On This Day

On This Day in History for February 15

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

399 BC Philosopher Socrates is sentenced to death by the city of Athens for corrupting the minds of the youth of the city and for impiety

Philosopher Socrates
  • 590 Khosrau II, the last great Sasanian king is crowned King of Persia
  • 732 Zen teacher Ho-tse Shen-hui disputes founder of Northern Ch'an line
  • 1145 Bernardo elected Pope Eugene III
  • 1313 Peace of Angleur, Liège signed
  • 1386 Duke Philip the Stout forms Council of Flanders
  • 1539 Emperor Charles receives Cardinal Pole in Toledo
  • 1552 Dutch coast hit by heavy storm
  • 1563 Russian troops occupy Polotsk Lithuania
  • 1637 Ferdinand III succeeds Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1676 Isaac Newton writes to Robert Hooke “If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants” (O.S. 5 Feb)

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
Scientist Robert Hooke
Robert Hooke

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1677 King Charles II reports anti-French covenant with Netherlands

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1714 Parliament of Paris accepts Pope Clemens XI's "Unigenitus" decree
  • 1745 Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny" premieres in London
  • 1763 Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign the Treaty of Hubertusburg, marking the end of the French and Indian War and of the Seven Years' War
  • 1764 St. Louis, Missouri founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclède
  • 1768 1st mustard manufactured in America advertised, Philadelphia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI

Pope Pius VI
Pius VI
  • 1798 Louis Alexandre Berthier proclaim a Roman Republic after conquering Rome
  • 1799 1st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
  • 1804 New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery
  • 1805 Harmony Society is officially formed.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1830 Beginning of the famous debate between French naturalists Georges Cuvier and Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire on animal structure

Naturalist and Zoologist Georges Cuvier
Naturalist and Zoologist
Georges Cuvier
  • 1842 1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), NYC
  • 1845 William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72 inch (183 cm) reflector
  • 1848 Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
  • 1851 Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescuing a fugitive slave
  • 1852 Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • 1861 Fort Point, in San Francisco, California, completed & garrisoned (but has never fired cannon in anger)
  • 1862 Grant's major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee
  • 1864 Fire in Rotterdam damages Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen
  • 1867 Johann Strauss' "Blue Danube" waltz premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1870 Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minnesota
  • 1876 Historic Elm at Boston blown down
  • 1879 US Congress authorizes women lawyers to practise before Supreme Court
  • 1882 SS Dunedin leaves New Zealand for Britain with the first cargo of frozen meat.
  • 1891 AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens.
  • 1895 23 cm (9 inches) of snow falls on New Orleans
  • 1898 USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown, 258 sailors die

BattleHistoric Siege

1900 Boer War: Siege of Kimberley broken by British troops under Lieutenant-General John French after a 124 day siege. Kimberley defense led by Cecil Rhodes.

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1902 Berlin U-Bahn (Underground railway) opened
  • 1903 1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom
  • 1906 British Labour Party founded
  • 1912 Schooner 'Fram' reaches latitude 78° 41' S, farthest south ever by ship
  • 1913 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC
  • 1917 San Francisco Public Library (Main Branch at Civic center) dedicated
  • 1918 US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany off Ireland

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1918 Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania adopt the Gregorian calendar

Read Article
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Read Article
  • 1919 American Legion organizes in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Marconi begins regular broadcasting transmissions from Essex

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1924 A deputation for the South African Indian Congress (SAIC) meets with the Minister of the Interior, Sir Patrick Duncan, and presents him with a memorandum setting out their objections concerning the Class Areas Bill
  • 1926 Brooks Atkinson Theater opens at 256 W 47th St NYC
  • 1926 Contract air mail service begins in US
  • 1932 George Burns & Gracie Allen debut as regulars on the "Guy Lombardo Show"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 John Van Druten's "There's Always Juliet" premieres in NYC

Playwright John Van Druten
John Van Druten
  • 1933 Karl Radek praises invincible force of German communist party

MurderAssassination Attempt

1933 President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt survives assassination attempt but Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak is mortally wounded, he would die on March 29

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1933 Social-democratic newspaper "Vorwarts" banned again in Berlin
  • 1936 -60°F (-51°C), Parshall, North Dakota (state record)

CarVolkswagen Beetle

1936 Adolf Hitler announces construction of the Volkswagen Beetle (the People's Car, aka the Käfer/Beetle)

Learn More
The last edition of an 'old style' VW Beetle
The last edition of an 'old style' VW Beetle
Learn More
  • 1939 German battleship Bismarck was launched
  • 1942 German U-boat shells Antillian oil refinery
  • 1942 Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra
  • 1942 World War II: British ruled Singapore surrenders to the Japanese
  • 1943 Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid

Historic PublicationWe Can Do It!

