On This Day

On This Day in History for December 6

Events in History

  • 963 Leo VIII elected Pope
  • 1060 Béla I of Hungary is crowned king of Hungary
  • 1160 Jean Bodels "Jeu de St Nicholas" premieres in Arras
  • 1196 Northern Dutch coast flooded, "Saint-Nicolas Flood"
  • 1240 Mongols under Batu Khan occupy and destroy Kiev; out of 50,000 people in the city only 2,000 survive

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1273 Thomas Aquinas is thought to have a mystical experience in Naples, refuses to continue his work "I cannot, because all that I have written seems like straw to me"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1424 Don Alfonso V of Aragon grants Barcelona the right to exclude Jews

  • 1527 Pope Clemens VII flees to Orvieto
  • 1534 Quito, Ecuador, founded by Spanish
  • 1631 1st predicted transit of Venus (Kepler) is observed
  • 1641 Don Francisco de Mello appointed land guardian of South Netherlands
  • 1648 Pride's Purge: Thomas Pride prevents 96 presbyterians from sitting in English parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1723 Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI's Pragmatic Sanction with the Diet of Hungary recognizes the King's daughters as successors

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • 1732 1st play in American colonies acted by professional players in New York
  • 1735 First recorded appendectomy performed by Claudius Amyand at St George's Hospital in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army retreats to Scotland

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie

  • 1756 British troops under Robert Clive occupy Fulta, India
  • 1768 1st edition of "Encyclopedia Brittanica" published in Scotland
  • 1787 Laurens Pieter van de Speigel is appointed Dutch pension advisor
  • 1790 The U.S. Congress moves from New York City to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1822 Veterinary school in Utrecht opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1825 US President John Adams suggests establishment of a national observatory

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1843 Amsterdam-Utrecht railway opens
  • 1845 Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity is founded at Yale College.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland for the 2nd and final time

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 US President Abraham Lincoln orders hanging of 39 Santee Sioux Indians

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1864 Battle of Deveaux's Neck, South Carolina
  • 1865 13th Amendment of the United States Constitution is ratified, abolishing slavery
  • 1866 Chicago water supply tunnel 3,227 m into Lake Michigan completed
  • 1873 1st international football game in US: Yale 2, Eton (England) 1 in New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1875 44th Congress (1875-77) convenes
  • 1876 1st crematorium in US begins operation, Washington, Pennsylvania

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1876 US Electoral College casts their votes in the disputed election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden; two sets of conflicting results are returned to Congress the next day

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes

Music releaseMusic Recording

1877 Thomas Edison records himself reciting "Mary had a little lamb"

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1877 Washington Post publishes 1st edition
  • 1882 Atmosphere of Venus detected during transit

  • 1884 Aluminum capstone set atop Washington Monument, Washington, D.C.
  • 1896 D T Suzuki found the awakening at Engakuji temple, in Kamakura
  • 1897 London becomes the world's first city to host licenced taxicabs
  • 1903 Sumatra Atjehs guerilla leader Panglima Polim surrenders

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Theodore Roosevelt confirms Monroe-doctrine (Roosevelt Corollary)

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1906 The British grant Transvaal self-government
  • 1907 Coal mine explosions in Monongah, West Virginia kills 361
  • 1912 China votes for universal human rights
  • 1914 German troops over run Lodz
  • 1916 World War I: The Central Powers under General Mackensen capture Bucharest
  • 1917 French munition ship "Mont Blanc" explodes in Halifax, Canada killing 1,700
  • 1917 Taking advantage of the temporary relaxation of authority in Russia, Finland declares itself a republic, following the Ukraine on 20 November

IrelandAnglo-Irish Treaty

1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty signed; Ireland receives dominion status; partition creates Northern Ireland

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Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty
Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty
Learn More

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1921 Canada's Liberal Party and its leader Mackenzie King defeats Arthur Meighen's Conservative Party and Thomas Crerar' Progressive Party in general election, goes on to form a minority government

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
9th Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen
9th Prime Minister of Canada
Arthur Meighen
  • 1922 1st constitution of Irish Free State comes into operation
  • 1922 1st electric power line commercial carrier in US, Utica, NY

