On This Day

On This Day in History for December 7

Events in History

  • 43 BC Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman orator and politician is assassinated in Formiae
  • 185 Emperor Lo-Yang, China sees supernova (MSH15-52)
  • 1354 Margaretha van Bavarian's son earl Willem V signs peace treaty
  • 1696 Connecticut Route 108, one of the oldest highways in the U.S. is completed to Trumbull.
  • 1703 Great storm of 1703 hits Southern England - thousands killed, Royal Navy losses 13 ships and around 1,500 seamen
  • 1703 The first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703
  • 1724 Tumult of Thorn - religious unrest was followed by the execution of nine Protestant citizens and the mayor of Thorn (Toruń) by Polish authorities.
  • 1741 Elisabeth Petrovna becomes tsarina of Russia
  • 1783 Theatre Royal opens in Covent Garden, London

USAConstitution of the United States

1787 Delaware is the 1st state to ratify the US constitution

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Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
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InventionScientific Discovery

1804 Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt reports his discovery of the decrease in intensity of Earth's magnetic field from the poles to the equator in a memoir to the Paris Institute

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1808 James Madison elected 4th US President and George Clinton Vice-President

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
US Vice President George Clinton
US Vice President
George Clinton
  • 1835 Bavarian Ludwig railway opens - first German steam railway

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1836 Martin Van Buren elected the 8th President of the United States

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • 1862 Battle of Hartsville, TN
  • 1862 Battle of Prairie Grove, AR

  • 1864 Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek/Cypress Swamp, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1872 HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise
  • 1875 Natives Sons of the West organized
  • 1876 NY Mutuals & Philadelphia A's expelled from NL for not completing sked

Historic InventionThomas Edison's Phonograph

1877 Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American"

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Thomas Edison with his second phonograph, photographed in 1878
Thomas Edison with his second phonograph, photographed in 1878
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  • 1885 49th Congress (1885-87) convenes
  • 1889 Gilbert & Sullivan's "Gondoliers" premieres in London
  • 1891 52nd US Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session
  • 1895 Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
  • 1900 Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, on the outskirts of Berlin, discovers the law of black body radiation.
  • 1902 Britain and Germany issue an ultimatum to Venezuela demanding that President Cipriano Castro pay claims for damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899
  • 1907 The First Egyptian Nationalist Congress meets under the leadership of Mustafa Kamil Pasha

InventionHistoric Invention

1909 Inventor Leo Baekeland patents the first thermo-setting plastic, Bakelite, sparking the birth of the plastics industry

Chemist Leo Baekeland
Chemist
Leo Baekeland
  • 1911 National Hockey Association forms with New Westminster, Vancouver & Victoria
  • 1912 Bust of Queen Nefertiti found in El-Amarna, Egypt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 David Lloyd George replaces resigning H. H. Asquith as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • 1917 US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 The USA's 42nd 'Rainbow' Division arrives in France (with Colonel Douglass MacArthur among its ranks)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1920 NSW make 802 against South Australia, then Mailey takes 8-81

  • 1920 USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
  • 1921 KWG-AM in Stockton CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1924 German election (Social Democrats win, Nazis & Communists lose)
  • 1925 Biltmore Theater opens at 261 W 47th St NYC
  • 1926 Gas refrigerator patented
  • 1932 1st gyro-stabilized vessel to cross Atlantic arrives in NY
  • 1934 Wiley Post discovers jet stream
  • 1937 Dutch Minister Romme proclaims married women are forbidden to work
  • 1938 Philip Barry's "Here Come the Clowns" premieres in NYC
  • 1938 W9XZY broadcasts facsimile of St Louis Post-Dispatch by radio
  • 1940 North Africa: British counter offensive under general O'Connor
  • 1940 The first prototype Fairey Barracuda flew
  • 1941 Australian bombers land on Timor/Ambon
  • 1941 German siege of Tobruk ends after 8 months

Sinking ShipAttack on Pearl Harbor

1941 Imperial Japanese Navy with 353 planes attack the US fleet at Pearl Harbor Naval Base, Hawaii, killing 2,403 people

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USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
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  • 1941 Nacht & Nebel Erlass, resistance fighter sent to concentration camps
  • 1941 1st Japanese midget submarine (No. 20) attacked by a US ship (USS Ward)
  • 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago
  • 1944 General Radescu forms Romanian government
  • 1946 Fire at Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, kills 119

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Israel's PM Ben-Gurion retires

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1954 Japanese government of Joshida resigns
  • 1956 Helen O'Connell joins Today Show panel
  • 1958 Romulo Betancourt elected President of Venezuela
  • 1960 Ivory Coast claims independence from France
  • 1962 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Ian Meckiff no-balled for throwing against the South Africans

