On This Day

On This Day in History for February 28

Events in History

  • 202 BC Coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place, initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty's rule over China
  • 364 Valentinian I becomes Roman Emperor (rules till 375)
  • 870 8th Ecumenical council ends in Constantinople
  • 1570 Anti-Portuguese uprising on Ternate, Moluccas
  • 1638 Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
  • 1646 Roger Scott tried in Massachusetts for sleeping in church
  • 1653 -Mar 3] 3 Day Sea battle English beat Dutch
  • 1667 English colony Suriname comes under Dutch controls
  • 1700 Today is followed by March 1 in Sweden, thus creating the Swedish calendar
  • 1704 Frenchman Elias Neau opens a school for blacks in NYC
  • 1704 Indians attack Deerfield, Massachusetts, killing 40, kidnapping 100
  • 1708 Slave revolt in Newton, Long Island NY results in 11 deaths
  • 1710 In the Battle of Helsingborg, 14,000 Danish invaders under Jørgen Rantzau are decisively defeated by an equally sized Swedish force under Magnus Stenbock
  • 1730 Tsarina Anna Ivanovna leads autocracy
  • 1749 1st edition of Henry Fieldings' novel "Tom Jones" published
  • 1759 Pope Clement XIII allows Bible to be translated into various languages
  • 1778 Rhode Island General Assembly authorizes enlistment of slaves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1784 John Wesley charters Methodist Church

Evangelist John Wesley
John Wesley
  • 1787 The charter establishing the institution now known as the University of Pittsburgh is granted
  • 1794 US Senate voids Pennsylvania's election of Abraham Gallatin
  • 1804 Charles Pichegru, French army general and royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon in the Pichegru Conspiracy, arrested
  • 1810 1st US fire insurance joint-stock company organized, Philadelphia
  • 1826 Biela's Comet rediscovered by Austrian astronomer Wilhelm von Biela (originally discovered 1772)
  • 1827 1st commercial railroad in US, Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) chartered
  • 1828 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Treuer Diener" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832 Charles Darwin, aboard HMS Beagle, arrives in the town of Salvador in the Brazilian state of Bahia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1835 Dr Elias L"nnrot publishes Finnish poem "Kalevala"
  • 1838 Robert Nelson, leader of the Patriotes, proclaims the independence of Lower Canada (today Québec)
  • 1844 12-inch gun aboard USS Princeton explodes, killing Secretary of State Abel P. Upshur, Secretary of the Navy Thomas Gilmer, and other high-ranking U.S. federal officials
  • 1847 US defeats Mexico in battle of Sacramento
  • 1849 1st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in San Francisco from the east coast
  • 1850 The University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1854 Republican Party formally organized in Ripon, Wisconsin
  • 1859 Arkansas legislature requires free blacks to choose exile or slavery
  • 1863 Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • 1864 -Mar 3rd] Skirmish at Albemarle County Virginia (Burton's Ford)
  • 1864 -Mar 4th) Raid at Kilpatrick's Richmond
  • 1870 The Bulgarian Exarchate (Orthodox Church) is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire
  • 1871 2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1878 Congress overrides US President Rutherford B. Hayes veto of the Bland-Allison Act, requiring the Treasury to buy a certain amount of silver and put it into circulation as silver dollars

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1878 US congress authorizes large-size silver certificate
  • 1879 "Exodus of 1879" southern blacks flee political and economic exploitation
  • 1882 1st US college cooperative store opens, at Harvard University
  • 1883 1st US vaudeville theater opens in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1888 Ferry in San Pablo Bay explodes
  • 1891 Oscar Grundén skates world record 500m (50.8 sec)
  • 1893 Edward Acheson of Pennsylvania, patents an abrasive he names "carborundum" (Silicon carbide)
  • 1896 France dismisses Queen Ranavalona of Madagascar
  • 1900 General Buller's troops relieve Ladysmith in Natal
  • 1908 Failed assassination attempt on Shah Mohammed Ali in Tehran
  • 1909 1st National Woman's Day is observed in the United States. Organized by the Socialist Party of America in honor of the 1908 garment workers' strike in New York, where women protested against working conditions.
  • 1914 Construction begins on Tower of Jewels for the San Francisco Exposition
  • 1915 WWI: After the French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region, they gain a few hundred yards - at the cost of 50,000 casualties
  • 1917 AP reports Mexico & Japan will allie with Germany if US enters WW I
  • 1922 KHQ-AM in Spokane WA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Swedish King Gustaaf V begins state visit to Netherlands
  • 1924 US begins intervention in Honduras
  • 1925 Congress authorizes a special handling stamp
  • 1925 Theater Museum of Amsterdam forms
  • 1931 British politician Oswald Mosley founds the New Party
  • 1933 1st female in US Cabinet: Frances Perkins appointed Secretary of Labor

