On This Day

On This Day in History for February 11

Events in History

  • 660 BC Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu

RomanRoman Empire

55 Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor
  • 385 Siricius, bishop of Tarragona, elected as Bishop of Rome; first to style himself Pope
  • 824 St Paschal I ends his reign as Pope
  • 1543 Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian and Portuguese troops beat Muslim army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1543 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and English King Henry VIII sign anti-French covenant

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1575 King Frederick of Denmark offers island of Hveen to Tycho Brahe

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe
  • 1659 The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses
  • 1720 Sweden & Prussia sign peace (2nd Treaty of Stockholm)
  • 1766 Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1768 Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes

US Revolutionary Samuel Adams
US Revolutionary
Samuel Adams
  • 1790 Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery
  • 1793 Prussian troops occupy Venlo, Netherlands
  • 1794 1st session of US Senate open to the public

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1806 William Grenville becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom following the death of William Pitt the Younger

British Prime Minister William Grenville
British Prime Minister
William Grenville
  • 1808 Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania

InventionHistoric Invention

1809 Robert Fulton patents steamboat

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • 1811 President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years
  • 1812 Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry signs a redistricting bill - first "gerrymander"
  • 1814 Norway's independence proclaimed
  • 1826 University College London founded; known until 1836 as London University
  • 1837 American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
  • 1852 First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
  • 1854 For the 1st time coal gas is used to light major streets in San Francisco
  • 1855 Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam
  • 1858 First vision of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 US President-elect Abraham Lincoln takes train from Spingfield IL to Washington, D.C.

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861 US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state
  • 1873 Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I
  • 1878 1st weekly weather report published in UK
  • 1889 Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890
  • 1895 -17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
  • 1895 Georgetown became part of Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Oscar Wilde's "Salome" premieres in Paris

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1897 White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, NYC
  • 1898 Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named US minister to Liberia
  • 1899 -15°F (-26°C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
  • 1899 -61°F, Montana (record low temperature)
  • 1902 Police beat up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 US Congress adopts the Expedition Act, which authorizes the Attorney General to 'expedite' anti-trust cases through the courts, reflecting growing popular support for President Theodore Roosevelt's "trust busting" campaign

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1905 James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299½-last pin breaks but stands
  • 1905 Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos
  • 1907 De Master's Dutch government resigns
  • 1907 Passenger ship Larchmont sinks by Block Island, off Rhode Island, 322 die
  • 1908 Heemskerk's government begins in Holland
  • 1916 Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control
  • 1916 Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships starting on 1 March

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 US President Woodrow Wilson makes another speech before Congress and announces 'the Four Principles' - freedom of navigation, and end to secret diplomacy, and similar items - that supplement his Fourteen Points

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1919 Friedrich Ebert (SPD) elected president of Germany
  • 1921 Ambassador Theater opens at 215 W 49th St NYC
  • 1922 US intervention army leaves Honduras
  • 1922 Influential arts festival Semana de Arte Moderna (Modern Art Week) opens in São Paulo - the beginning of Modernism in Brazil
  • 1926 Tokelau (Union) Islands in South Pacific transfers to NZ
  • 1927 US female Figure Skating championship won by Beatrix Loughran
  • 1927 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Eugene O'Neill's "Dynamo" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
  • 1929 Vatican City, the world's smallest country, is made an enclave of Rome
  • 1932 73°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in February
  • 1932 Johan Grøttumsbraaten leads a Norwegian medal sweep of the Nordic combined event at the Lake Placid Games; retains combined title after also winning in St. Moritz
  • 1935 -11°F (-24°C), Ifrane, Morocco (African record low)
  • 1935 1st US airplane flight with auto slung beneath fuselage, NY
  • 1936 Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay
  • 1937 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Lt-Gen Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1941 Sicherheitsdienst complains about Dutch anti German sentiments
  • 1942 "Archie" comic book debuts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 US General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe; British General Montgomery not best pleased

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943 Transport #47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • 1944 U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • 1945 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA

Conference of InterestYalta Conference

1945 Declaration of Liberated Europe signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin after the Yalta Conference

Learn More
Conference of the Big Three at Yalta (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin
Conference of the Big Three at Yalta (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin
Learn More
  • 1946 World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 116 of 156 captured U-boats
  • 1948 John Costello follows Eamon Da Valera as premier of Ireland
  • 1950 4th British Empire Games close in Auckland, New Zealand

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1951 Kwame Nkrumah wins 1st parliamentary election in the Gold Coast (Ghana)

