On This Day

On This Day in History for December 9

Events in History

  • 536 Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire
  • 656 Battle of Kameel: Kalief Al ibn Abu Talib beats rebellion
  • 1212 Frederick II (later also Holy Roman Emperor) crowned King of Germany in Mainz
  • 1315 Swiss Woudsteden renews Eternal Covenant (Oath Society)
  • 1425 Pope Martinus V forms University of Leuven
  • 1570 The Geuzen (a confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under Herman de Ruyter occupies Loevestein
  • 1625 Netherlands & England sign military treaty
  • 1640 Settler Hugh Bewitt banished from Mass colony when he declares himself to be free of original sin
  • 1658 Dutch troops occupy harbor city Quilon (Coilan) India
  • 1688 King James II's wife & son flee England for France
  • 1724 Colley Cibber's play "Caesar in Egypt" premieres in London
  • 1738 Jews are expelled from Breslau Silesia
  • 1747 Great Britain & Netherlands sign military treaty
  • 1762 British parliament accepts Treaty of Paris
  • 1783 First execution at Newgate Jail in London (now the site of the Central Criminal Court aka the Old Bailey), relocated from Tyburn (now the site of Marble Arch)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1793 Noah Webster establishes New York's 1st daily newspaper, the "American Minerva"

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Lexicographer
Noah Webster

  • 1805 Comet 3D/1805 V1 (Biela) approaches within 0.0366 AUs of Earth
  • 1824 Battle of Ayacucho (Candorcangui), Peru defeats Spain
  • 1851 1st Young Men's Christian Association in North America set up in Montreal

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1854 Alfred Tennyson's poem "Charge of the Light Brigade" is published in "The Examiner"

  • 1856 The Iranian city of Bushehr surrenders to occupying British forces.
  • 1861 Battle of Bird Creek, Indian Terr (High Shoal, Chusto-Talasah)
  • 1861 American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1868 1st British government of Gladstone forms

UKPalace of Westminster

1868 The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.

Learn More
The Palace of Westminster, London
The Palace of Westminster, London
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  • 1869 Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
  • 1878 Joseph Pulitzer buys St Louis Dispatch for $2,500
  • 1883 New Brunswick adopts Eastern Standard Time (until 1902)
  • 1884 Levant Richardson patents ball-bearing skate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 US President Benjamin Harrison dedicates the Chicago Auditorium, designed by Louis Sullivan and Dankmar Adler, then largest building in the US

Architect and Father of Skyscrapers Louis Sullivan
Architect and Father of Skyscrapers
Louis Sullivan
23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • 1894 Roman Catholics win Parliamentary election in Belgium
  • 1897 Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde in Paris.
  • 1899 Boer War: During Siege of Ladysmith, Boers storm King's Post and Caesar's Camp - driven back
  • 1900 President Paul Kruger of South Africa's Transvaal & Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands have a triumphant procession
  • 1902 AL announces purchase of grounds for a stadium in NY
  • 1903 Norwegian parliament votes unanimiously for female suffrage

  • 1905 French Assembly National votes for separation of church & state
  • 1906 NY American reports Belgian King Leopold II bribed US Senate commission on the Congo
  • 1907 First Christmas Seals sold (Wilmington, Delaware, post office)
  • 1907 Gustav Mahler departs Vienna
  • 1908 The German Reichstag adopts a progressive social law restricting hours of factory work by young people and women
  • 1909 1st US monoplane flown (Henry W Walden, Long Island, NY)
  • 1910 French troops occupy the Moroccan harbor city of Agadir
  • 1917 British forces under General Allenby capture Jerusalem
  • 1918 French troops occupies Mainz
  • 1922 Gabriel Narutowicz elected Polish president
  • 1924 Netherlands & Hungary trade treaty signed
  • 1924 Michael Hainisch re-elected Austrian president
  • 1925 AL extends Ban Johnson's contract to 1935 & raise to $40,000
  • 1925 Pro football a hit in NYC; Grange & Bears beat Giants before 73,000
  • 1931 Benn W Levy's "Springtime for Henry" premieres in NYC
  • 1931 Japanese army attacks Chinese province of Jehol
  • 1931 Spain becomes a republic
  • 1933 Romania prohibits fascist Iron Guard
  • 1935 Walter Liggett American newspaper editor and muckraker killed in gangland murder.
  • 1939 Russian air raid on Helsinki
  • 1940 British assault on Benghazi, Libya: first major allied offensive in North Africa
  • 1940 Illegal Jewish immigrants to Haifa are deported to Mauritius
  • 1940 South Australia all out for 47 v NSW, O'Reilly 5-11
  • 1941 1st US WW II bombing mission in Far East, Luzon, Philippines

