On This Day

On This Day in History for February 23

Events in History

RomanRoman Empire

303 Roman Emperor Diocletian begins his policy of persecuting Christians, razing the church at Nicomedia

Roman Emperor Diocletian
Roman Emperor

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1455 Johannes Gutenberg prints his first Bible (estimated date)

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1540 Francisco Vázquez de Coronado's expedition sets off from Mexico in search of the 7 cities of Cibola

Explorer and Conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
Explorer and Conquistador
Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
  • 1574 France begins 5th "holy war" against Huguenots
  • 1660 Charles XI becomes king of Sweden
  • 1668 Fire in the Hofburg in Vienna, Emperor Leopold I rescued
  • 1672 Joan Blaeus publishers destroyed by fire in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1689 Dutch prince William III proclaimed King of England

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1778 Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge

InventionHistoric Invention

1782 Engineer James Watt's patent for a rotary motion for the steam engine (his sun-and-planet gear) is granted

Inventor, Engineer and Chemist James Watt
Inventor, Engineer and Chemist
James Watt
  • 1792 Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners)
  • 1813 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Massachusetts
  • 1820 Cato Street conspiracy uncovered, attempt to murder British Prime Minister Earl of Liverpool and Government Ministers
  • 1821 College of Apothecaries organized in Philadephia; 1st US pharmacy college
  • 1822 Boston, Massachusetts, is incorporated as a city

Battle of InterestBattle of the Alamo

1836 Alamo besieged for 13 days until March 6 by Mexican army under General Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed

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The Fall of the Alamo by Robert Jenkins Onderdonk shows folk hero Davy Crockett shortly before being killed by Mexican soldiers
The Fall of the Alamo by Robert Jenkins Onderdonk shows folk hero Davy Crockett shortly before being killed by Mexican soldiers
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  • 1846 Polish revolutionaries march on Kraków, but are defeated

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1847 Battle of Buena Vista, Mexico; Zachary Taylor leads mostly volunteer troops against larger Mexican Army force; Mexico retreats, both sides claim victory

12th US President and General Zachary Taylor
12th US President and General
Zachary Taylor
  • 1854 Great Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
  • 1861 Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns
  • 1869 Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
  • 1870 Mississippi is readmitted to US after the Civil War
  • 1883 Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
  • 1883 American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Philadelphia)
  • 1886 Aluminum manufacturing process developed
  • 1886 "The Times" of London publishes world's 1st classified ad
  • 1887 US Congress grants Seal Rocks to San Francisco
  • 1887 French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
  • 1892 1st college student government forms at Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
  • 1895 William Heard, AME minister & educator, named American minister to Liberia
  • 1896 Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism & wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus

Jewish Artillery Officer Alfred Dreyfus
Jewish Artillery Officer
Alfred Dreyfus
  • 1900 Battle at Hart's Hill, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • 1900 Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in San Francisco Bay
  • 1903 The US and Cuba sign an agreement by which Cuba releases Guantanamo and Bahia Hondo to the US for naval stations
  • 1903 The Sultan agrees to an Austro-Russian plan to reform the government of Macedonia in yet another effort to stifle the rising disorder among the rival Bulgarian
  • 1904 United States acquires control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million
  • 1904 Having occupied Korea, Japan signs a treaty with Korea under which it becomes a Japanese protectorate in return for Japanese protection from other powers
  • 1905 First Rotary Club formed by 4 men in the Unity Building, Chicago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet

  • 1910 1st radio contest held (Philadelphia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 George Bernard Shaw's "Misalliance" premieres in London

  • 1915 Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoe Norwegian ship Regin
  • 1915 Nevada enforces convenient divorce law
  • 1916 US Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin
  • 1918 First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Fascist Party formed in Italy by Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1921 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in NYC from San Francisco
  • 1923 German Republic day with laws against worker
  • 1923 Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 US President Calvin Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (FRC)

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1934 Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
  • 1936 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, NY
  • 1940 Russian troops conquer Lasi Island
  • 1941 Plutonium first produced and isolated by American chemist Glenn T. Seaborg at Berkeley
  • 1942 Japanese submarine fires on oil refinery in Ellwood, California

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Major General Omar Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1943 German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
  • 1944 Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.

