On This Day in History for December 26

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 110

  • 268 Pope St Dionysius dies
  • 418 Pope Zosimus (417-18) dies
  • 795 St Leo III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1198 French bishop Odo van Sully condemns Zottenfeest
  • 1481 Battle at Westbroek: Dutch army beats Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 1st Spanish settlement La Navidad (modern Môle-Saint-Nicolas) in the New World is founded by Christopher Columbus

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1568 Uprising of Morisco's against suppression in Granada

MurderMurder of Interest

1620 Hungarian Countess Elizabeth Báthory's crimes and serial murders are uncovered

Most Prolific Female Serial Killer in History Elizabeth Báthory
Most Prolific Female Serial Killer in History
Elizabeth Báthory
  • 1659 Long Parliament reforms in Westminster
  • 1748 France & Austria sign treaty about Southern Netherlands
  • 1773 Expulsion of tea ships from Philadelphia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1776 George Washington defeats Hessians at Battle of Trenton in American Revolutionary War

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792 Trial of French King Louis XVI, court hears the kings defense brought by Raymond Desèze

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1793 Battle of Geisberg: French defeat Austrians.
  • 1799 George Washington is eulogized by Colonel Henry Lee as "1st in war, 1st in peace & 1st in hearts of his countrymen"
  • 1805 France & Austria signs Peace of Pressburg
  • 1805 Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts established, Philadelphia
  • 1809 British invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
  • 1811 A theater fire in Richmond, Virginia kills the Governor of Virginia George William Smith and the president of the First National Bank of Virginia Abraham B. Venable.
  • 1813 Zamose, Modlin, Torgau surrenders to allied armies
  • 1825 Decembrist uprising in Russia against Tsar Nicholas I begins [O.S. 14 December]
  • 1848 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to San Francisco
  • 1848 William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
  • 1848 The Phi Delta Theta fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
  • 1854 Wood-pulp paper 1st exhibited, Buffalo
  • 1860 Maiden voyage of 1st steamship owned by 1 man (C Vanderbilt)
  • 1860 Major Robert Anderson, under cover of darkness, concentrates his small force at Ft Sumter
  • 1860 First ever inter-club football match between Hallam F.C. and Sheffield F.C. at Sandygate Road ground in Sheffield, England
  • 1862 -Dec 28th) Battle of Dumfries, Virginia
  • 1862 1st US navy hospital ship enters service
  • 1862 38 Santee Sioux Indians hanged in Mankato Minnesota, due to their uprising
  • 1865 James H Mason (Mass) patents 1st US coffee percolator
  • 1870 The 12.8-km long Fréjus Rail Tunnel through the Alps is completed.
  • 1872 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18")
  • 1877 Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st national convention
  • 1878 1st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia
  • 1879 Johannes Brahms' "Tragic Ouverture" premieres
  • 1883 The Harbour Grace Affray between Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen causes five deaths in Newfoundland.
  • 1890 King Mwanga of Uganda signs contract with East Africa Company
  • 1899 Mafeking: Bathe-Powells failed assault up fort Game Tree: 24 killed
  • 1902 Most knock downs in a fight, Oscar Nelson (5) & Christy Williams (42)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 Ambrose Bierce’s last known communication, a letter to his close friend Blanche Partington

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce
  • 1914 US Government protests British interference with American merchant ships at sea, on the same day Germans announce they will treat food as contraband, subject to seizure; weakens America's protest
  • 1916 Joseph Joffre becomes marshal of France
  • 1917 US Federal government took over operation of American railroads for duration of WW I
  • 1918 After spending Christmas with American troops in France, Wilson goes to London for preliminary discussions about the forthcoming peace conference
  • 1925 1st East West football game at Ewing Park before 25,000 fans
  • 1925 Turkey adopts Gregorian calendar
  • 1925 The Communist Party of India is founded
  • 1928 World record 10th wicket stand 307 (Kippax / Hooker) NSW v Vic
  • 1931 George and Ira Gershwin's "Of Thee I Sing," premieres in New York City

