On This Day

On This Day in History for December 25

Events in History

  • 1 1st Christmas, according to calendar-maker Dionysus Exiguus

RomanRoman Empire

274 Roman Emperor Aurelian dedicates a temple to Sol Invictus on the supposed day of the winter solstice and day of rebirth of the Sun.

Roman Emperor Aurelian
Roman Emperor
  • 337 Earliest possible date that Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
  • 352 1st definite date Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
  • 390 Roman emperor Theodosius admits debt on mass murder in Thessalonica
  • 496 King Clovis I is baptized a Roman Catholic in Reims cathedral - first Germanic king to do so, according to Henry of Tours (year disputed)
  • 597 England adopts Julian calendar
  • 604 Battle at Etampes (Stampae): Burgundy beat Neustriers

RomanRoman Empire

800 Pope Leo III crowns Charles the Great (Charlemagne), Roman Emperor

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
  • 875 Charles the Bald crowned emperor of Rome
  • 967 John XIII crowned Otto II the Red German compassionate emperor
  • 969 Johannes I Tzimisces crowned emperor of Byzantium
  • 999 Heribertus becomes bishop of Cologne
  • 1000 Monarch Istvan crowned king of Hungary
  • 1046 Pope Clemens VI crowns Henry III as Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1048 Parliament of Worms: Emperor Henry III names his cousin Count Bruno van Egisheim-Dagsburg as Pope Leo IX

Declaration of WarNorman Invasion of England

1066 William the Conqueror is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey, completing the Norman conquest of England

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William the Conqueror and his army land at Pevensey as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
William the Conqueror and his army land at Pevensey as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
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  • 1100 Boudouin I of Boulogne crowned King of Jerusalem
  • 1101 Henry I of Limburg becomes Duke of Lower Lorraine
  • 1121 Norbertus van Xanten finds order of the Norbertijnen
  • 1130 Anti-pope Anacletus II crowns Roger II the Norman king of Sicily
  • 1194 Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI crowned King of Sicily in Palermo Cathedral

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1223 St Francis of Assisi assembles 1st Nativity scene (Greccio, Italy)

Catholic Friar, Preacher and Saint Francis of Assisi
Catholic Friar, Preacher and Saint
Francis of Assisi
  • 1261 John IV Lascaris of the restored Eastern Roman Empire is deposed and blinded by orders of his co-ruler Michael VIII Palaeologus.

Historic DiscoverySanta María

1492 Christopher Columbus' flagship the Santa María runs aground and sinks on the north coast of Hispaniola. The crew are left to found a colony as Columbus returns to Spain

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Christopher Columbus aboard his flagship the Santa María in 1492
Christopher Columbus aboard his flagship the Santa María in 1492
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  • 1522 Turkish troops occupy Rhodos
  • 1553 Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeats the Spanish conquistadors and exetutes the governor of Chile Pedro de Valdivia.

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1582 Zealand and Brabant adopts Gregorian calendar, yesterday was Dec 14th

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • 1599 The city of Natal, Brazil, is founded.
  • 1613 Johan Sigismund of Brandenburg becomes protestant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1621 Governor William Bradford of Plymouth Colony (now in Massachusetts) forbids game playing on Christmas

First Governor of Plymouth Colony William Bradford
First Governor of Plymouth Colony
William Bradford
  • 1640 Pierre de Fermat writes to Marin Mersenne about Fermat's church thesis
  • 1641 Emperor Ferdinand III makes appointments with Sweden and France
  • 1643 Christmas Island founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.
  • 1651 Massachusetts General Court ordered a five shilling fine for "observing any such day as Christmas"
  • 1683 English Whig leader Duke of Monmouth flees to Holland
  • 1688 British King James II lands in Ambleteuse, France
  • 1688 Lord Delamere sides with King James II
  • 1717 Floods ravage Dutch coast provinces, thousands killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1741 Astronomer Anders Celsius introduces Centigrade temperature scale

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Anders Celsius
  • 1745 Prussia and Austria sign Treaty of Dresden giving much of Silesia to the Prussians
  • 1758 Return of Halley's comet 1st sighted by Johann Georg Palitzsch
  • 1760 Jupiter Hammon, an African American slave, composes poetry broadside "An Evening Thought" (1st poetry published by an African American 1761)
  • 1769 First Christian service in New Zealand; Mass is celebrated in Doubtless Bay by Father Paul-Antoine Léonard de Villefeix of the de Surville expedition

