On This Day

On This Day in History for December 28

Events in History

  • 418 St Boniface I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 801 Louis the Vrome occupies Barcelona

EnglandWestminster Abbey Consecrated

1065 Westminster Abbey in London consecrated

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Edward the Confessor depicted during the construction of Westminster Abbey
Edward the Confessor depicted during the construction of Westminster Abbey
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  • 1308 The reign of Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Japan, begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1612 First observation of Neptune - Galileo observes and records a "fixed star" without realising it is a planet

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1614 Sperm whale beached at Noordwijk
  • 1732 1st known ad for "Poor Richard's Almanack" (Pennsylvania Gazette)
  • 1767 King Taksin crowned King of Thailand and establishes Thonburi as his capital

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1781 Comte de Rochambeau and Nicolas Luckner are the last generals to be made Marshal of France by Louis XVI before the Revolution

Military Leader Comte de Rochambeau
Military Leader
Comte de Rochambeau
King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1816 American Colonization Society organizes
  • 1828 6.8 earthquake strikes Echigo Japan, 30,000 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832 John C. Calhoun becomes 1st VP to resign (differences with President Jackson)

US Vice President John C. Calhoun
US Vice President
John C. Calhoun
  • 1836 Spain recognizes the independence of Mexico
  • 1836 Proclamation of South Australia as a British Province. Formal proclamation was read out in what is now the Adelaide suburb of Glenelg North by Captain (later Rear Admiral, Governor, Sir) John Hindmarsh
  • 1836 The colony of Adelaide, South Australia is formally proclaimed
  • 1846 Iowa becomes 29th state of the United States of America
  • 1849 M Jolly-Bellin discovers dry-cleaning, he accidentally upset lamp containing turpentine & oil on his clothing & sees cleaning effect
  • 1850 Rangoon, Burma, destroyed by fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860 Harriet Tubman arrives in Auburn, New York, on her last mission to free slaves, having evaded capture for 8 years on the Underground Railroad

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
  • 1864 Battle of Egypt Station, Mississippi
  • 1867 United States claims Midway Island, the first territory annexed outside Continental limits.
  • 1869 William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum
  • 1877 John Stevens, applies for a patent for his flour rolling mill

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1878 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
  • 1879 North British Railway's train falls as Tay bridge collapses (Scotland)
  • 1893 French lieutenant Boiteux annexes Tumbuktu
  • 1897 Edmond Rostand's "Cyrano de Bergerac" premieres in Paris
  • 1902 1st indoor pro football game, Syracuse beats Philadelphia 6-0 (Madison Square Garden, NYC)
  • 1902 Trans-Pacific cable links Hawaii to US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 Clyde Fitch's "Glad of It" premieres in NYC

Playwright Clyde Fitch
Clyde Fitch
  • 1904 1st daily wireless weather forecasts published (London)
  • 1905 NSW all out for 805 vs Victoria, win by innings & 253
  • 1906 Ecuador adopts its second liberal constitution
  • 1908 Earthquake strikes Messina, Italy, killing nearly 80,000
  • 1912 National Council of Young Israel convenes
  • 1912 1st municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco, California as SF Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary St (MUNI)
  • 1914 Turks are repulsed by the Russians after fighting in Armenia for weeks
  • 1915 San Francisco City Hall dedicated by Mayor James Rolph
  • 1915 Today the British Cabinet recognizes the true nature of the war by deciding to institute compulsory military service, with single men to be conscripted before married ones
  • 1921 The beginning of the Rand Rebellion in Southern Africa; the rebellion started as a strike by white mineworkers on and became an open armed rebellion against the state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 George Bernard Shaw's "St Joan" premieres in NYC

  • 1926 Arthur Mailey takes 4-362 off 64 overs (no maidens) NSW v Vic
  • 1926 Imperial Airways begins England-India mail & passenger service
  • 1926 Ponsford scores 352 & Ryder 295 against NSW
  • 1926 Victoria all out for 1107 against NSW at the MCG Crowd 22,348

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 George Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Royal Family" premieres in NYC

Playwright Moss Hart
Moss Hart

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Lin-Sen succeeds Chiang Kai-shek as President of Nanjing-China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1935 W P A Federal Art Project Gallery opens in NYC
  • 1935 Pravda publishes a letter by Pavel Postyshev, who revives New Year tree tradition in the Soviet Union
  • 1937 Fascist Octavian Goga becomes Prime Minister of Romania
  • 1941 State of siege goes into effect in Bohemia and Moravia
  • 1942 Oberkommando Wehrmacht orders strategist flight out of Kaukasus
  • 1942 Robert Sullivan becomes 1st pilot to fly Atlantic 100 times
  • 1943 All Kalmyk inhabitants of the Republic of Kalmukkie deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia and Siberia. Many die en route.

