On This Day

On This Day in History for February 26

Events in History

  • 747 BC Epoch (origin) of Ptolemy's Nabonassar Era
  • 364 Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman Emperor
  • 1266 Battle of Benevento fought in Southern Italy between Manfred of Sicily and army of Charles of Anjou
  • 1534 Pope Paul II affirms George van Egmond as bishop of Utrecht
  • 1590 Mauritius of Nassaus sails to Breda
  • 1606 First known European landing in Australia by Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon at the Pennefather River, Cape York, northern Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1616 Roman Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo demanding he abandon his belief in heliocentrism, which states the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1732 1st mass celebrated in 1st American Catholic church, St Joseph's, Philadelphia
  • 1773 Construction of Walnut Street Jail is approved by the state of Pennsylvania; it will become the first experiment with the practice of solitary confinement in the United States
  • 1794 Christiansborg Castle, Copenhagen burns down
  • 1797 Bank of England issues first £1 note

BattleHistoric Siege

1804 Vice-admiral William Bligh (of Bounty fame) ends siege of Fort Amsterdam, Willemstad

Naval Commander William Bligh
Naval Commander
William Bligh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Napoleon Bonaparte and his supporters leave Elba to start a 100 day re-conquest of France

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1832 Polish constitution abolished and replaced by Tsar Nicholas I
  • 1834 1st US interstate crime compact (NY-NJ) ratified
  • 1848 2nd French Republic proclaimed
  • 1852 British troopship Birkenhead sinks off South Africa, 458 die, 193 survive
  • 1862 Battle of Woodburn, Kentucky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Abraham Lincoln signs National Currency Act, establishes single national US currency

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1866 New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health
  • 1869 US 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states to ratify
  • 1870 Beach Pneumatic Transit - 1st attempt to demonstrate a subway in New York opens (pneumatic powered)
  • 1881 -27] Natal: British troops under Major General Colley occupy Majuba Hill
  • 1881 P&O's SS Ceylon begins world's 1st round-the-world pleasure cruise from Liverpool
  • 1884 British & Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II
  • 1885 Berlin Conference gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to Great Britain
  • 1891 1st buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1891 Henrik Ibsen's "Hedda Gabler" premieres in Oslo

Playwright Henrik Ibsen
Playwright
Henrik Ibsen
  • 1893 2 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, Mich
  • 1893 Einar Halvorsen skates world record 500m (48 sec)
  • 1895 Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio, patents a glass-blowing machine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 British General Kitchener confers with Boer general Louis Botha about peace conditions, which break down over the question of amnesty for some Boers

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
1st Prime Minister of South Africa Louis Botha
1st Prime Minister of South Africa
Louis Botha
  • 1907 Royal Oil & Shell merge to form British Petroleum (BP)
  • 1907 US Congress raise their own salaries to $7,500

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1907 Louis Botha Het Volk Party wins a majority in the election in Transvaal, South Africa

1st Prime Minister of South Africa Louis Botha
1st Prime Minister of South Africa
Louis Botha
  • 1909 Austria and Turkey conclude an agreement in which Turkey recognizes Austria's 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is to receive compensation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 Gandhi supports the African People's Organisations resolution to declare the Prince of Wales day of arrival in South Africa a day of mourning, in protest against the South Africa Acts disenfranchisement of Indians, Coloureds and Africans

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1912 Coal miners strike in Britain (settle on 1st March)
  • 1914 New York Museum of Science & Industry incorporated
  • 1914 HMHS Britannic, sister to the Titanic, is launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast
  • 1915 Malancourt, Argonnen 1st (German) flame-thrower
  • 1916 Germans sink French transport ship Provence II, killing 930
  • 1916 Russian troops conquer Kermansjah, Persia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Russian February Revolution: Tsar Nicolas II orders army to quell civil unrest in Petrograd - army mutinies [NS Mar 11]

  • 1917 1st Annual fair at Utrecht Harbor (Netherlands)
  • 1919 Acadia National Park forms (as Lafayette N P), Maine
  • 1919 Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
  • 1921 The USSR signs treaties respecting the integrity of Persia and of Afghanistan
  • 1923 Italian nationalist & fascists merge (blue-shirts & black-shirts)

