On This Day

On This Day in History for February 18

Events in History

  • 3102 BC Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga
  • 1219 Jerusalem re-taken by the Christian Crusader kingdom in a peace treaty between Holy Roman Emperor Frederik II and Egyptian ruler Al-Kamil
  • 1268 The Livonian Brothers of the Sword are defeated by Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Rakovor.
  • 1332 Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.


1478 George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London (allegedly by being drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine).

King of England Edward IV
King of England
Edward IV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1503 Henry Tudor (later Henry VIII) created Prince of Wales

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1519 Hernán Cortés leaves Cuba for the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico with 11 ships and 500 men

Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1536 France & Turkey sign military/trade agreement against King Karel
  • 1563 Huguenot Jean Poltrot de Mere shoots gen Francois De Guise
  • 1574 Zeeland falls to Dutch rebels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1634 Ferdinand II orders commander Albrecht von Wallenstein's execution

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
General and Nobleman Albrecht von Wallenstein
General and Nobleman
Albrecht von Wallenstein

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1678 John Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress" is published in Holborn, London, by Nathaniel Ponder

Author John Bunyan
John Bunyan
  • 1685 Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France's claim to Texas.
  • 1688 Quakers conduct 1st formal protest of slavery in Germantown, Pa
  • 1713 French invade under Jacques Cassard on Curacao

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Inverness, Scotland

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie

  • 1787 Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II bans children under 8 from labor
  • 1797 Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby
  • 1804 1st US land-grant college, Ohio University, Athens Ohio, chartered

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1814 The Battle of Montereau; victory of French under Napoleon Bonaparte against Austrians and Württembergers under the King of Württemberg.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1828 More than 100 vessels destroyed in a storm, Gibraltar
  • 1834 1st US labor newspaper, "The Man", published, NYC
  • 1839 Detroit Boat Club forms (& still exists)
  • 1849 1st regular steamboat service to California starts (or 02/28)
  • 1850 California Legislature creates nine Bay Area counties

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1856 The American Party (Know-Nothings) convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to nominate its first Presidential candidate, former President Millard Fillmore.

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1857 Chinese residents in the fledging state of Sarawak rebel against the "White Rajah" James Brooke

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Confederate President Jefferson Davis inaugurated at Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes first King of Italy

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • 1865 Battle of Fort Moultrie, SC occupied by Federals
  • 1865 Evacuation of Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1865 Union troops force Confederates to abandon Ft Anderson, NC
  • 1876 Direct telegraph link established between Britain and New Zealand
  • 1878 John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.
  • 1879 Arabs capture Egyptian premier Nabar Pasha

USAStatue of Liberty

1879 Sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi is awarded a patent for his design for the Statue of Liberty

Learn More
The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
Learn More

  • 1884 General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1884 Police seize all copies of tolstoy's "What I Believe In"

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1885 Mark Twain publishes the "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" in the US

Author Mark Twain
Mark Twain
  • 1891 Capt Archinard's army fights with Nyamina of Niger in West-Sudan
  • 1896 Cave of Winds at Niagara Falls goes almost dry for first time in 50 yrs
  • 1899 80°F recorded in San Francisco, California
  • 1899 San Francisco named as a port of dispatch for Army transports
  • 1900 Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed/injured
  • 1900 British troops occupy Monte Christo, Natal
  • 1901 H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons.

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1903 Kuyper government launches anti strike laws
  • 1908 1st US postage stamps in rolls issued
  • 1908 The American ambassador to Japan is given a note by the Japanese in which they agree to restrict Japanese emigration to the US; this becomes known as the 'Gentlemen's Agreement'
  • 1911 The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 French modernist painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" by Marcel Duchamp causes an uproar when shown in New York

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
  • 1913 President Francisco Madero of Mexico is overthrown
  • 1915 Germany begins a blockade of Britain
  • 1916 The last German garrison in the German colony of Cameroons surrenders
  • 1917 1st major strike of the Russian "February Revolution" starts at the giant Putilov factory in Petrograd [NS=Mar 3]
  • 1918 Germany renews its offensive against the Russians, making dramatic gains against disorganized and dispirited Russian troops
  • 1921 British troops occupy Dublin
  • 1922 WOC-AM in Davenport IA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 The Capper-Volstead Act allows farmers to buy and sell cooperatively without the risk of prosecution under antitrust laws
  • 1923 Belgium: Borinage-mine workers strike for higher wages
  • 1924 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 US Secretary of the Navy Edwin Denby resigns due to Teapot Dome scandal

