On This Day in History for December 7

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 131

  • 43 BC Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman orator and politician is assassinated in Formiae
  • 185 Emperor Lo-Yang, China sees supernova (MSH15-52)
  • 1354 Margaretha van Bavarian's son earl Willem V signs peace treaty
  • 1696 Connecticut Route 108, one of the oldest highways in the U.S. is completed to Trumbull.
  • 1724 Tumult of Thorn - religious unrest was followed by the execution of nine Protestant citizens and the mayor of Thorn (Toruń) by Polish authorities.
  • 1741 Elisabeth Petrovna becomes tsarina of Russia
  • 1783 Theatre Royal opens in Covent Garden, London
  • 1787 Delaware becomes 1st state to ratify the US constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804 Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt reports his discovery of the decrease in intensity of Earth's magnetic field from the poles to the equator in a memoir to the Paris Institute

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1808 James Madison elected 4th US President and George Clinton Vice-President

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • 1835 Bavarian Ludwig railway opens - first German steam railway

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1836 Martin Van Buren elected the 8th President of the United States

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • 1842 New York Philharmonic's 1st concert
  • 1862 Battle of Hartsville, TN
  • 1862 Battle of Prairie Grove, AR
  • 1864 Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek/Cypress Swamp, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1872 HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise
  • 1875 Natives Sons of the West organized
  • 1876 NY Mutuals & Philadelphia A's expelled from NL for not completing sked

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American"

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1885 49th Congress (1885-87) convenes
  • 1889 Gilbert & Sullivan's "Gondoliers" premieres in London
  • 1891 52nd US Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session
  • 1895 Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
  • 1900 Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, on the outskirts of Berlin, discovers the law of black body radiation.
  • 1902 Britain and Germany issue an ultimatum to Venezuela demanding that President Cipriano Castro pay claims for damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899
  • 1907 The First Egyptian Nationalist Congress meets under the leadership of Mustafa Kamil Pasha

1stHistoric Invention

1909 Inventor Leo Baekeland patents the first thermo-setting plastic, Bakelite, sparking the birth of the plastics industry

Chemist Leo Baekeland
Leo Baekeland
  • 1911 National Hockey Association forms with New Westminster, Vancouver & Victoria
  • 1912 Bust of Queen Nefertiti found in El-Amarna, Egypt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 David Lloyd George replaces resigning H. H. Asquith as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • 1917 US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 The USA's 42nd 'Rainbow' Division arrives in France (with Colonel Douglass MacArthur among its ranks)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1920 NSW make 802 against South Australia, then Mailey takes 8-81
  • 1920 USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
  • 1921 KWG-AM in Stockton CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1924 German election (Social Democrats win, Nazis & Communists lose)
  • 1925 Biltmore Theater opens at 261 W 47th St NYC
  • 1925 Noel Coward's "Easy Virtue" premieres in NYC
  • 1926 Gas refrigerator patented
  • 1932 1st gyro-stabilized vessel to cross Atlantic arrives in NY
  • 1934 Wiley Post discovers jet stream
  • 1937 Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work
  • 1937 Russian chess player Alekhine recaptures world title from Max Euwe
  • 1938 Philip Barry's "Here Come the Clowns" premieres in NYC
  • 1938 W9XZY broadcasts facsimile of St Louis Post-Dispatch by radio
  • 1940 North Africa: British counter offensive under general O'Connor
  • 1940 The first prototype Fairey Barracuda flew
  • 1941 Australian bombers land on Timor/Ambon
  • 1941 Futshida's air fleet passes coastline of Oahu

  • 1941 German siege of Tobruk ends after 8 months
  • 1941 Imperial Japanese Navy with 353 planes attack US fleet at Pearl Harbor Naval Base, Hawaii, killing 2,403 people
  • 1941 Nacht & Nebel Erlass, resistance fighter sent to concentration camps
  • 1941 1st Japanese midget submarine (No. 20) attacked by a US ship (USS Ward)
  • 1943 Cairo: president Roosevelt travels back to the US
  • 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago
  • 1944 General Radescu forms Romanian government
  • 1946 Fire at Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, kills 119

