On This Day

On This Day in History for February 14

Events in History

  • 842 Charles II & Louis the German sign treaty
  • 1014 Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II Holy Roman Emperor


1076 Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV (for the 1st time)

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1130 Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone elected as anti-pope Anacletus II

Historic DiscoveryBlack Death

1349 900 Jews are burned alive in Strasbourg and similar number banned from the city after being blamed for the spread of the Black Death

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Medieval painting from 1353 showing the citizens of Tournai (today in Belgium) burying victims of the Black Death
Medieval painting from 1353 showing the citizens of Tournai (today in Belgium) burying victims of the Black Death
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1540 Emperor Charles V enters Ghent without resistance, executes rebels

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1556 English Archbishop Thomas Cranmer declared a heretic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1610 Polish King Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 & Romanov family sign covenant against Tsar Vasili Shushki

  • 1630 Dutch fleet of 69 ships reaches Pernambuco, Brazil
  • 1670 Roman Catholic Emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1689 English parliament places Mary Stuart and Prince William III on the throne

King of England William III
King of England
William III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1743 Henry Pelham becomes Britain's First Lord of Treasury

British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham

InventionScientific Discovery

1747 Astronomer James Bradley presents his discovery of the wobbling motion of the Earth on its axis to the Royal Society, London

Astronomer James Bradley
James Bradley
  • 1766 Dutch governor Falck and King Keerthisiri Rajasinghe of Kandy sign Treaty of Batticaloa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1777 US Congress commissions Benjamin Lincoln a major general in the Continental Army

Military Leader Benjamin Lincoln
Military Leader
Benjamin Lincoln
  • 1778 "Stars & Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)
  • 1794 1st US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Philadelphia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1797 The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself.

  • 1803 Apple parer patented by Moses Coats, Downington, Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1803 Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall
  • 1804 Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire
  • 1804 Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general who plotted to overthrow Napoleon in the Pichegru Conspiracy, arrested, and exiled to the United States
  • 1831 Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1844 John C. Frémont and his party become the first Europeans to discover Lake Tahoe during his second expedition through the American West

Frontiersman Kit Carson
Kit Carson

Famous PhotoOldest Photo of a Serving US President

1849 In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken (by Matthew Brady).

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James K. Polk, in a restored 1849 daguerrotype that is the oldest image of a serving American president
James K. Polk, in a restored 1849 daguerrotype that is the oldest image of a serving American president
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  • 1855 Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas.
  • 1859 Oregon admitted as 33rd state of the Union
  • 1862 Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Connecticut
  • 1867 Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection & Insurance Co issues 1st policy
  • 1867 Morehouse College organizes (Augusta Georgia)
  • 1870 Esther Morris appointed US' first female in Justice of the Peace in South Pass City, Wyoming, after previous justice, R.S. Barr, resigned to protest passage of Wyoming Territory's women's suffrage amendment in 1869
  • 1870 Seraph Young becomes the first woman to legally vote in the modern United States, two days after the Utah legislature passed a law allowing women the vote
  • 1872 1st US state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt, California)
  • 1876 Alexander G. Bell & Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor
  • 1879 Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
  • 1883 1st state labor union legislation; New Jersey legalizes unions
  • 1889 1st train load of fruit (oranges) leaves LA for east
  • 1894 Venus is both a morning star & evening star

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1896 George Lohmann takes a hat-trick for England v South Africa, 8-7 for inning - their lowest ever
  • 1896 Austro-Hungarian Zionist Theodor Herzl publishes "Der Judenstaat" (The Jewish State), encouraging Jews to purchase land in Palestine
  • 1896 Theodor Hertzl's "Der Judenstaat" (The Jewish State) is published, proposing a Jewish homeland as a means of escaping anti-Semitism in Europe
  • 1899 US Congress begins using voting machines
  • 1900 Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country
  • 1903 US Department of Commerce & Labor forms
  • 1907 1st US foxhound association forms in NYC
  • 1912 1st US submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Connecticut
  • 1912 Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state
  • 1914 High Council of Labor forms in Hague Netherlands
  • 1918 USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar (originally Feb 1)
  • 1919 United Parcel Service forms
  • 1919 The Polish-Soviet War begins.
  • 1920 League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
  • 1921 Canadian 5 cent nickel coin is authorized
  • 1921 Little Review faces obscenity charges for publishing "Ulysses," in New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Thomas J. Watson renames the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) as International Business Machines (IBM)

