On This Day

On This Day in History for February 12

Events in History

  • 1049 Bruno count of Egesheim & Dagsburg crowned Pope Leo IX
  • 1111 King Henry V, King of Germany and Italy, arrives in Rome for his coronation as Holy Roman Emperor, but Pope Paschal II refuses to crown him until April owing to the Investiture Controversy
  • 1130 Pope Innocent II elected
  • 1502 Muslims in Granada forced to convert to Catholicism

DiscoveryVoyage of Discovery

1502 Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal, on his second voyage to India

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama
  • 1528 Treaty of Dordrecht between emperor & ecclesiastical power
  • 1541 Santiago, Chile, founded (or Feb 24)


1554 Queen of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is executed for treason

Queen of England Jane Grey
Queen of England
Jane Grey
  • 1577 Spanish land guardian Don Juan of Habsburg signs "Eternal Edict"
  • 1700 The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe between Denmark–Norway, Saxony and Russia and the Swedish Empire.
  • 1719 The Onderlinge van 1719 u.a., the oldest existing life insurance company in the Netherlands is founded
  • 1733 Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe, at site of Savannah
  • 1762 British fleet occupies Martinique
  • 1763 John Casteret appointed British minister of foreign affairs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1771 Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden after the death of predecessor Adolf Frederick

King of Sweden Gustav III
King of Sweden
Gustav III
  • 1772 Yves de Kerguelen of France discovers Kerguelen Archipelago, India
  • 1793 1st US fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves
  • 1797 Joseph Haydn's song "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser" (God Save Emperor Francis) premieres in Vienna
  • 1818 Chile gains independence from Spain
  • 1821 Mercantile Library of City of NY opens
  • 1825 Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government & migrate west by Sept 1, 1826
  • 1832 Ecuador annexes Galapagos Islands
  • 1839 Aroostoock (or "Pork & Beans) War: Boundary dispute between Maine & New Brunswick
  • 1840 Housatonic Railroad opens, running from Bridgeport, Connecticut, north to the Massachusetts state line
  • 1848 Ballet "Faust" premieres at La Scala in Milan
  • 1850 Original Washington's farewell address manuscript sells for $2,300
  • 1851 Edward Hargraves and three other men discover gold at Ophir, New South Wales, beginning Australia's first gold rush [1]
  • 1855 Michigan State University established
  • 1861 State troops seize US munitions in Napoleon, Arkansas, during the US Civil War
  • 1865 Henry Highland Garnet becomes the 1st African American minister to preach to the US House of Representatives, he talks about the end of slavery
  • 1870 Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada
  • 1870 Utah becomes the second territory in the United States to pass a law allowing women the vote, after Wyoming in 1869
  • 1873 US Congress passes the Coinage Act of 1873, abolishing bimetallism and placing the country on the gold standard
  • 1877 1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston & Salem, Massachusetts
  • 1877 US railroad builders strike against wage reduction
  • 1879 1st artificial ice rink in North America (Madison Square Garden, NYC)
  • 1879 News about British loss at Battle of Isandlwana to Zulu attack (Anglo-Zulu War) reaches London
  • 1880 US National Croquet League organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1882 Social-Democratic Union forms in Amsterdam
  • 1885 Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society
  • 1886 2nd British Conservative government of Marquess of Salisbury forms in alliance with Liberal Unionist Party

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Henrik Ibsen's "Fruen fra havet" (The Lady from the Sea) premieres in Oslo

Playwright Henrik Ibsen
Henrik Ibsen
  • 1894 Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris's Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20
  • 1899 -47°F (-44°C), Camp Clarke, Nebraska (state record)
  • 1901 Dutch Penitentiary children's law proclaimed
  • 1908 Anna Jeanes bequeaths $1,000,000 to Swarthmore to become all female

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) forms

Nurse and Social Activist Lillian Wald
Nurse and Social Activist
Lillian Wald
Civil Rights Leader, Journalist and Suffragist Ida B. Wells
Civil Rights Leader, Journalist and Suffragist
Ida B. Wells
  • 1909 Netherlands' SDAP suspends Marxist Tribune group (Gorter & Wijnkoop)

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1912 China adopts the Gregorian calendar

Read Article
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Read Article
  • 1912 The last Qing Emperor of China, Puyi (age 6) abdicates after losing the support of the Chinese people and thus the "mandate of heaven"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Dedication ceremony for the about to be constructed Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.