Famous PhotoReichstag Fire

1933 On Adolf Hitler's advice, German President Paul von Hindenburg signs the Reichstag Fire Decree after the building is destroyed by fire in Berlin; this eliminates many civil liberties in Germany

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The Reichstag building in Berlin, housing the German Parliament, on fire during the night of February 27, 1933.
The Reichstag building in Berlin, housing the German Parliament, on fire during the night of February 27, 1933.
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 After the Reichstag Fire Decree, the German Communist Party (KPD) is essentially outlawed (though not formally banned) after the German government blames the Communists for burning down the Reichstag building

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1933 Pacifist and anti fascist writer Carl Von Ossietzky arrested, sent to Esterwegen-Papenburg concentration camp
  • 1935 Amsterdam Hotel of the Red Lion gets sidewalk permit
  • 1935 Wallace Carothers manufactures 1st nylon polymer
  • 1935 Ladby Ship is discovered within a Viking grave on the island of Funen in Denmark by amateur archaeologist Poul Helweg Mikkelsen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Great Britain recognizes Franco regime in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1939 The first issue of Serbian weekly magazine Politikin zabavnik is published.
  • 1939 The erroneous word "Dord" is discovered in the Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation.
  • 1940 Richard Wright's "Native Son" published
  • 1940 US population at 131,669,275 (12,865,518 African American (9.8%))
  • 1941 British-Italian dogfight above Albania
  • 1942 1st weapon drop on Netherlands
  • 1942 Japanese land in Java, last Allied bastion in Dutch East Indies
  • 1942 Race riot at Sojourner Truth Homes, Detroit
  • 1944 Arrests of the ten-Boom family in Nazi occupied Netherlands (Haarlem) through a Dutch collaborator on charges of hiding Jews

TaiwanFebruary 28 Massacre

1947 February 28 Massacre: Anti-government uprising in Taiwan is violently put down by Chiang Kai-shek and his Kuomintang-led Republic of China government with the loss of 18,000-28,000 lives. Marks the beginning of the White Terror.

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An angry crowd occupies the Tobacco Monopoly Bureau in Taipei
An angry crowd occupies the Tobacco Monopoly Bureau in Taipei
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  • 1951 French government of Pleven dissolves
  • 1951 Senate committee reports of at least 2 major US crime syndicates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor General of Canada

Governor General of Canada Vincent Massey
Governor General of Canada
Vincent Massey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Francis Crick and James Watson discover the chemical structure of DNA-molecule (double-helix polymer)

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
Molecular Biologist James Watson
Molecular Biologist
James Watson
  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1956 13 die in a train crash in Swampscott, Massachusetts
  • 1956 American engineer Wright Forrester issued a patent for computer core memory
  • 1959 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Barbara Wagner and Robert Paul of Canada, their 3rd title
  • 1959 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Colorado Springs won by Carol Heiss USA
  • 1959 Launch of Discoverer 1 (WTR)-1st polar orbit
  • 1959 Men's World Figure Skating Championship in Colorado Springs won by David Jenkins USA

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1961 JFK names Henry Kissinger special advisor

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 WMGM-AM in New York City changes call letters to WHN
  • 1967 A West German court rules that impostor Anna Anderson failed to prove that she was missing Russian duchess Anastasia Romanov, ending a legal case that lasted almost 30 years
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Hauraki, on a boat floating off coast of NZ, returns to the air
  • 1969 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Rodnina & Ulanov of the Soviet Union
  • 1969 Ladies Figure Skating Champion in Colorado Springs won by Gabriele Seyfert of Great Britain
  • 1969 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Colorado Springs won by Tim Wood of USA

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1969 Terence O'Neill re-elected as leader of the Unionist Parliamentary Party and thus confirmed as Northern Ireland Prime Minister

Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill
Northern Ireland Prime Minister
Terence O'Neill
  • 1971 A British soldier dies in Derry after his vehicle had been attacked with petrol bombs (he died as a result of inhaling chemicals from fire extinguishers that were used to put out the fire)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 US President Richard Nixon ends historic week-long visit to China

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1972 The Asama-Sanso incident ends in Japan.