Businessman Thomas J. Watson
Thomas J. Watson
  • 1925 State of emergency crisis in Bavaria ends, NSDAP re-allowed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 St Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago, 7 gangsters killed, allegedly on Al Capone's orders

Gangster Al Capone
Al Capone
  • 1931 Spanish government of General Damasco Berenguer falls
  • 1936 National Negro Congress organizes in Chicago
  • 1936 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • 1940 British merchant vessel fleet is armed
  • 1941 One millionth vehicle traverses the NY Midtown Tunnel
  • 1941 Carson McCuller's "Reflections in a Golden Eye" published
  • 1941 Cebrie Park in the Bronx renamed Halsey Street
  • 1941 German Afrika Korps lands in Tripoli, Libya
  • 1942 Japanese parachutists land near oil center Palembang, Sumatra
  • 1942 Rotterdam's Maas tunnel opens
  • 1942 The Polish resistance movement, the Home Army, is formed and will eventually become the largest resistance movement in occupied Europe
  • 1942 World War II: Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore.
  • 1943 German offensive against US troops through de Faid-pass, Tunisia begins, starting the Battle of Sidi Bou Zid
  • 1943 The Soviet Union recaptures the city of Rostov-on-Don, liberating Russia from the German 17th Army during WWII
  • 1944 Anti-Japanese revolt on Java

Battle of InterestBombing of Dresden

1945 Second day of the bombing of Dresden by Allied air forces

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Dresden after the Allied firebombing campaign in 1945
Dresden after the Allied firebombing campaign in 1945
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  • 1945 Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
  • 1945 World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
  • 1945 World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
  • 1949 1st session of Knesset (Jerusalem Israel)
  • 1949 Dutch Drees government presents plan for the building of 30,000 houses
  • 1950 USSR & China sign peace treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Senator John F. Kennedy appears on "Meet the Press"

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1956 20th Congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
  • 1956 Indonesia withdraws from Netherlands Indonesian Union
  • 1956 Verhoeven, Nauta and De King/Wijnhout win Dutch 11 city skate
  • 1958 Arab Federation of Iraq & Jordan forms
  • 1959 $3.6 million heroin seizure in NYC
  • 1960 Marshal Ayub Khan elected President of Pakistan
  • 1961 Element 103, Lawrencium, 1st produced in Berkeley Calif

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 US 1st lady Jacqueline Kennedy conducts White House tour on TV

  • 1963 US launches communications satellite Syncom 1
  • 1966 Australian currency is decimalised, and decimal currency postage stamps introduced
  • 1966 Russian writers Andrei Sinyavsky & Joey Daniel found guilty under the offense of anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda for publishing their satirical writings abroad
  • 1967 Latin American nuclear free zone proposal drawn up

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in the White House

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1971 Tehran agreement signed; oil companies accept 55 percent tax rate, immediate increase in posted prices, and further successive increases
  • 1972 Luna 20 (Russia) launched to orbit & soft landing on Moon
  • 1972 Lord Widgery arrives in Coleraine, where the 'Bloody Sunday' (30 January 1972) Tribunal was to be based, and holds a preliminary hearing
  • 1975 Bomb explodes at annex of Amsterdam metro station
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1978 1st "micro on a chip" patented by Texas Instruments

Birthdays in History

  • 1452 Pandolfo Petrucci, Italian ruler of the Republic of Siena (1500-12) during the Renaissance, born in Siena, Italy (d. 1512)
  • 1462 Edzard I Cirksena, the Great, earl of East-Friesia (1494-1528)
  • 1468 Johann Werner, German mathematician, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1522)

Person of interestBabur

1483 Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur, Timurid founder and 1st Emperor of the Mughal dynasty in the Indian Subcontinent (1526-30), born in Andijan, Timurid Empire (present-day Uzbekistan) (d. 1530)

