On This Day

On This Day in History for February 22

Events in History

  • 896 Pope Formosus crowned Arnulf King of Carinthia and Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1071 Battle of Cassel; Robert I the Frisian defeats Arnulf III/I
  • 1281 Simon de Brion elected Pope Martinus IV
  • 1288 Girolamo Masci elected Pope Nicolas IV
  • 1300 Pope Boniface VIII issues papal bull (decree) instating a Jubilee Year, granting forgiveness of sins and debts for those who fulfill various conditions
  • 1349 Jews are expelled from Zurich, Switzerland
  • 1415 English King Henry V lays the foundation stone for Syon Abbey for nuns of the Bridgettine Order. Became one of the wealthiest abbeys in England.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1495 French King Charles VIII enters Naples to claim crown

King of France Charles VIII
King of France
Charles VIII
  • 1561 William of Orange appointed viceroy of Burgundy and Charolais

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1632 Galileo's "Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems" is published

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1633 St. Peter's Baldachin, the cathedral's sculptural centerpiece, by Gian Lorenzo Bernini is inaugurated by Pope Urban VIII in Rome

Baroque Sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Baroque Sculptor
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
  • 1656 New Amsterdam granted a Jewish burial site
  • 1744 Battle of Toulon or Battle of Cape Sicié: British vs. French & Spanish fleet
  • 1746 French troops conquer Brussels
  • 1746 Jacobite troops vacate Aberdeen
  • 1774 British House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright
  • 1775 1st US joint stock company (to make cloth) offers shares at 10 cents
  • 1775 Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw, Poland
  • 1784 1st US ship to trade with China, "Empress of China", sails from NY

Battle of InterestLast Invasion of Britain

1797 The Last Invasion of Britain, launched by the French during the Revolutionary Wars, begins near Fishguard, Wales

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French troops surrendering to British forces at Goodwick Sands near Fishguard in Wales. Drawing by James Baker.
French troops surrendering to British forces at Goodwick Sands near Fishguard in Wales. Drawing by James Baker.
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  • 1819 The Adams–Onís Treaty between Spain and the United States is signed, ceding Florida to the US and defining the boundary between the US and New Spain
  • 1825 Russia & Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary
  • 1828 Russia & Persia sign Peace of Turkmantsjai
  • 1836 Dutch garrison evacuates fort Du Bus New Guinea
  • 1847 Battle of Buena Vista: US troops beat Mexican army
  • 1854 1st meeting of Republican Party (Michigan)
  • 1856 1st national meeting of Republican Party (Pittsburgh)
  • 1860 Shoe-making workers of Lynn, Massachusetts, strike successfully for higher wages
  • 1861 On a bet Edward Weston leaves Boston to walk to Lincoln's inauguration
  • 1864 -27] Battle at Dalton Georgia
  • 1864 2nd and last day of Battle of Okolona, Mississippi
  • 1864 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Battle of Dug Hill), Tennessee
  • 1865 Battle of Wilmington, NC (Fort Anderson) occupied by Federals
  • 1865 Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery
  • 1872 1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)
  • 1876 Johns Hopkins University opens
  • 1878 Greenback Labor Party forms (Toledo, Ohio)
  • 1879 1st 5 cent & 10 cent store opened by Frank W. Woolworth in Utica, New York (failed almost immediately)
  • 1882 With 120 miles James Saunders wins NYC's 24 hour race & $100 prize
  • 1882 The Serbian kingdom is refounded.
  • 1887 Union Labor Party organized in Cincinnati
  • 1889 US President Cleveland signs bill to admit Dakotas, Montana & Washington state to the union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1892 "Lady Windermere's Fan" by Oscar Wilde premieres at St James Theatre, London

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1898 Black postmaster lynched, his wife & 3 daughters shot in Lake City, South Carolina
  • 1900 Battle at Wynne's Hill, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • 1903 Due to drought the US side of Niagara Falls runs short of water
  • 1904 The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina; the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.
  • 1904 The Hague Tribunal gives its decision in claims against Venezuela; it sets the sum to be paid by Venezuela and gives preferential treatment to the three powers that initiated the block - Britain, Germany, and Italy
  • 1906 Black evangelist William J Seymour arrives in Los Angeles, California
  • 1907 1st cabs with taxi meters begin operating in London
  • 1907 Leonid Andreyev's "Zhizn Cheloveka" premieres in St Petersburg

