On This Day in History for December 22

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 118

  • 401 St. Innocent I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 795 Leo III succeeds pope Adrianus I
  • 1135 Norman nobles recognize Stefanus van Blois as English king
  • 1216 Pope Honorius III delegates degree "Religiosam vitam eligentibus"
  • 1465 Peace of St Truiden: Louis van Bourbon becomes bishop of Liège
  • 1536 English scholar Reginald Pole appointed cardinal
  • 1596 Ferryboat Meuniers crashes in Paris, 150 die
  • 1642 Pope Urbanus VIII publishes degree In eminente
  • 1688 Pro-James II, Earl of Danby occupies York
  • 1689 Heavy earthquake strikes Innsbruck
  • 1715 English pretender to the throne James III lands at Peterhead
  • 1731 Dutch people revolt against meat tax
  • 1772 Moravian missionary constructs 1st schoolhouse west of Allegheny
  • 1775 Continental navy organized with 7 ships
  • 1790 Supposedly impenetrable Turkish fortress of Izmail stormed and captured by Suvorov and his Russian armies during the Russo-Turkish War (1787–92)
  • 1807 US Congress passes Embargo Act, prohibiting American ships from trading in all foreign ports, as a result of involvement in hostilities between France and Britain.
  • 1810 British frigate HMS Minotaur sinks killing 480
  • 1814 Samuel Marsden of the Church Missionary Society arrives in the Bay of Islands, New Zealand to establish the country's first mission station; Sheep, cattle, horses and poultry are introduced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reaches Barnevelts Islands

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 The execution of Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky by firing squad is called off at the last second

  • 1851 The first freight train is operated in Roorkee, India.
  • 1862 -Jan 2nd) Raid on Morgan's: Bardstown to Elizabethtown, KY
  • 1870 Jules Janssen, flys in a balloon in order to study a solar eclipse

1stHistoric Invention

1877 Thomas Edison's phonograph is announced by Scientific American

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1882 1st string of Christmas tree lights created by Thomas Edison
  • 1883 August Strindberg's "Lycko-Pers Reja" premieres
  • 1885 Pope Leo XIII proclaims extraordinary jubilee
  • 1885 Itō Hirobumi, a samurai, becomes the first Prime Minister of Japan
  • 1886 1st national accountants' society in US formed (NYC)
  • 1894 -23] Dutch coast hit by hurricane
  • 1894 French officer Alfred Dreyfus court-martialed for treason, triggers worldwide charges of anti-Semitism (Dreyfus later vindicated)
  • 1905 Arrest of St Petersburg Soviet members leads to an uprising of Moscow workers and fighting in the street
  • 1907 Saint-Saëns'/Fokine's ballet "Le Cygne" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1910 US postal savings stamps 1st issued
  • 1917 Flanders declares its independence, under Pieter Tack
  • 1919 US deports 250 alien radicals, including anarchist Emma Goldman
  • 1922 Belgian parliament rejects Dutch university in Ghent
  • 1923 Bill Ponsford & Edgar Mayne make 456 opening stand for Vict
  • 1924 Philip Barry's "Youngest" premieres in NYC
  • 1930 Convention of Economic Rapprochement/Oslo Agreesments signed between some European countries in response to the Great Depression

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Retrospective show of Mexican artist Diego Rivera opens at The Museum of Modern Art in New York

Painter Diego Rivera
Diego Rivera
  • 1934 1st flight from Netherland to Curacao (Christmas flight 1934)
  • 1934 Miss Theo Trowbridge sets female bowling record 702 pins in games
  • 1935 Yaeko Iwasaki, student of D S Harada Roshi, 1st awakening in Kamakura
  • 1936 1st common carrier license issued by ICC, Scranton, Pa
  • 1937 Lincoln Tunnel (NYC) opens to traffic
  • 1939 125 die in train wreck at Magdeburg Germany
  • 1939 Finnish counter offensive at Petsamo
  • 1939 99 die in 2nd wreck at Friedrichshafen Germany
  • 1940 World War II: Himarë is captured by the Greek army.
  • 1941 Japans invasion leader lands on Luzon, Philippines

  • 1941 Tito establishes 1st Proletarian Brigade in Yugoslavia

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1941 Winston Churchill arrives in Washington, D.C. for a wartime conference

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 World War II: Adolf Hitler signs the order to develop the V-2 rocket as a weapon.

