On This Day

On This Day in History for December 2

Events in History

  • 1409 The University of Leipzig opens
  • 1620 English language newspaper "Namloos" begins publishing in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury flees to Amsterdam following the failure of his plots to prevent a Catholic succession should King Charles II die

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1697 St Paul's Cathedral, designed by Sir Christopher Wren is consecrated for use (previous building destroyed in the Great Fire of London)

Architect Christopher Wren
Christopher Wren
  • 1755 The second Eddystone Lighthouse on Eddystone Rocks off English southern coast is destroyed by fire
  • 1763 Touro shul of Newport, Rhode Island dedicated (oldest existing US synagogue)
  • 1777 British General Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4
  • 1790 Austrian army occupies Brussels
  • 1802 Britain sells Suriname to the Netherlands

Royal CoronationCoronation of Napoleon Bonaparte

1804 General Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned Emperor of the French at the Notre Dame de Paris in a ceremony officiated by Pope Pius VII

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Napoleon is crowned Emperor of the French at Notre-Dam on December 2, 1804, painting by Jacques-Louis David
Napoleon is crowned Emperor of the French at Notre-Dam on December 2, 1804, painting by Jacques-Louis David
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  • 1805 Napoleon defeats Russians & Austrians at Austerlitz

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1812 James Madison re-elected President of the US, Elbridge Gerry Vice-President

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • 1813 Prince Willem Frederik accepts constitutional monarchy
  • 1816 First savings bank in US opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society)
  • 1822 In San Salvador, a congress proposes incorporation into US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1823 US President James Monroe declares the "Monroe Doctrine" opposing European colonialism in the Americas, arguing any European political intervention in the New World would be a hostile act against the United States

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1840 William Henry Harrison elected the 9th President of the United States of America

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1845 US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West, a widely held belief termed "manifest destiny" by newspaper editor John O'Sullivan

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1848 Franz Joseph I becomes Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia

Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I
Austro-Hungarian Emperor
Franz Joseph I
  • 1851 French President Charles Louis Bonaparte in a Coup d'etat overthrows the Second Republic establishing himself as Emperor.

MurderMurder of Interest

1859 Abolitionist John Brown hanged for murder, treason, and conspiring slaves to revolt at Charles Town, Virginia

Abolitionist John Brown
John Brown
  • 1864 Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 1st British government of Benjamin Disraeli resigns

British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli
  • 1882 Amsterdam Artis Zoo opens aquarium
  • 1887 Amsterdam's Oscar Carrés Circus Theater opens
  • 1887 French president Jules Grévy resigns
  • 1891 52nd Congress (1891-93) convenes
  • 1895 54th Congress (1895-97) convenes

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1896 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Die versunkene Glocke" premieres in Berlin

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1899 US & Germany agree to divide Samoa between them
  • 1899 Philippine–American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 Exiled South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger arrives in Germany, though the Kaiser refuses to meet him

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 King C. Gillette begins selling safety razor blades

Businessman and Inventor King C. Gillette
Businessman and Inventor
King C. Gillette
  • 1908 Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne at the age of two
  • 1913 Archdiocese of Managua created
  • 1913 French Government of Louis Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
  • 1914 Austria army occupies Belgrade, Serbia
  • 1917 Han Yong-woon, found Zen awakening at Osean Monastery Korea
  • 1924 British-German trade agreement signed
  • 1927 1st Model A Ford sold, for $385

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black announces to the Geological Society of China that the ancient human fossils from Zhoukoudian, China are a new species which he has named 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Davidson Black
  • 1928 Cardinals' 1B Jim Bottomley is voted NL MVP
  • 1929 First skull of Peking man found in the caves of Zhoukoudian, 50 km outside of Peking, China. Later dated roughly 750,000 years old. [1]
  • 1934 5.08-m (200") Mt Palomar Observatory mirror is cast
  • 1938 The first 'Kindertransport' carrying Jewish refugee children from Nazi Germany arrives in Britain
  • 1939 British Imperial Airways & British Airways merge to form BOAC
  • 1939 NY's La Guardia Airport began operations as an airliner from Chicago lands, 1 minute after midnight
  • 1941 Largest roller skating rink (outside of NYC) opens in Peekskill, New York
  • 1941 US Naval Intelligence ceases bugging Japanese consul

