On This Day

On This Day in History for February 7

Events in History

  • 457 Leo I crowned Eastern Roman Emperor, 1st to be crowned by the Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1074 Battle of Montesarchio: Prince of Benevento, Pandulf IV killed battling the encroaching Normans in southern Italy
  • 1238 The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1301 Edward of Caernarion (later Edward II) becomes first (English) Prince of Wales

King of England Edward II
King of England
Edward II
  • 1522 Treaty of Brussels: Habsburgers split into Spanish and Austrian Branches

BeatificationPapal Inauguration

1550 Giovanni Maria del Monte elected Pope Julius III

Counter-Reformation Pope Julius III
Counter-Reformation Pope
Julius III
  • 1569 King Philip II forms Inquisition in South America
  • 1613 Michail Romanov (aged 16) becomes Tsar of Russia
  • 1639 Academie Française begins Dictionary of French Language

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1653 Nicolas Fouquet appointed France's Superintendent of Finances

Statesman and Superintendent of Finances Nicolas Fouquet
Statesman and Superintendent of Finances
Nicolas Fouquet

Battle of InterestGreat Siege of Gibraltar

1783 Great Siege of Gibraltar launched by France and Spain against the British colony during American War of Independence is lifted after 3 years and 7 months

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Detailed view of combat during the siege
Detailed view of combat during the siege
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  • 1792 Austria & Prussia sign anti-French covenant
  • 1795 11th Amendment to US Constitution ratified, affirms power of states
  • 1795 Dutch Prince William V accepts British occupation of Dutch Indies
  • 1812 8.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 Poet Lord Byron (6th Baron Byron) makes his maiden speech in House of Lords

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • 1817 Baltimore becomes the 1st American city lit by gas street lamps with the first turned on at Market and Lemon Streets (currently Baltimore and Holliday Streets)
  • 1818 1st successful US educational magazine "Academician" begins (NYC)
  • 1827 Ballet (Deserter) introduced to US at Bowery Theater (NYC)
  • 1831 Belgium adopts its Constitution

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1836 "Sketches by Boz" (essays) published by Charles Dickens

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1839 Henry Clay declares in Senate "I had rather be right than president"

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • 1842 Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien

2,000-year-old Glass Treasure Shattered by a Drunk2,000-year-old Glass Treasure Shattered by a Drunk

1845 The Portland Vase, thought to date to the 1st century BC is shattered into more than 80 pieces by a drunken visitor to the British Museum

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The priceless Portland Vase, restored and back on display in the British Museum
The priceless Portland Vase, restored and back on display in the British Museum
Read Article
  • 1856 Colonial Tasmanian Parliament passes the 1st piece of legislation (the Electoral Act of 1856) anywhere in the world providing for elections by way of a secret ballot
  • 1857 French writer Gustave Flaubert is acquitted on a charge of obscenity for his work "Madame Bovary"
  • 1862 Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island NC
  • 1863 HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189
  • 1864 Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1872 Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College opens
  • 1876 US President Grant's private secretary Orville acquitted in Whiskey Ring
  • 1877 1st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC)
  • 1881 Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces
  • 1883 Lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako, Niger
  • 1889 Astronomical Society of Pacific holds 1st meeting in San Francisco
  • 1894 The Cripple Creek miners' strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado
  • 1900 British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal
  • 1904 Baltimore catches fire (1500 buildings destroyed in 80 blocks)
  • 1905 Dominican Republic signs treaty turning over customs collection to US
  • 1907 The Mud March, first large procession organized by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS)
  • 1907 Conservative coalition take over Reichstag in Germany after rallying conservatives against the threat of a socialist government
  • 1910 Edmond Rostand's "Chantecler" premieres in Paris
  • 1912 2nd Dutch 11 city skate (Coen de Koenig wins (11:40)
  • 1914 Steel work completed on Exposition (Civic) Auditorium, San Francisco
  • 1915 1st wireless message sent from a moving train to a station received
  • 1915 Second Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army
  • 1920 Admiral Kolchak surrenders to Bolshevik troops and is executed
  • 1922 John Willard's "Cat & the Canary" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Benito Mussolini's Italian government exchanges diplomats with USSR

