On This Day

On This Day in History for December 23

Events in History

  • 619 Boniface V begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 962 Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops storm the city of Aleppo, recovering the tattered tunic of John the Baptist

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1482 The Peace of Atrecht (now Arras) concluded between Louis XI of France and Maximilian of Austria, ending the War of the Burgundian Succession

King of France Louis XI
King of France
Louis XI
  • 1493 Georg Alt's German translation of Hartmann Schedel's Nuremberg Chronicle is published.
  • 1588 "The Day of the Dagger" Henry, Duke of Guise, leader of the Catholic League is assassinated by the bodyguards of King Henry III at the Château de Blois

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1620 French huguenots declare war on King Louis XIII

King of France Louis XIII
King of France
Louis XIII
  • 1672 Giovanni Cassini discovers Rhea, a satellite of Saturn
  • 1688 King James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch flees to France from William of Orange

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1690 English astronomer John Flamsteed observes Uranus without realizing it's undiscovered

1st Astronomer Royal John Flamsteed
1st Astronomer Royal
John Flamsteed
  • 1692 Nahum Tate is appointed the third Poet Laureate by English monarchs William and Mary
  • 1715 Russian/Prussian troops occupy Stralsund

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1724 Emperor Charles VI names Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria land guardian of the Austrian Netherlands

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • 1751 France sets plan to tax clergymen
  • 1776 Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1779 Benedict Arnold court-martialed for improper conduct

US General and Turncoat Benedict Arnold
US General and Turncoat
Benedict Arnold

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783 US General George Washington resigns his military commission as Commander-in-Chief of the Army to Congress

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1788 Maryland votes to cede a 10 square mile area for District of Columbia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1793 Thomas Jefferson warns of slave revolts in the West Indies

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1815 "Emma" By Jane Austen by published by John Murray in London [1]

Novelist Jane Austen
Jane Austen
  • 1823 "Visit from St Nicholas" by C Moore published in Troy (NY) Sentinel
  • 1832 Dutch troops in Antwerp surrender
  • 1834 Joseph Hansom of London receives patent for Hansom cabs
  • 1852 1st Chinese theater in US, the Celestial John, opens in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Union General Ben "Beast" Butler is proclaimed a "felon, outlaw & common enemy of mankind" by Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1876 Turkey's 1st constitution proclaimed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear with a razor, after argument with fellow painter Paul Gauguin, and sends to a prostitute for safe keeping

Painter Vincent van Gogh
Vincent van Gogh
Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin
  • 1899 British Field Marshal Lord Roberts departs Southampton for South Africa for the 2nd Boer War
  • 1899 Tentative Turkish & German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
  • 1900 As American forces defeat Filipino insurgents and impose civil authority, some Filipinos form a Federal Party with a platform recognizing US sovereignty
  • 1907 1st all-steel passengar railroad coach completed, Altoona, Pennsylvania
  • 1909 Albert I becomes the third King of the Belgians
  • 1912 1st "Keystone Kops" film, entitled "Hoffmeyer's Legacy"
  • 1912 Aswan Low Dam in Nile begins operation

AssassinationAssassination Attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge

1912 Indian revolutionary underground in Bengal and Punjab, headed by Rash Behari Bose attempt to assassinate Viceroy of India Lord Hardinge, by throwing homemade bomb into Viceroys's Howdah (elephant carriage) during ceremonial procession in Delhi. Although wounded, the Viceroy survives. Investigations lead to the Delhi conspiracy trial.

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An assassination attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge (1858-1944) Viceroy of India, illustration from 'Le Petit Journal'
An assassination attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge (1858-1944) Viceroy of India, illustration from 'Le Petit Journal'
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1914 World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1916 World War I: Battle of Magdhaba - Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt's Sinai peninsula
  • 1917 3 British warships come close to Holland
  • 1919 1st hospital ship built to move wounded naval personnel launched
  • 1919 Alice H Parker patents gas heating furnace
  • 1920 Government of Ireland Act / Home Rule Act passed partitioning Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Visva-Bharati University is inaugurated in Santiniketan, West Bengal, India, founded by Rabindranath Tagore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Gangster Carlo Gambino enters the United States as an illegal immigrant on the SS Vincenzo Florio