BattleCoup d'état

1924 Trial against Hitler for treason in "Beer Hall Putsch" in Munich begins

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • 1925 Jihad against Turkish government
  • 1926 Dark Street in the Bronx renamed Lustre Street

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 US President Calvin Coolidge establishes Grand Teton National Park

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1930 1st red & green traffic lights installed in Manhattan, NYC
  • 1933 Golden Gate Bridge groundbreaking ceremony held at Crissy Field
  • 1933 Marinus van der Lubbe kept overnight in a police cell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 RADAR (Radio Detection and Ranging) first demonstrated by Robert Watson-Watt

Physicist and Radar Pioneer Robert Watson-Watt
Physicist and Radar Pioneer
Robert Watson-Watt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Existence of re-formed German Luftwaffe revealed (banned in 1920 by Treaty of Versailles) with Reichsmarshall Hermann Göring as commander-in-chief

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1936 Adolf Hitler introduces Ferdinand Porsche's "Volkswagen"
  • 1936 Military coup in Japan
  • 1937 Christopher Isherwood and W. H. Auden's "Ascent of F6" premieres in London
  • 1938 1st passenger ship equipped with radar
  • 1938 US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer
  • 1938 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • 1940 US Air Defense Command forms at Mitchel Field, LI, NY
  • 1941 2 fighters unable to continued slugfest, referee declares double KO
  • 1941 Cowboys' Amateur Association of America organized (California)
  • 1941 Utrecht & Zaandam strike against raid on Jews
  • 1941 Vichy-France makes religious education in school mandatory
  • 1942 German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb
  • 1942 Radio Orange calls for March 1 day of prayer in Dutch Indies
  • 1942 Werner Heisenberg, a principal scientist in the German nuclear weapons program, delivers a lecture to Nazi officials about extracting energy from nuclear fission
  • 1943 German assault moves to Beja, North Tunisia
  • 1944 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
  • 1945 Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force
  • 1946 2 killed & 10 wounded in race riot in Columbia, Tennessee
  • 1949 USAF plane began 1st nonstop around-the-world flight
  • 1951 Bread rationing in Czechoslovakia begins
  • 1952 Netherlands-Indonesian Unity conference

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 PM Winston Churchill announces Britain has its own atomic bomb

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1953 Allen Dulles officially promoted from deputy director to become the 5th Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
  • 1954 1st typesetting machine (photo engraving) used, Quincy, Massachusetts
  • 1954 Michigan rep Ruth Thompson (R) introduces legislation to ban mailing "obscene, lewd, lascivious or filthy" phonograph (rock & roll) records
  • 1955 1st aviator to bail out at supersonic speed-GF Smith

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Writers and poets Sylvia Plath & Ted Hughes meet at a party in Cambridge

Author and Poet Sylvia Plath
Author and Poet
Sylvia Plath
Poet Ted Hughes
Poet
Ted Hughes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev voices support for Indonesia

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1960 Verne Gagne beats Doctor X in Omaha, to become NWA wrestling champ
  • 1962 Arthur Kopit's "Oh, Dad, Poor Dad . . ." premieres in NYC
  • 1962 US Supreme court disallows race separation on public transportation
  • 1965 Dutch government of Marijnen falls
  • 1965 West Germany ceases military aid to Tanzania
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1967 Verne Gagne beats Mad Dog Vachon in St Paul, to become NWA champion
  • 1968 Clandestine Radio Voice of Iraqi People (Communist) final transmission
  • 1971 Secretary-General U Thant signs United Nations proclamation of the vernal equinox as Earth Day.
  • 1971 Two Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are shot and killed by the Irish Republican Army while on a mobile patrol in the Ardoyne area of Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1972 Slag heap dam collapses above Buffalo Creek, West Virginia, kills 125
  • 1973 Triple Crown horse Secretariat bought for a record $5.7m
  • 1974 Gold hits record $188 an ounce in Paris
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Birthdays in History