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1928 1st solo flight from England to Australia takes off from Croydon, piloted by Australian aviator Bert Hinkler (arrives 15 ½ days later)
  • 1933 Colonial troops in Suriname kill 2 demonstrators
  • 1933 Social-Dem meeting in Berlin "As thousands cheer" Marxism is dead
  • 1934 1st contract for TVA power, Tupelo, Miss
  • 1936 A flag is authorized for US Vice President
  • 1943 Shoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942)
  • 1944 Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio, Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1945 Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court
  • 1945 US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
  • 1945 London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
  • 1946 Filibuster in US Senate kills FEPC (Fair Employment Practices Committee) bill
  • 1947 The UK announces its intention to end the Mandate for Palestine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Omar Bradley succeeds Dwight Eisenhower as US Army Chief of Staff

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1950 Georges Bidault forms French government
  • 1950 Senator Joe McCarthy finds "communists" in US Department of State (equiv. Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 United States formally recognizes the State of Vietnam as the legitimate government of Vietnam, with Bảo Đại as leader

Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
Emperor of Vietnam
Bảo Đại
  • 1958 1st showing of Dutch auto-transmission car, the DAF 600

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Fidel Castro proclaims new Cuban constitution

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1959 Cessna lands in Las Vegas after 65 d without landing (refuels in air)
  • 1960 Old handwriting found in at Qumran, near the Dead Sea
  • 1962 Gas explosion in Luisanthal coal mine Voelklingen Germany kills 298

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 US President JFK begins blockade of Cuba by banning all Cuban imports and exports.

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1964 Baskin-Robbins introduces Beatle Nut ice cream
  • 1965 Operations begin at Grupo Folklorico Antiyano on Curacao
  • 1965 US begins regular bombing & strafing of N Vietnam
  • 1967 A fire at a restaurant in Montgomery, Alabama kills 25 people.

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1968 Arthur Miller's play "Price" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller
  • 1968 Belgium government of Vanden Boeynants falls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Al-Fatah-leader Yasser Arafat becomes president of PLO

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 1969 The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is removed from service
  • 1970 LSU's "Pistol" Pete Marovich scores 69 pts in losing cause
  • 1970 US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
  • 1970 US male Figure Skating championship won by Tim Wood
  • 1971 Switzerland votes for national women's suffrage in a referendum
  • 1973 US Senate creates Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities
  • 1973 North Ireland's United Loyalist Council hold a one-day strike, loyalist paramilitaries forcibly try to stop people going to work
  • 1974 Grenada gains independence from Britain (National Day)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1974 UK Prime Minister Edward Heath calls for a 'snap' general election in the midst of a protracted miners' strike

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
  • 1974 The Symbionese Liberation Army claim responsibility for the kidnapping of Patty Hearst, daughter of Randolph Hearst
  • 1976 FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WCPR (Brooklyn New York)
  • 1976 World's largest telescope (600 cm) begins operation (USSR)
  • 1977 Soyuz 24 launches with 2 cosmonauts
  • 1978 Ethiopian offensive in Ogaden desert
  • 1979 Colonel Benjedid Chadli succeeds president Boumedienne in Algeria
  • 1979 Faoud Bacchus scores 250 for WI v India at Kanpur
  • 1982 Luis A Monge elected President of Costa Rica
  • 1983 1st female secretary of transportation sworn-in (Elizabeth Dole)
  • 1984 American astronaut Bruce McCandless makes 1st untethered space walk
  • 1984 David (born without immunity system) touches his mother for 1st time at age 12
  • 1985 Marshall U's Bruce Morris scores a basket from 92'5"

Birthdays in History

  • 574 Prince Shōtoku, Japanese regent and politician who promoted Buddhism (Hōryū-ji temple) (d. 622)
  • 1102 Empress Matilda, Princess of England and wife of Henry V of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1169)
  • 1478 Sir Thomas More, English statesman, humanist, and author (d. 1535)
  • 1556 Maria van Nassau, Dutch countess of Buren
  • 1589 Jacob de Witt, Dutch mayor (Dordrecht)/mathematician

Person of interestMaria Louise van Hessen-Kassel

1688 Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel [Marijke Meu], Princess of Orange and ancestor of all currently reigning monarchs in Europe, born in Kassel (d. 1765)