Battle of InterestBattle of Eniwetok

1944 Battle of Eniwetok ends as US forces complete the capture of Parry Island from the Japanese 1st Amphibious Brigade

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US landing craft pass supporting warships on their way to Eniwetok Atoll
US landing craft pass supporting warships on their way to Eniwetok Atoll
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  • 1945 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • 1945 Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
  • 1945 Operation Grenade: US Lieutenant General Simpson's 9th Army crosses Ruhr

Victory in BattleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 US Marines raise American flag on top of Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Photo of which by Joe Rosenthall later became iconic, inspiring the Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture

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United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 US General Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170M in aid for European Jews

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Historic DiscoveryPolio

1954 1st mass inoculation against polio with the Jonas Salk vaccine takes place at Arsenal Elementary School in Pittsburgh

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Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
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  • 1954 Syrian army drives out president Adib el-Shishakli
  • 1955 Edgar Faure forms French government
  • 1956 20th Congress of CPSU closes in Moscow
  • 1957 The founding congress of the Senegalese Popular Bloc is opened in Dakar
  • 1958 Arturo Frondizi elected President of Argentina
  • 1958 Last Municipal arc light at Mission & 25th removed in San Francisco (installed 1913)
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 Demolition begins on Brooklyn's Ebbets Field (opened in 1913)
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1965 Constance Baker Motley elected Manhattan Borough president
  • 1966 Military coup in Syria ends Bitar government
  • 1966 Premier Milton Obote seizes power in Uganda
  • 1967 25th amendment (US Presidential succession) adopted
  • 1967 John Herbert's "Fortune & Men's Eyes" premieres in NYC

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1967 Noam Chomsky's anti-Vietnam war essay "The Responsibility of Intellectuals" is published by the New York Review of Books

Linguist and Author Noam Chomsky
Linguist and Author
Noam Chomsky
  • 1969 Nayif Hawatimah forms Dem People's Front for Liberation of Palestine
  • 1970 Guyana becomes a republic (National Day)
  • 1970 Holy Eucharist given by women for 1st time in Roman Catholic service
  • 1971 US army officer William Calley confesses & implicates Captain Medina during his trial for the My Lai Massacre
  • 1973 Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London
  • 1975 In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly two months early in the United States.
  • 1976 Owners announce spring training won't open without a labor contract
  • 1979 Frank Peterson Jr named 1st black general in Marine Corps
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1980 Oil tanker explosion off Pilos, Greece, causes 37-mil-gallon spillage
  • 1981 People magazine features drug ordeal of Mackenzie & Papa John Phillips

BattleCoup d'état

1981 "Tejerazo" Spanish coup led by Civil Guard officer Lieutenant Colonel Antonio Tejero Molina fails after televised speech by King Juan Carlos I

King of Spain Juan Carlos I
King of Spain
Juan Carlos I
  • 1982 Michael Frayn's "Noises Off" premieres in London
  • 1983 USFL New Jersey Generals sign Heisman Trophy winner Herschel Walker to a then massive 3 year, $5 million deal
  • 1983 The Spanish Socialist government of Felipe González and Miguel Boyer nationalizes Rumasa, a holding of José María Ruiz Mateos
  • 1983 The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces its intent to buy out and evacuate the dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri
  • 1985 US Senate confirms Edwin Meese III as Attorney General
  • 1986 Nelli Fiere-Cooman runs world record 60 m indoor (7.00 sec)
  • 1987 Russian Writers Union accepts Boris Pasternak posthumous as member

Birthdays in History

  • 1417 Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Italian Pope (1464-71), born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1471)
  • 1583 Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (d. 1656)
  • 1614 Jacob Colijn(s), Dutch coat of arms painter

Person of interestNicolas Fouquet

1615 Nicolas Fouquet, French politician and Superintendent of Finances (1653-61) who became fabulously wealthy and later imprisoned for maladministration of state funds, born in Paris (d. 1680)

Statesman and Superintendent of Finances Nicolas Fouquet
Statesman and Superintendent of Finances
Nicolas Fouquet
  • 1615 Cornelis Galle II, Flemish engraver/illustrator, baptised

Person of interestSamuel Pepys

1633 Samuel Pepys, English navy administrator and Member of Parliament famous for his Diary of the English Restoration period, born in London (d. 1703)