BoatGreat White Fleet

1909 Great White Fleet, 1st US fleet to circle the globe, returns to Virginia

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American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage
American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage
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  • 1911 The Canadian Parliament resolves to maintain union with the British Empire, while controlling domestic fiscal affairs
  • 1912 J Vedrines makes 1st airplane flight over 100 mph-161.29 kph
  • 1915 Germany begins "unrestricted" submarine war
  • 1916 The House-Grey Memorandum, drafted by US and Britain, states: 'Should the Allies accept [the American idea of a conference to end the war] and should Germany refuse it, the United States would "probably" enter the war against Germany'
  • 1917 German Navy torpedoes 7 Dutch ships
  • 1918 Germany claims Baltic states, Finland & Ukraine from Russia
  • 1920 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track (Emeryville, California)
  • 1922 Congress authorizes Grant Memorial $1 gold coin
  • 1922 London issues a unilateral declaration of Egyptian independence
  • 1923 1st successful chinchilla farm in US (Los Angeles California)
  • 1923 Transcontinental airmail service begins
  • 1927 Baruch Spinosa's house of mourning opened as a museum
  • 1928 1st solo flight from England to Australia lands in Darwin, 15 ½ days after take off, piloted by Australian aviator Bert Hinkler
  • 1932 Purple Heart (the Badge of Military Merit) award reinstituted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 André Malraux and Édouard Corniglion-Molinier set out to find the lost capital of the Queen of Sheba, as mentioned in the Old Testament

Novelist André Malraux
André Malraux
  • 1935 Airplanes are no longer permitted to fly over the White House
  • 1936 Construction on Ypenburg Neth airport begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Netherlands recognizes Franco regime in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1940 Finnish troops vacate Koivisto island
  • 1940 German air force sinks 2 German destroyers, killing 578
  • 1941 Nazi police raid Amsterdam and round up 429 young Jews for deportation to be sent to Buchenwald and Mauthausen concentration camps
  • 1941 Arthur "Bomber" Harris becomes British Air Marshal
  • 1941 German assault on El Agheila Libya
  • 1941 IG Farben decides building Buna-Werke in Auschwitz Concentration Camp
  • 1941 Roy Harris' "Ballad of a Railroad Man" premieres

Philippine Revolution'I Shall Return'

1942 World War II: President Franklin Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defenses collapse

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A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
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  • 1943 Members of White Rose student resistance group are executed in Nazi Germany
  • 1944 World War II: US Army Air Forces accidentally bomb Dutch town of Nijmegen, around 800 civilians die
  • 1945 Arab League forms (Cairo)
  • 1945 British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
  • 1945 Canadian 3rd Division occupies Moyland
  • 1948 Arabs bomb attack in Jerusalem, 50 die
  • 1955 British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sets sail
  • 1958 Egypt & Syria form United Arab Republic (UAR)
  • 1958 Indonesian air force bombs Padang, Sumatra and Menado, Celebes
  • 1965 USSR launches Kosmos 57 into earth orbit (Voskhod Test)
  • 1966 Soviets launch Kosmos 110 with Veterok & Ugolek, 1st 2-dog crew
  • 1967 Barbara Garson's "MacBird" premieres in NYC
  • 1967 25,000 US and South Vietnamese troops launch Operation Junction City against the Viet Cong. Largest US airborne assault since WWII.
  • 1972 Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani becomes Emir & Prime Minister of Qatar

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1972 US President Richard Nixon, meets with Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai in Beijing

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai
  • 1972 The Official IRA bombs Aldershot military barracks, the headquarters of the British Parachute Regiment, killing seven people; thought to be in retaliation for Bloody Sunday.
  • 1973 US & China agree to establish liaison offices in Beijing & Washington, D.C.
  • 1974 Ethiopian police shoot at demonstrators
  • 1978 2 tankers with propane gas explode killing 15 at Waverly, Tenn
  • 1979 Cleveland Metroparks Zoo's Primate & Cat Building is dedicated (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1979 St Lucia gains independence from Britain
  • 1980 Afghanistan declares martial law