  • 1933 US forswears armed intervention in Western Hemisphere
  • 1933 FM radio patent granted to American engineer Edwin Howard Armstrong
  • 1939 Earthquake in East Anatolia Turkey
  • 1939 Mine strikes in Borinage Brussels
  • 1940 JA Fields/J Chodorov's "My Sister Eileen," premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Winston Churchill becomes first British Prime Minister to address a joint meeting of the US Congress, warning that Axis would "stop at nothing"

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1943 British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg vain with bomb to Hitlers headquarter

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1944 Battle of Bastogne: US General Patton's 3rd Army repulses Germans

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1944 Budapest surrounded by Soviet army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Tennessee Williams' play "Glass Menagerie" premieres in Chicago

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1945 CFP franc and CFA franc created
  • 1946 Flamingo Hotel in Las Vegas opens (start of an era)
  • 1947 British transfer Heard & McDonald Islands (Indian Ocean) to Australia
  • 1947 Heavy snow blankets Northeast, buries NYC under 25.8" of snow in 16 hrs That same day, LA set a record high of 84°F
  • 1948 Hungarian cardinal József Mindszenty arrested
  • 1954 "The Shadow" airs for last time on radio
  • 1955 RKO is 1st to announce sale of its film library to TV
  • 1963 US furnishes cereal to USSR
  • 1964 Moors Murderers Ian Brady and Myra Hindley claim last victim
  • 1965 "Funny Girl" with Barbra Streisand closes on Broadway
  • 1966 Maulana Karenga establishes Kwanzaa (1st fruits of harvest) holiday
  • 1967 Dave Brubeck Quartet formally disbands
  • 1968 Arab terrorists in Athens fire on El Al plane, kills 1
  • 1968 Jay Allens "Forty Carats" premieres in NYC
  • 1973 2 Skylab 3 astronauts walk in space for a record 7 hours
  • 1973 Soyuz 13 returns to Earth
  • 1975 1st supersonic transport service (USSR-Tupolev-144)
  • 1976 The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) is founded.
  • 1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 India's former Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi is released from jail

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1979 Soviet Special forces take over presidential palace in Kabul, Afghanistan.
  • 1980 Aeroflot puts the Ilyushin Il-86 into service.
  • 1982 TIME's Man of the Year is a computer
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1986 Captured Iraqi Airways Boeing-737 in Saudi Arabia, about 60 killed
  • 1986 TV soap "Search for Tomorrow" ends 35 year run
  • 1988 Anti African student rebellion in Nanjing, China
  • 1990 Garry Kasparov beats Antatoly Karpov to retain chess championship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Jack Ruby's gun sells for $220,000 in auction

Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald Jack Ruby
Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald
Jack Ruby
  • 1991 Militant Sikhs kill 55 & wound 70 in India
  • 1992 NY Jet announcer Marty Glickman retires at 75
  • 1993 Antonov-26 crashes at Gyumri, Armenia, 36 killed
  • 1994 French commandos terminate Air France hijacking in Marseille
  • 1995 Muttiah Muralitharan no-balled for throwing (SL v Aust, MCG)
  • 1996 Start of the largest strike in South Korean history.
  • 1996 The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification goes into force
  • 1997 The Soufriere Hills volcano on the island of Montserrat explodes, creating a small tsunami offshore.