BeatificationExcommunication

1965 Pope Paul VI & Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras I simultaneously lift mutual excommunications that led to split of 2 churches in 1054

Pope Paul VI
Pope
Paul VI
  • 1966 A fire at an army barracks in Erzurum, Turkey kills 68 people.
  • 1968 Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 launched into Earth orbit
  • 1968 Richard Dodd returns a library book his great grandfather took out in 1823 from the University of Cincinnati
  • 1970 Taizan Maezumi Roshi, head of LA Zen Center, receives dharma
  • 1970 West Germany & Poland normalize relations
  • 1971 "Wild & Wonderful" opens/closes at Lyceum Theater NYC
  • 1971 An off duty member of the Ulster Defence Regiment is shot dead by members of the Irish Republican Army in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland

Famous PhotoThe Blue Marble

1972 Apollo 17 launched, the final manned lunar landing mission where the crew takes the famous "blue marble" photo of the entire Earth

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The famous 'Blue Marble' photograph of the Earth taken by the crew of the Apollo 17
The famous 'Blue Marble' photograph of the Earth taken by the crew of the Apollo 17
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Philippine's first lady Imelda Marcos stabbed & wounded by an assailant

First Lady and Politician Imelda Marcos
First Lady and Politician
Imelda Marcos
  • 1975 10th Islander shut-out opponent-Glenn Resch 3-0 vs Sabres
  • 1975 Archbishop Makarios returns Cyprus
  • 1975 Indonesian army occupies East Timor
  • 1976 UN Security Council endorses Kurt Waldheim, Secretary-General for second 5 year term
  • 1977 Islander Billy Smith's 10th shut-out opponent-Black Hawks 4-0
  • 1981 Spain becomes a member of the NATO
  • 1982 Suriname army under Desi Bouterse fires on radio station building
  • 1982 In Texas, Charles Brooks, Jr. becomes the first person to be executed by lethal injection in the US.
  • 1982 Dos Erres massacre in Guatemala during country's civil war, 171 people killed led by Santos López Alonzo
  • 1983 2 jets collided at Madrid Airport killing 93
  • 1983 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1985 Atlantis (61-B) returns to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 President Jean-Claude Duvalier flees Haiti

Dictator and President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier
Dictator and President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier
  • 1987 43 die in Pacific Southwest Airline crash in California (man shot pilots)
  • 1987 Gorbachev arrives in US for a summit meeting
  • 1987 Palestinian uprising against Israel in West Bank

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 PLO delegation lead by Yasser Arafat proclaims the State of Palestine, recognizing the existence of the State of Israel for the first time

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 1988 6.9 earthquake in Spitak, Armenia kills 25,000-50,000 people and leaves up to 500,000 homeless
  • 1988 Gorbachev announces 10% unilateral Soviet troop reductions at UN

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Mikhail Gorbachev cheered by Wall St crowds upon arrival in NYC

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Iraqi Parliament endorses Saddam Hussein's decision to free hostages

Iraqi President and Dictator Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President and Dictator
Saddam Hussein
  • 1991 A J Kitt, US, wins World Skiing Cup
  • 1992 Galileo spacecraft passes North Pole of Moon (Peary Crater)
  • 1993 Henri Konan Bedie names himself President of Ivory coast
  • 1993 The Long Island Rail Road massacre: Passenger Colin Ferguson murders six people and injures 19 others on the LIRR in Nassau County, New York.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Radio personality Howard Stern talks a man out of attempting suicide

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern

Birthdays in History

  • 521 Saint Columba, Irish Christian missionary to Scotland, born in Gartan, Ireland (d. 597)
  • 903 Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi, Persian astronomer, born in Rey, Buyid Persia (d. 986)
  • 967 Abū-Sa'īd Abul-Khayr, Persian mystic and poet, born in Mihne, Greater Khorasan (d. 1049)
  • 1302 Azzone Visconti, Lord of Milan (1329-39), born in Ferrara, Italy (d. 1339)
  • 1545 Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, King consort of Mary, Queen of Scots, born in Temple Newsam, Yorkshire, England (d. 1567)
  • 1561 Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese daimyō of the Azuchi–Momoyama period through early Edo period (d. 1625)

Person of interestGian Lorenzo Bernini

1598 Gian Lorenzo [Giovanni] Bernini, Italian baroque sculptor (St Teresa in Ecstasy), painter and architect, born in Naples, Italy (d. 1680)