Founder of the Mughal Empire Babur
Founder of the Mughal Empire
  • 1487 Henry II of Bavaria, Bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), Worms (1523-52) and Freising (1541-52), born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1552)
  • 1515 Frederick III, the Pious, Elector Palatine of the Rhine, born in Simmern, Germany (d. 1576)
  • 1533 Christianus Adrichomius, Dutch Catholic priest & writer (Vita Jesu Christi), born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1585)
  • 1546 Johann Pistorius, German theologist & historian, born in Nidda, Germany (d. 1608)
  • 1621 Sybilla Schwarz, German baroque poet, born in Greifswald, Germany (d. 1638)
  • 1680 John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English privy councillor, born in Penshurst Place, Kent (d. 1737)
  • 1692 Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French writer (L’École des Mères), born in Paris (d. 1754)
  • 1701 Enrique Florez, Spanish historian, born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1773)
  • 1760 Richard Allen, 1st African American ordained by Methodist-Episcopal church, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1831)
  • 1763 Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general, born in Morlaix, Brittany, France (d. 1813)
  • 1800 Emory Washburn, 22nd Governor of Massachusetts (1854-55), born in Leicester, Massachusetts (d. 1877)
  • 1804 Otis Tufts, American machinist & inventor who built printing machines, steam engines, firefighting equipment and invented the steam pile driver, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1869)
  • 1806 Lajos, Count Batthyany, 1st Prime Minister of Hungary, born in Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1849)
  • 1812 Alfred Thomas Agate, American artist, born in Sparta, New York (d. 1846)
  • 1813 John McNeil, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1891)

Person of interestFrederick Douglass

1818 Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave (exact birth year unknown), born in Talbot County, Maryland (d. 1895)

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • 1819 James Green Martin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Elizabeth City, North Carolina (d. 1878)

Person of interestChristopher Latham Sholes

1819 Christopher Latham Sholes, American newspaper man, politician and inventor of the typewriter, born in Mooresburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1890)