1943 Wartime propaganda poster "We Can Do It!" produced by J. Howard Miller and posted on the walls of Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company's plants in the Midwest

Learn More
American wartime propaganda poster produced by J. Howard Miller in 1943 for Westinghouse Electric
American wartime propaganda poster produced by J. Howard Miller in 1943 for Westinghouse Electric
Learn More
  • 1944 891 British bombers attack Berlin in the largest raid by the RAF against the city
  • 1944 Allies begin attack on Axis held Monte Cassino monastery, Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Mao Zedong's army occupies Yenan

Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1950 WM Inge's "Come Back, Little Sheba" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 King George VI is buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, England

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • 1954 1st Bevatron particle accelerator in operation at Berkeley, California
  • 1955 1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced
  • 1956 Urho Kekkonen appointed president of Finland
  • 1956 Pirates & KC As cancel an exhibition game in Birmingham Alabama, because of local ordinance barring black from playing against white
  • 1957 Andrei A Gromyko succeeds Dmitri Shepilov as Soviet foreign minister
  • 1958 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Barbara Wagner/Rob Paul of CAN
  • 1958 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Carol Heiss of USA
  • 1958 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by David Jenkins USA
  • 1958 Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara forms anti-government of Middle Sumatra

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Antonio Segni forms Italian government

Prime Minister of Italy Antonio Segni
Prime Minister of Italy
Antonio Segni
  • 1961 Entire US figure skating team is killed in an air crash outside Brussels airport in Belgium whilst flying to World Championships in Prague from NYC; 72 passengers, including 34 American skaters, coaches, officials, and other members of extended team are lost
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Ken Lynch records "Misery," 1st Lennon-McCartney song by someone else
  • 1965 Red Maple Leaf Flag becomes the official flag of Canada
  • 1967 1st anti-bootleg recording laws enacted
  • 1967 D66 (D'66) wins 7 seats in Dutch 2nd Chamber
  • 1967 Longest dream (REM sleep) on record, Bill Carskadon, Chicago (2:23)
  • 1968 Anaheim's Les Salvage scores 10, 3-pt baskets in ABA game vs Denver
  • 1970 Dominican DC-9 crashes into sea at Santo Domingo, kills 102
  • 1970 Nationalists disrupt UN session on Congo
  • 1971 After 1,200 years Great Britain abandons pence & shilling system for decimal currency
  • 1971 A British soldier dies 7 days after being mortally wounded in an Irish Republican Army attack in North Ireland
  • 1972 Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes metropolitan of Imbros and Tenedos
  • 1972 President Velasco Ibarra of Ecuador deposed for 4th time
  • 1972 Sound recordings are granted U.S. federal copyright protection for the first time.
  • 1973 USSR launches Prognoz 3 to study sun (589/200,300 km)
  • 1977 Social-democrats win Danish parliamentary election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Escaped mass murderer Ted Bundy recaptured, Pensacola, Florida

Serial Killer Ted Bundy
Serial Killer
Ted Bundy

Birthdays in History

  • 1368 Sigismund, Holy Roman emperor (1410-37), born in Nuremberg, Kingdom of Germany (d. 1437)
  • 1458 Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. 1490)
  • 1471 Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1503)
  • 1497 Philipp Melanchthon, German Protestant
  • 1519 Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Spanish admiral and explorer who founded St. Augustine, Florida, born in Avilés, Spain (d. 1574)
  • 1524 Charles de Guise, archbishop/cardinal of Reims

Person of interestGalileo Galilei

1564 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, born in Pisa, Duchy of Florence, Italy (d. 1642)

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1620 Francois Charpentier, French scholar and archaeologist, born in Paris, France (d. 1702)
  • 1650 Anne Jules duke de Noailles, marshal of France (Huguenot)
  • 1660 Frans Anneessens, Belgian merchant/dean of artisans
  • 1666 Antonio M Valsalva, Italian anatomist (eardrums, glottis)
  • 1705 Charles-André Van Loo, French Rococo painter, born in Nice, France (d. 1765)
  • 1707 Claude Prosper, novelist, born in Paris, France
  • 1710 Louis XV 'Louis the Beloved', King of France (1715-74), born in the Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1774)
  • 1726 Abraham Clark, American politician, signed US Declaration of Independence, born in Elizabethtown, New Jersey (d. 1794)
  • 1739 Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect (d. 1813)
  • 1748 Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher/originator (Utilitarian), born in London, England
  • 1759 Friedrich A Wolfius [Wolf], German philological (Prolegomena)
  • 1764 Jens I Baggesen, Danish writer/linguist (Danske V'rker)
  • 1768 Jozef B Cannaert [Olim], Flemish lawyer
  • 1774 Frederik, prince of Orange-Nassau, son of William V, born in the Hague, Netherlands (d. 1799)
  • 1795 Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general (10 day campaign)
  • 1800 Frederik W Conrad, Dutch hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer
  • 1803 John Augustus Sutter, Swiss/US colonist (New Helvetia Ca, Sutter Mill)