Baroque Sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Baroque Sculptor
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
  • 1627 Louise Henriette, daughter of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1667)
  • 1731 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron, French scholar and interpreter, born in Paris (d. 1805)
  • 1751 Jurriaan François de Friderici, governor-general of Suriname, born in Cape of Good Hope, Cape Town, South Africa (d. 1812)
  • 1754 Jack Jouett, American politician and patriot (warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1822)

Person of interestMadame Tussaud

1761 Marie Tussaud, French founder of Madame Tussaud's wax museum, born in Strasbourg (d. 1850)

Wax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud
Wax Museum Creator
Madame Tussaud
  • 1764 Claude Victor-Perrin, Duc de Belluno, French marshal, born in Lamarche, France (d. 1841)
  • 1784 Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author, born in Keir, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland (d. 1842)
  • 1803 Maria Josepha of Saxony, Queen consort of Spain, born in Dresden Castle, Dresden, Saxony (d. 1829)
  • 1808 Hugh McCulloch, US Treasury Secretary (1884-85, 85-69), born in Kennebunk, Maine (d. 1895)
  • 1810 Theodor Schwann, German physiologist and co-originator of cell theory, born in Neuss, Germany (d. 1882)
  • 1810 Josef Hyrtl, Austrian anatomist, born in Eisenstadt, Austria (d. 1894)
  • 1823 Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker), born in Liegnitz, Province of Silesia, Prussia (d. 1891)
  • 1830 Luigi Cremona, Italian mathematician (grafostatica), born in Pavia, Italy (d. 1903)
  • 1839 Redvers Buller, English general and recipient of the Victoria Cross, born in Crediton, Devon (d. 1908)
  • 1842 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist and sociologist (schedelmetingen), born in Karlsruhe, Baden (d. 1916)
  • 1847 Solomon Schechter, Moldavian-American Talmudic scholar and rabbi, born in Focşani, Moldavia (d. 1915)
  • 1860 Joseph Cook, 6th Prime Minister of Australia, born in Silverdale, Staffordshire, England (d. 1947)
  • 1862 Paul Adam, French writer (La Bataille d'Uhde), born in Paris (d. 1920)
  • 1863 Svetolik Ranković, Serbian writer (Forest King), born in Velika Moštanica, Principality of Serbia (d. 1899)
  • 1863 Felix Calonder, Swiss politician (Free Democratic Party), born in Scuol, Switzerland
  • 1872 Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1873 Willa Cather, American author (My Ántonia), born in Winchester, Virginia (d. 1947)
  • 1878 Akiko Yosano, Japanese poet (Tangled Hair), born in Sakai, Ōsaka, Japan (d. 1942)
  • 1888 Hamilton Fish III, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Garrison, New York (d. 1991)
  • 1888 Joyce Cary, Anglo-Irish writer (House of Children), born in Londonderry, Ireland (d. 1957)
  • 1888 Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun, 1st President of American Newspaper Guild
  • 1892 Stuart Davis, American modernist painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1964)
  • 1901 Tony Pugsley, British rear-admiral (Walcheren attack (1944)) (d. 1990)
  • 1903 Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician, born in Osijek, Austria-Hungary (d. 1987)
  • 1904 Clarence Nash, American voice actor (Donald Duck), born in Watonga, Oklahoma (d. 1985)
  • 1905 Gerard Kuiper, Dutch-American astronomer (moons of Uranus, Neptune), born in Tuitjenhorn, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • 1908 Jacques Gans, Dutch author and journalist, born in Hilversum, Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • 1909 Jacob Kainen, American painter and curator, born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 2001)
  • 1909 Arch Oboler, American director, screen and radio writer, and producer (Lights Out, Bwana Devil), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1987)
  • 1915 Leigh Brackett, American sci-fi author (Ginger Star), Los Angeles, California (d. 1978)
  • 1916 Jean Carignan, French Canadian fiddler, born in Lévis, Quebec (d. 1988)
  • 1920 Tatamkhulu Afrika, South African poet and writer, born in As Sallum, Egypt (d. 2002)
  • 1921 Pramukh Swami Maharaj, Indian Hindu spiritual leader (BAPS), born in Chansad, Gujarat (d. 2016)

Person of interestMário Soares

1924 Mário Soares, 17th President of Portugal (1986-96) and Prime Minister (1976-78 and 1983-85), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 2017)