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1775 Pope Pius VI encyclical on the problems of the pontificate

Pope Pius VI
Pius VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 George Washington crosses Delaware, surprises and defeats 1,400 Hessians

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1809 Physician Ephraim McDowell performs the first abdominal surgery in the U.S, an ovariotomy to remove a 22 lb ovarian tumor
  • 1814 Reverend Samuel Marsden of the Church Missionary Society holds the first Christian service in New Zealand on land, at Rangihoua
  • 1818 1st known Christmas carol ("Silent Night, Holy Night" - "Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht) sung (Austria)
  • 1818 Handel's Messiah, premieres in the US in Boston, performed by The Handel & Haydn Society
  • 1831 Louisiana & Arkansas are first states to observe Christmas as holiday
  • 1837 Battle of Okeechobee - US forces defeat Seminole Indians
  • 1843 1st theatre matinee (Olympic Theatre, NYC)
  • 1848 New Haven Railroad opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 Despite bitter opposition, US President Andrew Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1875 Lambs Club in New York forms
  • 1894 1st midwestern football team to play on west coast, University of Chicago defeats Stanford 24-4 at Palo Alto, CA in football
  • 1899 Shelling on besieged Ladysmith during the Boer War includes one shell containing a plum pudding
  • 1900 Arthur Schnitzler's "Leutnant Gustl" forbidden in Germany
  • 1901 Battle at Tweefontein: British force camped on a hill is surprised by a Boer attack at 2am

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Clyde Fitch' "Girl with Green Eyes" premieres in NYC

Playwright Clyde Fitch
Clyde Fitch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Pope Leo XIII, at his annual Christmas reception, endorses the Christian Democratic movement now emerging in Europe as an attempt to offer an alternative to more radical movements

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
  • 1911 Edward Knoblock's "Kismet" premieres in NYC
  • 1914 Legendary "Christmas Truce" takes place on the battlefields of WWI between British and German troops. Instead of fighting, soldiers exchange gifts and play football
  • 1917 "Why Marry" 1st drama to win Pulitzer Prize, premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 -Dec 26] Lenin dictates his "Political testament"

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1923 Imperial Theater opens at 249 W 45th St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Crown Prince Hirohito of Japan assumes the throne upon his father, Emperor Yoshihito's, death

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
  • 1928 NSW (v Vic) go from 8-74 to 9-113 to be 9-367 at stumps
  • 1929 Grimmett takes 6-146 for SA, Queensland all out 380 Crowd 5,390
  • 1930 Slinger Nitschke scores 142 SA v Qld at Adelaide before 5,422
  • 1930 Tasmania all out 280, WI 2-139 at Hobart Crowd 2,500
  • 1931 Albert Lonergan scores 137 SA v Qld at Adelaide before 5,697
  • 1931 Fleetwood-Smith takes 5-69 Victoria v Tas at Hobart
  • 1932 7.6 magnitude earthquake ravages Qansu, China, kills 275

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 During King George V's Christmas dinner speech his chair collapses

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1933 Another Christmas Day five-wicket haul by Clarrie Grimmett
  • 1933 Belgian Working people's party accept Henry de Mans Plan of Labor
  • 1933 Stan Smith takes 8-33 for Victoria v Tasmania at Hobart
  • 1934 Four centuries for SA as they make 7-644 v Qld before 6,180
  • 1934 Samson Raphaelson's "Accent on Youth" premieres in NYC
  • 1936 Belgian bishops condemn fascism & communism
  • 1936 Ron Hamence scores 104 for SA v Queensland before 4,865
  • 1937 Queensland all out for 93 v SA in front of 10,436
  • 1939 Grimmett & Ward rip through Qld except Bill Brown (156)
  • 1939 Montgomery Ward introduces Rudolph the 9th red-nosed reindeer
  • 1941 Japan announces surrender of British-Canadian garrison at Hong Kong
  • 1941 Japanese aircraft carriers Akagi/Kagu back in Kure, Japan
  • 1942 Admiral Dalans murderer of Bosinier de la Chapelle, sentenced to death
  • 1942 British Colonel S W Bailey reaches Mihailovics headquarter
  • 1942 Soviet artillery and tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad
  • 1946 Constitution accepted in Taiwan
  • 1947 Taiwan passes Human Rights laws (Day of Earth Law)
  • 1947 Constitution of the Republic of China comes into effect
  • 1950 Coronation Stone, taken from Scone in Scotland by Edward I in 1296, stolen from Westminster Abbey & smuggled back to Scotland
  • 1953 Avalanche of lava kills 150 from Ruapehu volcano in New Zealand
  • 1953 KNEV (95.5 The Vibe) radio broadcaster in Reno, Nevada begins broadcasting

