On This Day

On This Day in History for February 17

Events in History

  • 1370 Battle at Rudau: Germany beats Lithuania
  • 1461 Wars of the Roses: Second Battle of St Albans - Lancastrian army defeats Yorkists and recaptures King Henry VI
  • 1500 Battle of Hemmingstedt - German peasant army repels ducal army of Schleswig and Holstein

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1510 Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque first conquers the city of Goa, entering it with little conflict

Admiral and Duke of Goa Afonso de Albuquerque
Admiral and Duke of Goa
Afonso de Albuquerque
  • 1568 Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II agrees to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire for peace
  • 1598 Boris Godunov chosen as Tsar of Russia
  • 1600 Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de' Fiori in Rome, charged with heresy by the Roman Inquisition

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1621 Myles Standish is elected as the first commander of the Plymouth Colony

Military Leader of Plymouth Colony Myles Standish
Military Leader of Plymouth Colony
Myles Standish
  • 1634 Puritan author William Prynne tried in Star Chamber for publishing "Histrio-masti", criticising the theatre
  • 1670 France and Bavaria sign military assistance treaty
  • 1691 Thomas Neale granted English patent for American postal service
  • 1772 1st Partition of Poland signed in Vienna by Austria, Prussia and Russia

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1776 1st volume of Edward Gibbon's seminal work "The Decline and Fall of Roman Empire" published

Historian Edward Gibbon
Edward Gibbon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1791 Charles Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)

Astronomer Charles Messier
Charles Messier
  • 1795 Thomas Seddal harvests 8.3-kg potato from his garden in Chester, England

USAThomas Jefferson Elected US President

1801 US House of Representatives breaks electoral college tie by electing Thomas Jefferson as President over Aaron Burr

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Tally of electoral college votes in the election of 1800. No candidate won a majority, so an election in the House of Representatives took place, with Jefferson winning on the 36th ballot.
Tally of electoral college votes in the election of 1800. No candidate won a majority, so an election in the House of Representatives took place, with Jefferson winning on the 36th ballot.
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  • 1814 Battle of Mormant: French Imperial army defeat Russian Austrian forces (War of the Sixth Coalition)

Treaty of InterestTreaty of Ghent

1815 Treaty of Ghent ratified by the US Senate and signed by President James Madison ending War of 1812, over a month after it was signed in Europe

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The signing of the Treaty of Ghent on Christmas Eve
The signing of the Treaty of Ghent on Christmas Eve
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1837 Charles Lyell makes his presidential address to the Geographical Society, London and announces that Richard Owen has concluded from Darwin's fossils that extinct species were related to current species in the same locality

Geologist Charles Lyell
Charles Lyell

The General, The Schoolgirl, And The Famous One-Word DespatchThe General, The Schoolgirl, And The Famous One-Word Despatch

1843 Battle of Miani: Bombay Army of the East India Company led by Charles Napier defeats a Baluch army of Talpur Emirs of Sindh led by Mir Nasir Khan Talpur. Leading to the capture of parts of Sindh, the company's first possession in modern-day Pakistan.

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General Sir Charles Napier as seen in 1849 by the photographer William Edward Kilburn
General Sir Charles Napier as seen in 1849 by the photographer William Edward Kilburn
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  • 1848 Tuscany gets liberal Constitution
  • 1854 Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
  • 1864 Confederate submarine HL Hunley sinks Union ship Housatonic - world' first successful submarine attack
  • 1865 -18] Battle of Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1865 Columbia, South Carolina, burns down during American Civil War
  • 1867 Gyula Andressy becomes premier of Hungary
  • 1876 Sardines first canned by Julius Wolff in Eastport, Maine
  • 1878 1st telephone exchange in San Francisco opens with 18 phones

MurderAssassination Attempt

1880 Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II
  • 1883 A Ashwell patents vacant/engaged toilet lock in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1885 Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1896 Muzzling Order on the London County Council enforced
  • 1897 National Organization of Mothers formed in American by Alice McLellan Birney and Phoebe Apperson Hearst (Parent Teacher Association)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1897 Emilio Aguinaldo and a group of katipuneros defeat Spanish forces led by General Camilo de Polavieja at the Battle of Zapote Bridge in Cavite