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1944 Eisenhower & Montgomery meet in Hasselt, Belgium

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 Congress officially recognizes "Pledge of Allegiance"
  • 1948 IDF crosses Egyptian border
  • 1948 Middel-Java as a whole in Dutch hands
  • 1948 US announced a study to launch an Earth satellite
  • 1948 The DC-3 airliner NC16002 disappears 50 miles south of Miami, Florida.
  • 1950 Chinese troops cross 38th Parallel, into South Korea
  • 1950 The Peak District becomes the United Kingdom's 1st National Park
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Tennessee Williams' "Night of the Iguana" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • 1962 UN troops occupies Elizabethstad Katanga
  • 1966 13 die in a train crash in Everett, Massachusetts
  • 1966 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1967 Muriel Siebert is 1st woman to own a seat on New York Stock Exchange
  • 1968 Israeli assault on Beirut Airport

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Neil Simon's "Last of the Red Hot Lovers" premieres in NYC

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 Dallas Cowboy kicker Mike Clark, attempting an on-side kick against Cleveland, missed the ball
  • 1970 Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) adopts constitution
  • 1971 Hashish now falls under the Dutch Opium Law (Opiumwet)
  • 1972 Kim Il-song becomes president of North Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Martin Bormann's skeleton is found in Berlin (Hitlers deputy)

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1972 2 people are killed in a Loyalist bomb attack on the village of Belturbet, County Cavan, Republic of Ireland
  • 1973 US President Nixon signs Endangered Species Act into law
  • 1973 Akron Ohio's Chamber of Commerce terminates itself from Soap Box Derby

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1973 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn publishes "Gulag Archipelago" - a literary investigation of the police-state system in the Soviet Union

Writer and Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Writer and Nobel Laureate
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • 1973 Comet Kohoutek at perihelion
  • 1974 6.3 earthquake strikes Pakistan: 5200 killed
  • 1974 Senegalese marxist group Reenu-Rew founds the political movement And-Jëf at a clandestine congress.
  • 1975 Earthquake in Pakistan, 4,000 die
  • 1976 Genie Francis joins "General Hospital" as Laura Vining
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Winnie Mandela banished in South Africa

Anti-Apartheid Activist and Politician Winnie Mandela
Anti-Apartheid Activist and Politician
Winnie Mandela
  • 1980 Mexico terminated fishing agreements with US
  • 1981 Cleveland Metroparks Administrative offices move from downtown to Zoo (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1981 Warner-Elektra-Atlantic raises price of 45 records from $1.68 to $1.98
  • 1981 1st American test-tube baby, Elizabeth Jordan Carr is born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1983 US threatens to leave UNESCO after objecting to its domination by a coalition of third world and Soviet bloc nations
  • 1983 Warren Cromartie signs 3 year $2.5M contract with Yomiuri Giants
  • 1984 Creosote bush determined to be 11,700 years old

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1984 Rajiv Gandhi's Congress party wins the general election in India

Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
Indian Prime Minister
Rajiv Gandhi
  • 1984 TV soap "Edge of Night" ends 28 year run
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh, Semipalitinsk USSR

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1984 Ted Hughes is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Elizabeth II

Poet Ted Hughes
Ted Hughes
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Birthdays in History

  • 1164 Emperor Rokujō of Japan (d. 1176)
  • 1484 Joachim Vadianus [von Watt], Swiss physician/mayor of Sankt Gallen
  • 1522 Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands (d. 1583)
  • 1619 Antoine Furetière, French writer (d. 1688)
  • 1631 Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch seascape painter/cartoonist
  • 1635 Princess Elizabeth of England (d. 1650)
  • 1655 Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (d. 1698)
  • 1665 George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, British general (d. 1716)
  • 1763 John Molson, founded Montreal brewery (Molsons)
  • 1778 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (d. 1846)
  • 1787 Hermanus J Abbring, Dutch writer/engineer on Curacao
  • 1801 James Barnes, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1869)
  • 1822 William Booth Taliaferro, Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Gloucester County, Virginia (d. 1898)
  • 1823 Thomas Alexander Scott, American businessman and Assistant Secretary of War (Civil War), born in Peters Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1881)
  • 1826 Conrad Busken Huet, Dutch vicar/literary (Country of Rubens)
  • 1827 Robert Latimer McCook, volunteers Brigadier General (Union), (d. 1862)
  • 1828 Karl L Kahlbaum, German psychiatrist (katatonie)
  • 1833 Charles Miller Shelley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • 1835 Archibald Geikie, British geologist
  • 1849 Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto of Bismarck