Lawyer and Politician Thomas J. Walsh
Lawyer and Politician
Thomas J. Walsh
  • 1927 US & Canada open diplomatic relations
  • 1930 Cow flown & milked, milk sealed in paper containers & parachuted
  • 1930 Luigi Pirandello's "Come Tu Mi Vuoi" premieres in Milan
  • 1930 US astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto
  • 1932 Japan declares Manchuria independent
  • 1932 Japan proclaims and names Manchukuo state in north east China
  • 1939 Golden Gate International Exposition opens on Treasure Island
  • 1942 Japanese troop land on Bali
  • 1943 1st edition of Dutch resistance newspaper "Trouw"
  • 1943 Munich resistance group "White Rose" captured by Nazis
  • 1943 German Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbells demands "total war" from German citizens in speech at Berlin Sportpalast
  • 1944 Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
  • 1947 24 die in a train crash in Gallitzin, Pennsylvania
  • 1951 Nepal becomes a constitutional monarchy
  • 1951 Netherlands Radio School forms
  • 1953 "Maggie" opens at National Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1954 The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles, California
  • 1955 Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey & Iraq a defense alliance
  • 1957 Dedan Kimathi, a Kenyan freedom fighter is executed by the British colonial government.
  • 1962 France & Algerian Muslims negotiate truce to end 7 year war
  • 1964 Muriel Resnik's "Any Wednesday" premieres in NYC
  • 1964 Papandreou government takes power in Greece
  • 1965 27 copper miners die in avalanche, Granduc Mountain, British Columbia
  • 1965 Frank Gifford announces his retirement from football for broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Church deacon Jimmie Lee Jackson is beaten and shot during a peaceful march in Marion, Alabama. His death 8 days later inspires the Selma to Montgomery marches.

Civil Rights Activist Jimmie Lee Jackson
Civil Rights Activist
Jimmie Lee Jackson
  • 1965 The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom
  • 1968 Thousands of people in West Berlin demonstrate against US involvement in the Vietnam War
  • 1968 Britain commences a trial of year-round daylight saving time (BST - British Standard Time, one hour ahead of GMT)
  • 1969 PLO-attack El-Al plane in Zurich Switzerland
  • 1970 Chicago 7 defendants found innocent of inciting to riot

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 US President Richard Nixon launches the "Nixon doctrine"

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1972 California Supreme Court abolishes death penalty
  • 1972 Giulio Andreotti sworn in as premier of Italy for the 1st time
  • 1973 54-kg octopus measuring 7m across captured in Hood Canal, Washington
  • 1973 Belgian Emiel Puttemans runs 3,000m indoor record 7:39.2
  • 1974 NASA launches Italian satellite San Marcos C-2 (235/843 km)
  • 1974 US ambassador to India Daniel Moynihan present $2,046,700,000 check

Birthdays in History

Person of interestQin Shi Huang

259 BC Qin Shi Huang, Founder of the Qin dynasty and 1st emperor of a unified China (220 - 210 BC), born in Handan (d. 210 BC)

First Emperor of the Qin dynasty Qin Shi Huang
First Emperor of the Qin dynasty
Qin Shi Huang
  • 1201 Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, Persian philosopher, architect and mathematician (Tadhkirah fi ʿilm al-hay), born in Ṭūs, Khorāsān (d. 1274)
  • 1374 Saint Jadwiga of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1399)
  • 1404 Leon B Alberti, Italian humanist/architect (Della Pittura)
  • 1486 Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Bengali saint, inspired Chaitanya movement, born in Navadwip, India (d. 1534)
  • 1516 Mary I Tudor [Bloody Mary], Queen of England (1553-58), born in Greenwich, England (d. 1558)
  • 1530 Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1578)
  • 1543 Charles III, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1608)
  • 1559 Isaac Casaubon, naturalized English classical scholar, theologian
  • 1602 Per Brahe (the younger), Swedish soldier (d. 1680)
  • 1609 Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, English PM (1660-67), born in Dinton, England (d. 1674)
  • 1635 Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (d. 1680)
  • 1658 Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (d. 1743)
  • 1677 Jacques Cassini, French astronomer (rings of Saturn)

