On This Day

On This Day in History for January 10

Events in History

Battle of InterestJulius Caesar Crosses the Rubicon

49 BC Julius Caesar defies the Roman Senate and crosses the Rubicon, uttering "alea iacta est" (the die is cast), signaling the start of civil war which would lead to his appointment as Roman dictator for life

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An illustration of Julius Caesar crossing the Rubicon River into Italy, signalling the beginning of the civil war in Rome
An illustration of Julius Caesar crossing the Rubicon River into Italy, signalling the beginning of the civil war in Rome
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  • 69 Roman emperor Galba adopts Marcus Piso Licinianus as Caesar
  • 236 St Fabian begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 532 Constantinople chariot racing green and blue supporters due to be executed escape, prompting Nika revolt
  • 1072 Robert Guiscard's Norman force conquers Palermo
  • 1356 German emperor Charles I delegates Golden Degree

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1430 Catholic Order of the Golden Fleece founded in Bruges in celebration of the prosperous and wealthy domains of Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy

Duke of Burgundy Philip the Good
Duke of Burgundy
Philip the Good
  • 1430 Order of the Guilder forms
  • 1475 Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui
  • 1514 Complutensian New Testament in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek & Latin finished
  • 1550 1st sitting of "Vurige Chamber" in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1642 King Charles I & family flee London for Oxford

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1663 King Charles II affirms charter of Royal African Company

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1731 Charles Farnese becomes Duke of Parma and Piacenza

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1776 "Common Sense" Pamphlet by Thomas Paine published, advocating American independence

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
  • 1799 Friedrich von Schiller's "Die Piccolomini" premieres in Weimar

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1801 William Henry Harrison is appointed as the first governor of the Indiana Territory

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison
  • 1806 Dutch in Capetown surrender to British
  • 1808 Herman Daendels succeeds A Wiese as Governor-General of Neth Indies
  • 1811 Louisiana slaves rebel in 2 parishes
  • 1839 First tea from leaves of indigenous plants of Assam, India arrives in the United Kingdom [date approximate] [1]
  • 1840 Uniform Penny Post mail system starts throughout the United Kingdom

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1845 Poets Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning begin corresponding

  • 1853 Charles Reade's play "Gold" premieres in London
  • 1861 Fort Jackson & Fort Philip are taken over by LA state troops (US Civil War)
  • 1861 US forts & property seized by Mississippi
  • 1861 Florida secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Battle of Big Sandy River, KY (Middle Creek)
  • 1862 Romney expedition, Confederate Army military expedition begins in Romney, West Virginia (US Civil War)
  • 1863 1st underground railway opens in London
  • 1863 General McClernand's Union troops surround Fort Hindman, Arkansas
  • 1863 January uprising begins in Poland
  • 1870 Georgia legislature reconvenes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870 John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • 1878 US Senate proposes female suffrage
  • 1883 Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P. T. Barnum fame, escapes unhurt
  • 1889 Ivory Coast declared a protectorate of France
  • 1890 Edward Macdowell's "Lancelot & Elaine" premieres

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1890 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Sapientiae Christianae

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
  • 1893 Richard Drigo's ballet "Magic Flute" premieres, St Petersburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 Henrik Ibsen's "John Gabriel Borkman" premieres in Helsingfors

Playwright Henrik Ibsen
Henrik Ibsen
  • 1897 Ukrainian bacteriologist Wademar Haffkine performs the first human trial for a vaccine for the plague on himself during the Bombay epidemic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 Lord Roberts & Lord Kitchener reach Capetown