Person of interestWoodrow Wilson

1856 Woodrow Wilson, 28th US President (Democrat: 1913-21) and 1919 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, born in Staunton City, Virginia (d. 1924)

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1859 John W Fortescue, British military historian and archivist at Windsor Castle, born in Madeira (d. 1933)
  • 1865 Félix Vallotton, Swiss-French painter and writer (Chaste Suzanna), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 1925)
  • 1866 Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian and diplomat (d. 1935)
  • 1868 Marie van Regteren Altena, Dutch painter (Amsterdam's Joffers)

Person of interestPío Baroja

1872 Pío Baroja y Nessi, Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), born in San Sebastián, Basque Country (d. 1956)

Spanish Writer Pío Baroja
Spanish Writer
Pío Baroja
  • 1880 Christian DFL Leipoldt, South african physician/writer/poet
  • 1882 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), born in Kendal, Westmorland, England (d. 1944)

Person of interestLili Elbe

1882 Lili Elbe [born Einar Wegener], Danish transgender woman, former painter, and 1st identifiable recipient of sex reassignment surgery (autobiography: Man into Woman), born in Vejle, Denmark (d. 1931)

Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery Lili Elbe
Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery
Lili Elbe
  • 1883 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer (d. 1945)
  • 1884 Joseph Pholien, Belgian premier (1950-52)/communist hunter
  • 1889 Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau
  • 1894 Andre de Meulemeester, Belgian WW I pilot (Eagle of Flanders)
  • 1898 Carl-Gustaf Rossby, Swedish meteorologist (d. 1957)
  • 1898 Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (d. 1947)
  • 1902 Mortimer J Adler, American author (Encyclopedia Brittanica), born in NYC, New York
  • 1902 Shen Congwen, Chinese writer (Long River), born in Zhen'gan, Hunan Province (d. 1988)
  • 1903 John von Neumann, mathematician and astronomer (Bocher Award 1938), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • 1904 Clabon W Allen, Australian/British astronomer
  • 1904 Sergei Yutkevich, director (Otello, Banya), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1909 Nikola J Vaptsarov, Bulgaria poet (Subrani Sutsjinenija)
  • 1917 Ellis Clarke, president Trinidad & Tobago (1976-87)
  • 1920 Bruce McCarty, South Bend, Indiana, architect (1982 World Fair), (d. 2013)

Person of interestStan Lee

1922 Stan Lee [Stanley Martin Lieber], American comic-book artist, writer and creative leader of Marvel multimedia corporation (Avengers, Spider-Man, Incredible Hulk), born in NYC, New York (d. 2018)

Comic-Book Artist and Marvel Creative Leader Stan Lee
Comic-Book Artist and Marvel Creative Leader
Stan Lee
  • 1924 Milton Obote, President of Uganda (d. 2005)
  • 1925 Bill [William] Westwood, British bishop of Peterborough
  • 1927 Anne Armstrong, US ambassador and first female counsel to the President, born in New Orleans, Louisiana, (d. 2008)
  • 1927 Simon Raven, English playwright/critic (Alms for Oblivion)
  • 1929 Maarten Schmidt, Neth/US astronomer (quasars)
  • 1929 Owen Bieber, United Auto Workers president
  • 1931 Georg "Org" Marais, South African economist/underminister of Finance
  • 1931 Guy Debord, situationist
  • 1932 Clem Schouwenaars, Flemish poet/writer
  • 1932 Manuel Puig, Argentina, writer (Blood of Requited Love)
  • 1932 Roy Hattersley, British journalist/Labour-parliament leader
  • 1932 Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian businessman (d. 2002)
  • 1933 John Y. Brown, Jr., American politician
  • 1934 John Akers, American business executive (IBM)
  • 1935 Fernando Lopes, Portuguese director (Encoberto, Matar Saudades)
  • 1936 Jacques Mesrine, French criminal (d. 1979)
  • 1936 Lawrence Schiller, American journalist
  • 1937 Ratan Tata, Indian industrialist
  • 1938 Janet Hough Bryant, author/performing artist/educator
  • 1939 Philip Anschutz, American businessman
  • 1941 Don Francisco [Mario Kreutzberger], Chilean TV variety show host (Sábado Gigante, 1962-2015), born in Talca, Chile
  • 1942 Paul Horowitz, American physicist, META project (Sloan Award 1971-3), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943 Keith Floyd, English celebrity cook and restaurateur (Floyd on Fish), born in Reading, Berkshire, England (d. 2009)
  • 1943 David Peterson, premier of Ontario Canada (L) (1982- ), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1943 Oscar D Dhlomo, South African sect-gen of Inkatha (1978-90)
  • 1944 Johnny Isakson, American politician
  • 1944 Kary Mullis, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva, King of Nepal (1972- )
  • 1945 Max Hastings, British editor-in-chief (Daily Telegraph)
  • 1945 Mike Gibbons, American rocker (Bo Donaldson & the Heywoods-Billy Don't be a Hero), (d. 2016)
  • 1946 Tim Johnson, American politician, senior senator from South Dakota
  • 1951 Ian Buruma, Anglo-Dutch scholar and writer on Japan and the Far East.
  • 1952 Arun Jaitley, Indian Politician