Person of interestCyrus McCormick

1809 Cyrus McCormick, American inventor and businessman (mechanical reaper), born in Shenandoah Valley, Virginia (d. 1884)

Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus McCormick
Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper
Cyrus McCormick
  • 1809 André Dumont, Belgian geologist, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1857)
  • 1811 Domingo F Sarmiento, President of Argentina (1868-74), born in San Juan, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (d. 1888)

Person of interestCharles Lewis Tiffany

1812 Charles Lewis Tiffany, American jeweler and founder of Tiffany & Co, born in Killingly, Connecticut (d. 1902)

Jeweller and Entrepreneur Charles Lewis Tiffany
Jeweller and Entrepreneur
Charles Lewis Tiffany
  • 1817 Charles-François Daubigny, French painter of the Barbizon school, born in Paris (d. 1878)

Person of interestSusan B. Anthony

1820 Susan B. Anthony, American social reformer and women's suffrage movement leader, born in Adams, Massachusetts (d. 1906)

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1821 Abraham de Amorie van der de Have, Dutch theologist and poet, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • 1823 Li Hung-Tshang, Chinese rebel leader/viceroy of Tsheli Canton
  • 1825 Carter Harrison, Sr., American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1826 George Johnstone Stoney, Irish physicist (introduced term electron), born in Oakley Park, Ireland (d. 1911)
  • 1828 Johan H van Dale, schoolmaster (New Dutch Language Dictionary)
  • 1829 Silas Weir Mitchell, American physician (discovered causalgia, erythromelalgia) and author (Roland Blake, Hugh Wynne), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1914)
  • 1834 William Henry Preece, Welsh electrical engineer/wireless pioneer, born in Caernarfon, Wales (d. 1913)
  • 1835 Alexander Stuart Webb, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1911)
  • 1841 Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, Brazilian politician (d. 1913)
  • 1845 Elihu Root, American statesman (R)/US Secretary of State (1905-09)/Nobel Peace Prize (1912), born in Clinton, New York (d. 1937)
  • 1856 Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist who developed a classification system for mental illness, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1926)
  • 1858 William Pickering, astronomer (9th & 10th moons of Saturn), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1938)
  • 1861 Alfred North Whitehead, British mathematician and philosopher (Adventures of Ideas), born in Ramsgate, England (d. 1947)
  • 1861 Halford John Mackinder, British geographer ( Britain and the British Seas), born in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1947)
  • 1866 Bannister Fletcher, English architect and architectural historian (A History of Architecture), born in London (d. 1953)
  • 1873 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), born in Augsburg, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1964)