CommunicationHistoric Communication

1923 1st US Presidential address broadcast on radio by President Calvin Coolidge

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1925 Italy, Britain & Egypt sign Jaghbub accord (Italy)
  • 1929 Turkey introduces female suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Ban on James Joyce's "Ulysses" in US lifted

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • 1938 117 Spanish knights under capt Piet Laros return to Netherlands

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1938 French/German non-attack treaty drawn (Ribbentrop-Bonnet Pact)

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • 1940 Gestapo arrest German resistance fighter/poster artist Helen Ernst
  • 1940 Pietro Badoglio resigns as viceroy of Ethiopia
  • 1941 Dutch & British pilots see Japanese invasion fleet at Singapore
  • 1941 NYC Council agrees to build Idlewild (Kennedy) Airport in Queens
  • 1942 Queen Wilhelmina announces Dutch Commonwealth
  • 1942 RAF bombs Philips factory (150 die)
  • 1944 US 95th Infantry division reaches Westwall
  • 1947 The Everglades National Park in Florida is dedicated.
  • 1950 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Mirabile illud
  • 1952 Czech government tells Israeli ambassador that he is persona non grata
  • 1953 Brown's Lou "Toe" Groza kicks 8 PATs, beating Giants 62-14

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Simone de Beauvoir receives the Prix Goncourt prize in French literature

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Nelson Mandela & 156 others arrested for political activities in South Africa

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1957 1st US attempt to launch a satellite fails-Vanguard rocket blows up
  • 1957 AFL-CIO votes to expel Teamsters (readmitted in October 1987)
  • 1957 Indonesia begins nationalizing Dutch possessions
  • 1958 US lunar probe Pioneer 3 reaches 107,269 km, falls back
  • 1962 US abandons Skybolt ballistic missile program
  • 1964 "Rudolph The Red-Nosed Reindeer" 1st airs on TV
  • 1964 President Antonio Segni of Italy resigns
  • 1965 Pakistan's Islamic Ideology Advisory Committee recommends that Islamic Studies be made a compulsory subject for Muslim students from primary to graduate level.
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1968 PBA National Championship won by Wayne Zahn
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1971 Lewis Franklin Powell confirmed as US Supreme Court justice
  • 1971 A woman dies trying to salvage property from the Salvation Army Citadel in Belfast after bomb which started a large fire in an adjoining building
  • 1973 Bahrain's constitution goes into effect

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1973 Gerald Ford sworn-in as first unelected Vice President, succeeds Spiro Agnew who resigned over corruption allegations

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew
Vice President of the United States
Spiro Agnew
  • 1975 Balcombe Street Siege: for 6 days, four Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers hold two hostages at an apartment in London, England
  • 1976 War criminal Pieter Menten arrested in Zurich
  • 1977 South Africa grants Bophuthatswana independence
  • 1978 Spain adopts constitution
  • 1980 NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 502
  • 1982 Droppin Well bombing: 11 British soldiers and 6 civilians are killed by an Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) time bomb at the Droppin’ Well Bar in Ballykelly, County Londonderry
  • 1983 A bomb planted on a bus in Jerusalem explodes, kills 6 Israelis
  • 1984 France performs nuclear test
  • 1984 Hijackers aboard Kuwaiti jetliner kill 2nd hostage
  • 1986 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1987 3 satanist Missouri teenagers bludgeon comrade to death for "fun"
  • 1987 Christa Rothenburger skates female world record 500m (39.39 sec)

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1988 Yasser Arafat meets prominent American Jews in Stockholm, Sweden

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 1988 Carlos Andres Perez re-elected president of Venezuela

