On This Day in History for February 12

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 164

  • 1049 Bruno count of Egesheim & Dagsburg crowned Pope Leo IX
  • 1111 German King Hendry V arrives at St Peter, Rome
  • 1130 Pope Innocent II elected
  • 1502 Muslims in Granada forced to convert to Catholicism

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1502 Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon, Portugal on his second voyage to India

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Explorer
Vasco da Gama
  • 1528 Treaty of Dordrecht between emperor & ecclesiastical power
  • 1541 Santiago, Chile founded (or Feb 24)
  • 1554 Queen of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is executed for treason
  • 1577 Spanish land guardian Don Juan of Habsburg signs "Eternal Edict"
  • 1624 English "Happy Parliament commenced
  • 1700 The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe between Denmark–Norway, Saxony and Russia and the Swedish Empire.
  • 1719 The Onderlinge van 1719 u.a., the oldest existing life insurance company in the Netherlands is founded
  • 1733 Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe, at site of Savannah
  • 1762 British fleet occupies Martinique
  • 1763 John Casteret appointed British minister of foreign affairs
  • 1771 Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden.
  • 1772 Yves de Kerguelen of France discovers Kerguelen Archipelago, India
  • 1793 1st US fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves
  • 1797 Haydn's song "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser" premieres in Vienna
  • 1818 Chile gains independence from Spain
  • 1821 Mercantile Library of City of NY opens
  • 1821 Greek War of Independence begins
  • 1825 Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government & migrate west by Sept 1, 1826
  • 1832 Ecuador annexes Galapagos Islands
  • 1839 Aroostoock (or "Pork & Beans) War: Boundary dispute between Maine & New Brunswick
  • 1840 Housatonic Railroad opens
  • 1848 Ballet "Faust" premieres in Milan
  • 1850 Original Washington's Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300
  • 1855 Michigan State University established
  • 1861 State troops seize US munitions in Napoleon, Arkansas, during the US Civil War
  • 1865 Henry Highland Garnet becomes the 1st African American minister to preach to the US House of Representatives, he talks about the end of slavery
  • 1870 Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada
  • 1873 US Congress passes the Coinage Act of 1873, abolishing bimetallism and placing the country on the gold standard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1874 Hawaii King David Kalakaua is 1st king to visit the US as guest of Ulysses S. Grant at 1st US state dinner at the White House

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1877 1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston & Salem, Massachusetts
  • 1877 US railroad builders strike against wage reduction
  • 1879 1st artificial ice rink in North America (Madison Square Garden, NYC)
  • 1879 News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London
  • 1880 US National Croquet League organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1882 Social-Democratic Union forms in Amsterdam
  • 1885 Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society
  • 1886 2nd British government of Salisbury forms
  • 1889 Henrik Ibsen's "Fruen fra Haven" premieres in Oslo
  • 1894 Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris's Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20.
  • 1899 -47°F (-44°C), Camp Clarke, Nebraska (state record)
  • 1901 Dutch Penitentiary children's law proclaimed
  • 1908 Anna Jeanes bequeaths $1,000,000 to Swarthmore to become all female
  • 1909 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) forms
  • 1909 Netherlands' SDAP suspends Marxist Tribune group (Gorter & Wijnkoop)
  • 1912 China adopts Gregorian calendar
  • 1912 Last Ch'ing (Manchu) Emperor of China, Hsuan T'ung, abdicates

  • 1914 Dedication ceremony for the about to be constructed Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Adolf Hitler receives the relatively common Iron Cross second class for bravery in World War I

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1916 1st edition of Joseph Patterson and Sidney Smith's strip "The Gumps"
  • 1920 -Apr 26] 14,000 Rotterdam/Amsterdam harbor workers strike
  • 1920 NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission
  • 1921 Soviet troops invade Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Winston Churchill becomes British Minister of Colonies