Person of interestAlessandro Volta

1745 Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist and inventor of the 1st battery, born in Como, Italy (d. 1827)

Physicist and Inventor Alessandro Volta
Physicist and Inventor
Alessandro Volta
  • 1772 Giovanni Battista Brocchi, Bassano del Grappa, Italian Geologist
  • 1775 Thomas Girtin, artist/watercolorist, born in London, England
  • 1781 Henry Martyn, Truro, missionary
  • 1790 Marshall Hall, Basford Nottinghamshire, physician
  • 1795 George Peabody, South Danvers Mass, merchant/philanthropist
  • 1805 Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough, Rear Admiral (Union Navy)
  • 1814 Samuel Fenton Cary, U. S. Congressman (d. 1900)
  • 1815 Henri Leys, Flemish painter
  • 1817 Lewis Addison Armistead, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1817 Walter Page Lane, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1892)
  • 1829 Jean Jacques Alfred Mouton, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Opelousas, Louisiana (d. 1864)
  • 1833 James Deshler, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1836 Ramakrishna [Gadadhar Chatterji], Indian mystic and yogi (preached unity of religions), born in Kamarpukur, British India (d. 1886)
  • 1838 Ernst Mach, Chirlitz-Turas Austria, physicist/philosopher/psychologist
  • 1844 Willem Maris, Dutch painter (Hague School)
  • 1848 Louis Comfort Tiffany, glassmaker (stained glass windows)
  • 1849 Alexander L. Kielland, Norwegian writer and politician (Garman og Worse)
  • 1857 Max Klinger, German graphic artist/painter/sculptor
  • 1858 Louise, princess of Belgium, married and divorced Philipp, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1924)
  • 1860 Anders Zorn, Swedish painter/etcher/sculptor (Gustavus Vasa)
  • 1870 William Laurel Harris, American mural painter, writer (d. 1924)
  • 1871 Harry Brearley, English inventor (d. 1948)
  • 1875 Walter Andrae, German archaeologist (Babylon, Assur)
  • 1883 Níkos Kazantzákis, prominent Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ), born in Kandiye, Ottoman Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1884 Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (d. 1970)
  • 1889 Sybold van Ravesteyn, architect (Blijdorp, CS Rotterdam, Utrecht)
  • 1890 Lauri SA Haarla, Finnish (stage)writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja)
  • 1892 Wendell Wilkie, American Presidential candidate (R-1940)/author (One World), (d. 1944)
  • 1895 Semjon Timoshenko, Russ marshal/inspector-general (WWII)

Person of interestAndré Breton

1896 André Breton, French writer and poet, founder of Surrealism, born in Tinchebray, France (d. 1966)

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • 1897 Charles Kuentz, WW1 veteran, changed nationality 4 times (d.2005)
  • 1898 Enzo Ferrari, racing car manufacturer, Modena
  • 1898 Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1980)
  • 1899 Arthur Bryant, English historian (King Charles II)
  • 1903 Nikolaj V Podgorny, pres USSR (1965-77)
  • 1906 Hans Asperger, Austrian pediatrician and eponym of Asperger syndrome, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1980)
  • 1907 Harm van Riel, Dutch politician (Dutch Liberal Party)
  • 1909 Wallace Stegner, novelist/critic (Pulitzer-1971-Angle of Repose)
  • 1913 Artur Axmann, nazi youth leader
  • 1916 Betty Phyllis Gathergood, curator
  • 1916 Jean Drapeau, mayor of Montreal (1954- )
  • 1918 Jane Loevinger, American psychologist (d. 2008).
  • 1922 Eric Gairy, first Prime Minister of Grenada (1974-1979)
  • 1922 Helen Gurley Brown, American author/publisher and editor-in-chief of Cosmopolitan, born in Green Forest, Arkansas, (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Juhan Smuul, Estonian author, born in Muhu, Estonia (d. 1971)
  • 1924 Humberto Fernández Morán, Venezuelan scientist (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Louis Laberge, Quebec labour union leader (d. 2002)
  • 1924 Evald Ilyenkov, Soviet philosopher (Dialectical Logic), born in Smolensk, Soviet Union (d. 1979)
  • 1925 Marcel Barbeau, Quebec artist
  • 1927 John Warner, American politician (Sen-R-VA, 1979-2009) married Elizabeth Taylor, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1929 Leonard Cyril Deighton, English author (Ipcress File, Fighter)
  • 1930 Theodore C Freeman, Haverford Penn, capt USAF/astronaut
  • 1930 Gahan Wilson, American author and cartoonist known as the "Michelangelo of the Macabre", born in Evanston, Illinois (d. 2019) [1]
  • 1931 Johnny Hart, American cartoonist (B.C., Wizard of Id), born in Endicott, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1931 Maxwell Thurman, American General
  • 1931 Swraj Paul, Indian/British industrial/multi-millionaire (Caparo)