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 300 Montgomery, San Francisco opens as new Bank of America HQ

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • 1941 China declares war on Japan, Germany & Italy
  • 1941 Citizen Register reports "Hostile planes reported nearing Westchester"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Adolf Hitler orders US ships to be torpedoed

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1948 UN General Assembly unanimously approves Convention on Genocide
  • 1949 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Indonesian sovereignty
  • 1951 West German voters approve merger of 3 states to form Baden-Wurttemberg
  • 1953 General Electric announces all Communist employees will be fired
  • 1957 1st Japanese ambassador to Israel
  • 1958 Robert H W Welch Jr & 11 other men meet in Indianapolis to form anti-Communist John Birch Society
  • 1961 Tanganyika gains independence from Britain, takes name Tanzania
  • 1962 "I Can Get It For You Wholesale" closes on Broadway
  • 1962 Tanganyika becomes a republic within British Commonwealth
  • 1965 Nikolai Podgorny replaces Anastas Mikoyan as president of Soviet Praesidium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Nicolae Ceaușescu becomes President of Romania (overthrown 1989)

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1968 NLS (a system for which hypertext and the computer mouse were developed) is publicly demonstrated for the first time in San Francisco.
  • 1968 The Derry Citizen's Action Committee (DCAC) calls for a halt to all marches and protests for a period of one month
  • 1970 Dutch Antilles: government of Petronia falls
  • 1970 OPEC meeting in Caracas establishes 55 percent as minimum tax rate and demands that posted prices be changed to reflect changes in foreign exchange rates
  • 1971 Lewis F. Powell Jr. appointed to US Supreme Court
  • 1973 Sunningdale Agreement in Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Arab oil ministers announce a further production cut of 5 percent for January for non-friendly countries
  • 1974 Dow Jones index hits 570.01
  • 1974 Jack Brisco beats Giant Baba in Tokyo, to become NWA wrestling champ
  • 1974 Johnson Grigsby freed after 66 years in jail in Indiana
  • 1975 Yelena Bonner accepts Soviet dissident Andrei Sacharov's Nobel Prize in Oslo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 US President Gerald Ford signs $2.3 Bn loan authorization for NYC

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1975 Iraq completes nationalization by taking over the BP, CFP, and Shell shares of the Basrah Petroleum Company
  • 1978 Pioneer Venus 2 drops 5 probes into atmosphere of Venus
  • 1980 61°F in Boston at 1 AM
  • 1981 Porn star John Holmes charged with Laurel Canyon murders
  • 1983 Counselor to Ronald Regan, Edwin Meese says people go to soup kitchens "...because food is free & that's easier than paying for it"
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1984 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1984 Iranian commandos end day hijack of Kuwaiti plane
  • 1985 Phoenix, Arizona, gets 3" of snow
  • 1987 Palestine uprising begin in Israeli-occupied West Bank
  • 1988 The Michael Hughes Bridge in Sligo, Ireland is officially opened.
  • 1990 Gunda Niemann skates ladies world record 3k ladies (4:10.80)
  • 1990 Houston scores most points against Cleveland, Oilers 58, Browns 14

Birthdays in History

  • 1392 Peter, Duke of Coimbra and writer (Virtuosa Benfeitoria), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1449)
  • 1447 Chenghua, Emperor of China, born in Beijing, China (d. 1487)
  • 1561 Edwin Sandys, English politician (leading Parliamentary opponent of King James I of England) and a founder of Virginia colony, born in Worcestershire, England (d. 1629)
  • 1571 Adrian Metius, Dutch astronomer and fort architect, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1635)
  • 1579 Martinus de Porres, Peruvian saint (patron of social justice), born in Lima, Viceroyalty of Peru (d. 1639)
  • 1581 Emilia Secunda Antwerpiana, 6th and youngest daughter of Willem of Orange, born in Antwerp (d. 1657)
  • 1594 Gustavus II Adolphus, King who made Sweden a major power (1611-32), born in Castle Tre Kronor, Sweden (d. 1632)