Birthdays in History

  • 846 Hasan al-Askari, 11th Imam of Twelver Shia Islam, born in Medina, Abbasid Empire (d. 874)
  • 1285 Ferdinand IV, King of Castile and León (1295-1312), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1312)
  • 1421 Henry VI, King of England (1422-61, 1470-71), born at Windsor Castle (d. 1471)
  • 1478 Baldassare Castiglione, Italian diplomat and author, born in Casatico, Mantua, Italy (d. 1529)
  • 1586 Niccolò Zucchi, Italian astronomer, born in Parma, Italy (d. 1670)
  • 1592 William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle, English aristocrat and Royalist general in the English Civil War, born in Handsworth, England (d. 1676)
  • 1608 George Monck, English general, born in Great Potheridge, England (d. 1670)
  • 1637 Edmund Andros, English governor in North America, born in London (d. 1714)
  • 1640 Claude Fleury, French priest and historian, born in Paris (d. 1723)
  • 1685 Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy, mother of Louis XV of France, born in Royal Palace, Turin, Savoy (d. 1712)
  • 1721 James Elphinston, Scottish philologist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1809)
  • 1721 Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French lawyer and statesman, born in Paris (d. 1794)
  • 1731 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), born in Kaufbeuren. Bavaria (d. 1807)
  • 1732 Warren Hastings, 1st governor-general of India (1773-84), born in Churchill, Oxfordshire (d. 1818)
  • 1752 Gabriel Duvall, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1811-35), born in Marietta, Maryland (d. 1844)
  • 1778 Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French physicist and chemist, born in Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat, Kingdom of France (d. 1850)
  • 1792 Abraham Jacob van der Aa, Dutch lexicographer (Biographic Dictionary), born in Amsterdam (d. 1857)
  • 1792 William II, King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and Duke of Limburg, born in Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, Dutch Republic (d. 1849)
  • 1805 Adolf Reubke, German organ builder, born in Halberstadt, Germany (d. 1875)

Person of interestJean Eugène Robert-Houdin

1805 Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin, French magician and father of modern magic, born in Blois, France (d. 1861)

  • 1808 Johan Michiel Dautzenberg, Flemish author (Future), born in Heerlen, Netherlands (d. 1869)
  • 1809 Stephen Thomas, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Bethel, Vermont (d. 1903)
  • 1812 Robert Spear Hudson, English businessman, born in West Bromwich, Staffordshire (d. 1884)
  • 1816 Henry Eustace McCulloch, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Rutherford County, Tennessee (d. 1895)
  • 1822 John Eberhard Faber, German-American pencil manufacturer and built 1st large-scale pencil factory in US, born in Stein Bavaria, Germany (d. 1879)
  • 1823 Max Müller, German-born British orientalist, born in Dessau, German Federation (d. 1900)
  • 1831 Joshua Woodrow Sill, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Chillicothe, Ohio (d. 1862)

Person of interestJohn Singleton Mosby

1833 John S. Mosby, Confederate army cavalry battalion commander in the American Civil War, born in Powhatan County, Virginia (d. 1916)

The Gray Ghost John Singleton Mosby
The Gray Ghost
John Singleton Mosby
  • 1835 Rudolf Fittig, German chemist (synthesizing organic compounds), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1910)
  • 1841 Frédéric Bazille, French painter, born in Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France (d. 1870)
  • 1843 Albert de Vriendt, Flemish historical painter and etcher, born in Ghent, belgium (d. 1900)
  • 1849 August von Mackensen, German field marshal, born in Haus Leipnitz, Kingdom of Prussia, German Confederation (d. 1945)
  • 1853 Hara Prasad Shastri, Indian academic, Sanskrit scholar, archivist and historian of Bengali literature, born in Khulna, Bengal Presidency (d. 1931)
  • 1863 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and investor, born in Thompson, Ohio (d. 1914)

Person of interestMichael Joseph Savage

1872 Michael Joseph Savage, Australian-born New Zealand politician and first Labour Prime Minister of New Zealand (1935-40), born in Tatong, Australia (d. 1940)

New Zealand Prime Minister Michael Joseph Savage
New Zealand Prime Minister
Michael Joseph Savage
  • 1875 Evelyn Underhill, British Anglo-Catholic poet, born in Wolverhampton, England (d. 1941)
  • 1876 Fred Duesenberg, German-American automobile pioneer, born in Lippe, Germany (d. 1932)
  • 1884 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), born in Sawin, Poland (d. 1972)
  • 1885 Albrecht Schaeffer, German writer (The General), born in Elbląg, Poland (d. 1950)