Diarist Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
  • 1646 Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (d. 1709)
  • 1648 Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (d. 1730)
  • 1700 Wilhelmus Schortinghuis, Dutch theologist (Profound Christianity)
  • 1723 Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)
  • 1729 Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (d. 1809)
  • 1744 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German Jewish banker and founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, born in Frankfurt (d. 1812)
  • 1756 Joannes van der Linden, Dutch lawyer and judge (Ware Pleiter), born in Zuid-Scharwoude, North Holland (d. 1835)
  • 1776 John Walter II, chief proprietor (The Times, 1812-47), born in London, England
  • 1787 Emma Willard, American women's rights activist and educator who founded the 1st school for women's higher education in the US, born in Berlin, Connecticut (d. 1870)
  • 1792 Istvan Ferenczi, Hungarian sculptor
  • 1803 John Sutter, German-Swiss-American colonist who established Sutter's Fort in what is now Sacramento and where gold was first discovered in California, born in Kandern, Margraviate of Baden, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1880)
  • 1817 George Watts, painter, born in London, England
  • 1818 Jeremy F Gilmer, Maj Gen/Chief Engineer Confederate War Dept
  • 1824 Herman N van der Tuuk, Dutch philologist (Tobasch' Grammar)
  • 1824 Lewis Cass Hunt, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brown County Wisconsin (d. 1886)
  • 1831 Hendrik W Mesdag, Dutch painter (Panorama Mesdag)
  • 1834 Gustav Hermann Nachtigal, German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunis
  • 1838 Gilbert Moxley Sorrel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1840 Carl Menger, Austrian economist
  • 1842 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
  • 1850 César Ritz, Swiss hotelier (d. 1918)
  • 1863 Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)

Person of interestW.E.B. Du Bois

1868 W. E. B. Du Bois, American civil rights activist, writer (Souls of Black Folk) and founder of the NAACP, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts (d. 1963)

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 1869 Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • 1873 Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (d. 1929)
  • 1874 Konstantin Päts, Estonian PM (1921-23, 1932-33), dictator (1933-40)
  • 1876 Agnes M Royden, writer
  • 1878 Kazimir Malevich, Ukrainian painter and art theorist (d. 1935)
  • 1879 Agnes Arber, English biologist/philosopher (Mind & the Eye)
  • 1881 Titus [Anno S] Brandsma, Dutch philosopher
  • 1883 Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher
  • 1884 Herman Courtens, Belgian painter
  • 1886 Ventura Garcia Calderon, Peruvian diplomat/author
  • 1889 Frederik M baron of Asbeck, Dutch lawyer (League of Nations)
  • 1898 Reinhard Herbig, German archaeologist
  • 1899 Erich Kästner, German writer (d. 1974)
  • 1901 Aartje W "Mien" van It Sant-van Bommel, author (Mieke-serial)
  • 1901 Edgar Ende, German painter (d. 1965)
  • 1903 Grigori V Aleksandrov, Russian director (Veselye Rebjata)
  • 1904 Leopold Trepper, Polish/Israeli spy/founded (CP Palestina)
  • 1904 William L Shirer, historian (Rise & Fall of 3rd Reich)
  • 1907 Anthony Standerwick Heal, businessman
  • 1908 William McMahon, 20th Prime Minister of Australia (Liberal: 1971-72), born in Redfern, New South Wales (d. 1988)
  • 1911 G. Mennen Williams, Michigan Supreme Court Justice/(Gov-D-Mich, 1949-60), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1911 Walter Ernest Allen, writer/critic
  • 1913 Edward Fiennes-Clinton, Australian-born 18th Earl of Lincoln, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1914 Margaret Farrer, CEO (Central Midwives Board)
  • 1915 Heinrich Schirmbeck, German author (Das Spiegellabyrinth)
  • 1915 Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General and Pilot of B-29 "Enola Gay" over Hiroshima (d. 2007)
  • 1916 William Walsh, academic
  • 1918 Richard G. Butler, American fascist (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Derek Ezra [Baron Ezra], British politician and Liberal Democrat Life Peer
  • 1920 David Wright, South African-British poet (Deafness: A Personal Account), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • 1920 John St Aubyn, 4th Baron St Levan, English peer (St Michael's Mount), born in London (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Paul Gérin-Lajoie, French Canadian politician
  • 1923 Gery Florizoone, Flemish poet
  • 1923 Rafael Addiego Bruno, Uruguayan politician
  • 1925 Louis Stokes, politician (Rep-D-OH, 1969-99), born in Cleveland Ohio (d. 2015)
  • 1928 David Somerset, 11th Duke of Beaufort, British peer
  • 1928 Vasily Grigoryevich Lazarev, Siberia USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18A)
  • 1930 Jef Geeraerts, Flemish writer (Black Venus)
  • 1931 Tom Wesselmann, American collage artist and sculptor (Great American Nudes) (d. 2004)
  • 1933 Donna J. Stone, American poet (Wielder of Words), born in Ohio (d. 1994)
  • 1937 David Ward, president (Law Society)
  • 1937 Lord Tugendhat, British politician (Conservative party)
  • 1939 Edmund Boyd Fisher, publisher
  • 1940 Jermyn P Brooks, CEO (Price Waterhouse Europe)
  • 1941 Frank Gerstenberg, Edinburgh, principal (George Watson's College)
  • 1942 Beau Boulter, (Rep-R-TX, 1985- )
  • 1942 John Lewis, Head Master (Eton College)
  • 1942 Joop van den Ende, Dutch theatrical producer, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 1944 James Cousins, British MP
  • 1944 Bernard Cornwell, English historical novelist
  • 1944 John Sandford, American novelist
  • 1945 Frank Murray, police Officer
  • 1947 Anton Mosimann, Swiss chef (Dorchester Hotel), born in Solothurn, Swiss Jura
  • 1947 Colin Sanders, British computer engineer (Solid State Logic), born in England (d. 1998)
  • 1947 John McWethy, American journalist (d. 2008)
  • 1947 Pia Kjærsgaard, Danish politician
  • 1948 Bill Alexander, theatre director
  • 1948 Doug Moench, American comic book writer