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1953 Israel's PM Ben-Gurion retires
  • 1954 Japanese government of Joshida resigns
  • 1956 Helen O'Connell joins Today Show panel
  • 1957 Tony Kubek of the Yanks selected as AL Rookie of the Year
  • 1958 Romulo Betancourt elected President of Venezuela
  • 1960 Ivory Coast claims independence from France
  • 1962 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Ian Meckiff no-balled for throwing against the South Africans
  • 1963 Instant replay is used for the first time in a Army-Navy game.
  • 1965 Pope Paul VI & Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras I simultaneously lift mutual excommunications that led to split of 2 churches in 1054
  • 1966 A fire at an army barracks in Erzurum, Turkey kills 68 people.
  • 1967 Otis Redding records "Sittin' on the Dock of the Bay"
  • 1968 Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1968 Richard Dodd returns a library book his great grandfather took out in 1823 from the University of Cincinnati
  • 1970 Taizan Maezumi Roshi, head of LA Zen Center, receives dharma
  • 1970 West Germany & Poland normalize relations
  • 1971 "Wild & Wonderful" opens/closes at Lyceum Theater NYC
  • 1971 An off duty member of the Ulster Defence Regiment is shot dead by members of the Irish Republican Army in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland
  • 1972 Apollo 17 (US), final manned lunar landing mission, launched, crew takes famous "blue marble" photo of the entire Earth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Philippine's first lady Imelda Marcos stabbed & wounded by an assailant

First Lady and Politician Imelda Marcos
First Lady and Politician
Imelda Marcos
  • 1975 10th Islander shut-out opponent-Glenn Resch 3-0 vs Sabres
  • 1975 Archbishop Makarios returns Cyprus
  • 1975 Indonesian army occupies East Timor
  • 1976 UN Security Council endorses Kurt Waldheim, Secretary-General for second 5 year term
  • 1977 Islander Billy Smith's 10th shut-out opponent-Black Hawks 4-0
  • 1981 Spain becomes a member of the NATO
  • 1982 Suriname army under Desi Bouterse fires on radio station building
  • 1982 In Texas, Charles Brooks, Jr. becomes the first person to be executed by lethal injection in the US.
  • 1983 2 jets collided at Madrid Airport killing 93
  • 1983 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1985 Atlantis (61-B) returns to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Pres Jean-Claude Duvalier flees Haiti

President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier
President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier
  • 1987 43 die in Pacific Southwest Airline crash in California (man shot pilots)
  • 1987 Gorbachev arrives in US for a summit meeting
  • 1987 Palestinian uprising against Israel in West Bank
  • 1988 PLO delegation lead by Yasir Arafat proclaims the State of Palestine, recognizing the existence of the State of Israel for the first time
  • 1988 6.9 earthquake in Spitak, Armenia kills 25,000-50,000 people and leaves up to 500,000 homeless
  • 1988 Gorbachev announces 10% unilateral Soviet troop reductions at UN

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Mikhail Gorbachev cheered by Wall St crowds upon arrival in NYC

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Iraqi parliment endorses Saddam Hussein's decision to free hostages

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein

Birthdays in History

  • 521 Saint Columba, Irish Christian missionary to Scotland (d. 597)
  • 903 Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi, Persian astronomer (d. 986)
  • 967 Abu Sa'id ibn Aboa al-Chair, Persian mystic
  • 1302 Azzone Visconti lord of Milan (d. 1339)
  • 1545 Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, consort of Mary I of Scotland (d. 1567)
  • 1561 Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese politician (d. 1625)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1598 Giovanni Bernini, Italian baroque sculptor (St Teresa in Ecstasy), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1680)

Baroque Sculptor Giovanni Bernini
Baroque Sculptor
Giovanni Bernini
  • 1670 John Aislabie, English director of the South Sea Company (d. 1742)
  • 1731 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil du Perron, French interpreter
  • 1751 Jurrian F de Frederici, governor-General (Suriname)
  • 1754 Jack Jouett, American patriot
  • 1764 Claude Victor-Perrin, duc de Belluno, French marshal (d. 1841)
  • 1784 Allan Cunningham, British poet (d. 1842)
  • 1803 Maria Josepha of Saxony, queen consort of Spain (d. 1829)
  • 1808 Hugh McCulloch, US Treasury Secretary (1884-85, 85-69), born in Kennebunk, Maine (d. 1895)
  • 1810 Theodor Schwann, German co-originator of cell theory
  • 1810 Josef Hyrtl, Austrian anatomist (d. 1894)
  • 1823 Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker)
  • 1830 Luigi Cremona, Italian mathematician/minister of Education
  • 1839 Redvers H Buller, English general/large landowner: Natal
  • 1842 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist (schedelmetingen)
  • 1847 Solomon Schechter, US Talmudic scholar/Jewish leader
  • 1860 Joseph Cook, 6th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1947)
  • 1862 Paul Adam, French writer (La Bataille d'Uhde)
  • 1863 Svetolik Rankovic, Serbian writer (Forest King)
  • 1863 Felix Calonder, Scuol, Swiss politician (Free Democratic Party)
  • 1872 Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens)
  • 1873 Willa Cather, American author (My Antonia)
  • 1878 Akiko Yosano, Japan, poet (Tangled Hair)
  • 1888 Hamilton Fish, US congress leader/isolationist
  • 1888 Joyce Cary, Anglo-Irish (male) writer (House of Children)
  • 1888 Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun, 1st President of American Newspaper Guild
  • 1892 Stuart Davis, American modernist painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1964)
  • 1901 A F [Tony] Pugsley, British rear-admiral (Walcheren attack (1944))
  • 1903 Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician (d. 1987)
  • 1904 Clarence Nash, American voice actor (Donald Duck), born in Watonga, Oklahoma (d. 1985)
  • 1905 Gerard Kuiper, Dutch/US astronomer (moons of Uranus, Neptune)
  • 1908 Jacques Gans, Dutch author/journalist
  • 1909 Jacob Kainen, artist/curator
  • 1915 Brackett Hamilton Leigh, [Douglass], American sci-fi author (Ginger Star)
  • 1916 Jean Carignan, French Canadian fiddler (d. 1988)
  • 1920 Tatamkulu Afrika, South African poet and writer (d. 2002)
  • 1921 Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian Hindu spiritual leader (BAPS), born in Chansad, Gujarat (d. 2016)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924 Mário Soares, 17th President of Portugal (1986-96) and Prime Minister (1976-78 and 1983-85), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 2017)