Inventor of the QWERTY Keyboard Christopher Latham Sholes
Inventor of the QWERTY Keyboard
Christopher Latham Sholes
  • 1824 Winfield Scott Hancock, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Montgomeryville, Pennsylvania (d. 1886)
  • 1828 Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (Le Roi des montagnes), born in Dieuze, Lorraine (d. 1885)
  • 1829 Alfred Iverson Jr., Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Clinton, Georgia (d. 1911)
  • 1835 Francois Haverschmidt, Dutch writer (Snikken en grimlachjes), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1894)
  • 1838 Margaret E. Knight, American inventor (flat-bottomed paper bag), described as a "female Thomas Edison", born in York, Maine (d. 1914)
  • 1846 Julian Scott, American artist and Civil War Medal of Honor recipient, born in Johnson, Vermont (d. 1901)
  • 1847 Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1919)
  • 1847 Maria Pia of Savoy, Queen of Portugal, born in Roal Palace, Turin, Sardinia (d. 1911)
  • 1848 Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer, born in Chalon-sur-Saône, France (d. 1934)
  • 1853 Jan van Rijswijck, Flemish journalist and Mayor of Antwerp, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1906)
  • 1856 Frank Harris, Irish-American journalist and writer (My Life & Loves), born in Galway, Ireland (d. 1931)
  • 1858 Joseph Thomson, Scottish geologist and early African explorer (Thomson's Gazelle), born in Penpont, Dumfries, Scotland (d. 1895)
  • 1859 George Washington Gale Ferris Jr., American engineer and inventor (Ferris Wheel), born in Galesburg, Illinois (d. 1896)
  • 1860 Eugen Schiffer, German lawyer & liberal politician, born in Breslau, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1954)
  • 1860 Waldemar Lindgren, Swedish-American Geologist (economic geology, ore classification), born in Vassmolösa, Kalmar, Sweden (d. 1939)
  • 1864 Israel Zangwill, Jewish author (Children of The Ghetto) and Zionist leader, born in London (d. 1926)
  • 1864 Robert E. Park, American sociologist (human ecology, marginal man), born in Harveyville, Pennsylvania (d. 1944)
  • 1868 Henricus Andreas Poels, Dutch Roman Catholic theologist and social foreman, born in Venray, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • 1869 Charles Wilson, Scottish physicist and meteorologist (Wilson cloud chamber-Nobel), born in Glencorse, Scotland (d. 1959)
  • 1878 Julius Nieuwland, Belgian-American chemist (inventor of neoprene), born in Hansbeke, Belgium (d. 1936)
  • 1881 Otto Selz, German psychologist, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1881 William John Gruffydd, Welsh poet & scholar, born in Gorffwysfa, Bethel, Wales (d. 1954)
  • 1882 George Jean Nathan, American editor, author and critic (American Mercury), born in Fort Wayne, Indiana (d. 1958)
  • 1884 Hezekiah M. Washburn, American Presbyterian Congo missionary, born in Brooksville, Bracken, Kentucky (d. 1972)
  • 1884 Kostas Varnalis, Greek poet, born in Burgas, Bulgaria (d. 1974)
  • 1885 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian-Pakistani Prominent Muslim philosopher (d. 1949)
  • 1886 Theodor Werner, German painter, born in Jettenburg, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1890 Nina Hamnett, Welsh artist & writer, born in Tenby, Pembrokeshire, Wales (d. 1956)
  • 1892 Radola Gajda, Czech military commander & politician, born in Kotor, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • 1893 Kay Fisker, Danish architect (Hornbeck House, Copenhagen), born in Frederiksberg, Denmark (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Max Horkheimer, German philosopher & sociologist (Studies in prejudice), born in Zuffenhausen, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1896 Edward Arthur Milne, English astrophysicist (kinematic relativity), born in Yorkshire, England (d. 1950)
  • 1898 Fritz Zwicky, Swiss astronomer (supernova, dark matter), born in Varna, Bulgaria (d. 1974)
  • 1899 John Herman Randall Jr., American philosopher (Western Man), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan (d. 1980)
  • 1904 Charles William Oatley, electrical engineer
  • 1904 Hanning Phillips, Lord Lieutenant (Dyfed)
  • 1904 Hertha Kuusinen, Finnish communist
  • 1909 A. Moses Klein, Canadian poet (Hath Not a Jew...), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1911 Willem J. Kolff, Dutch-American internist & inventor (Artificial Kidney)
  • 1912 Edmund George Love, American historian & author (A Small Bequest)=
  • 1912 Juan Pujol Garcia [Garbo/Arabel], Spanish British/German double agent
  • 1912 Oliver Wendell Harrington, cartoonist
  • 1912 Tibor Sekelj, Croatian explorer (d. 1988)
  • 1913 Ab [Albert] Visser, Dutch poet/writer (Man Without a Head)
  • 1913 James Pike, American bishop (Beyond Anxiety), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1913 Jimmy Hoffa, Teamsters leader who disappeared in 1975
  • 1914 Margarete Mewes, Nazi overseer at concentration camp
  • 1915 A W H Stewart-Moore, CEO (Gallaher)
  • 1916 Masaki Kobayashi, Japanese director (Joi-uchi)
  • 1916 Marcel Bigeard, French general
  • 1917 Herbert A Hauptman, American x-ray crystallographer (Nobel 1985), born in NYC, New York
  • 1921 Albert Sloman, Vice-Chancellor (Essex U)
  • 1921 Skeezix, of "Gasoline Alley" discovered on Wallets' doorstep
  • 1923 Derrick Holden-Brown, CEO (Allied-Lyons)
  • 1924 Patricia Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma, born in Westminster, London, England (d. 2017)
  • 1925 Gwendolyn Faison, American politician (Mayor of Camden, New Jersey, 2000-10), born in Clinton, North Carolina (d. 2021)
  • 1928 Ben Garrido Blaz, (Rep-R-Guam, 1985- )
  • 1928 Juan Garcia Hortelano, Spanish author (Tormenta de verano)
  • 1929 Matthew G Martinez, (Rep-D-CA, 1982- )
  • 1930 Duncan Montgomery Stewart, principal (Lady Margaret Hall-Oxford)
  • 1932 Jack Hibbert, director (Central Statistical Office)
  • 1932 Jocelyn Stevens, CEO (English Heritage)
  • 1932 Michael Ball, Bishop (Truro)
  • 1932 Peter Ball, Bishop (Gloucester)
  • 1932 Leo Thorsness, American Vietnam War pilot (Medal of Honor), born in Walnut Grove, Minnesota (d. 2017)
  • 1933 Evelyn Ebsworth, Vice-Chancellor (Durham U), born in Richmond, United Kingdom (d. 2015)
  • 1935 David Wilson, Scottish administrator and 27th Governor of Hong Kong (1987-92), born in Alloa, Scotland
  • 1936 Fanne Foxe [Annabella Battistella], Argentine-American exotic dancer famous for her involvement in a sex scandal with Wilbur Mills, born in Nueve de Julio, Argentina
  • 1936 Takuo Aoyagi, Japanese engineer who invented the pulse oximeter, born in Niigata Prefecture, Japan (d. 2020)
  • 1937 John MacGregor, British MP
  • 1940 Porpoise, 1st born in captivity in US (Marineland, Fla)
  • 1941 Paul Tsongas, American politician (Sen-D-Mass), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 1997)
  • 1941 Donna Shalala, American educator
  • 1942 Margaret Wright, chief commissioner (Guide Association)
  • 1942 Michael Bloomberg, American philanthropist, politician, and CEO of Bloomberg L.P., born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1943 Israël "Ischa" Meijer, Dutch journalist, critic and author (Een Dik Uur Ischa, Boezemvriend), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1995)

Person of interestCarl Bernstein

1944 Carl Bernstein, American investigative reporter who covered Watergate for the Washington Post, born in Washington, D. C.