Princess of Orange Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel
Princess of Orange
Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel
  • 1693 Anna Ivanova Romanova, Empress of Russia (1730-40) [NS]
  • 1700 Philippe Buache, French geographer/cartographer (Contourlijnen)
  • 1740 Adam-Philippe Custine, French earl/general/MP
  • 1753 Rhijnvis Feith, Dutch mayor/writer (Zwolle/Thirsa)
  • 1801 John Rylands, England, merchant/philanthropist

Person of interestJohn Deere

1804 John Deere, American blacksmith and manufacturer (founded Deere & Company), born in Rutland, Vermont (d. 1886)

Deere & Company Founder John Deere
Deere & Company Founder
John Deere
  • 1809 Frederik Paludan-Muller, Danish Romantic poet (Danserinden)

Person of interestCharles Dickens

1812 Charles Dickens, English writer ("Oliver Twist"; "A Tale of Two Cities"; "A Christmas Carol"), born in Portsmouth, Hampshire (d. 1870)

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • 1814 Gardner Quincy Colton, American lecturer who was the first to use nitrous oxide as an anesthetic in dentistry, born in Georgia, Vermont
  • 1817 LeRoy Pope Walker, American lawyer and 1st Confederate States Secretary of War (1861), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1884)
  • 1824 William Higgins, discoverer (nature of spiral nebulae)
  • 1833 Ricardo Palma, Peru, writer/poet (Tradiciones Peruanas)
  • 1837 James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (Oxford English Dictionary), born in Denholm, Scotland (d. 1915)
  • 1839 Nicolaas G Pierson, Dutch banker/Suriname premier (1897-1901)
  • 1842 Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (d. 1923)
  • 1862 Bernard Maybeck, US architect (Palace of Fine Arts, San Francisco)
  • 1866 Raf[ael] Verhulst [Koen Ravestein], Flemish writer (Jesus of Nazarus)
  • 1867 Laura Ingalls Wilder, American author (Little House on Prairie), born in Pepin, Wisconsin (d. 1957)
  • 1869 Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Jan Cimbura)
  • 1870 Alfred Adler, Austrian psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex)
  • 1872 Nikolaos "Sokrates" Politis, Greek lawyer/diplomat/foreign minister
  • 1877 G. H. Hardy, English mathematician (Hardy–Weinberg principle, A Mathematician's Apology), born in Cranleigh, England (d. 1947)
  • 1877 Julius Curtius, German minister of Foreign affairs (1929-..)
  • 1883 Paul de Backer, Belgian radiologist
  • 1885 [Harry] Sinclair Lewis, American writer and social critic (Nobel Prize in Literature 1930), born in Sauk Centre, Minnesota (d. 1951)
  • 1889 Harry Nyquist, important contributor to information theory (d. 1976)
  • 1896 Harold Hoffman, (Gov-NJ), born in South Amboy, New Jersey
  • 1896 Jacob Paludan, Danish pharmacist/writer (Jorgen Stein)
  • 1899 Arvid Pelshe, Latvian Communist leader, CPSU Politburo member
  • 1901 Bob den Doolaard [Cornelis Spoelstra], Dutch writer (Grape Pickers)
  • 1905 Paul Nizan, French journalist/writer (L'Humanité, La Conspiration)
  • 1905 Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist famous for his work on neurotransmitters (Nobel 1970), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1983)
  • 1906 Henry P'u-i, last emperor of China, puppet emperor of Manchukuo
  • 1906 Oleg Antonov, Soviet aircraft designer (d. 1984)
  • 1907 Arthur George Bottomley, politician
  • 1907 Yevgeniy Abalakov, Soviet mountaineer (d. 1948)
  • 1909 Hélder Câmara, Roman catholic archbishop (d. 1999)
  • 1912 Russell Drysdale, Australian Artist {d. 1981}
  • 1914 David Ignatow, American poet (Tread the Dark, Rescue the Dead)
  • 1914 Jacques Mornard [Ramon Mercader], murderer (Trotsky)
  • 1918 Markey Robinson, Northern Irish painter (d. 1999)
  • 1920 An Wang, Chinese-American computer engineer (Wang Labs, Wang Computers), born in Shanghai, China (d. 1990)
  • 1921 Bryan Woods, soldier/clerk
  • 1923 Martha Holmes, American photographer (d. 2006)
  • 1924 Cathy Long, (Rep-D-LA, 1985-86)
  • 1925 Arthur Berry, English artist and playwright, born in Smallthorne, Stoke-on-Trent (d. 1994)
  • 1925 Herbert Eisenreich, Austrian writer, born in Linz (d. 1986)
  • 1926 Konstantin Petrovich Feokistov, USSR, cosmonaut (Voskhod I)
  • 1926 Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistov, Soviet cosmonaut (Voskhod 1 - 1st to carry three members), born in Voronezh, Russia (d. 2009)
  • 1932 Alfred M. Worden, American Colonel USAF, NASA astronaut (Apollo 15), born in Jackson, Michigan (d. 2020)
  • 1932 Gay Talese, author (Honor Thy Father)
  • 1934 Piet Bukman, Dutch minister for Development Aid (CDA)
  • 1934 Eddie Fenech Adami, President of Malta
  • 1935 Herb Kohl, (Sen-D Wisconsin)
  • 1938 S. Ramachandran Pillai, Indian communist leader
  • 1941 Peter Foxhall, Australian evangelist
  • 1942 Ton de Kok, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • 1944 Berend baron van Voorst tot Voorst, Dutch foreign state sect (CDA)
  • 1944 Michael A Andrews, (Rep-D-TX, 1983- )
  • 1945 Ian Jack, Scottish journalist
  • 1946 Lawrence Ascott, rocker (Isotope)
  • 1946 Sammy Johns, rocker (Politics, Religion & Her), (d. 2013)
  • 1947 Joe Shea, American journalist
  • 1954 Brian Morton, Scottish writer
  • 1955 Mario Coutinho, Brazilian physician
  • 1958 Matt Ridley, British science writer
  • 1960 Steve Bronski, rock synthesizer (Bronski Beat-Smalltown Boy)
  • 1963 Heidemarie M Stefanyshyn-Piper, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • 1974 Emma McLaughlin, American novelist
  • 1977 Mariusz Pudzianowski, Polish strongman competitor
  • 1978 David Aebischer, National Hockey League goaltender
  • 1986 Michael Orozco, American footballer