Birthdays in History

  • 1155 Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (d. 1183)
  • 1261 Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway (d. 1283)
  • 1409 Elisabeth II of Bohemia (d. 1442)
  • 1533 Michel de Montaigne, French philosopher and essayist (Essais), born in Château de Montaigne, Aquitaine, France (d. 1592)
  • 1552 Jost Bürgi [Jobst Bürg], Swiss clockmaker and mathematician, born in Lichtensteig, Switzerland (d. 1632)
  • 1573 Elias Hill, German architect, city builder (Augsburg)
  • 1612 John Pearson, English theologian (d. 1686)
  • 1663 Thomas Newcomen, English co-inventor of the atmospheric engine, born in Dartmouth, England (d. 1729)
  • 1670 Benjamin Wadsworth, American President of Harvard University (d. 1737)
  • 1675 Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (d. 1726)
  • 1683 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (d. 1757)
  • 1690 Aleksei P Romanov, Russian son of Tsar Peter the Great
  • 1704 Louis Godin, French astronomer (d. 1760)
  • 1712 Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, French military commander (d. 1759)
  • 1724 George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (d. 1807)
  • 1750 Ignacy Potocki, Polish foreign minister
  • 1764 Robert Haldane, Scottish theologist/philanthropist
  • 1771 French Jozef Kinsoen, Flemish portrait painter
  • 1786 François Arago, French astronomer, physicist and politician, born in Estagel, France (d. 1853)
  • 1792 Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer, Estonian German embryologist
  • 1797 Mary Lyon, American educator (Mt Holyoke) (Hall of Fame)
  • 1797 Frederick, prince of Netherlands, general and admiral (10 day campaign), born in Berlin (d. 1881)
  • 1810 Reinier C Bakhuizen van de Brink, Dutch historian
  • 1817 James Craig, American lawyer, politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Washington County, Pennsylvania (d. 1888)
  • 1820 John Tenniel, English cartoonist and illustrator (Punch, Alice in Wonderland), born in London, England (d. 1914)
  • 1822 Matthew Duncan Ector, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1823 Ernest Renan, French philosopher/historian/scholar of religion
  • 1824 Charles Blondin, French acrobat and tight rope walker, born in St. Omer (d. 1897)
  • 1824 John Creed Moore, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)
  • 1825 Quincy Adams Gillmore, American civil engineer, author, and Major General (Union Army), born in Lorain County, Ohio (d. 1888)
  • 1833 Alfred von Schlieffen, Count/Prussian general-fieldmarshal
  • 1838 Maurice Lévy, French engineer (d. 1910)
  • 1840 Henri Duveyrier, French explorer of the Sahara, born in Paris, France (d. 1892)
  • 1841 Adrien Albert Marie de Mun, French politician (d. 1914)
  • 1850 Hermann Schell, German theologist/philosopher (Gott und Geist)
  • 1851 Samuel W. McCall, American politician (Rep (R) 1893-1913), 47th Governor of Massachusetts (1916-19), born in East Providence Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1923)
  • 1858 Jacob P Vis, Dutch industrialist (founder NV Royal Salt Industries)
  • 1865 Arthur Symons, Welsh poet/critic/co-founder (Savoy)
  • 1865 Wilfred Grenfell, British medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador, born in Neston, England (d. 1940)
  • 1866 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1949)
  • 1878 Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (d. 1929)
  • 1882 Jose Vasconcelos, politician, essayist, philosopher, born in Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1959)
  • 1886 Jose Gutierrez Solana, Spanish painter and author (Madrid Escenas)
  • 1886 Max Vasmer, German slavic (La Tertulia de Pombo)
  • 1887 William Zorach, Lithuanian-American sculptor (Spirit of the Dance), born in Jurbarkas, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1896 Philip Showalter Hench, American physician (Nobel Prize 1950 for cortisone), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1965)
  • 1900 Laura Z. Hobson, American writer (Gentleman's Agreement), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1986)
  • 1900 Wolfram Hirth, German pilot (d. 1959)