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1944 Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium
  • 1944 Sub Swordfish departs Pearl Harbor for Japan
  • 1945 Utrecht: Catholic People's party (KVP) established
  • 1947 Italian constituent assembly adopts new constitution
  • 1950 2 self-propelled trains of Long Island RR collide, killing 77
  • 1952 French government of Pinay, resigns
  • 1956 Last British & French troops leave Egypt
  • 1956 Colo is born, the first gorilla to be bred in captivity at Columbus Zoo and Aquarium, Columbus, Ohio
  • 1958 "Chipmunk Song" reaches #1
  • 1958 2nd Dutch Beel government forms
  • 1959 Continental League awards its last franchise to Dallas-Fort Worth
  • 1961 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 Harris County voters approve all-weather stadium for Houston Colt .45s
  • 1962 Kinderman Place in the Bronx named
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Oakland Raider Tom Flores passes for 6 touchdowns vs Houston (52-49)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Official 30-day mourning period for President John F. Kennedy ends

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 Cruise ship Lakonia burns 180 miles north of Madeira with the loss of 128 lives.
  • 1964 First flight of the US aircraft Lockheed SR-71, reaches 3,530 kph (record for a jet)
  • 1965 Belgian government shuts 6 coal mines
  • 1965 Great Britain sets national maximum road speed at 70 miles per hour
  • 1965 Radio Mil (Domincan Republic) transmitter blown up
  • 1970 Treblinka SS commander Franz Stangl sentenced to life imprisonment
  • 1971 UN General Assembly ratifies former Austrian President Kurt Waldheim as Secretary-General
  • 1971 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1972 6.25 earthquake strikes Managua Nicaragua, 12,000+ killed
  • 1973 OPEC Gulf Six decides to raise the posted price of marker crude from $5.12 to $11.65 per barrel effective January 1, 1974
  • 1974 2nd cease-fire between IRA & British; lasts until approx April 1975
  • 1974 Referenda in Comoros-3 islands for independence, 1 stays French

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb home of former UK Prime Minister, Edward Heath, just before announcing Christmas ceasefire

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
  • 1974 Iraq announces plans to increase its oil production capacity

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 US President Gerald Ford signs the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA)

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1976 35 Unification church couples wed in NYC
  • 1977 36 die as grain elevator at Continental Grain Company plant explodes
  • 1978 Thailand adopts constitution
  • 1981 Argentine general Leopoldo Galtieri sworn in as president
  • 1981 Belgium's 5th government of Martens forms

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1983 Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak meets with PLO leader Yasser Arafat

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak
  • 1984 Bernhard Goetz shoots 4 black muggers on NYC subway train
  • 1985 STS 51-L vehicle moves to Launch Pad 39B
  • 1987 Motley Crue's Nikki Sixx overdoses from heroin
  • 1988 2 robbers wearing police uniforms rob armored truck of $3 M in NJ
  • 1988 South Africa signs accord granting independence to South West Africa
  • 1988 Tug hits oil barge, spreads 231,000 gal on 300 mi of WA & BC coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 After 23 years of dictatorial rule, Romania ousts Nicolae Ceausescu

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1989 Chad adopts its Constitution