MurderMurder of Interest

1957 Ed Gein found not guilty by reason of insanity for a series of murders

Murderer and Body Snatcher Ed Gein
Murderer and Body Snatcher
Ed Gein

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Richard Starkey (later better known as Ringo Starr) receives his first drum set

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • 1958 Alan Freed's Christmas Rock & Roll Spectacular opens

Birthdays in History

  • 1250 John IV Laskaris, Byzantine Emperor (d. circa 1305)
  • 1461 Christina of Saxony, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1521)
  • 1587 Margarita of Austria, queen of Philip III of Spain (d. 1611)
  • 1624 Angelus Silesius [Johann Scheffler], German mystic (St Seelenlust)
  • 1628 Noel Coypel, French painter

Person of interestIsaac Newton

1642 Isaac Newton, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (Gravity, Laws of Motion), born in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, England (d. 1727)

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1652 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (d. 1713)
  • 1667 Ehrengard von der Schulenburg, English royal mistress (d. 1743)
  • 1674 Thomas Halyburton, Scottish theologian (d. 1712)
  • 1698 Jacobus Houbraken, Dutch engraver/illustrator
  • 1700 Leopold II of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian general (d. 1758)
  • 1716 Johann Jakob Reiske, German scholar and physician (d. 1774)

Person of interestPius VI

1717 Pope Pius VI [Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi], Italian Pope (1775-99), born in Cesena, Emilia-Romagna, Papal States (d. 1799)

Pope Pius VI
Pius VI
  • 1721 William Collins, Chichester England, (Mayor-Chichester)/poet
  • 1730 Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and friend of Thomas Jefferson (d. 1816)
  • 1742 Charlotte von Stein, German friend of Goethe (d. 1827)
  • 1757 Benjamin Pierce, U.S. politician (d. 1839)
  • 1763 Claude Chappe, French engineer (optical telegraph)
  • 1771 Dorothy Wordsworth, English poet, diarist and sister of William Wordsworth, born in Cockermouth, Cumberland, England (d. 1855)
  • 1808 Stephen Cleeg Rowan, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1890)
  • 1810 Alexandros Rhizos Rhankaves, Greek poet and statesman (d. 1892)
  • 1811 Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German politician/bishop of Mainz
  • 1813 Milledge Luke Bonham, (Confederacy) (d. 1890)
  • 1814 Jan de Liefde II, Dutch vicar/founder (Coop of Welfare of the People)

Person of interestClara Barton

1821 Clara Barton, American nurse and founder of the American Red Cross, born in North Oxford, Massachusetts (d. 1912)

Pioneering Nurse and Humanitarian Clara Barton
Pioneering Nurse and Humanitarian
Clara Barton
  • 1823 Preston Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1832 Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish-American Major General (Union Army), born in County Cork, Republic of Ireland (d. 1865)
  • 1856 Hans von Bartels, German painter (d. 1913)
  • 1860 Manuel Dimech, Maltese philosopher and social reformer (d. 1921)
  • 1861 Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University (d. 1946)
  • 1865 Evangeline Cory Booth, Salvation Army general (1904-34)
  • 1867 Alfred Kerr [Kempner], German-British writer, born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1948)
  • 1870 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist (d. 1965)
  • 1873 Otto Frederick Hunziker, Swiss-born American dairy educator (d. 1959)
  • 1875 Theodor Innitzer, cardinal/archbishop Vienna