Sinking ShipAttack on Pearl Harbor

1941 Japanese Marshal Admiral Yamamoto sends his fleet to Pearl Harbor

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USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 American mobster Louis Buchalter is sentenced to death along with his lieutenants Emanuel Weiss and Louis Capone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 World’s 1st self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction occurs in Chicago Pile-1 (world's 1st nuclear reactor) at the University of Chicago, overseen by Enrico Fermi

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
Physicist and Inventor Leó Szilárd
Physicist and Inventor
Leó Szilárd
  • 1943 First RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt - Nazi Reich Security Head Office) transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp
  • 1944 General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
  • 1944 German troops seize Betuwse dikes
  • 1944 US 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1950 "I Robot" collection of sci-fi short stories by Isaac Asimov published by Genome Press in the US

Author and Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov
Author and Biochemistry Professor
Isaac Asimov
  • 1954 Taiwan (ROC) & US sign the Mutual Defense Treaty, preventing Mainland China (PRC) from taking Taiwan between 1955-1979
  • 1954 US Senate censures Joeseph McCarthy (Sen-R-Wisc) for "conduct that tends to bring Senate into dishonor & disrepute"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Fidel Castro lands with "Granma" on coast of Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1957 1st US large scale nuclear power plant for peacetime use opens, Shippingport, Pennsylvania
  • 1958 Benelux treaty signed by Belgium, Netherlands & Luxembourg
  • 1959 Malpasset dam collapses destroying French Riviera town of Frejus

InventionScientific Discovery

1960 Paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey discovers 1.4 million year old Homo erectus (Olduvai Hominid 9) in Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

Archaeologist and Paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist and Paleoanthropologist
Louis Leakey
  • 1961 Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist & will lead Cuba to Communism
  • 1961 Wind Bell, journal of San Francisco Zen Center, begins publishing
  • 1963 First Dutch rocket launched, reaches height of 10 km

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Ringo Starr's tonsils are removed

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1968 US President Richard Nixon names Henry Kissinger security advisor

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1969 Boeing 747 jumbo jet 1st public preview (Seattle to NYC)
  • 1970 Environmental Protection Agency begins in the US under Director William Ruckelshaus
  • 1971 Soviet space probe Mars 3 is first to soft land on Mars
  • 1971 United Arab Emirates (Trucial States) declares independence from UK
  • 1971 Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujeira, Sharjah & Umm ak Qiwain form United Arab Emirates

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1971 Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan is appointed President of the United Arab Emirates

President of the United Arab Emirates Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
President of the United Arab Emirates
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
  • 1972 "December Giant" largest sinkhole in US collapses (Alabama)
  • 1972 USC tailback Anthony Davis becomes first to score 6 touchdowns against Notre Dame; in a 45-23 victory over the Fighting Irish Davis at the LA Coliseum he scores on runs of 1, 4, 5 & 8 yards and 2 kickoff returns
  • 1974 Giant Baba beats Jack Brisco in Kagoshimi, to become NWA champ
  • 1974 Soyuz 16 launched into Earth orbit for 6 days
  • 1975 7 South Moluccans hijack train at Wijster, Drente (NL), 3 killed
  • 1975 Laos king Sisavang Vatthana resigns, Lao People's Democratic Republic founded (National Day)
  • 1976 Communist revolutionary Fidel Castro becomes President of Cuba, replacing Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado
  • 1978 Protesters chant "Allah is great" at an Anti-Shah protest in Tehran, Iran
  • 1979 Crowds attack US embassy in Tripoli, Libya
  • 1979 Foots Walker becomes 1st Cleveland Cavalier to score a triple-double
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 4 American Maryknoll nuns killed by death squads in El Salvador
  • 1981 Moscone Convention Center, San Francisco, opens at 11:30 AM
  • 1981 Spanish government requests membership of NATO
  • 1982 1st permanent artificial heart successfully implanted (U of Utah) in retired dentist Barney Clark; lived 112 days with Jarvic-7 heart
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 Philipine Chief of Staff General Fabian speaks of Benigno Aquino's murder
  • 1986 Dow-Jones index hits record 1,955.57
  • 1987 Chicago City Council elects Eugene Sawyer acting mayor
  • 1987 Jennifer Steele, 17, of Colorado becomes Miss Teen of America [Approx]
  • 1987 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1988 5 gunmen who hijacked Soviet Aeroflot jet surrender in Israel
  • 1988 STS-27 Atlantis launched (Secret military mission)
  • 1988 UN votes 151-2 (Israel and US) to move PLO debate to Geneva, Great Britain abstains