  • 1361 Wenceslas of Bohemia, Holy Roman Catholic German emperor (1378-1400)
  • 1564 Christopher Marlowe, English poet and dramatist (Dr Faustus), born in Canterbury, England (d. 1593) baptism date
  • 1671 Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician and philosopher (d. 1713)
  • 1672 Antoine Augustine Calmet, French theologian (d. 1757)
  • 1714 James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (d. 1758)
  • 1720 Gian Francesco Albani, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1803)
  • 1725 Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French inventor who designed and built 1st automobile, born in Void, France (d. 1804) [or born September 25]
  • 1746 Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, Duchess and de facto ruler of Parma, daughter of Maria Therese of Austria and sister of Marie Antoinette, born in Vienna (d. 1806)
  • 1799 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)

Person of interestVictor Hugo

1802 Victor Hugo, French author (Hunchback of Notre Dame, Les Miserables), born in Besançon, France (d. 1885)

Author Victor Hugo
Author
Victor Hugo
  • 1808 Honoré Daumier, French painter, illustrator, and sculptor (d. 1879)
  • 1808 Nathan Kelley, American architect, active mainly in Ohio, (d. 1871)
  • 1814 Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (d. 1876)
  • 1824 Carlos Calvo, Argentine diplomat and human rights scholar (Calvo Clause)

Person of interestLevi Strauss

1829 Levi Strauss, German-born American clothing designer who founded the 1st company to manufacture blue jeans (Levi Strauss & Co.), born in Buttenheim, Bavaria (d. 1902)

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss
Fashion Designer
Levi Strauss
  • 1832 John George Nicolay, German-American author (Abe Lincoln's biographer), born in Essingen, Rhenish Bavaria (d. 1901)
  • 1835 Richard Andree, German geography, etnologist (Andree's Handatlas)
  • 1837 Charles Woeste, Belgian count, Minister of Justice, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • 1841 Evelyn Baring, Earl of Cromer English consul-general in Egypt and writer, (d. 1917)
  • 1842 Camille Flammarion, French astronomer, Mars researcher and popularizer of astronomy, born in Montigny-le-Roi, Haute-Marne, France (d. 1925)
  • 1845 Alexander III, Russian tsar (1881-94), born in the Winter Palace, St Petersburg, Russian Empire (3/10 NS)
  • 1846 William "Buffalo Bill" Cody, Wild West hunter and showman (Buffalo Bill's Wild West), born in Davenport Iowa (d. 1917)
  • 1852 John Harvey Kellogg, American surgeon and nutritionist, inspired flaked cereal industry, born in Tyrone, Michigan (d. 1943)
  • 1857 Emile Coué, French pharmacist (recovery by auto suggestion)
  • 1858 Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (d. 1917)
  • 1861 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria

Person of interestHerbert Henry Dow

1866 Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (Dow Chemical), born in Ontario, Canada (d. 1930)

