (d. 1934)
  • 1870 Dirk Jan de Geer, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1926-29, 39-40), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • 1870 Karl Renner, Austrian President (1918-20, 45-50), born in Dolní Dunajovice, Austria-Hungary (d. 1950)
  • 1883 Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist and founder of the Japanese martial art of aikido, born in Tanabe, Wakayama, Japan (d. 1883)
  • 1884 Regina Ullmann, Swiss poet and writer, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland (d. 1961)
  • 1895 Paul Éluard, French communist and poet, born in Saint-Denis, France (d. 1952)

Person of interestGeorge VI

1895 George VI, King of the United Kingdom (1936-52), born in Norfolk, England (d. 1952)

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI

Person of interestJimmy Doolittle

1896 James Doolittle, American USAF General who conducted the raid on Tokyo in 1942, born in Alameda, California (d. 1993)

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • 1897 Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (U.S. Senator from Maine), born in Skowhegan, Maine (d. 1995)
  • 1897 Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (Dictator of the Austrian Federal State), born in Riva del Garda, Tyrol, Austria-Hungary (d. 1977)
  • 1901 Paul I, King of Greece (1947-64), born in Tatoi Palace, Athens, Kingdom of Greece (d. 1964)
  • 1908 Mária Szepes, Hungarian author (The Red Lion), born in Budapest (d. 2007)
  • 1909 Edward L Tatum, American molecular geneticist and biochemist (Nobel Prize 1958), born in Boulder, Colorado (d. 1975)
  • 1911 Ota Adler, Czech-British fur trader and founder (Federal Trust), born in Kraslice, Czechoslovakia (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Hans von Ohain, German-American aerospace engineer, born in Dessau, Duchy of Anhalt German Empire (d. 1998)
  • 1914 Karl Carstens, German politician (President of the Federal Republic of Germany 1979-84), born in Bremen, German Empire (d. 1992)
  • 1915 Clay Warnick, American choral director (Your Show Of Shows), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 1995)

Person of interestShirley Jackson

1916 Shirley Jackson, American writer (Road Through the Wall), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1965)

  • 1917 June Taylor, American choreographer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2004)
  • 1918 B.K.S. Iyengar, Indian yoga advocate, born in Bellur, Kolar district, Kingdom of Mysore (d. 2014)
  • 1920 Albertus Louis Meintser, Dutch office clerk and resistance fighter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1944)
  • 1923 Gerard Reve, Dutch writer (Evenings, Dear Guys), born in Amsterdam (d. 2006)
  • 1927 Koss Rietkerk, Dutch internal minister (VVD) (1982-86), born in Boskoop, Netherlands (d. 1986)
  • 1931 Jaun Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher, born in Amroha, Uttar Pradesh, British India (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Étienne Tshisekedi, Congolese opposition leader, born in Luluabourg, Central Congo (d. 2017)
  • 1936 Robert Alan Ridley Parker, American PhD/astronaut (STS-9, STS-35), born in NYC, New York
  • 1938 Leonardo Boff, Brazilian Catholic theologian (liberation theology) and writer, born in Concórdia, Santa Catarina, Brazil
  • 1941 Ellen Willis, American journalist and feminist, born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1942 David Band, British banker (BZW) (d. 1996)
  • 1947 Linda Sutton, English artist, born in Southend-on-Sea, Essex

Person of interestDilma Rousseff

1947 Dilma Rousseff, Brazilian politician, President of Brazil (2011-16), born in Belo Horizonte

President of Brazil Dilma Rousseff
President of Brazil
Dilma Rousseff
  • 1948 Kim Beazley, Australian politician (33rd Governor of Western Australia), born in Perth, Western Australia
  • 1953 Vangelis Meimarakis, Greek lawyer and politician, born in Athens, Greece
  • 1953 Mikael Odenberg, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1954 Steve MacLean, Canadian astronaut (STS 52), born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1959 Bob Paris, Canadian-American bodybuilder and gay rights advocate, born in Columbus, Indiana
  • 1960 Catherine Coleman, American USAF officer and astronaut (STS 73), born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1960 James Comey, American lawyer and former FBI director, born in Yonkers, New York
  • 1960 Ebrahim Raisi, Iranian jurist and politician (President of Iran 2021-), born in Mashhad, Iran
  • 1962 Glenda E. Gray, South African scientist specializing in HIV research, born in Boksburg, South Africa
  • 1967 Ewa Białołęcka, Polish writer, born in Elbląg, Poland
  • 1976 Leland Chapman, American bounty hunter, born in Groom, Texas
  • 1985 Paul Rabil, Lebanese-American professional lacrosse player, born in Gaithersburg, Maryland
  • 1995 Princess Olimpia Preslavska of Bulgaria, born in London