Person of interestMohammed Ali Jinnah

1876 Muhammad Ali Jinnah [Mahomedali Jinnahbhai], Founder of Pakistan who led the All-India Muslim League (1913-47) until he achieved his dream of Pakistan and became its 1st Governor-General (1947-48), born in Karachi, Bombay Presidency, British India (d. 1948)

Founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Founder of Pakistan
Mohammed Ali Jinnah
  • 1876 Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Nobel laureate (d. 1959)
  • 1883 Maurice Utrillo, French painter (Port St Martin, Montmartre)
  • 1887 Conrad Hilton, hotel mogul (Hilton Hotels)
  • 1890 Robert Ripley, collector of odd facts (Believe it or Not), born in Santa Rosa, California (d. 1949)
  • 1891 Kenneth A N Anderson, British general (Dunkerk, North Africa)
  • 1892 Rebecca West [Cicely Isabel Fairfield], English author (Meaning of Treason), born in London
  • 1898 Theo Swagemakers, Dutch portrait painter
  • 1899 Raphael Soyer, Russian-born american artist (Depression Scenes in NYC), born in Borisoglebsk, Tambov (d. 1987)
  • 1901 Alice C, English duchess of Gloucester/aunt of Elizabeth II
  • 1904 Gerhard Herzberg, Can, physicist (molecular structure-Nobel 1971)
  • 1906 Clark M Clifford, US Secretary of Defense (1968-69)
  • 1906 Herman J Scheltema [NEM Pareau], Dutch jurist/poet
  • 1906 William McChesney Martin, Chairman of Federal Reserve Bank (1951-70)
  • 1906 Ernst Ruska, Nobel laureate (d. 1988)
  • 1907 Glenn McCarthy, American oil tycoon and businessman (d. 1988)
  • 1908 Quentin Crisp, English author (d. 1999)
  • 1908 Zora Arkus-Duntov, Belgian-American automotive engineer (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Louis van Lint, Belgian painter (post-war abstraction), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1911 Louise Bourgeois, French American artist (Femme Maison), born in Paris, France (d, 2010)
  • 1912 Herman W Filarski, Dutch bridge journalist
  • 1912 Willian Noel Moffet, architect
  • 1913 Henri Nannen, journalist
  • 1914 James Fletcher Jr, New Zealand industrialist (Fletcher Construction), born in Dunedin, New Zealand (d. 2007)

Person of interestAnwar Sadat

1918 Anwar Sadat, 3rd President of Egypt (1970-81, Nobel 1978), born in Monufia, Egypt (d. 1981)

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1918 Ahmed Ben Bella, Algerian politician, first President of Algeria (1963-65), born in Maghnia, Algeria (d. 2012)
  • 1919 Paul David, French Canadian cardiologist, founder of the Montreal Heart Institute (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Henry Charnock, oceanographer
  • 1921 Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah, Pakistani journalist (d. 2000)

Person of interestAtal Bihari Vajpayee

1924 Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Indian politician, 10th Prime Minister of India (1996, 1998-2004), born in Gwalior, India (d. 2018)

10th Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
10th Indian Prime Minister
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  • 1924 Henry Sy Sr., Chinese Malay businessman 'Philippines Retail King', born in Amoy, China
  • 1925 Christmas F Tinto, South African ANC'er/UDF-leader
  • 1925 Carlos Castaneda, Peruvian-born American author and mystic (Eagle's Gift, Fire From Within), born in Cajamarca (d. 1998)
  • 1930 Salah Jaheen, Egyptian poet and cartoonist, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1986)
  • 1931 Uzo Egonu, painter/print maker
  • 1932 Jose Maria Capricorne, Curacaos graphically designer/painter
  • 1934 Bob Martinez, (Gov-Fl)
  • 1935 Sadiq al-Mahdi, Sudanese politician and Imam, Prime Minister of Sudan (1966-67, 1986-89), born in Omdurman, Sudan (d. 2020)
  • 1936 Alexandra HEOC, English princess/daughter of Sir Angus Ogilvy
  • 1937 Noel Furlong, Irish businessman and poker player (World Series of Poker main event 1999), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 2021)
  • 1938 Duane Armstrong, American painter (Fields of Grass), born in Fresno, California
  • 1939 Christopher Wates, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • 1940 Frans Moor, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1941 Lex Hixon, religious teacher/author
  • 1942 Mani Kaul, director (Idiot, Nazar, Dhrupad, Duvidha)
  • 1943 Ravish Malhotra, India cosmonaut (Soyuz T-11 backup)
  • 1945 Mike Pringle, Scottish politician
  • 1948 Alia al Hussein, of Jordan (d. 1977)