Person of interestLinus Pauling

1901 Linus Pauling, American chemist and peace activist (Nobel 1954, 1962), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1994)

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling
  • 1901 Rudolf W. Nilsen, Norwegian poet (Hverdagen)
  • 1903 Vincente Minnelli, director (An American in Paris, Gigi), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1986)
  • 1905 Glyn Jones, Welsh, novelist, poet and literary historian, born in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales (d. 1995)

Person of interestBugsy Siegel

1906 Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel, American gangster who created casinos in Las Vegas, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1947)

Mobster Bugsy Siegel
Bugsy Siegel
  • 1907 Milton Caniff, American cartoonist 'Rembrandt of the Comic Strip' (Terry & Pirates), born in Hillsboro, Ohio (d. 1988)
  • 1908 Alexander Golitzen, American art director (d. 2005)
  • 1909 Stephen Spender, English poet and critic (Vienna, Edge of Darkness), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Amir Hamzah, Indonesian poet (Njanji Sunji)
  • 1912 Clara Petacci, Italian mistress of Benito Mussolini, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1945)
  • 1915 Peter Medawar, British biologist (1960 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance"), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1987)
  • 1920 Jim Olin, American politician (Rep-D-VA, 1983-93), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2006)
  • 1920 Marjorie Sweeting, English geomorphologist (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1921 Saul Zaentz, American record company executive (Fantasy), and film producer (One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest; Amadeus; The Unbearable Lightness Of Being; The English Patient), born in Passaic, New Jersey (d. 2014)
  • 1924 Robert A Roe, American politician (Rep-D-NJ, 1969-93), born in Wayne, New Jersey (d. 2014)
  • 1926 Svetlana Alliluyeva, Russian-born daughter of Joseph Stalin who later defected to the West and author (My Life), born in Moscow (d. 2011)
  • 1927 Bernard Frank, French writer and oriental scholar, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France (d. 2006)
  • 1927 John Swire, British aircraft magnate (Cathay Pacific)

Person of interestFrank Gehry

1929 Frank Gehry, Canadian born American architect (Bilbao Guggenheim Museum), born in Toronto, Canada

Architect Frank Gehry
Frank Gehry
  • 1929 John Montague, Irish poet and 1st occupant of the Ireland Chair of Poetry, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1930 Leon Cooper, American physicist who co-developed the BCS theory of superconductivity (Nobel 1972), born in the Bronx, New York
  • 1930 Bruce Dawe, Australian poet
  • 1931 Gustav Thoni, Italian skier (World Cup-1971, 72, 73, 75)
  • 1931 Jack Thieuloy, French writer, born in Beaucaire (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Iajuddin Ahmed, Bikrampur, British Raj, President (Bangladesh, 2002-2009), (d. 2012)
  • 1932 Brian Moore, British sports commentator (BBC Radio, London Weekend Television 'The Big Match'), born in Benenden, Kent, England (d. 2001)
  • 1933 Miro Steržaj, Slovenian 9-pin bowler
  • 1933 Rein Taagepera, Estonian politician
  • 1938 Martin Olav Sabo, (Rep-D-MN, 1979- )
  • 1941 Alice May Brock, American author
  • 1943 Hans Dijkstal, Dutch minister of the Interior (VVD, 1994-98)
  • 1946 Robin Cook, British politician (Labour Party MP, 1983-2005, born in Bellshill, Scotland (d. 2005)
  • 1947 Stephanie Beacham, England, (Devil's Widow, Schizo, Dallas, Colbys)
  • 1948 Willie Donnell Smith, American fashion designer (WilliWear), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1987)
  • 1948 Mike Figgis, English director

Person of interestPaul Krugman

1953 Paul Krugman, American economist and New York Times columnist (Nobel Prize in Economics 2008), born in Albany, New York

