On This Day

On This Day in History for December 21

Events in History

  • 1163 Hurricane hits villages in Holland/Friesland, causing floods
  • 1561 Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Archbishop of Mechelen, made Cardinal

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1582 Flanders adopts Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is Jan 1 1583

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • 1598 Battle of Curalaba: the Mapuche people led by Pelentaru revolt and inflict a major defeat on Spanish troops in southern Chile
  • 1620 Mayflower Pilgrims come ashore at in Plymouth Bay, traditionally thought to be at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts [OS=Dec 11]
  • 1650 Johan de Witt installed as Dutch pension advisor of Dordrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1784 John Jay becomes acting US Secretary of State (1789-990)

1st US Chief Justice John Jay
1st US Chief Justice
John Jay
  • 1788 Hue Tay Son becomes emperor Quang Trung of Vietnam
  • 1829 1st stone arch railroad bridge in US dedicated, Baltimore
  • 1835 HMS Beagle sails into Bay of Islands, New Zealand
  • 1844 The Rochdale Pioneers commence business at their cooperative in Rochdale, England, starting the Cooperative movement.
  • 1849 1st US skating club formed (Philadelphia)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1864 General Sherman conquers Savannah, Georgia

  • 1866 Fetterman Massacre: Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indians kill all 81 US Army soldiers in the worst military disaster ever suffered by the U.S. Army on the Great Plains

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1872 Phileas Fogg completes his round the world trip in 80 days, in Jules Verne's "Around the World in Eighty Days"

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • 1890 Pim Mulier 1st & only trip to "Alvesteddetocht"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 Mackenzie Bowell becomes the 5th Prime Minister of Canada

5th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie Bowell
5th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie Bowell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 French Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1900 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Michael Kramer" premieres in Berlin

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1906 British Parliament pass two important pieces of social legislation: The Trades Disputes Bill, legalizing peaceful picketing, and The Workingmen's Compensation Act, broadening employers' liability for accidents
  • 1907 Dutch government of De Master falls due to war budget
  • 1909 1st junior high school established (Berkeley California)
  • 1909 Clyde Fitch' "City" premieres in NYC
  • 1909 Unitversity of Copenhagen rejects American Explorer Frederick A Cook's claim that he was 1st to North Pole
  • 1910 Explosion in coal mine in Hulton England, 344 mine workers dies
  • 1912 Denmark, Norway & Sweden declare neutrality in Comende war
  • 1913 1st crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) printed in NY World
  • 1914 2,800 African miners strike at the Van Rhyn Deep mines in a bid to redress some of their grievances
  • 1915 10.17" (25.83 cm) of rainfall, Glenora, Oregon (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 J. Edgar Hoover deports anarchists/feminist Emma Goldman to Russia

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1921 Supreme Court rules labor injunctions & picketing unconstitutional
  • 1923 Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation
  • 1929 1st group hospital insurance plan offered (Dallas Tx)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Coco the Clown first appears for Bertram Mills Circus in Manchester, England

Famous Clown Coco the Clown
Famous Clown
Coco the Clown
  • 1933 Dried human blood serum 1st prepared, University of Pennsylvania
  • 1933 Newfoundland reverts to being a crown colony of Great Britain

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1939 Adolf Hitler names Adolf Eichmann leader of "Referat IV B", responsible for evictions and Jewish immigration

Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal Adolf Eichmann
Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal
Adolf Eichmann
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 German submarine U-567 sinks
  • 1942 US Supreme court declares Nevada separation legal
  • 1944 Cards' Marty Marion wins NL MVP
  • 1946 Earthquake in South Japan, kills 1,086
  • 1946 Morton Gould's "Minstrel Show" premieres in Indianapolis
  • 1948 O'Neil Place in the Bronx erroneously renamed O'Neill Place
  • 1948 State of Eire (formerly Irish Free State) declares its independence
  • 1949 Dutch 1st Chamber accept sovereignty of Indonesia
  • 1951 Pioneering telenovela "Sua Vida Me Pertence" premieres in Brazil
  • 1952 Broadway Tunnel opens in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Martin Luther King Jr. and others sit in the new integrated bus