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • 1953 J Styne and Bob Hilliard's musical "Hazel Flagg" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 190 performances
  • 1953 President Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple
  • 1953 USSR breaks diplomatic relations with Israel
  • 1956 British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean deny working as spies for Soviet Russia after reappearing in the Soviet Union after going missing 5 years earlier
  • 1958 Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Chu En-lai as Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1958 Ruth Carol Taylor is 1st African-American woman hired as flight attendant, Ithaca NY
  • 1961 Robert Weaver sworn in as Administrator of the Housing and Home Finance Agency, the 1st African American to be appointed to a US cabinet-level position
  • 1963 CIA Domestic Operations Division created
  • 1963 American chef Julia Child's show "The French Chef" premieres
  • 1964 Greek & Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus
  • 1964 Taiwan drops diplomatic relations with France
  • 1968 Israeli-Jordan border fight
  • 1968 Jeffrey Kramer survives 76-m jump, Washington Bridge, Hudson River New York
  • 1968 Madison Square Garden III closes Madison Square Garden IV opens (NYC)
  • 1969 Dorey Funk Jr beats Gene Kiniski in Tampa, to become NWA champ
  • 1970 26.37 cm (10.38") of rainfall, Mt Washington, NH (state 24-hr rec)
  • 1970 Japan becomes 4th nation to put a satellite (Osumi) in orbit
  • 1971 US, UK, USSR, others sign Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons
  • 1973 1st one-day international for Pakistan & NZ
  • 1974 Titan-Centaur rocket test launch fails

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Henry Kissinger unveils Nixon Administration's seven-point "Project Independence" plan to make the U.S. energy independent

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
  • 1974 Libya nationalizes three US oil companies that had not agreed to 51 percent nationalization in September

ReplacementLeadership Contest

1975 Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for leadership of the British Conservative Party

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
  • 1976 Clifford Alexander Jr confirmed as 1st African American US Secretary of Army

Birthdays in History

  • 1377 King Ladislas of Naples (d. 1414)
  • 1380 Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist who rediscovered lost classical texts, born in Terranuova, Republic of Florence (d. 1459)
  • 1466 Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England and wife of King Henry VII, born in Westminster Palace, London (d. 1503)
  • 1506 Juliana van Stolberg, engraver of Nassau
  • 1535 Gregory XIV [Niccolo Sfondrati], Roman Catholic pope (1590-91)
  • 1557 John Wtenbogaert, remonstrants theologist
  • 1568 Honoré d'Urfé, French writer (d. 1625)
  • 1649 William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
  • 1657 Bernard Fontenelle, French scientist/writer (Plurality of Worlds)
  • 1764 Marie-Joseph de Chénier, French poet (Caïus Gracchus), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1811)
  • 1774 Hans Järta, Swedish political activist (d. 1847)
  • 1776 Ioannis Kapodistrias, Greek diplomat of the Russian Empire and first head of state of independent Greece (d. 1831)
  • 1783 Jarena Lee, African American travelling minister
  • 1799 Basil Moreau, French Founder priest (d. 1873)

Person of interestWilliam Henry Fox Talbot

1800 William Henry Fox Talbot, English photographic pioneer, born in Dorset, England (d. 1877)

Photography Pioneer William Henry Fox Talbot
Photography Pioneer
William Henry Fox Talbot
  • 1802 Lydia Maria Child, American author, journalist and abolitionist (Juvenile Miscellany), born in Medford, Massachusetts (d. 1880)

Person of interestAlexander H. Stephens

1812 Alexander H. Stephens, US Confederate Vice President, born in Crawfordville, Georgia (d. 1883)

Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
Confederate States VP
Alexander H. Stephens
  • 1812 Benjamin Franklin Sands, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1883)
  • 1813 Otto Ludwig, German writer and critic (d. 1865)
  • 1821 Hermann Allmers, writer
  • 1821 Auguste-Édouard Mariette, French Egyptologist (d. 1881)
  • 1829 William Anderson Pile, American politician, minister, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1889)
  • 1833 Melville Fuller, American 8th chief justice, born in Augusta, Maine (d. 1910)
  • 1839 Josiah Willard Gibbs, theoretical physicist/chemist
  • 1840 Sanuel Dana Greene, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), (d. 1884)

