On This Day

On This Day in History for January 1

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 383

  • 153 BC Roman consuls begin their year in office
  • 45 BC The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time
  • 1 Origin of the Christian Era
  • 69 Roman garrison of Mainz uprising
  • 89 Governor Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome

RomanRoman Empire

104 Triumphal procession for the Roman General Gaius Marius with the defeated Numidian King Jugurtha led in chains though Rome

Roman General and Consul Gaius Marius
Roman General and Consul
Gaius Marius

Event of interestEvent of Interest

177 Commodus, son of Emperor Marcus Aurelius becomes consul for the first time - at 15 then youngest ever in Roman history

Roman Emperor Commodus
Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Roman Emperor
Marcus Aurelius
  • 313 Start of Roman (Pontifical) Indiction
  • 404 Last gladiator competition in Rome
  • 630 Prophet Muhammad sets out with an army 10,000 strong to conquer Mecca
  • 722 Hofmeier Charles Martel flees from bishop Willibrord
  • 990 Russia adopts Julian calendar
  • 1259 Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris
  • 1430 Jews of Sicily are no longer required to attend conversionist services
  • 1438 Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes King of Hungary
  • 1494 Juw Dekama elected potentate of Frisia
  • 1502 Portuguese navigators discover Rio de Janeiro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1504 French King Louis XII loses last bulwark in Naples, Caeta

King of France Louis XII
King of France
Louis XII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1515 Francis, Duke of Angouleme succeeds King Louis XII as Francis I of France

King Francis I of France
Francis I of France
King of France Louis XII
King of France
Louis XII
  • 1515 Jews are expelled from Laibach in Austria
  • 1527 Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin
  • 1573 Geuzen sets fire to Woudrichem

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1583 1st day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland & Flanders

Read Article
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Read Article
  • 1600 Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March.
  • 1622 Papal Chancery adopts Jan 1 as beginning of the year (was Mar 25)

CrownRoyal Coronation

1651 Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1660 1st entry in English civil servant Samuel Pepys' diary

Diarist Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
  • 1660 General Moncks army battles with the Tweed on way to London
  • 1660 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies York
  • 1660 Academia de Bellas Artes is founded in Seville with painter Bartolomé Esteban Murillo its first president

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1672 Jean Racine's "Bajazet," premieres in Paris

Dramatist and Playwright Jean Racine
Dramatist and Playwright
Jean Racine
  • 1673 Regular mail delivery begins between NY & Boston
  • 1675 Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth
  • 1689 Pro-James II-earl of Danby occupies York
  • 1700 Protestant Western Europe (except England) begins using the Gregorian calendar
  • 1700 Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire
  • 1707 John V succeeds his father Pedro II as King of Portugal
  • 1710 Paris merchant Jean Marius obtains 5-year royal privilege for his invention of a folding umbrella - first in Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1724 Glassblower Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit proposes system for making thermometers and the Fahrenheit temperature scale in a paper to the Royal Society of London and is elected a fellow on its basis

Inventor and Physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Inventor and Physicist
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
  • 1739 J B C Bouvet de Lozier discovers Bouvet Island, near Antarctica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1758 The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature establish the "starting point" for standardized species names across the animal kingdom, based on the binomial nomenclature by Carolus Linnaeus 10th edition of Systema Naturae

Taxonomist, Botanist, Physician and Zoologist Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomist, Botanist, Physician and Zoologist
Carolus Linnaeus
  • 1772 First traveler's cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 General George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1781 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; Regiment) Mutiny of 1781.

Military Leader Anthony Wayne
Military Leader
Anthony Wayne
  • 1785 "Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue
  • 1788 London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times
  • 1788 Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves
  • 1797 Albany replaces New York City as capital of New York
  • 1798 Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
  • 1800 Dutch East Indies Company dissolves

Victory in BattleUnited Kingdom Forms

1801 The Irish Parliament votes to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

Learn More
The Union Jack, national flag of the United Kingdom
The Union Jack, national flag of the United Kingdom
Learn More
  • 1801 The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Italian monk Giuseppe Piazzi
  • 1803 Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
  • 1804 Haiti gains independence from France (National Day), making it the only state ever founded by former slaves and without slavery
  • 1807 Curacao is taken by English (until March, 1816)
  • 1808 African Benevolent Society (education) forms
  • 1808 Congress prohibits importation of slaves
  • 1808 Sierra Leone becomes a British colony
  • 1809 Holland Brigade under Brigadier-General David Hendrik Chassé reaches Madrid (Napoleonic Wars)
  • 1814 Field marshal Blucher's troops cross the Rhine at Kaub
  • 1818 Official reopening of the White House