Person of interestErnest Shackleton

1874 Ernest Shackleton, British-Irish polar explorer (Endurance, Antarctica), born in Kilkea, Ireland (d. 1922)

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • 1883 Sax Rohmer [Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward], English author (Dr Fu Manchu novels), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1959)
  • 1887 H M Bateman, Sutton Forest NSW, cartoonist
  • 1890 Robert Ley, Nazi politician. Committed suicide 1945.
  • 1892 James Forrestal, American banker/minister of Navy
  • 1893 Harm H Kamerlingh Onnes, painter/etcher/ceramist
  • 1894 Oswaldo Aranha, Brazil, lawyer/statesman (1st President of UN)
  • 1901 Andre Parrot, French archaeologist/theologist (Assur)
  • 1901 Christmas Humphreys, England, lawyer/writer/Buddhist (Awakening of Zen)
  • 1901 Paul Haesaerts, Flemish architect/painter (Animisme)
  • 1904 Mary Adshead, muralist/painter
  • 1906 Stephen Brown, CEO (Stone-Platt Industries)
  • 1908 Ypk fan der Fear, Frisian writer (Reade Runen)
  • 1908 Sarto Fournier, Quebec politician (d. 1980)
  • 1909 Harold Beeley, British diplomat
  • 1909 Miep Gies, Dutch biographer of Anne Frank
  • 1911 Leonard Woodcock, labor leader (UAW)
  • 1912 George Mikes, Hungarian British writer (How to Be an Alien)
  • 1913 Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist (Suske & Wiske)
  • 1914 R W Woods, bishop (Worcester)
  • 1914 Hale Boggs, American politician (d. 1972)
  • 1916 Ian Ballantine, publisher (Ballantine Books)
  • 1920 Piet van Aken, Flemish writer (Klinkaart, Het begeren), born in Terhagen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1984
  • 1920 Richard O'Brien, CEO (Manpower Services Commission)
  • 1920 Endicott Peabody, 62nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1997)
  • 1921 Radha Krishna Choudhary, Indian historian and writer (d. 1985)
  • 1922 Herman Kahn, NJ, writer (Thinking About the Unthinkable)
  • 1922 John B. Anderson, American politician and 1980 Republican presidential candidate, born in Rockford, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Justice Drake, British justice
  • 1923 Yelena Bonner, Soviet dissident and wife of Andre Sakharov, born in Merv, Turkmenistan, Soviet Union (d. 2011) [1]
  • 1927 Frank Dunlop, director (Edinburgh International Festival)
  • 1929 James Schlesinger, US Secretary of Defense (1973-75)
  • 1930 C F Payne, British chief constable, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1931 W K Reid, British ombudsman
  • 1932 Adrian Swire, British aircraft magnate (Cathay Pacific)
  • 1933 Adolfo, Cardones Cuba, fashion designer (Nancy Reagan)
  • 1934 Niklaus Wirth, Swiss computer programmer/inventor (PASCAL)
  • 1934 Paul Ekman, American psychologist, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1935 John R Block, US Secretary of Agriculture (1981-86)
  • 1935 Roger B Chaffee, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, born in Grand Rapids Michigan
  • 1935 Susan Brownmiller, feminist author (Against Our Wills), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1937 Terry Everett, (Rep-R-Alabama)
  • 1937 Gregory Mcdonald, American author
  • 1938 Jack Tinker, British drama critic (d.1996)
  • 1938 Lord Justice Ward, British judge
  • 1939 Jo Clayton, American sci-fi author (Irsud, Maeve, Star Hunters)
  • 1939 Tony Bloom, deputy CEO (Sketchley)
  • 1939 Robert Hansen, American serial killer
  • 1940 Hamzah Haz, Indonesian politician
  • 1944 Aleksandr Serebrov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-7, T-8, TM-8, TM-17), born in Moscow, USSR (d. 2013)
  • 1944 Tineke Netelenbos, Dutch director and politician (PvdA), born in Wormerveer, Holland
  • 1945 Douglas Hofstadter, American academic and writer
  • 1946 Clare Short, British MP
  • 1946 John Greenway, British MP

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1867 Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky (45) weds Anna Snitkina at Trinity Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Deaths in History

  • 1043 Gisela of Swabia, Holy Roman Empire Empress as wife of Holy Roman Emperor Conrad II, dies at 52
  • 1145 Lucius II [Gherardo Caccianemici], Italian Pope (1144-45), dies
  • 1152 Konrad III, Roman-German King (1138-1152), dies at about 58
  • 1503 Henry Deane, Archbishop of Canterbury (1501-03), dies
  • 1568 Hendrik van Brederode, Dutch noble (Compromise of Nobles), dies at 36
  • 1580 Cunerus Petri, Dutch theologist/bishop of Leeuwarden, dies
  • 1597 Pieter J Kies, Dutch mayor of Haarlem (1572-73), dies at about 66
  • 1600 Jose the Acosta, Spanish missionary (Peru), dies at 59(?)
  • 1634 Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (Father of German surgery), dies at 73

Person of interestFerdinand II

1637 Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia & Hungary and German Emperor (1619-37), dies at 58

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
  • 1660 Klaas Geritsz Compaen, Dutch buccaneer/merchant, dies at 72
  • 1713 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, writer, dies
  • 1738 Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (b. 1684)
  • 1759 Alexander von Papenhoven, Flemish religious sculptor, dies at 89
  • 1775 Peter Dens, Flemish Catholic theologian, dies at 84
  • 1781 Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Saxon playwright/critic, dies at 52
  • 1818 Charles XIII, King of Sweden (1809-18)/Norway (1814-18), dies at 69
  • 1820 Pierre-Joseph Cambon, French member of Committee of Salut Public, dies at 63
  • 1820 William Ellery, US attorney (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 92
  • 1835 Henry Hunt, British politician, dies
  • 1839 Chevalier de Lorimier, Quebec notary (b. 1803)
  • 1841 Sibrandus Stratingh, Dutch phyisican and chemist (electrical car), dies at 53
  • 1843 Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general and leader of the Greek War of Independence (1821-29), dies at 72