Architect Henry Bacon
Henry Bacon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Adolf Hitler receives the relatively common Iron Cross second class for bravery in World War I

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1915 World War I: Kaiser Wilhelm approves the strategic bombing of London's docks
  • 1917 1st edition of Joseph Patterson and Sidney Smith's strip "The Gumps"
  • 1920 -Apr 26] 14,000 Rotterdam/Amsterdam harbor workers strike
  • 1920 NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission
  • 1921 Soviet troops invade Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Winston Churchill becomes British Minister of Colonies

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1924 George Kaufman's "Beggar on Horseback" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 1st federal arbitration law approved by Congress
  • 1925 E Thieffry departs with Handley Page for the Belgian Congo
  • 1925 Estonia passes Law on Cultural Self-Government for National Minorities, allowing a unique degree of autonomy to ethnic and religious groups of 3,000 or more
  • 1927 British expeditionary army lands in Shanghai
  • 1929 Karst Leemburg wins Dutch 11 cities skate (11:30)
  • 1931 Vatican Radio begins broadcasting with the callsign HVJ
  • 1932 Communist Party of Holland forms Unemployed Combat Committees
  • 1933 German vice-chancellor von Papen demands Catholic aid for Nazis
  • 1934 Export-Import Bank incorporates
  • 1934 France hit by a general strike against fascists & royalists
  • 1934 The four-day February Uprising, sometimes called the Austrian Civil War, begins.
  • 1935 Great airship, USS Macon, crashes into Pacific Ocean

CommunicationHistoric Communication

1935 First secret demonstration of radio signals detecting aircraft by Robert Watson-Watt at Daventry, England

Physicist and Radar Pioneer Robert Watson-Watt
Physicist and Radar Pioneer
Robert Watson-Watt
  • 1938 Austrian chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg visits Adolf Hitler in Berchtesgaden
  • 1938 3rd British Empire Games close in Sydney, Australia
  • 1941 Jewish Council for Amsterdam forms under Ascher and Cohen
  • 1941 Occupation Police arrest "Jewish Foursome"
  • 1941 First injection of penicillin into a patient by British physician Charles Fletcher at Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford, England
  • 1942 German battle cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen escape from Brest to Germany in a dash up the English Channel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 General Eisenhower departs Algiers for Tebessa

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 Wendell Wilkie enters the race to be the Republican nominee for US President
  • 1945 SF selected for site of UN Conference
  • 1947 Daytime fireball & meteorite fall seen in eastern Siberia
  • 1947 Record 100.5-kg sailfish caught, C W Stewart, Galapagos Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 French fashion designer Christian Dior presents his first influential collection, named the "New Look"

Fashion Designer Christian Dior
Fashion Designer
Christian Dior
  • 1948 1st Lt Nancy Leftenant becomes 1st African American in army nursing corps

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Panic in Quito, Ecuador, after "War of the Worlds" played on radio

Author H. G. Wells
H. G. Wells
  • 1949 Team Canada beats Denmark 47-0 in hockey
  • 1949 Unidentified aircraft bomb Jerusalem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Albert Einstein warns against hydrogen bomb

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1950 Senator Joe McCarthy claims to have list of 205 communist government employees
  • 1953 USSR breaks relations with Israel
  • 1954 The UK government establishes an organisation to control atomic energy in the country under The Atomic Energy Authority Bill
  • 1955 President Eisenhower sends 1st US advisors to South Vietnam
  • 1955 Soviets decides space center built in Baikonur, Kazakhstan
  • 1957 Researchers announce Borazan (harder than diamonds) been developed
  • 1958 Gen Miguel Ydegoras Fuentes elected President of Guatemala
  • 1959 The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the "sheaves of wheat" design
  • 1960 Chinese army kills 12 Indian soldiers
  • 1961 USSR launches Venera 1 toward Venus
  • 1962 Bus boycott starts in Macon, Georgia