Gangster Carlo Gambino
Carlo Gambino
  • 1922 BBC Radio began daily newscasts

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1922 Pope Pius XI pleas for peace: encyclical Ubi arcano

259th Pope Pius XI
259th Pope
Pius XI
  • 1926 KEX-AM in Portland OR begins radio transmissions
  • 1930 Police Bureau of Criminal Alien Investigation started in NYC
  • 1933 Dutch communist Marinus van der Lubbe sentenced to death for setting the German Reichstag on fire
  • 1933 Train crash in Eastern Paris; 230 die
  • 1936 Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • 1937 First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber
  • 1938 Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa
  • 1939 Finnish counter offensive at Summa
  • 1939 South Australia score 7-821 against Queensland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 John Van Druten's "Old Acquaintance" premieres in NYC

Playwright John Van Druten
John Van Druten
  • 1941 American forces on Wake Island surrender to Japanese
  • 1941 British troops overrun Benghazi, Libya
  • 1941 Japan begins assault on Rangoon, Burma
  • 1942 Allies air attack on Den Helder, Netherlands

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1943 General Bernard Montgomery told he is appointed commandant for D-day

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1944 Beginning of 'the harsh winter', contributes to the famine that develops in the Netherlands

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1945 Pope Pius XII encyclical Orientals omnes, about Rutheense church

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1946 Belgian Council of State forms
  • 1946 Highest ridership in NYC subway history (8.8 million passengers)
  • 1946 University of Tennessee refuses to play Duquesne University after they suggested they may use a black player in their basketball game

InventionHistoric Invention

1947 Transistor invented by John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain and William Shockley in Bell Labs

Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen
Physicist William Shockley
William Shockley
Physicist Walter Houser Brattain
Walter Houser Brattain
  • 1951 Last Belgian communities get electricity
  • 1952 Alain Bombard arrives in Barbados after 65 days at sea proving his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive with almost no provisions, despite having lost 25 kg (65 lbs) in weight
  • 1954 The first human kidney transplant is performed by Dr. Joseph E. Murray at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1958 Abdallah Ibrahim forms government in Morocco
  • 1960 Jan De Quay's Dutch government falls
  • 1960 King Saud of Saudi Arabia takes power
  • 1961 Train accident in Italy, 70 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Fidel Castro announces Cuba will release 1,113 prisoners from failed 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion for $62M worth of food & medical supplies

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1962 Cuba starts returning US prisoners from Bay of Pigs invasion
  • 1962 AFL Championship, Jeppesen Stadium, Houston: Dallas Texans beat Houston Oilers, 20-17; Tommy Brooker lands winning 25-yard field goal in overtime
  • 1963 The Beach Boys 1st appearance on "Shindig"
  • 1963 Fire on Greek ship Laconia, 128 die
  • 1964 India & Ceylon hit by cyclone, about 4,850 killed
  • 1967 Brussels: NATO Council accept "Flexible Response" strategy
  • 1968 1st US case of space motion sickness
  • 1968 82 members of US intelligence ship Pueblo released by North Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William Anders become the 1st men to orbit the Moon

Astronaut Frank Borman
Frank Borman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 7,511th performance of Agatha Christie's play "The Mousetrap" (record) in London's West End

Novelist Agatha Christie
Agatha Christie
  • 1970 French author Régis Debray freed in Bolivia
  • 1970 NYC World Trade Center reaches highest point (411 m)
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1970 A Protestant man is shot dead at his home in Belfast, North Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 British Prime Minister Edward Heath visits Northern Ireland and expresses his determination to end the violence

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
  • 1972 16 plane crash survivors rescued from Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 after 72 days on the Andean Mountains, after only surviving through cannibalism
  • 1972 6.25 Earthquake destroys central Managua Nicaragua, 10,000 die
  • 1972 B. S. Chandrasekhar takes 8-79 India v England at Delhi
  • 1973 6 Persian Gulf nations double their oil prices
  • 1973 French Caravelle airliner crashes in Morocco, 106 killed
  • 1975 US Congress passes Metric Conversion Act
  • 1975 Peter Seitz makes Andy Messersmith & Dave McNally free agents
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces it has identified dangerous levels of dioxin in the soil of Times Beach, Missouri.
  • 1983 Journal "Science" publishes 1st report on nuclear winter
  • 1986 Experimental airplane Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan & Jeana Yeager, complete 1st nonstop, round-the-world flight without refueling lands