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1901 Queen Wilhelmina marries Prince Heinrich von Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

LoveWedding of Interest

1931 American aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart (33) weds publisher George Palmer Putnam (43) in Noank, Connecticut

Deaths in History

  • 590 Pelagius II, Gothic Pope (579-90), dies from plague
  • 999 Boleslaus II of Bohemia
  • 1045 Emperor Go-Suzaku, 69th Emperor of Japan (1036-45), dies at 37
  • 1317 Robert, Count of Clermont, French founder of the House of Bourbon (b. 1256)
  • 1560 Bartolomeo Bandinelli, Italian sculptor (b. 1493)
  • 1593 Jacques Amyot, French humanist, translator and Abbot of Bellozanne, dies at 79
  • 1609 Ferdinand I, cardinal/ruler of Toscane, dies
  • 1626 William V, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1548)
  • 1642 William Bedell, English clergyman (b. 1571)
  • 1690 William Morice, English royalist statesman
  • 1693 Paul Pellisson, French writer, dies at 68
  • 1736 Stephen Gray, English astronomer and scientist (b. 1666)
  • 1799 Qianlong, Emperor of China, 6th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, dies at 87
  • 1801 Daniel Chodowiecki, Polish painter (b. 1726)
  • 1823 Ann Radcliffe, English Gothic novelist (The Mysteries of Udolpho, The Romance of the Forest), dies at 58
  • 1837 Gustav IV Adolf, King of Sweden (1792-1809), dies at 58
  • 1839 Karl August Nicander, Swedish poet (b. 1799)
  • 1857 Félix de Merode, Earl of Merode, Belgian minister of War and Finance, dies at 65
  • 1865 John Henry Winder, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army) and provost marshal, dies at 64
  • 1873 Sheridan Le Fanu, Irish writer (The House by the Churchyard), dies at 58
  • 1878 Pius IX, "Pio Nono" [Giovanni Ferretti], Pope (1846-78), dies at 85
  • 1881 Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic, dies at 73
  • 1897 Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist and electrical engineer, dies at 49
  • 1919 William Halford, American naval officer and Medal of Honor recipient who survived 31 days at sea in a small boat to seek help for the shipwrecked USS Saginaw, dies at 77
  • 1920 Alexander Koltsjak, adm/leader Russian counter-revolutionary, executed
  • 1920 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander, dies at 45
  • 1933 Albert Apponyi, Hungarian politician (Minister of Religion and Education of Hungary), dies at 86
  • 1937 Elihu Root, US min of War/Foreign affairs (Nobel 1912), dies at 91