Person of interestJohn Milton

1608 John Milton, English poet and puritan (Paradise Lost), born in London, England (d. 1674)

  • 1652 Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician and botanist, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1723)
  • 1667 William Whiston, English Anglican priest and mathematician, born in Norton, Leicestershire, England (d. 1752)
  • 1717 Johann Winckelmann, German archaeologist (History of Ancient Art), born in Stendal, Prussia (d. 1768)
  • 1742 Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Swedish pharmacist and chemist (lemon acid), born in Stralsund, Swedish Pomerania (d. 1786)
  • 1748 Claude-Louis Berthollet, French chemist, born in Talloires, Savoy, France (d. 1822)
  • 1751 Maria Luisa of Parma, Queen of Charles IV of Spain, born in Parma (d. 1819)
  • 1787 John Dobson, English architect, born in High Chirton, North Shields, England (d. 1865)
  • 1806 Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote, born in Lachine, Canada (d. 1838)
  • 1842 Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin, Russian activist and anarchist, born in Moscow (d. 1921)
  • 1848 Joel Chandler Harris, American writer (created Uncle Remus stories), born in Eatonton, Georgia (d. 1908)
  • 1868 Fritz Haber, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1918), born in Breslau, Prussia (d. 1934)
  • 1873 Antoine Pompe, Belgian architect, born in Brussels (d. 1980)
  • 1883 Alexander Papagos, Greek fieldmarshal and supreme commander, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1955)
  • 1883 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician, born in Irkutsk, Russian Empire (d. 1950)

Person of interestClarence Birdseye

1886 Clarence Birdseye, American inventor and founder of the modern frozen food industry (Birdseye), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1956)

  • 1888 Mabel Stark, American tiger trainer "crazy Mabel", born in Tennessee or Kentucky (d. 1968)
  • 1891 Maksim Bahdanovič, Belarusian poet, born in Minsk, Minsk Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1917)
  • 1898 Emmett Kelly, American circus clown (Weary Willie), born in Sedan, Kansas (d. 1979)
  • 1899 Jean de Brunhoff, French children's book author (Babar the Elephant), born in Paris (d. 1937)
  • 1899 Léonie Adams, American poetess (Those not elected), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1988)
  • 1900 Albert Weisbord, American labor organizer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • 1901 Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian writer (A Child of Our Time), born in Sušak, Rijeka, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1901 Jean Mermoz, French pilot, born in Aubenton, Aisne, France (d. 1936)
  • 1902 Richard A Butler, England, Dutch min of Finance/Foreign affairs
  • 1904 Roger Wolcott Sperry, physicist

Person of interestGrace Hopper

1906 Grace Hopper, American computer scientist and US Navy admiral who invented the first compiler for a universal computer programming language and is credited with coining the phrase 'debugging’, born in NYC, New York (d. 1992)

Computer Scientist and Admiral Grace Hopper
Computer Scientist and Admiral
Grace Hopper
  • 1907 Noel Walton Bott, engineer
  • 1910 Dick Elffers, Dutch graphic artist/painter (Holland Festival)
  • 1910 Stephen Jurika Jr, US pilot/capt (WW II, Santa Cruz, Navy Cross)
  • 1911 Ryūzō Sejima, Japanese army officer and educator, born in Toyama, Japan (d. 2007)
  • 1912 Tip O'Neill, American politician and 47th speaker of the house (D-Ma: 1977-86), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Max Manus, Norwegian resistance fighter and author who specialized in sabotage during World War II, born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1996)
  • 1915 Herbert Huncke, American writer and poet, born in Greenfield, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Wolfgang Hildesheimer, German-Swiss architect and writer (Mozart biog), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1991)
  • 1917 James Angleton, Head of counterintelligence for the CIA (1954-75), born in Boise, Idaho (d. 1987)
  • 1917 James Rainwater, American physicist (Nobel 1975-determining the asymmetrical shapes of certain atomic nuclei), born in Council, Idaho (d. 1986)
  • 1918 Jerome Beatty Jr., American author of children's literature (Matthew and Maria Looney books), born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1919 William Lipscomb, American chemist working in nuclear magnetic resonance, theoretical chemistry, boron chemistry, and biochemistry (Nobel 1976), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2011)
  • 1920 Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, Italian President (1999-2006) and Prime Minister (1993-94), born in Livorno (d. 2016)
  • 1926 Henry Way Kendall, American physicist (Nobel 1990-pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1999)
  • 1926 Jan Křesadlo, Czech-British psychologist and writer, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 1995)
  • 1927 Helmut Maucher, German businessman, CEO of Nestlé (1990-97), born in Eisenharz, Germany (d. 2018)

Person of interestBob Hawke

1929 Bob Hawke, Australian politician and 23rd Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1983-91), born in Bordertown, South Australia (d. 2019)