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1902 A general strike in Barcelona and nearby towns leads to government-troop reprisals that leave 40 dead
  • 1905 Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall
  • 1911 1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship (Glenn Curtiss, San Diego)
  • 1913 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • 1915 Edward Stone, 1st US combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded
  • 1917 In Australia, Nationalist Party takes over a coalition government
  • 1926 Avalanche buries 75 in Sap Gulch, Bingham, Utah; 40 die
  • 1930 French government of André Tardieu falls for the first time
  • 1931 Hockey's Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game
  • 1933 First issue of American news magazine "Newsweek" is published
  • 1933 Marinus van der Lubbe arrives in Glindow, at Potsdam
  • 1933 US Senate accepts Blaine Act: ending prohibition
  • 1934 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn)
  • 1936 -58°F (-50°C), McIntosh, South Dakota (state record)
  • 1936 S. N. Behrman's play "End of Summer" premieres in NYC
  • 1938 1st public experimental demonstration of Baird color TV (London)
  • 1940 Altmark Incident: Crew of the British destroyer "Cossack" board German "Altmark" in Jøssingfjord, Norway, releasing 299 British prisoners after hand-to-hand fighting with bayonets and the last recorded Royal Naval action with cutlass

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Adolf Hitler visits field marshal Erich von Manstein's headquarters in Zaporozje, Ukraine and stays until the 19th

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1943 Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Major General Omar Bradley flies to Washington, D.C.

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Dow Chemical and Corning Glass Works form a joint venture to explore and produce silicon materials, based off of the work of James Franklin Hyde

Battle of InterestBattle of Eniwetok

1944 Battle of Eniwetok begins with US forces landing on Canna and Camelia islets in the Pacific

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US landing craft pass supporting warships on their way to Eniwetok Atoll
US landing craft pass supporting warships on their way to Eniwetok Atoll
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  • 1944 Operation Hailstone: US begins night bombing of Truk island in the Pacific
  • 1946 Humanistic Covenant forms in Amsterdam
  • 1947 Dutch RC bishops publish manifest against "godless communism"
  • 1947 Voice of America begins broadcasting to USSR
  • 1949 Chaim Weitzman elected 1st president of Israel
  • 1949 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Andrea Kekesy and Ede Kiraly of Hungary
  • 1949 Ladies' Figure Skating Champions in Paris won by Alena Vrzanova of CZE
  • 1949 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Richard Button of the USA
  • 1950 31 die in a train crash in Rockville Center NY
  • 1955 Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Frances Dafoe and Norris Bowden of Canada
  • 1956 Ice Pairs Championship at Garmisch won by Schwarz & Oppelt of AUT
  • 1956 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by Carol Heiss USA
  • 1956 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by H A Jenkins USA
  • 1957 A fire at a home for the elderly in Warrenton, Missouri kills 72 people.
  • 1958 Comic strip "BC" 1st appears
  • 1959 1st weather satellite launched, Vanguard 2, 9.8 kg
  • 1962 Storm in Hamburg kills 265
  • 1964 US House of Representatives accept Law on the civil rights
  • 1964 US Supreme Court rules - 1 man 1 vote (Westberry v Sanders)
  • 1965 US Ranger 8 launched, will transmit 7,137 lunar pictures
  • 1966 French satellite Diapason D-1A launch into Earth orbit
  • 1967 Kosmos 140 (Soyuz Test) launches into Earth orbit
  • 1970 US army officer Jeffrey MacDonald murders his pregnant wife and two small daughters
  • 1970 Robert Marasco's "Child's Play" premieres in NYC