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1957 Indonesia proclaims end to state of war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Charles de Gaulle wins 7 year term as 1st President of 5th Rep of France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1959 10th largest snowfall in NYC history (13.7")
  • 1959 Citizens of Deerfield Ill block building of interracial housing

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1961 US President John F. Kennedy and British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan meet in Bermuda

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Gangster Joe Gallo is sentenced to 7 to 14 years in state prison for extortion

Gangster Joe Gallo
Gangster
Joe Gallo
  • 1962 Angolin leaves Comecon
  • 1962 US & Cuba accord, releases bay of pigs captive
  • 1966 USSR launches Luna 13; soft-landed in Oceanus Procellarum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Apollo 8: 1st manned Moon voyage launched with Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William Anders

Astronaut Frank Borman
Astronaut
Frank Borman
  • 1968 David Crosby, Stephen Stills and Graham Nash (Crosby, Stills & Nash) premiere together in California
  • 1970 Oregon v. Mitchell Supreme Court case was decided, lowering the minimum voting age in U.S. federal elections to 18. The voting age for state and local elections was left to states discretion
  • 1971 UN Security Council chooses Kurt Waldheim as 4th Secretary-General
  • 1971 A publican is killed as he tried to remove a bomb from his pub, Northern Ireland
  • 1972 Soviet Union signs a separate peace with East Germany
  • 1973 Israel, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, US & USSR meet in Geneva to discuss the Arab-Israeli conflict
  • 1974 Raiders RB Clarence Davis somehow catches game-winning touchdown pass among "the sea of hands" of three Dolphins defenders with 24 seconds left in the game, eliminating Miami from the playoffs, 1st time in 3 years
  • 1975 1st NY Jet to gain 1,000 yards rushing (John Riggins)
  • 1975 Madagascar adopts constitution
  • 1976 20th Islander shut-out opponent-Billy Smith 3-0 vs Bruins
  • 1976 Patricia R Harris named secretary of HUD
  • 1976 UN General Assembly passes a resolution declaring 1979-Year of Child
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

MurderMurder of Interest

1978 Police in Des Plaines, Illinois, arrest John Wayne Gacy for murder

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 New constitution for Zimbabwe agreed
  • 1984 Islander Kelly Hrudy's 1st shut-out win-Whalers 1-0
  • 1984 USSR launches Vega 2 for fly-by of Halley's Come
  • 1985 ARCO Anchorage runs aground near Port Angeles, WA
  • 1987 3 white NY teens convicted of manslaughter in death of a black man
  • 1987 Soyuz TM-4 launches 3 cosmonauts to space station Mir
  • 1987 Vladimir Titov & Musa Manarov launched
  • 1988 Drexel agrees guilt to security felonies, pays a $650 million fine
  • 1988 Vladimir Titov & Musa Manarov return to earth (a year) with Chretien
  • 1988 Lockerbie disaster: Pan Am Flight 103 destroyed mid air by a terrorist bomb killing all 258 on board over Scotland
  • 1989 VP Quayle sends out 30,000 Xmas cards with word beacon spelled beakon
  • 1989 New Zealand is the first country to set a formal inflation target (0-2%) for how much prices should rise each year. Similar targets are subsequently adopted by most developed countries.
  • 1990 Steve & Mark Waugh complete 464* partnership for NSW v WA
  • 1991 95 share in Madrid Spain $1.3 billion lottery (#47996)
  • 1991 El Sayid Nosair acquitted of killing Meir Kahane
  • 1991 Soviet Union formally dissolves as 11 of 12 republics sign treaty forming Commonwealth of Independent States
  • 1992 Dutch DC-10 in fire at landing on Faro Portugal, 56 die
  • 1994 Bomb goes off on #4 train on Fulton Street NYC
  • 1995 Martina Ertl of Germany wins her 3rd giant slalom world cup
  • 1995 The city of Bethlehem passes from Israeli to Palestinian control.
  • 1996 Pakistan all out 67 to lose to Tasmania by an inning