Birthdays in History

  • 1678 Nicolaas Kruik, Dutch hydraulic engineer (drained Haarlemmermeer), born in West-Vlieland, Netherlands (d. 1754)
  • 1694 William Shirley, British Colonial Governor of Massachusetts (played an important role in Britain’s struggle against France for control of North America), born in Preston, Sussex, England (d. 1771)
  • 1703 Ferdinand Konščak, Croatian explorer and Jesuit missionary, born in Varaždin, Kingdom of Croatia (d. 1759)
  • 1728 Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist (Della Moneta), born in Chieti, Italy (d. 1787)
  • 1738 Richard Montgomery, Irish General in Continental Army during American Revolutionary War, born in Swords, Dublin (d. 1775)
  • 1754 William Cooper, American judge and developer (founded Cooperstown, New York), born in Smithfield, Pennsylvania (d. 1809)
  • 1760 John Breckinridge, American lawyer (5th United States Attorney General) and politician (U.S. Senator from Kentucky), born in Augusta County, Virginia (d. 1806)
  • 1777 Henry Doeff, colonialist (wrote Dutch-Japanese dictionary)
  • 1802 Melancthon Smith Wade, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1868)
  • 1811 Jean-Charles Chapais, Canadian politician (considered Father of the Canadian Confederation), born in Rivière-Ouelle, Lower Canada (d. 1885)
  • 1817 Heinrich von Sybel, German historian (Geschichte des ersten Kreuzzugs), born in Düsseldorf, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1895)
  • 1821 Rufus Barringer, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Cabarrus County, North Carolina (d. 1895)
  • 1825 Pedro II van Alcantara, Emperor of Brazil (1831-89), born in Palace of São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro, Empire of Brazil (d. 1891)
  • 1837 Charles Garrison Harker, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Swedesboro, New Jersey (d. 1864)
  • 1846 Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau, French politician (29th Prime Minister of France), born in Nantes, France (d. 1904)

Person of interestGeorges Seurat

1859 Georges Seurat, French post-impressionist painter (A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of Grande Jatte), born in Paris, France (d. 1891)