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 102

  • 1095 Roger II, King of Sicily, born in Mileto, Italy (d. 1154)
  • 1178 Emperor Antoku of Japan, born in Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan (d. 1185)
  • 1400 Luca della Robbia, Italian sculptor (Madonna of Rose Garden), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1482)
  • 1459 Sultan Cem, third son of Sultan Mehmed II and pretender to the Ottoman throne, born in Rumelia, Ottoman Empire (d. 1495)
  • 1515 Mary of Guise [Mary of Lorraine], pro-French Queen of Scots (1538-42) and Regent of Scotland (1554-60), born in Bar-le-Duc, France (d. 1560)
  • 1546 Kuroda Yoshitaka, Japanese daimyō, born in Himeji, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan (d. 1604)
  • 1550 Cesare Cremonini, Italian professor of natural philosophy, born in Cento, Papal States (d. 1631)
  • 1573 Ernst Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz and Stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, and Drenthe, born in Dillenburg, Germany (d. 1632)
  • 1639 Jean Racine, French dramatist (Phèdre), born in La Ferté-Milon, Picardy (d. 1699)
  • 1666 Guru Gobind Singh, Tenth Guru of Sikhism, founder and General of Khalsa Army, social reformist and poet, born in Patna Sahib (d. 1708)
  • 1684 Johann J Dillenius [Dillen], German botanist (Historia Muscorum), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1747)
  • 1690 Meidingnu Pamheiba, King of Manipur (d. 1751)
  • 1694 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1768)
  • 1696 James Oglethorpe, British soldier, politician, philanthropist, and founder of the colony of Georgia, born in Godalming, Surrey, England (d. 1758)
  • 1700 Egbert de Vrij Temminck, Amsterdam regent
  • 1702 Jean-Étienne Liotard, Swiss-French painter, art connoisseur, and dealer (Madame d'Epinay), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1789)
  • 1727 William Ellery, US attorney and signer of the Declaration of Independence (Rhode Island), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1820)
  • 1728 Charles Frederick, Margrave, Elector and later Grand Duke of Baden, born in Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1811)
  • 1765 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1825)
  • 1767 Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean innkeeper, drover, and leader of the Tyrolean Rebellion against the revolutionary Napoleonic invasion during the War of the Fifth Coalition, born in St. Leonhard in Passeier, Italy (d. 1810)
  • 1768 John Crome (Old Crome), English landscape artist, born in Norwich, England (d. 1821)
  • 1795 Thomas Ainsworth, English/Neth industrialist (Twentse textile)
  • 1803 Joseph King Fenno Mansfield, American Major General (Union Army), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1862)
  • 1805 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist (d. 1893)
  • 1807 Johann Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian poet (d. 1873)
  • 1815 Johann J Bachofen, Swiss judicial historian
  • 1819 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (d. 1892)
  • 1826 James Scott Negley, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1901)
  • 1830 Justin M'Carthy, Irish politician and novelist (Miss Misanthrope), born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1912)
  • 1831 Mark Rutherford [Hale White], English writer, born in Bedford, England (d. 1913)
  • 1831 Robert Ogden Tyler, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1874)
  • 1832 Edward Hatch, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bangor, Maine (d. 1889)
  • 1849 Fritz Mauthner, Bohemia, German author/philosopher (skepticism)
  • 1853 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1919)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856 Frank Kellogg, US Secretary of State (1925-29), tried to outlaw war (Nobel 1929), born in Potsdam, New York (d. 1937)