Weddings in History

  • 1490 Anna van Bretagne marries a proxy Maximilian of Austria

LoveWedding of Interest

1780 US founding father Alexander Hamilton (25) weds Elizabeth Schuyler (23) at Schuyler Mansion in Albany, New York

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton

Deaths in History

  • 872 Adrian II, Italian Pope (867-72) the last married pope, dies at ~80
  • 1077 Agnes of Poitou, German empress & wife of emperor Henry III, dies at 52
  • 1136 Harald IV, "Gylle Krist", king of Norway, murdered at 33
  • 1417 John Oldcastle, English nobleman and pro-protestant Lollard leader, whom Shakespeare based his Falstaff character on, hanged for heresy at 39
  • 1460 Guarino da Verona, Italian Renaissance figure, dies at 86

Person of interestVlad the Impaler

1476 Vlad III the Impaler, Wallachian prince, killed in battle at 45

Wallachian Prince Vlad the Impaler
Wallachian Prince
Vlad the Impaler
  • 1510 Duke Friedrich of Saxony, 36th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (1498-1510), dies at 37
  • 1542 James V, King of Scotland (1513-42), dies at 30
  • 1553 Hanibal Lucić, Croatian writer, dies at 68
  • 1591 St. John of the Cross [Juan de Yepes y Álvarez], Spanish Carmelite friar, poet and saint, dies at 49
  • 1624 Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, English statesman, dies at 73
  • 1651 Pierre Dupuy, French historian & scholar, dies at 69
  • 1713 Thomas Rymer, English historian, dies at 72
  • 1715 Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 79
  • 1734 Noel-Nicolas Coypel, French painter & cartoonist, dies at 44
  • 1735 Thomas Tanner, English bishop & antiquarian (b. 1674)
  • 1741 Charles Rollin, French historian, dies at 80
  • 1754 Mahmud I, Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1730-54) who fought Austria & Russia, dies at 58
  • 1760 Kacic Miosic, Croatian poet (Razgovar Ugodni Naroda Slovinskoga), dies at 56
  • 1788 Carlos III, King of Spain (1759-88) & King of Naples and Sicily (1734-59), dies at 72

Person of interestGeorge Washington

1799 George Washington, American Founding Father, military leader who commanded Continental Army during War for Independence, first President of the United States (1789-97), dies at 66

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1806 John Breckinridge, American lawyer (5th United States Attorney General) & politician (U.S. Senator from Kentucky), dies at 46
  • 1823 Vincenzo Cuoco, Italian historian (Naples Revolution 1799), dies at 53
  • 1838 Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician & Patriote, dies during Battle of Saint-Eustache at 32
  • 1843 John Claudius Loudon, Scottish horticulturist, dies at 60
  • 1861 Albert, English prince consort & husband of Queen Victoria, dies at 42

Person of interestGeorge Hamilton-Gordon

1861 George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Peelite: 1852-55) & Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, dies at 76