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1818 Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus" is published anonymously by the small London publishing house of Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones

Frankenstein Author Mary Shelley
Frankenstein Author
Mary Shelley
  • 1826 Baron Van der Capellen resigns as governor of Dutch-Indies
  • 1827 Dutch Trade Company NHM gets opium monopoly on Java

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1831 William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal, "The Liberator"; publication continued until the 13th Amendment abolished slavery in 1865

Abolitionist and Social Reformer William Lloyd Garrison
Abolitionist and Social Reformer
William Lloyd Garrison
  • 1833 British government demands Falkland islands
  • 1833 Curacao census: 2,602 whites, 6,531 free people, 5,894 slaves
  • 1834 German Tolunie goes into effect
  • 1840 1st recorded bowling match in US, Knickerbocker Alleys, NYC
  • 1842 1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC
  • 1844 1st edition of New Rotterdam's Daily (3x per week)
  • 1845 The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed
  • 1846 Yucatan declares independence from Mexico
  • 1847 Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment
  • 1847 Neth's Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing
  • 1848 Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
  • 1851 City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
  • 1852 1st US public bath opens in New York City
  • 1852 National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds
  • 1852 Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps
  • 1853 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service
  • 1854 Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (Oxford, Pennsylvania)
  • 1858 Canada begins using decimal currency system
  • 1860 Slavery ends of in Neth Indies
  • 1861 Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City
  • 1862 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)
  • 1863 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebraska
  • 1863 Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city

USAEmancipation Proclamation

1863 Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln to free slaves in US confederate states

Learn More
The first and last page of the Emancipation Proclamation signed by President Abraham Lincoln
The first and last page of the Emancipation Proclamation signed by President Abraham Lincoln
Learn More
  • 1865 -Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 War of the Triple Alliance: Paraguay's capital Asunción falls to Brazilian forces led by General João de Souza da Fonseca Costa

President of Paraguay Francisco Solano López
President of Paraguay
Francisco Solano López
  • 1871 Belgium disbands salt tax
  • 1872 Moerdijk railway bridge over Hollands Diep, South Holland opens - then longest bridge in Europe
  • 1873 Origin of Japanese Era
  • 1874 New York City annexes the Bronx
  • 1876 The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1880 Building of Panama Canal begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Dr John Watson is first introduced to Sherlock Holmes in story written by Arthur Conan Doyle

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1881 Ambrose Bierce is appointed editor of "The Wasp" magazine

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce

Birthdays in History

  • 766 Ali al-Rida, Shia Imam (d. 818)
  • 1431 Alexander VI [Rodrigo Borgia], Spanish/Italian pope (1492-1503)
  • 1449 Lorenzo de 'Medici (The Magnificent), Florentine statesman (d. 1492)
  • 1467 Sigismund I, the old, king of Poland
  • 1484 Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant leader (d. 1531)
  • 1504 Caspar Cruciger, German church reformer
  • 1511 Henry, Duke of Cornwall (d. 1511)
  • 1516 Margaret Leijonhufvud, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1551)
  • 1520 Franciscus Balduinus [Francois Baudouin], lawyer
  • 1557 István Bocskay, Prince of Transylvania (d. 1606)
  • 1600 Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (d. 1649)
  • 1614 John Wilkins, English Bishop of Chester (d. 1672)
  • 1618 Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spanish Baroque artist (The Vision of St. Anthony), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1682) [baptizism date]
  • 1622 Isaac Sweers, Dutch Admiral/general/Civil rights activist
  • 1638 Antoinette du Ligier de la Guard Deshoulieres, French poet/playwright
  • 1638 Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
  • 1648 Elkanah Settle, English writer (d. 1724)
  • 1655 Christian Thomasius, German jurist (d. 1728)
  • 1684 Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (d. 1748)
  • 1704 Soame Jenyns, English writer (d. 1787)
  • 1711 Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749)
  • 1714 Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lutheran pastor, Lithuanian poet (The Seas)
  • 1729 Edmund Burke, British statesman, philosopher and author (A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, Reflections on the Revolution in France), born in Dublin, Ireland [NS=Jan 12]
  • 1734 John F E Acton, cruel premier of Naples