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
  • 1860 Austin Norman Palmer, American penmanship innovator (d. 1927)
  • 1861 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology)
  • 1863 Ch'i Pai-shih, China, traditional Chinese painter
  • 1863 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, Thoissey France, soldier/explorer (Sudan)
  • 1867 Frantisek X Salda, Czech writer/critic
  • 1867 Joseph [Maria] Olbrich, Silesia, German architect (Wiener Sezession)
  • 1867 [Karl Eduard] Wilhelm Groener, Germany. Soldier and politician
  • 1868 John Nance Garner, Texas, (VP-D-1933-41)
  • 1869 Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (Richard Corey)
  • 1869 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1931)
  • 1872 Camille Guérin, French veterinarian and bacteriologist (d. 1961)
  • 1873 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, Austria-Hungary, linguist
  • 1876 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)
  • 1879 Stanislas Bizot, French draughts champion (1925), born in Nice, France (d. 1950)
  • 1881 Enver Pasa, Istanbul Turkey, Turkish politician
  • 1883 Arthur James Cook, British trade union leader (coal miners), born in Wookey, Somerset (d. 1931)
  • 1887 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (number theory), born in Erode, British India (d. 1920)
  • 1888 Joseph Arthur Rank, English film magnate/baron
  • 1889 Mikha`il Na'imah, Lebanon, playwright
  • 1890 Mark Tobey, US abstract painter (Broadway Norm)
  • 1890 Harry Pollitt, Droylsden United Kingdom, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain
  • 1891 Edward L Bernays, 1st public relations agent, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1896 Nikolay Semyonovich Tikhonov, poet, born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1898 Lionel Charles Robbins, British economist, born in Middlesex, England (d. 1984)
  • 1898 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock, Russian physicist (d. 1974)
  • 1899 Wiley Post, Texas, aviation pioneer
  • 1902 Jacques-Philippe Leclerc, French WW II hero (liberator of Paris)
  • 1902 Joe Adonis, Italian American crime-syndicate boss in NY & NJ
  • 1903 Barbara Moore, doctor, walked across US in 86 days in 1960
  • 1903 H Keffer Hartline, American biophysicist (Nobel 1967)
  • 1904 Louis-Eugene-Felix Neel, Lyon France, physicist (Nobel 1970)
  • 1905 Kenneth Rexroth, American poet/critic/translator (Birds in the Bush)
  • 1908 Marius F Duintjer, Dutch architect
  • 1908 Max Bill, Swiss painter/sculptor/politician (Ruban Sans Fin)
  • 1911 Grote Reber, American astronomer (1st parabolic radio telescope)
  • 1912 Claudia A "Lady Bird" Taylor Johnson, 1st lady (1963-1969)
  • 1912 Doris Duke, heiress (American Tobacco Co), born in NYC, New York
  • 1913 Anthony Barber Doncaster, bookseller
  • 1917 Andrew Fielding Huxley, physiologist (Nobel 1963), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • 1917 Gene Rayburn, TV game show host (Match Game), born in Christopher, Illinois
  • 1917 Piet De Somer, Belgian rector (U of Leuven)
  • 1922 Calder Willingham, American novelist and scriptwriter, born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Jim [James] Wright, (D-Texas), politician (Speaker of House 1987-89), born in Forth Worth, Texas
  • 1922 Jack Brooks, American politician. (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Lewis Glucksman, American financier (d. 2006)
  • 1928 Piero Angelo, Italian writer (Control)
  • 1930 Peter Hall, Suffolk England, director (Royal Shakespeare Company)
  • 1930 Larry Stevenson [Richard], skateboard innovator (kicktail), born in Santa Monica, California (d. 2012)
  • 1935 John L Finley, USAF/astronaut
  • 1937 Marco J de Castro, Dutch Antillian politician
  • 1938 Lucien Bouchard, Quebec politician
  • 1943 Paul Wolfowitz, American politician
  • 1945 Joris J C Voorhoeve, Dutch Defense minister (1994-, VVD)
  • 1947 Brian C Daley, American sci-fi author (Exploits of Han Solo, Tron)
  • 1951 Charles de Lint, Canadian sci-fi author (Moonhear, Mulengro, Yarrow), born in Bussum, Netherlands
  • 1951 Gerald Grosvenor, English 6th Duke of Westminster and wealthy landowner, born in Omagh, Northern Ireland (d. 2016)
  • 1954 Jayaseelan Naidoo, South African worker's union leader
  • 1957 Susan Powter, Australian-born American motivational speaker, nutritionist, personal trainer, and author (The Susan Powter Show), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1957 Carole James, Canadian politician, born in Dukinfield, United Kingdom
  • 1960 Jean-Michel Basquiat, US art (Gray, SAMO), born in Brooklyn, New York City, New York (d. 1988)
  • 1960 Patrick Fitzgerald, US attorney
  • 1961 Yuri Ivanovich Malinchenko, Russian cosmonaut (1st person to marry in space), born in Khrushchev, Ukrainian SSR, USSR
  • 1961 Andrew Fastow, US convicted criminal and businessman (former CFO of Enron), born in Washington, D.C., United States
  • 1963 Luna H. Mitani, Japanese-American surrealist painter
  • 1969 Marcie Aguilar, US female infielder (Colo Silver Bullets), born in Tucson, Arizona

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1915 Biologist Alexander Fleming (34) weds Sara McElroy

  • 1968 Julie Nixon weds Dwight David Eisenhower

HeartWedding of Interest

1968 Author and cooking show host Ina Garten (20) weds dean Jeffrey Garten

Author and Cooking Show Host Ina Garten
Author and Cooking Show Host
Ina Garten
  • 2013 Actress Lacey Chabert (31) weds longtime boyfriend David Nehdar in Los Angeles, California