Person of interestJoyce Kilmer

1886 Joyce Kilmer, American poet (Trees), born in New Brunswick, New Jersey (d. 1918)

Person of interestDion Fortune

1890 Dion Fortune, British occultist, born in Llandudno, Wales (d. 1946)

Occultist and Author Dion Fortune
Occultist and Author
Dion Fortune
  • 1890 Yoshio Nishina, Japanese physicist (known as the founding father of modern physics research in Japan), born in Satoshō, Okayama (d. 1951)
  • 1890 Rudolf Schlichter, German artist and writer, born in Calw, Germany (d. 1955)
  • 1892 Osbert Sitwell, English poet, writer (Out of the Flame), born in London, England (d. 1969)
  • 1897 Oscar Walter Cisek, Romanian writer and diplomat, born in Bucharest (d. 1966)
  • 1898 Alfred Eisenstaedt, German-American photojournalist (V-J Day in Times Square), born in Dirschau, West Prussia, German Empire (d. 1995)
  • 1898 Gunnar Myrdal, Swedish sociologist and economist (Nobel 1974), born in Gagnef, Sweden (d. 1987)
  • 1899 Harry Buller Siege Willis, son of South Africa boer in Ladysmith
  • 1904 Ève Curie, French author and daughter of Madame Curie, born in Paris (d. 2007)
  • 1906 Antoon Spinoy, Belgian politician, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • 1908 Pierre Graber, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1970–1978), born in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland (d. 2003)
  • 1909 Kenneth Watkins, British woodland conservationist and founder (The Woodland Trust) (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Alfred James Broomhall, British Protestant Christian medical missionary to China, born in Shandong, China (d. 1994)
  • 1917 Kamal Jumblatt, Lebanese politician and founder of the Progressive Socialist Party, born in Moukhtara, Chouf, Mutasarrifate of Mount Lebanon, Ottoman Empire (d. 1977)
  • 1917 Irv Robbins, Canadian-American entrepreneur (co-founded the Baskin-Robbins ice cream parlor chain), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba (d. 2008)
  • 1918 Harold Horace Hopkins, British physicist and inventor (Endoscope), born in Leicester, England (d. 1994)
  • 1918 Willem Oosterheers, resistance fighter
  • 1919 Paul de Man, Belgian literary critic, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1983)
  • 1920 George Porter, British chemist (Nobel 1967), born in Stainforth, South Yorkshire, England (d. 2002)
  • 1922 John Brunt, English soldier and Victoria Cross holder, born in Priest Weston, Shropshire, England (d. 1944)
  • 1924 Sergey Yablonsky, Soviet and Russian mathematician and one of the founders of the Soviet school of mathematical cybernetics and discrete mathematics (d. 1998), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1928 Bert Geoffrey Achong, Trinidadian pathologist and inventor (electron microscopist), born in Port of Spain, Trinidad (d. 1996)
  • 1929 Frank Springer, American comics artist (The Adventures of Phoebe Zeit-Geist), born in Jamaica, Queens, New York (d. 2009)
  • 1936 Kenneth Copeland, American televangelist (Kenneth Copeland Ministries), born in Lubbock, Texas
  • 1940 Lawrence Bergman, Canadian politician, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1941 Richard Speck, American mass murderer (raped and killed 8 student nurses in 1966), born in Kirkwood, Illinois (d. 1991)
  • 1942 Peter Handke, Austrian writer (A Sorrow Beyond Dreams), 2019 Nobel Prize for Literature, born in Griffen, Austria
  • 1945 Dan Harrington, American professional poker player, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1947 Lawrence Cannon, Canadian politician (9th Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Quebec City, Quebec
  • 1948 Don Nickles, American politician (Sen-R-Okla, 1981-2005), born in Ponca City, Oklahoma
  • 1948 Yoshihide Suga, Japanese politician, Prime Minister of Japan (2020-), born in Yuzawa, Japan
  • 1949 Doug Marlette, American editorial cartoonist (Kudzu), born in Greensboro, North Carolina (d. 2007)
  • 1952 Craig Newmark, American entrepreneur and founder of the website Craigslist, born in Morristown, New Jersey
  • 1953 Wil Shriner, American talk show host (Wil Shriner Show), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestAndrew Cuomo