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1928 Noam Chomsky, American linguist (founded transformational grammar), philospher and political activist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Linguist & Author Noam Chomsky
Linguist & Author
Noam Chomsky
  • 1932 Paul Caponigro, American photographer
  • 1936 Martha Layne Collins, Baghdad Ky, (Gov-D-Ky)
  • 1937 Thad Cochran, (Sen-R-Miss)
  • 1940 Kumar Shahani, writer/director (Kasbam Tarang, Maya Darpan)
  • 1943 Göran Lennmarker, Swedish politician
  • 1943 Bernard C. Parks, Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department
  • 1943 James Tate, American poet (Pulitzer Prize 1992), born in Kansas City Missouri (d. 2015)
  • 1944 Jamiel Chagra, American drug trafficker
  • 1947 Mino Reitano, Italian entertainer
  • 1948 Yoko Morishita, prima ballerina (Baterina No Habataki)
  • 1952 Susan Collins, American politician, junior senator from Maine
  • 1953 Bertin Osborne, Italian entertainer
  • 1954 Gianfranco Jannuzzo, Italian entertainer
  • 1954 Mark Hofmann, American forger, bomber and convicted murderer, born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1955 John Watkins, Australian politician
  • 1957 Tom Winsor, British lawyer and economic regulator
  • 1962 Grecia Colmenares, Italian entertainer
  • 1967 Vaclav Chalupa, Czechoslovakia, rower (Henley Royal Regatta 1989)
  • 1971 Vladimir Akopian, Armenian chess player
  • 1972 Hermann Maier, Austrian skier
  • 1974 Kang Full, South Korean webcomic artist
  • 1975 Nikola Wapzarow, writer
  • 1978 Chad Dukes, Radio Personality
  • 2003 Princess Catharina-Amalia of the Netherlands

Weddings in History

  • 1646 Princess Louise Henriette (19) of Nassau marries Frederick Henry Elector of Brandenburg

HeartWedding of Interest

1929 Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (52) weds Andrée Joséphine Carron in Aix-les-Bains, France

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III

HeartWedding of Interest

1940 Mexican painters Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo remarry in San Francisco (divorced 1939)

Painter Diego Rivera
Diego Rivera
Painter Frida Kahlo
Frida Kahlo
  • 1996 Former Tennessee Republican Senator Howard Baker (71) weds retired Kansas GOP Senator Nancy Kassebaum (64) in Washington, D.C.

Deaths in History

Person of interestPerson of Interest

43 BC Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher, killed as part of the proscriptions at 63

Roman Statesman & Philosopher Cicero
Roman Statesman & Philosopher
  • 283 Catholic Pope Saint Eutychian
  • 983 Otto II the Red, German king/emperor (973-83), dies at about 28
  • 1254 Innocent IV, [Sinibaldo dei Fieschi], Pope (1243-54), dies
  • 1279 King Boleslaus V of Poland (b. 1226)
  • 1295 Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, English politician (b. 1243)
  • 1383 Wenceslaus, duke of Brabant, dies
  • 1498 Alexander Hegius von Heek, German humanist
  • 1649 Charles Garnier, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1606)
  • 1672 Richard Bellingham, English-born Massachusetts colonial magistrate (b. 1592)
  • 1683 John Oldham, English poet, dies of smallpox at 30
  • 1723 Jan Santini Aichel, Bohemian architect (b. 1677)
  • 1775 Charles Saunders, British admiral
  • 1793 Joseph Bara, French revolutionary (b. 1780)
  • 1815 Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo), murdered at 46
  • 1817 William Bligh, British naval officer of "Bounty" fame, dies at 63
  • 1826 John Flaxman, Engl sculptor (tombs at St Paul's Cathedral), dies at 71
  • 1842 Thomas Hamilton, Scottish writer (b. 1789)
  • 1860 Constantine S Aksakov, Russian historian/poet, dies at 43
  • 1862 Sylvester Churchill, US Union brigadier general, dies
  • 1874 Constantin von Tischendorf, German biblical scholar (b. 1815)
  • 1881 Julius FA Bahnsen, German philosopher (Tragic as Weltgesetz), dies at 51
  • 1894 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French engineer/diplomat/earl, dies at 89