Deaths in History

  • 69 Aulus Vitellius, Roman Emperor for 8 months, executed by the troops of his successor Vespasian in Rome
  • 1100 Duke Bretislaus II of Bohemia
  • 1337 Daito Kokushi, leader of O-To-Kan Rinzai school in Japan, dies at 54
  • 1419 Pope John XXIII [Baldassare Cossa], Italian Pope (1410-15), dies at 81
  • 1550 Richard Plantagenet (Richard of Eastwell) possibly a son of Richard III
  • 1603 Mehmed III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1595–1603), dies at 37
  • 1646 Peter Mogila, Orthodox Metropolitan of Kiev and Galicia (b. 1596)
  • 1660 André Tacquet, Flemish mathematician (b. 1612)
  • 1668 Stephen Day, English-born colonial printer (The Psalms in Meter - 1st book printed in American colonies), dies at about 58
  • 1681 Richard Alleine, English Puritan clergyman (b. 1611)
  • 1708 Hedwig Sophia, duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, Swedish writer (b. 1681)
  • 1721 Nathaniel Hawes, tortured & executed in England for robbery
  • 1723 Jacques Basnage, French/Dutch historian/vicar, dies at 70
  • 1738 Constantia Jones, British prostitute, executed on theft allegations at 30
  • 1767 John Newberry, English publisher, dies
  • 1788 Percivall Pott, English physician and surgeon (b. 1714)
  • 1806 William Vernon, American merchant (b. 1719)
  • 1815 Jose Maria Morelos, Mexican revolutionary priest executed by Spaniards
  • 1828 Rachel Jackson, wife of 7th US President Andrew Jackson, dies of heart failure
  • 1828 William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist (b. 1766)
  • 1863 Michael Corcoran, Union brigadier general, dies at 36
  • 1867 Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician (kinematics), dies at 79
  • 1873 Charles Lenox Remond, African American Orator and abolitionist, dies at 63
  • 1880 George Eliot [Mary Anne Evans], English novelist (Adam Bede, Middlemarch), dies on her 61st birthday
  • 1893 Johann Czerski, German chaplain, dies at 80
  • 1899 Dwight L Moody, US evangelist (Student Volunteer Movement), dies
  • 1902 Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing, psychiatrist, dies at 62
  • 1908 Marie Jungius, Dutch teacher/fairy tale writer, dies at 44
  • 1913 Menelik II, King of Ethiopia (1896-1913), dies at 69
  • 1917 Francesca Saveria Cabrini, US saint/patron of immigrant, dies at 67
  • 1918 Albijn van de Abeele, Flemish author/mayor/painter, dies at 83
  • 1937 Daito Kokushi, Zen founder of Daitokuji, dies in Kyoto at 55
  • 1940 Nathanael West, [Weinstein], American writer (Cool Million), dies at 37
  • 1942 Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist (Mind of Primitive Man), dies 84

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1943 Beatrix Potter, English children's writer and illustrator ("The Tale of Peter Rabbit") dies aged 77

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • 1945 Otto Neurath, Austrian/British philosopher, dies at 63
  • 1947 Therese Brandl, Nazi concentration camp guard (b. 1902)
  • 1958 Fjodor W Gladkow, Russian author (Cement), dies at 75
  • 1968 Louise Granville, entertainer, dies of influenza at 73
  • 1969 Josef von Sternberg, Austrian director (Shanghai Express), dies at 75
  • 1971 Godfried Jan Arnold Bomans, Dutch writer (Eric), dies at 58
  • 1971 Renee Evans, entertainer, dies of heart attack at 63
  • 1974 Fosco Giachetti, Italian actor (Wastrel, We the Living), dies at 74
  • 1974 Lorraine Gauguin, entertainer, dies at 50


1988 Chico Mendes, Brazilian environmental activist and rubber tapper, assassinated at 44 by rancher Darcy Alves

Environmentalist Chico Mendes
Chico Mendes

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1989 Samuel Beckett, Irish French writer (Molloy, Nobel 1969), dies at 83

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • 1992 Frederick W Franz, CEO (Watch Tower), dies at 99
  • 1993 Alexander Mackendrick, director (Whiskey Galore!), dies at 81
  • 1995 James Meade, English economist, Bank of Sweden Prize winner (b. 1907)
  • 1996 Hetta [Hester Henrietta] Empson, South African-born British artist, dies at 81
  • 1997 Douglas Ranger, surgeon, dies at 81
  • 1997 Hugh Edward Conway Seymour, 8th Marquess of Hertford, dies at 67
  • 1997 John Pinkerton, English computer scientist who designed the first business computer in England, the LEO computer, dies at 78
  • 1997 Juzo Itami, Japanese director, commits suicide at 64
  • 2002 Desmond Hoyte, President of Guyana (b. 1929)
  • 2007 Adrian Cristobal, Filipino writer (b. 1932)
  • 2009 Luis Francisco Cuéllar, Colombian politician (b. 1940)
  • 2011 James Ramseur, one of Bernhard Goetz's assailants in 1984, overdoses on drugs at 45
  • 2016 Margaret Pereira, English forensic scientist (Nicholls and Pereira method), dies at 88