Person of interestThomas Edison

1847 Thomas Edison, American inventor (lightbulb, phonograph, motion picture camera), born in Milan, Ohio (d. 1931)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1860 Rachilde [Marguerite Vallette-Eymery], French author (Monsieur Venus)
  • 1867 August W Messer, German philosopher/educator/psychologist, born in Mainz (d. 1937)
  • 1869 Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder (d. 1939)
  • 1869 Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
  • 1872 Edward Johnston, British craftsman and calligrapher - "the father of modern calligraphy" (d. 1944)
  • 1873 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author/novelist (Pages from My Life)
  • 1874 Elsa Beskow [Maartman], Swedish children's book/fairy tales author
  • 1887 John van Melle, South African writer (Dawid Booysen)
  • 1890 Jan de Vries, Dutch scholar of Germanic linguistics and Germanic mythology, born in Amsterdam (d. 1964)
  • 1890 David Drummond, Australian politician (d. 1965)
  • 1893 Johan C P Alberts, Dutch literary (Festival)
  • 1894 Isaac M Kolthoff, chemist (Massenanalyse)

Person of interestLeó Szilárd

1898 Leo Szilard, Hungarian-German-American nuclear physicist (Manhattan Project) and peace activist, born in Budapest, Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1964)

Physicist and Inventor Leó Szilárd
Physicist and Inventor
Leó Szilárd
  • 1900 Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher
  • 1900 Thomas Hitchcock Jr, great polo player (Westchester Cup 1924,27,30,39)
  • 1900 Josei Toda, Japanese educator (d. 1958)
  • 1901 Roddy Connolly, Irish politician, son of James Connolly (d. 1980)
  • 1902 Arne Jacobsen, Danish architect (d. 1971)
  • 1904 Henry R LaBouisse, headed UNICEF (1965-79)

Person of interestKeith Holyoake

1904 Keith Holyoake, 26th Prime Minister of New Zealand (National: 1960-72), born in Pahiatua, New Zealand (d. 1983)

New Zealand Prime Minister Keith Holyoake
New Zealand Prime Minister
Keith Holyoake
  • 1905 Beb [Elizabeth] Vuyk, Dutch/Indonesian writer (Camp diary)
  • 1906 Denis Barnett, British air chief marshal (WWII, Suez Canal) (d. 1992)
  • 1908 Sutan Takdir Alishahbana, Indonesian linguistic/author/novelist
  • 1908 Vivian [Ernest] Fuchs, geologist/explorer (British Antarctic Survey)
  • 1909 Joseph L Mankiewicz, Wilkes-Barre PA, film writer/director (Sleuth)
  • 1911 Alec Cairncross, chancellor (Glasgow U)
  • 1912 Roy Fuller, Failsworth, Lancashire, English poet/novelist (Lost Season)
  • 1914 French Duynstee, Dutch constitutional lawyer
  • 1915 Mervyn Levy, artist/critic
  • 1915 Patrick Leigh Fermor, author
  • 1915 Richard Hamming, American Mathematician and Computer Scientist (Hamming code), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1916 Bernice Levin Neugarten, social scientist/gerontologist
  • 1917 Richard Jock Kinneir, graphic designer

Person of interestSidney Sheldon

1917 Sidney Sheldon, American novelist and playwright (Master of the Game, Bloodline, The Bachelor and the Bobby Soxer), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)

Novelist Sidney Sheldon
Sidney Sheldon
  • 1917 T. Nagi Reddy, Indian revolutionary (d. 1976)
  • 1918 Margaret Heldt, American hairdresser who created the Beehive, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1920 Daniel F[rancis] Galouye, American sci-fi author (Dark Universe, Last Leap)
  • 1920 Farouk I, Cairo, last King of Egypt (1936-52)
  • 1920 Paul Peter Piech, artist
  • 1921 Lloyd Bentsen, (Sen-D-TX, 1971- )/1989 Dem VP nominee)
  • 1921 Edward Seidensticker, American scholar (d. 2007)
  • 1923 Baroness Sharples, made a life peer after the assassination of her husband (Sir Richard Sharples)
  • 1923 Ronald Arculus, British diplomat
  • 1923 Sy Kattelson, American photographer, born in the Bronx, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1924 Mary Tregear, Oriental art historian
  • 1925 Peter Berger, British vice-admiral
  • 1925 Virginia E Johnson, doctor and sexologist (Masters & Johnson)
  • 1926 Paul Bocuse, French great chef (Legion of Honor), born in Collonges-au-Mont-d'Or, France (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Archibald Forster, CEO (Esso UK)
  • 1930 Roy De Forest, American Painter (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Dennis Skinner, British politician (L), Chairman of the Labour Party (1988-89), born in Clay Cross, Derbyshire
  • 1934 Mary Quant, English fashion designer (Chelsea Look, Mod Look), born in Kent, England
  • 1934 Patrick Holmes Sellors, British ophthalmologist (d. 2010)