Person of interestHenry Addington

1844 Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1801-04), dies at 86

British Prime Minister Henry Addington
British Prime Minister
Henry Addington
  • 1847 Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (geometry), dies at 52
  • 1848 Hermann von Boyen, Prussian field marshal (b. 1771)
  • 1849 Pierre François Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (logistic curve), dies at 44
  • 1864 William Dyce, painter, dies
  • 1865 Nicholas Wiseman, 1st Archbishop of Westminster (1850-65), dies at 62
  • 1869 Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (b. 1796)
  • 1891 Claudius W. Sears, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 74
  • 1896 E J Nicholson, writer, dies
  • 1905 Lewis Wallace, US diplomat/writer (Ben Hur), dies at 77
  • 1911 Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (b. 1859)
  • 1917 Charles A van Ophuysen, Dutch orientalist, dies at 60
  • 1919 Pieter K Pel, Dutch internist (Pel-Ebstein fever), dies at 66
  • 1922 Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann, German/Dutch anarchist/feminist, dies at 36
  • 1923 Josephine Beall Bruce, African-American activist (NACW), dies at 69

Person of interestH. H. Asquith

1928 H. H. Asquith, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1908-16), dies at 75

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • 1939 Foppe G Scheltema, Dutch lawyer, dies at 47
  • 1939 Henri Jaspar, 27th Prime Minister of Belgium (1927-31), dies at 68
  • 1939 Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Russian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1959 Owen Willans Richardson, British physicist (Nobel 1928), dies at 69
  • 1964 Robert L. Thornton, American businessman and politician (b. 1880)
  • 1966 Camillo Torres, Colombian priest/guerrilla fighter, dies
  • 1966 Gerard Ciołek, Polish architect, dies at 56
  • 1967 William C Bullitt, 1st US ambassador in USSR, dies at 76
  • 1967 J. Frank Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), dies at 97
  • 1970 Hugh Dowding, commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, dies at 87
  • 1972 Edgar Snow, American author and journalist (Battle for Asia), dies at 66
  • 1972 Jef [Josephus CF] Last, Dutch poet/Indonesian politician, dies at 73
  • 1979 Mehdi Rahimi, Iran general/milt governor of Tehran, executed
  • 1984 Leamon Hunt, American Director General of Multinational Force and Observers (international peacekeepers) in Sinai, assassinated Red Brigade communists in Rome, at 56
  • 1988 Gardiner Means, US economist, dies at 91
  • 1988 Gerard Holt, architect, dies at 83
  • 1988 Neil R. Jones, American sci-fi writer (Space War, Twin Worlds), dies at 78
  • 1988 Richard Feynman, American theoretical physicist known for his work on quantum mechanics and quantum electrodynamics (1965 Nobel), dies of liposarcoma at 69
  • 1992 María Elena Moyano, Peruvian activist (b. 1960)
  • 1994 Andrei Tsjikatilo [Rostov Ripper], Russian mass murdered, executed
  • 1995 Joseph Ortiz, French-Algerian extremist and rebel (barricade uprising), dies at 77
  • 1995 Lord Taylor of Hadfield, British President of Taylor Woodrow Group, dies at 90
  • 1995 Nabila Diahnine, Algerian architect/feminist, murdered at 33
  • 1995 Sahnoun Jawhari, Tunisian Annahda-leader, dies at 40 in jail
  • 1995 Seymour Berry, 2nd Viscount Camrose, British Conservative Lower house leader (1941-45), dies at 85
  • 1996 Bruno Ferenc Straub, Hungarian biochemist and statesman, dies at 82
  • 1996 Oscar Abrams, community organiser, dies at 58
  • 1998 Martha Gelhorn, female war correspondent (Reuters), dies at 89
  • 1998 Martha Gellhorn, American novelist and journalist who was one of the first female war correspondents, dies at 89
  • 1999 Henry Way Kendall, American physicist (Nobel 1990-pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics), dies at 72
  • 2002 Howard K. Smith, American print and broadcast journalist, dies from pneumonia at 87
  • 2004 Jens Evensen, Norwegian minister and jurist (b. 1917)
  • 2005 Samuel Francis, American journalist (b. 1947)
  • 2007 Robert Adler, Austrian-American inventor (remote control for television), dies at 93
  • 2008 Amnon Netzer, Iranian-Israeli historian (b. 1934)
  • 2009 Dr. Diether H. Haenicke, university president (b. 1935)