Birthdays in History

  • 1194 Frederick II, Iesi Italy, Holy Roman Emperor, King of the Romans (Germany), Sicily and Jerusalem
  • 1532 Guilielmus Xylander, German classical scholar (d. 1576)
  • 1536 Yi I, Korean Confucian scholar (d. 1584)
  • 1618 Elisabeth, Paltsgravin of Rhine/abbess
  • 1633 Charles E Biset, Flemish painter, baptised
  • 1646 Robert Bolling, English settler in Virginia (d. 1709)
  • 1660 Peter Schenck, German/Neth engraver/publisher, baptised
  • 1666 Guru Gobind Singh, Tenth Guru of Sikhism, founder and General of Khalsa Army, social reformist and poet(d. 1708)
  • 1716 Thomas Gray, English poet (Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard)
  • 1716 Jean François de Saint-Lambert, French poet (d. 1803)
  • 1723 Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (d. 1807)
  • 1731 Anthony Ziesenis, architect/sculptor (Town Hall of Westzaan)
  • 1737 Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (d. 1815)
  • 1738 Thomas Nelson, merchant, signer of Declaration of Independence
  • 1751 Clement Hofbauer, Austrian missionary and saint (d. 1820)
  • 1770 Pierre earl de Cambronne, French general (Waterloo, Elba)
  • 1771 Heinrich J von Collin, Austria dramatist/poet (Regulus)
  • 1771 Julie Clary, queen consort of Naples (d. 1845)
  • 1778 Juan Lovera, Venezuela, artist
  • 1780 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British mathematician (d. 1872)
  • 1782 Filaret Drozdov, Metropolitan of Moscow (d. 1867)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1791 Charles Babbage, British inventor (calculating machine), born in London, England (d. 1871)

Inventor Charles Babbage
Inventor
Charles Babbage
  • 1809 William Nelson Pendleton, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1883)
  • 1815 Israel Bush Richardson, American Major General (Union Army), born in Fairfax, Vermont (d. 1862)
  • 1819 E. D. E. N. Southworth, American novelist (d. 1899)
  • 1820 Gustavus Adolphus Smith, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania(d. 1885)
  • 1824 Augustus Louis Chetlain, American Major General (Union Army), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1914)
  • 1826 Martinus Nijhoff, founder Nijhoff's book/publisher (Van Dale)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1837 George Dewey, American admiral, naval hero in Battle of Manila Bay, born in Montpelier, Vermont (d. 1917)

Admiral George Dewey
Admiral
George Dewey
  • 1853 René Bazin, French novelist (d. 1932)
  • 1859 Johan F van Bemmelen, Dutch zoologist
  • 1859 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (d. 1944)
  • 1861 Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory)
  • 1862 Alexander V Amfiteatrov, Russian/French/Italian writer [NS]
  • 1872 Norman Angell, British politician/cowboy/journalist, Nobel laureate (1933), (d. 1967)
  • 1878 Isaiah Bowman, American geography/co-founder (Geographical Review)
  • 1883 Carl Oscar Ahues, German International Chess Master (1950)
  • 1883 Frank Debenham, Australian geographer/geologist
  • 1887 Arthur Ernest Percival, British Army officer (d. 1966)
  • 1890 Uncle Charlie Osborne, American fiddler (d. 1992)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891 Henry Miller, American author (Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Sexus), born in Manhattan, New York, (d. 1980)

Author Henry Miller
Author
Henry Miller

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1893 Mao Zedong, Chinese revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party of China (1949-76), born in Shaoshan, Hunan (d. 1976)

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1894 Jean Toomer, American writer (d. 1967)
  • 1897 Willie Corsari, [Wilhelmina A Schmidt], Dutch writer
  • 1902 Anatoli Lvovich Kaplan, Russian painter (d. 1980)
  • 1904 Alenjo Carpentier, Cuban/French writer (Guerra del Tiempo)
  • 1910 Lucy Faithfull, children's campaigner
  • 1911 Steve Kordek, pinball machine designer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • 1915 Hans [Henri A] Gomperts, Dutch literature (Duck on Attic)
  • 1917 Rosemary Woods, Nixon's secretary, keep her away from your tapes
  • 1918 George Rallis, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2006)
  • 1921 John Severin, Jersey City, New Jersey, comic book artist (Hulk, Mad Magazine), (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Baron Baker, Jamaician-born British activist, born in Port Antonia
  • 1926 Edgar D Ngoyi, South African ANC leader (17 yrs in Robbeneiland Jail)
  • 1926 Geoffrey Howe, British politician (Chancellor and Foreign Secretary under Thatcher), born in Aberavon, Glamorganshire (d. 2015)
  • 1932 Walter Leblanc, Belgian painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1935 Gnassingbé Eyadéma, General and President of Togo (1967-2005), born in Kozah, Togo (d. 2005)