Person of interestManuel Noriega

1934 Manuel Noriega, Panamanian general and dictator (1983-89), born in a Panama City slum, Panama (d. 2017)

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • 1934 Mel Carnahan, American politician (d. 2000)
  • 1937 Marilyn Butler, Rector (Exeter College-Oxford)
  • 1939 Bryan Gould, New Zealand and British politician (L), born in Hawera, New Zealand
  • 1939 Jane [Hyatt] Yolen, American sci-fi author (Spider Jane, Heart's Blood)
  • 1941 Glenn Randall Jr, stuntman (Species, Mrs Soffel, Return of the Jedi)
  • 1941 Jeremy Mackenzie, general
  • 1942 Archie Andrews, comic book character (Archie)
  • 1943 Iain Cameron, British brigadier
  • 1944 Buddhadev Dasgupta, director (Charachar, Grihajuddha)
  • 1944 Michael G. Oxley, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1981-2007), born in Findlay, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • 1950 Ernest Istook, American politician (Rep-R-Oklahoma), born in Fort Worth, Texas
  • 1953 Stephen Thorne, American naval officer, born in Frankfurt, Germany

Person of interestJeb Bush

1953 John Ellis "Jeb" Bush, American politician (Governor of Florida (R) 1999-2007), born in Midland, Texas

Governor of Florida Jeb Bush
Governor of Florida
Jeb Bush
  • 1960 Richard Mastracchio, American astronaut, born in Waterbury, Connecticut
  • 1962 Tammy Baldwin, American politician, born in Madison, Wisconsin
  • 1964 Ken Shamrock, American martial artist, born in Macon, Georgia
  • 1964 Sarah Palin, American politician, born in Sandpoint, Idaho
  • 1967 Scott Shay, American linguist, born in Lebanon, Pennsylvania
  • 1974 Alex Jones [Emeric], American radio host & conspiracy theorist (InfoWars, PrisonPlanet), born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1974 Zain Verjee, Kenyan-born journalist, born in Nairobi, Kenya

Weddings in History

  • 1638 Dutch countess Louise of Solms marries earl John of Brederode

LoveWedding of Interest

1810 French leader Napoleon I marries 2nd wife Marie-Louise of Austria

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

LoveWedding of Interest

1902 US military leader George Marshall (22) weds Elizabeth Carter Coles in San Antonio, Texas

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall

LoveWedding of Interest

1905 Novelist Thomas Mann (29) weds Katia Pringsheim (21) in Munich, Germany

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann

LoveWedding of Interest

1972 Playwright Tom Stoppard (34) weds doctor and author Miriam Moore-Robinson (34)

Playwright and Screenwriter Tom Stoppard
Playwright and Screenwriter
Tom Stoppard

Deaths in History

  • 641 Heraclius, emperor of Byzantium (610-641), dies at about 65
  • 731 Gregory II, Greek-Syrian Pope, dies
  • 821 Benedict of Aniane, saint, dies
  • 824 Paschal I, Italian Pope (817-24), dies
  • 867 Theodora, the Saint, beauty queen/empress of Byzantine, dies
  • 1141 Hugo of St-Victor, philosopher/theologist/mystic, dies
  • 1160 Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Japanese general (b. 1123)
  • 1503 Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England and wife of King Henry VII, dies on 38th birthday
  • 1511 Henry, Duke of Cornwall, son of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, dies at 7 weeks
  • 1543 Ahmed Gran, sultan of Adal, dies in battle at Wayna Daga
  • 1626 Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician, dies at 77