Birthdays in History

  • 1074 Conrad, King of Germany and Italy (d. 1101)
  • 1211 Henry VII, Roman catholic German king (1220-35)
  • 1218 Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (d. 1256)
  • 1438 Adolf van Egmond, duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen
  • 1474 Lorenzo Campeggi(o), archbishop of Bologna/diplomat
  • 1584 Casparus Barleaus, Flemish theologist/poet (Muiderkring)
  • 1585 Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Danish physician, theologian, writer on anatomy, born in Malmö, Denmark (modern Sweden) (d. 1629)
  • 1606 John Winthrop, the Younger, Governor of Connecticut (d. 1676)
  • 1636 Herman Witsius [Wits], Dutch reformed theologist
  • 1637 Jan Swammerdam, Amsterdam, Dutch anatomist and entomologist (Bible of Nature)

Person of interestCotton Mather

1663 Cotton Mather, American Puritan minister (Salem witchcraft trials), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1728)

Puritan Minister Cotton Mather
Puritan Minister
Cotton Mather
  • 1665 Rudolph Jakob Camerarius, German botanist and physician (sexuality of plants), born in Tübingen, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1721)
  • 1704 Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (d. 1772)
  • 1706 Josef Christian, German sculptor
  • 1728 Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (d. 1799)
  • 1753 François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (d. 1798)
  • 1768 Francis II, Florence Italy, last Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806)
  • 1775 Louisa Adams, US First Lady (1825-29), born in London (d. 1852)
  • 1777 Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, German poet (d. 1843)
  • 1785 Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist (d. 1838)
  • 1791 Jan D Zocher Jr., Dutch garden architect (Vondelpark, Amsterdam)
  • 1791 Peter Cooper, American industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (Cooper Union, steam locomotive), born in NYC, New York (d. 1883)
  • 1792 Ferdinand de Braekeleer, Belgian painter
  • 1804 Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (d. 1865)

Person of interestAbraham Lincoln

1809 Abraham Lincoln, 16th US President (Republican: 1861-65), born in Hardin County, Kentucky (d. 1865)

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln

Person of interestCharles Darwin

1809 Charles Darwin, English naturalist (Origin of the Species) conceived the theory of evolution by natural selection, born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire (d. 1882)

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1815 Edward Forbes, English Naturalist and pioneer in the field of biogeography, born in Douglas, Isle of Man (d. 1854)
  • 1818 Otto Ludwig, German writer (Die Heiterethei)
  • 1824 Dayananda Sarasvati, Indian hindu leader, founder of Arya Samaj reform movement, born in Tantara, India (d. 1883)
  • 1828 George Meredith, England, poet and novelist (Shaving of Shagpat)
  • 1828 Robert Ransom Jr, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1892)
  • 1838 Charles C. Walcutt, American general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1898)
  • 1841 Gijsbert van Tienhoven, Dutch mayor (Amsterdam) and Prime Minister of the Netherlands 1891-1894
  • 1850 Amaat Vyncke, Flemish missionary (Flemish Flag)
  • 1852 Hendrik Blink, Dutch geographer (Van de Eems tot de Schelde) (d. 1931)
  • 1861 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian German author (Im Kampf um Gott)
  • 1865 Kazimierz P. Tetmajer, Polish writer and poet (Young Poland)
  • 1867 Hedwig Courths-Mahler, German author (Warbride) [or Febr 18]
  • 1868 Jan Schaper, Dutch publicist and politician (SDAP)
  • 1869 Hendrik P. Marchant, Dutch minister of Education/Arts (VVD)
  • 1876 Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama, born in Thakpo Langdun (d. 1933)
  • 1877 Louis Renault, French automobile executive, born in Paris, France (d. 1944)
  • 1880 John Llewellyn Lewis, American union leader (United Mine Workers, 1920-60), born near Lewis, Iowa (d. 1969)
  • 1882 Walter Vaes, Flemish painter/etcher
  • 1884 Max Beckmann, German painter and graphic artist, born in Leipzig, German Empire (d. 1950)
  • 1884 Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)
  • 1884 Johan Laidoner, Estonian military commander (d. 1953)
  • 1893 Marcel Minnaert, Dutch astronomer, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1970)