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares

Person of interestNoam Chomsky

1928 Noam Chomsky, American linguist (founded transformational grammar), philosopher and political activist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Linguist and Author Noam Chomsky
Linguist and Author
Noam Chomsky
  • 1932 Paul Caponigro, American photographer, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1936 Martha Layne Collins, American businesswoman and politician (56th Governor of Kentucky), born in Bagdad, Kentucky
  • 1937 Thad Cochran, American politician (U.S. Senator from Mississippi), born in Pontotoc, Mississippi (d. 2019)
  • 1943 Göran Lennmarker, Swedish politician, born in Norberg, Västmanland County, Sweden
  • 1943 Bernard C. Parks, American politician and Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department, born in Beaumont, Texas
  • 1943 James Tate, American poet (Pulitzer Prize 1992), born in Kansas City Missouri (d. 2015)
  • 1944 Jamiel Chagra, American drug trafficker, born in El Paso, Texas (d. 2008)
  • 1947 Mino Reitano, Italian entertainer, born in Fiumara, Italy (d. 2009)
  • 1952 Susan Collins, American politician (U.S. Senator from Maine), born in Caribou, Maine
  • 1954 Bertín Osborne, Italian entertainer, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1954 Gianfranco Jannuzzo, Italian entertainer, born in Agrigento, Italy
  • 1954 Mark Hofmann, American forger, bomber and convicted murderer, born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1955 John Watkins, Australian politician (Deputy Premier of New South Wales), born in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • 1957 Tom Winsor, British lawyer and economic regulator, born in Broughty Ferry, Dundee, Scotland
  • 1974 Kang Full, South Korean webcomic artist, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • 1975 Nikola Wapzarow, Bulgarian poet and writer, born in Bansko, Bulgaria
  • 1978 Chad Dukes, American radio personality, born in Alexandria, Virginia
  • 2003 Princess Catharina-Amalia of the Netherlands, eldest child of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima, born in HMC Bronovo, The Hague, Netherlands

Weddings in History

  • 1646 Princess Louise Henriette (19) of Nassau marries Frederick Henry Elector of Brandenburg

LoveWedding of Interest

1929 Nizari Imam Aga Khan III (52) weds Andrée Joséphine Carron in Aix-les-Bains, France

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III

LoveWedding of Interest

1940 Mexican painters Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo remarry in San Francisco (divorced 1939)

Painter Diego Rivera
Painter
Diego Rivera
Painter Frida Kahlo
Painter
Frida Kahlo
  • 1996 Former Tennessee Republican Senator Howard Baker (71) weds retired Kansas GOP Senator Nancy Kassebaum (64) in Washington, D.C.

Deaths in History


Person of interestCicero

43 BC Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher, killed as part of the proscriptions at 63

Roman Statesman & Philosopher Cicero
Roman Statesman & Philosopher
Cicero
  • 283 Catholic Pope Saint Eutychian
  • 983 Otto II the Red, German king/emperor (973-83), dies at about 28
  • 1254 Innocent IV, [Sinibaldo dei Fieschi], Pope (1243-54), dies
  • 1279 Bolesław V the Chaste, High Duke of Poland (1243-79), dies at 53
  • 1295 Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, English politician (b. 1243)
  • 1383 Wenceslaus, duke of Brabant, dies
  • 1498 Alexander Hegius von Heek, German humanist
  • 1649 Charles Garnier, French Jesuit missionary in New France, killed at 43
  • 1672 Richard Bellingham, English-born Massachusetts colonial magistrate (b. 1592)
  • 1683 John Oldham, English satirical poet, dies of smallpox at 30
  • 1723 Jan Santini Aichel, Bohemian architect (b. 1677)
  • 1775 Charles Saunders, British admiral, First Lord of the Admiralty, dies at about 60
  • 1793 Joseph Bara, French revolutionary (b. 1780)
  • 1815 Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo), murdered at 46

Person of interestWilliam Bligh

1817 William Bligh, British naval officer of "HMS Bounty" fame, dies at 63

Naval Commander William Bligh
Naval Commander
William Bligh
  • 1826 John Flaxman, Engl sculptor (tombs at St Paul's Cathedral), dies at 71
  • 1842 Thomas Hamilton, Scottish writer (b. 1789)
  • 1860 Konstantin Sergeyevich Aksakov, Russian historian and poet, dies at 43
  • 1862 Sylvester Churchill, US Union brigadier general, dies
  • 1874 Constantin von Tischendorf, German biblical scholar (b. 1815)
  • 1877 Benjamin Huger, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 72
  • 1879 Jón Sigurðsson, Icelandic independence fighter and Icelandic historian, dies at 68
  • 1881 Julius FA Bahnsen, German philosopher (Tragic as Weltgesetz), dies at 51
  • 1894 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat (built Suez Canal), dies at 89

Person of interestThomas Nast

1902 Thomas Nast, German-American caricaturist and political cartoonist of late 1800s America, dies of yellow fever at 62