Investigative Reporter Carl Bernstein
Investigative Reporter
Carl Bernstein
  • 1945 Hans Adam, prince of Liechtenstein

Weddings in History

LovePerson of Interest

1451 Louis, dauphin of France (later Louis XI) (27) marries Charlotte of Savoy (9) without the consent of King Charles VII

King of France Louis XI
King of France
Louis XI
  • 1613 King James I's daughter Elizabeth marries Frederik

LoveWedding of Interest

1903 Psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (27) weds Emma Rauschenbach (20)

Psychiatrist Carl Jung
Carl Jung

LoveWedding of Interest

1922 Soldier Douglas MacArthur (42) marries 1st wife heiress Louise Cromwell Brooks (32)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur

LoveWedding of Interest

1943 Walmart founder Sam Walton (24) weds Helen Robson (23)

Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart Sam Walton
Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart
Sam Walton

LoveWedding of Interest

1988 Astronaut Buzz Aldrin (58) weds Lois Driggs Cannon

Astronaut Buzz Aldrin
Buzz Aldrin

LoveWedding of Interest

2006 Mobster and nbi informant Henry Hill (62) weds Lisa Caserta

Mobster and FBI informant Henry Hill
Mobster and FBI informant
Henry Hill
  • 2007 Former Atomic Kitten member Kerry Katona (26) weds Mark Croft in Gretna Green
  • 2013 Wedding planner to the stars Preston Bailey (63) weds Theo Bleckmann (47) at Empire State Building

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1919 Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein (39) divorces Mileva Maric after 16 years of marriage

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein

Deaths in History

  • 270 St. Valentine dies giving birth to Valentine's Day (some sources say 269, others 273)
  • 869 Saint Cyril, Greek monk, scholar, theologian and linguist (b. 827) Called "apostle of Slavs"
  • 1317 Marguerite of France, queen of Edward I of England (b. 1282)

MurderRichard II

1400 Richard II, king of England (1377-99), murdered at age 33 at Pontefract Castle

King of England Richard II
King of England
Richard II
  • 1528 Edzard I the Great, count of Austria-E Frisia (1494-1528), dies at 66
  • 1571 Benvenuto Cellini, Italian sculptor, goldsmith and author (Perseus), dies at 70
  • 1571 Odet de Coligny, Cardinal of Châtillon and count of Beauvais, dies at 53
  • 1676 Abraham Bosse, French engraver and artist
  • 1714 Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen consort of Spain to Philip V (1701-14), dies tuberculosis at 25
  • 1737 Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot of Hensol, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1685)
  • 1744 John Hadley, English mathematician and inventor (octant), dies at 61

Person of interestJames Cook

1779 James Cook, British explorer, navigator and cartographer, discovered and explored Australia, Pacific Islands and New Zealand for Britain, killed in a fight with Hawaiians near Kealakekua at 50

Explorer James Cook
James Cook

Person of interestWilliam Blackstone

1780 William Blackstone, English jurist (Blackstone's Commentaries), dies at 56

Person of interestJohn Dickinson

1808 John Dickinson, American lawyer and Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania, dies at 75

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson
  • 1820 Charles F, Duke of Berry, murdered at 42
  • 1820 Cosme Argerich, Argentine physician and founder of the Medicine School of Buenos Aires, dies at 61

BattleVicente Guerrero

1831 Vicente Guerrero, Mexican revolutionary hero, general and 2nd President of Mexico (1829, executed by firing squad at 48

Revolutionary General and President of Mexico Vicente Guerrero
Revolutionary General and President of Mexico
Vicente Guerrero
  • 1831 Henry Maudslay, English inventor of the metal lathe, dies at 59
  • 1845 Joseph Lakanal, French Politician and Educator, dies at 82
  • 1846 Cornelis Felix van Maanen, Dutch Minister of Justice (1807-42), dies at 76
  • 1870 St. John Richardson Liddell, American Civil War Confederate General, dies at 54
  • 1881 Fernando Wood, New York City mayor (b. 1812)
  • 1884 Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt, 1st wife of Theodore Roosevelt, dies of Bright's disease at 22
  • 1885 Jules Vallès, French writer (b. 1832)