Economist Paul Krugman
Paul Krugman
  • 1957 Ainsley Harriott, British celebrity chef
  • 1959 Sydney P Mufamadi, South African leader (SACP)
  • 1970 Daniel Handler, American writer, better known as Lemony Snicket
  • 1971 Tristan Louis, American writer
  • 1977 Kehinde Wiley, American painter (portrait of Barack Obama), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1978 Louise Woodward, English nanny who killed eight-month-old Matthew Eappen in 1997, born in Elton, Cheshire
  • 1979 Michael Bisping, English mixed martial artist, born in Nicosia, Cyprus
  • 1985 Michael Fennelly [Micheál Ó Fionnalaigh], Irish hurler, born in Ballyhale, County Kilkenny
  • 2007 Princess Lalla Khadija of Morocco, born in Rabat, Morocco

Weddings in History

  • 1496 Joanna of Aragon marries King Ferdinand II
  • 1922 English Princess Mary marries Viscount Lascelles at Westminster Abbey

Deaths in History

  • 642 Oswald, English King of Northumbria and saint, dies in the Battle of Maserfield at about 38
  • 1261 Hendrik, duke of Brabant (1248-61), dies
  • 1326 Duke Leopold I of Austria (b. 1290)
  • 1453 Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine (b. 1400)
  • 1485 Niclas, Graf von Abensberg, German soldier (b. 1441)
  • 1510 Juan de la Cosa, Spanish cartographer and explorer

Person of interestCuauhtémoc

1525 Cuauhtémoc, the last Aztec Emperor (1520 - 1521), tortured and killed by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés

The Last Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc
The Last Aztec Emperor
  • 1572 Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian (b. 1505)
  • 1573 Jan "Hans" Liefrinck, Flemish engraver/publisher, dies at about 54
  • 1621 Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1590)
  • 1626 Cyril Tourneur, English poet/dramatist, dies at about 51
  • 1638 Claude Gaspard Bachet de Meziriac, French mathematician and poet, dies at 56
  • 1638 Henri duc de Rohan, French soldier and Huguenot leader, dies
  • 1648 Christian IV of Denmark, King of Denmark and Norway (1588-1648), dies at 70
  • 1665 Lodewijk van Nassau, Dutch governor (Bois-le-Duc), dies
  • 1742 Willem 's-Gravesande, Dutch mathematician and physicist, dies at 53
  • 1746 Hermann von der Hardt, German historian, dies at 85
  • 1781 Richard Stockton, American attorney and signer of Declaration of Independence, dies at 50
  • 1786 John Gwynn, English architect and engineer (b. 1713)
  • 1788 Thomas Cushing, American Continental Congressman (b. 1725)
  • 1818 Adriaan Loosjes Pzn, Dutch publisher and writer (Moral Stories), dies at 56
  • 1844 Abel P. Upshur, Secretary of State, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • 1844 Thommas W. Gilmer, Navy Secretary, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • 1857 André Dumont, Belgian geologist, dies at 48
  • 1882 John Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist, dies at 89
  • 1891 George Hearst, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from California), dies at 70
  • 1903 Girolamo de Rada, Albanian poet (Skanderbeku), dies at 88
  • 1905 Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist, dies at 85
  • 1913 Elephant seal, 6.8-m, 4000-kg, shot in Possession Bay, South Georgia
  • 1916 Henry James, American-British writer (Bostonians), dies at 72
  • 1925 Friedrich Ebert, German politician, President of Germany 1919-25), dies at 54
  • 1929 Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet, Austrian artist (React of P), dies at 54
  • 1930 C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator, dies at 40
  • 1932 Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (b. 1851)
  • 1935 Alexander Willem Frederik Idenburg, Dutch politician of the Anti Revolutionary Party and Governor-General of Dutch Indies (1909-16), dies at 73
  • 1936 Pedro Munoz Seca, La Caraba/La oca, dies at 55
  • 1936 Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine 1928), dies at 69
  • 1940 Johan Braakensiek, Dutch political cartoonist (Green Amsterdammer), dies at 81
  • 1941 Alfonso XIII, King of Spain (1886-1931), dies of a heart attack at 54
  • 1951 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, dies at 50
  • 1956 Emile Buisson, French murderer executed (b. 1902)