General and President of Togo Gnassingbé Eyadéma
General and President of Togo
Gnassingbé Eyadéma
  • 1936 Kitty Dukakis, substance abuser/wife of Michael (Gov-Mass)
  • 1937 John Horton Conway, British mathematician
  • 1937 Jay Heimowitz, American poker player
  • 1939 Lynn Martin, US secretary of Labor (1991-93)
  • 1940 Harmen Siezen, Dutch TV-journal host
  • 1940 Edward C. Prescott, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 Vinicio Cerezo, President of Guatemala (1986-91), born in Guatemala City
  • 1942 Gray Davis, former Governor of California
  • 1946 Gordon Edwards, rocker
  • 1947 James T. Conway, 34th Commandant of the United States Marine Corps
  • 1949 José Ramos-Horta, President of East Timor, Nobel laureate
  • 1951 Richard Skinner, British DJ
  • 1953 Valeri Yuriyevich Sharov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1953 Leonel Fernández, Dominican politician and current President of the Dominican Republic
  • 1955 Evan Bayh, American politician
  • 1956 Gail Tatterson, WBL center (NY Stars)
  • 1956 Karen Smith, WBL forward (NY Stars)
  • 1956 David Sedaris, American essayist
  • 1958 Adrian Newey, British engineer
  • 1960 Jim Toomey, American syndicated cartoonist
  • 1964 Elizabeth Kostova, American author
  • 1972 Robert Muchamore, English children's author
  • 1982 Kenneth Darby, American National Football League player

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1983 Alexander Wang, American fashion designer (Balenciaga), born in San Francisco, California

Fashion Designer Alexander Wang
Fashion Designer
Alexander Wang
  • 1984 Alex Schwazer, Italian race walker
  • 1985 Yuu Shirota, Japanese Idol
  • 1987 Adam Walker, British flautist

Weddings in History

  • 1613 Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, marries Frances Howard, occasioning John Donne's "Eclogue"
  • 1793 The wedding of Prince Friedrich Ludwig of Prussia and Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz takes place.

HeartWedding of Interest

1843 US Navy flag officer David Farragut (42) weds Virginia Loyall

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1931 SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich marries Lina von Osten

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich

HeartWedding of Interest

1947 President of Indonesia Suharto (26) weds Siti Hartinah (24) in Surakarta at a traditional Javanese ceremony

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia
Suharto
  • 1994 President Clinton's brother Roger Clinton (37) weds 8-mo pregnant Molly Nartin (25)

HeartWedding of Interest

2001 "Harry Potter" author J. K. Rowling (36) weds anesthesiologist Neil Murray (30) in Aberfeldy, Scotland