Birthdays in History

Person of interestZenobia

245 Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra, born in Palmyra, Syria (d. 274)

Queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Roman Syria Zenobia
Queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Roman Syria
  • 1173 Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1231)
  • 1513 Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (d. 1577)
  • 1544 Anna, duchess of Saxson/wife of prince Willem of Orange (1561-71)
  • 1548 Pieter C. Bockenberg, Dutch historian (Annales Hollandiae et Zeelandiae)
  • 1597 Martin Opitz, German poet "Father of Modern German Poetry", born in Bunzlau, Silesia (d. 1639)
  • 1613 Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish soldier (d. 1676)
  • 1621 Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (d. 1678)
  • 1621 Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1682)
  • 1722 Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, Swedish Chemist who discovered nickel and tungsten, born in Turinge, Sweden (d. 1765)

Person of interestRichard Arkwright

1732 Richard Arkwright, English industrialist and inventor (created the spinning frame), born in Preston, England (d. 1792)

Industrialist and Inventor Richard Arkwright
Industrialist and Inventor
Richard Arkwright
  • 1743 Ippolit Bogdanovich, Russian author (Dushenka), born in Perevolochna, Cossack Hetmanate (d. 1803)
  • 1750 Frederik Augustus I of Saxony (1806-27) last Elector of Saxony, (d. 1827)
  • 1758 Nathan Wilson U.S. Representative from New York, born in Bolton, Massachusetts
  • 1777 Alexander I, tsar of Russia (1801-25), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1825)
  • 1780 Charles-Louis Panckoucke, French publisher and editor (Bibliothèque latine-française) (d. 1844)
  • 1790 Jean-Francois Champollion, French scolar who deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics with Rosetta Stone, born in Figeac, France (d. 1832)
  • 1804 Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French critic and writer (Informal Talk), born in Boulogne, France (d. 1869)

Person of interestJoseph Smith

1805 Joseph Smith Jr, American founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Sharon, Vermont (d. 1844)

Religious Leader Joseph Smith
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith
  • 1808 Thomas Turner, American Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1883)
  • 1812 Samuel Smiles, Scotland, author (Self-Help, Character, Duty)
  • 1815 Henry Highland Garnet, American minister, abolitionist and diplomat, born in Maryland
  • 1818 David Addison Weisiger, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • 1819 Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch poet and clergyman (d. 1889)
  • 1822 Wilhelm Bauer, German engineer (built the Brandtaucher an incendiary submarine), born in Dillingen, Bavaria (d. 1875)
  • 1827 Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff, Austrian admiral (Helgoland/Lissa)
  • 1843 Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1924)
  • 1845 Emmanuel-Persillier Lachapelle, Canadian physician and founder of Hôpital Notre-Dame, Montreal), born in Sault-au-Récollet, Montreal
  • 1845 Gustave Ador, Swiss politician and 36th President of the Swiss Confederation (1919), born in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1928)
  • 1854 Henry B. Guppy, British botanist who studied in the Pacific, born in Falmouth, England (d. 1926)
  • 1858 Vladimir Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, Russian playwright (Life in Russian Theater), born in Shemokmedi , Georgia (d. 1943)
  • 1860 Harriet Monroe, American poet and editor of Poetry magazine (You & I), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1862 Henri Pirenne, Belgian historian (History of Belgium)
  • 1864 Zorka of Montenegro, Princess of Serbia (d. 1890)

Person of interestMadam C. J. Walker

1867 Madam C. J. Walker [Sarah Breedlove], African American entrepreneur (First American self-made female millionaire, Madame C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company), born in Delta, Louisiana (d. 1919)