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1901 Oil discovered at Spindletop, Beaumont, marking the start of the Texas oil boom (gusher age)
  • 1902 Alphons Diepenbrock's "Te Deum" premieres (Amsterdam)
  • 1902 Although it has professed neutrality in the Boer War, German Chancellor von Bulow joins others in attacking British actions in South Africa
  • 1906 The British and French begin consultations on military and naval issues
  • 1910 1st international air meet in US held, in LA
  • 1910 Lunt-Fontanne Theater (Globe) opens at 205 W 46th St NYC
  • 1911 1st photo in US taken from an airplane, San Diego
  • 1911 Honduras signs treaty turning over customs to US (not ratified)
  • 1912 Caillaux government in France resigns
  • 1912 World's 1st flying boat's maiden flight, (Glenn Curtiss in NY)
  • 1914 1st edition of Hague's Post under SF van Oss, published
  • 1914 Yuan Shih-k'ai, president of the new Chinese republic, dissolves parliament and prepares a constitution of his own design: he will set himself up as dictator, preparatory to an attempt to make himself emperor
  • 1916 Russian offensive in Caucasus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 In retaliation for President Woodrow Wilson's recognition of the Carranza government, members of Pancho Villa's revolutionary army take 17 US mining engineers from a train and shoot 16 of them in cold blood

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1917 The Allied Governments respond to US President Woodrow Wilson's December 1916 note, giving their terms for ending the war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Suffragettes the "Silent Sentinels" first protest outside The White House, in Washington led by Alice Paul and the National Woman's Party

Suffragist Alice Paul
Alice Paul
  • 1920 Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
  • 1920 Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris
  • 1923 Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany)
  • 1923 Lithuania seizes & annexes country of Memel
  • 1925 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson sworn in as Governor of Texasr, 2nd US woman governor, 1st ever elected
  • 1925 Allies refuse to evacuate the Cologne area of Germany as agreed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Soviet Union orders exile of Leon Trotsky

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Elmer Rice's "Street Scene" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Novelist Elmer Rice
Playwright and Novelist
Elmer Rice
  • 1930 Commencement of NZ's 1st Test, v England in Christchurch, New Zealand
  • 1930 Maurice Allom takes Test hat-trick England v NZ Christchurch
  • 1930 Mordovian Autonomous Region in RSFSR constituted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Jean Anouilh's "La Sauvage" premieres in Paris

Dramatist Jean Anouilh
Jean Anouilh
  • 1938 Paul Vincent Carroll's "White Seed" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Joseph Kesselring's "Arsenic & Old Lace" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Seyss-Inquart begins registration of Jews
  • 1941 World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura.
  • 1942 Japan invades North Celebes, Dutch East Indies
  • 1943 Soviet offensive against German 6th and 4th Armies near Stalingrad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 1st US President to visit a foreign country in wartime - FDR leaves for Casablanca, Morocco

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1944 1st mobile electric power plant delivered in Philadelphia
  • 1944 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • 1945 LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
  • 1946 UN General Assembly meets for 1st time in London
  • 1946 US Army bounces 1st radar signal off the Moon from Ft. Monmouth, New Jersey
  • 1947 British stop ships Independence & In-Gathering from landing in Israel
  • 1947 Greek steamer "Himara" strikes a wartime mine in Saronic Gulf south of Athens with loss of 392 of 637 aboard
  • 1949 RCA introduces 45 RPM record
  • 1951 1st jet passenger trip made
  • 1951 UN headquarters opens in Manhattan NY
  • 1952 Jean Anouilh's "La valse des toréadors" premieres in Paris
  • 1953 "My Darlin' Aida" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 89 performances
  • 1953 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Archibald MacLeish
  • 1954 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to W H Auden
  • 1954 A Comet jet airliner crashes in the Mediterranean; 35 people are missing

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1957 After Anthony Eden's resignation Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
  • 1960 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Delmore Schwartz
  • 1962 Eruptions on Mount Huascaran in Peru destroy 7 villages & kill 3,500
  • 1964 Battles between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1964 Panama severs diplomatic relations with US
  • 1964 US version of "That Was The Week That Was" premieres
  • 1965 Bollingen prize for poetry awarded to Horace Gregory