Person of interestNawaz Sharif

1949 Nawaz Sharif, Pakistani politician, Prime Minister (1990-93, 1997-99, 2013-17), born in Lahore, Pakistan

Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif
Prime Minister of Pakistan
Nawaz Sharif
  • 1950 Karl Rove, former American presidential advisor
  • 1954 Annie Lennox, Scottish vocalist (Eurythmics - "Sweet Dreams"; solo - "Why"), born in Aberdeen, Scotland

Person of interestJoaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán

1954 Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán, Mexican drug lord and escape artist, born in La Tuna, Sinaloa, Mexico (or April 4th, 1957)

  • 1959 Michael P Anderson, Plattsburgh NY, major USAF/astronaut (STS 89)
  • 1961 Ingrid Betancourt, Colombian senator
  • 1969 Bernhard Jr., Prince of Netherlands, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands
Prime Minister of Canada Justin Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Justin Trudeau
  • 1973 Alexandre Trudeau, Canadian journalist, born in Ottawa, Canada
  • 1975 Rob Mariano, American reality show contestant, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1975 Pardis Sabeti, Iranian-American biologist and geneticist, born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1976 Armin van Buuren, Dutch DJ & producer, born in Leiden, Netherlands

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1871 Inventor Thomas Edison (24) marries 1st wife Mary Stilwell (16)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison

LoveWedding of Interest

1871 Writer Ambrose Bierce (29) weds Mary Ellen Day

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce
  • 1950 Dick Tracy marries Tess Truehart
  • 2012 Marie Osmond's daughter Rachael Osmond (23) weds Gabriel Krueger (22) in Park City, Utah

Deaths in History

  • 795 Adrian I, Italian Pope (772-95), dies at 95
  • 820 Leo V, the Armenian, Byzantine general and Emperor (813-20), murdered in the Hagia Sophia at about 65
  • 1156 Peter the Venerable, French theologist, 9th abbot of Cluny, dies at about 61
  • 1249 Peter Nolascus, Spanish monastery founder/St, dies
  • 1406 Henry III, King of Castile and León (1390-1406), dies at 27
  • 1513 Johannes Amerbach, Swiss publisher/printer, dies at about 70