Cosmetics Mogul Madam C. J. Walker
Cosmetics Mogul
Madam C. J. Walker
  • 1878 Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (d. 1972)
  • 1883 Hubert Pierlot, Belgian advocate and politician, Prime Minister of Belgium (1939-45), born in Cugnon, Belgium (d. 1963)
  • 1885 Pierre Brissaud, French artist (d. 1964)
  • 1886 Albert Ehrenstein, Austria writer (Message from the Madhouse)
  • 1888 Friedrich Wolf, German writer and diplomat, born in Neuwied, Germany (d. 1953)
  • 1896 Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Sicilian writer (The Leopard), born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 1957)
  • 1900 Otto Soglow, American comics artist (d. 1975)
  • 1902 Norman Maclean, American author (A River Runs Through It and Other Stories), born in Clarinda, Iowa, (d. 1990)
  • 1902 Charan Singh, Indian politician, 5th Prime Minister of India (1979-80), born in Noorpur District, British India (d. 1987)
  • 1903 Michael Kalatozov, Russian producer (When the Cranes Fly)
  • 1907 Manuel Lopes, Cape Verdean writer and poet (d. 2005)
  • 1907 Avraham Stern, Polish-born Zionist leader (d. 1942)
  • 1908 Yousuf Karsh, American Canadian portrait photographer (Life Magazine), born in Mardin, Ottoman Empire (d. 2002)
  • 1910 Kurt Meyer, German SS officer (d. 1961)
  • 1911 Niels Jerne, Danish immunologist (1984 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology), born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • 1918 Helmut Schmidt, German politician, Chancellor of West Germany (SPD, 1974- 82), born in Hamburg (d. 2015)
  • 1919 Kenneth M. Taylor, American pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1919 Peggy Fortnum, British Illustrator (first to draw Paddington Bear), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1922 Ian Powell Bancroft, British senior civil servant, born in Barrow-in-Furness, England (d. 1996)
  • 1923 James Stockdale, American admiral (Vietnam) andRoss Perot's 1992 running mate, born in Abingdon, Illinois (d. 2005)
  • 1923 Lucas Mangope, 1st president of Bophuthatswana (1977-94) (d. 2018)
  • 1925 Henry Charles Gordon, American engineer and astronaut (Dynasoar), born in Valparaiso, Indiana (d. 1996)
  • 1926 Robert Bly, American poet & essayist (Loving a Woman in 2 Worlds), born in Lac qui Parle County, Minnesota
  • 1929 Dick Weber, American ten-pin bowling pro (16, 300 games), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 2005)
  • 1929 Charles R. Bentley, American pioneer of polar science, born in Rochester, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Tertius Metcalf, English businessman, born in Essex, England (d. 1996)

Person of interestAkihito

1933 Akihito, Emperor of Japan (1989-2019), born in Tokyo, Japan

Emperor of Japan Akihito
Emperor of Japan
  • 1937 Karol Joseph Bobko, American Col USAF/astronaut (STS 6, STS 51D, STS 51J), born in NYC, New York
  • 1938 Bob Kahn, American internet pioneer, born in Brooklyn, New York City
  • 1940 Robert Labine, French-Canadian politician, born in Québec, Canada
  • 1943 Silvia Sommerlath, German wife of King Carl XVI of Sweden, born in Heidelberg, Germany
  • 1943 Stephen Wallace, Australian director (For Love Affair, Hunger, Mail Order Bride), born in New South Wales, Australia
  • 1943 Mikhail Gromov, Russian-born mathematician, born in Boksitogorsk, Russia
  • 1944 Wesley Clark, American military officer, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1945 Donald A. Ritchie, American Historian Emeritus of the United States Senate, born in NYC, New York
  • 1946 John Sullivan, English television scriptwriter, born in Balham, London (d. 2011)
  • 1950 Michael C. Burgess, American politician, born in Rochester, Minnesota
  • 1950 Ilchi Lee, South Korean educator and author, born in Cheonan, South Korea
  • 1952 William Kristol, American political commentator, born in NYC, New York
  • 1953 Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1955 Carol Ann Duffy, Scottish poet (British Poet Laureate 2009-19), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1959 Geoff Willis, British engineer, born in Southampton, United Kingdom
  • 1960 [Zindziswa] Zindzi Mandela, South African politician, born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 2020)
  • 1963 Donna Tartt, American writer (The Secret History), born in Greenwood, Mississippi
  • 1967 Tim Fountain, British playwright, born in Dewsbury, United Kingdom
  • 1970 Shannon Bream [DePuy], American Journalist (Fox News) Miss Virginia (1991), born in Lynchburg, Virginia
  • 1971 Tara Palmer-Tomkinson, British socialite, born in Hampshire (d. 2017)
  • 1979 Holly Madison, American model, born in Astoria, Oregon