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1924 George Gershwin's "Rhapsody In Blue" premieres at Aeolian Hall, NYC
  • 1924 George Kaufman's "Beggar on Horseback" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 1st federal arbitration law approved by Congress
  • 1925 E Thieffry departs with Handley Page for the Belgian Congo
  • 1925 Estonia bans communist Party
  • 1927 British expeditionary army lands in Shanghai
  • 1929 Karst Leemburg wins Dutch 11 cities skate (11:30)
  • 1931 Vatican Radio begins broadcasting with the callsign HVJ
  • 1932 Communist Party of Holland forms Unemployed Combat Committees
  • 1933 German vice-chancellor von Papen demands Catholic aid for Nazis
  • 1934 Export-Import Bank incorporates
  • 1934 France hit by a general strike against fascists & royalists
  • 1934 The four-day February Uprising, sometimes called the Austrian Civil War, begins.
  • 1935 Great airship, USS Macon, crashes into Pacific Ocean
  • 1938 Austrian chancellor Schuschnigg visits Hitler in Berchtesgaden
  • 1938 German troops entered Austria
  • 1938 The first 'Kindertransport' carrying Jewish refugee children from Nazi Germany arrives in Britain
  • 1938 3rd British Empire Games close in Sydney, Australia
  • 1941 Jewish Council for Amsterdam forms under Ascher and Cohen
  • 1941 Occupation Police arrest "Jewish Foursome"
  • 1942 German battle cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen escape from Brest to Germany in a dash up the English Channel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 General Eisenhower departs Algiers for Tebessa

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 Wendell Wilkie (R) enters presidential race
  • 1945 SF selected for site of UN Conference
  • 1947 Daytime fireball & meteorite fall seen in eastern Siberia
  • 1947 Record 100.5-kg sailfish caught, C W Stewart, Galapagos Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 French fashion designer Christian Dior presents his first influential collection, named the "New Look"

Fashion Designer Christian Dior
Fashion Designer
Christian Dior
  • 1948 1st Lt Nancy Leftenant becomes 1st African American in army nursing corps
  • 1949 Panic in Quito, Ecuador, after "War of the Worlds" played on radio
  • 1949 Team Canada beats Denmark 47-0 in hockey
  • 1949 Unidentified aircraft bomb Jerusalem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Albert Einstein warns against hydrogen bomb

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1950 Senator Joe McCarthy claims to have list of 205 communist government employees
  • 1953 USSR breaks relations with Israel
  • 1954 The UK government establishes an organisation to control atomic energy in the country under The Atomic Energy Authority Bill
  • 1955 President Eisenhower sends 1st US advisors to South Vietnam
  • 1955 Soviets decides space center built in Baikonur, Kazakhstan
  • 1957 Researchers announce Borazan (harder than diamonds) been developed
  • 1958 Gen Miguel Ydegoras Fuentes elected President of Guatemala
  • 1960 Chinese army kills 12 Indian soldiers
  • 1961 USSR launches Venera 1 toward Venus
  • 1962 Bus boycott starts in Macon, Georgia

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 112

  • 1074 Conrad, King of Germany and Italy (d. 1101)
  • 1211 Henry VII, Roman catholic German king (1220-35)
  • 1218 Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (d. 1256)
  • 1438 Adolf van Egmond, duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen
  • 1474 Lorenzo Campeggi(o), archbishop of Bologna/diplomat
  • 1584 Casparus Barleaus, Flemish theologist/poet (Muiderkring)
  • 1585 Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Danish physician, theologian, writer on anatomy, born in Malmö, Denmark (modern Sweden) (d. 1629)
  • 1606 John Winthrop, the Younger, Governor of Connecticut (d. 1676)
  • 1636 Herman Witsius, [Wits], Dutch reformed theologist
  • 1637 Jan Swammerdam, Amsterdam, Dutch anatomist/entomologist (Bible of Nature)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1663 Cotton Mather, American Puritan minister (Salem witchcraft trials), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1728)