Person of interestOmar Bradley

1893 Omar Bradley, American WWII General (Invasion of Normandy) and 1st Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1949-53), born in Clark, Missouri (d. 1981)

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1907 Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (d. 1991)
  • 1908 Jacques Herbrand, French logician and mathematician (d. 1931)
  • 1908 Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (d. 1982)
  • 1910 Forsyth Hardy, Scottish documentary film pioneer and critic, born in Bathgate, Scotland (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Lee Byung Chull, Korean industrialist, founder of Samsung, born in Uiryeong County, Korean Empire (d. 1987)
  • 1911 Frank Hercules, American writer, born in Port of Spain, Trinidad (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Sylvstre A. Guzman Fernandez, president (Dominican Republic)
  • 1911 Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive (d. 1968)
  • 1912 R. F. Delderfield, English author (d. 1972)
  • 1913 Pedro Gastao de Orleans e Braganca, grandson of Emperor Pedro I
  • 1914 Nello Celio, Swiss politician, born in Quinto, Switzerland (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Arvid Pardo, Maltese diplomat, a.k.a "Father of the Law of the Sea Conference", born in Rome, Italy (d. 1999)
  • 1915 Andrew J. Goodpaster, American general, supreme commander (NATO-Europe)
  • 1916 Joseph L Alioto, American politician (Mayor-San Francisco), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1998)
  • 1917 Raizo Matsuno, Japanese politician (d. 2006)
  • 1918 Julian Schwinger, US physicist (1965 Nobel Prize in Physics for quantum electrodynamics), born in New York City (d. 1994)
  • 1920 William Roscoe Estep, Baptist historian and professor (d. 2000)
  • 1923 Franco Zeffirelli, Italian director (Romeo & Juliet), born in Florence, Italy (d. 2019)
  • 1923 James Abdnor, (Sen-R-SD, 1981-87), (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Chaskel Besser, Orthodox rabbi

Person of interestJames Chichester-Clark

1923 James Chichester-Clark, Irish politician, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (1969-71), born in Moyola Park, Londonderry (d. 2002)

Prime Minister of Northern Ireland James Chichester-Clark
Prime Minister of Northern Ireland
James Chichester-Clark
  • 1924 Hans Berghuis, Dutch author/poet (3 Women, Adam)
  • 1925 Sir Anthony Berry, British politician (d. 1984)
  • 1925 Joan Mitchell, Chicago USA, American painter and printmaker
  • 1926 Paul Hamlyn, English publisher/multi-millionaire (Octopus)
  • 1926 Charles Van Doren, American quiz show contestant (Twenty-One), born in New York City
  • 1930 Arlen Specter, American Senator (Republican-PA, 1981- 2011), born in Wichita, Kansas (d. 2012)
  • 1931 Constance A Morella, (Rep-R-Maryland)
  • 1931 Janwillem van de Wetering, Dutch author
  • 1932 Axel Jensen, Norwegian author (d. 2003)
  • 1933 Costa-Gavras, director
  • 1933 Ivan Nikolayevich Anikeyev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1933 Juanita [Ruth] Coulson, sci-fi author (Web of Wizardry, Space Trap)
  • 1934 Anne Krueger, American economist
  • 1936 Fang Lizhi, Chinese astrophysicist/dissident (Tiananmen Square, 1989), born in Beijing, China (d. 2012)
  • 1938 Judy Blume, author (Wifey)
  • 1940 Hank Brown, (Rep-R-CO, 1981-88)
  • 1941 Naomi Uemura, mountain climber (1st Japanese to scale Everest)
  • 1942 Chananjit Vohra, Kenyan/British hotel magnate/multi-millionaire
  • 1942 Ehud Barak, Prime Minister of Israel
  • 1944 Desmond Nuttall, English educator
  • 1944 Jackie Torrence, story teller/artist
  • 1945 David D Friedman, American economist, physicist, legal scholar, and libertarian theorist (The Machinery of Freedom), born in NYC, New York
  • 1947 Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, Indian leader of Damdami Taksal (d. 1984)
  • 1948 Raymond Kurzweil, American inventor and author (Kurzweil reading machine, text-to-speech synthesis), born in NYC, New York
  • 1951 Steven Parent, Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
  • 1954 Philip Zimmermann, US cryptographer, born in Camden, New Jersey
  • 1956 Ad P Melkert, Dutch minister of Social Affairs (1994- ), born in Gouda, Netherlands
  • 1959 Nancy Remy, reporter (NYC's Shadow Traffic)
  • 1961 Jim Harris, Canadian author, environmentalist, and politician, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1963 Ed Lover, US radio personality, born in Hollis, New York