Post-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat
Post-Impressionist Painter
Georges Seurat
  • 1863 Charles Ringling, American circus owner (Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus), born in McGregor, Iowa (d. 1926)
  • 1868 Francis Jammes, French poet and writer (Jammisme), born in Tournay, Hautes-Pyrénées, France (d. 1938)
  • 1869 Jonas Cohn, German philosopher (Theory of the Dialects), born in Görlitz, Germany (d. 1947)
  • 1885 George Minot, American physician (Nobel 1934 - introduction of a raw-liver diet in the treatment of pernicious anemia), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1950)
  • 1891 Charles H. Wesley, American author and historian (The History of Alpha Phi Alpha), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1987)
  • 1895 Klaas Voskuil, Dutch journalist, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1975)
  • 1897 Rewi Alley, New Zealand writer (Americans in China), born in Springfield, Canterbury, New Zealand (d. 1987)
  • 1897 Hovhannes Bagramyan, Soviet military commander and Marshal of the Soviet Union of Armenian origin, born in Yelizavetpol, Elisabethpol Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1982)
  • 1898 Indra Lal Roy, Indian World War I flying ace, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1918)
  • 1902 Horace Hildreth, American politician (Gov-Maine, 1945-49) and U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan (1953-57), born in Gardiner, Maine (d. 1988)
  • 1906 Peter Carl Goldmark, Hungarian-American engineer (developed the 33-1/3 rpm LP record format), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1977)
  • 1910 Russell Lynes, American art historian, photographer, author and managing editor of Harper's Magazine (d. 1991)
  • 1915 Randolph Apperson Hearst, American newspaper publisher (Hearst Newspapers) (d. 2000)
  • 1919 Michael Geoffrey Corcos, medical researcher
  • 1921 Isabella Karle, American scientist who was instrumental in developing techniques to extract plutonium chloride, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Meshulam Riklis, Turkish-born Israeli businessman and husband of Pia Zadora, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2019)
  • 1924 Alexander Haig Jr, American General and 59th Secretary of State (1981-82), born in Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • 1928 Dan Jenkins, American author, sportswriter (Sports Illustrated), born in Fort Worth, Texas (d. 2019)
  • 1929 Jaap Boersma, Dutch politician (Minister for Social Affairs (ARP)), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Gary Becker, American economist (Nobel 1992) and recipient of Presidential Medal of Freedom 2007, born in Pottsville, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • 1931 Edwin Meese, American author and 75th United States Attorney General (1985-88), born in Oakland, California
  • 1931 Masaaki Hatsumi, Japanese founder and head of the Bujinkan Organization, born in Noda, Chiba, Japan
  • 1933 K. Veeramani, Indian anti-caste activist, born in Cuddalore, Madras Presidency, British India
  • 1935 David Hackett Fischer, American educator and historian (Albion's Seed), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1935 Jeannie Morris, American sports journalist and author (Chicago Daily News, WMAQ; 'Brian Piccolo: A Short Season', 2014 Ring Lardner Award), born in Redondo Beach, California (d. 2020)
  • 1937 Brian Lumley, English sci-fi author (Compleat Crow, Psychomech), born in County Durham, England
  • 1939 Yael Dayan, Israeli writer and politician, born in Nahalal, Israel
  • 1939 Harry Reid, American attorney and politician (U.S. Senator from Nevada 1987-2017), born in Searchlight, Nevada
  • 1939 Francis Fox, Canadian politician (member of the Senate of Canada), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1941 Paul Ching Wu Chu, Chinese-American physicist (superconductivity), born in Changsha, Hunan, China
  • 1943 Wayne Allard, American politician (U.S. Senator from Colorado 1997-2009), born in Fort Collins, Colorado
  • 1944 Roger Omond, journalist
  • 1944 Ibrahim Rugova, Kosovar nationalist writer and President of Kosovo (1992-2006), born in Crnce, Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (now Kosovo) (d. 2006)
  • 1944 Botho Strauß, German author, born in Naumburg, Germany

Person of interestGianni Versace

1946 Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer (Versace), born in Reggio Calabria, Italy (d. 1997)