Birthdays in History

  • 1480 Margaret of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands, born in City of Brussels, Belgium (d. 1530)
  • 1502 Hendrik Niclaes, German mystic & founder of Christian sect "Familia Caritatis", born in Münster, Germany (d. 1570)
  • 1538 Louis of Nassau, Dutch general, born in Dillenburg, Germany (d. 1574)
  • 1573 Simon Marius, German astronomer, born in Gunzenhausen, Germany (d. 1624)
  • 1607 Isaac Jogues, French Jesuit missionary & martyr, born in Orléans, France (d. 1646)
  • 1628 Jan Theunisz Blanckerhoff [Jan Maet], Dutch painter, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1669)
  • 1638 Nicolas Steno, Danish scientist & bishop, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1686)
  • 1644 Louis Boufflers, French soldier & marshal of France, born in Crillon, Oise, France (d. 1711)
  • 1654 Joshua Barnes, English scholar, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1712)
  • 1702 Johannes Zick, German fresco painter, born in Lachen, Germany (d. 1762)
  • 1715 Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian, born in Leuna, Germany (d. 1775)

Person of interestEthan Allen

1738 Ethan Allen, American Revolutionary War patriot (lead the Green Mountain Boys), born in Litchfield, Connecticut (d. 1789)

American Revolutionary War Patriot Ethan Allen
American Revolutionary War Patriot
Ethan Allen
  • 1747 Abraham Louis-Breguet, French clock maker, born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland (d. 1823)
  • 1750 Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine, British Lord Chancellor, born in Edinburgh, United Kingdom (d. 1823)
  • 1768 James Varicick, founder and first bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, born in Newburgh, New York (d. 1827)
  • 1769 Michel Ney, French marshal (Waterloo), born in Saarlouis, Germany (d. 1815)
  • 1780 Heinrich Lichtenstein, German physician & explorer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1857)
  • 1800 Lars Levi Laestadius, Swedish botanist & founder of Laestadianism, born in Jäckvik, Arjeplog, Sweden (d. 1861)
  • 1810 Jeremiah S. Black, American statesman & lawyer, born in Stony Creek, Pennsylvania (d. 1883)
  • 1812 Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect & educator, born in Torgau, Germany (d. 1881)
  • 1814 Aubrey de Vere, Irish poet & critic (Victorian Observer), born in Toreen, Republic of Ireland (d. 1902)
  • 1815 Alexander Brydie Dyer, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1874)
  • 1815 Thomas Williams, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Albany, New York (d. 1862)
  • 1825 Alexander Travis Hawthorn, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Conecuh County, Alabama (d. 1899)
  • 1828 Herman Koeckemann, German Catholic prelate, born in Ostbevern, Germany (d. 1892)
  • 1834 John Dalberg, Baron Acton, English historian & historian (“Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely"), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1902)
  • 1836 Charles Ingalls, father of American author Laura Ingalls Wilder, born in Cuba, New York (d. 1902)
  • 1840 Louis Nazaire Bégin, French Canadian archbishop and cardinal, born in Lévis, Canada (d. 1925)
  • 1841 George Melville, American polar explorer & naval engineer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1912)

Person of interestFrank James

1843 Frank James, American outlaw (member of the James-Younger gang), born in Clay County, Missouri (d. 1915)

Outlaw Frank James
Frank James
  • 1850 John Wellborn Root, American architect, born in Lumpkin, Georgia (d. 1891)
  • 1855 Peter J. Blok, Dutch historian (History of the Dutch People)
  • 1858 Heinrich Zille, German illustrator and photographer, born in Radeburg, Germany (d. 1929)

Person of interestGeorge Washington Carver

1864 George Washington Carver, African-American agricultural scientist (studied the peanut), born in Diamond Grove, Missouri [or Jul 12] (d. 1943)