Person of interestRené Descartes

1650 René Descartes, French philosopher "I think therefore I am", stops thinking due to pneumonia at 53

Philosopher René Descartes
René Descartes
  • 1685 David Teniers III, Flemish painter, dies at 46
  • 1713 Jahandar Shah, Mughal emperor of India (b. 1664)
  • 1755 Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (b. 1675)
  • 1763 William Shenstone, English poet, dies at 48
  • 1829 Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright (b. 1795)
  • 1841 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter, dies at 55
  • 1862 Elizabeth Siddal, British poet and artist (b. 1829)
  • 1868 Leon Foucault, French physicist whose pendulum proved that the Earth rotates, dies at 48
  • 1870 Jacob de Kempenaer, Dutch lawyer and Minister of Internal Affairs (1848-49), dies at 76
  • 1878 Gideon Welles, 24th U.S. secretary of the navy under presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, dies at 75
  • 1879 Honore Daumier, caricaturist/painter, dies
  • 1879 Willem Josephus van Zeggelen, Dutch author, dies at 67
  • 1888 William Kelly, American inventor (pneumatic process of steelmaking), dies at 76
  • 1899 George Morgan, 1st English motorist to die in an motor accident, dies
  • 1901 Milan I, King of Serbia, dies at 56
  • 1907 Peter J Savelberg, Dutch Limbourg monastery founder, dies at 80
  • 1911 Albert Salomon Anselm von Rothschild, Austrian banker and member of the Rothschild banking family of Austria, dies at 66
  • 1917 Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (b. 1872)
  • 1918 Taytu Betul, Empress of Ethiopia (1889-13) and founder of Addis Ababa, dies at 66 or 67
  • 1922 Gerard Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society), dies at 67
  • 1923 Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (b. 1847)
  • 1931 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine), dies at 76
  • 1938 James A. Ten Eyck, American champion rower and coach (Ten Eyck Trophy namesake), dies at 86
  • 1940 John Buchan, Scottish politician, Governor-General of Canada (1935-40), writer (The Thirty-Nine Steps) and historian dies at 64
  • 1941 Rudolf Hilferding, German economist/Min of Finance (SPD), suicide at 63
  • 1945 J S H Lokerman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Neugengamme
  • 1948 Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director (Battleship Potemkin), dies at 50
  • 1954 Adolph M. Christianson, justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court (b. 1877)
  • 1958 Ernest Jones, British psychonanalyst (b. 1879)
  • 1961 Patrice Lumumba, Congolese revolutionary, 1st prime minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, assassinated by the Belgian government at 34
  • 1961 Kate Carew [Mary Williams], American caricaturist, dies at 91

Person of interestSylvia Plath

1963 Sylvia Plath, American poet/novelist (Ariel), commits suicide at 30

Author and Poet Sylvia Plath
Author and Poet
Sylvia Plath
  • 1971 Whitney Young Jr, National Urban League director, drowns in Nigeria
  • 1972 Jan Wils, architect (Olympian Stadium, Amsterdam), dies at 80
  • 1973 J. Hans D. Jensen, German physicist (Nobel prize 1963), dies at 65
  • 1975 Richard Ratsimandrava, Malagasy soldier and statesman, assassinated (b. 1931)
  • 1976 Alexander Lippisch, German scientist and pioneer of aerodynamics, dies at 81
  • 1976 Frank Arnau [Heinrich Schmitt], German crime fiction writer, dies at 81
  • 1977 Louis J M Beel, Dutch premier (1946-48, 58-59), dies at 74
  • 1977 Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, Indian leader and 5th President of India (1974-77), dies of a heart attack at 72
  • 1978 James B. Conant, American chemist and President of Harvard University, dies at 84
  • 1978 Harry Martinson, Swedish novelist and poet (Trade Wind-Nobel 1974), dies at 73
  • 1985 Ben Abruzzo, American businessman and balloonist (b. 1930)
  • 1986 Frank [Patrick] Herbert, American sci-fi author (Dune), dies at 65
  • 1986 Evelio Javier, Filipino politician, lawyer, and civil servant (b. 1942)
  • 1987 Sadequain, famous Pakistani painter and artist. (b. 1930)
  • 1989 Leon Festinger, American psychologist, dies at 69
  • 1991 Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building, Centre Pompidou), dies at 90
  • 1991 Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1922)
  • 1991 Ajla Rachmanova, Russian-Austrian author (Students), dies at 92
  • 1993 George A Stephen, inventor (Weber Kettle Grill), dies at 71
  • 1994 Vincent Wigglesworth, British entomologist (Metamorphosis hormones), dies at 94
  • 1996 Amelia Rosselli, Italian poet, commits suicide at 65
  • 1996 Bob Shaw, Irish sci-fi writer, dies of cancer at 64
  • 1996 Kebby Musokotwane, prime minister of Zambia in (1985-89), dies
  • 2000 Roger Vadim, French director (b. 1928)
  • 2000 Jacqueline Auriol, French aviator, dies at 82
  • 2004 Ryszard Kukliński, Polish colonel and Cold War spy for NATO, dies at 73
  • 2005 Jack L. Chalker, American author (b. 1944)

Person of interestPeter Benchley

2006 Peter Benchley, American author, dies at 65

Jaws Novelist Peter Benchley
Jaws Novelist
Peter Benchley
  • 2007 Marianne Fredriksson, Swedish author (Simon and the Oaks), dies at 79
  • 2008 Tom Lantos, member of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1928)
  • 2008 Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical designer and helicopter aviation pioneer, dies at 88
  • 2009 Willem J Kolff, Dutch-American Physician and Biomedical Engineer (artificial kidney, hemodialysis), dies at 97
  • 2010 [Lee} Alexander McQueen, English fashion designer, commits suicide at 40