Weddings in History

  • 1736 Maria Theresa Habsburg marries French Stefanus (emperor Francois I)

Deaths in History

  • 1128 Toghtekin, slave/atabek of Damascus, dies
  • 1242 Hendrik VII, Roman Catholics German king (1220-35), commits suicide
  • 1538 Albrecht Altdorfer, German painter, dies at about 57

Person of interestJane Grey

1554 Jane Grey, Queen of England for 9 days, beheaded for treason at 16

Queen of England Jane Grey
Queen of England
Jane Grey
  • 1554 Lord Guildford Dudley, Jane Grey's husband, beheaded at about 19 for treason
  • 1571 Nicholas Throckmorton, English diplomat and politician (b. 1515)
  • 1590 Francois Hotman/Hotomanus, French lawyer and diplomat (Anti-Tribonien), dies at 65
  • 1595 Archduke Ernest of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1553)
  • 1616 Johannes van den Driesche, Flemish Hebraist, dies at 65
  • 1624 George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist (b. 1563)
  • 1630 Fynes Moryson, English traveler and writer (b. 1566)
  • 1689 Marie Louise D'Orleans, Queen consort of Spain as the first wife of King Charles II of Spain, dies at 26
  • 1700 Aleksei Shein, Russian general and statesman (b. 1662)
  • 1712 Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy, mother of Louis XV of France, dies at 26
  • 1724 Elkanah Settle, English poet and playwright, dies at 76
  • 1763 Pierre de Marivaux, French writer (b. 1688)
  • 1771 Adolf Frederik, King of Sweden (1751-70), dies at 60
  • 1787 Ruggiero Boscovich, Italian physicist, astronomer and philosopher, dies at 75

Person of interestEthan Allen

1789 Ethan Allen, American Revolutionary War patriot (lead the Green Mountain Boys), dies of an apoplectic fit at 51

American Revolutionary War Patriot Ethan Allen
American Revolutionary War Patriot
Ethan Allen
  • 1799 Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian biologist (b. 1729)