Novelist J. K. Rowling
Novelist
J. K. Rowling

Deaths in History

  • 1350 Jean de Marigny, French bishop
  • 1458 Arthur III, Duke of Brittany, dies at 65
  • 1476 Galeazzo Maria Sforza, duke of Milan, murdered
  • 1530 Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur, founder of the Mughal dynasty in the Indian Subcontinent, dies at 47
  • 1574 Charles Guise, archbishop/cardinal of Reims, dies at 50
  • 1624 Simon Marius, astronomer, dies in Bavaria at 54
  • 1627 Gonzaga, Italian monarch of Mantua/Monferrato, dies
  • 1658 Simon Guillain, French sculptor (Castle of Blois/Sorbonne), dies at 78
  • 1676 Domenicus van Tol, Dutch painter, dies
  • 1679 John van de Cappelle, Amsterdam landscape painter, dies at 53
  • 1731 Antoine Houdar de la Motte, French writer (b. 1672)
  • 1740 Mauritius Louis II earl of Nassau, lt-gen (12 children), dies
  • 1771 Claude Adrien Helvétius, French philosopher (b. 1715)
  • 1776 Johann Gottlieb Rall, Hessian colonel/mercenary, dies in battle in American Revolutionary War
  • 1780 John Fothergill, English physician (b. 1712)
  • 1784 Seth Warner, American revolutionary leader (b. 1743)
  • 1784 Otto Friedrich Müller, Danish Naturalist who was a pioneer in the study of microorganisms, dies at 54
  • 1786 Gasparo Gozzi, Italian critic and dramatist (b. 1713)
  • 1797 John Wilkes, English radical, journalist (The North Briton) and politician, dies at 72
  • 1837 Martinus van Marum, chemist/physicist (giant salamander), dies at 87
  • 1861 Philip St George Cocke, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), commits suicide at 52
  • 1866 Samuel Ryan Curtis, Union general-major, dies at 49
  • 1869 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), dies at 72
  • 1890 Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist (rediscovered Troy), dies at 86
  • 1893 Victor Schoelcher, French writer (abolitionism), dies at 89
  • 1909 Frederic Remington, American artist (b. 1861)
  • 1917 Louise J Gautier, French poetess/daughter of Theophile G, dies at 71
  • 1923 Dietrich Eckart, German Nazi politician (b. 1868)
  • 1931 Melvil Dewey, inventor of the Dewey decimal classification (b. 1851)
  • 1933 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, dies at 58
  • 1942 Bosinier de la Chapelle, Fren murderer of adm Darlan, executed at 24
  • 1950 James Stephens, Irish poet (Crock of Gold), dies at 68
  • 1952 Pietro Pancrazi, Italian critic (Pegaso), dies at 59
  • 1960 Eduard Ludwig, German architect (Hansa quarter, Berlin), dies at 54
  • 1960 Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (b. 1889)
  • 1965 Anthonie Donker, Dutch [Prof N Donkersloot], literary, dies at 63
  • 1966 Klaziena "Ina" Boudier-Bakker, Dutch author (Poverty), dies at 91
  • 1969 Louise L de Vilmorin, French poet/author (History d'aimer), dies at 67

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1972 Harry Truman, 33rd US President (1945-53), dies in KC Mo at 88

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1973 Harold B Lee, US head of Mormon Church, dies at 74
  • 1976 Philip A Heart, (Sen-D-Mich), dies at 64
  • 1980 Tony Smith, American sculptor (b. 1912)
  • 1981 Amber Reeves, feminist writer (b. 1887)
  • 1988 Glenn McCarthy, American oil tycoon and businessman (b. 1907)
  • 1990 Nancy Cruznan, accident victim/right-to-die case, dies at 33
  • 1991 Sam Cresson, dies at 73
  • 1992 Bert [Lambertus H] Voeten, Dutch poet (Antipodes), dies at 74
  • 1992 John G Kemeny, US computer pioneer (BASIC), dies
  • 1994 Asta ER Elstak, Suriname/Neth welfare worker, dies at 74
  • 1994 Johannes J "Joop" Klant, Neth/South African economist/author, dies
  • 1994 Karl Schiller, minister of RFA Economics (1966-72), dies
  • 1997 John Hinde, photographer/circus promoter, dies at 81
  • 1997 John Whitley, air-Marshal, dies at 92
  • 1997 Cornelius Castoriadis, Greek philosopher and economist, dies at 75
  • 1999 Shankar Dayal Sharma, Indian politician, ninth President of India (1992-97), dies at 81
  • 2002 Herb Ritts, American photographer (b. 1952)
  • 2002 Armand Zildjian, American cymbal manufacturer (b. 1921)
  • 2004 Sir Angus Ogilvy, British businessman, husband of Princess Alexandra of Kent (b. 1928)
  • 2004 Marianne Heiberg, Norwegian mediator (b. 1945)
  • 2004 Jonathan Drummond-Webb, South African pediatric heart surgeon (b. 1959)
  • 2004 Troy Broadbridge, Australian rules footballer, in 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake (b. 1980)
  • 2005 Erich Topp, German submarine commander (b. 1914)
  • 2005 Kerry Packer, Australian businessman (b. 1937)
  • 2006 Ivar Formo, Norwegian skier (b. 1951)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2006 Gerald Ford [Leslie King], 38th US President (R: 1974-77) and 41st US Vice President (R: 1973-74), dies at 93

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 2007 John A. Garraty, American biographer (b. 1920)
  • 2010 Edward Bhengu, South African activist (b. 1934)
  • 2014 Leo Tindemans, Belgian statesman, Prime Minister of Belgium (1974-78), dies at 92