23rd Prime Minister of Australia Bob Hawke
23rd Prime Minister of Australia
Bob Hawke
  • 1935 Dominico Tromp, Aruba, stage leader
  • 1938 Rina Venter, South African Minister of National Health and Population Development (1989-94)
  • 1939 Patricia Stephens Due, African-American civil rights activist (FAMU jail-in), born in Quincy, Florida (d. 2012)
  • 1942 Joe McGinniss, American author (The Selling of the President 1968), born in Rye, New York (d. 2014)
  • 1944 Ki Longfellow, American novelist (The Secret Magdalene), born in Staten Island, New York
  • 1944 Bob O'Connor, American politician (58th Mayor of Pittsburgh), born in Greenfield Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2006)
  • 1946 Sonia Gandhi, Italian-born Indian politician (President of the Indian National Congress 1998-2017), born in Lusiana, Veneto, Italy
  • 1947 Tom Daschle, American politician (U.S. Senator from South Dakota), born in Aberdeen, South Dakota
  • 1947 Jaak Jõerüüt, Soviet-born Estonian politician (Minister of Defence 2004-05), born in Tallinn, Estonia
  • 1949 Nando Parrado, Uruguayan survivor of Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 (crashed in the Andes mountains on 13 October 1972), born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1954 Jean-Claude Juncker, Luxembourg politician, President of the European Commission (2014-), born in Redange, Luxembourg
  • 1960 Dobroslav Paraga, Croatian politician and editor, born in Zagreb, FPR Yugoslavia
  • 1963 Empress Masako, Empress of Japan as wife and consort of Naruhito, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1965 Vecepia Towery, American Survivor contestant
  • 1966 Kirsten Gillibrand, American attorney and politician (Senator (D) NY 2009-), born in Albany, New York
  • 1969 André Heinz, American environmentalist and son of Senator Henry John Heinz III and Teresa Heinz

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

1883 Poet Rabindranath Tagore (22) weds Mrinalini Devi in an arranged marriage

LoveWedding of Interest

1956 Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Fraser (26) weds Tamie Beggs (20)

Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Fraser
Prime Minister of Australia
Malcolm Fraser
  • 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson's daughter Lynda marries in the White House

LoveWedding of Interest

1983 Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany Willy Brandt weds Brigitte Seebacher

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1929 Businessman Howard Hughes divorces 1st wife Ella Rice after 4 years of marriage

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1937 Writer Walter Lippmann (48) divorces first wife Faye Albertson after 20 years of marriage

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann

Deaths in History

  • 1165 Malcolm IV of Scotland, nicknamed Virgo "the Maiden", King of Scots (1153-65), dies of poor health at 24
  • 1292 Sa'di, great Persian poet (Orchard, Rose Garden), dies
  • 1437 Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor (1410-37), dies at 70
  • 1544 Teofilo Folengo, Italian macaronic poet, dies at 53
  • 1565 Pius IV [Gianangelo de' Medici], Italian lawyer and Pope (1559-65), dies at 66
  • 1603 William Watson, English conspirator (b. 1559)
  • 1625 Ubbo Emmius [van Embden], Dutch-Frisian humanist and historian, dies at 78
  • 1636 Giovanni B Aleotti, Italian writer/theater architect, dies at about 90
  • 1636 Fabian Birkowski, Polish writer (b. 1566)
  • 1640 Pierre Fourier, Roman Catholic saint and French priest (b.1565)
  • 1641 Anthony van Dyck, Flemish painter, dies at 42
  • 1669 Clement IX [Giulio Rospigliosi], Italian Pope (238th: 1667-69), dies allegedly of broken heart at 69
  • 1674 Edward Hyde 1st earl of Clarendon, English PM (1660-67), dies at 65
  • 1706 Pedro II, King of Portugal (1683-1706), dies at 58
  • 1718 Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopedist, dies at 68
  • 1767 Benedetto Alfieri, Italian architect (San Giovanni Battista), dies
  • 1793 Yolande de Polastron, Duchess de Polignac, French aristocrat, dies at 44
  • 1798 Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (naturalist on James Cook's second Pacific voyage), dies at 69
  • 1819 Ann C Coleman, fiancee of President Buchanan, commits suicide
  • 1830 Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (research work in malacology), dies at 73
  • 1854 Almeida Garrett, Portuguese writer (b. 1799)
  • 1858 Robert Baldwin, Canadian politician (b. 1804)
  • 1887 Mahmadu Lamine, Senegalese marabout and military leader
  • 1908 William Harvey Carney, American Civil War soldier (first African-American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor), dies of injuries sustained in an elevator accident at 68
  • 1916 P Paul Leroy-Beaulieu, French economist (Economist France), dies at 73
  • 1916 Natsume Sōseki, Japanese novelist (b. 1867)
  • 1935 Walter Liggett, American crusading newspaper editor and muckraker (b. 1886)