Person of interestLiu Xiaobo

1955 Liu Xiaobo, Chinese writer and human rights activist, born in Changchun, China (d. 2017)

Writer and Human Rights Activist Liu Xiaobo
Writer and Human Rights Activist
Liu Xiaobo
  • 1958 Carl Marsden, bodyguard
  • 1965 Martine Robine, French journalist and Miss France 1984, born in Comines, Nord, France
  • 1967 Chris Ware, US cartoonist, born in Omaha, Nebraska

Person of interestLinus Torvalds

1969 Linus Torvalds, Finnish-American software engineer (developed Linux operating system), born in Helsinki, Finland

Software Engineer Linus Torvalds
Software Engineer
Linus Torvalds
  • 1971 Frank Sepe, US bodybuilder, born in Rosedale, New York
  • 1972 Kevin Stitt, American politician, Governor of Oklahoma (2019-), born in Milton, Florida
  • 1981 Elizabeth Jordan Carr, 1st American test tube baby, born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1985 Kamani Hill, American footballer, born in Berkeley, California

Weddings in History

  • 1936 British best-selling romantic author Barbara Cartland (35) marries 2nd husband Hugh McCorquodale

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

2012 Astronaut Buzz Aldrin (82) divorces Lois Driggs Cannon due to irreconcilable differences after 23 years of marriage

Astronaut Buzz Aldrin
Buzz Aldrin

Deaths in History

  • 300 Theonas, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 1367 Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (2nd shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate), dies at 37
  • 1446 Clement VIII, (Sanchez Muñoz), Spanish anti-pope (1423-29), dies
  • 1503 Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici, ruler of Florence (b. 1471)
  • 1542 Albert Pigge [Pighius], Dutch theologist/astronomer, dies at about 52
  • 1622 Francois de Sales, French bishop of Geneva, writer and saint, dies at 55
  • 1663 Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (light defraction), dies at 45
  • 1671 Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar, dies at 60
  • 1673 Joan Blaeu, Dutch cartographer/publisher (Atlas Major), dies at 77
  • 1694 Mary II, Queen of England Scotland and Ireland, dies after 5 years of rule at 32
  • 1703 Mustafa II [Mustafa Oglu Mehmed IV], Ottoman Sultan (1695-1703), dies at 39
  • 1706 Pierre Bayle, French philosopher and writer (Historical and Critical Dictionary), dies at 59
  • 1708 Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, French botanist, dies at 52
  • 1715 William Carstares, Scottish minister (b. 1649)

Person of interestRob Roy

1734 Rob Roy, Scottish folk hero and outlaw, dies at 63

Folk Hero and Outlaw Rob Roy
Folk Hero and Outlaw
Rob Roy
  • 1772 Ernst J earl van/of Biron, Russian duke of Courland, dies at 82
  • 1775 Peter A van de Parra, gov-gen of Neth Indies, dies at 61
  • 1793 Louis earl of Bylandt, Dutch admiral, dies at about 75
  • 1795 Eugenio Espejo, Ecuadorian scientist (b. 1747)
  • 1859 Thomas Babington Macaulay, English poet and historian (Ivry, Naaseby), dies at 59
  • 1860 Cornelis Broere, Dutch Roman Catholic priest and poet, dies at 57
  • 1870 Peter van Schendel, Dutch-Belgian painter (Monsieur Chandelle), dies at 64
  • 1872 James Van Ness, Mayor of San Francisco (1855-1856) (b. 1808)
  • 1884 Gerben Colmjon, Frisian linguist and publisher, dies at 56
  • 1897 William Corby, American Catholic priest and President of the University of Notre Dame, dies at 64
  • 1900 Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto, Portuguese explorer (b. 1846)
  • 1903 George Gissing, British novelist (New Grub Street, Charles Dickens: A Critical Study), dies from a chill at 46
  • 1915 Gerrit Jan van Heek, Dutch textile manufacturer and politician, dies at 78
  • 1917 Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian World War One flying ace (b. 1892)
  • 1918 George H White, last post Reconstruction congressman (Penn), dies
  • 1918 Olavo Bilac, Brazilian poet (b. 1865)
  • 1919 Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (Rydberg formula), dies at 65
  • 1924 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, dis at 58
  • 1925 Louisa Aldrich-Blake, British pioneering surgeon, dies of cancer at 65
  • 1935 Clarence Day, American author (Life with Father), dies at 61
  • 1944 Cornelia ten Boom is accidentally released from Ravensbruck
  • 1945 Theodore Dreiser, American novelist (An American Tragedy), dies at 74