Chemical Industrialist Herbert Henry Dow
Chemical Industrialist
Herbert Henry Dow
  • 1867 Siegfried Passarge, German geographer (Cameroon, South Africa, born in Königsberg, Prussia (d. 1958) alternative birth date Nov 28 1866
  • 1869 Nadezhda Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary and wife of Vladimir Lenin, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1939)
  • 1873 Ewoud van Everdingen, Dutch meteorologist
  • 1876 Agustín Pedro Justo, President of Argentina (1932-38) during the Infamous Decade, born in Concepción del Uruguay, Entre Ríos (d. 1943)
  • 1876 Pauline Musters, Dutch world's smallest woman at 24 inches (61 cm), born in Ossendrecht, Netherlands (d. 1895)
  • 1877 Carel Steven Adama van Scheltema, Dutch socialist poet, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1924)
  • 1880 Lionel Logue, Australian speech therapist who treated King George VI (The Kings Speech), born in Adelaide (d. 1953)
  • 1882 Walter Lucht, German artillery general (WW I/WW II)
  • 1882 Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral, commander of the Pacific Fleet during Pearl Harbour Attack, born in Henderson, Kentucky (d. 1968)
  • 1883 Erich R. Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetism), born in Breslau, German Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1884 Hildo Krop, Dutch modernistic sculptor
  • 1885 Aleksandras Stulginskis, President of Lithuania (d. 1969)
  • 1887 Benegal Narsing Rau, Indian lawyer and civil servant, President of UN Security Council (1950), helped draft India's constitution, born in Mangalore, India (d. 1953)
  • 1887 Stefan Grabinski, Polish writer (d. 1936)
  • 1893 Ivor Armstrong Richards, English literary critic (The Meaning of Meaning), born in Sandbach, England (d. 1979)
  • 1893 I. A. Richards, English poet and influential critic (Meaning of Meaning), born in Sandbach, England (d. 1979)
  • 1896 Andrei A. Zjdanov, Russian politician (against kosmopolitism)
  • 1898 Julien de Valckenaere, Flemish writer
  • 1899 Max Petitpierre, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1994)
  • 1902 Vercors [Jean Bruller], French writer (Le Silence de la Mer)
  • 1903 Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1906 Nikos Ghika, Greek artist, born in Athens (d. 1994)
  • 1907 John Bowlby, British psychologist, born in London, England (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Tex Avery, American cartoonist at Warner Bros, MGM ( Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig), born in Taylor, Texas (d. 1980)
  • 1908 Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (d. 2007)
  • 1909 Fanny Cradock, English TV Chef and food critic, born in Leytonstone, England (d. 1994)
  • 1909 King Talal of Jordan (d. 1972)
  • 1911 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia MP chairman
  • 1911 Tarō Okamoto, Japanese avant-garde artist (d. 1996)
  • 1913 George Barker, English poet (Calamiterror, Anno Domini), born in Loughton, England (d. 1991)
  • 1913 Hermann Lenz, German writer (Swabian Chronicle), born in Stuttgart (d. 1998)
  • 1915 Elisabeth Eybers, South African Dutch poetess (That Woman & Other Verses)
  • 1915 Pran Nath Chhuttani, Indian physician and teacher, born in Leiah, Pakistan (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Robert Taft Jr, American politician (Sen-R-Ohio), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1993)
  • 1918 Otis Bowen, American politician, US Sec of Health & Human Services (1985-89), born in near Rochester, Indiana (d. 2013)
  • 1918 Theodore Sturgeon, American sci-fi author (Hugo, It, Caviar), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1985)
  • 1920 Lucjan Wolanowski, Polish journalist, writer and traveller (d. 2006)
  • 1924 Noboru Takeshita, Japanese PM (1987-89), born in Unnan, Japan (d. 2000)
  • 1927 Tom Kennedy, American quiz host (You Don't Say, Name That Tune), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • 1928 Anatoli Vassilyevich Filipchenko, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 16)
  • 1928 Ariel Sharon, Israeli general and politician, Prime Minister of Israel (2001-2006), born at Kfar Malal (d. 2014)
  • 1933 James Goldsmith, corporate raider (Referendum Party), born in Paris, France
  • 1935 Azzedine Alaïa, Tunisian-born fashion designer, born in Tunis, Tunisia (d. 2017)
  • 1938 Evagoras Pallikarides, Cypriot freedom fighter, born in Tsada, Cyprus (d. 1957)
  • 1942 Adriaan van Dis, Dutch author (Nathan Sid, In Africa), born in Bergen aan Zee, Netherlands
  • 1943 Bob van Reeth, Flemish architect, born in Temse, Belgium
  • 1943 Dante Ferretti, Italian art director & costume designer, born in Macerata, Italy
  • 1946 Phyllis Eisenstein, American sci-fi author (Sorcerer's Son, Born to Exile), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1946 Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American chemist & Nobel laureate (1999), born in Damanhur, Egypt (d. 2016)
  • 1947 Sandie Shaw [Sandra Goodrich], English rocker (Girl Don't Come), born in Essex, England
  • 1949 Elizabeth George, American novelist (Inspector Thomas Lynley mystery novels), born in Warren, Ohio