Britain Joins the European CommunityBritain Joins the European Community

1972 British Parliament votes to join the European Common Market

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Margaret Thatcher campaigning to stay in Europe during the 1975 referendum
Margaret Thatcher campaigning to stay in Europe during the 1975 referendum
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 US President Richard Nixon leaves Washington, D.C. for a groundbreaking trip to China

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

CarVolkswagen Beetle

1972 Sales of the Volkswagen Beetle model exceed those of Ford Model T

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The last edition of an 'old style' VW Beetle
The last edition of an 'old style' VW Beetle
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Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1973 US National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger meets Chinese leader Mao Zedong, where the latter jokingly offers to send 10 million Chinese women to the United States

Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
  • 1974 Robert K. Preston, a disgruntled U.S. Army private, buzzes the White House with a stolen helicopter.
  • 1976 Macau adopts constitution (Organic Law of Macau)
  • 1978 11 civilians and 1 RUC officer are killed and 30 wounded by a Provisional Irish Republican Army incendiary bomb at the La Mon Restaurant near Belfast
  • 1979 China invades Vietnam, marking the start of the Sino-Vietnamese War
  • 1981 Chrysler Corporation reports largest corporate losses in US history
  • 1983 Bob Bourne fails on 8th Islander penalty shot
  • 1983 Netherlands adopts constitution
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1985 1st class postage rises from 20 cents to 22 cents
  • 1985 1st day/night game at the MCG, Australia v England
  • 1985 3rd person to receive an artificial heart (Murray Haydon)
  • 1986 1st Francophone Summit convenes at Versailles
  • 1986 Howard Stern radio show returns to NYC morning radio (WXRK 92.3 FM)
  • 1986 Johnson & Johnson announces it will no longer sell capsule drugs
  • 1986 Libyan bombers attack N'djamena Airport in Chad

Birthdays in History

  • 1490 Charles de Bourbon, officer/governor (Lombardy)
  • 1519 Francis, Duke of Guise, French soldier and politician (d. 1563)
  • 1581 Fausto Poli, Italian Catholic Cardinal. private secretary to Pope Urban, born in Usigni (d. 1653)
  • 1583 Johann Henry Alting, German theologian, born in Emden, Saxony (d. 1644)
  • 1646 Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist, born in Rouen, France (d. 1714)
  • 1699 Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, Prussian architect (Sanssouci), born in n Kuckädel (d. 1753)
  • 1718 Matthew Tilghman, American Continental Congressman (d. 1790)
  • 1723 Tobias Mayer, German astronomer "method of lunars" for longitude determination, born in Marbach (d. 1762)
  • 1740 Horace B de Saussure, Swiss physicist/geologist
  • 1752 Friedrich M Klinger, German playwright (Wirrwarr)
  • 1758 John Pinkerton, Scottish anti-Celtic historian, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1826)
  • 1774 Raphaelle Peale, American painter (After the Rain, 1823), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1825)
  • 1781 René Laënnec, French physician who invented the stethoscope, born in Quimper, France (d. 1826)
  • 1796 Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (d. 1866)
  • 1804 Samuel Read Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1883)
  • 1816 Haller Nutt, American rich Southern Plantation owner (Longwood house - largest octagonal house in the US), born at Laurel Hill Plantation, Mississippi (d. 1864)
  • 1820 Elzéar-Alexandre Taschereau, Catholic cardinal (d. 1898)
  • 1824 William Farrar "Baldy" Smith, American Major General (Union Army), born in St. Albans, Vermont (d. 1903)
  • 1836 Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Spanish poet (d. 1870)
  • 1837 Francis Jay Herron, American Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1902)
  • 1837 Sam[uel] van Houten, Dutch (lib) minister (child labor laws)
  • 1844 Aaron Montgomery Ward, American retailer, founded mail-order business (Montgomery Ward), born in Chatham, New Jersey (d. 1913)
  • 1848 Louisa Lawson, Australian suffragist and writer (d. 1920)
  • 1849 Selwyn Image, English painter and designer (Arts and Crafts Movement), born in Bodiam Sussex (d. 1930)
  • 1854 Friedrich A. Krupp, German steel and arms manufacturer (Krupp AG. - supplied the German Navy)
  • 1855 Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WWI)
  • 1857 Samuel Sidney McClure, Irish-American newspaper editor and publisher
  • 1861 Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany (d. 1922)
  • 1862 Mori Ōgai, Japanese novelist and poet (d. 1922)
  • 1863 Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
  • 1864 Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor (d. 1929)
  • 1867 William Cadbury, British chocolate manufacturer (Cadbury), born in Edgbaston, England (d. 1957)
  • 1870 Louis de Raet, Belgian economist and founder of the Flemish People's Party