Person of interestPaul Revere

1735 Paul Revere, American silversmith and patriot who alerted the colonial militia to the approach of British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1818)

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere

Person of interestAnthony Wayne

1745 Anthony Wayne, American Military Leader (Legion of the United States), born in Easttown Township, Province of Pennsylvania (d. 1796)

Military Leader Anthony Wayne
Military Leader
Anthony Wayne
  • 1750 Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (d. 1801)

Person of interestBetsy Ross

1752 Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], American seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1836)

Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag
Betsy Ross
  • 1764 John Kinker, Dutch linguist/philosopher/poet (Minderjarige Zangster)
  • 1767 Maria Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish novelist (d. 1849)
  • 1771 Georges Cadoudal, Breton politician and royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon, born in Brech, Brittany, Kingdom of France (d. 1804)
  • 1774 André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (d. 1860)
  • 1779 William Clowes, English printer (d. 1847)
  • 1792 Henrik Anker Bjerregaard, Norwegian writer and poet (Fjeldeventyret), born in Ringsaker, Norway (d. 1842)
  • 1809 John Pieter Heije, Dutch physician/writer/poet (Silver Fleet)
  • 1814 Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (d. 1864)
  • 1815 Charles Renouvier, French philosopher, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1903)
  • 1819 Arthur Hugh Clough, English poet, friend of Matthew Arnold, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1861)
  • 1819 George Foster Shepley, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Saco, Maine (d. 1878)
  • 1823 Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet (A virágnak megtiltani nem lehet - You Cannot Forbid the Flower), and revolutionary, born Kiskőrös, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1849)
  • 1827 William Lewis "Old Tige" Cabell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1833 Robert Lawson, New Zealand architect (d. 1902)
  • 1834 Ludovic Halévy, French playwright (d. 1908)
  • 1838 William Hugh Young, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1846 Nikola Pasic, Serbian nationalist/premier (1891..1926)
  • 1848 John Goff, Irish lawyer (d. 1924)
  • 1852 Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1854 James Frazer, Britain, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
  • 1863 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)

Person of interestAlfred Stieglitz

1864 Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer/art dealer (Camera Work), born in Hoboken, New Jersey

Photographer Alfred Stieglitz
Alfred Stieglitz

Person of interestQi Baishi

1864 Qi Baishi, Chinese painter famous for whimsical and playful watercolor paintings, born in Xiangtan, China (d. 1957)

Painter Qi Baishi
Qi Baishi
  • 1867 Charles Edward Montague, English author/critic (Fiery Particles)
  • 1873 Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (The Flies, The Bosses)
  • 1874 Gustave Whitehead, German inventor (d. 1927)
  • 1874 Frank Knox, American politician (Republican VP candidate 1936), newspaper editor and Secretary of the Navy during World War II, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1944)
  • 1875 Charles Rist, French economist
  • 1876 Johan C Altorf, sculptor (October 3rd monument)
  • 1876 Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)
  • 1878 Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)

Person of interestE. M. Forster

1879 E. M. Forster, English writer and novelist (Howards End, Passage to India), born in Marylebone, Middlesex (d. 1970)

Writer and Novelist E. M. Forster
Writer and Novelist
E. M. Forster
  • 1879 Emile Argand, Swiss geologist (Dekbladen Theory)
  • 1879 Ernest Jones, British psychoanalyst (Life & Work of Sigmund Freud)
  • 1879 William Fox, US film pioneer (Nickelodeon)
  • 1881 Carry van Bridges [de Haan], Dutch author (Heleen, Eva)
  • 1881 Vajiravudh, King of Thailand (d. 1925)
  • 1882 Willem Carel Wendelaar, Dutch lawyer, civil servant, director, and politician (VVD)
  • 1883 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci)
  • 1883 Ichirō Hatoyama, Japanese politician, Prime Minister (1954-56), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1959)
  • 1887 Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral/head German military intelligence
  • 1888 John Garand, American inventor (d. 1974)
  • 1890 Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (d. 1966)

Person of interestManuel Roxas

1892 Manuel Roxas, 5th President of the Philippines (1946-48), born in Capiz, Philippines (d. 1948)

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • 1894 Shitsu Nakano, Japanese supercentenarian (d. 2007)
  • 1894 Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist (Bose–Einstein statistics), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1974)