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Taiwanese-American AIDS researcher David Ho is named Time Magazine's Man of the Year

AIDS Researcher David Ho
AIDS Researcher
David Ho
  • 1999 The Spanish Civil Guard intercepts a van loaded with 950 kg of explosives that ETA intended to use to blow up Torre Picasso in Madrid.
  • 2005 Civil Partnership Act comes into force in the UK, with Elton John and David Furnish one of the first couples to form a same-sex civil union
  • 2006 Puzzle Play aired to network Ten, replacing In the Box
  • 2007 The Schengen Agreement area increases to include 9 European Union member states; Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia on land and sea borders.
  • 2012 39 people are killed in violent clashes in Kenya

Birthdays in History


Person of interestThomas Becket

1117 Thomas Becket, English archbishop of Canterbury (1162-1170), born in London, England (d. 1170)

Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Becket
Archbishop of Canterbury
Thomas Becket
  • 1401 Tommaso Masaccio, Italian painter, born in San Giovanni Valdarno, Italy (d. 1428)
  • 1518 Mark van Vaernewijck, Habsburg historian, born in Ghent, County of Flanders, Habsburg Netherlands (d. 1569)
  • 1596 Petro Mohyla, Moldovan Orthodox Metropolitan Bishop of Kiev and Galicia (d. 1646)

Person of interestRoger Williams

1603 Roger Williams, English theologian and colonist, born in London, England (d. 1684)

Theologian and Colonist Roger Williams
Theologian and Colonist
Roger Williams
  • 1714 John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier, born in Annapolis Royal, Canada (d. 1774)
  • 1778 Anders Sandøe Ørsted, Danish politician, born in Rudkøbing, Denmark (d. 1860)

Person of interestLeopold von Ranke

1795 Leopold von Ranke, German historian who founded the modern concept of source-based history, born in Wiehe, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1886)

  • 1800 Barnwell Rhett Robert, (Confederacy), (d. 1876)

Person of interestBenjamin Disraeli

1804 Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1868, 1874-80) and writer, born in London (d. 1881)