Agricultural Scientist and Inventor George Washington Carver
Agricultural Scientist and Inventor
George Washington Carver
  • 1864 Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia, son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1865 Mary Ingalls, sister of American author Laura Ingalls Wilder, born in Pepin County, Wisconsin (d. 1928)
  • 1871 Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti, Austrian poet & writer (Jesse & Maria), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1955)
  • 1876 Jan Eisenloeffel, Dutch goldsmith, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1957)
  • 1877 Frederick Gardner Cottrell, American inventor (electrostatic precipitator), born in Oakland, California (d. 1948)
  • 1880 Eduard Meijers, Dutch lawyer (Short Cause), born in Den Helder, Netherlands (d. 1954)
  • 1880 Frans van Cauwelaert, Flemish minister & mayor of Antwerp, born in Roosdaal, Belgium (d. 1961)
  • 1880 Grock [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown and circus director, born in Loveresse, Canton of Bern (d. 1959)

Person of interestManuel Azaña

1880 Manuel Azaña, Prime Minister of Spain (1931-33) and 2nd President of the Spanish Republic (1936-39), born in Alcalá de Henares, Spain (d. 1940)

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • 1883 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj), born in Pugachyov, Russia (d. 1945)
  • 1887 Robinson Jeffers, American poet & playwright (Tamar & Other Poems, Medea), born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania (d. 1962)
  • 1890 Grigory Landsberg, Soviet physicist, born in Vologda, Russia (d. 1957)
  • 1891 Jos Speybrouck, Belgian drawer, born in Kortrijk, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • 1892 Dumas Malone, American historian (Jefferson & His Time), born in Coldwater, Mississippi (d. 1986)
  • 1893 Albert Jacka, Australian soldier, first Australian World War I Victoria Cross winner (d. 1932)
  • 1894 Reginald Denham, English writer & director (Obsession, The Bad Seed), born in London, England (d. 1983)
  • 1910 Alioune Diop, Senegalese writer & editor (Présence africaine), born in Senegal (d. 1980)
  • 1911 Tjalie Robinson [Jan Boon], Dutch East Indies writer and journalist (Tong Tong), born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1974)
  • 1912 Maria Mandel, Camp leader at Auschwitz, born in Münzkirchen, Austria (d. 1948)
  • 1913 Gustav Husak, Slovak politician & president of Czechoslavakia (1975-89), born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1991)
  • 1913 Mehmet Shehu, Albanian politician, born in Çorrush, Albania (d. 1981)
  • 1914 Claude Gallimard, French publisher (d. 1991)
  • 1914 Yu Kuo-hwa, former Premier of Taiwan, born in Fenghua District, China (d. 2000)
  • 1916 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist & Nobel laureate, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2004)
  • 1918 Arthur Chung, President of Guyana, born in Windsor Great Park, United Kingdom (d. 2008)
  • 1923 Ingeborg Drewitz, German writer & academic, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1986)
  • 1926 Musallam Bseiso, Palestinian journalist, thinker, and politician, born in Beit She'an, Israel (d. 2017)
  • 1927 Otto Stich, Swiss politician, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 2012)
  • 1928 Donald Brooks, American fashion designer (Emmy 1983), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2005)
  • 1928 Philip Levine, American poet, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • 1931 Alex Boraine, South Africa politician, born in Cape Town, South Africa
  • 1931 Ron Galella, American celebrity photographer (sued by Jackie O), born in NYC, New York
  • 1931 Peter Barnes, English writer, born in Manchester, United Kingdom (d. 2004)
  • 1934 Leonid Kravchuk, Ukrainian politician, born in Wołyń Voivodeship, Poland