Person of interestJ. Edgar Hoover

1895 J. Edgar Hoover, first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1924-72), born in Washington, D.C.

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1900 Hubert van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF Trucks), born in America, Dutch Limburg, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • 1900 Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
  • 1901 Christine Wttewaall van Stoetwegen, Dutch politician (CDD)
  • 1904 Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani politician (d. 1982)
  • 1905 Charles Melvin Price, East St. Louis, Illinois, a longtime member of the US House of Representatives
  • 1905 Stanisław Mazur, Lemberg, Western Ukraine, Polish mathematician (d. 1981)
  • 1909 Barry Goldwater, (Sen-R-Az, 1953-65, 69- )/Presidential candidate (R) 1964)
  • 1909 Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian nationalist leader (d. 1959)

Person of interestKim Philby

1912 Kim Philby, British spy and Soviet mole who was a member of the "Cambridge Five", born in Ambala, Punjab, India (d. 1988)

  • 1912 Victor Reuther, American labor leader, born in Wheeling, West Virginia
  • 1912 Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Eliot Janeway, financial writer (Economics of Chaos)
  • 1914 Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and British Special Operations Executive agent in WWII posthumously awarded the George Cross, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1915 Francois Bondy, writer
  • 1915 Lewis Bingham Keeble, town planner
  • 1917 Jule Gregory Charney, American meteorologist (d. 1981)
  • 1918 Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)

Person of interestJ. D. Salinger

1919 J[erome] D[avid] Salinger, American novelist (Catcher in the Rye), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)

Novelist J. D. Salinger
J. D. Salinger
  • 1920 Roger Peacock, English writer (Thursday is Missing), born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian philosopher, born in Jaffa, British-mandate Palestine (d. 1986)
  • 1921 César Baldaccini, French sculptor, born in Marseille, France (d. 1998)
  • 1922 Ernest "Fritz" Hollings, American Democratic Senator from South Carolina (1966-2005), born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1923 Chalmers Goodlin, US test pilot (XS-1)
  • 1923 Daniel Gorenstein, American mathematician (d. 1992)
  • 1927 Yuri Grigorovich, Leningrad, choreographer

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

49 Roman Emperor Claudius marries his fourth wife and niece Agrippina the Younger

Roman Emperor Claudius
Roman Emperor
Roman Empress Agrippina the Younger
Roman Empress
Agrippina the Younger
  • 414 King Ataulf of Narbonne marries emperor Honorius sister Galle Placidia

LoveWedding of Interest

1772 US founding father Thomas Jefferson (30) marries Martha Wayles Skelton (23)

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson

LoveWedding of Interest

1811 Writer James Fenimore Cooper (21) weds Susan Augusta de Lancey in Mamaroneck, New York

LoveWedding of Interest

1824 US President James Knox Polk (28) weds Sarah Childress (20) in Murfreesboro

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk

LoveWedding of Interest

1888 55th UK Prime Minister David Lloyd George (25) weds first wife Margaret Owen

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George

LoveWedding of Interest

1896 1st Filipino President Emilio Aguinaldo (26) weds first wife Hilaria del Rosario

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo

LoveWedding of Interest

1940 68th Prime Minister of UK Harold Wilson (23) weds poet Mary Baldwin (23) in the chapel of Mansfield College, Oxford

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson

LoveWedding of Interest

1965 Novelist Michael Crichton (22) weds high school sweetheart Joan Radam

LoveWedding of Interest

1972 Politician Aung San Suu Kyi (26) weds author Michael Aris (25)

Burmese Politician Aung San Suu Kyi
Burmese Politician
Aung San Suu Kyi

LoveWedding of Interest

1994 Microsoft CEO Bill Gates (38) marries Melinda French (29)

Founder of Microsoft and Computer Scientist Bill Gates
Founder of Microsoft and Computer Scientist
Bill Gates
Philanthropist Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
  • 2019 Austrian women Nicole Kopaunik (37) and Daniela Paier (37) become the 1st same-sex couple to be officially married in the predominantly Catholic country, in a ceremony in Velden, southern Austria, shortly after midnight