Person of interestHarvey Firestone

1938 Harvey Firestone, American manufacturer and founder of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, dies at 69

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • 1939 Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (b. 1886)
  • 1942 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, dies at 65
  • 1958 Betty MacDonald [nee Bard], American humor writer (The Egg and I), dies of cancer at 50
  • 1959 Daniel François Malan, Prime Minister of South Africa (1948-54) who began the implementation of apartheid, dies at 84
  • 1960 Igor V Kurtshatov, Russian nuclear physicist, dies at 57
  • 1962 Clara Nordström, German writer and translator (b. 1886)
  • 1964 Hermann A J Kees, German egyptologist, dies at 77
  • 1967 Henry Morgenthau Jr., US Secretary of Treasury (1934-45) who helped design the New Deal and Lend Lease programs, dies at 74
  • 1977 Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer, dies at 82
  • 1979 Josef Mengele, concentration camp doctor, drowns
  • 1980 Secondo Campini, Italian jet engine pioneer, dies at 75
  • 1985 Albert Dondeyne, Belgian philosopher/theologist, dies at 83
  • 1986 Cheikh Anta Diop, Senegalese historian (b. 1923)
  • 1988 Lin[wood V] Carter, American sci-fi writer (Lost World of Time), dies at 57
  • 1990 Dom Heider Camara, nonviolent/human rights Bishop of Brazil, dies
  • 1990 Nathan Wartels, publisher (Crown), dies at 88 of pneumonia
  • 1990 Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (b. 1905)
  • 1991 Gladys LaVerne, dies of heart problems at 87
  • 1991 Amos Yarkoni, legendary Israeli soldier (b. 1920)
  • 1991 Jean-Paul Mousseau, Quebec painter, member of Les Automatistes (b. 1927)
  • 1991 John Steinbeck IV, American author and journalist
  • 1992 Jeanne Gerson, dies of cancer & pneumonia at 87
  • 1993 W Sybout A Colenbrander, Dutch historian/journalist, dies at 82
  • 1994 Maarten Vrolijk, Dutch soc-dem minister (CRM 1965-66), dies at 74
  • 1994 Richard Bissell, US under director of CIA (Pig's Bay), dies at 84
  • 1995 Helen Wallis, cartographer/Librarian, dies at 70
  • 1995 Massimo Pallottino, Italian archaeologist (Etruscologia), dies at 86
  • 1996 George Trevelyan, British educational pioneer and a founding father of the New Age movement, dies at 89
  • 1996 Lydia Korneevna Chukovskaya, writer, dies at 88
  • 1996 Phillip Davidson, US Army general (b. 1915)
  • 1998 Lawrence Sanders, American author (b. 1920)
  • 1999 King Hussein of Jordan (b. 1935)
  • 1999 José Silva, author of Silva Method and the Silva UltraMind ESP System (b. 1914)
  • 1999 Hussein ibn Talal, King of Jordan (1952-99), dies at 63
  • 2000 Doug Henning, Canadian magician, dies at 52
  • 2003 Augusto Monterroso, Guatemalan author (b. 1921)
  • 2003 John Reading, Mayor of Oakland, California (b. 1917)
  • 2006 Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (b. 1914)
  • 2012 Patricia Stephens Due, African-American civil rights activist (FAMU jail-in), dies from Alzheimer's disease at 72
  • 2012 Florence Holway, American rape victim and activist, dies at 96
  • 2015 Robert Gavron, Baron Gavron, English publisher and multi-millionaire (St Ives Group), dies of a heart attack at 84
  • 2015 Joseph M. Gaydos, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), dies at 88
  • 2019 John Dingell, American politician (D-Michigan, 1955-2015), dies at 92
  • 2020 Li Wenliang, Chinese doctor who tried to raise the alarm over COVID-19, dies of COVID-19 in Wuhan at 34