Person of interestSamuel de Champlain

1635 Samuel de Champlain, French explorer and founder of Quebec City, dies of a stroke at 61

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1676 Matthew Hale, Lord Chief Justice of England (b. 1609)
  • 1676 William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle, English aristocrat and Royalist general in the English Civil War, dies at 83
  • 1683 Kara Mustafa Pasha Turkish grand-vizier (1676-83) and Ottoman general, executed. (b. 1634)
  • 1758 James Hervey, English clergyman (b. 1714)
  • 1765 Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist, dies at 67
  • 1784 Yosa Buson, Japanese painter (b. 1716)
  • 1824 Barbara Juliane, baroness von Krüdener, Baltic German religious mystic, author, and Pietist Lutheran theologian, dies at 60
  • 1868 Linus Yale Jr., American portrait painter and inventor (Yale cylinder lock), dies at 47
  • 1878 Anna Claypoole Peale, American painter of miniatures, dies at 87
  • 1880 Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss Federal Councillor, dies at 52
  • 1895 Raul Pompeia, Brazilian writer (O Ateneu), dies at 32
  • 1916 Albert Chmielowski, Polish Catholic Saint, dies at 71
  • 1925 Sergei Yesenin, Russian lyric poet, dies at 30
  • 1925 Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst, dies at 48
  • 1926 Yoshihito [Taishō], 123rd Emperor of Japan (1912-26), dies at 47
  • 1927 Sergei D Sazonov, Russian Foreign minister (1910-16), dies at 66
  • 1933 Francesc Macià, Catalonian statesman (b. 1859)
  • 1935 Paul Bourget, French novelist and critic, dies at 83
  • 1938 Karel Čapek, Czech author, playwright and critic (R.U.R.), coined term "robot", dies of pneumonia at 48
  • 1947 Gaspar G. Bacon, was Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1886)
  • 1950 Xavier Villaurrutia, Mexican poet (Nostalgia de la muerte), dies at 47
  • 1950 Neil Francis Hawkins, British fascist (b. 1903)
  • 1951 Harry T Moore, Florida NAACP official, killed by bomb
  • 1953 Lee Shubert, American theatre producer (theatres in NY & LA named after him), dies at about 80
  • 1954 Liberty Hyde Bailey, US botanist (Plantbreeding), dies at 96
  • 1956 Robert Walser, Swiss writer, dies at 78
  • 1957 Frederick Law Olmsted Jr, US landscape architect and advocate for wildlife conservation, dies at 87
  • 1961 Rheinhold Rudenberg, inventor of electron microscope, dies
  • 1961 Otto Loewi, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • 1961 Owen Brewster, U.S. Senator from Maine (b. 1888)
  • 1963 Tristan Tzara [Samuel Rosenfeld] Romanian-French poet (Approximate Man), dies at 67
  • 1972 C. Rajagopalachari, India's freedom fighter and the first Governor General of independent India, dies at 94
  • 1973 İsmet İnönü, Turkish statesman (b. 1884)
  • 1973 Gabriel Voisin, French aviation pioneer (b. 1880)
  • 1975 Gaston Gallimard, French publisher (Library Gallimard), dies at 94
  • 1979 Jordi Bonet, Quebec muralist and sculptor (b. 1932)
  • 1983 Joan Miro, Spanish painter and sculptor, dies at his home in Majorca at 90
  • 1988 Ooka Shohei, Japanese novelist (b. 1909)
  • 1988 Edward Pelham-Clinton, 10th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne (b. 1920)
  • 1989 Barrel Regtien, student leader, dies
  • 1989 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae, executed at 73
Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1989 Ton Regtien, Dutch student leader, dies at 51
  • 1990 Marguerite N Wittenberg, entertainer, dies of cancer at 77
  • 1991 Sal Provenza, entertainer, dies of lymphoma at 45
  • 1992 Richard H Ichord, US leader of House Un-American Activities Committee, dies at 66
  • 1992 Garrison H Davidson, US lt-gen commandant (West Point), dies
  • 1992 Helen Joseph, South African anti-apartheid activist, dies at 87
  • 1992 Monica Dickens, English/American journalist/author, dies at 77
  • 1993 Pierre Victor Auger, French physicist (b. 1899)
  • 1994 Pierre Dreyfus, French director of Renault (1955-75), dies at 87
  • 1994 Zail Singh, Indian politician, (7th President of India 1982-87), dies of injuries from a motor accident at 78
  • 1995 Emmanuel Levinas, philosopher, dies at 89
  • 1996 Rupert John, gov-gen of Grenadines (1970-76), dies
  • 1997 Anatoli Boukreev, mountaineer, dies at 39
  • 1997 Laurence Gower, academic, dies at 84
  • 1998 Hugh Martell, British Vice Admiral, dies at 86
  • 2000 Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher and logician in the analytic tradition, dies at 92
  • 2003 Nicholas Mavroules, American politician (Rep-D-MA, 1979-93), dies at 74
  • 2004 Gennadi Strekalov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-3, T-8, T-11, TM-21), dies at 64
  • 2005 Robert Barbers, Philippine senator (b. 1944)
  • 2006 Hiroaki Hidaka, Japanese serial killer (b. 1962)
  • 2010 Carlos Andrés Pérez, President of Venezuela (1974-79, 89-94), dies at 88
  • 2012 Frank Calabrese Sr [Frankie Breeze], American mafia hitman, dies at 75
  • 2014 Gleb Yakunin, Russian priest and dissident, dies at 80
  • 2014 Mary Lyon, English geneticist (X-chromosome inactivation), dies at 89
  • 2018 Nancy Roman, American, NASA's first chief of astronomy 'Mother of the Hubble', dies at 93