1957 Andrew Cuomo, American politician and Governor of New York (2011-), born in NYC, New York

NY Governor Andrew Cuomo
NY Governor
Andrew Cuomo
  • 1959 Satoru Iwata, President and CEO of Nintendo (Nintendo DS and Wii), born in Sapporo, Hokkaido (d. 2015)
  • 1968 Karl Ove Knausgård, Norwegian author (My Struggle), born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1973 Rebekah "Bekah" Mercer, American "Mercer Family Foundation" director and Republican donor, born in Yorktown Heights, New York
  • 1993 Elian Gonzalez, Cuban boy at the center of a heated 2000 controversy involving the governments of Cuba and the United States, born in Cuba
  • 2000 Pablo Nicolás Urdangarín y de Borbón, Spanish royal, born in Barcelona

Weddings in History

  • 1491 King Charles VIII of France marries Anna of Bretagne

LoveWedding of Interest

1930 Pablo Neruda marries Marie A Hagenaar Vogelzang in Batavia

  • 1941 King Leopold of Belgium marries Lilian Baels
  • 1975 US Senator Bob Dole (52) weds former senator Elizabeth Hanford (39)
  • 2003 "The Bachelorette" star Trista Rehn (31) weds Ryan Sutter (29) at The Lodge in Rancho Mirage, California

Divorces in History

  • 1982 US Senator Ted & Joan Kennedy divorce

Deaths in History


Person of interestSaint Nicholas

343 Saint Nicholas [Nikolaos of Myra], Greek Bishop who became the model for Santa Claus, dies at 73

Christian Saint and Greek Bishop of Myra Saint Nicholas
Christian Saint and Greek Bishop of Myra
Saint Nicholas
  • 1185 Afonso I the Conqueror, King of Portugal (1143-85), dies at 76
  • 1352 Clement VI, [Pierre Roger], Pope (1342-52), dies
  • 1531 John Volkertsz Trimaker, Dutch anabaptist leader, beheaded
  • 1550 Pieter Coecke van Aelst, Flemish painter, dies at 48
  • 1562 Jan van Scorel, Dutch painter and architect, dies at 67
  • 1598 Elbertus Leoninus, Dutch lawyer/politician, dies at about 78
  • 1618 Jacques Davy Duperron, French Roman Catholic cardinal, dies at 62
  • 1640 Matthijs Elsevier, Flemish/Dutch book publisher/merchant, dies at 75
  • 1651 Anna Roemers Visscher, Dutch poetess, dies at 68
  • 1658 Baltasar Gracian, Spanish writer, dies at 57
  • 1686 Eleonora Gonzaga, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (1651-57), dies at 56
  • 1718 Nicholas Rowe, English poet and dramatist (Tamerlane) Poet Laureate (1715-18), dies at 45
  • 1771 Giovanni Battista Morgagni, Italian anatomist (b. 1682)
  • 1779 Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter, dies at 80
  • 1788 Jonathan Shipley, British bishop and politician (b. 1714)
  • 1793 Marie Jeanne Becu, Comtesse du Barry, last mistress of Louis XV, beheaded at 50
  • 1799 Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist known for his discoveries of magnesium, latent heat and carbon dioxide, dies at 71
  • 1834 Jonas Daniel Meyer, Dutch lawyer, dies at 54
  • 1855 William John Swainson, English naturalist and artist, dies at 66
  • 1867 Jean Pierre Flourens, French physiologist, dies at 73
  • 1868 August Schleicher, German linguist (b. 1821)
  • 1869 Jan de Liefde II, Dutch vicar/author (People's Welfare), dies at 54
  • 1873 Manuel Acuña, Mexican poet (Ante un Cadaver), dies at 24
  • 1879 Erastus Brigham Bigelow, American inventor of weaving machine, dies at 65
  • 1882 Alfred Escher, Swiss politician and railroad entrepreneur (b. 1819)
  • 1882 Anthony Trollope, English novelist and poet (Barchester Towers), dies at 67