Person of interestMarc Garneau

1949 Marc Garneau, Canadian astronaut (STS 13, 77), born in Quebec City, Québec

Astronaut Marc Garneau
Marc Garneau
  • 1949 Maureen Hicks, British MP
  • 1951 Nicholas Kenyon, controller (BBC Radio 3)
  • 1953 Sallie L Baliunas, astrophysicist
  • 1954 Viktor Yushchenko, President of Ukraine
  • 1960 Gloria, Princess of Thurn and Taxis, born in Stuttgart, Germany

Person of interestNaruhito

1960 Naruhito, Emperor of Japan (2019-), born in Tokyo, Japan

Emperor of Japan Naruhito
Emperor of Japan
  • 1960 Alan Griffin, Australian politician, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1963 Debbie Kruck, Ms. Fitness USA (1994), born in Danbury, Connecticut
  • 1963 Reza Abdoh, Iranian-born American director and playwright, born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1995)
  • 1963 Radosław Sikorski, Polish politician, born in Bydgoszcz, Poland

Person of interestMichael Dell

1965 Michael Dell, American computer manufacturer (Dell Technologies), born in Houston, Texas

Entrepreneur and Founder of Dell Michael Dell
Entrepreneur and Founder of Dell
Michael Dell
  • 1965 Robert "Bob" Ferguson, American politician (Democratic Party) and Attorney General of Washington, born in Seattle, Washington

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1974 Future US Governor Jeb Bush (21) weds Columba Bush (20) in Austin, Texas

Governor of Florida Jeb Bush
Governor of Florida
Jeb Bush

Deaths in History

  • 155 Polycarp, disciple of Apostle John, arrested & burned at stake
  • 943 Herbert II, Count of Vermandois, (b. 884)
  • 1011 Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz
  • 1100 Emperor Zhezong of China (b. 1076)
  • 1447 Eugene IV [Gabriele Condulmer], Italian Pope (1431-47), dies
  • 1447 Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1390)
  • 1464 Zhu Qizhen, Chinese Emperor Yingzong of Ming (1435-49 and 1457-64), dies at 36 but not before giving an order to end the practice of burying alive concubines and palace maids so that they could follow emperors to the next world
  • 1507 Gentile Bellini, Venetian painter (Sultan Mohammed II), dies at about 78 (burial date)
  • 1526 Diego Columbus [Colón], Portuguese navigator, son of Christopher Columbus, and 2nd Viceroy of the Indies (1511-1526), dies at 45
  • 1554 Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, Lady Jane Grey's father, executed
  • 1603 Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician and botanist, dies at 83
  • 1607 Herman Herbertsz, vicar, dies at about 60
  • 1669 Lieuwe van Aitzema, Dutch historian (Matters of State & War), dies at 68
  • 1679 Anne Conway, English philosopher, dies at 47
  • 1682 Abraham de Wicquefort, Dutch diplomat and historian, dies at 75
  • 1718 Francois Fagel, Dutch field marshal/mayor of Nimegen, dies at 63
  • 1719 Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg, German Lutheran missionary to India, dies at 36
  • 1766 Stanislaw Leszcynski, duke of Lutherans/king of Poland, dies
  • 1781 George Taylor, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (for Pennsylvania), dies at about 64 or 65
  • 1792 Joshua Reynolds, English portrait painter (Simplicity), dies at 68
  • 1800 Joseph Warton, English literary critic (b. 1722)

Person of interestJohn Keats

1821 John Keats, English Romantic poet (Ode to a Grecian Urn), dies of tuberculosis at 25

Romantic Poet John Keats
Romantic Poet
John Keats
  • 1821 Marie-Anne Collot, French sculptor, dies

Person of interestJohn Quincy Adams

1848 John Quincy Adams, 6th US President (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams
  • 1851 Joanna Baillie, Scottish poet and playwright, dies at 88