British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli
  • 1805 Thomas Graham, British chemist and father of colloid chemistry (d. 1869)
  • 1815 Thomas Couture, French history painter & teacher, born in Senlis, France (d. 1879)
  • 1818 Amalia, wife of king Otto of Greece
  • 1818 Lewis H. Morgan, American ethnologist (Systems of Consanguinity), born in Aurora, New York (d. 1881)
  • 1823 Jean Henri Fabre, French nautralist & entomologist (insects & spiders), born in Saint-Léons, Aveyron, France
  • 1832 John Henry Ketcham, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Dover Plains, New York (d. 1906)
  • 1840 Mehmed N Kemal, Turkish journalist (Vatan)
  • 1843 Thomas Bracken, Irish-born New Zealand poet, born in Clones, County Monaghan (d. 1898)
  • 1849 James Lane Allen, American writer (Kentucky Cardinal), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1925)
  • 1851 Thomas Chipman McRae, American politician, 34th Governor of Arkansas (d. 1929)
  • 1853 Isolde Kurz, German poet & short-story writer (Meine Mutter), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1859 Gustave Kahn, French symbolist poet & art critic, born in Metz, France (d. 1936)
  • 1860 Henrietta Szold, U.S. Jewish Zionist leader & founder of Hadassah, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1945)
  • 1870 Sir Patrick Duncan, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa (1937 to 1943), born in Ellon, United Kingdom (d. 1943)
  • 1872 Albert Payson Terhune, American novelist (Lad, a Dog), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1942)
  • 1874 Juan Bautista Sacasa, President of Nicaragua (1932-36), born in León, Nicaragua
  • 1878 Jan Łukasiewicz, Polish logician and philosopher, born in Lviv, Ukraine (d. 1956)
  • 1879 Theodore Limperg, Dutch accountant, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • 1886 Hermann A. J. Kees, German Egyptologist (Problems of Egyptology)
  • 1889 Sewall Wright, American geneticist, born in Melrose, Massachusetts (d. 1988)
  • 1890 Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist and Nobel laureate, born in NYC, New York (d. 1967)
  • 1891 John W. McCormack, American politician (D) Speaker of House (1962-70), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1980)
  • 1892 Amy Key Clarke, English mystical poet & writer, born in England, United Kingdom (d. 1980)
  • 1896 Carl Romme, Dutch catholic foreman/KVP-min Socialist Business, born in Oirschot, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • 1896 Constantine Rokossovski, Russian marshal/vice-premier of Poland, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1968)
  • 1898 Ira S. Bowen, American physicist & astronomer (Mt Wilson/Palomar), born in Seneca Falls, New York (d. 1973)
  • 1900 Oda Schaefer, German writer & journalist (Die Windharfe, Ladies Only), born in Wilmersdorf, Berlin
  • 1900 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1951)
  • 1901 Juan A de Zunzunegui y Loredo, Spanish writer, born in Portugalete, Spain (d. 1982)
  • 1905 Anthony Powell, English novelist (Infants of Spring), born in Westminster, United Kingdom (d. 2000)
  • 1907 Garmt Stuiveling, Dutch poet & literary (Poet in Love), born in Stroobos, Netherlands (d. 1985)
  • 1908 Pat Weaver, American radio advertising executive (started Today show), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2002)
  • 1909 George Ball, American politician and diplomat (US Ambassador to the UN, Under Secretary of State), born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 1994)
  • 1909 Seichō Matsumoto, Japanese mystery writer and journalist, born in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan (d. 1992)
  • 1910 Rosa Bouglione, French circus performer, born in Ixelles, Belgium (d. 2018)
  • 1914 Ivan Generalić, Croatian painter, born in Hlebine, Croatia (d. 1992)
  • 1916 Eve Perrick, British journalist
  • 1916 John Boon, British publisher (Mills and Boon), born in King's Lynn, Norfolk (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Sophie Masloff, American politician, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • 1917 Diana Athill, English writer and editor (Stet), born in London, England (d. 2019)
  • 1918 Donald Regan, White House staffer/US Secretary of Treasury (1981-85), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2003)
  • 1918 Kurt Waldheim, Austrian 4th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1972-81) and 9th President of Austria (1986-92), born in Sankt Andrä-Wördern, Austria (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Bob Bindig, American cartoonist (d. 2006)
  • 1921 James Tye, British safety expert
  • 1923 Intizar Hussain, Urdu writer and columnist, born in Dibai, Bulandshahr (d. 2016) (approx. date)
  • 1924 Johan W "Jo" van Marle, KNVB-chairman (1980-93), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Willem R "Wim" van der Zee, secretary of Council of Churches
  • 1932 Edward Hoagland, American essayist, born in NYC, New York
  • 1933 Huib Eversdijk, Dutch 2nd chamber member (CDA), born in Kapelle, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • 1935 Phil Donahue, TV talk show host (The Phil Donahue Show), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1935 Yusuf Bey (Joseph Stephens), American activist, born in Greenville, Texas (d. 2003)
  • 1935 Edward Schreyer, Canadian politician (Premier of Manitoba), born in Beausejour, Canada
  • 1937 Donald F. Munson, American politician (former Maryland Senator), born in Hagerstown, Maryland
  • 1939 Lloyd Axworthy, Canadian politician, born in North Battleford, Canada

Person of interestHu Jintao

1942 Hu Jintao, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (2002-12) and President of the People's Republic of China (2003-13), born in Taizhou, Jiangsu