Birthdays in History

  • 1040 Rashi, French rabbi (d. 1105)
  • 1403 Charles VII, King of France (1422-61), drove the English out from Northern France, (d. 1461)
  • 1440 Ladislaus V Posthumus, King of Hungary/Bohemia
  • 1500 Cardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Italian humanist (d. 1564)
  • 1514 Tahmasp I, shah of Persia (1524-76)/author (Tazkire-i Shah)
  • 1612 George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, English statesman (d. 1677)
  • 1634 Petrus "Pieter" van Schooten, fortress architect
  • 1684 William Pulteney, statesman (Earl of Bath), born in London, England
  • 1705 Peter Arctedius [Artedi], Swedish biologist
  • 1714 Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (d. 1795)

Person of interestGeorge Washington

1732 George Washington, 1st President of the United States (1789-97) and Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, born in Westmoreland, Virginia (d. 1799)

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1756 Georg Friedrich von Martens, German diplomat (d. 1821)
  • 1773 Matthijs I van Bree, Flemish (court)painter
  • 1778 Rembrandt Peale, American portrait and historical painter (Margaret Irvine Miller ,1805; Court of Death, 1820), and museum keeper (Baltimore), born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania (d. 1860)
  • 1785 Jean Charles Athanase Peltier, Ham, French Physicist (Peltier effect 1834)
  • 1788 Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (Great Pessimist)
  • 1796 Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian astronomer, mathematician and sociologist (body mass index scale), born in Ghent, French Republic (d. 1874)
  • 1796 Alexis Bachelot, French missionary (d. 1837)
  • 1797 William I, Berlin, King of Prussia (1861-88)/German Emperor (1871-88)
  • 1798 Charles Mynn Thruston, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1873)
  • 1806 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (d. 1875)
  • 1817 Carl Wilhelm Borchardt, German mathematician (d. 1880)
  • 1819 James Russell Lowell, poet/critic/diplomat/abolitionist
  • 1822 Adolf Kuszmaul, German physician (stomach pump, Kuszmaul disease)
  • 1824 Pierre Janssen, French astronomer, discovered helium, born in Paris, France (d. 1907)
  • 1825 Jean Baptiste Salpointe, second Archbishop of Santa Fe, born in Saint-Maurice de Pionsat, France (d. 1898)
  • 1827 James Barnet Fry, American historian and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Carrollton, Illinois (d. 1894)
  • 1828 Robert Alexander Cameron, American soldier and newspaper publisher (Union Army), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1839 Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (The New York Sun - "Yes, Virginia, There Is A Santa Claus"), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1906)
  • 1840 F August Bebel, German social-democrat
  • 1842 Leon Vanderkindere, Belgian historian/mayor (Ukkel)
  • 1843 Affonso de Escragnolle Taunay, France/Brazil writer (Inocencia)
  • 1849 Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, Russian mathematician (d. 1915)
  • 1850 Isaac L Rice, German (namesake of Columbia Univ's Rice stadium)
  • 1852 Pieter K Pel, internist (Pel-Ebstein fever)
  • 1857 Heinrich Hertz, physicist, 1st to broadcast & receive radio waves

Person of interestRobert Baden-Powell

1857 Robert Baden-Powell, British officer and founder of the modern scouting movement, born in Paddington, London (d. 1941)