Puritan Minister Cotton Mather
Puritan Minister
Cotton Mather
  • 1665 Rudolph J Camerarius, German botanist/physician (sexuality plant)
  • 1704 Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (d. 1772)
  • 1706 Josef Christian, German sculptor
  • 1728 Étienne-Louis Boullée, French architect (d. 1799)
  • 1753 François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, French admiral (d. 1798)
  • 1768 Francis II, Florence Italy, last Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806)
  • 1775 Louisa Adams, US First Lady (1825-29), born in London (d. 1852)
  • 1777 Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, German poet (d. 1843)
  • 1785 Pierre Louis Dulong, French physicist (d. 1838)
  • 1791 Jan D Zocher Jr, Dutch garden architect (Vondelpark, Amsterdam)
  • 1791 Peter Cooper, American industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (Cooper Union, steam locomotive), born in NYC, New York (d. 1883)
  • 1792 Ferdinand de Braekeleer, Belgian painter
  • 1794 Alexander Petrov, Russian chess player (d. 1867)
  • 1804 Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (d. 1865)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1809 Abraham Lincoln, American politician (R) 16th President (1861-65), born in Hardin County, Kentucky (d. 1865)

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1809 Charles Darwin, English naturalist (Origin of the Species) who conceived the theory of evolution by natural selection, born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire (d. 1882)

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1815 Edward Forbes, Douglas Isle of Man, English Naturalist and pioneer in the field of biogeography
  • 1818 Otto Ludwig, German writer (Die Heiterethei)
  • 1824 Arya Samaj Maha Rishi Dayanand Sarsvati, Indian hindu leader
  • 1828 George Meredith, England, poet/novelist (Shaving of Shagpat)
  • 1828 Robert Ransom Jr, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1892)
  • 1838 Charles C. Walcutt, American general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1898)
  • 1841 Gijsbert van Tienhoven, Dutch mayor (Amsterdam) and Prime Minister of the Netherlands 1891-1894
  • 1850 Amaat Vyncke, Flemish missionary (Flemish Flag)
  • 1852 Hendrik Blink, geographer (Van de Eems tot de Schelde)
  • 1861 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Im Kampf um Gott)
  • 1865 Kazimierz P Tetmajer, Polish writer/poet (Young Poland)
  • 1867 Hedwig Courths-Mahler, German author (Warbride) [or Febr 18]
  • 1868 Jan Schaper, Dutch publicist and politician (SDAP)
  • 1869 Hendrik P Marchant, Dutch minister of Education/Arts (VVD)
  • 1876 Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama, born in Thakpo Langdun (d. 1933)
  • 1880 John Llewellyn Lewis, union leader (United Mine Workers, 1920-60)
  • 1882 Walter Vaes, Flemish painter/etcher
  • 1884 Max Beckmann, German painter/graphic artist
  • 1884 Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)
  • 1884 Johan Laidoner, Estonian military commander (d. 1953)
  • 1893 Marcel G J Minnaert, Dutch astronomer
  • 1893 Omar Bradley, General of Army WW II (GI General)
  • 1903 Joseph F. Biroc, American cinematographer (d. 1996)
  • 1907 Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (d. 1991)
  • 1908 Jacques Herbrand, French logician and mathematician (d. 1931)
  • 1908 Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (d. 1982)
  • 1910 Forsyth Hardy, documentary film pioneer
  • 1910 Lee Byung Chull, Korean industrialist/founder (Samsung Business)
  • 1911 Frank Hercules, writer
  • 1911 Sylvstre A Guzman Fernandez, president (Dominican Republic)
  • 1911 Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive (d. 1968)
  • 1912 R. F. Delderfield, English author (d. 1972)
  • 1913 Pedro Gastao de Orleans e Braganca, grandson of emperor Pedro I
  • 1914 Nello Celio, Swiss president
  • 1914 Arvid Pardo, Maltese diplomat, a.k.a "Father of the Law of the Sea Conference" (d. 1999)
  • 1915 Andrew J Goodpaster, American general/supreme commander (NATO-Europe)
  • 1916 Joseph L Alioto, (Mayor-SF)
  • 1917 Raizo Matsuno, Japanese politician (d. 2006)
  • 1918 Julian S Schwinger, US physicist
  • 1920 William Roscoe Estep, Baptist historian and professor (d. 2000)
  • 1923 Franco Zeffirelli, Italian director (Romeo & Juliet), born in Florence
  • 1923 James Abdnor, (Sen-R-SD, 1981-87), (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Chaskel Besser, Orthodox rabbi
  • 1923 James Chichester-Clark, Irish politician, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (1969-71), born in Moyola Park, Londonderry (d. 2002)
  • 1924 Hans Berghuis, Dutch author/poet (3 Women, Adam)
  • 1925 Sir Anthony Berry, British politician (d. 1984)
  • 1925 Joan Mitchell, Chicago USA, American painter and printmaker
  • 1926 Paul Hamlyn, English publisher/multi-millionaire (Octopus)
  • 1926 Charles Van Doren, American quiz show contestant
  • 1930 Arlen Specter, American Senator (Republican-PA, 1981- 2011), born in Wichita, Kansas (d. 2012)
  • 1931 Constance A Morella, (Rep-R-Maryland)
  • 1931 Janwillem van de Wetering, Dutch author
  • 1932 Axel Jensen, Norwegian author (d. 2003)
  • 1933 Costa-Gavras, director
  • 1933 Ivan Nikolayevich Anikeyev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1933 Juanita [Ruth] Coulson, sci-fi author (Web of Wizardry, Space Trap)
  • 1934 Anne Krueger, American economist
  • 1936 Fang Lizhi, Chinese astrophysicist/dissident (Tiananmen Square, 1989), born in Beijing, China (d. 2012)
  • 1938 Judy Blume, author (Wifey)
  • 1940 Hank Brown, (Rep-R-CO, 1981-88)
  • 1941 Naomi Uemura, mountain climber (1st Japanese to scale Everest)
  • 1942 Chananjit Vohra, Kenyan/British hotel magnate/multi-millionaire
  • 1942 Ehud Barak, Prime Minister of Israel
  • 1944 Desmond Nuttall, English educator
  • 1944 Jackie Torrence, story teller/artist
  • 1946 Ever Meulen, [Eddy Vermeulen], Dutch designer (children stamps 1992)
  • 1947 Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, Indian leader of Damdami Taksal (d. 1984)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1948 Raymond Kurzweil, American inventor and author (Kurzweil reading machine, text-to-speech synthesis), born in NYC, New York