Person of interestGustaf Dalén

1937 [Nils] Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and industrialist (AGA, Nobel Prize in Physics 1912), dies at 68

Industrialist and Inventor Gustaf Dalén
Industrialist and Inventor
Gustaf Dalén
  • 1938 Johannes van Laar, Dutch chemist (thermodynamics), dies at 78
  • 1940 Maletti, Italian general, dies in battle
  • 1941 Leonard "Leo" Polak, Dutch philosopher, dies in Sachsenhausen at 61
  • 1941 Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian writer and philosopher (b. 1865)
  • 1955 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, dies at 70
  • 1959 Walter Compton, news anchor (DuMont Evening News), dies at 47
  • 1964 Edith Sitwell, English poet and author (Wheels), dies at 77
  • 1967 Charles Léon Hammes, Luxembourgian lawyer and President of the European Court of Justice (b. 1898)
  • 1970 Artem Mikoyan, Russian aircraft designer (MIG), dies at 65
  • 1970 Sir Feroz Khan Noon, Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1893)

Person of interestRalph Bunche

1971 Ralph Bunche, American UN delegate, first person of color to win Nobel Peace Prize winner (1950), dies at 67

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • 1971 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor, dies at 97
  • 1972 Louella Parsons, American gossip columnist, dies at 91
  • 1975 William A Wellman, American director (Ox Bow Incident), dies at 79
  • 1975 Esdras Minville, Quebec writer, economist and sociologist, dies at 79
  • 1977 Clarice Lispector, Ukrainian-Brazilian writer (Laços de Família), dies at 56
  • 1981 Daniel Faulkner, Philadelphia police officer (b. 1955)
  • 1982 Fritz Usinger, German writer (Song against Death), dies at 87
  • 1982 Leon Jaworski, American Watergate scandal special prosecutor, dies at 77
  • 1993 Muhammad Reza Golpayegani, ayatollah of Iran, dies
  • 1994 Max Bill, Swiss painter/sculptor/politician, dies at 85
  • 1995 Benny Lee, entertainer, dies at 84
  • 1995 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan, American aviator, dies at 88
  • 1995 Hugh Armstrong Clegg, English industrial relations academic, dies at 75
  • 1995 Vitali Viktorovich Savitsky, biologist/politician, dies at 40
  • 1996 Alain Poher, French politician and President of the European Parliament (1966-69), dies at 87
  • 1996 Anne Bolt, photo-journalist and trade unionist, dies at 84
  • 1996 Ivor Roberts-Jones, British sculptor (known for sculpted heads of Yehudi Menuhin and George Thomas), dies at 83
  • 1996 Mary Leakey, British archaeologist and anthropologist, discovered earliest human footprints (3.6 million years old), dies at 83
  • 1996 Raphael Samuel, British Marxist historian, dies at 61
  • 1998 Shaughnessy Cohen, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
  • 2001 Michael Carver, British soldier (b. 1915)
  • 2002 Ian Hornak, American Painter, Draughtsman and Sculptor (b. 1944)
  • 2002 Stan Rice, American painter, educator, and poet (b. 1942)
  • 2003 Paul Simon, U.S. Senator from Illinois (b. 1928)
  • 2004 David Brudnoy, American radio personality (b. 1940)
  • 2005 Robert Sheckley, American sci-fi author (10th Victim, Mindswap), dies at 77
  • 2007 Thore Skogman, Swedish entertainer, dies at 76
  • 2008 Yury Glazkov, Soviet Air Force officer and cosmonaut (Soyuz 24), dies at 69
  • 2010 Dov Shilansky, Israeli politician (b. 1924)
  • 2010 John du Pont, American member of the Du Pont family and convicted murderer (b. 1938)
  • 2012 Sir Patrick Moore, English amateur astronomer and author, dies from an infection at 89
  • 2012 Norman Joseph Woodland, American inventor (barcode), dies at 91
  • 2018 Riccardo Giacconi, Italian American astrophysicist, Nobel Prize for Physics 2002 for X-ray astronomy, dies at 87