Person of interestStephen E. Ambrose

1936 Stephen E. Ambrose, American historian (Band of Brothers), born in Lovington, Illinois (d. 2002)

  • 1936 Robert Woodrow Wilson, American physicist & radio astronomer (1978 Nobel laureate), born in Houston, Texas
  • 1936 Al Goldstein, American publisher & pornographer, born in Williamsburg, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1937 Thomas Penfield Jackson, American judge, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2013)
  • 1938 Donald Knuth, American mathematician & computer scientist, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1939 Jared Carter, American poet, born in Elwood, Indiana
  • 1939 David Horowitz, American author & political commentator, born in NYC, New York
  • 1939 William Levy, American writer, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 2019)
  • 1940 Ntare VI of Ankole, Omugabe of Nkole
  • 1940 Guy Chevrette, Quebec politician, born in Québec, Canada
  • 1942 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Petrushenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1944 Rory Byrne, South African engineer & car designer, born in Pretoria, South Africa
  • 1945 Gunther von Hagens [Gunther Gerhard Liebchen], German anatomist who invented the plastination technique for preserving tissue specimens, born in Alt-Skalden, Nazi Germany
  • 1947 George Alec Effinger, American sci-fi author (Nick of Time), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2002)
  • 1947 Afeni Shakur, mother of Tupac Shakur, Black Panther Party member, born in Lumberton, North Carolina (d. 2016)
  • 1949 James Lapine, American stage director, born in Mansfield, Ohio
  • 1955 Luci Martin, American vocalist (Chic - "Le Freak"), born in the Bronx, New York
  • 1956 Antonio Muñoz Molina, Spanish writer (Royal Spanish Academy), born in Úbeda, Jaén, Spain
  • 1957 Greg Walden, U.S. Congressman from Oregon, born in The Dalles, Oregon
  • 1960 Benoît Pelletier, Canadian politician, born in Quebec City, Canada
  • 1962 Michael Fortier, Canadian politician, born in Quebec City, Canada
  • 1963 Mark Pryor, American politician, born in Fayetteville, Arkansas
  • 1963 Deborah Bone, English mental health nurse who was the inspiration for the song Disco 2000 by Jarvis Cocker, born in Sheffield, England (d. 2014)
  • 1966 Steve Kramer, American politician, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1968 Lyle Menendez, American author accused of killing his parents (Menendez Brothers), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestJared Kushner

1981 Jared Kushner, American real estate developer and advisor to Donald Trump, born in Livingston, New Jersey

Son-in-law and Adviser to Donald Trump Jared Kushner
Son-in-law and Adviser to Donald Trump
Jared Kushner
  • 1983 Li Nina, Chinese aerial free-style skier, born in Benxi, China

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1430 Duke Philip the Good marries Isabella of Portugal

Duke of Burgundy Philip the Good
Duke of Burgundy
Philip the Good

LoveWedding of Interest

1857 Novelist Jules Verne (28) weds Honorine de Viane Morel

Novelist Jules Verne
Jules Verne

LoveWedding of Interest

1870 Deputy sheriff Wyatt Earp (21) weds Urilla Sutherland in Lamar, Texas

Frontier lawman Wyatt Earp
Frontier lawman
Wyatt Earp

LoveWedding of Interest

1898 Painter Henri Matisse (28) weds Amélie Noellie Parayre

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse

LoveWedding of Interest

1957 Poet T. S. Eliot (68) marries his 2nd wife editor Esmé Valerie Fletcher (30)

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot
  • 1967 Dutch Princess Margret marries Pieter van Vollenhoven

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1810 French church annuls marriage of Napoleon I and Empress Joséphine

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Deaths in History

  • 314 Pope St. Miltiades, Bishop of Rome (311-314)
  • 681 Agatho, Sicilian pope (678-81), dies
  • 866 Lin-chi I-hsuan [J Rinzai Gigen], Zen teacher, dies
  • 976 John I Tzimisces/Tzimiskes, Byzantine Emperor (969-76), dies at 51
  • 1094 Al-Mustanṣir, 8th Fāṭimid Caliph of Cairo, dies at 64
  • 1271 Otto II, the Lame, earl of Gelre, dies
  • 1276 Pope Gregory X, (Tedaldo Visconti), dies at about 65
  • 1542 Gerardus Noviomagus [Gerrit Geldenhauer], Dutch theologist, die at 59
  • 1645 William Laud, English Archbishop of Canterbury, beheaded, for treason, in the Tower of London at 71
  • 1654 Nicholas Culpeper, English botanist, herbalist, physician, and astrologer (b. 1616)
  • 1662 Prince Honoré II of Monaco (b. 1597)
  • 1674 Jacob de Witt, Dutch mayor (Dordrecht)/MP, dies at 84
  • 1698 Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French ecclesiastical historian, dies at 60
  • 1707 Philibert, comte de Gramont, French writer (b. 1621)
  • 1754 Daniel Raap, Dutch porcelain salesman/politician, dies at about 51
  • 1754 Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (b. 1691)
  • 1761 Edward Boscawen, British admiral in the Royal Navy, dies at 49
  • 1768 Charles Cressent, French court furniture maker, dies at 82
  • 1775 Jemeljan Pugatshov, Russian kosak leader/"Tsar Peter III", dies