Inventor and Author Raymond Kurzweil
Inventor and Author
Raymond Kurzweil
  • 1951 Steven Parent, Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
  • 1952 Salvador Pineda, Mexican actor, born in Huetamo, Mexico
  • 1954 Philip Zimmermann, American cryptographer
  • 1956 Ad P Melkert, Dutch minister of Social Affairs (1994- )
  • 1959 Nancy Remy, reporter (NYC's Shadow Traffic)

Weddings in History

  • 1736 Maria Theresa Habsburg marries French Stefanus (emperor Francois I)

Deaths in History

  • 1128 Toghtekin, slave/atabek of Damascus, dies
  • 1242 Hendrik VII, Roman Catholics German king (1220-35), commits suicide
  • 1538 Albrecht Altdorfer, German painter, dies at about 57
  • 1554 Jane Grey, Queen of England for 9 days, beheaded for treason at 16
  • 1554 Lord Guildford Dudley, Jane Grey's husband, beheaded at about 19 for treason
  • 1571 Nicholas Throckmorton, English diplomat and politician (b. 1515)
  • 1590 Francois Hotman/Hotomanus, French lawyer and diplomat (Anti-Tribonien), dies at 65
  • 1595 Archduke Ernest of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1553)
  • 1616 John Drusius, of Driesschen, Flemish Hebraist, dies at 65
  • 1624 George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist (b. 1563)
  • 1630 Fynes Moryson, English traveler and writer (b. 1566)
  • 1700 Aleksei Shein, Russian general and statesman (b. 1662)
  • 1724 Elkanah Settle, English writer (b. 1648)
  • 1763 Pierre de Marivaux, French writer (b. 1688)
  • 1771 Adolf Frederik, King of Sweden (1751-70), dies at 60
  • 1787 Ruggiero Boscovich, Italian physicist/astronomer/philosopher, dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1789 Ethan Allen, American Revolutionary War patriot (lead the Green Mountain Boys), dies of an apoplectic fit at 51