Person of interestToni Morrison

1931 Toni Morrison [Chloe Anthony Wofford], American writer (Tar Baby, Beloved, Song of Solomon), first African American woman to win a Nobel Prize (2010), born in Lorain, Ohio (d. 2019)

  • 1932 Miloš Forman, Czech-American award-winning director (One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest, Amadeus, The Firemen's Ball), born in Čáslav, Czechoslovakia (d. 2018)
  • 1932 Duane Michals, American photographer (Sequences, The journey of the spirit after death), born in McKeesport, Pennsylvania
  • 1934 Paco Rabbane [Francisco Cuervo], Spanish fashion designer & perfumer, born in Pasajes, Spain
  • 1934 Audre Lorde, American writer, feminist and activist (Black Unicorn), born in NYC, New York (d. 1992)
  • 1935 Michel Aoun, President of Lebanon (2016-present), born in Haret Hreik, Lebanon
  • 1936 Jean M. Auel, Finnish-American writer (Earth's Children series), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1938 Elke Erb, German writer, born in Scherbach
  • 1939 Claude Ake, political scientist
  • 1943 Graeme Garden, Scottish writer (The Goodies), born in Aberdeen, Scotland
  • 1946 Michael Buerk, British newsreader
  • 1947 Eliot Engel, American politician (Rep-D-NY), born in New York City
  • 1947 Princess Maria Christina [Marijke], of Netherlands
  • 1948 Carolyn B. Maloney, American politician (Rep-D-NY), born in Greensboro, North Carolina
  • 1949 Gary Ridgway, American serial killer, born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1950 Michel Gauthier, Canadian politician, born in Quebec City, Canada
  • 1951 Isabel Preysler, Philippines-born Spanish socialite, born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1952 Juice Newton [Judy Cohen], American vocalist (Angel of the Morning), born in Lakehurst, New Jersey
  • 1952 Veronica "Randy" Crawford, American vocalist (One Day I'll Fly Away), born in Macon, Georgia
  • 1955 Miles Tredinnick, English playwright, born in Warrington, United Kingdom
  • 1957 Bruce Rauner, American politician (Governor of Illinois, 2015–), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1960 Carol McGiffin, British TV & radio presenter, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1961 Armin Laschet, German politician (CDU), born in Aachen, West Germany
  • 1963 Henry Winter, English football journalist, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1966 Guy Ferland, American television director, born in Beverly, Massachusetts
  • 1967 Harry Van Barneveld, Belgian judoka, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 1974 Ruby Dhalla, Canadian politician, born in Winnipeg, Canada
  • 1985 Lee Boyd Malvo, American serial killer, born in Kingston, Jamaica

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1940 Molecular biologist Francis Crick (23) weds Ruth Doreen Dodd

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick

LoveWedding of Interest

1943 Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (Chilean general/dictator) marries Lucia Hiriart

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet

Deaths in History

  • 806 Tarasius, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 730)
  • 814 Angilbert, Frankish monk and confidant of Charlemagne
  • 901 Thabit ibn Qurra, Arab astronomer and mathematician, founder of Statics (b. 826)
  • 999 Gregory V [Bruno], 1st German Pope, dies
  • 1139 Prince Yaropolk II of Kiev (b. 1082)
  • 1217 Alexander Neckam, English theologist and encyclopedist, dies at 59