Paramount Leader of China Hu Jintao
Paramount Leader of China
Hu Jintao
  • 1943 André Arthur, Canadian radio host & politician, born in Quebec City, Canada
  • 1944 Zheng Xiaoyu, Chinese bureaucrat, born in Fuzhou, China (d. 2007)
  • 1945 Millie Hughes-Fulford, American scientist & astronaut (STS 40), born in Mineral Wells, Texas
  • 1948 Willem AFG Vermeend, Dutch economist & politician, born in Zuilen, Netherlands
  • 1949 Nikolaos Sifounakis, Greek politician, born in Rethymno, Greece
  • 1949 Thomas Sankara, Burkinabé revolutionary and politician, President of Burkina Faso (1983-87), born in Yako, Upper Volta (d. 1987)
  • 1967 Mikhail Saakashvili, Soviet-born President of Georgia, born in Tbilisi, Georgia
  • 1971 Fenton Keogh, Australian celebrity chef

Person of interestEmmanuel Macron

1977 Emmanuel Macron, French politician, President of France (2017-), born in Amiens, France

President of France Emmanuel Macron
President of France
Emmanuel Macron
  • 1982 Erica America Hayden, American journalist and radio personality, born in Long Island, New York

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1762 British Explorer Captain James Cook marries Elizabeth Batts

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook

LoveWedding of Interest

1886 Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low (26) weds William Mackay Low in Savannah, Georgia

Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA
Juliette Gordon Low

LoveWedding of Interest

1959 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi marries Farah Pahlavi Diba

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

LoveWedding of Interest

1989 Explorer Edmund Hillary (70) weds June Mulgrew

Mountaineer and Explorer Edmund Hillary
Mountaineer and Explorer
Edmund Hillary
  • 2012 "Good Morning America" weather anchor Sam Champion (51) weds fine-arts photographer Rubem Robierb (35) at the couple's apartment in Manhattan

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1945 American author and journalist "The Old Man and the Sea" Ernest Hemingway and journalist Martha Gellhorn divorce after 5 years of marriage.


Deaths in History

  • 72 Thomas the Apostle dies in Mylapore, India (according to tradition)
  • 1295 Margaret of Provence, wife of Louis IX of France. dies at about 74
  • 1308 Henry I, the Child, 1st landgrave of Hessen (1256-1308), dies at 64
  • 1375 Giovanni Boccaccio, Italian poet (Vita di Dante), dies at 62
  • 1504 Bertold von Henneberg-Römhild, German archbishop and elector (b. 1442)
  • 1549 Marguerite of Navarre, Queen of Navarre, wife of Henry II of Navarre, dies at 57
  • 1579 Vicente Masip, Spanish painter
  • 1597 Saint Peter Canisius, Dutch Jesuit Catholic priest, dies at 76
  • 1674 Rutger van Haersolte, viceroy of Overijsselse, dies at about 66
  • 1736 Alessandro Galilei, Italian architect (Cappella Corsini), dies at 45
  • 1824 James Parkinson, English physician (First description of Parkinson's disease) and political activist, dies at 69
  • 1859 Nicolaas Christiaan Kist, Dutch Reformed theologian and church historian, dies at 66
  • 1864 Archduke Louis of Austria, 14th child of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and Feldmarschal-Leutnant of Austrian Imperial Army, dies at 80
  • 1872 Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General, dies at 46
  • 1873 Francis Garnier, French explorer, dies at 34
  • 1889 J. B. Lightfoot, English theologist and bishop of Durham, dies at 61
  • 1889 Friedrich August Quenstedt, German geologist and paleontologist, dies at 80
  • 1900 Roger Wolcott, American political figure, 39th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1847)
  • 1907 Oskar Lassar, German dermatologist (public baths), dies at 58
  • 1921 P B S Pinchback, major Reconstruction politician, dies at 84
  • 1928 Luigi Cadorna, Italian fieldmarshal (WW I, Caporetto), dies at 78
  • 1933 Knud J. V. Rasmussen, Danish Pole explorer (Thule), dies at 54
  • 1935 Kurt Tucholsky, German journalist/writer (Panter, Tiger & Co), dies at 45