American Revolutionary War Patriot Ethan Allen
American Revolutionary War Patriot
Ethan Allen
  • 1799 Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian biologist (b. 1729)
  • 1804 Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79
  • 1834 Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 65
  • 1837 Ludwig Borne [Loeb Baruch], German-Jewish writer, dies at 50
  • 1901 Ramon de Campoamor bon Campoosorio, Spanish poet (Colon), dies at 83
  • 1903 Gaspar Núñez de Arce, Spanish dramatist and statesman (b. 1834)
  • 1905 Marcel Schwob, French writer and journalist (Coeur double), dies at 37
  • 1916 Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (Nature & Meaning of Numbers), dies at 84
  • 1920 Jean Allemane, French socialist/communard (allemanisten), dies at 77
  • 1920 Ottalee Baker, Frank "Home Run" Baker's wife, dies at 31
  • 1929 Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing, German para-psychologist, dies at 66
  • 1931 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (b. 1855)
  • 1935 Auguste Escoffier, French chef and writer (Le Guide Culinaire), dies at 88
  • 1942 Grant Wood, US painter (American Gothic), dies at 50
  • 1945 Henrietta Szold, founder (Hadassah, Youth Aliyah), dies
  • 1945 Walraven [Wally] van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis, executed at 39
  • 1945 Antonio Villa-Real, Filipino jurist (b. 1880)
  • 1949 Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (b. 1906)
  • 1951 Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (b. 1897)
  • 1954 Dziga Vertov, [Kaufman], Russian dir (3 Songs of Lenin), dies at 58
  • 1957 Johannes Anker Larsen, Danish writer (Martha og Maria), dies at 82
  • 1957 Eric Alfred Knudsen, American folklorist (b. 1872)
  • 1958 Marcel Cachin, 1st communist French senator, dies at 88
  • 1960 Bobby Clark, vaudevillan (World's funniest circus clown), dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1971 James Cash Penney, US founder (J C Penney), dies at 95

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • 1979 Jean Renoir, French writer/director (Human Beast), dies at 84
  • 1980 Muriel Rukeyser, American poet (b. 1913)
  • 1982 Cornelis Rijnsdorp, Dutch writer (Culprit), dies at 87
  • 1984 Julio Cort zar, Argentina writer (Final del Juego), dies at 69
  • 1984 Anna Anderson, claimant to the throne of Russia (b. 1896)
  • 1989 Mauritius Balfoort, French/Flemish director, dies at 83
  • 1989 Thomas Bernhard, Dutch/Austrian writer (Heldenplatz), dies at 58
  • 1991 Edward A Blatt, director (Between 2 Worlds), dies at 88
  • 1991 Robert F. Wagner Jr., Mayor of New York City (Democrat: 1954-65), dies at 80
  • 1991 Roger Patterson, American death metal bass player (b. 1968)
  • 1992 Ton Brandsteder, CEO (Sony Netherland BV), dies at 74
  • 1993 James Bulger, English child abducted, tortured and beaten to death at 2, by 10 year old boys
  • 1994 Donald Judd, US furniture maker/architect/artist, dies at 65
  • 1994 Sue Rodriguez, Canadian assisted suicide advocate (b. 1950)
  • 1995 L Jansma, Fries publisher (Friese stamp), dies
  • 1995 Rachid Mimouni, Algerian author (L'Honneur de la Tribu), dies at 49
  • 1996 Roger Omond, journalist, dies at 51
  • 1996 Bob Shaw, Northern Irish novelist (b. 1931)
  • 1997 Nora Beloff, journalist, dies at 78
  • 1997 Walter Ritchie, British sculptor (Man's Struggle), dies at 77

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2000 Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist, dies at 77

Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz
Cartoonist
Charles M. Schulz
  • 2003 Vali Myers, Australian painter (b. 1930)
  • 2011 Mato Damjanović, Croatian chess grandmaster (b. 1927)
  • 2012 John Severin, American comic book artist, dies at 90
  • 2013 Hennadiy Udovenko, Ukranian politician and diplomat (UN General Assembly President, 1997-98), dies at 81
  • 2015 David Carr, American journalist (New York Times), dies of cancer at 58