Person of interestKublai Khan

1294 Kublai Khan, Mongol Emperor (1260-94) and founder of the Yuan dynasty in China (1271-94), dies at 78

Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty Kublai Khan
Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty
Kublai Khan
  • 1379 Albert II of Mecklenburg (b. 1318)
  • 1397 Enguerrand VII, French master of Coucy/count of Soissons, dies at 56
  • 1455 Fra Angelico, Italian monk and early Renaissance painter (San Marco friary) , dies at about 59
  • 1478 Duke of Clarence, privately executed and reputedly drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine
  • 1535 Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim, German royal astrologer, physician and theologian, dies at 48

Person of interestMartin Luther

1546 Martin Luther, German theologian and key figure in the Protestant Reformation, dies at 62

Theologian and Founder of Protestantism Martin Luther
Theologian and Founder of Protestantism
Martin Luther

Person of interestMichelangelo

1564 Michelangelo, Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance (David, Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel), dies at 88

Sculptor and Painter Michelangelo
Sculptor and Painter
  • 1583 Antonio Francesco Grazzini, Italian writer (b. 1503)
  • 1654 Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac, French writer (b. 1594)
  • 1660 Judith Leyster, Dutch painter, buried at 50
  • 1683 Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem, Dutch landscape painter and etcher, dies at 62
  • 1712 Louis, Duke of Burgundy, heir-apparent to the French throne, dies at 29
  • 1718 Pierre Antoine Motteux, French-born English dramatist (b. 1663)
  • 1743 Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, last of the Medicis (b. 1667)
  • 1748 Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun, Austrian field marshal, dies at 70
  • 1772 Johann Hartwig Ernst, Count von Bernstorff, Danish statesman (b. 1712)
  • 1778 Joseph Marie Terray, French statesman (b. 1715)
  • 1780 Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1714)
  • 1788 John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist, dies at 75
  • 1803 J W L Gleim, writer, dies
  • 1807 August Gottlieb Meißner, German Enlightenment author who helped develop the detective story genre in German literature, dies at 53
  • 1807 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), dies at 75
  • 1817 Giacomo Quarenghi, Italian-Russian master builder and architect (Hermitage Theater), dies at 72
  • 1830 Charles de Merode, Earl of Merode, Mayor of Brussels and French Senator, dies at 67
  • 1840 Jeffry Wyatville, English architect and garden designer (alterations and extensions to Chatsworth House and Windsor Castle), dies at 73
  • 1842 Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (b. 1779)
  • 1851 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, German mathematician, dies at 46
  • 1861 Louis C Luzac, Dutch minister of Internal Affairs, dies at 74
  • 1874 Louis Wigfall, American politician (Confederate States Senator from Texas 1862-85), dies at 57
  • 1878 Peter D Regout, industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht), dies at 76
  • 1890 Gyula Andrássy Sr, Prime Minister of Hungary (1867-71), dies at 66
  • 1893 Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician and lawyer (3rd Attorney General of California), dies at 78
  • 1895 Archduke Albrecht of Austria, Duke of Teschen (Battle at Custozza), dies at 77
  • 1898 Frances Willard, American educator and founder (Woman's Christian Temperance), dies at 58
  • 1899 M Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician, dies at 56
  • 1900 Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (b. 1824)
  • 1900 Eugenio Beltrami, Italian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), dies at 64

Person of interestCharles Lewis Tiffany

1902 Charles Lewis Tiffany, American jeweler and founder of Tiffany & Co, dies at 90

Jeweller and Entrepreneur Charles Lewis Tiffany
Jeweller and Entrepreneur
Charles Lewis Tiffany
  • 1905 Jules de Geyter, Belgian poet (International), dies at 75
  • 1906 Willem Doorenbos, Dutch literary and critic, dies at 85
  • 1906 John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer, dies at 75
  • 1913 George Washington Custis Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 80

Person of interestFrank James

1915 Frank James, American outlaw (member of the James-Younger gang), dies at 72

Outlaw Frank James
Frank James
  • 1917 Charles E Barber, US chief engraver (1879-1917), dies
  • 1925 James Lane Allen, American writer (Choir Invisible), dies at 75
  • 1931 Milan Šufflay, Croatian historian and politician, dies at 51
  • 1932 Frederick Augustus III, last King of Saxony (1904-18), dies at 66
  • 1937 Sergo Ordzhonikidze, Georgian Bolshevik and Soviet politician, dies at 50
  • 1938 Edward Anseele, Belgian socialist politician, dies at 81
  • 1938 David King Udall, American politician (b. 1851)