Person of interestVictor Emmanuel III

1947 Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy (1900-46), dies of pulmonary edema at 78

King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy
Victor Emmanuel III
  • 1948 Mahmud Nokrashy Pasha, Prime Minister of Egypt (19..-48), assassinated
  • 1949 Hervey Allen, American writer and poet (Anthony Adverse), dies at 60
  • 1956 Roelof Kranenburg, Dutch social democratic chairman (1st Chamber), dies at 76

Person of interestAnte Pavelić

1959 Ante Pavelić, Croatian leader of Nazi Germany puppet Independent State of Croatia, dies from wounds received in an attempted assassination two years earlier at 70

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić
  • 1961 Edith Bolling Galt Wilson, 1st lady (1915-21), dies at 89
  • 1963 Abbott Joseph Liebling, American journalist/writer, dies
  • 1967 Béla Schick, Hungarian-American paediatrician (Schick test), dies at 90
  • 1967 Katharine McCormick, American biologist, suffragist and philanthropist, dies at 92
  • 1970 L. Mendel Rivers, US politician (Rep-D-SC), dies at 65
  • 1974 Paul Dixon, Ohio talk show host (Paul Dixon Show), dies at 56
  • 1976 Katharine Byron, U.S. Congresswoman, dies at 73
  • 1978 Harry Winston, US jeweler for the "rich & famous", dies at 82
  • 1980 Jersey calf, lived 222 days with an artificial heart
  • 1984 Sam Peckinpah, American film director (The Wild Bunch, Straw Dogs), dies of cardiac arrest at 59
  • 1986 John D. MacDonald, American novelist (Deep Blue Goodbye), dies at 70
  • 1987 Charles Malik, Lebanon's 1st delegate to UN, dies at 81
  • 1988 Hal Ashby, academy-award-winning director, dies of cancer at 59
  • 1989 Hermann Oberth, German physicist (founded modern astronautics), dies at 95
  • 1990 Ed van der Elsken, Dutch photographer (Sweet Life), dies at 65
  • 1990 Lucas Polhaupessy, Moluccan leader, dies
  • 1993 William L Shirer, writer (Rise & Fall of 3rd Reich), dies at 89
  • 1994 Julian Belfrage, theatre agent, dies at 60
  • 1995 Harold Collison, British trade unionist (agriculture workers), dies at 86
  • 1997 James Lees-Milne, English writer and architectural historian, dies at 89
  • 2001 Samuel A. Goldblith, American food scientist (b. 1919)
  • 2001 William X. Kienzle, American novelist (b. 1928)
  • 2003 Benjamin T. Hacker, American naval aviator (first Naval Flight Officer (NFO) to achieve Flag rank), dies at 68

Person of interestSusan Sontag

2004 Susan Sontag, American writer, dies from Myelodysplastic syndrome at 71

Author Susan Sontag
Susan Sontag
  • 2006 Jamal Karimi-Rad, Iranian Minister of Justice (b. 1956)
  • 2007 Aidin Nikkhah Bahrami, Iran national basketball team player (b. 1982)
  • 2010 Trevor Holdsworth, CEO (National Power), dies at 83
  • 2012 Jayne Cortez, African-American poet, dies at 76
  • 2013 Andrew Jacobs Jr, American politician (Rep-D-IN, 1965-73, 75-97), dies at 81
  • 2015 Ian Murdock, German-born American computer programmer (Debian project, Progeny Linux Systems), dies at 42
  • 2016 Gregorio Alvarez, Uruguayan Dictator, President of Uruguay (1981-85), dies in prison at 91
  • 2017 Recy Taylor, American sexual assault victim, dies at 97
  • 2017 Sue Grafton, American author of detective novels ("A" Is for Alibi), dies at 77
  • 2018 Georges Loinger, French resistance fighter (WWII), dies at 108
  • 2018 Shehu Shagari, Nigerian politician, President of Nigeria (1979-83), dies at 93