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1847 Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie Bowell (24) weds Harriet Moore

5th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie Bowell
5th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie Bowell

LoveWedding of Interest

1977 Future President of Chile Michelle Bachelet (26) weds architect Jorge Dávalos

President of Chile Michelle Bachelet
President of Chile
Michelle Bachelet

LoveWedding of Interest

1981 Astronaut Chris Hadfield (22) weds high-school girlfriend Helene Walter

Astronaut Chris Hadfield
Chris Hadfield

Deaths in History

  • 558 Childebert, King of France (specifically, the Neustrian Franks) (511-58), dies at about 62
  • 679 Dagobert II, king of Austrasia (676-679), murdered while hunting at about 27
  • 910 Naum of Preslav, Bulgarian scholar
  • 918 Conrad I of Germany [Conrad the Younger], King of East Francia (911-18)
  • 1116 Ivo van Chartres, French canonist/bishop of Chartres/saint, dies
  • 1230 Berengaria of Navarre, queen of Richard I of England
  • 1236 Philippus Cancellarius, French theologist/poet (Summa Cum Laude), dies
  • 1502 Margaretha, English princess of Burgundy, dies at 57
  • 1568 Roger Ascham, tutor of Elizabeth I of England
  • 1569 St Philip II, Metropolitan of Moscow, martyred by Ivan the Terrible
  • 1575 Akiyama Nobutomo, Japanese warrior (hanged) (b. 1531)
  • 1588 Hendrik de Guise, French leader of Catholic League, murdered at 37
  • 1619 John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Prussia (1618-19), dies at 47
  • 1631 Michael Drayton, English poet (b. 1563)
  • 1646 François Maynard, French poet (b. 1582)
  • 1652 John Cotton, Puritan clergyman in Massachusetts Bay colony, dies at 68
  • 1675 Caesar, duc de Choiseul, French marshal and diplomat (b. 1602)
  • 1722 Pierre Varignon, French mathematician (b. 1654)
  • 1744 Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, Duchess of Lorraine, dies at 68
  • 1749 Mark Catesby, English naturalist (Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands), dies at 66
  • 1761 Alestair Ruadh MacDonnell, Scottish Jacobite spy "Pickle, dies at 36"
  • 1771 Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, first native Canadian canonized (founded the Order of Sisters of Charity of Montreal), dies at 70,
  • 1779 Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral and politician (b. 1724)
  • 1787 Louise of France, French princess daughter of King Louis XV and Marie Leszczyńska and Carmelite prioress, dies at 50
  • 1789 Charles-Michel de l'Épée, French philanthropist and developer of 'Signed French', dies at 77
  • 1793 Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (b. 1697)
  • 1795 Henry Clinton, British army officer and politician, dies at 65
  • 1805 Pehr Osbeck, Swedish explorer and naturalist (b. 1723)
  • 1834 Thomas Malthus, British economist and demographer (Law of Malthus), dies of heart disease at 68
  • 1846 Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent, French naturalist (b. 1780)
  • 1877 Thomas Wright, English antiquarian and writer, dies at 87
  • 1902 Frederick Temple, 95th Archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 81
  • 1907 Pierre Janssen, French astronomer, discovered helium, dies at 83
  • 1912 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist, dies at 62
  • 1915 Roland Leighton, English poet and soldier (featured in The Testament of Youth) dies on French battlefield during WWI at 20
  • 1925 A S C Wallis [Adele von Antal-Opzoomer], Dutch writer (Vorstengunst), dies at 69
  • 1930 Johannes H. Been, Brielle archivist, dies at 71
  • 1931 Wilson Bentley, American scientist (b. 1865)
  • 1938 Robert Herrick, American novelist (Chimes), dies at 70
  • 1939 Anthony H. G. Fokker, Dutch airplane builder (Spider), dies at 49
  • 1943 Theo[dorus J] Thijssen, Dutch writer (Kees de Jongen), dies at 64
  • 1944 Charles Dana Gibson, American illustrator (Gibson Girl), dies at 77
  • 1945 Mogens Klitgaard, Danish author (Brunkul), dies at 39
  • 1946 John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (b. 1873)