Person of interestJefferson Davis

1889 Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America (1861-65), dies at 81

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1889 Jozef Neuhuys [Joseph Hendrikus Neuhuys], Dutch painter, dies at 48
  • 1891 Émile Bayard, French artist and illustrator, dies at 54

Person of interestWerner von Siemens

1892 [Ernst] Werner von Siemens, German inventor (siemens electrical conductance unit) and industrialist (Siemens corporation), dies at 75

Industrialist and Inventor Werner von Siemens
Industrialist and Inventor
Werner von Siemens
  • 1914 Eduard Jacobs, Dutch cabaret artist, dies at 47
  • 1925 Dat So la Lee "Dabuda" or Louise Keyser, Native American (Washoe) basket weaver dies aged about 96
  • 1934 Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, dies at 71
  • 1941 Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (In the Light of Truth: The Grail Message), dies at 66
  • 1943 Firmin Baes, Flemish painter, dies at 69
  • 1951 Harold Ross, American magazine editor and co-founded The New Yorker, dies at 59
  • 1953 Konstanty I Galczynski, Polish poet (Zielona Ges), dies at 48

Person of interestB.R. Ambedkar

1956 B.R. Ambedkar [Baba Saheb], Indian politician, jurist (architect of the Constitution of India) and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist Movement, dies after suffering from diabetes at 65

Jurist and Social Reformer B.R. Ambedkar
Jurist and Social Reformer
B.R. Ambedkar
  • 1957 Robert Esnault-Pelterie, French engineer and aviation pioneer who contributed to early heavier-than-air flight in Europe, dies at 76
  • 1961 Frantz Fanon, West Indian psychiatrist and philosopher (The Wretched of the Earth), dies of leukemia at 36
  • 1963 Jozef Goossenaerts, Flem philologist (Language Boundary), dies at 81
  • 1964 Consuelo Vanderbilt (b. 1877)
  • 1965 Alberto Vaccari, Italian jesuit/old testament scholar, dies at 90
  • 1970 Thomas S Power, American USAF-gen (Raid on Tokyo-March 1945), dies at 65
  • 1971 Jan Altink, Dutch painter/co-founder (Plough), dies at 86
  • 1974 Nikolay Kuznetsov, Russian naval commander (Admiral of the Fleet during World War II), dies at 70
  • 1976 João Goulart, President of Brazil (b. 1918)
  • 1985 Burr Tillstrom, American puppeteer (Kukla Fran & Ollie), dies at 68
  • 1986 Malik Oussekine, Algerian/French student, killed by police at 22

Person of interestTunku Abdul Rahman

1990 Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia's founding father, 1st Prime Minister of Malaya (1957-63) and Malaysia (1963-70), dies at 87

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • 1993 Prof Wolfgang Paul, German physicist (Nobel 1989), dies at 80
  • 1993 Rouaz Lakhdar, Algerian supreme court justice, murdered
  • 1993 Desmond Barel Hirshfield, Lord Hirshfield, British chartered accountant, dies at 80
  • 1994 AJ Bronkhorst, vicar/theologist (Reform The Netherlands), dies at 80
  • 1995 Dmitri Volkogonov, Russian soldier and historian, dies at 67
  • 1995 James Reston, American journalist (New York Times), dies at 86
  • 1995 John Trevor Key, British photographer, dies of brain tumour at 48
  • 1995 Leslie Wilkinson, journalist, dies at 97
  • 1996 Bryan Clieve Roberts, lawyer/civil servant, dies at 83
  • 1997 Eddie Myers, British WWII soldier and engineer, dies at 91
  • 2002 Philip Berrigan, American peace activist and Roman Catholic priest, dies at 79
  • 2003 Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio, President of Guatemala (b. 1918)
  • 2004 Raymond Goethals, Belgian football coach (b. 1921)
  • 2005 Devan Nair, Singaporean politician, 3rd President of Singapore (1981-85), dies at 82
  • 2006 John Feeney, Documentary film-director (b. 1922)
  • 2010 Mark Dailey, Canadian television journalist and announcer (b. 1953)
  • 2017 William H. Gass, American novelist and philosopher (Omensetter's Luck), dies at 93