Person of interestImmanuel Kant

1804 Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79

Philosopher Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant
  • 1834 Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist and philosopher, dies at 65
  • 1837 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, dies at 50
  • 1871 Alice Cary, American poet (Cincinnati Sentinel), dies at 50
  • 1886 Horatio Seymour, American politician (18th Governor of New York), dies at 75
  • 1901 Ramón de Campoamor y Campoosorio, Spanish poet (Colon), dies at 83
  • 1903 Gaspar Núñez de Arce, Spanish dramatist and statesman (b. 1834)
  • 1905 Marcel Schwob, French writer and journalist (Coeur double), dies at 37
  • 1916 Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (Nature & Meaning of Numbers), dies at 84
  • 1920 Jean Allemane, French socialist/communard (allemanisten), dies at 77
  • 1920 Ottalee Baker, Frank "Home Run" Baker's wife, dies at 31
  • 1929 Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing, German para-psychologist, dies at 66
  • 1931 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (b. 1855)
  • 1935 Auguste Escoffier, French chef & writer (Le Guide Culinaire), dies at 88
  • 1942 Grant Wood, American painter (American Gothic), dies at 50
  • 1945 Henrietta Szold, founder (Hadassah, Youth Aliyah), dies
  • 1945 Walraven [Wally] van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis, executed at 39
  • 1945 Antonio Villa-Real, Filipino jurist (b. 1880)
  • 1949 Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, dies at 42
  • 1951 Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (one of the earliest proponents of the creation of the state of Pakistan and recognized as the creator of the name “Pakistan” for a separate Muslim, homeland in South Asia and is known as the founder of the Pakistan National Movement), dies at 53
  • 1954 Dziga Vertov [Kaufman], Russian dir (3 Songs of Lenin), dies at 58
  • 1957 Johannes Anker Larsen, Danish writer (Martha og Maria), dies at 82
  • 1957 Eric Alfred Knudsen, American folklorist (b. 1872)
  • 1958 Marcel Cachin, French politician and co-founder of the French Communist Party, dies at 88
  • 1958 Douglas R. Hartree, English mathematician and physicist, dies at 60
  • 1960 Bobby Clark, vaudevillan (World's funniest circus clown), dies at 71
  • 1964 Gerald Gardner, British occultist and Wiccan (founding the tradition of Gardnerian Wicca), dies at 79

Person of interestJames Cash Penney

1971 James Cash Penney, American department store founder (J C Penney), dies at 95

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • 1980 Muriel Rukeyser, American poet (The Book of the Dead), dies at 66
  • 1982 Kees Rijnsdorp, Dutch writer (Culprit), dies at 87
  • 1984 Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (Blow-Up, Underground Game), dies at 69
  • 1984 Anna Anderson [possibly born Franziska Schanzkowska], best-known of several imposters claiming to be Grand Duchess Anastasia Romanov, dies still maintaining her fraudulent claim at 87
  • 1989 Mauritius Balfoort, French/Flemish director, dies at 83
  • 1989 Thomas Bernhard, Austrian novelist, playwright and poet whose work some describe as "the most significant literary achievement since World War II", dies at 58
  • 1991 Edward A Blatt, director (Between 2 Worlds), dies at 88
  • 1991 Robert F. Wagner Jr., Mayor of New York City (Democrat: 1954-65), dies at 80
  • 1992 Ton Brandsteder, CEO (Sony Netherland BV), dies at 74
  • 1993 James Bulger, English child abducted, tortured and beaten to death at 2, by 10 year old boys
  • 1994 Donald Judd, US furniture maker/architect/artist, dies at 65
  • 1994 Sue Rodriguez, Canadian assisted suicide advocate, dies at 43
  • 1995 L Jansma, Fries publisher (Friese stamp), dies
  • 1995 Rachid Mimouni, Algerian author (L'Honneur de la Tribu), dies at 49
  • 1996 Roger Omond, journalist, dies at 51
  • 1996 Bob Shaw, Northern Irish novelist (b. 1931)
  • 1997 Nora Beloff, journalist, dies at 78
  • 1997 Walter Ritchie, British sculptor (Man's Struggle), dies at 77

Person of interestCharles M. Schulz

2000 Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist (Peanuts), dies at 77

Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz
Charles M. Schulz
  • 2003 Vali Myers, Australian painter, dies at 72
  • 2004 Robert A. Bruce, American cardiologist and pioneer (exercise cardiology), dies at 87
  • 2012 John Severin, American comic book artist, dies at 90
  • 2013 Hennadiy Udovenko, Ukrainian politician and diplomat (UN General Assembly President, 1997-98), dies at 81
  • 2014 Diarmuid Downs, British automotive engineer, dies at 91
  • 2015 David Carr, American journalist (New York Times), dies of cancer at 58
  • 2019 W. E. B. Griffin [William Edmund Butterworth], American best-selling author (Clandestine Operations, The Lieutenants), dies at 89
  • 2019 Lyndon LaRouche, American political activist (National Caucus of Labor Committees), dies at 96