Person of interestGeorge Dayton

1938 George Dayton, American businessman (founder of Target Corporation), dies of cancer at 80

Businessman and Founder of Target George Dayton
Businessman and Founder of Target
George Dayton
  • 1942 Albert Payson Terhune, American author (b. 1872)
  • 1943 Henri Polak, Dutch union leader/politician (soc-dem), dies at 74
  • 1945 Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Russian general (youngest ever Soviet general of the army), dies at 38
  • 1949 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora, 1st Prime Minister of the Second Spanish Republic and President of Spain (1931-36), dies at 71
  • 1950 Voranc Prezikov [Lovro Kuhar], Slavic author (Jamnica), dies at 56
  • 1951 Piet A W Hopmans, bishop of Breda (Crusade), dies at 85
  • 1955 Sadako Sasaki, School student(b. 1944)
  • 1957 Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan freedom fighter, dies by execution at 36

Person of interestJoseph Gilbert Hamilton

1957 Joseph G. Hamilton, American Physician who was a pioneer of using radioactive isotopes in disease treatment and diagnosis, dies of radiation induced leukemia at 49

  • 1957 Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram), dies at 79
  • 1963 Todd "Hugh" Gaitskell, leader British Labour Party, dies at 56
  • 1964 Joseph-Armand Bombardier, Quebec inventor and industrialist (b. 1907)
  • 1966 Anne Anema, Dutch lawyer/journalist/politician (ARP), dies at 94
  • 1966 Grigori Grigoyevich Nelyubov, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 31

Person of interestRobert Oppenheimer

1967 Robert Oppenheimer, American theoretical physicist known as the father of the atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), dies of throat cancer at 62

Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1968 Sigurd Erixon, etnologist (Atlas "ver Svensk Folkkultur), dies at 79
  • 1969 Dragisa Cvetkovic, Serbian premier of (Yugoslavia 1939-4.), dies at 76
  • 1970 Desideer Stracke, Flemish jesuit and literature historian, dies at 94

Person of interestFrank Costello

1973 Frank Costello, Italian-American gangster (The Prime Minister of the Underworld), dies of a heart attack at 82

Gangster Frank Costello
Frank Costello
  • 1975 Chivu Stoica [Stoica Chivu], premier of Romania (1955-61), dies at 66
  • 1975 Raymond Moley, US advisor to pres Roosevelt "Brain Trust", dies at 88
  • 1976 Anton Betzner, writer, dies at 81
  • 1977 Maria Realino [Frederikus Janssen], teacher (Botany of Curacao), dies at 87
  • 1981 John Knudsen Northrop, American aircraft designer (Northrop Air), dies at 85
  • 1982 Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand detective writer and producer, dies at 82
  • 1993 Edward S "Ted" Haworth, US set designer (Sayonara, Marty), dies at 76
  • 1993 Jacqueline Hill, dies of cancer at 63
  • 1994 Peter Caddy, founder of the Findhorn Community, dies at 76
  • 1996 Brian Daley, writer, dies at 48
  • 1996 Jack Thieuloy, French writer, dies at 64
  • 1996 Nicholas Beriozoff, ballet master, dies at 89
  • 1996 Richard Leslie Hill, historian, dies at 94
  • 1997 Emily Hahn, American writer, dies at 92
  • 1997 Enrique Peralta Azurdia, Colonel and military President of Guatemala (1963-66), dies at 88
  • 1998 Mya Than Tint, Myanmarese author, dies of brain hemorrhage at 69
  • 2000 Willy Maltaite, Belgian comics creator (b. 1927
  • 2001 Balthus [Balthazar Klossowski], French Polish painter, dies at 92
  • 2003 Isser Harel, Israeli Mossad leader (b. 1912)
  • 2008 Sir Richard Knowles, British politician (b. 1917)
  • 2009 Al-Tayyib Salih, Sudanese novelist and columnist (b. 1929)
  • 2010 John Babcock, Last known Canadian veteran of World War I (b. 1900)
  • 2017 Norma McCorvey, American abortion activist (Jane Roe in Roe vs Wade) who later became pro-life, dies at 69