Fashion Designer Gianni Versace
Fashion Designer
Gianni Versace
  • 1947 Michael Green, English businessman and psychotherapist, born in Hampstead, London
  • 1947 Ivan Atanassov Petrov, Bulgarian neurologist (research on biopsy investigation of muscle and peripheral nerves in neuromuscular diseases), born in Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 1948 T. C. Boyle, American novelist (World's End), born in Peekskill, New York
  • 1950 Amin Saikal, Afghan-Australian academic (politics, history, political economy and international relations of the Middle East and Central Asia), born in Kabul, Afghanistan
  • 1952 Carol Shea-Porter, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Hampshire), born in NYC, New York
  • 1953 Meg Griffin, American DJ (WNEW-FM, WPLJ-FM, WKRK-FM)/VJ (V-1)
  • 1957 Dagfinn Høybråten, Norwegian politician (leader of the Christian Democratic Party 2004–2011), born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1958 George Saunders, American writer (Lincoln in the Bardo), born in Amarillo, Texas
  • 1960 Deb Haaland, American politician (1st Native American to head a cabinet agency as Secretary of the Interior 2021-), born in Winslow, Arizona
  • 1962 Kardam, Prince of Turnovo, eldest son of King Simeon II of Bulgaria and his wife Doña Margarita Gómez-Acebo y Cejuela, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 2015)
  • 1963 Ann Patchett, American novelist (Bel Canto), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1988 Edward Windsor, Lord Downpatrick, English fashion designer (FIDIR) and grandson of English prince Edward, born in London
  • 1991 Chloé Dufour-Lapointe, Canadian alpine freestyle skier (World C'ship gold dual moguls 2013), born in Montreal, Quebec

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1886 26th US President Theodore Roosevelt (28) weds second wife Edith Kermit Carow (25) in London

US First Lady Edith Roosevelt
US First Lady
Edith Roosevelt
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1933 1st transatlantic telephone wedding (Bertil Clason-Sigrid Carlson)

Deaths in History

  • 537 Saint Silverius, Italian Pope (536-37) till deposed in March 537, starves to death in exile
  • 1348 Emperor Hanazono, 95th Emperor of Japan, dies at 51
  • 1381 John of Ruysbroeck, Flemish mystic
  • 1463 Albert VI, Archduke of Austria, dies at 44
  • 1515 Gonzalo de Cordoba, Spanish general/strategist/viceroy of Naples, dies

Person of interestHernán Cortés

1547 Hernán Cortés, Spanish conquistador (defeated the Aztec Empire and colonized large parts of Mexico), dies of pleurisy at 61 or 62

Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1552 Francis Xavier, Spanish Catholic missionary (b. 1506)
  • 1592 Alexander Farnese, land guardian of Neth (1579-92), dies at 46
  • 1615 Louis des Balbes de Berton de Crillon, French general
  • 1665 Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet, French socialite (b. 1588)
  • 1694 Pierre Paul Puget, French artist, dies at 74
  • 1719 Pasquier Quesnel, French theologist (La Foi), dies at 85
  • 1723 Philippe II, Duke of Orléans and Regent of France (1715-23), dies at 49
  • 1726 Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian, dies at 61
  • 1747 Vincent Bourne, English classical scholar (b. 1695)
  • 1748 Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician, dies at 86
  • 1810 Philipp Otto Runge, German Romantic painter, dies at 33

Person of interestMarquis de Sade

1814 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine), dies at 74. The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name.

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1828 Simon Paap, Dutch 56 cm long dwarf/cabaret artist, dies at 39
  • 1844 Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician, dies at 76
  • 1849 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom, dies at 57