Person of interestFrank Kellogg

1937 Frank Kellogg, US Secretary of State and Nobel laureate, dies at 80

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
  • 1938 Helen Miller Shepard, American philanthropist who established Hall of Fame, dies at 70

Person of interestF. Scott Fitzgerald

1940 F. Scott Fitzgerald, American author (Great Gatsby, Zelda), dies of a heart attack at 44

  • 1942 Leendert Round, Dutch sculptor (Giraffen, Blijdorp), dies at 63

Person of interestGeorge S. Patton

1945 George S. Patton, American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", dies of congestive heart failure at 60

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1948 Seishiro Itagaki, Japanese General/min of War, hanged
  • 1956 Lewis M Terman, psychologist (Genetic studies of genius), dies at 79
  • 1958 Lion Feuchtwanger, philosopher/writer (Der falsche Nero), dies at 74
  • 1959 Rosanjin, Japanese calligrapher, restaurateur and ceramicist (b. 1883)
  • 1964 Carl Van Vechten, American writer famous for the controversial novel "Nigger Heaven", dies at 84
  • 1967 Louis Washkansky, 18 days after 1st heart transplant, dies at 55
  • 1972 Horace Mann Bond, president of Lincoln University (Pa), dies at 70
  • 1974 James Henry Govier, British artist (b. 1910)
  • 1980 Marc Connelly, American playwright (One Minute Please), dies at 90
  • 1983 Paul de Man, Belgian literary critic, dies at 64
  • 1986 Willy Coppens, Belgian WW I fighter ace, dies at 94
  • 1987 John Spence, founding No Doubt member (b. 1969)
  • 1988 Nikolaas Tinbergen, Dutch-British biologist and zoologist (Nobel 1973), dies at 81
  • 1990 Clarence "Kelly" Johnson, American aeronautical engineer (Lockheed Skunk Works; b. 1910)
  • 1992 Nathan Milstein, Ukrainian/US violist (Beethoven, Bach), dies at 87
  • 1992 Sybil Andrews, English-Canadian painter, dies at 94
  • 1993 Philip Christison, British general (Rangoon), dies at 100
  • 1995 Robert Francis Vere Heuston, professor of law, dies at 72
  • 1995 Trenchard Cox, British museum director, dies at 90
  • 1996 Margaret E Rey, author of children's books, dies at 90
  • 1996 Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, patron of the arts, dies at 96
  • 1996 Barry Gray [Bernard Yaroslaw], American radio personality and interviewer (started call-in radio), dies at 80
  • 1997 Michael Lyne, air-marshal, dies at 78
  • 1997 Harold Roxbee Cox, Baron Kings Norton, British aeronautical engineer, dies at 95
  • 1998 Ernst Gunther Schenck, German doctor who joined the Sturmabteilung in 1933 {b. 1904)

Person of interestAlfred J. Gross

2000 Alfred J. Gross, American inventor (invented the walkie-talkie), dies at 82

Inventor Alfred J. Gross
Inventor
Alfred J. Gross
  • 2000 Edward Miller, British historian and Master (Fitzwilliam College Cambridge), dies at 85
  • 2003 Prince Alfonso of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Spanish playboy and businessman (b. 1924)
  • 2004 Autar Singh Paintal, Indian medical scientist, dies at 79
  • 2006 Saparmurat Niyazov, President of Turkmenistan (b. 1940)
  • 2007 Ken Hendricks, American businessman (b. 1941)
  • 2010 David Hennessy [Lord Windlesham], British politician (C) (Leader of the House of Lords 1973-4) and TV executive, dies at 78
  • 2013 Eli Beeding, American Air Force Captain and rocket test pilot, dies at 85
  • 2014 Sonia d’Artois, British Canadian WWII resistance agent, dies at 90
  • 2017 Bruce McCandless II, American aviator, electrical engineer and astronaut who made the 1st untethered space walk (STS 41B, STS-31), dies at 80