Founder of Scouts Robert Baden-Powell
Founder of Scouts
Robert Baden-Powell
  • 1862 Karen Hulda Garborg[-Bergersen], Norwegian playwright (Mot Solen/Eli)
  • 1864 Jules Renard, French writer (Poil de Carotte)
  • 1865 Otto Modersohn, German painter
  • 1868 Henri Polak, union leader/politician (soc-dem)
  • 1873 Muhammad Iqbal, Dutch East Indies lawyer/poet/philosopher
  • 1877 Yme C Schuitmaker, Dutch potato salesman/dramatist
  • 1878 Walter Ritz, Swiss physicist (d. 1909)
  • 1879 Norman Lindsay, Australian artist and novelist (The Magic Pudding), born in Creswick Victoria (d. 1969) [1]
  • 1880 Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1956)
  • 1881 Joseph B. Ely, American politician (d. 1956)
  • 1882 Eric Gill, England, sculptor/engraver/typographer (Perpetua)
  • 1883 Alfred Wikenhauser, German RC exegetist (John-Apokalyps)
  • 1886 Hugo Ball, German playwright/co-founder Flametti
  • 1887 Mary Ellen Chase, educator/author (Windswept, 1959 Sarah Hale Award)
  • 1888 Owen Brewster, American politician (d. 1961)
  • 1889 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain)
  • 1889 Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guide (d. 1977)
  • 1891 Jan Wils, Holland, architect/designer (Amsterdam's Olympic Stadium)
  • 1891 Vlas Chubar, Soviet politician (d. 1939)
  • 1892 David Dubinsky, labor leader (Freedom Award, 1969 Medal of Freedom)
  • 1892 Edna St Vincent Millay, poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1950)
  • 1895 Victor RaulHaya de la Torre, founder (Peruvian Aprista Party)
  • 1896 Paul Van Ostaijen, Flemish poet/writer/critic (Occupied City)
  • 1897 Karol Świerczewski, Polish general (d. 1947)
  • 1898 Anton de Kom, Surinam/Dutch worker's union leader/resistance fighter
  • 1899 Dechko Uzunov, Bulgarian painter (d. 1986)
  • 1900 Giorgos Seferis [Georgios Seferiades], Greek poet (Nobel 1963), born in Urla, Ottoman Empire (d. 1971)
  • 1900 Seán Ó Faoláin [John Whelan], Irish short story writer (Murder at Cobbler's Hulk), born in Cork City, County Cork, Ireland (d. 1991)
  • 1901 Charles E Whittaker, Kansas, US Supreme Court justice (1957-62)
  • 1903 Morley Callaghan, Canadian author (Toronto Star, Native Argosy)
  • 1903 Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (d. 1969)
  • 1904 Peter Hurd, Roswell NM, painter (Portrait of Jose Herrera)
  • 1908 Romulo Betancourt, President of Venezuela (1945-48, 1958-64)
  • 1909 Roderick Barclay, diplomat
  • 1910 Muriel Monkhouse, Red Cross worker
  • 1914 Renato Dulbecco, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
  • 1917 Harmen van Rossum, civil servant/resistance fighter (WWII)
  • 1917 Jane Bowles, American writer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1973)
  • 1918 Robert Wadlow, American who was tallest known human (2.72 m, 8' 11.1"), born in Alton, Illinois (d. 1940)

Person of interestAlfred J. Gross

1918 Alfred J. Gross, American inventor (invented the walkie-talkie), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2000)

Inventor Alfred J. Gross
Alfred J. Gross

Person of interestJean-Bédel Bokassa

1921 Jean-Bédel Bokassa, President (1966-1976) & later Emperor (1976-1979) of the Central African Republic, born in Bobangui, then French Equatorial Guinea (d. 1996)

  • 1921 Wayne Booth, American literary critic, born in American Fork, Utah (d. 2005)
  • 1921 David Greene, British television director, born in Manchester, England (d. 2003)
  • 1922 William J. Baumol, American economist (Baumol’s cost disease), born in South Bronx, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1925 Edward Gorey, American author & artist (Curious Sofa), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2000)
  • 1925 Raymond Joseph Cecil, British architect (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Jules van Neerven, Dutch economist & editor (Limbourg Daily), born in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • 1930 James McGarrell, American painter, born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1932 Ted Kennedy, American politician (US Senator (D)-Massachusetts, 1962- 2009), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2009)
  • 1933 Katharine Lucy Mary Worsley, Duchess of Kent, born in Hovingham, United Kingdom
  • 1933 Joseph Lechleider, American electrical engineer (invented DSL /high speed internet technology), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1935 Ineke Haas-Berger, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Abcoude-Baambrugge, Netherlands
  • 1936 J. Michael Bishop, American immunologist & microbiologist (Nobel Prize 1989), born in York, Pennsylvania
  • 1937 Joanna Russ, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Female Man, Alyx), born in NYC, New York
  • 1937 Samuel Whitbread, English brewer & multi-millionaire
  • 1938 Ishmael Reed, American author (Last Days of Louisiana Red), born in Chattanooga, Tennessee
  • 1938 Pierre Vallières, French-Canadian politician, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1995)
  • 1940 Johnson Mlambo, South African leader (Pan-African Congress), born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1940 Billy Name [William Linich Jr.], American photographer (Andy Warhol's factory), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1941 Hipólito Mejía, Dominican politician, born in Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic
  • 1943 David Skaggs, American politician (Rep-D-Colorado), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1943 Horst Köhler, German politician, born in Skierbieszów, Poland
  • 1944 Robert Kardashian, American lawyer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2003)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1767 US Defector General Benedict Arnold (26) weds the daughter of the sheriff of New Haven Margaret Mansfield