Person of interestThomas J. Watson

1874 Thomas J. Watson, Sr., American businessman (Chairman and CEO of IBM, 1914-1956), born in Campbell, New York (d. 1956)

Businessman Thomas J. Watson
Thomas J. Watson
  • 1877 Henri Vandeputte, Belgian author/poet (L'homme Jeune)
  • 1877 Isabelle Eberhardt, Swiss explorer and writer (d. 1904)
  • 1877 André Maginot, French politician, advocated for the Maginot Line, born in Paris, France (d. 1932)
  • 1879 Dorothy Canfield Fisher, American novelist (Book-of-Month-Club)
  • 1884 Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish minister of Internal affairs (1940)
  • 1888 Otto Stern, German American physicist (Stern-Gerlach-experiment, Nobel 1943)
  • 1889 H[aroldson] L Hunt, Texas oil tycoon (East Texas Oil Field), born near Ramsey, Illinois (d. 1974)
  • 1891 Georg Britting, German poet and writer (d. 1964)
  • 1892 Theodor Plievier, German writer (Des Kaisers Kulis, Stalingrad)
  • 1903 Johannes Linthorst Homan, director of the queen in Groningen
  • 1904 Albert Kuyle [Louis Kuitenbrouwer], Dutch writer (Jesus' Robe)
  • 1904 Hans Morgenthau, German political philosopher (d. 1980)
  • 1904 Luis A. Ferré, Puerto Rican industrialist and politician (Governor of Puerto Rico, 1969-73), born in Ponce, Puerto Rico (d. 2003)
  • 1906 Galo Plaza Lasso, President of Ecuador (1948-52), head of OAS (1968-75)
  • 1907 Charles B Timmer, Dutch translator/writer (Russia Black on White)
  • 1912 Alice "Andre" Norton, American sci-fi author (The Time Traders, The Zero Stone), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2005)
  • 1914 Albert Westerlinck [Jose J M Aerts pseudoym], Flemish poet, writer and priest, born in Geel, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • 1917 Abdur Rahman Badawi, Egyptian philosopher (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Guillermo González Camarena, Mexican inventor (color television), born in Guadalajara, Mexico (d. 1965)
  • 1918 Charles Hayes, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1983-93), born in Cairo, Illinois (d. 1997)
  • 1918 Olive Gibbs, English peace campaigner (CND), born in Oxford, England
  • 1920 Trevor Oswald Ling, English religious studies, born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Enrico Banducci, American nightclub owner (d. 2007)
  • 1923 Alden Winship Clausen, American banker (President of World Bank), born in Hamilton, Illinois (d. 2013)
  • 1924 Gevork Vartanian, Soviet intelligence agent (Operation Long Jump), born in Rostov-on-Don (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Chaim Potok, American novelist (Promise), born in NYC, New York
  • 1929 Nicholas Ridley, Lord Ridley of Liddesdale, English politician, Minister of Finance, born in Northumberland (d. 1993)
  • 1930 Ruth Rendell, English thriller writer (Inspector Wexford novels), born in South Woodford, Essex
  • 1933 Craig Thomas, American politician (Rep-R-Wyoming)
  • 1938 Mary Frances Berry, American lawyer and activist, head of US Commission on Civil Rights, born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1942 Huey P. Newton, African-American activist, revolutionary and co-founder of the Black Panther Party, born in Monroe, Louisiana (d. 1989)
  • 1944 Bernie Grant, British politician (Labour), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 2000)