Person of interestWilliam Tecumseh Sherman

1891 William Tecumseh Sherman, American Major General in the Union Army, dies at 71

  • 1894 Eugène Charles Catalan, French-Belgian mathematician (worked on continued fractions, descriptive geometry, number theory and combinatorics), dies at 79
  • 1916 Petko Todorov, Bulgarian writer (Zmejova), dies at 36
  • 1922 Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish lawyer and politician (Minister of the Interior), assassinated at 41
  • 1942 Adnan Bin Saidi, Officer of the Malay Regiment killed in the defense of Singapore (b. 1915)
  • 1943 David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert spaces, invariant theory, axiomatization of geometry, dies at 81
  • 1949 Yusuf Salman Yusuf, Iraqi-Assyrian communist leader (b. 1901)
  • 1950 Eduard Hermann, German linguist (Homer), dies at 80
  • 1950 Karl G Jansky, Czech discoverer of cosmic radio sources, dies at 44
  • 1958 Abdul Rab Nishtar, veteran leader of Pakistan Movement, (b. 1899)
  • 1969 Vito Genovese, Italian-American crime syndicate boss, dies at 71
  • 1975 Heintje Davids [Hendrika David], Dutch cabaret artist, dies at 87
  • 1975 Julian S. Huxley, English biologist, 1st director-general of UNESCO, dies at 87
  • 1975 P. G. Wodehouse, English-American writer (Bertie Wooster novels), dies at 93
  • 1979 Adolph Dubs, US ambassador to Afghanistan, murdered
  • 1984 Elmer Keith, American firearms enthusiast and author (Guns & Ammo), dies at 84
  • 1987 Karolos Koun, Greek theater director (b. 1908)
  • 1989 James Bond, American ornithologist (b. 1900)
  • 1991 Arno Breker, German architect and sculptor (Third Reich), dies at 90
  • 1991 John A McCone, Head of CIA (1961-65), dies
  • 1991 Carlo L. Golino, Italian-American scholar, dies at 77
  • 1994 Christopher Lasch, American historian and author (The Culture of Narcissism), dies of metastatic cancer at 61
  • 1994 Andrei Chikatilo, Soviet-Russian serial killer who murdered at least 52 women and children between 1978 and 1990, executed by a single gunshot at 57
  • 1995 Alberto Burri, Italian physician/sculptor/painter, dies at 79
  • 1995 Patricia Highsmith, writer, dies at 74
  • 1995 Roger de Grey, British landscape painter and President of Royal Academy (1984-93), dies at 76
  • 1995 Siem Suurhoff, TV-director (Behind the News, Sonja), dies at 58
  • 1995 U Nu, 1st Prime Minister of Burma (1948-56, 1960-62), dies at 87
  • 1995 Israël "Ischa" Meijer, Dutch journalist, critic and author (Een Dik Uur Ischa, Boezemvriend), dies of a myocardial infarction at 52
  • 1996 Lady Caroline Blackwood, British journalist and writer (The Last of the Duchess), dies at 64
  • 1996 Eva Hart, Titanic survivor, dies at 90
  • 1996 Ivan William Hannaford, sociologist, dies at 64
  • 1999 John Ehrlichman, American presidential advisor (b. 1925)
  • 2000 Walter Zinn, Canadian-American nuclear physicist (invented the breeder reactor), dies at 93
  • 2001 Alan Ross, British poet and editor (London Magazine), dies at 78

Person of interestDolly the Sheep

2003 Dolly the Sheep, first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell dies young from a progressive lung disease aged 6

  • 2005 Rafik Hariri, Lebanese politician and billionaire businessman (b. 1944)
  • 2009 Bernard Ashley, English businessperson, fashion designer and co-founder of Laura Ashley, dies of cancer at 82
  • 2015 Louis Jourdan [Louis Robert Gendre], French actor (The Paradine Case, Count Dracula, Gigi, Octopussy), dies at 93
  • 2015 Philip Levine, American poet (1995 Pulitzer prize), dies at 87
  • 2015 Michele Ferrero, Italian entrepreneur (Ferrero SpA) created Nutella, dies at 89
  • 2018 Ruud Lubbers, Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1982-94), dies at 78