Deaths in History

  • 379 Saint Basil the Great, bishop of Caesare & theologian (Moralia), dies at ~49
  • 404 Telemachus, Roman monk, dies trying to stop a gladitorial fight
  • 874 Hasan al-Askari, 11th Imam of Twelver Shia Islam, dies at 27
  • 898 Odo of France, Count of Paris (888-98), dies at ~39
  • 962 Baudouin III of Flanders, dies of smallpox
  • 1204 King Haakon III of Norway, dies in alleged poisoning
  • 1387 Charles, The Bad, King of Navarra (1349-87) dies by burning at 54

Person of interestLouis XII

1515 Louis XII, the Just, King of France (1498-1515), dies at 52

King of France Louis XII
King of France
Louis XII
  • 1517 Hermann Vischer, the Younger, German bronze merchant, dies at 31
  • 1554 Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish conquistador & first royal governor of Chile, dies at 56

Person of interestChristian III

1559 Christian III, King of Denmark (1534-59) and Norway (1537-59), dies at 55

King of Denmark and Norway Christian III
King of Denmark and Norway
Christian III
  • 1560 Guillaume du Bellay, Sieur de Langey, French soldier, dies at 52
  • 1560 Joachim du Bellay, French poet & founder of the Pléiade, dies at 38
  • 1617 Hendrick Goltzius, Dutch artist & engraver, dies at ~58
  • 1626 Cornelis Pieterse Hoft, Amsterdam merchant & regent, dies at 68
  • 1631 Thomas Hobson, the "Cambridge Carrier", eponym of Hobson's Choice, dies at 86
  • 1661 Pieter Claesz, Dutch still-life painter, dies at ~63
  • 1697 Filippo Baldinucci, Florentine biographer & art historian, dies at 71
  • 1716 William Wycherley, English dramatist (The Country Wife), dies at 74
  • 1730 Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, English Tory statesman, dies at 82
  • 1730 Samuel Sewall, English-American judge & businessman, dies at 77
  • 1742 Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman, dies at 55
  • 1748 Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, dies at 80
  • 1758 Johann Friedrich von Cronegk, German playwright (Codrus), dies at 26
  • 1759 Jacques-Joachim Trotti, Marquis de La Chétardie, French adventurer, dies at 54
  • 1766 James Francis Edward Stuart "The old Pretender", Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland after the death of his father James II, dies at 77
  • 1787 Arthur Middleton, American signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies at 44
  • 1789 Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English politician, dies at 72
  • 1793 Francesco Guardi, Italian painter, dies at 80
  • 1796 Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician, dies at 60
  • 1800 Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton, French zoologist, dies at 83
  • 1817 Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist (uranium), dies at 73
  • 1853 Gregory Blaxland, Australian explorer, dies of suicide at 74
  • 1862 Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist & mathematician, dies at 60
  • 1869 Martin W. Bates, American politician, dies at 82
  • 1881 Louis Auguste Blanqui, French political activist, dies at 75
  • 1887 Johan Hendrik Koelman, Dutch portrait painter, dies at 66
  • 1892 Roswell B. Mason, Mayor of Chicago, dies at 86
  • 1894 Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, German physicist, dies at 36
  • 1896 Alfred Ely Beach, American inventor, dies at 69
  • 1901 Ignatius Donnelly, American politician & writer, dies at 69
  • 1906 Sir Hugh Nelson, Australian politician (Premier of Queensland (b. 1835)
  • 1910 Harriet Powers, African-American slave & quilt maker (Bible Quilt 1886), dies at 72
  • 1918 William Wilfred Campbell, Canadian poet (Beyond the Hills of Dream, Ian of the Orcades), dies of pneumonia at 57
  • 1919 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general, dies at 39
  • 1920 Paul Adam, French writer (L'enfant d'Austerlitz), dies at 57
  • 1931 Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist & botanist (1st to coin the name virus), dies at 79
  • 1932 C. P. Scott, British journalist, publisher and politician, dies at 85
  • 1934 Jakob Wassermann, German writer, dies at 60
  • 1940 Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao, Indian writer & essayist, dies at 74
  • 1943 Andrew Summers Rowan, American military officer who gave "a message to Garcia", dies at 5
  • 1944 Edwin Lutyens, English architect (Viceroy's House, New Delhi), dies at 74
  • 1954 Duff Cooper, British diplomat & writer, dies at 63
  • 1957 Seán South and Fergal O'Hanlon are killed in the Brookeborough Raid
  • 1958 Edward Weston, American photographer, dies at 71
  • 1962 Diego Martínez Barrio, Spanish president (1939), dies at 76
  • 1964 Bechara El Khoury, President of Lebanon, dies at 73
  • 1966 Vincent Auriol, President of France (1947-53), dies at 82
  • 1971 Amphilochius of Pochayiv [Yakov Varnavovich Golovatyuk], Ukrainian Orthodox Christian saint, dies at 76
  • 1980 Pietro Nenni, Italian politician (Socialists), dies at 88
  • 1982 Paul Belmondo, French sculptor (Bathing Woman, Orleans), dies at 83
  • 1988 Leo Steiner, American restaurateur (Carnegie Deli), dies at 48
  • 1990 Suzuki Sochu, Japanese-born Zen teacher, dies at 80
  • 1990 James W. Wood, American astronaut (Dynasoar), dies at 65
  • 1991 Charles B. Timmer, Dutch writer (Russia Black on White), dies at 83
  • 1991 Yvonne Waegemans, Flemish author (Gnome Patjoepelke), dies at 81