BattleJohn Brown

1859 John Brown, American abolitionist and revolutionary (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59

Abolitionist John Brown
John Brown
  • 1860 Alfred Bunn, British theatrical manager (b. 1796)
  • 1863 Jane Appleton Pierce, American 1st lady (1853-57) and wife of Franklin Pierce, dies of tuberculosis at 57
  • 1864 Archibald Gracie III, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at Siege of Petersburg, Virginia aged 32
  • 1888 Namık Kemal, Turkish writer and journalist (Vatan), dies at 47
  • 1890 Cadmus M. Wilcox, American Major General (Confederate Army - American Civil War), dies at 66
  • 1892 Jay Gould, American railroad developer and speculator, dies at 56
  • 1899 Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general (killed at Battle of Tirad Pass) (b. 1875)
  • 1918 Margit Kaffka, Hungarian writer, dies in the flu pandemic at 38
  • 1918 Edmond Rostand, French poet and dramatist (b. 1868)
  • 1919 Henry Clay Frick, built largest coke & steel operation, dies at 69
  • 1924 Kazimieras Būga, Lithuanian philologist (b. 1879)
  • 1935 Albert Kessel, 1st to die in California gas chamber
  • 1935 Martha Carey Thomas, American educator, suffragist, linguist and second President of Bryn Mawr College, dies of a coronary occlusion at 78
  • 1935 James Henry Breasted, American Egyptologist and anthropologist, dies at 70
  • 1936 John Ringling, American circus owner (b. 1866)
  • 1943 Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian poet, dramatist and novelist (The Defeat), dies at 41
  • 1944 Filippo T Marinetti, Italian writer (father of futurism), dies at 67
  • 1944 JW Ummels, Dutch resistance fighter (House of Saxon-Nazi), dies
  • 1944 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), dies of cardiac arrest at 67
  • 1953 Francis Picabia, French avante-garde artist, writer and typographist (Amorous Parade), dies at 74
  • 1957 Manfred Sakel, Polish neurophysiologist and psychiatrist, dies at 57
  • 1966 Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers, Dutch mathematician, dies at 85
  • 1967 Francis J "Cardinal" Spellman, archbishop of NY, dies at 78
  • 1967 Francis Spellman, American Bishop and Cardinal of Roman Catholic Church, dies at 78
  • 1969 Kliment J Voroshilov, president USSR (1953-60), dies
  • 1972 Friedrich Christian Christiansen, German Luftwaffe general, dies
  • 1972 Ip Man, Chinese martial artist, and a master teacher of Wing Chun, dies at 79
  • 1974 Max Weber, Swiss Federal Councilor, dies at 77
  • 1980 Romain Gary, Lithuanian-born French writer (b. 1914)
  • 1981 Cola, Debrot, Dutch author and Governor of the Netherlands Antilles, dies at 79
  • 1981 Wallace K[irkman] Harrison, US architect (UN), dies at 86
  • 1983 Fifi D'Orsay, "French Bombshell" (Dixie Jamboree), dies cancer at 79
  • 1985 Philip Larkin, English poet and writer (North Ship, Jill), dies at 63
  • 1985 Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (b. 1914)
  • 1986 John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist (b. 1912)
  • 1987 Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist, dies at 73
  • 1992 Gary Mascaro, choreographer, dies at 43
  • 1992 Loek Elfferich, Dutch journalist/historian (Treason in Rotterdam), die

Person of interestPablo Escobar

1993 Pablo Escobar, Colombian drug lord, shot to death by Colombian Police at 44

Colombian Drug Lord Pablo Escobar
Colombian Drug Lord
Pablo Escobar
  • 1994 Donald John Urquhart, English librarian, dies at 85
  • 1994 James Norman Dalrymple Anderson, lawyer, dies at 86
  • 1995 Francis Joseph Quinn, academic, dies at 90
  • 1995 Stanley Devon, British photographer (British press photographer of the year 1948, 50), dies at 88
  • 1995 Robertson Davies, Canadian novelist essayist/dramatist, dies at 82
  • 2002 Ivan Illich, Austrian priest and philosopher (b. 1926)
  • 2002 Arno Peters, German historian (b. 1916)
  • 2003 Alan Davidson, British author (b. 1924)
  • 2004 Mona Van Duyn, American poet (b. 1921)
  • 2005 Kenneth Lee Boyd, American convicted murderer (executed) (b. 1948)
  • 2005 Nat Mayer Shapiro, American painter (b. 1919)
  • 2005 Van Tuong Nguyen, Australian drug smuggler (hanged) (b. 1980)
  • 2007 Thomas F. Torrance, Scottish Protestant theologist, dies at 94
  • 2008 Kathleen Baskin-Ball, American United Methodist Pastor
  • 2013 Jean-Claude Beton, Algerian-born French businessman, entrepreneur and soft-drink manufacturer (Orangina), dies at 88
  • 2016 Paul de Wispelaere, Flemish writer and critic, dies at 88
  • 2019 Fred Storey, Canadian curler (World C'ship gold 1966, 68, 69), dies at 87
  • 2020 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, French politician, President of France (1974-81), dies of COVID-19 at 94