Person of interestMo Yan

1955 Mo Yan, Chinese novelist and nobel laureate (Red Sorghum Clan, The Republic of Wine), born in Gaomi, Shandong, China

Novelist Mo Yan
Mo Yan
  • 1959 Aryeh Deri, Israeli rabbi and politician
  • 1962 Alison Hargreaves, British mountaineer and 1st woman to climb Mount Everest alone without bottled oxygen (1995), born in Derbyshire, England (d. 1995)
  • 1974 Al-Muhtadee Billah, crown prince of Brunei, born in Bandar Seri Begawan
  • 1978 Jacob Wetterling, American kidnapping victim, born in Long Praire, Minnesota (d. 1989)
  • 1988 Natascha Kampusch, Austrian kidnapping victim

Weddings in History

  • 1841 Dutch ex-king Willem I marries Henriette d'Oultremont de Wégimont
  • 1906 26th US President Theodore Roosevelt's daughter Alice marries in the White House

LoveWedding of Interest

1955 Novelist J. D. Salinger (36) weds Claire Douglas

Novelist J. D. Salinger
J. D. Salinger

Deaths in History

  • 364 Jovian (Flavius Jovianus), Christian emperor of Rome (363-64), dies at about 32
  • 440 St. Mesrop Mashtots, Armenian monk, theologian and linguist known for inventing the Armenian alphabet in c. 405 AD, dies (b. 361/362)
  • 1339 Otto, Duke of Austria and Styria, dies at 37
  • 1371 Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria, Emperor of Bulgaria (1331-1371)
  • 1596 Friedrich Sylburg, German classical scholar (b. 1536)
  • 1600 Giordano Bruno, Italian friar and scholar, advocate of Copernican theory, burned at the stake at 51 or 52
  • 1609 Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, dies at 59
  • 1612 Ernest of Bavaria, Prince-elector-archbishop of the Archbishopric of Cologne, dies at 57
  • 1612 Jodocus Hondius, Flemish cartoonist and mathematician, dies at 48
  • 1624 Juan de Mariana, Spanish historian (b. 1536)
  • 1659 Abel Servien, French diplomat (b. 1593)
  • 1673 Molière [Jean Baptiste Poquelin], French playwright (The Misanthrope), dies of pulmonary tuberculosis at 51
  • 1680 Jan Swammerdam, Dutch anatomist and entomologist (Bible of Nature), dies at 43
  • 1680 Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer, dies at 81
  • 1688 Rev James Renwick, hanged in Scotland for being a Presbyterian
  • 1715 Antoine Galland, French orientalist and archaeologist, dies at 68
  • 1768 Arthur Onslow, English politician (Speaker of the House of Commons 1728-61), dies at 76
  • 1780 Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian, dies at 73
  • 1796 James Macpherson, Scottish writer and poet, dies at 59
  • 1827 Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss educator (Leonard & Gertrude), dies at 81
  • 1847 William Collins, English landscape painter, dies at 58
  • 1852 Micha Joseph Levenson, Hebrew poet, dies
  • 1854 Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais, French Catholic priest and writer (L'avenir), dies at 71
  • 1854 John Martin, English painter and engraver, dies at 64
  • 1872 Jose Burgos, Catholic priest, is executed at 35
  • 1874 Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian astronomer, mathematician and sociologist (body mass index scale), dies at 77
  • 1875 Luis NF Varela, Brazilian romantic poet, dies at 33
  • 1878 José Amador de los Ríos, Spanish historian and poet, dies at 59
  • 1883 Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian independence activist and revolutionary, dies at 37

Person of interestChristopher Latham Sholes

1890 Christopher Latham Sholes, American newspaper man, politician and inventor of the typewriter, dies of tuberculosis at 71