US General and Turncoat Benedict Arnold
US General and Turncoat
Benedict Arnold

LoveWedding of Interest

1941 Future CIA Director William J. Casey (27) weds Sophia Kurz

CIA Director William J. Casey
CIA Director
William J. Casey
  • 1992 Ed McMahon (69) weds Pamela Hurn (37)

Deaths in History

  • 606 Sabinian, Italian Pope (604-06), dies
  • 965 Odo, Duke of Burgundy (b. 944)
  • 1071 Arnulf III, earl of Flanders/Hainault (Arnulf I), dies in battle
  • 1078 Johannes van Fecamp, Italian mystic writer, dies
  • 1111 Roger Borsa, King of Sicily
  • 1213 Wibert of Gembloers, benediction/writer/abbot of Gembloers, dies
  • 1371 David II, King of Scots (1329-71) last of the House of Bruce, dies at 46
  • 1478 Hendrik Herp (Herpius/Harphius), writer (Spieghel volcomenheit), dies

Person of interestAmerigo Vespucci

1512 Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer (America), dies at 60

  • 1627 Olivier van Noort, Dutch navigator (b. 1558)
  • 1636 Santorio Sanctorius, Venetian physiologist and physician (invented thermometer), dies at 74
  • 1674 Jean Chapelain, French writer and poet (La Pucelle), dies at 78
  • 1680 Catherine Monvoisin, French sorceress (b. c.1640)
  • 1690 Charles Le Brun, French classical painter who helped establish the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture, dies at 70
  • 1731 Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist, dies at 92
  • 1732 Francis Atterbury, English bishop and man of letters (b. 1663)
  • 1742 Charles Rivington, English publisher (b. 1688)
  • 1770 Christopher Snider, 11, Boston, becomes 1st martyr of US Revolution
  • 1780 Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena & Reggio, dies at 81
  • 1797 Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen, German officer and adventurer (b. 1720)
  • 1799 Heshen, infamous Qing Dynasty Chinese official at court (b. 1750)
  • 1816 Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist and historian, dies at 92
  • 1827 Charles Willson Peale, American painter remembered for portraits of leading American Revolution figures (George Washington), dies at 85
  • 1829 Adam A earl von Neipperg, Austrian general and Napoleon's wife Marie lover, dies at 53
  • 1846 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher, dies at 49 [OS]