Person of interestMaxwell Anderson

1959 Maxwell Anderson, American dramatist (Key Largo, Bath Seed), dies of a stroke at 70

Playwright and Dramatist Maxwell Anderson
Playwright and Dramatist
Maxwell Anderson
  • 1960 F S Flint [Frank Stuart Flint], British translator and imagist movement poet (In the Net of the Stars), dies at 74
  • 1963 Rajendra Prasad, Indian leader and 1st President of India (1950-62), dies at 78
  • 1964 Dirk Filarski, Dutch painter and lithographer (Bergen School), dies at 78se
  • 1965 Adolf Scharf, president of Austria (1957-65), dies at 74
  • 1966 Charles A Bassett II, astronaut, dies at 34, in a crash of T-38 jet
  • 1966 Elliot McKay See Jr., American engineer and NASA astronaut, dies at 38 in T-38 jet crash
  • 1967 Henry Luce, American magazine publisher (Time, Fortune, Life), dies at 68
  • 1974 Mees Toxopeus, Dutch rescue-vessel captain, dies at 89
  • 1978 Eric Frank Russell, sci-fi author (Hugo, Deep Space), dies at 73
  • 1979 Mr Ed, talking horse, dies
  • 1979 Paul Alverdes, German writer (Pfeiferstube), dies at 81
  • 1986 Olof Palme, Swedish Prime Minister (1969-76, 1982-86), assassinated at 59 while walking home from the cinema with his wife
  • 1988 Mikha`il Na'imah, Lebanese playwright, dies at 99
  • 1989 Hermann Burger, Swiss poet and writer, dies at 46
  • 1991 Guillermo Ungo, member of El Salvador junta (1979-80), dies
  • 1991 Wassily Hoeffding, American statistician (b. 1914)
  • 1992 Emilla Sherman, choreographer/rockette, dies
  • 1993 Fer A Olthoff, Dutch WW II resistance fighter (Het Parool), dies
  • 1993 Franco Brusati, Italian dir/writer (Bread & Chocolate), dies at 70
  • 1994 Aisin Giorro Pu Chieh, brother of Last Emperor of China, dies at 86
  • 1994 Buster Holmes, American chef and New Orleans restaurateur, dies at 88
  • 1994 G. O. Sayles, English historian, dies at 92
  • 1994 Leopoldina Poldi Feichtegger Gerhard, dies at 90
  • 1994 Pu Yi, brother of last Chinese emperor, Pu Yi, dies at 87
  • 1996 Daniel Chipenda, Angolan politician and field commander, dies at 64
  • 1998 Arkady Shevchenko, Soviet diplomat (b. 1930)
  • 1999 Christine Glanville, British Puppeteer (. 1924)
  • 2003 Fidel Sánchez Hernández, President of El Salvador (b. 1917)
  • 2003 Roger Michael Needham, British cryptographer (b. 1935)
  • 2003 Rudolf Kingslake, Lens designer, and Engineer (b. 1903)
  • 2004 Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer, and Librarian of Congress (b. 1914)
  • 2004 Carmen Laforet, Spanish author, dies at 82
  • 2004 Andres Nuiamäe, Estonian soldier (b. 1982)
  • 2006 Owen Chamberlain, American physicist (antiproton, Nobel-1959), dies at 85
  • 2007 John Smith, English landowner, financier and Philanthropist (National Trust, Landmark Trust), dies at 83 [1]
  • 2007 Charles Forte, Italian-British hotel magnate (Savoy), dies at 98
  • 2007 Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. American historian (1946 Pulitzer-Age of Jackson), dies at 89

Person of interestPaul Harvey

2009 Paul Harvey, American news commentator and radio broadcaster (Rest of the story), dies at 90

ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey
ABC Radio Broadcaster
Paul Harvey
  • 2011 Peter Gomes, Harvard University Chaplain (b. 1942)
  • 2013 Bruce Reynolds, English criminal, dies at 81
  • 2013 Donald A. Glaser, American physicist (Nobel 1960), dies at 86
  • 2014 Rostislav Belyakov, Russian chief designer of the MiG fighter jet, dies at 94
  • 2014 Hugo Brandt Corstius, Dutch essayist and mathematician, dies at 78
  • 2015 Yaşar Kemal, Turkish writer (Memed, My Hawk), dies at 91
  • 2017 Nicholas Mosley, British novelist, biographer and son of Oswald Mosley, dies at 93
  • 2018 Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader (69th Shankaracharya Guru), dies at 82
  • 2020 Freeman Dyson, American physicist (known for his work in quantum electrodynamics, solid-state physics, astronomy and nuclear engineering), dies at 96