Person of interestHelen Clark

1950 Helen Clark, New Zealand Prime Minister (Labour: 1999-2008) and Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme (2009-17), born in Hamilton, New Zealand

New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark
New Zealand Prime Minister
Helen Clark

Person of interestRecep Tayyip Erdoğan

1954 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister of Turkey, born in Kasımpaşa, Istanbul

President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
President of Turkey
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
  • 1957 David Muldrow Beasley, American politician, born in Darlington, South Carolina
  • 1958 Susan J. Helms, Mjr USAF/Astronaut (STS 54, 64, 78), born in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1958 Karen Berger, American comic book editor, born in New York City
  • 1958 Michel Houellebecq, French novelist, born in Saint-Pierre, Réunion
  • 1958 Tim Kaine, US Senator (D-Vir) and 2016 Democratic nominee for Vice President, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota

Person of interestWang Dan

1969 Wang Dan, Chinese dissident and one of the student leaders of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests, born in Beijing, China

Chinese Dissident Wang Dan
Chinese Dissident
Wang Dan
  • 1978 John Tartaglia, Broadway performer & "Muppeteer", born in Maple Shade, New Jersey
  • 1981 Johnathan Wendel, American professional video gamer, born in Kansas City, Kansas

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1924 Astronomer Edwin Hubble (34) weds Grace Burke in Pasadena, California

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble

LoveWedding of Interest

1934 Theoretical physicist Edward Teller (25) weds Augusta Maria Harkanyi

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller

Deaths in History

  • 1076 Godfrey IV "the Hunchback", Duke of Lower Lorraine murdered (or Feb 27)
  • 1154 Rogier II Guiscard, King of Sicily (1101-54), dies at 60
  • 1266 Manfred, bastard son of Emperor Frederik II/king of Sicily, dies at the Battle of Benevento
  • 1324 Dino Compagni, Italian silk seller, poet and chronicler, dies
  • 1360 Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March, English military leader (b. 1328)
  • 1538 Worp van Thabor, Frisian abbott of Thabor (Chronicon Frisiae), dies
  • 1561 Jorge de Montemayor, Spanish writer
  • 1577 Erik XIV, King of Sweden (1560-69), dies of arsenic poisoning at 43
  • 1608 John Still, English Bishop of Bath and Wells, dies at about 64
  • 1686 Godefroi L Comte d'Estrades, French diplomat/marshal, dies at about 78
  • 1726 Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria and governor of the Spanish Netherlands (1691-1714), dies at 63
  • 1802 Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral and Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy, dies at 83