Person of interestCarolus Linnaeus

1778 Carolus Linnaeus [Carl von Linné], Swedish botanist, explorer and the Father of Taxonomy, dies at 70

Taxonomist, Botanist, Physician and Zoologist Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomist, Botanist, Physician and Zoologist
Carolus Linnaeus
  • 1789 Pierre Lyonet, Dutch zoologist and cryptologist, dies at 82
  • 1794 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, dies at 39
  • 1811 Marie-Joseph Chénier, French poet (Caïus Gracchus), dies at 46
  • 1824 Victor Emanuel I, king of Sardinia (1802-21), dies at 64
  • 1828 François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure, dies at 77
  • 1833 Adrien-Marie Legendre, French mathematician (worked on elliptic integrals), dies at 80
  • 1840 Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom, 7th child and 3rd daughter of King George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, dies at 69
  • 1846 Étienne Pivert de Senancour, French writer (De l'Amour), dies at 75
  • 1851 Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal, dies at 75
  • 1855 Mary Russell Mitford, English playwright and poet (Julian), dies at 67

Person of interestSamuel Colt

1862 Samuel Colt, American inventor and industrialist (Colt 6 shot revolver), dies of gout at 47

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt
  • 1863 Lyman Beecher, US Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader (b. 1775)
  • 1866 Pyotr Pletnyov, Russian poet (b. 1792)
  • 1871 Pierre A du Terrail, French writer, dies at 41

Person of interestGordon Granger

1876 Gordon Granger, American Major General during the Civil War (Union Army), dies at 54

Union General Gordon Granger
Union General
Gordon Granger
  • 1883 Dr Samuel A. Mudd, American medical doctor (b. 1833)
  • 1883 Samuel Mudd, American physician (imprisoned for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth), dies of pneumonia at 49
  • 1891 Laza Lazarević, Serbian writer (Prvi put s ocem na jutrenje) and psychiatrist, dies at 39
  • 1899 Gerard Keller, Dutch writer (Vlugmaren), dies at 69
  • 1901 Sir James Dickson, Premier of Queensland, Australian Minister for Defence (b. 1832)
  • 1904 Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor (b. 1824)
  • 1917 William "Buffalo Bill" Cody, American Wild West hunter and showman (Buffalo Bill's Wild West), dies at 70
  • 1922 Frank Tudor, Australian Labor Opposition leader (b. 1866)
  • 1926 Eino Leino, Finnish poet, dies at 47
  • 1934 Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist, beheaded in Berlin at 24
  • 1938 Willem de Vreese, Flemish linguist, dies at 68
  • 1941 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, murdered at 67
  • 1941 Sir John Lavery, Northern Irish artist (b. 1856)
  • 1945 Rudolf Borchardt, writer, dies at 67
  • 1949 Erich von Drygalski, German geographer, geophysicist, and polar scientist (b. 1865)
  • 1951 [Harry] Sinclair Lewis, American writer (Nobel Prize in Literature 1930), dies from advanced alcoholism at 65
  • 1951 Yoshio Nishina, Japanese physicist (known as the founding father of modern physics research in Japan), dies at 60
  • 1956 Henk Bremmer, Dutch art historian (Beeldende Kunst), dies at 84
  • 1956 Karl L Schmidt, German/Swiss theologist (Urchristentum), dies at 64
  • 1957 Gabriela Mistral, Chilean poet (Nobel Prize 1945), dies at 67
  • 1958 Charles de Trooz, Belgian writer, dies at 52
  • 1961 Dashiell Hammett, American detective writer (Thin Man, Maltese Falcon), dies at 66
  • 1964 A Marja, Dutch author (Man of Day & Night), dies at 46
  • 1966 Hermann Kasack, German writer (Die Stadt hinter dem Strom), dies at 69
  • 1970 Pavel Belyayev, Soviet fighter pilot and cosmonaut (Voskhod II), dies at 44