Person of interestCharles Lyell

1875 Charles Lyell, British geologist (Elements of Geology), dies at 77

Geologist Charles Lyell
Charles Lyell
  • 1875 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French painter, dies at 78
  • 1890 John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (Astor Estate holdings), dies at 67
  • 1890 Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (b. 1834)
  • 1892 Herman Koeckemann, German Catholic prelate (b. 1828)
  • 1897 Charles Blondin, French acrobat and tight rope walker, dies at 72
  • 1903 Frederick William Farrar, writer/dean (Canterbury 1895-1903), dies
  • 1904 Leslie Stephen, English writer and critic (b. 1832)
  • 1911 Frances Harper, African-American abolinist, suffragist and writer (Iola Leroy), dies at 85
  • 1912 Richard Andree, German geographer (Andree's Handatlas), dies at 76
  • 1913 Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure, Swiss linguist, dies at 55
  • 1913 Francisco I. Madero, Mexican revolutionary and 33rd President of Mexico (1911-13), assassinated in military coup at 39
  • 1913 Suarez, Mexican vice pres, assassinated in a military coup
  • 1913 Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (Mémoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européennes), dies at 55
  • 1914 Valliamma Mudaliar, took part in Indian passive resistance, dies of a fever contracted in prison
  • 1921 Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1864)
  • 1925 Joris Helleputte, Belgian Catholic minister, dies at 72
  • 1925 Nina David [Mrs Radcliffe N Salomon], poet/author, dies
  • 1925 Thomas Allbutt, English physiologist (Diseases of the Heart), dies at 88
  • 1930 Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh, dies at 66
  • 1936 Johan Skjoldborg, Danish writer (Dynaes Digte), dies at 74
  • 1939 Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (Campos de Castilla), dies at 63
  • 1943 Christoph Probst, German resistance fighter (That Weisse Rose), dies
  • 1943 Hans Scholl, German resistance fighter (White Rose), beheaded for treason at 24
  • 1943 Sophie Scholl, German anti-Nazi political activist, active in the non-violent resistance group, the White Rose (Die Weisse Rose), beheaded by guillotine at 21
  • 1944 Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mahatma Gandhi, dies at 74
  • 1945 Osip Brik, Russian writer (b. 1888)
  • 1949 Russell W. Porter, American artist and explorer (Alaska), dies at 77
  • 1958 Theo Harych, German writer, commits suicide at 54
  • 1958 Abul Kalam Azad, 1st Minister of Education in the Indian government, dies at 69
  • 1960 Paul-Émile Borduas, Canadian abstract painter, dies at 54
  • 1961 George de Cuevas, Chilean-born ballet impresario and choreographer (Grand Ballet du Marquis de Cuevas), dies at 75 or 76
  • 1965 Felix Frankfurter, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (b. 1882)
  • 1966 Paul de Keyser, Flemish philologist and folklorist, dies at 74
  • 1967 Fritz Erler, German politician (SDP), dies at 53
  • 1968 Peter Arno, American cartoonist (b. 1904)
  • 1973 Elizabeth Bowen, Anglo-Irish novelist (The Death of the Heart, Cat Jumps), dies at 73
  • 1973 Winthrop Rockefeller, US governor (Arkansas), dies at 60
  • 1973 Jean-Jacques Bertrand, 21st Premier of Quebec (1968-70), dies at 56
  • 1974 Samuel Byck, American attempted assassin of Richard Nixon (b. 1930)
  • 1976 Michael Polany, Hungarians/English chemist/sociologist, dies at 84
  • 1978 Phyllis McGinley, American poetess (Pulitzer 1961), dies at 72
  • 1980 Alfred Andersch, German writer (Red Head), dies at 66
  • 1980 Oskar Kokoschka, Austria/British painter and graphic artist, dies at 93
  • 1982 Josh Malihabadi, Urdu poet of India and Pakistan, dies at 83
  • 1984 David, spent most of his life in a plastic bubble, dies at 12
  • 1984 Jessamyn West, American writer (b. 1902)
  • 1985 Salvador Espriu, Spanish poet (b. 1913)
  • 1987 Glenway Wescott, American writer (Apartment in Athens), dies at 85
  • 1989 Moisés da Costa Amaral, East Timorese leader, dies at 50
  • 1993 Jean Lecanuet, French UDF-presidential candidate, dies at 72
  • 1993 Pieter A H Bos, Dutch lawyer/procureur-general (Aruba), dies at 63
  • 1995 Elfi Althoff-Jacobi, Austrian circus director, dies at 80
  • 1995 Lembarek Boumaarafi, Algerian murderer of President Boudiaf, dies
  • 1995 Emmanuel Roblès, Algerian-French novelist and playwright (Lesson Hauteurs), dies at 80
  • 1996 Niall MacDermott, lawyer/politician, dies at 79
  • 1997 Austin Andrew Wright, British sculptor, dies at 85
  • 1997 Joseph Aiuppa, American gangster (b. 1907)
  • 1997 Albert Shanker, American labor leader (Amer Fed of Teachers), dies at 68
  • 1998 Jose Maria de Areilza, Sp minister of foreign affairs (1975-76), dies
  • 1998 Sandy Hume, American correspondent (Fox News), commits suicide at 28
  • 1998 Abraham Ribicoff, American politician (b. 1910)
  • 2000 Fernando Buesa, Spanish politician (b. 1946)
  • 2002 Poncke Princen, Dutch anti-Nazi fighter, colonial soldier and human rights activist, dies at 76
  • 2002 Charles "Chuck" Jones, American animator and cartoonist best known for his work with Warner Bros. (Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Wile E. Coyote, Road Runner, Porky Pig), dies of congestive heart failure at 89
  • 2002 Jonas Savimbi, Angolan revolutionary politician and military leader who founded the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), dies in combat with Angolan government troops at 67
  • 2002 Roden Cutler, Australian diplomat and Governor (New South Wales), dies at 85
  • 2002 Daniel Pearl, American journalist (b. 1963)
  • 2005 Zdzisław Beksiński, Polish artist (b. 1929)
  • 2006 Hilde Domin [Hilde Palm], German writer and poet, dies at 96
  • 2007 Howard Verne Ramsey, oldest U.S. veteran of WWI (b. 1898)
  • 2007 Samuel Hinga Norman, Sierra Leonean alleged war criminal (b. 1940)
  • 2007 George Jellicoe, Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords & Special Boat Service veteran, dies at 88
  • 2014 Leo Vroman, Dutch-American hematologist and poet, dies at 98
  • 2016 Wesley A Clark, American computer designer (first personal computer - LINC), dies at 88