Political Cartoonist Thomas Nast
Political Cartoonist
Thomas Nast
  • 1906 Élie Ducommun, Swiss journalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1833)
  • 1909 Whitcomb Judson, American inventor (zipper), dies at 63
  • 1911 William Griggs, English inventor (photo chromo lithography), dies at 79
  • 1912 George Darwin, theorized Moon was pulled out of Pacific Ocean, dies
  • 1913 Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman and last surviving cardinal of Pius IX, dies at 85
  • 1941 Iida, Japanese pilot/lt, dies in battle at 28
  • 1941 Mervyn S. Bennion, United States Navy Captain, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1887)
  • 1941 Herbert C. Jones, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1918)
  • 1941 Thomas J. Reeves, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1895)
  • 1941 Franklin Van Valkenburgh, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1888)
  • 1947 Nicholas Murray Butler, American philosopher, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1931), educator (Columbia University President), dies at 85
  • 1947 Tristan Bernard, French playwright and novelist, dies at 81

Person of interestRube Goldberg

1970 Rube Goldberg, American cartoonist who made the easy outrageously difficult (Pulitzer Prize 1948, dies of cancer at 87

Cartoonist Rube Goldberg
Cartoonist
Rube Goldberg
  • 1970 Romaine Brooks [Beatrice Romaine Goddard], American painter, dies at 96
  • 1971 Milton Rosmer, British director (Murder in the Red Barn), dies at 90
  • 1975 Thornton Wilder, American playwright and writer (Bridge of San Luis Rey), dies at 78
  • 1977 Peter Carl Goldmark, German-Hungarian engineer (developed the LP record format), dies in a car accident at 77
  • 1978 Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist (b. 1886)
  • 1979 Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, British-American astronomer and astrophysicist who proposed that stars are composed largely of hydrogen and are not glowing balls of molten rock, dies at 79
  • 1979 Mari Andriessen, Dutch sculptor (Docker), dies at 82
  • 1979 Nicolas Born, German writer, dies of cancer at 41
  • 1979 Prince Chahryar Shafik, Shah of Iran's nephew, murdered in Paris
  • 1982 Charlie Brooks Jr, convicted murderer became 1st US prisoner to be executed by lethal injection, at a prison in Huntsville, Texas
  • 1982 George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project) but later opposed nuclear weapons, dies at 82
  • 1983 Edgar Graham, member of N Ireland Assembly, shot dead by IRA
  • 1985 Potter Stewart, 94th Supreme Court Justice (1958-81), dies in NH at 70
  • 1985 Robert Graves, English writer and poet (King Jesus), dies at 90
  • 1988 Andrei P Ershov, Russian computer pioneer, dies
  • 1988 Peter Langan, Irish restaurateur (Langans London), dies in fire
  • 1990 Jean Paul Lemieux, Canadian painter, dies at 86
  • 1990 Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet and novelist (Pentagonia), dies at 47
  • 1992 Maurice Coutinho, writer/translator (Silent Struggle), dies at 79
  • 1992 Ruth Corbett Thom, dies after long illness at 78
  • 1993 Félix Houphouet-Boigny, President of Ivory Coast (1960-93), dies at 88
  • 1995 Larry Bartlett, photographer, dies at 42
  • 1995 Tom Burns, British-Chilean publisher and editor, dies at 89
  • 1996 Eugene Izzi, mystery writer, hangs himself at 43
  • 1996 Jose Donoso, Chilean writer (The Place Without Limits), dies at 72
  • 2000 Vladimir Gotovac, Croatian poet and politician (b. 1930)
  • 2001 Charles McClendon, LSU Tigers head football coach (b. 1923)
  • 2003 Carl F. H. Henry American theologian and publisher (b. 1913)
  • 2003 Azie Taylor Morton, Treasurer of the United States (b. 1936)
  • 2003 Joe Skeen, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Mexico), dies at 76
  • 2004 Jay Van Andel, co-founder and former chairman of Amway (b. 1924)
  • 2005 Lucy d'Abreu, was the oldest living person in the United Kingdom from April 2004 until her death (b. 1892)
  • 2005 Rigoberto Alpizar, airplane passenger fatally shot by U.S. Air Marshals after allegedly claiming he had placed a bomb aboard (b. 1961)
  • 2006 Jeane Kirkpatrick, American ambassador (b. 1926)
  • 2010 Elizabeth Edwards, American lawyer and wife of John Edwards (b. 1949)
  • 2012 Saul Steinberg, American businessman, founder of Leasco and CEO of Reliance Insurance Company, dies at 73
  • 2018 Belisario Betancur, Colombian politician, President of Colombia (1982-86), dies at 95