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902 Thomas Nast, US political cartoonist, dies at 62

Political Cartoonist Thomas Nast
Political Cartoonist
Thomas Nast
  • 1906 Élie Ducommun, Swiss journalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1833)
  • 1909 Whitcomb Judson, American inventor (zipper), dies at 63
  • 1912 George Darwin, theorized Moon was pulled out of Pacific Ocean, dies
  • 1913 Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman and last surviving cardinal of Pius IX (b. 1828)
  • 1941 Iida, Japanese pilot/lt, dies in battle at 28
  • 1941 Mervyn S. Bennion, United States Navy Captain, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1887)
  • 1941 Herbert C. Jones, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1918)
  • 1941 Thomas J. Reeves, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1895)
  • 1941 Franklin Van Valkenburgh, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1888)
  • 1947 Nicholas Murray Butler, American philosopher, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1931), educator (Columbia University President), dies at 85
  • 1947 Tristan Bernard, French playwright and novelist (b. 1866)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1970 Rube Goldberg, US cartoonist (Mike & Ike, Pulitzer 1948), dies at 87

Cartoonist Rube Goldberg
Rube Goldberg
  • 1970 Romaine Brooks (born Beatrice Romaine Goddard), American painter dies aged 96
  • 1971 Milton Rosmer, director (Murder in the Red Barn), dies at 90
  • 1972 Adrian J Zoetmulder, author (God's Hour), dies at 91
  • 1975 Thornton N Wilder, American writer (Bridge of San Luis Rey), dies at 78
  • 1977 Peter Carl Goldmark, German-Hungarian engineer (developed the LP record format), dies in a car accident at 77
  • 1978 Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist (b. 1886)
  • 1979 Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, British-American astronomer and astrophysicist who proposed that stars are composed largely of hydrogen and are not glowing balls of molten rock, dies at 79
  • 1979 Mari Andriessen, sculptor (Docker), Amsterdam, dies at 82
  • 1979 Nicolas Born, German writer, dies of cancer at 41
  • 1979 Prince Chahryar Shafik, Shah of Iran's nephew, murdered in Paris
  • 1982 Charlie Brooks Jr, convicted murderer became 1st US prisoner to be executed by lethal injection, at a prison in Huntsville, Texas
  • 1982 George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American Chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) but later opposed nuclear weapons, dies at 82
  • 1983 Edgar Graham, member of N Ireland Assembly, shot dead by IRA
  • 1985 Potter Stewart, 94th Supreme Court Justice (1958-81), dies in NH at 70
  • 1985 Robert Graves, English writer/poet (King Jesus), dies at 90
  • 1988 Andrei P Ershov, Russian computer pioneer, dies
  • 1988 Peter Langan, Irish restaurateur (Langans London), dies in fire
  • 1990 Horst Bienek, writer, dies at 60
  • 1990 Jean Paul Lemieux, Quebec painter (b. 1904)
  • 1992 Maurice Coutinho, writer/translator (Silent Struggle), dies at 79
  • 1992 Ruth Corbett Thom, dies after long illness at 78
  • 1993 Félix Houphouet-Boigny, President of Ivory Coast (1960-93), dies at 88
  • 1995 Larry Bartlett, photographer, dies at 42
  • 1995 Tom Burns, British-Chilean publisher and editor, dies at 89
  • 1996 Eugene Izzi, mystery writer, hangs himself at 43
  • 1996 Jose Donoso, Chilean writer (The Place Without Limits), dies at 72
  • 2000 Vladimir Gotovac, Croatian poet and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2001 Charles McClendon, LSU Tigers head football coach (b. 1923)
  • 2003 Carl F. H. Henry American theologian and publisher (b. 1913)
  • 2003 Azie Taylor Morton, Treasurer of the United States (b. 1936)
  • 2004 Jay Van Andel, co-founder and former chairman of Amway (b. 1924)
  • 2005 Lucy d'Abreu, was the oldest living person in the United Kingdom from April 2004 until her death (b. 1892)
  • 2005 Rigoberto Alpizar, airplane passenger fatally shot by U.S. Air Marshals after allegedly claiming he had placed a bomb aboard (b. 1961)
  • 2006 Jeane Kirkpatrick, American ambassador (b. 1926)
  • 2010 Elizabeth Edwards, American lawyer and wife of John Edwards (b. 1949)
  • 2012 Saul Steinberg, American businessman, founder of Leasco and CEO of Reliance Insurance Company, dies at 73