Person of interestCarl Friedrich Gauss

1855 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), dies at 77

Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss
  • 1859 Zygmunt Krasiński, Polish Romantic poet (b. 1812)
  • 1879 Albrecht von Roon, Prussian soldier and statesman (Minister of War), dies at 75
  • 1884 Jimmy Tambo, Australian aboriginal, US circus attraction, dies at 23
  • 1900 William Butterfield, architect of the Gothic revival, dies
  • 1900 Ernest Dowson, British poet (Decorations in Verse and Prose), dies at 32
  • 1902 Samuel R Gardiner, British historian (Oliver Cromwell), dies at 72
  • 1904 Mahendralal Sarkar, Indian homeopath doctor and founder of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, dies at 70
  • 1906 Johann Hoch, US murderer, executed
  • 1908 Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
  • 1915 Robert Smalls, African-American congressman (1875-87), dies at 75
  • 1918 Adolf Friedrich VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, dies at 35
  • 1922 Albert Victor Bäcklund, Swedish physicist (b. 1845)
  • 1934 Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan patriot, assassinated by the National Guard at 38
  • 1935 Jan Duiker, Dutch architect (Hotel Gooiland), dies at 44
  • 1942 Stefan Zweig, Austrian poet, essayist and dramatist (Beware of Pity), dies at 60

Person of interestLeo Baekeland

1944 Leo Baekeland, Belgian-American chemist and inventor (bakelite plastics), dies at 80

Chemist Leo Baekeland
Leo Baekeland
  • 1945 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
  • 1945 Aubrey Cousins, Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle
  • 1946 Tomoyuki Yamashita [Yamashita Tomobumi], Imperial Japanese general dubbed "Tiger of Malaya," executed for war crimes by hanging at 60
  • 1948 John Robert Gregg, Irish-American inventor of a shorthand system Gregg Shorthand, dies at 80
  • 1955 Paul Claudel, French poet and playwright (L'otage-1909), dies at 86
  • 1957 John Friend Mahoney, American physician who pioneered the treatment of syphilis with penicillin, dies at 67
  • 1968 Fannie Hurst, American author (Anatomy of Me), dies at 78
  • 1971 King Lockwood, dies of stroke at 73
  • 1973 Dickinson W. Richards, American physician (Nobel 1956 - development of cardiac catheterization and the characterisation of a number of cardiac diseases), dies at 77
  • 1976 L. S. Lowry, British painter of industrial scenes, dies at 88
  • 1979 W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician, dies at 78
  • 1980 Robert Vandekerckhove, Belgian politician, dies at 62
  • 1980 Enrico Celio, Swiss lawyer and President of Switzerland (1943), dies at 90
  • 1989 Hans Hellmut Kirst, German author (The Lieutenant Must Be Mad), dies at 74
  • 1990 Annelien Kappeyne van de Coppello, Dutch lawyer and politician (Liberal), dies at 53
  • 1990 James Gavin, US 82nd Airborne Division General (Sicily/Normandy), dies at 82
  • 1990 Jose Napoleon Duarte, president of Salvador (1984-89), dies at 62
  • 1992 Markos Vafiades, leader (ELAS, 1943-49), dies
  • 1994 Stuart Berger, doctor (Immune Power Diet), dies from obesity at 40

Person of interestJames Herriot

1995 James Herriot [Alfred Wight], Scottish author (All Creatures Great & Small), dies at 78

Veterinarian and Novelist James Herriot
Veterinarian and Novelist
James Herriot
  • 1995 Norman Hunter, English children's writer (Professor Branestawm), dies at 95
  • 1995 Peter Wykeham, Royal Air Force fighter pilot, dies at 79
  • 1996 Joseph Walker Barr, banker/politician, dies at 78
  • 1997 Oscar Lewenstein, British impresario, dies at 80
  • 1999 Carlos Hathcock, USMC Sniper, 93 Confirmed Kills (b. 1942)
  • 2000 Albrecht Goes, German writer and theologian, dies at 91
  • 2003 Robert K. Merton, American sociologist (b. 1910)
  • 2003 Robert K. Meston, American sociologist (functionalism), dies at 92
  • 2004 Sikander Bakht, Indian politician, Governor of Kerala, dies at 85
  • 2008 Janez Drnovšek, Slovenian prime minister and president (b. 1950)
  • 2008 Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot, first to land at Newfoundland Airport on January 11, 1938 (b. 1916)
  • 2008 Denis Lazure, Canadian physician and politician, dies at 82
  • 2008 Roger Foulon, Belgian writer (Un été dans la Fagne), dies at 84
  • 2017 Lord David Waddington, British politician (Home Secretary 1989-90), dies at 87