Inventor of the QWERTY Keyboard Christopher Latham Sholes
Inventor of the QWERTY Keyboard
Christopher Latham Sholes
  • 1905 Serge Alexandrovich, Governor-General of Moscow, assassinated by a terrorist bomb; his carriage driver also died, the assailant survived, was tried and hanged
  • 1907 Henry Steel Olcott, American military officer and co-founder of the Theosophical Society, dies at 74

Person of interestGeronimo

1909 Geronimo [one who yawns], Apache chief, dies at 79

Apache Leader Geronimo
Apache Leader
  • 1912 Alois Lexa von Aehrenthal, Austrian diplomat (Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary 1906-12), dies at 57
  • 1917 Edmund Bishop, English Roman Catholic historian and Secretary of Thomas Carlyle, dies at 70

Person of interestWilfrid Laurier

1918 Wilfrid Laurier, 7th Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1896-1911), dies of a stroke at 76

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier

Person of interestHenry Bacon

1924 Henry Bacon, American architect (Lincoln Memorial), dies at 57

Architect Henry Bacon
Henry Bacon
  • 1932 Franz Gailliard, Belgian painter and graphic artist (Egina), dies at 70
  • 1934 Albert I, King of Belgium (1909-34), dies at 58
  • 1936 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theozentrische), dies at 74
  • 1943 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (b. 1872)
  • 1944 Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter, dies at 64
  • 1954 Evert Gorter, Dutch children's pioneering paediatrician, dies at 72
  • 1958 Hugh McCrae, Australian writer and poet (Satyrs and Sunlight: Sylvarum Libri), dies at 81
  • 1966 Hans Hofmann, German American painter (Search for the Real), dies at 85
  • 1970 Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Jewish writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1966), dies at 81
  • 1977 Janani Luwum, Ugandan Archbishop (b. 1922)
  • 1980 Graham Sutherland, English artist (official WWII war artist), dies at 76
  • 1986 Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian philosopher (Kingdom Happiness), dies at 90
  • 1990 Frans Kellendonk, Dutch writer (Good for Nothing), dies at 39
  • 1991 Enrique Bermudez, Nicaraguan commandant, founder of the Nicaraguan Contras, assassinated at 58
  • 1993 Alfredo de Leon, leader (Philippines Red Scorpio Gang), killed
  • 1994 Randy Shilts, American journalist (& the band played on), dies of AIDs at 41
  • 1995 Thelma Hulbert, English painter (Le Sacre du Printemps), dies at 81
  • 1996 Bentley Bridgewater, British Museum secretary, dies at 84
  • 1996 Michel Pablo [Michalis N. Raptis], Chilean-Greek writer and Trotskyist revolutionary (Fourth International), dies at 84
  • 1996 Hervé Bazin, French writer (Head Against the Wall), dies at 84
  • 1997 Zein Isa, Palestinian militant imprisoned in the United States for the honor killing of his daughter
  • 1998 Ernst Jünger, German author and entomologist (Storm of Steel), dies at 102
  • 2001 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman (b. 1948)
  • 2003 Frank Thistlethwaite, English academic and Vice Chancellor (University of East Anglia), dies at 87
  • 2004 José López Portillo, President of Mexico (1976-82), dies at 83
  • 2007 Jurga Ivanauskaitė, Lithuanian writer (b. 1961)
  • 2007 Maurice Papon, French Nazi collaborator, dies at 92
  • 2009 Conchita Cintrón, Chilean bullfighter (b. 1922)
  • 2012 Ulric Neisser, American psychologist, dies at 83
  • 2018 Arno Motulsky, German-born founder of medical genetics, known as the "father of pharmacogenomics," dies at 94

Person of interestRush Limbaugh

2021 Rush Limbaugh, American right wing radio personality, dies of lung cancer at 70

Radio Personality and Author Rush Limbaugh
Radio Personality and Author
Rush Limbaugh
  • 2021 Murray Weideman, Australian rules football CHF (Collingwood VFL premiers 1953, 58 [c]; B&F 1957, 61, 62; Victoria 1956-60) and coach (Collingwood 1975-76), dies at 85