Person of interestRobert R. Livingston

1813 Robert R. Livingston, US diplomat (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66

American Founding Father Robert R. Livingston
American Founding Father
Robert R. Livingston
  • 1814 Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish sculptor, dies at 73
  • 1815 Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (b. 1737)
  • 1821 Joseph de Maistre, Savoyard diplomat and writer (b. 1753)
  • 1839 Sybil Ludington, American revolutionary heroine (rode to alert militia), dies at 77
  • 1864 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician (Prime Minister of the Province of Canada), dies at 56
  • 1870 Wyatt Outlaw, African American Town Councillor and Constable, leader of Union League in NC, lynched by the Ku Klux Klan at about 50
  • 1871 Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general, dies at 76
  • 1871 Sophia Hawthorne, American writer, painter and illustrator, dies at 61
  • 1883 Alexandros Koumoundouros, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1817)
  • 1896 Arsène Houssaye, French novelist and poet, dies at 80
  • 1901 Chi-hsui, during Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
  • 1901 Hsu Cheng-yu, during Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
  • 1903 Richard Jordan Gatling, US inventor (Gatling Gun), dies at 84
  • 1920 Ludwig Rubiner, German poet and essayist, dies at 38
  • 1921 Carl Menger, Austrian economist, dies at 81
  • 1926 Frederik Pijper, Dutch vicar and church historian (Monasteries), dies at 67
  • 1930 Rafael Merry del Val, British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal, dies at 64
  • 1931 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83
  • 1933 Princess Thyra, daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (b. 1853)
  • 1941 Jan Keizer, Zaanse February striker, shot to death
  • 1943 Theodor Eicke, German Nazi official who developed the concentration camps, killed at 50 when his plane shot down
  • 1947 Heinrich Häberlin, Swiss politician, member of the Federal Council, dies at 78
  • 1954 William Inge, English author, theologist and Dean of St Paul's Cathedral, dies at 93
  • 1956 Herman Courtens, Belgian baron and painter, dies at 72
  • 1959 Princess Alexandra, 2nd Duchess of Fife, granddaughter of King Edward VII and great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria, dies at 67
  • 1960 Aleksandar Belic, Serbian linguist, dies at 83
  • 1961 Karl Albiker, German sculptor (Problem of the Plastic), dies at 83
  • 1961 Mohammed V, ibn Yusuf, sultan/King of Morocco, dies at 51
  • 1963 Artturi Leinonen, Finnish journalist and writer (Kati), dies at 74
Civil Rights Activist Jimmie Lee Jackson
Civil Rights Activist
Jimmie Lee Jackson
  • 1966 Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian independence activist and writer (The Indian War of Independence), dies at 82
  • 1969 Karl Jaspers, German psychiatrist/philosopher, dies at 86
  • 1969 Levi Eshkol [Sjkolnik], Israeli Prime Minister (1963-69), dies in office of a heart attack at 73
  • 1972 Tom Manders, Dutch cabaret artist (Dorus), dies at 50
  • 1981 FC Terborgh [Reijnier Flaes], Dutch lawyer and writer (Turkish War), dies at 79
  • 1981 Robert Aickman, English writer and conservationist (co-founding the Inland Waterways Association), dies at 66
  • 1990 Maurine Stuart, Zen teacher (head of Cambridge Buddhist Association), dies
  • 1993 Fletcher Knebel, American author (Seven Days in May), commits suicide following long bout with cancer at 81
  • 1993 Mark Kolthoff, Dutch painter and photographer, dies at 92
  • 1994 Avery Fisher, US audio manufacturer (1st hi-fi), dies at 87
  • 1994 Leopold "Hans" Kohr, Austrian social philosopher, dies at 84
  • 1996 Daniel John Chapman Cunningham, physiologist, dies at 76
  • 1997 Nuccio Bertone, Italian automobile designer, dies at 82
  • 2000 George L. Street III, American Navy Submariner and Medal of Honor recipient, dies at 86
  • 2001 Arturo Uslar Pietri, Venezuelan writer (b. 1906)
  • 2004 Shankarrao Chavan, Indian politician (b. 1920)
  • 2004 Adolf Ehrnrooth, Finnish general (b. 1905)
  • 2004 Boris Trajkovski, 2nd President of the Republic of Macedonia, dies at 47
  • 2005 Jef Raskin, American computer scientist (b. 1943)
  • 2008 Dick Fletcher, American meteorologist, dies at 65
  • 2008 Glory Mukwati, Zimbabwean politician
  • 2010 Nujabes, Japanese Hip Hop producer and inspiration to many around the world.
  • 2010 Violet Barclay, American illustrator, dies at 87
  • 2011 Arnošt Lustig, Czech writer (b. 1926)
  • 2011 James A. McClure, American politician (Senator - Idaho), dies at 86
  • 2015 Avijit Roy, Bangladeshi-American activist and blogger, killed by assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh at 42
  • 2015 Theodore Hesburgh, president (University of Notre Dame), dies at 97
  • 2017 Joseph Wapner, American judge (People's Court), dies at 97
  • 2017 Gerald Kaufman, British Labour MP, dies at 86
  • 2019 Charles McCarry, American author and former CIA spy (The Tears of Autumn), dies of a cerebral haemorrhage at 88
  • 2020 Nexhmije Hoxha, Albanian wife of dictator Enver Hoxha 'Lady Macbeth of Albania', dies at 99
  • 2021 John Mallard, English medical physicist (developed MRI and PET scans), dies at 94