British Prime Minister George Hamilton-Gordon
British Prime Minister
George Hamilton-Gordon
  • 1862 George Dashiell Bayard, Union Brigadier General, dies at 27
  • 1865 Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist, dies at 71
  • 1873 Louis Agassiz, Swiss-American naturalist & geologist, dies at 66
  • 1873 Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian politician (4th Mayor of Halifax) & brewer (founder of the Alexander Keith's Nova Scotia Brewery), dies at 78
  • 1878 Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse, dies at 35
  • 1893 Karolina Pawlowa, Russian poet & novelist, dies at 86
  • 1900 Jean Baptiste August Kessler, Dutch entrepreneur & director of oil on Dutch Indies, dies at 46
  • 1906 Jean Abraham Chrétien Oudemans, Dutch geographer & astronomer, dies at 78
  • 1909 Leopold II, King of Belgium (1865-1909), sole owner of the Congo Free State (1885-1908), dies at 74
  • 1912 Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis, British Army lieutenant, dies at 25
  • 1918 Sidónio Pais, Portuguese politician (4th President of Portugal, 66th Prime Minister of Portugal), murdered at 46
  • 1926 Theo van Rysselberghe, Belgian painter (pointillism), dies at 64
  • 1927 Julian Sochocki, Russian-Polish mathematician, dies at 85
  • 1935 Stanley G. Weinbaum, American sci-fi writer (Martian Odyssey), dies at 33
  • 1942 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch trade union leader, dies at 61
  • 1945 Henry van Goudoever, Dutch lawyer & judge, dies on his 69th birthday
  • 1945 Josef Kramer, German Nazi war criminal ("The Beast of Belsen"), hanged at 39
  • 1947 Franz Zorell, German lexicographer, dies at 84

Person of interestStanley Baldwin

1947 Stanley Baldwin, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1923-24, 1924-29, 1935-37), dies at 80

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • 1947 Edward Higgins, English General of The Salvation Army, dies at 84
  • 1950 Albrecht Schaeffer, German writer (Heroische Fahrt), dies at 65
  • 1956 Juho Kusti Paasikivi, Finnish politician (7th President of Finland 1946-56), dies at 86
  • 1959 Lizzy Ansingh, Dutch painter (Cast Off), dies at 84
  • 1963 Erich Ollenhauer, German politician, leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (1952-63), dies at 62
  • 1970 Franz Schlegelberger, German Nazi politician, dies at 94

Person of interestWalter Lippmann

1974 Walter Lippmann, American journalist (Public Opinion), dies at 85

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann
  • 1978 Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo, Spanish writer (Englishmen, Frenchmen, Spaniards) & diplomat, dies at 92
  • 1980 Richard Gurley Drew, American inventor (created masking tape and cellophane at 3M), dies at 81
  • 1984 Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer (Ambito, Bird of Paper, Nobel 1977), dies at 86
  • 1985 Catherine Doherty, Russian-born Canadian activist, dies at 89

Person of interestAndrei Sakharov

1989 Andrei Sakharov, Russian physicist & dissident (Nobel 1975), dies at 68

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov
  • 1990 Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss playwright & novelist (The Physicists, The Visit). dies of heart failure at 69
  • 1990 Johannes, 11th Prince of Thurn und Taxis, German businessman, dies at 64
  • 1994 Orval Faubus, American politician (Governor of Arkansas, 1955–67), dies at 84
  • 1994 Catherine Filene Shouse, American philanthropist (Wolf Trap Institute), dies at 98
  • 1997 Owen Barfield, British philosopher of language, dies at 99
  • 1997 Robert Sutton, New Zealand electronics engineer, dies at 82
  • 1998 Annette Strauss, American philanthropist, dies at 74
  • 1998 Aloyisus Leon Higginbotham, Jr., American civil rights activist & author, dies at 70
  • 2000 Ralph Louis Wain, British agricultural scientist, dies at 89
  • 2001 W. G. Sebald, German writer, dies at 57
  • 2003 Blas Ople, Filipino journalist & politician, dies at 76
  • 2006 Anton Balasingham, Sri Lankan chief political strategist of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, dies at 68
  • 2006 Ahmet Ertegün, Turkish-American businessman & co-founder of Atlantic Records, dies at 83
  • 2010 Timothy Davlin, American politician, dies at 53
  • 2011 Boris Chertok, Soviet & Russian rocket engineer, dies at 99
  • 2013 Janet Dailey, American Romance author, dies at 69
  • 2015 Lillian Vernon, American founder and CEO of the Lillian Vernon Corporation (first company listed on US stock exchange started by a woman), dies at 88
  • 2017 Yú Guāngzhōng [Yu Kwang-chung], Taiwanese poet, essayist, and translator (Nostalgia), dies from respiratory failure at 89
  • 2020 Jeannie Morris, American sports journalist and author (Chicago Daily News, WMAQ; 'Brian Piccolo: A Short Season', 2014 Ring Lardner Award), dies from appendix cancer at 85