Person of interestGrace Hopper

1992 Grace Hopper, American computer scientist & US Navy admiral who invented the first compiler for a universal computer programming language and is credited with coining the phrase 'debugging’, dies at 85

Computer Scientist and Admiral Grace Hopper
Computer Scientist and Admiral
Grace Hopper
  • 1992 Called Abma [Hetter Gerrit Abma], Dutch politician (SGP), dies at 74
  • 1994 Werner Schwab, Austrian playwright (Female Presidents) & artist, dies at 35
  • 1995 Eugene Wigner, Hungarian-American physicist (Nobel prize for physics-1963), dies at 92
  • 1995 Frederick "Fred" West, British contractor & serial killer (12 charges of murder), commits suicide in his prison cell at 53
  • 1996 Arleigh Burke, American admiral, dies at 94
  • 1996 Arthur Rudolph, German rocket engineer, dies at 89
  • 1996 Orapin Chaiyakan, first Thai woman elected to the Parliament of Thailand, dies at 91
  • 1997 James B. Pritchard, American theologist & archaeologist, dies at 87
  • 2000 Colin Vaughan, Australian political journalist, dies at 68
  • 2003 F. William Free, American advertising executive (I'm Cheryl – Fly Me.), dies at 74

Person of interestShirley Chisholm

2005 Shirley Chisholm, 1st African American Congresswoman (Rep-D-NY) & presidential candidate, dies of a stroke at 80

1st Black Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm
1st Black Congresswoman
Shirley Chisholm
  • 2005 Hugh Lawson, 6th Baron Burnham, British newspaperman, dies at 73
  • 2005 Eugene J. Martin, American painter & artist, dies at 66
  • 2005 Bob Matsui, American politician, dies at 63
  • 2006 Harry Magdoff, American magazine editor, dies at 92
  • 2006 Hugh McLaughlin, Irish publisher & inventor, dies at 77
  • 2006 Dawn Lake, Australian TV comedienne, dies at 78
  • 2007 Tillie Olsen, American writer (Tell Me a Riddle), dies at 94
  • 2007 Leon Davidson, American scientist known for studying UFOs, dies at 84
  • 2007 Roland Levinsky, South African medical scientist, dies at 63
  • 2007 Leonard Fraser, Australian serial killer, dies of heart attack at 55
  • 2008 Salvatore Bonanno, American mafioso & son of crime boss Joseph Bonanno, dies of a heart attack at 75
  • 2008 Pratap Chandra Chunder, Indian union minister, dies at 88
  • 2008 Harold Corsini, American photographer, dies from a stroke at 88
  • 2009 Claiborne Pell, American senator, dies at 90
  • 2009 Nizar Rayan, Hamas leader, killed in an airstrike at 49
  • 2011 Reynaldo Dagsa, Filipino politician, assassinated at 35
  • 2012 Elizabeth Brumfiel, American feminist archaeologist, dies of cancer at 66
  • 2012 Kiro Gligorov, 1st President of the Republic of Macedonia (1991-99), dies at 94
  • 2012 Hermann Guggiari, Paraguayan engineer & sculptor, dies at 88
  • 2012 Ed Jenkins, American Congressman (Democratic-Georgia), dies at 78
  • 2012 Carlos Soria, Argentine lawyer & politician, dies from gunshot to the head at 62
  • 2012 Marcelle Narbonne, French super-centenarian & oldest person in Europe, dies at 113