BattleHideki Tojo

1948 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during WW II (1941-44), hanged for war crimes at 64

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1951 Benito Lynch, Irish-Argentine writer (Palo Verde), dies at 66

BattleLavrentiy Beria

1953 Lavrentiy Beria, Soviet politician and head of the NKVD secret service, executed after being ousted from power at 54

Head of the Soviet Secret Police Lavrentiy Beria
Head of the Soviet Secret Police
Lavrentiy Beria
  • 1954 René Iché, French sculptor (b. 1897)
  • 1959 Edward Frederick Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax, viceroy of India and British ambassador to US (1940-46), dies at 78
  • 1961 Kurt Meyer, German SS officer (b. 1910)
  • 1962 George Saiko, Austrian writer, dies at 70
  • 1966 Heimito von Doderer, Austrian writer, dies at 70
  • 1967 Ruth Fuller Sasaki, American Zen teacher (1st Zen Institute of America), dies at 75
  • 1972 Andrej Tupolev, Russian aircraft builder, dies at 84
  • 1972 Abraham Joshua Heschel, Polish-born Jewish American rabbi and theologian dies in New York aged 65
  • 1973 Gerard Kuiper, Dutch-American astronomer after whom the Kuiper belt is named, dies at 68
  • 1975 Richard S Welch, CIA station chief in Athens, shot dead
  • 1976 Paul M Frank Forest, dies at 80
  • 1976 Walter Bauer, German Canadian writer, dies at 72
  • 1979 Peggy Guggenheim, American art collector, dies at 81
  • 1983 Colin Middleton, Northern Irish artist (b. 1910)
  • 1984 Joan Lindsay, Australian author (Picnic at Hanging Rock), dies at 88
  • 1991 Rosa Jackson Lumpkin, among the oldest people in the world, dies at 115
  • 1994 Didier Rocher, son of French cosmetic maker Yves Rocher, dies at 41
  • 1995 David Land, impresario and theatre producer, dies at 77
  • 1997 Austin Whitaker, schoolmaster classical scholar/archivist, dies at 90
  • 1997 Brian Malzard Foss, British psychologist, dies at 76
  • 1997 Donald Gunn MacRae, British sociologist, dies at 76
  • 2001 Bola Ige, Nigerian politician, Minister of Justice, murdered at 71
  • 2002 Tatamkhulu Afrika, South African poet & writer, dies at 82
  • 2004 P. V. Narasimha Rao, Indian politician, 9th Prime Minister of India (1991-96), dies of a heart attack at 83
  • 2004 Anne Truitt, American artist dies aged 83
  • 2004 Peter Beazley, British politician (C) (European Parliament), dies at 82
  • 2006 Robert Stafford, American politician (Sen-R-VT, 1971-88), dies at 93
  • 2007 William Francis Ganong, American physiologist (b. 1924)
  • 2008 Eric Charles Twelves Wilson, English British Army officer (awarded Victoria Cross), dies at 96
  • 2009 Robert L. Howard, highly decorated officer of the United States Army (b. 1939)
  • 2009 Edward Schillebeeckx, Belgian Roman Catholic theologian (b. 1914)
  • 2009 Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme, Tibetan senior official (b. 1910)
  • 2010 K. Karunakaran, Indian politician (b. 1918)
  • 2010 Fred Hargesheimer, American World War II pilot (b. 1916)

Person of interestMikhail Kalashnikov

2013 Mikhail Kalashnikov, Russian general and inventor of the AK-47, dies at 94

  • 2015 Alfred G. Gilman, American scientist (1994 Nobel Prize for G-protein discoveries), dies at 74
  • 2016 Piers J Sellers, English astronaut and climate scientist, dies of cancer at 61