Person of interestCoco Chanel

1971 Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel, French fashion designer (Chanel), dies at 87

Fashion Designer Coco Chanel
Fashion Designer
Coco Chanel
  • 1972 Georg Rendl, Austriam miner/beekeeper (Satan on Earth), dies at 68
  • 1972 Aksel Larsen, Danish politician (b. 1897)
  • 1977 Ruth Wakefield, American inventor (created the Toll House Cookie, the first chocolate chip cookie), dies at 73
  • 1978 John D. Rockefeller III, US billionaire/philanthropist, dies at 71
  • 1978 Pedro Joaquín Chamorro, of La Prensa, assassinated in Managua
  • 1980 George Meany, American labor leader ((AFL-CIO), dies at 86
  • 1981 Fawn M. Brodie, American historian (b. 1915)

MurderRoy DeMeo

1983 Roy DeMeo, American gangster (Gambino crime family), murdered at 40

Gangster Roy DeMeo
Roy DeMeo
  • 1984 Souvanna Phouma, Prince and Prime Minister of Laos (1951–54, 1956–58, 1960 and 1962–75), dies at 82
  • 1986 Joseph Kraft, American columnist, dies at 61
  • 1987 Sir David Robinson, English philanthropist and entrepreneur (b. 1904)
  • 1989 Herbert Morrison, American radio reporter (b. 1905)
  • 1989 Colin Winchester, Australian Assistant Police Commissioner, murdered (b. 1933)
  • 1991 Dimitris Myrat, dies of cancer at 62
  • 1993 Noorjahan Begum, "adulterous" wife in Bangladesh, stoned to death
  • 1994 Catharina I "Ien" Dales, min of Internal affairs (1989-94), dies at 62
  • 1995 Elaine Greene, literary Agent, dies at 74
  • 1995 Halton Kathleen Tynan, writer, dies at 57
  • 1996 Alexander Robertus, organic chemist, dies at 88
  • 1997 Elspeth Huxley, English author (The Flame Trees of Thika and The Mottled Lizard), dies at 89
  • 1997 Hilary Grover Barratt Brown, conservationist, dies at 71
  • 1997 Shiv Verma, Indian revolutionary soldier, dies at 88
  • 1997 Alexander R. Todd, British chemist (Nobel Prize 1957), dies at 89
  • 1997 Darrell A. Amyx, American classical archaeologist (Greek Ceramics), dies at 85
  • 1999 John Hervey, 7th marquess of Bristol, English flamboyant peer who lost his fortune to drug addiction, dies at 44
  • 1999 Sir Edward Williams, Australian judge (b. 1921)
  • 2002 W.A. Criswell, American (Baptist) preacher (b. 1909)
  • 2002 John Buscema, American comics artist (Conan the Barbarian), dies at 74
  • 2004 Alexandra Ripley, American author (b. 1934)
  • 2005 James Forman, American civil rights leader (b. 1928)
  • 2005 Joséphine-Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, Princess of Belgium, dies at 77
  • 2005 Metropolitan Wasyly Fedak, primate of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada (b. 1909)
  • 2007 Bradford Washburn, American explorer and cartographer, dies at 96
  • 2008 Mikhail Minin, Russian Soviet soldier (b. 1922)
  • 2009 William Frederick "Bill" Stone, British World War I veteran (b. 1900)
  • 2010 Donald Acheson, Irish physician and Chief Medical Officer for England (1983-90), dies at 83
  • 2012 Gevork Vartanian, Soviet intelligence agent, dies at 87
  • 2013 Evan Connell, American author, dies at 88
  • 2014 Larry Speakes, Acting White House Press Secretary under President Ronald Reagan, dies at 74